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Eph receptor

Dong-Hee Choi, Jin-Hee Ahn, In-Ae Choi, Ji-Hye Kim, Bo-Ram Kim, Jongmin Lee
Recent evidence indicates that the ephrin receptors and ephrin ligands (Eph/ephrin) expression modulates axonal reorganization and synaptic plasticity in stroke recovery. To investigate the effect of task-specific training (TST) on Eph/ephrin expression in the corticospinal tract (CST) after stroke, we compared Eph/ephrin expression in the peri-infarct cortex, pyramid, and spinal cord of the photothrombotic stroke rats treated with or without TST. The TST treatment showed significantly better recovery in the behavioral tests...
October 19, 2016: BMB Reports
Xiaolei Wang, Jian Sun, Chaocui Li, Bingyu Mao
Eph receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and their ephrin ligands play multiple roles in the developing nervous system, including cell segregation, axon guidance and synaptic plasticity. Here we report the expression and function of EphA7 in Xenopus hindbrain development. EphA7 is specifically expressed in the hindbrain throughout neurulation in Xenopus embryos. Knockdown of EphA7 by specific morpholino oligonucleotide (MO) disrupted cranial neural tube closure and disturbed apical constriction of hindbrain neuroepithelial cells, indicating weakened cell surface tension...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Hongxu Zhang, Jianguang Zhong, Zhenyu Bian, Xiang Fang, You Peng, Yongping Hu
BACKGROUND: Evidences have identified the correlation of 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase-1 (OGG1) and eph-receptor tyrosine kinase-type A2 (EPHA2) polymorphisms in age-related cataract (ARC) risk. However, the results were not consistent. The objective of this study was to examine the role of these two gene polymorphisms in ARC susceptibility. METHODS: Eligible case-control studies published between January 2000 and 2015 were searched and retrieved in the electronic databases...
September 29, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Shudong Gu, Jia Feng, Qin Jin, Wei Wang, Shu Zhang
Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is the third most common cancer and a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. The prognosis of patients has improved markedly over the last 15 years because of the introduction of new therapy including molecular target drugs. To comprehensively understand the molecular process of carcinogenesis of colorectal carcinoma is essential for the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. EphA5 is a member of the Eph family and plays a critical role in carcinogenesis of lung cancer, prostate cancer, and breast cancer...
September 21, 2016: Histology and Histopathology
Changyu Zhou, Jiayu Li, Jiarui Li, Yingchun Wan, Tao Li, Piyong Ma, Yingjian Wang, Haiyan Sang
The aim of the present study was to identify the differentially expressed microRNAs (DEMs) between Lynch syndrome (LS) and the normal colonic (N-C) control samples, predict the target genes (TGs) and analyze the potential functions of the DEMs and TGs. The miRNA expression dataset GSE30454, which included data of 13 LS and 20 N-C tissue samples, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus. The classical t-test in Linear Models for Microarray Data package was used for DEM identification. TG prediction was performed using 5 databases...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Thomas N Gaitanos, Jorg Koerner, Ruediger Klein
Ephrin receptors interact with membrane-bound ephrin ligands to regulate contact-mediated attraction or repulsion between opposing cells, thereby influencing tissue morphogenesis. Cell repulsion requires bidirectional trans-endocytosis of clustered Eph-ephrin complexes at cell interfaces, but the mechanisms underlying this process are poorly understood. Here, we identified an actin-regulating pathway allowing ephrinB(+) cells to trans-endocytose EphB receptors from opposing cells. Live imaging revealed Rac-dependent F-actin enrichment at sites of EphB2 internalization, but not during vesicle trafficking...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Cell Biology
Xiaolin Wang, Haifei Xu, Guangxin Cao, Zhijun Wu, Jiandong Wang
BACKGROUND: Erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular carcinoma (Eph) receptors constitute the largest family of receptor tyrosine kinases. Ephs and their ligands ephrins play an important role in development and carcinogenesis. The expression of EphA3, an Eph family member, has been investigated in a variety of human cancers, with mixed results. High levels of EphA3 protein expression have been reported in colorectal, prostate, and gastric cancers, whereas loss of protein expression has been reported in lung and hematopoietic cancers...
August 8, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Candace Johnson, Briana Segovia, Raj P Kandpal
Erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular carcinoma cell (EPH) receptors comprise the most abundant receptor tyrosine kinase family characterized to date in mammals including humans. These proteins are involved in axon guidance, tissue organization, vascular development and the intricate process of various diseases including cancer. These diverse functions of EPH receptors are attributed, in part, to their abilities for heterodimerization. While the interacting partners of kinase-deficient EPHB6 receptor have been characterized, the interaction of the kinase-dead EPHA10 with any other receptor has not been identified...
