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Urinary symptoms and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882592/ureterorenoscopy-with-stenting-and-its-effect-on-male-sexual-function-a-controlled-randomised-prospective-study
#1
M S Bolat, E Akdeniz, R Asci, F Erdemir, O Cinar, L Tomak
Seventy-two male patients, who were included in this study, underwent ureteroscopic stone surgery (study group). Forty-two healthy males were enrolled as control group. Changes in sexual function were evaluated using International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire in pre-operative, first and third postoperative terms. Overall satisfaction in relation to the age, operation time, presence of stents, body mass index, educational status, previous operations, International Index of Erectile Function score, International Prostate Symptom Score, Quality of Life, income status, Male Sexual Health Questionnaire, stone-free rates and Beck's depression scale were evaluated...
November 23, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856381/what-questionnaires-to-use-when-measuring-quality-of-life-in-sacral-tumor-patients-the-updated-sacral-tumor-survey
#2
Olivier D R van Wulfften Palthe, Stein J Janssen, Jay S Wunder, Peter C Ferguson, Guo Wei, Peter S Rose, Micheal J Yaszemski, Franklin H Sim, Patrick J Boland, John H Healey, Francis J Hornicek, Joseph H Schwab
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Patient reported outcomes are becoming increasingly important when investigating results of patient and disease management. In sacral tumor patients symptoms can vary substantially, therefore no single questionnaire can adequately account for the full spectrum of symptoms and disability. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to analyze redundancy within the current sacral tumor survey and make a recommendation for an updated version based on the results and patient and expert opinions...
November 14, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766930/prevalence-of-climacteric-symptoms-comparing-perimenopausal-and-postmenopausal-chinese-women
#3
Xiangyan Ruan, Yamei Cui, Juan Du, Fengyu Jin, Alfred Otto Mueck
INTRODUCTION: The climacteric symptoms during peri- and postmenopause have not been extensively studied in China. To further understanding of the characteristics of Chinese women during their menopausal transition, the aim of the study was to compare the prevalence and severity of climacteric symptoms of peri- and postmenopausal Chinese women. METHODS: The retrospective descriptive study was carried out in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women from 20 provinces of China who visited Beijing Obstetrics & Gynecology hospital during 2008-2015...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744668/the-association-between-oxidative-stress-and-depressive-symptom-scores-in-elderly-population-a-repeated-panel-study
#4
Changwoo Han, Youn-Hee Lim, Yun-Chul Hong
OBJECTIVES: Previous epidemiological studies about oxidative stress and depression are limited by hospital-based case-control design, single-time measurements of oxidative stress biomarkers, and the small number of study participants. Therefore, in this study, we analyzed the association between biomarker of oxidative stress and depressive symptom scores using repeatedly measured panel data from a community-dwelling elderly population. METHODS: From 2008 to 2010, a total of 478 elderly participants residing in Seoul, Korea, were evaluated three times...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716241/the-relationship-between-depression-and-overactive-bladder-urinary-incontinence-symptoms-in-the-clinical-oab-population
#5
H Henry Lai, Baixin Shen, Amar Rawal, Joel Vetter
BACKGROUND: To investigate the relationship between depression and overactive bladder (OAB)/urinary incontinence symptoms among the clinical OAB population. METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with overactive bladder (OAB) and age-matched control subjects without OAB were enrolled. Depression symptoms were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D). OAB/incontinence symptoms were assessed using the validated questionnaires: ICIQ-UI, ICIQ-OAB, UDI-6, IIQ-7, and OAB-q...
October 6, 2016: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680393/-causes-diagnosis-and-differential-diagnosis-of-hyponatremia
#6
Peter Gross, Thomas Pusl
Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte disorder that arises from disturbances in water metabolism. In cases of acute advanced hyponatremia, serious symptoms are predominant, while chronic mild hyponatremia causes minor symptoms such as slowness, depression or unsteadiness of gait. Any therapy of hyponatremia depends on the severity of its symptoms and on its specific etiology and diagnosis. Concerning the differential diagnosis of the type of hyponatremia, it is initially helpful to distinguish between euvolemic, hypervolemic and hypovolemic forms of hyponatremia...
