keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sedation monitoring

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219810/continuous-electroencephalography-in-a-mixed-non-neurological-intensive-care-population-an-observational-study
#1
Patrick Schramm, Judyta Luczak, Kristin Engelhard, Jasmin El Shazly, Martin Juenemann, Marlene Tschernatsch
PURPOSE: Continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) improves monitoring of the brain in unconscious patients, but implementation at ICU is difficult. The present investigation shows a way to introduce cEEG at an anesthesiological ICU and discusses the first experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analyzed the feasibility of cEEG, assessed the interpretable cEEG time, importance of automatic seizure detection, the incidence of seizures, the predominant background EEG activity, incidence of delirium and mortality...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217052/topical-versus-caudal-ketamine-bupivacaine-combination-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-children-undergoing-inguinal-herniotomy
#2
Hala Saad Abdel-Ghaffar, Seham Mohamed Moeen, Ahmed Mohamed Moeen
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies claim that caudal administration of ketamine causes effective postoperative analgesia. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical effectiveness of ketamine after caudal or topical administration in pediatric patients undergoing inguinal herniotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized, comparative, double-blind study included eighty children (aged 6 months to 6 years) received either 1 ml/kg of 0.25% bupivacaine/ketamine 0.5 mg/kg for caudal analgesia (caudal group) or 0...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216706/monitored-anaesthesia-care-comparison-of-nalbuphine-dexmedetomidine-versus-nalbuphine-propofol-for-middle-ear-surgeries-a-double-blind-randomised-trial
#3
Srinivasa Rao Nallam, Sunil Chiruvella, Anjineswar Reddy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Middle ear surgeries (MESs) are usually performed under sedation with local anaesthesia and can be well tolerated by the patient with minimal discomfort. In the present study, we compare the effect of nalbuphine/dexmedetomidine combination with nalbuphine/propofol on sedation and analgesia in monitored anaesthesia care. METHODS: One hundred adult patients undergoing MESs under monitored anaesthesia care (MAC) were randomly allocated into two groups...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212147/monitoring-hospitalized-adult-patients-for-opioid-induced-sedation-and-respiratory-depression
#4
Carla R Jungquist, Kirsten Smith, Kelly L Wiltse Nicely, Rosemary C Polomano
: Opioid analgesics are commonly administered to hospitalized patients to treat acute pain, but these drugs put patients at risk for serious adverse events, such as unintended advancing sedation, respiratory depression, and death. Nurses play an important role in keeping patients safe by making clinical decisions about the frequency and intensity with which patients receiving IV and epidural opioids should be monitored. To make sound clinical judgments, nurses must be aware of the factors that place patients at elevated risk for adverse opioid-related effects and know how to screen and assess patients for these risks...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210094/endoscopic-ultrasound-sedation-in-the-united-kingdom-is-life-without-propofol-tolerable
#5
Jennifer Anne Campbell, Andrew James Irvine, Andrew Derek Hopper
There is compelling evidence to support the quality, cost effectiveness and safety profile of non-anesthesiologist-administered propofol for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). However in the United Kingdom, it is recommended that the administration and monitoring of propofol sedation for endoscopic procedures should be the responsibility of a dedicated and appropriately trained anaesthetist only. The majority of United Kingdom EUS procedures are performed with opiate and benzodiazepine sedation rather than anaesthetist led propofol lists due to anaesthetist resource availability...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206886/guideline-for-monitoring-and-management-of-pediatric-patients-before-during-and-after-sedation-for-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-procedures-update-2016
#6
(no author information available yet)
The safe sedation of children for procedures requires a systematic approach that includes the following: no administration of sedating medication without the safety net of medical/dental supervision, careful presedation evaluation for underlying medical or surgical conditions that would place the child at increased risk from sedating medications, appropriate fasting for elective procedures and a balance between the depth of sedation and risk for those who are unable to fast because of the urgent nature of the procedure, a focused airway examination for large (kissing) tonsils or anatomic airway abnormalities that might increase thepotential for airway obstruction, a clear understanding of the medication's pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects and drug interactions, appropriate training and skills in airway management to allow rescue of the patient, age- and size-appropriate equipment for airway management and venous access, appropriate medications and reversal agents, sufficient numbers of staff to both carry out the procedure and monitor the patient, appropriate physiologic monitoring during and after the procedure, a properly equipped and staffed recovery area, recovery to the presedation level of consciousness before discharge from medical/dental supervision, and appropriate discharge instructions...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197291/postoperative-right-ventricular-failure-in-cardiac-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Victor H Nieto Estrada, Daniel L Molano Franco, Albert A Valencia Moreno, Jose A Rojas Gambasica, Cristian C Cortes Nunez
Two cases of patients that developed right ventricular failure (RVF) after cardiac valve surgery are presented with a narrative revision of the literature. RVF involves a great challenge due to the severity of this condition; it has a low incidence among non-congenital cardiac surgery patients, is more likely associated with cardiovascular and pulmonary complications related to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and is a cause of acute graft failure and of a higher early mortality in cardiac transplant. The morphologic and hemodynamic characteristics of the right ventricle and some specific factors that breed pulmonary hypertension after cardiac surgery are in favor of the onset of RVF...