September 2016: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
Aleksandra Jurek, Maria Genander, Parag Kundu, Timothy Catchpole, Xiao He, Klas Strååt, Hanna Sabelström, Nan-Jie Xu, Sven Pettersson, Mark Henkemeyer, Jonas Frisén
Cancer often arises by the constitutive activation of mitogenic pathways by mutations in stem cells. Eph receptors are unusual in that although they regulate the proliferation of stem/progenitor cells in many adult organs, they typically fail to transform cells. Multiple ephrins and Eph receptors are often co-expressed and are thought to be redundant, but we here describe an unexpected dichotomy with two homologous ligands, ephrin-B1 and ephrin-B2, regulating specifically migration or proliferation in the intestinal stem cell niche...
October 15, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Xiaoping Liu, Ying Hu, Xiaoxia Liu, Yanfang Zheng, Minglian Luo, Weifang Liu, Yin Zhao, Li Zou
PROBLEM: Preeclampsia is characterized by endothelial activation and excessive inflammation, of which interferon (IFN)-γ is a potent inducer. Eph receptor B4 (EPHB4) also involved in endothelial activation in inflammation. Their role and relationship in preeclampsia remain unclear. METHOD OF STUDY: Intercellular adhesion molecular (ICAM)-1 was employed as the hallmark of endothelial activation. The serum levels of IFN-γ and the expression of EPHB4 and ICAM-1 were assessed by ELISA, qRT-PCR and WB, respectively...
October 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Ji Young Hong, Mi Hwa Shin, Ivor S Douglas, Kyung Soo Chung, Eun Young Kim, Ji Ye Jung, Young Ae Kang, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Young Sam Kim, Moo Suk Park
Eph-Ephrin signalling mediates various cellular processes, including vasculogenesis, angiogenesis, cell migration, axon guidance, fluid homoeostasis and repair after injury. Although previous studies have demonstrated that stimulation of the EphA receptor induces increased vascular permeability and inflammatory response in lung injury, the detailed mechanisms of EphA2 signalling are unknown. In the present study, we evaluated the role of EphA2 signalling in mice with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Michal Sheleg, Qili Yu, Christine Go, George C Wagner, Alexander Kusnecov, Renping Zhou
During development of the nervous system, molecular signals mediating cell-cell interactions play critical roles in the guidance of axonal growth and establishment of synaptic functions. The Eph family of tyrosine kinase receptors and their ephrin ligands has been shown to mediate neuronal interactions in the development of topographic axon projection maps in several brain regions, and the loss of Eph activities result in defects in select axonal pathways. However, effects of deficiencies of the Eph signals on animal behavior have not been well documented...
August 18, 2016: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
Ghazal Efazat, Metka Novak, Vitaliy O Kaminskyy, Luigi De Petris, Lena Kanter, Therese Juntti, Per Bergman, Boris Zhivotovsky, Rolf Lewensohn, Petra Hååg, Kristina Viktorsson
Ephrin receptors (Ephs) are reported to control metastatic signaling of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and other tumors. Here we show for the first time that blocking expression of the Eph ligand Ephrin B3 inhibits NSCLC cell migration and invasion. We demonstrate that Ephrin B3 directly binds the EphAs EphA2, EphA3, EphA4, and EphA5. EphA2 Ser897 was previously shown to drive migration propensity of tumor cells and our study reveals that EphA2 stays phosphorylated on Ser897 in the Ephrin B3/EphA2 complex in NSCLC cells of different histology...
August 11, 2016: Oncotarget
Yujia Wang, Pavel Hamet, Eric Thorin, Johanne Tremblay, John Raelson, Zenghui Wu, Hongyu Luo, Wei Jin, Julie L Lavoie, Junzheng Peng, Francois-Christophe Marois-Blanchet, Muhammad Ramzan Tahir, John Chalmers, Mark Woodward, Stephen Harrap, Shijie Qi, Charles Yibin Li, Jiangping Wu
Ephrin B2 (EFNB2) is a ligand for erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular kinases (EPH), the largest family of receptor tyrosine kinases. It has critical functions in many biological systems, but is not known to regulate blood pressure. We generated mice with a smooth muscle cell (SMC)-specific deletion of EFNB2 and investigated its roles in blood pressure regulation and vascular SMC (VSMC) contractility. Male Efnb2 knockout (KO) mice presented reduced blood pressure, whereas female KO mice had no such reduction...
