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evidence based dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815253/-a-survey-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-related-to-evidence-based-dentistry-among-dental-students
#1
Zhong-Fu Chang, Ce Zhu, Dan-Ying Tao, Xi-Ping Feng, Hai-Xia Lu
PURPOSE: To investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice related to evidence-based dentistry among dental students, and to provide a reference for targeted evidence-based dentistry teaching and practice evidence-based dentistry in dental students. METHODS: Dental students who attended the internship in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital and Pudong People's Hospital were invited to attend this survey. Information on knowledge, attitude and practices related evidence-based dentistry was collected through questionnaires...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798450/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-and-minimal-intervention-dentistry
#2
J E Frencken
Too many people worldwide suffer from the consequences of untreated dentine carious lesions. This finding reflects the inability of the currently used traditional mode of treatments to manage such lesions. A change is needed. Dental training institutions should depart from the traditional 'drill and fill' treatments and embrace the holistic oral healthcare approach that is minimal intervention dentistry (MID) and includes within it minimally invasive operative skills. Dental caries is, after all, a preventable disease...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798433/a-guide-to-building-mi-oral-healthcare-practice
#3
B Dawett, B Atkins, A Banerjee
Minimum intervention dentistry (MID) is the evidence-based delivery of oral healthcare which aims to maximise preservation of tooth structure and longevity of tooth life, improving long-term oral health and wellbeing. In general dental practice implementing such an ethos and approach can require change in the practice structure and processes. Such change in processes requires careful management and planning. Planning should include financial as well as business planning. A detailed understanding of the planning that may be required is described here as a guide to help oral healthcare practice staff and other stakeholders to facilitate the delivery of MID...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798429/dento-legal-considerations-about-an-mi-approach
#4
L D'Cruz
Over the years there have been many conceptual changes in how dental disease is prevented and managed. What is now the norm and standard practice was at some earlier time considered to be at best pioneering, and at its worst, heresy or negligent. When we look, for example at how we conservatively manage periodontal disease when less than a generation ago we were wielding surgical knives far more frequently than we do now, we can see how research and evidence-based dentistry has influenced our thinking. We are very much at that tipping point now with minimum intervention (MI) dentistry...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798421/remineralisation-the-buzzword-for-early-mi-caries-management
#5
B T Amaechi
Minimal intervention (MI) dentistry aims to preserve dental tissues first and restore only when indicated, thus remineralisation of initial (non-cavitated) caries lesions, an integral part of caries management, is an essential treatment strategy in MI. With this understanding, dental practitioners are increasingly embracing the principle of non-operative treatment of initial caries lesions. The purpose of this review was to summarise the most recent literature published in non-operative management of dental caries...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765456/trends-in-basic-sciences-education-in-dental-schools-1999-2016
#6
Marilyn S Lantz, Charles F Shuler
The purpose of this study was to examine data published over the past two decades to identify trends in the basic sciences curriculum in dental education, provide an analysis of those trends, and compare them with trends in the basic sciences curriculum in medical education. Data published from the American Dental Association (ADA) Surveys of Dental Education, American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Surveys of Dental School Seniors, and two additional surveys were examined. In large part, survey data collected focused on the structure, content, and instructional strategies used in dental education: what was taught and how...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765444/an-interactive-online-approach-to-teaching-evidence-based-dentistry-with-web-2-0-technology
#7
Meixun Zheng, Daniel Bender, Laura Reid, Jim Milani
At many dental schools, evidence-based dentistry (EBD) is taught in a traditional lecture format. To avoid the constraints of lectures, in 2012 the EBD unit was redesigned for online delivery at the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry at the University of the Pacific with a Web 2.0 tool called Voicethread. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of Voicethread-based online learning on students' perceptions of learning EBD, their participation and engagement, and their acceptance of this new online delivery approach...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738710/use-of-traditional-herbal-medicine-as-an-alternative-in-dental-treatment-in-mexican-dentistry-a-review
#8
Cindy Cruz Martínez, Martha Diaz Gómez, Myung Sook Oh
CONTEXT: Herbal therapies are used worldwide to treat health conditions. In Mexico, generations have used them to treat gingivitis, periodontitis, mouth infections, and discoloured teeth. However, few studies have collected scientific evidence on their effects. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at searching and compiling scientific evidence of alternative oral and dental treatments using medicinal herbs from Mexico. METHODS: We collected various Mexican medicinal plants used in the dental treatment from the database of the Institute of Biology at the National Autonomous University of Mexico...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738105/psychosocial-and-behavioral-aspects-of-pain-and-perception-of-oral-health
#9
Miriane Lucindo Zucoloto, João Maroco, Juliana Alvares Campos
AIMS: To evaluate the contribution of the psychosocial and behavioral aspects of pain to the perception of oral health in a sample of Brazilian dental patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 436 patients who sought dental care in the School of Dentistry of São Paulo State University and who reported some type of orofacial pain. The study group's mean age (± standard deviation [SD]) was 39.9 ± 13.6 years, and the sample was 74.5% female. The Portuguese version of the Oral Health Impact Profile Short Form (OHIP-14) and the Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI) were used...