October 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651115/urinary-incontinence-and-its-association-with-frailty-among-men-aged-80-years-and-older-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Chih-Jen Wang, Cheng-Hao Hung, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and its association with frailty among men aged 80 years and older in Taiwan METHODS: Residents living in four veterans retirement communities were invited for study and 440 men aged 80 years and older weer enrolled. Comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed for them, including using the following measurements: Clinical Frailty Scale, Northern Health and Social Care Trust (HSC)-Continence Assessment Form, Charlson's Comorbidity Index (CCI), Barthel Index (BI), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 (GDS-5), Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF)...
September 21, 2016: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648661/association-between-urinary-incontinence-and-climacteric-symptoms-in-postmenopausal-women
#8
Angelo Cagnacci, Federica Palma, Maria Maddalena Carbone, Giovanni Grandi, Anjeza Xholli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether climacteric symptoms are related to urinary incontinence (UI) in postmenopausal women. METHODS: A cross-sectional investigation was performed on 1,502 postmenopausal women attending the outpatient service for menopause at a University Hospital. Data regarding climacteric symptoms, evaluated by the Greene Climacteric Scale, objective pelvic floor defects, and UI of any type, were retrieved from an electronic database...
September 19, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621721/creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-analysis-of-four-cases
#9
Ali Al Balushi, Marshall W Meeks, Ghazala Hayat, Jafar Kafaie
BACKGROUND: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease that almost always results in death in under a year from onset of symptoms. Here, we report four cases of CJD with different clinical presentations diagnosed at our institution over a 2-year period. CASES: The first patient is an 82-year-old woman who presented with depression, cognitive decline, and word-finding difficulty over 4 weeks. The patient deteriorated neurologically to akinetic mutism and death within 6 weeks of presentation...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619778/mental-health-mediating-the-relationship-between-symptom-severity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#10
Edmond P H Choi, Cindy L K Lam, Weng Yee Chin
OBJECTIVES: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) can impact both mental health and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). To date, however, their associations with outcomes have only been examined in isolation and the interactive relationship between LUTS, mental health and HRQOL remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine whether mental health mediates the relationship between LUTS severity and HRQOL. METHODS: Five hundred and nineteen primary care subjects with LUTS completed a structured questionnaire including the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), the adapted Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-7 (IIQ-7), the Chinese (HK) SF-12 Health Survey Version 2 (SF-12 v2) and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21)...
September 2016: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574592/modifying-risk-factors-in-the-management-of-erectile-dysfunction-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Kenneth J DeLay, Nora Haney, Wayne Jg Hellstrom
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is prevalent among men and its presence is often an indicator of systemic disease. Risk factors for ED include cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), tobacco use, hyperlipidemia, hypogonadism, lower urinary tract symptoms, metabolic syndrome, and depression. Addressing the modifiable risk factors frequently improves a patient's overall health and increases lifespan. The literature suggests that smoking cessation, treatment of hyperlipidemia, and increasing physical activity will improve erectile function in many patients...
August 2016: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568646/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-stress-management-intervention-for-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes-delivered-by-community-health-workers-outcomes-for-psychological-wellbeing-glycemic-control-and-cortisol
#12
Julie Ann Wagner, Angela Bermudez-Millan, Grace Damio, Sofia Segura-Perez, Jyoti Chhabra, Cunegundo Vergara, Richard Feinn, Rafael Perez-Escamilla
AIMS: To test the efficacy of a community health worker (CHW) delivered stress management (SM) intervention on psychosocial, glycemic, and cortisol outcomes among U.S. Latinos with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A randomized, controlled trial compared CHW-delivered diabetes education (DE; one group session) to DE plus CHW-delivered SM (DE+SM; 8 group sessions). Psychosocial variables and urinary cortisol were measured at baseline and posttreatment. HbA1c was measured at baseline, posttreatment, and 3-month follow-up...
October 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565902/long-term-consequences-of-finasteride-vs-placebo-in-the-prostate-cancer-prevention-trial
#13
Joseph M Unger, Cathee Till, Ian M Thompson, Catherine M Tangen, Phyllis J Goodman, Jason D Wright, William E Barlow, Scott D Ramsey, Lori M Minasian, Dawn L Hershman
BACKGROUND: Finasteride has been found to reduce the risk of low-grade prostate cancer but to have no impact on overall survival. The long-term adverse and beneficial consequences of finasteride have not been examined. METHODS: We used a linkage between data from the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) and Medicare claims. Patients were examined by randomized study arm (finasteride vs placebo for 7 years) for long-term consequences of the intervention, including cardiac, endocrine, and sexual dysfunction, depression, diabetes, and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-related events...
