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evidence based dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338027/molar-incisor-hypomineralisation
#1
Greig D Taylor
Data sourcesThe Medline and Embase databases and hand searches in the journals International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry and European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry.Study selectionEnglish language cohort and case-control studies.Data extraction and synthesisStudy selection was carried out independently by two reviewers with data abstraction being conducted by a single reviewer and checked by a second reviewer. Risk of bias was assessed using a modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Adjusted (aOR) and unadjusted odds ratios (uOR), P-values and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained from the studies...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332340/are-dental-students-ready-for-supercomplex-dental-practice
#2
D Leadbeatter, C Peck
Contemporary dental practice requires practitioners who are able to draw upon varying interconnected knowledge and skills, in order to make judgments and take action when faced with multiple, often contradictory, ways of interpreting a situation. However, the curricula that prepare students for dental practice are traditionally based on the theoretical knowledge and technical skills to be gained by students. This is despite evidence in the dental literature of a collective desire for graduates to have more range and depth in their repertoire...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288291/fundamentals-in-biostatistics-for-research-in-pediatric-dentistry-part-i-basic-concepts
#3
J A Garrocho-Rangel, M S Ruiz-Rodríguez, A J Pozos-Guillén
The purpose of this report was to provide the reader with some basic concepts in order to better understand the significance and reliability of the results of any article on Pediatric Dentistry. Currently, Pediatric Dentists need the best evidence available in the literature on which to base their diagnoses and treatment decisions for the children's oral care. Basic understanding of Biostatistics plays an important role during the entire Evidence-Based Dentistry (EBD) process. This report describes Biostatistics fundamentals in order to introduce the basic concepts used in statistics, such as summary measures, estimation, hypothesis testing, effect size, level of significance, p value, confidence intervals, etc...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281832/outcomes-of-introducing-early-learners-to-interprofessional-competencies-in-a-classroom-setting
#4
Kelly S Lockeman, Sharon K Lanning, Alan W Dow, Joseph A Zorek, Deborah DiazGranados, Carole K Ivey, Shawne Soper
PROBLEM: Although interprofessional practice is important for improving healthcare delivery, there is little evidence describing interprofessional education (IPE) outcomes beyond changes in attitudes and knowledge of prelicensure learners. More rigorous evaluation of early IPE is needed to determine its impact on teaching interprofessional collaborative practice and providing a solid foundation for applying collaborative skills in the clinical environment. INTERVENTION: First-year students (N = 679) in 7 health professions programs participated in a 4-session series focusing on professional roles and responsibilities, teams and teamwork, and the healthcare system...
March 10, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261930/an-approach-on-defining-competency-in-evidence-based-dentistry
#5
T A Marshall, C L Straub-Morarend, S Guzman-Armstrong, S C McKernan, L Marchini, N Q Handoo, M A Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of evidence-based dentistry (EBD) knowledge and behaviour is hampered by lack of explicit competency criteria. This void impedes instructional design and assessment of student growth during the educational process. METHODS: Knowledge and cognitive domains supporting educational objectives in a pre-doctoral dental programme were identified for each level of the EBD five-step process. We articulated educational objectives with behavioural expectations for each level of skill acquisition at each step of the EBD process...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259315/clinical-practice-guidelines-proposed-the-use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants-to-prevent-and-arrest-noncavitated-carious-lesions
#6
Chris Deery
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Evidence-based clinical practice guideline for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants: A report of the American Dental Association and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Wright JT, Crall JJ, Fontana M, Gillette EJ, Nový BB, Dhar V, Donly K, Hewlett ER, Quinonez RB, Chaffin J, Crespin M, Iafolla T, Siegal MD, Tampi MP, Graham L, Estrich C, Carrasco-Labra A. J Am Dent Assoc. 2016;147(8):672-82. SOURCE OF FUNDING: American Dental Association and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry...
March 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255752/is-there-enough-evidence-to-use-botulinum-toxin-injections-for-bruxism-management-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Giancarlo De la Torre Canales, Mariana Barbosa Câmara-Souza, Camilla Fraga do Amaral, Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia, Daniele Manfredini
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature assessing the effects of botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) injections in the management of bruxism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Search for articles involved the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane, Scielo and Lilacs databases. Specific terms were used and the search carried out from 1980 to March 2016 by three independent researchers. Randomized controlled studies (RCTs), prospective and before-after studies that applied BoNT-A at the masseter and/or temporalis muscles were included...
March 2, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250032/self-perceived-knowledge-skills-attitudes-and-use-of-evidence-based-dentistry-among-practitioners-transitioning-to-dental-educators
#8
Mae J Ciancio, Michelle M Lee, Nathaniel D Krumdick, Catherine Lencioni, Preetha P Kanjirath
Dental practitioners transitioning to dental educators (PTEs) have an integral role in dental education. While PTEs intrinsically apply some form of evidence-based dentistry (EBD) in patient care, it may not be a standardized, systematic approach. The aims of this study were to determine the self-perceived knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors of PTEs regarding EBD at one U.S. dental school and to identify areas where formal calibration may be warranted to facilitate their competence and confidence as dental educators...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236412/annual-review-of-selected-scientific-literature-report-of-the-committee-on-scientific-investigation-of-the-american-academy-of-restorative-dentistry
#9
REVIEW
Terence E Donovan, Riccardo Marzola, Kevin R Murphy, David R Cagna, Frederick Eichmiller, James R McKee, James E Metz, Jean-Pierre Albouy
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: It is clear the contemporary dentist is confronted with a blizzard of information regarding materials and techniques from journal articles, advertisements, newsletters, the internet, and continuing education events. While some of that information is sound and helpful, much of it is misleading at best. PURPOSE: This review identifies and discusses the most important scientific findings regarding outcomes of dental treatment to assist the practitioner in making evidence-based choices...
