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Urinary symptoms and depression

Joao P Zambon, Catherine Ann Matthews, Gopal H Badlani
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common symptom affecting almost one-third of adult women. UI can occur because of hypermobility or intrinsic sphincter deficiency of the urethra. Regardless its etiology, it is associated with poor quality of life and most of the incontinent women develop symptoms such as anxiety, depression, and social isolation over time. The synthetic midurethral sling (MUS) was first introduced in 1995 and quickly became the gold standard treatment for women with stress UI because of intrinsic sphincter deficiency and/or urethral hypermobility...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
Juan Va Franco, Tarek Turk, Jae Hung Jung, Yu-Tian Xiao, Stanislav Iakhno, Virginia Garrote, Valeria Vietto
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common disorder in which the two main clinical features are pelvic pain and lower urinary tract symptoms. There are currently many approaches for its management, using both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. The National Institute of Health - Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score is a validated measure commonly used to measure CP/CPPS symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological therapies for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS)...
May 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Giulio Disanto, Chiara Zecca, Sharon MacLachlan, Rosaria Sacco, Lahiru Handunnetthi, Ute C Meier, Alex Simpson, Laura McDonald, Andrea Rossi, Pascal Benkert, Jens Kuhle, Sreeram V Ramagopalan, Claudio Gobbi
OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis and treatment initiation significantly influence long term disability outcome in multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed at identifying prodromal symptoms of MS in primary care settings. METHODS: This was a nested case-control study comparing the occurrence of various symptoms in MS patients vs controls at 0-2, 2-5 and 5-10 years before index date (first MS record). A total of 10,204 incident MS cases were identified within the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) between 01/01/1987 and 28/02/2016 (median (IQR) age=47 (39-57) years, females=7,308 (71...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Neurology
David Bock, Eva Angenete, Elisabeth Gonzales, Jane Heath, Eva Haglind
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the urinary, bowel and sexual function as well as stress symptoms and depression in a sample of the Swedish population. DESIGN: A random sample of Swedish men and women in age groups from 30 to 89 years, a total of 3000 individuals, were contacted and after receiving informed consent, a questionnaire was sent. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Measures of urinary, bowel, sexual function and quality of life. RESULTS: The questionnaire was sent to 2094 individuals who gave informed consent...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
Nazema Y Siddiqui, Jonathan B Wiseman, David Cella, Catherine S Bradley, H Henry Lai, Margaret E Helmuth, Abigail R Smith, James W Griffith, Cindy L Amundsen, Kimberly S Kenton, J Quentin Clemens, Karl J Kreder, Robert M Merion, Ziya Kirkali, John W Kusek, Anne P Cameron
PURPOSE: To examine how mental health measures, sleep, and physical function are associated with presence and type of urinary incontinence (UI) and severity in women seeking treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). METHODS: This is a baseline cross-sectional analysis in treatment-seeking women with LUTS. All participants completed the LUTS Tool, which was used to classify women based on UI symptoms and measure severity. Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) questionnaires for depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance, and physical function; the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS); and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ-SF) were administered...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Urology
Alessandro Sciarra, Alessandro Gentilucci, Stefano Salciccia, Magnus Von Heland, Giam Piero Ricciuti, Vittorio Marzio, Federico Pierella, Daniela Musio, Vincenzo Tombolini, Viviana Frantellizzi, Massimo Pasquini, Annalisa Maraone, Alessio Guandalini, Martina Maggi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to comparatively evaluate the psychological and functional effect of different primary treatments in patients with prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We conducted a single-center prospective non randomized study in a real-life setting using functional and psychological questionnaires in prostate cancer cases submitted to radical prostatectomy, external radiotherapy, or active surveillance. Totally, 220 cases were evaluated at baseline and during the follow-up at 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-month interval after therapy...