December 2016: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551240/symptom-co-occurrences-associated-with-smoking-in-individuals-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Pamela Newland, Louise Flick, Hong Xian, Florian P Thomas
BACKGROUND: The impact of tobacco on the multiple sclerosis (MS) disease process and symptoms is complex and not clearly understood. Tobacco may be used to self-treat some symptoms but also seems to intensify others. Studies to date have not characterized co-occurring symptoms (symptom patterns) and their association with tobacco use. METHODS: This study describes tobacco use in patients with relapsing-remitting MS and associated symptoms and symptom co-occurrences...
July 2016: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530266/overactive-bladder-in-children
#15
REVIEW
Israel Franco
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a ubiquitous syndrome that is defined by urinary urgency with, or without urinary incontinence. OAB is observed in all parts of the world, with a prevalence of 5-12% in children (5-10 years of age) and a prevalence of 0.5% in older adolescents (16-18 years of age). Published data indicate that around a third of children with OAB are likely to become adults with similar complaints. Studies in children and in adults with OAB indicate that these individuals are more likely to also have anxiety, depression and attention deficit problems, and that appropriate treatment of these comorbidities can often improve the patient's OAB symptoms...
September 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508501/the-safety-tolerability-and-risks-associated-with-the-use-of-newer-generation-antidepressant-drugs-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#16
André F Carvalho, Manu S Sharma, André R Brunoni, Eduard Vieta, Giovanni A Fava
Newer generation antidepressant drugs (ADs) are widely used as the first line of treatment for major depressive disorders and are considered to be safer than tricyclic agents. In this critical review, we evaluated the literature on adverse events, tolerability and safety of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors, bupropion, mirtazapine, trazodone, agomelatine, vilazodone, levomilnacipran and vortioxetine. Several side effects are transient and may disappear after a few weeks following treatment initiation, but potentially serious adverse events may persist or ensue later...
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501212/effect-of-reflexology-to-depressive-symptoms-in-women-with-overactive-bladder
#17
Yasemin Aydin, Ergul Aslan, Onay Yalcin
This study is to determine the effect of foot reflexology on the level of depression in women with OAB. Study findings included in the study showed foot reflexology as a part of OAB treatment relieved urinary and depressive symptoms and had a positive effect on quality of life.
September 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497647/factors-associated-with-timing-of-return-to-intercourse-after-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries
#18
Alix Leader-Cramer, Kimberly Kenton, Bhumy Davé, Dana R Gossett, Margaret Mueller, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp
INTRODUCTION: The impact of obstetric perineal trauma on timing of return to intercourse is unclear, although sexual desire is clearly decreased in these women. In addition, studies examining timing of return to intercourse are cross-sectional and therefore cannot delineate potential reasons that patients might delay return to intercourse. AIM: To identify factors associated with delayed return to intercourse after obstetric anal sphincter injuries. METHODS: This was a planned secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study of women sustaining obstetric anal sphincter injuries during delivery of a full-term singleton infant...
October 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488597/incident-parkinsonism-in-older-adults-without-parkinson-disease
#19
Aron S Buchman, Sue E Leurgans, Lei Yu, Robert S Wilson, Andrew S Lim, Bryan D James, Joshua M Shulman, David A Bennett
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of parkinsonism in community-dwelling older adults without Parkinson disease. METHODS: Four parkinsonian signs were assessed with a modified motor portion of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale in 2,001 older adults without parkinsonism. We used Cox proportional hazards models to determine the associations of age and sex with incident parkinsonism (2 or more signs). We calculated the number of events per 1,000 person-years of observation in 3 age strata...
September 6, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464008/neuroanatomic-correlates-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-in-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Klemens Winder, Ralf A Linker, Frank Seifert, Martina Deutsch, Tobias Engelhorn, Arnd Dörfler, De-Hyung Lee, Katharina M Hösl, Max J Hilz
OBJECTIVE: This study intended to determine associations between alterations of female sexual arousal as well as vaginal lubrication and the site of cerebral multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions. METHODS: In 44 women with MS (mean age: 36.5 ± 9.9 years), we assessed their medical history and evaluated sexual function using the Female Sexual Function Index scores for arousal and vaginal lubrication. We determined potential confounding factors of sexual dysfunction: age; disease duration; physical disability; depression; bladder or urinary dysfunction; and total volume of cerebral lesions...
October 2016: Annals of Neurology
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