November 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229917/factors-related-to-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-students-in-health-professional-programs-a-scoping-review
#10
REVIEW
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick
BACKGROUND: Academic and professional drivers have stimulated interest in self-directed learning of students in pre-certification health professional programs. Particular attention has focussed on factors which may influence a students' readiness for self-directed learning. METHOD: A five stage structured scoping review of published literature was conducted to identify measures of self-directed learning readiness used with students in pre-certification health professional programs and those factors that have been investigated as potential determinants...
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224458/bridging-the-training-practice-gap-in-interprofessional-student-supervision
#11
Priya Martin, Saravana Kumar, LuJuana Abernathy
BACKGROUND: Workforce recruitment and retention issues are common in highly dispersed regions such as Queensland in Australia. Provision of student placements in these non-metropolitan areas is one way of promoting staff recruitment. However, healthcare professionals in these areas face a number of challenges in accessing training opportunities including student supervision training. Funding was made available to develop and run a series of targeted, evidence-based, interprofessional student supervision workshops in non-metropolitan Queensland...
February 21, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218025/dental-implants-and-incisor-bridge-placement-in-a-dog
#12
Rocco E Mele, Anthony Caiafa, Gregori M Kurtzman
Veterinary dentistry has tended to follow the trends and advancements in the human dental field. As for any procedure performed on a patient, whether human or animal, an informed decision is based on the available evidence regarding treatment options. This is certainly true for the more involved treatments in veterinary dentistry which can include the disciplines of endodontics and dental implantology. A number of published case reports have been accepted by the specialty that endodontic therapy is indeed a predictable and a valuable service that can be offered to pet owners...
December 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210454/managing-patients-taking-edoxaban-in-dentistry
#13
REVIEW
Adrian Curto, Daniel Curto, Jorge Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation therapy is used in several conditions to prevent or treat thromboembolism. A new group of oral anticoagulants with clear advantages over classic dicoumarin oral anticoagulants (warfarin and acenocoumarol) has been developed in recent years. The Food and Drug Administration has approved edoxaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban. Their advantages include: predictable pharmacokinetics, drug interactions and limited food, rapid onset of action and short half-life...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209159/do-coursework-summative-assessments-predict-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#14
Rebecca Terry, Wayne Hing, Robin Orr, Nikki Milne
BACKGROUND: Two goals of summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and critical review aims to investigate the ability of specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of health profession education students. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206888/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#15
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194783/fdi-policy-statement-on-evidence-based-dentistry-adopted-by-the-fdi-general-assembly-september-2016-poznan-poland
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184065/critical-appraisal-skills-teaching-in-uk-dental-schools
#17
B Hong, E Plugge
Key publications on training in dentistry, including the latest version of the General Dental Council learning outcomes for dentists, recognise the importance of teaching evidence-based practice for dental students. However, dental curriculum designers have considerable flexibility on the scope and approach for teaching evidence-based dentistry (EBD) and there is no readily available information showing how EBD is taught across the dental schools in the United Kingdom (UK). Critical appraisal is one of the key steps of evidence-based decision making and so we investigated through an electronic survey whether and how critical appraisal skills (CAS) are taught and assessed across the UK dental schools...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176433/role-models-and-professional-development-in-dentistry-an%C3%A2-important-resource-the-views-of-early-career-stage-dentists-at-one-academic-health-science-centre-in-england
#18
O Mohamed Osama, J E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: The importance of role models, and their differing influence in early, mid- and late careers, has been identified in the process of professional development of medical doctors. There is a paucity of evidence within dentistry on role models and their attributes. AIM: To explore the views of early career dentists on positive and negative role models across key phases of professional development, together with role models' attributes and perceived influence...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123272/identifying-murder-victims-with-endodontic-radiographs
#19
Rhonan Ferreira Silva, Ademir Franco, Solon Diego Santos Carvalho Mendes, Fernando Fortes Picoli, Fernando Gomes Nunes, Carlos Estrela
Endodontics is a special branch of dentistry constantly guided by imaging examinations. From a forensic scope, endodontics plays a valuable role providing solid antemortem (AM) radiographic evidence for comparison with postmortem findings in human identifications. This study illustrates the interface between endodontics and forensic odontology describing three cases of human identification based on radiographic endodontic records. From 2009 to 2012, three unknown male victims of murder were examined in a local Brazilian medico-legal institute to retrieve identity and potential cause of death...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120635/challenging-the-arbitrary-cutoff-score-of-60-standard-setting-evidence-from-preclinical-operative-dentistry-course
#20
M K Yousef, L Alshawwa, A Tekian, Y S Park
INTRODUCTION: This paper conducted standard setting (SS) (Angoff and Hofstee methods) to determine cutoff scores for summative examinations and to compare the derived passing levels to the existing fixed passing score of 60% in the Faculty of Dentistry at King Abdulaziz University. METHODS: Historic performance data for final examinations in preclinical Operative Dentistry course were used by four raters to conduct both Angoff and Hofstee methods to determine the cut off scores for three academic years (2012, 2013, and 2014)...
January 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
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