April 26, 2018: Urologic Oncology
Kevin M Hellman, Avisek Datta, Nicole D Steiner, Julia N Kane Morlock, Ellen F Garrison, Daniel J Clauw, Frank F Tu
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is a common risk factor for chronic pain conditions including bladder pain syndrome. Few studies have formally evaluated asymptomatic bladder pain sensitivity in dysmenorrhea, and whether this largely reflects excess pelvic symptom reporting due to comorbid psychological dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether bladder hypersensitivity is more common among women reporting moderate or greater dysmenorrhea, without chronic pain elsewhere, after accounting for anxiety and depression...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Houyam Tibar, Khalil El Bayad, Ahmed Bouhouche, El Hachmia Ait Ben Haddou, Ali Benomar, Mohamed Yahyaoui, Abdelhamid Benazzouz, Wafa Regragui
Background: Non-motor symptoms (NMSs) are a real burden in Parkinson's disease (PD). They may appear in early pre-symptomatic stage as well as throughout the disease course. However, their relationship with the deterioration of the patient's quality of life (QoL) is still under debate. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of NMSs and their impact on the QoL in a cohort of Moroccan patients. Methods: We carried out a cross-transactional study, where a total of 117 patients were submitted to a structured clinical interview and examination investigating motor and NMSs based on common and conventional scales...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Athena Enderami, Rose Fouladi, Seyed Hamzeh Hosseini
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS). MS with episode of psychosis is a rare entity, and to the best of our knowledge, no case has been reported from Iran till date. Case presentation: We report a case of MS with first-episode psychosis in a 27-year-old single man with no history of psychiatric disorder or drug abuse. The patient developed neurological symptoms after 3 months and was finally diagnosed as a case of MS...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Luis M Valderrama-Hinds, Soham Al Snih, Nai-Wei Chen, Martin A Rodriguez, Rebeca Wong
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of disability, morbidity, institutionalization, and mortality in older adults. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine the risk factors for falls among Mexican older adults aged 60 years and older. METHODS: This study included 6247 participants and their spouse or partner aged 60 years and older from the Mexican Health and Aging Study, an ongoing longitudinal study (2001-2012) conducted in Mexico...
April 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Espérance Kashala-Abotnes, Marie-Thérèse Sombo, Daniel L Okitundu, Marcel Kunyu, Guy Bumoko Makila-Mabe, Thorkild Tylleskär, Alla Sikorskii, Jean-Pierre Banea, Dieudonné Mumba Ngoyi, Désiré Tshala-Katumbay, Michael J Boivin
BACKGROUND: Dietary cyanogen exposure from ingesting bitter (toxic) cassava as a main source of food in sub-Saharan Africa is related to neurological impairments in sub-Saharan Africa. We explored possible association with early child neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: We undertook a cross-sectional neurodevelopmental assessment of 12-48 month-old children using the Mullen Scale of Early Learning (MSEL) and the Gensini Gavito Scale (GGS). We used the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-10 (HSCL-10) and Goldberg Depression Anxiety Scale (GDAS) to screen for symptoms of maternal depression-anxiety...
2018: PloS One
Bryce B Reeve, Xianming Tan, Ronald C Chen, Deborah S Usinger, Laura C Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer seek information on how treatment options may impact their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The authors used latent profile analysis (LPA) to group men according to their symptom burden and functional status and to identify patient characteristics associated with each HRQOL profile. METHODS: Patients completed the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System and the Expanded Prostate Index Composite measures 3 months after treatment initiation...
April 16, 2018: Cancer
Seongmi Moon, Juhye Jin, Sang Hyeon Cheon, Sungchan Park, Sun-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the influence of how patients with prostate cancer perceive emotional support from their spouses on their treatment-related symptoms. AIMS: To explore the influence of marital intimacy on urinary and sexual symptoms. METHODS: The research participants were 42 men diagnosed with prostate cancer recruited from a convenience sample from a university hospital in South Korea. The Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite, the Korean Marital Intimacy Scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used to measure variables of interest...
