Read by QxMD icon Read

Pediatric am

Kristl Tomlin, Lucia Mirea, Amy Williamson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The American Academy of Pediatrics and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have identified the menstrual cycle as essential in assessing overall health of adolescent girls. Menses should be considered a "vital sign" and documentation of last menstrual period (LMP) is recommended at every patient encounter. The aim of this study is to estimate and compare LMP documentation among adolescent and pediatric healthcare providers. STUDY DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective cohort study identified a random sample of 50 female patients seen in the general pediatrics (PEDS), adolescent medicine (AM), and pediatric and adolescent gynecology (PAG) ambulatory clinics at Phoenix Children's Hospital between January 1, 2016 and March 31, 2016...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Jennifer A Muszynski, Ron W Reeder, Mark W Hall, Robert A Berg, Thomas P Shanley, Christopher J L Newth, Murray M Pollack, David Wessel, Joseph Carcillo, Rick Harrison, Kathleen L Meert, J Michael Dean, Tammara Jenkins, Robert F Tamburro, Heidi J Dalton
OBJECTIVES: To determine RBC transfusion practice and relationships between RBC transfusion volume and mortality in infants and children treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a multicenter prospective observational study. SETTING: Eight pediatric institutions within the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network...
March 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Wadi Mawad, Luc L Mertens
Cardiac imaging is central to today's pediatric cardiology practice not only to diagnose structural congenital defects and delineate cardiac and extracardiac anatomy but also for determining the hemodynamic impact of the structural defects and acquired pediatric diseases. Not so long ago, clinicians had to heavily rely on angiography as the main cardiac imaging modality to visualize the heart. Particularly, the development of echocardiography in the 1970s and 1980s together with the development of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) resulted in a non-invasive diagnostic revolution with diagnostic catheterization becoming obsolete apart for very specific indications...
February 21, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Lindsay R Lavin, Cody H Penrod, Cristina M Estrada, Donald H Arnold, Benjamin R Saville, Meng Xu, Deborah E Lowen
Approximately one fourths of infant fractures are due to abuse. Recognition of abuse is important to avoid further morbidity/mortality. There is limited knowledge regarding how frequently pediatric emergency department clinicians consider abuse in infants with fractures. Our primary objective was to estimate the percentage of infants with fractures for whom abuse was considered, and to examine characteristics associated with abuse consideration. We performed a retrospective review of infants <1 year of age presenting to a pediatric emergency department...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
Meghna R Sebastian, Constance M Wiemann, Fida Bacha, Sharonda J Alston-Taylor
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) diagnosis in adolescence can have significant long-term health implications. The criteria for its diagnosis in adolescents have been subject to much debate. This study aimed to characterize the variability in diagnosis and management among different pediatric specialties. DESIGN, SETTINGS, PARTICIPANTS, AND INTERVENTIONS: This is a retrospective review of electronic medical records of females (11 - 21 years old) who presented to three specialties (adolescent medicine (AM), pediatric endocrinology (ENDO), and gynecology (GYN)), with a post-visit diagnosis of PCOS, menstrual disorders, or hirsutism, at a large tertiary care center, from November 1, 2011- October 31, 2012...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Michael Ellis, Cameron Krisko, Erin Selci, Kelly Russell
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine differences in symptom burden and duration until physician-documented clinical recovery among pediatric patients with sports-related concussion (SRC) with and without a history of concussion. METHODS A retrospective chart review was performed for all pediatric patients (7-19 years old) referred to the Pan Am Concussion Program in Winnipeg, Canada, with an SRC and evaluated < 30 days postinjury between September 1, 2013, and August 1, 2015. RESULTS A total of 322 patients with SRC (64...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
R Francavilla, F Cristofori, L Verzillo, A Gentile, S Castellaneta, C Polloni, V Giorgio, E Verduci, E D'Angelo, S Dellatte, F Indrio
OBJECTIVES: Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is characterized by intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms that are related to the ingestion of gluten in subjects who are not affected by either celiac disease (CD) or wheat allergy (WA). In this multicenter study, we aim for the first time to evaluate the prevalence of NCGS in pediatric subjects with chronic functional gastrointestinal symptoms associated with gluten ingestion using a double-blind placebo-controlled (DBPC) gluten challenge with crossover...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Richard Sola, Blair A Wormer, William E Anderson, Thomas M Schmelzer, Graham H Cosper
Ultrasound assessments of children with possible acute appendicitis (AA) are often nondiagnostic. We aimed to identify the predictors of nondiagnostic ultrasound and to investigate the outcomes. A retrospective review was conducted on children aged 4 to 17 years evaluated in 2013 for AA with ultrasound at a tertiary hospital pediatric emergency department. Demographics, clinical data, and outcomes were analyzed. Of 528 children, 194 (36.7%) had diagnostic ultrasounds and 334 (63.3%) had nondiagnostic ultrasounds...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Lorna Stemberger Maric, Snjezana Zidovec Lepej, Lana Gorenec, Ivana Grgic, Vladimir Trkulja, Oktavija Dakovic Rode, Srdan Roglic, Tonci Grmoja, Nina Barisic, Goran Tesovic
We investigated potential diagnostic usefulness of serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of chemokines CXCL10, CXCL11, and CXCL13 in pediatric patients with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) (n = 23), non-polio enterovirus aseptic meningitis (NPEV AM) (n = 20), and neuroborreliosis (NB) (n = 21) and children with acute infectious diseases with neurological symptoms but with excluded neuroinfection/neuroinflammation (controls, n = 20). CSF levels of CXCL10 and CXCL11 were higher in patients with NPEV AM than those in other children, and CXCL10 levels showed a high discriminative potential (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, ROC, 0...