July 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729806/evidence-provided-for-the-use-of-oscillating-instruments-in-restorative-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Panagiotis Ntovas, Spyridon Doukoudakis, John Tzoutzas, Panagiotis Lagouvardos
Oscillating diamond instruments are considered gentle sources for the removal of demineralized tooth hard tissues and the preparation of cavity angles and margins needed in minimally invasive dentistry. However, there is a question if literature provides enough evidence for their efficacy in restorative dentistry procedures. A literature search until May 2016 was conducted, using PubMed, Scopus, and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases. The quality of the studies was assessed using the recommendation of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726479/motivational-interviewing-and-the-clinical-science-of-carl-rogers
#11
William R Miller, Theresa B Moyers
The clinical method of motivational interviewing (MI) evolved from the person-centered approach of Carl Rogers, maintaining his pioneering commitment to the scientific study of therapeutic processes and outcomes. The development of MI pertains to all 3 of the 125th anniversary themes explored in this special issue. Applications of MI have spread far beyond clinical psychology into fields including health care, rehabilitation, public health, social work, dentistry, corrections, coaching, and education, directly impacting the lives of many people...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725125/from-dental-science-to-clinical-practice-knowledge-translation-and-evidence-based-dentistry-principles
#12
REVIEW
Kelvin I Afrashtehfar, Mansour K Assery
It has been claimed that in order to decrease the gap between what we know and what we do, research findings must be translated from knowledge to action. Such practices better enable dentists to make evidence-based decisions instead of personal ideas and judgments. To this end, this literature review aims to revisit the concepts of knowledge translation and evidence-based dentistry (EBD) and depict their role and influence within dental education. It addresses some possible strategies to facilitate knowledge translation (KT), encourage dental students to use EBD principles, and to encourage dental educators to create an environment in which students become self-directed learners...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714187/a-critique-of-utilitarian-and-instrumentalist-concepts-for-the-teaching-of-gross-anatomy-to-medical-and-dental-students-an-opinion-piece
#13
Bernard J Moxham, Diogo Pais
Medical and dental curricula, together with anatomical sciences courses, are increasingly having to change, mainly because there is a drive to being what is termed, without adequate definition, 'clinically relevant'. The concept of 'clinical anatomy' has accordingly been invented and it is expected that, at all times, the teaching of anatomy is directly focussed on clinical scenarios, meaning almost invariably the 'disease-based model of medicine and dentistry'. Furthermore, students are not expected to have a detailed knowledge of gross anatomy and the time devoted to teaching and learning the subject has decreased significantly...
July 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713108/current-prescribing-practices-for-antibiotic-prophylaxis-a-survey-of-dental-practitioners
#14
Leah S Spittle, Kathleen B Muzzin, Patricia R Campbell, Janice P DeWald, Francisco Rivera-Hidalgo
AIM: Antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines have been developed for health care and dentistry. The authors examined whether dentists were following the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) and the 2012 American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was sent to 600 dentists in the south-central region of the United States. The survey examined dentists' prescribing practices for patients with cardiac and prosthetic joint replacements, antibiotic regimen prescribed, confidence in their prescription decisions, and dentistry's contribution to antibiotic resistance...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684815/book-review-evidence-based-implant-dentistry
#15
P Sinnott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642563/root-canal-treatment-outcomes-not-affected-by-increasing-age-of-patient
#16
Y Jo Wong
Data sourcesMedline, Cochrane CENTRAL databases; most recent two years of seven journals: (Acta Odontologica Scandinavica; Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology; Gerodontology; International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Journal of Oral Rehabilitation; and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology).Study selectionTooth-based longitudinal prospective and retrospective studies, published in English from January 1950 to August 2013, assessing outcomes of NSRCT in adults with permanent teeth...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616088/effect-of-prophylactic-administration-of-novafen-for-periodontal-surgery-on-postoperative-pain-relief
#17
A Kashefimehr, A Babaloo, M Ghanizadeh, S H Ghasemi, H Mollazadeh
Pain is a subjective feeling and one of the defense and alerting mechanisms of the body, which is distinguished from the body senses, including touch sensation and perception of heat, cold, pressure, etc. Pain, discomfort, and edema are very common after dental procedures, especially after periodontal surgeries, usually occurring during the first 24 hours after surgery; such pains are classified as medium to severe pains. Generally, medications are used to manage patients' pain and discomfort. One of the most commonly used medications for pain control is Ibuprofen, which is one of the NSAIDs and is a simple derivative of phenylpropionic acid...
April 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584834/effectiveness-of-a-program-on-evidence-based-dentistry-in-dental-students
#18
Naghmeh Feyzi Najafi, Imaneh Asgari
INTRODUCTION: Evidence-based dentistry (EBD) is an approach to oral healthcare by combining the best scientific evidence and clinical diagnostics, clinical expertise of the dentist, and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an education program on EBD offered in a community-dentistry course in improving knowledge and attitudes of students in this regard. STUDY METHODS: By a quasi-experimental study design, 64 senior dental students of Islamic Azad University of Khorasgan recruited in a controlled trial...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578375/knowledge-aptitudes-and-preferences-in-implant-dentistry-teaching-training-among-undergraduate-dental-students-at-the-university-of-barcelona
#19
M-A Sánchez-Garcés, E Berástegui-Jimeno, C Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Oral implant rehabilitation should be considered a treatment option for any edentulous patient and Implant Dentistry is currently a discipline taught in the undergraduate formation. The level of knowledge acquired and how the students perceive the quality of training in Implant Dentistry could assess to know if it is necessary to improve the syllabus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was developed with 11 questions: Basic knowledge (7); Perception of training received (2); Ways in which students would receive training (2)...
July 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577643/the-science-and-art-of-evidence-based-pediatric-dentistry
#20
EDITORIAL
Donald L Chi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
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