December 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190788/a-comparison-of-cardiopulmonary-effects-and-anaesthetic-requirements-of-two-dexmedetomidine-continuous-rate-infusions-in-alfaxalone-anaesthetized-greyhounds
#8
Setefilla Quirós-Carmona, Rocío Navarrete, Juan M Domínguez, María Del Mar Granados, Rafael J Gómez-Villamandos, Pilar Muñoz-Rascón, Daniel Aguilar, Francisco J Funes, Juan Morgaz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of two dexmedetomidine continuous rate infusions on the minimum infusion rate of alfaxalone for total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA), and subsequent haemodynamic and recovery effects in Greyhounds undergoing laparoscopic ovariohysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized and blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty-four female Greyhounds. METHODS: Dogs were premedicated with dexmedetomidine 3 μg kg(-1) and methadone 0...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190438/therapeutic-hypothermia-protocols
#9
N Badjatia
The application of targeted temperature management has become common practice in the neurocritical care setting. It is important to recognize the pathophysiologic mechanisms by which temperature control impacts acute neurologic injury, as well as the clinical limitations to its application. Nonetheless, when utilizing temperature modulation, an organized approach is required in order to avoid complications and minimize side-effects. The most common clinically relevant complications are related to the impact of cooling on hemodynamics and electrolytes...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187815/principles-of-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-and-treatment
#10
M Czosnyka, J D Pickard, L A Steiner
Intracranial pressure (ICP) is governed by volumes of intracranial blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and brain tissue. Expansion of any of these volumes will trigger compensatory changes in the other compartments, resulting in initially limited change in ICP. Due to the rigid skull, once compensatory mechanisms are exhausted, ICP rises very rapidly. Intracranial hypertension is associated with unfavorable outcome in brain-injured patients. This chapter discusses the pathophysiology of raised ICP, as well as typical waveforms, monitoring techniques, and clinical management...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187794/continuous-eeg-monitoring-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#11
G B Young, J Mantia
The purpose and indications for continuous electroencephalography monitoring (CEEG) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients include seizure detection, monitoring the effects of treatment (including depth of sedation), grading and classification of EEG abnormalities, ischemia detection and prognostication. Practical considerations of ICU CEEG include: choice of montages (patterns of electrode placement and connections), EEG electrodes, recognition of artifacts, and the use of automated or computerized analysis...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182021/procedural-moderate-sedation-with-ketamine-in-pediatric-critical-care-unit
#12
Tarek R Hazwani, Hala Al-Alem
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of moderate sedation in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) settings according to moderate sedation protocol using ketamine and midazolam and to determine areas for the improvement in our clinical practice. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted in the PICU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for patients who had received moderate sedation between January and the end of December 2011 and who are eligible to inclusion criteria...
January 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181898/-placement-of-nasoenteral-feeding-tubes-by-nurses
#13
T H Mungroop, A Gerritsen, A Duflou, O R Busch, E M Mathus-Vliegen, M G Besselink
Electromagnetic-guided placement of nasoenteral feeding tubes by nurses is an alternative to endoscopic placement by gastroenterologists. During placement, the electromagnetic signal that is emitted by the tip of the guidewire enables visualisation of the position of the tube on a portable monitor. The procedure can be performed by a trained endoscopy nurse at the bedside of the patient. This could have logistic advantages, as the patient transport is not necessary and confirmation of the position of the tube by an abdominal X-ray is not required...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177568/the-influence-of-parents-voice-on-the-consumption-of-propofol-for-pediatric-procedural-sedation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Eva Tschiedel, Victoria Heck, Ursula Felderhoff-Mueser, Christian Dohna-Schwake
BACKGROUND: In pediatric patients, invasive procedures such as the insertion of a central venous catheter or gastroscopy require deep sedation. It is unknown whether listening to parental voice during deep sedation in children can reduce sedative doses. AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to determine the effect of listening to a parent's voice during deep sedation on consumption of sedatives in children. METHODS: Fifty children aged 2-14 years undergoing central line placement or gastroscopy under deep sedation with propofol were randomly assigned to two groups: (A) listening or (B) not listening their parents' recorded voice reading a standardized text by the use of earphones...