August 17, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Lakmali Atapattu, Nayanendu Saha, Chanly Chheang, Moritz F Eissman, Kai Xu, Mary E Vail, Linda Hii, Carmen Llerena, Zhanqi Liu, Katja Horvay, Helen E Abud, Ulrike Kusebauch, Robert L Moritz, Bi-Sen Ding, Zhongwei Cao, Shahin Rafii, Matthias Ernst, Andrew M Scott, Dimitar B Nikolov, Martin Lackmann, Peter W Janes
The transmembrane metalloprotease ADAM10 sheds a range of cell surface proteins, including ligands and receptors of the Notch, Eph, and erbB families, thereby activating signaling pathways critical for tumor initiation and maintenance. ADAM10 is thus a promising therapeutic target. Although widely expressed, its activity is normally tightly regulated. We now report prevalence of an active form of ADAM10 in tumors compared with normal tissues, in mouse models and humans, identified by our conformation-specific antibody mAb 8C7...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Sara Ferluga, Carla Maria Lema Tomé, Denise Mazess Herpai, Ralph D'Agostino, Waldemar Debinski
Eph tyrosine kinase receptors are frequently overexpressed and functional in many cancers, and they are attractive candidates for targeted therapy. Here, we analyzed the expression of Eph receptor A3, one of the most up-regulated factors in glioblastoma cells cultured under tumorsphere-forming conditions, together with EphA2 and EphB2 receptors. EphA3 was overexpressed in up to 60% of glioblastoma tumors tested, but not in normal brain. EphA3 was localized in scattered areas of the tumor, the invasive ring, and niches near tumor vessels...
August 1, 2016: Oncotarget
Gitanjali Das, Qili Yu, Ryan Hui, Kenneth Reuhl, Nicholas W Gale, Renping Zhou
BACKGROUND: The Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases plays important roles in neural development. Previous studies have implicated Eph receptors and their ligands, the ephrins, in neuronal migration, axon bundling and guidance to specific targets, dendritic spine formation and neural plasticity. However, specific contributions of EphA5 and EphA6 receptors to the regulation of neuronal cell morphology have not been well studied. RESULTS: Here we show that deletion of EphA5 and EphA6 results in abnormal Golgi staining patterns of cells in the brain, and abnormal spine morphology...
2016: Cell & Bioscience
Alvin Kung, Ying-Chu Chen, Marianne Schimpl, Feng Ni, Jianfa Zhu, Maurice Turner, Henrik Molina, Ross Overman, Chao Zhang
Erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular carcinoma (Eph) receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) regulate a variety of dynamic cellular events, including cell protrusion, migration, proliferation, and cell-fate determination. Small-molecule inhibitors of Eph kinases are valuable tools for dissecting the physiological and pathological roles of Eph. However, there is a lack of small-molecule inhibitors that are selective for individual Eph isoforms due to the high homology within the family. Herein, we report the development of the first potent and specific inhibitors of a single Eph isoform, EphB3...
August 24, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Oliver A Krupke, Ivona Zysk, Dan O Mellott, Robert D Burke
The mechanisms that underlie directional cell migration are incompletely understood. Eph receptors usually guide migrations of cells by exclusion from regions expressing Ephrin. In sea urchin embryos, pigmented immunocytes are specified in vegetal epithelium, transition to mesenchyme, migrate, and re-enter ectoderm, distributing in dorsal ectoderm and ciliary band, but not ventral ectoderm. Immunocytes express Sp-Eph and Sp-Efn is expressed throughout dorsal and ciliary band ectoderm. Interfering with expression or function of Sp-Eph results in rounded immunocytes entering ectoderm but not adopting a dendritic form...
2016: ELife
Andréanne Blondeau, Jean-François Lucier, Dominick Matteau, Lauralyne Dumont, Sébastien Rodrigue, Pierre-Étienne Jacques, Richard Blouin
BACKGROUND: Recent genetic studies in model organisms, such as Drosophila, C. elegans and mice, have highlighted a critical role for dual leucine zipper kinase (DLK) in neural development and axonal responses to injury. However, exactly how DLK fulfills these functions remains to be determined. Using RNA-seq profiling, we evaluated the global changes in gene expression that are caused by shRNA-mediated knockdown of endogenous DLK in differentiated Neuro-2a neuroblastoma cells. RESULTS: Our analysis led to the identification of numerous up- and down-regulated genes, among which several were found to be associated with system development and axon guidance according to gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses, respectively...
2016: Neural Development
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