April 15, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Rabab Tarasse, Emar F Vogelaar, D A Janneke Dijck-Brouwer, Frits A J Muskiet
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a heterogeneous disease with unknown cause(s). CFS symptoms resemble a hypothyroid state, possibly secondary to chronic (low-grade) (metabolic) inflammation. We studied 98 CFS patients (21-69 years, 21 males) and 99 age- and sex-matched controls (19-65 years, 23 males). We measured parameters of thyroid function, (metabolic) inflammation, gut wall integrity and nutrients influencing thyroid function and/or inflammation. Most remarkably, CFS patients exhibited similar thyrotropin, but lower free triiodothyronine (FT3) (difference of medians 0...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Lara Stockil, Judith Thompson, Kathy Briffa, Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Leon Straker, Peter O'Sullivan, Angela Jacques
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urogenital symptoms are prevalent in older women, but there is little data available on the prevalence, bother, impact and associations with low back pain (LBP), obesity, parity, mental health (MH) and quality of life (QOL) in young women. Our aim was to determine the prevalence, bother and impact of urogenital symptoms and to explore associations with LBP, obesity, parity, MH and QOL in 22 year-old women. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional evaluation using data collected from 588 women in the Raine Study, a pregnancy cohort in which participants have been regularly followed up from birth until 22 years...
March 26, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Eric S Zhou, Karen Clark, Christopher J Recklitis, Richard Obenchain, Matthew Loscalzo
PURPOSE: Cancer patients are likely to experience sleep problems. Understanding their perception of sleep problems is important as subjective symptom experience is associated with treatment-seeking behavior. We explored the prevalence of sleep problems and its correlates in a large sample of cancer patients at an important but understudied stage of their cancer journey: prior to initiating treatment. METHODS: Cancer patients (5702) (67.5% female; 76.9% White; 23...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Ranjana Jairam, Jamie Drossaerts, Desiree Vrijens, Carsten Leue, Philip van Kerrebroeck, Gommert van Koeveringe
AIMS: Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is an effective treatment for patients with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) or non-obstructive urinary retention (NOR). These lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are the result of a functional urological cause but often coincide with psychological and/or psychiatric factors. It has been stated that there is an association between LUTS, depression and anxiety disorders. With this study we will investigate whether affective symptoms and quality of life (QoL) improve after successful SNM...
March 5, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Andrew D Doering, Andrew F Hundley, Catherine O Hudson, Jason A Benedict, Courtney D Lynch, Jonathan A Schaffir
OBJECTIVE: Bothersome urinary symptoms are often present postpartum. The objective of this study was to examine the association between bothersome urinary symptoms and screening positive for postpartum depression. METHODS: Women presenting at the routine 6-week postpartum visit were screened for risk of depression with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. A questionnaire comprising delivery characteristics and demographics, 20-item Postpartum Symptom Inventory (PSI), Urinary Distress Inventory (UDI) short form, Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ) short form, and history of depression and antidepressant use was completed...
February 27, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Gregory William Hosier, R Christopher Doiron, Victoria Tolls, J Curtis Nickel
INTRODUCTION: Urological chronic pelvic pain syndrome (UCPPS) in females is often attributed to the bladder (interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome), while UCPPS in males is often attributed to the prostate (chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome). However, there is increasing awareness that bladder pain plays a role in both males and females and the degree of overlap of clinical characteristics in males and females with UCPPS is not well known. Our objective was to compare clinical phenotypes of females and males with UCPPS...
February 23, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Brian T Helfand, Abigail R Smith, H Henry Lai, Claire C Yang, John L Gore, Brad A Erickson, Karl J Kreder, Anne P Cameron, Kevin P Weinfurt, James W Griffith, Aaron Lentz, Pooja Talaty, Victor P Andreev, Ziya Kirkali
PURPOSE: Male urinary incontinence is thought to be infrequent. We sought to describe the prevalence of urinary incontinence in a male treatment seeking cohort enrolled in the LURN (Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Research Network). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study inclusion and exclusion criteria, including men with prostate cancer or neurogenic bladder, were previously reported. LURN participants prospectively completed questionnaires regarding lower urinary tract symptoms and other clinical variables...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Urology
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