February 8, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177205/monitoring-depth-of-sedation-evaluating-the-agreement-between-the-bispectral-index-qcon-and-the-entropy-module-s-state-entropy-during-flexible-bronchoscopy
#15
Johannes N Müller, Matthias Kreuzer, Paul S García, Gerhard Schneider, Hubert Hautmann
BACKGROUND: We investigated the correlation and agreement of three depth of anesthesia indices, bispectral index (BIS), qCON and state entropy (SE), during propofol sedation, because there is extensive literature that deals with the comparability of these indices during general anesthesia, but not during sedation. METHODS: We recorded electroencephalogram (EEG) and SE trend data, using the Entropy Module from 21 patients who underwent elective bronchoscopy with target-controlled infusion of propofol...
8, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177167/ketamine-as-an-adjunct-to-opioids-for-acute-pain-in-the-emergency-department-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Karen J Bowers, Kelly B McAllister, Meredith Ray, Corey Heitz
OBJECTIVES: This study had five objectives: 1) to measure and compare total opioid use and number of opioid doses in patients treated with opioids versus ketamine in conjunction with opioids. 2) To measure pain scores up to 2 hours after presentation in the ED patient with pain, comparing standard opioid pain control to ketamine in conjunction with opioids. 3) To compare patient satisfaction with pain control using opioids alone versus ketamine in conjunction with opioids. 4) To monitor and compare side effects in patients treated with opioids versus ketamine in conjunction with opioids...
February 8, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173778/combined-cumulative-sum-cusum-and-chronological-environmental-analysis-as-a-tool-to-improve-the-learning-environment-for-linear-probe-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-ebus-tbna-trainees-a-pilot-study
#17
Yasuhiro Norisue, Yasuharu Tokuda, Mayrol Juarez, Ryo Uchimido, Shigeki Fujitani, David A Stoeckel
BACKGROUND: Cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis can be used to continuously monitor the performance of an individual or process and detect deviations from a preset or standard level of achievement. However, no previous study has evaluated the utility of CUSUM analysis in facilitating timely environmental assessment and interventions to improve performance of linear-probe endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of combined CUSUM and chronological environmental analysis as a tool to improve the learning environment for EBUS-TBNA trainees...
February 7, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171856/the-safety-of-laryngeal-mask-airway-assisted-bronchoscopy-versus-standard-nasal-bronchoscopy
#18
Daniel Alon, Barak Pertzov, Evgeni Gershman, Miryam Frishman, Nader Abdel Rahman, Dror Rosengarten, Mordechai R Kramer
BACKGROUND: The use of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for fiberoptic bronchoscopy was first described in 1982. The LMA was found to be beneficial in operator view, flexibility, and also in maintaining stable oxygen saturation. Despite its advantages, the use of LMA has not become widespread. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the safety of LMA-assisted bronchoscopy compared to standard nasal bronchoscopy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective randomized trial...
February 8, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171804/hemodynamic-and-neuro-monitoring-for-neurocritically-ill-patients-an-international-survey-of-intensivists
#19
Sanjeev Sivakumar, Fabio S Taccone, Mohammed Rehman, Holly Hinson, Neeraj Naval, Christos Lazaridis
PURPOSE: To investigate multimodality systemic and neuro-monitoring practices in acute brain injury (ABI) and to analyze differences among "neurointensivists" (NI; clinical practice comprised >1/3 by neurocritical care), and other intensivists (OI). METHODS: Anonymous 22-question Web-based survey among physician members of SCCM and ESICM. RESULTS: Six hundred fifty-five responded (66% completion rate); 422 (65%) were OI, and 226 (35%) were NI...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168412/neuroprognostication-after-adult-cardiac-arrest-treated-with-targeted-temperature-management-task-force-for-belgian-recommendations
#20
Fabio Silvio Taccone, Ingrid Baar, Cathy De Deyne, Patrick Druwe, Benjamin Legros, Geert Meyfroidt, Michel Ossemann, Nicolas Gaspard
The prognosis of patients who are admitted to the hospital after cardiac arrest often relies on neurological examination, which could be significantly influenced by the use of sedative drugs or the implementation of targeted temperature management. The need for early and accurate prognostication is crucial as up to 15-20% of patients could be considered as having a poor outcome and may undergo withdrawal of life-sustaining therapies while a complete neurological recovery is still possible. As current practice in Belgium is still based on a very early assessment of neurological function in these patients, the Belgian Society of Intensive Care Medicine created a multidisciplinary Task Force to provide an optimal approach for monitoring and refine prognosis of CA survivors...
February 6, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
keyword
keyword
36848
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"