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evidence based dentistry

S Scambler, M Delgado, K Asimakopoulou
Objective This paper presents the results of a systematic review, designed to explore how patient-centred care (PCC) is defined in the dental literature.Method An electronic search of MEDLINE (1946-2012), Embase (1980-2012) PsycINFO (1806-2012), the Cochrane Library and non-peer reviewed literature was conducted using a standardised search protocol. Definitions of patient centred care were identified and scored on two criteria to evaluate quality of definition and quality/type of evidence.Results Of the 28 papers included in the review the majority provided definitions of PCC synonymous with good quality general care (holistic, humanitarian)...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Khaled Ahmed
Data sourcesMedline, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database (LILACS), Brazilian Library in Dentistry (BBO), the Cochrane Library, abstracts of the annual conference of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), System for Information on Grey literature in Europe (SIGLE), ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Fulltext database as well as the Periódicos Capes Theses, Current Controlled Trials, International Clinical trials registry platform, the ClinicalTrials...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Nikisha Mehta, Zoe Marshman
BackgroundThis systematic appraisal was conducted to determine if the Evidence-Based Dentistry Journal (EBDJ) acts as a reliable and contemporary source of knowledge for practitioners across all disciplines within dentistry.ObjectivesThe main objectives were to determine i) the year the articles were published and included in the EBDJ; ii) if the articles published covered all fields equally within dentistry; iii) the type of study design of the articles reported in the journal and; iv) the level of expertise of the writers of the commentaries...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Ahmed S Alzahrani, Hassan H Abed
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is considered one of the major chronic diseases in the world. Long-term hyperglycemia considerably affects the body tissues, and consequently, can lead to morbidity and mortality. Moreover, many oral complications have been observed with DM but little consideration in relation to the placement of dental implants has been investigated. Dental research has analyzed the relation of dental implants and bone osseointegration in diabetic patients. Theoretically, an impaired immune system and delayed wound healing of these patients might decrease the success rate of implant placement; however, with noticeable advances in evidence-based dentistry and statistically significant results, successful implant treatment could be achieved significantly in well-controlled diabetic patients...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Marilyn H Oermann, Jamie L Conklin, Leslie H Nicoll, Peggy L Chinn, Kathleen S Ashton, Alison H Edie, Sathya Amarasekara, Susan C Budinger
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify predatory journals in nursing, describe their characteristics and editorial standards, and document experiences of authors, peer reviewers, and editors affiliated with these journals. DESIGN: Using two sources that list predatory journals, the research team created a list of nursing journals. In Phase One, the team collected data on characteristics of predatory nursing journals such as types of articles published, article processing charge, and peer review process...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Brandon G Coleman, Thomas M Johnson, Kenneth J Erley, Richard Topolski, Michael Rethman, Douglas D Lancaster
In recent years, evidence-based dentistry has become the ideal for research, academia, and clinical practice. However, barriers to implementation are many, including the complexity of interpreting conflicting evidence as well as difficulties in accessing it. Furthermore, many proponents of evidence-based care seem to assume that good evidence consistently exists and that clinicians can and will objectively evaluate data so as to apply the best evidence to individual patients' needs. The authors argue that these shortcomings may mislead many clinicians and that students should be adequately prepared to cope with some of the more complex issues surrounding evidence-based practice...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Nhf Wilson, C D Lynch, P A Brunton, R Hickel, H Meyer-Lueckel, S Gurgan, U Pallesen, A C Shearer, Z Tarle, E Cotti, G Vanherle, N Opdam
The replacement of a restoration is one of the most common procedures in dentistry. However, the criteria for such intervention, excluding catastrophic failure and persistent discomfort and pain, continue to be the subject of considerable debate. The decision-making process remains subjective on the part of the treating clinician, while the evidence base for refurbishment and repair rather than replacement for the management of defective and failing restorations continues to grow and strengthen. This article, prepared as an Academy of Operative Dentistry European Section consensus publication, reviews existing criteria for the replacement of restorations and encourages practitioners to shift, if not already doing so, to considering the replacement of a restoration as a last resort rather than as a prudent action to be taken if in any doubt about clinical acceptability...
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
P Schembri Wismayer, C Y K Lung, F Rappa, F Cappello, J Camilleri
Portland cement used in the construction industry improves its properties when wet. Since most dental materials are used in a moist environment, Portland cement has been developed for use in dentistry. The first generation material is mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), used in surgical procedures, thus in contact with blood. The aim of this study was to compare the setting of MTA in vitro and in vivo in contact with blood by subcutaneous implantation in rats. The tissue reaction to the material was also investigated...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Konstantinos Kyriakoulis, Athina Patelarou, Aggelos Laliotis, Andrew C Wan, Michail Matalliotakis, Chrysoula Tsiou, Evridiki Patelarou
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to find best teaching strategies for teaching evidence-based practice (EBP) to undergraduate health students that have been adopted over the last years in healthcare institutions worldwide. METHODS: The authors carried out a systematic, comprehensive bibliographic search using Medline database for the years 2005 to March 2015 (updated in March 2016). Search terms used were chosen from the USNLM Institutes of Health list of MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) and free text key terms were used as well...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Vineet Dhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Kay M Hurst
BACKGROUND: Video podcasts, or vodcasts are increasingly used by a range of healthcare professions in the mastery of new skills. Little is known about the experiences of using vodcasts in physiotherapy education. Traditional pedagogic strategies have been employed in order to master those skills required for physiotherapy practice. There have been advances in the use of technology in medical education in the nursing, dentistry and medical fields. Vodcasts offer great versatility and potential when used as a pedagogical tool, embedded within a physiotherapy curriculum...
October 2016: Nurse Education Today
Zehra Yilmaz, Cemal Ucer, Edwin Scher, Jon Suzuki, Tara Renton
BACKGROUND: Dental implant-related iatrogenic trigeminal nerve (TG) injuries are proportionally increasing with dental implant surgery. This study, which is presented in greater detail over a series of articles, assessed the experience of implant-related TG nerve injuries among UK dentists. Incidence and cause of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), mental nerve (MN), and lingual nerve (LN) injuries, together with preoperative assessment and the consent process, are presented in this article...
October 2016: Implant Dentistry
Indrajeet Ghosh, Prakriti Dayal, Samiran Das
Dentistry, like various branches in the healthcare profession, is susceptible to overtreatment, especially in the management of dental caries, due to the adoption of an aggressive restorative approach. This philosophy provides no actual benefits to the patient in terms of arresting the disease process, which initially led to the carious lesions. Yet practitioners routinely continue to initiate restorative treatment procedures without attempting to understand and alter the biologic factors contributing to the caries process...
June 2016: Dental Update
Ana Maria Antonelli da Veiga, Amanda Carneiro Cunha, Daniele Masterson Tavares Pereira Ferreira, Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Thomaz Kauark Chianca, Kátia Rodrigues Reis, Lucianne Cople Maia
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the differences in clinical performance in direct and indirect resin composite restorations in permanent posterior teeth. SOURCES: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, LILACS, BBO, and SiGLE were searched without restrictions. STUDY SELECTION: We included randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that compared the clinical performance of direct and indirect resin composite restorations in Class I and Class II cavities in permanent teeth, with at least two years of follow-up...
November 2016: Journal of Dentistry
R Krug, G Krastl, M Jahreis
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to evaluate the radiographic technical quality of root canal treatment before and after the implementation of a nickel-titanium rotary (NiTiR) preparation followed by a matching-taper single-cone (mSC) obturation and to detect the procedural errors associated with this technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A random sample of 535 patients received root canal treatment at the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology at the University of Würzburg: 254 teeth were treated in 2002-2003 by using stainless steel instruments (SSI) for preparation and a lateral compaction (LC) technique (classic group (CG))...
August 13, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Faezeh Eslamipour, Marzieh Ghaiour
AIM: Evidence-based dentistry (EBD) is an approach to oral health that requires the application and examination of relevant scientific data related to the patient's oral health and his priorities. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of dental students of Isfahan about EBD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive study, 168 dental students in 3 final years of their education who engaged in clinical practice by consensus sampling were recruited...
2016: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
John T Wright, James J Crall, Margherita Fontana, E Jane Gillette, Brian B Nový, Vineet Dhar, Kevin Donly, Edmond R Hewlett, Rocio B Quinonez, Jeffrey Chaffin, Matt Crespin, Timothy Iafolla, Mark D Siegal, Malavika P Tampi, Laurel Graham, Cameron Estrich, Alonso Carrasco-Labra
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits and fissures of occlusal surfaces...
August 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
Roberto Sorrentino, Maria Irene Di Mauro, Marco Ferrari, Renato Leone, Fernando Zarone
OBJECTIVE: The present systematic review aimed at assessing data from the literature on endodontic and prosthetic complications in endodontically treated teeth restored with fiber posts and single crowns (SCs) or fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Available randomized controlled clinical trials evaluating endodontic and prosthetic complications in the teeth treated with fiber posts and restored with different prosthetic restorations were reviewed...
September 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Kannan Sridharan
INTRODUCTION: Clinical trials are the back bone for evidence-based practice (EBP) and recently EBP has been considered the best source of treatment strategies available. Clinical trial registries serve as databases of clinical trials. As regards to dentistry in specific data on the number of clinical trials and their quality is lacking. Hence, the present study was envisaged. METHOD: Clinical trials registered in WHO-ICTRP (
June 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Shamima Easmin Nishi, Rehana Basri, Mohammad Khursheed Alam
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the uses of electromyography (EMG) in dentistry in the last few years in related research. EMG is an advanced technique to record and evaluate muscle activity. In the previous days, EMG was only used for medical sciences, but now EMG playing a tremendous role in medical as well as dental sector. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, and Web of Science were systematically searched for studies published until July 2015...
July 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
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