December 29, 2017: Neurological Sciences
Oren Cavel, Riva Tauman, Eli Simsolo, Danny Yafit, Efrat Reindorf-Kfir, Oshri Wasserzug, Omer Unger, Ophir Handzel, Gadi Fishman, Yael Oestreicher-Kedem, Ari DeRowe
OBJECTIVES: Seven years after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) in Israel, its effect on the incidence and severity of episodes of acute mastoiditis (AM) remains unclear. The primary objective of this study was to determine the incidence of AM and describe its clinical features in children during the years that followed the introduction of the PCV13 in comparison with the pre-PCV period. METHODS: Included in this retrospective comparative case series were all pediatric patients diagnosed with AM between Jan...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Bruce K Rubin
It is always an exciting challenge to write a Year in Review artcicle identifying the best publications in the preceding year; in this case from October 2016 until the AARC meeting in October 2017. This is particularly true for cystic fibrosis (CF), where there has been an explosion of new data, new medications, and new understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease. PubMed lists more than 2,500 papers published during those 12 months, many of them outstanding. I am indebted to many colleagues and friends who are leaders in the CF community, active readers of the pediatric pulmonary listserv, and scientists and clinicians engaged in the care of CF, for offering their suggestions regarding which articles should be included in this review...
February 2018: Respiratory Care
Philippa J Dossetor, Alexandra L C Martiniuk, James P Fitzpatrick, June Oscar, Maureen Carter, Rochelle Watkins, Elizabeth J Elliott, Heather E Jeffery, David Harley
BACKGROUND: We analysed hospital admissions of a predominantly Aboriginal cohort of children in the remote Fitzroy Valley in Western Australia during the first 7 years of life. METHODS: All children born between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2003 and living in the Fitzroy Valley in 2009-2010 were eligible to participate in the Lililwan Project. Of 134 eligible children, 127 (95%) completed Stage 1 (interviews of caregivers and medical record review) in 2011 and comprised our cohort...
November 22, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
Tracey Ann Collins, Christopher Indorf, Thomas Klak
In April 2016, several contiguous school districts and an independent high school academy in southern Maine voted simultaneously to start school later, beginning with the 2016-17 academic year. They became Maine's first school districts to implement the American Academy of Pediatrics'(1) and the American Medical Association's(2) health policy recommendations that middle and high schools should not start before 8:30 AM. Local physicians' presentations to school staff and parents on the medical evidence of the health benefits of a later start solidified early consensus...
December 2017: Sleep Health
Jaroslav Slamecka, Steven McClellan, Anna Wilk, Javier Laurini, Elizabeth Manci, Simon P Hoerstrup, Benedikt Weber, Laurie Owen
Fetal stem cells are a unique type of adult stem cells that have been suggested to be broadly multipotent with some features of pluripotency. Their clinical potential has been documented but their upgrade to full pluripotency could open up a wide range of cell-based therapies particularly suited for pediatric tissue engineering, longitudinal studies or disease modeling. Here we describe episomal reprogramming of mesenchymal stem cells from the human amnion to pluripotency (AM-iPSC) in chemically defined conditions...
November 16, 2017: Cell Cycle
Mariana A Nemezio, Katharina Mh De Oliveira, Priscilla C Romualdo, Alexandra M Queiroz, Francisco Wg Paula-E-Silva, Raquel Ab Silva, Erika C Küchler
Aim: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to establish if fever is associated with primary tooth eruption. Materials and methods: Literature searches involved Pubmed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus and Cochrane. The potentially relevant studies had the full text analyzed. Only studies concerning fever during eruption period of primary tooth in humans were included. Papers in non-English language, and papers that included syndromic patients or patients with any disease were excluded...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Iqra Chaudhary, Abhay M Tripathi, Gunjan Yadav, Sonali Saha
Aim: To compare new remineralizing agents calcium sodium phosphosilicate paste and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste with that of fluoridated toothpaste in remineralization of early carious lesions using scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX) analysis. Materials and methods: Sixty sound extracted premolars were collected and placed in demineralizing solution for 4 days to produce artificial carious lesions...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
Bahous MC, Shadmi E. Health information exchange and information gaps in referrals to a pediatric emergency department. Int J Med Inform 2016;87:68-74 Esmaeilzadeh P, Sambasivan M. Health Information Exchange (HIE): A literature review, assimilation pattern and a proposed classification for a new policy approach. J Biomed Inform 2016;64:74-86 Massoudi BL, Marcial LH, Tant E, Adler-Milstein J, West SL...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
Marijn J Warners, Pieter Hindryckx, Barrett G Levesque, Claire E Parker, Lisa M Shackelton, Reena Khanna, William J Sandborn, Geert R D'Haens, Brian G Feagan, Albert J Bredenoord, Vipul Jairath
OBJECTIVES: There is no clear consensus regarding the most appropriate measure(s) of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) disease activity. We aimed to identify all scoring indices used for the measurement of disease activity in EoE, appraise their operating properties, and discuss their value as outcome measures. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL (The Cochrane library) were searched from inception to 11 May 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies that reported outcomes to measure EoE disease activity or response to treatment were eligible...
November 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Offianan Andre Toure, Victor Mwapasa, Issaka Sagara, Oumar Gaye, Ricardo Thompson, Aishwarya V Maheshwar, Pitabas Mishra, Narendra Behra, Antoinette K Tshefu, Rashmi R Das, Anupkumar R Anvikar, Pradeep Sharma, Arjun Roy, Sanjay K Sharma, Amit Nasa, Rajinder K Jalali, Neena Valecha
Background: Administration of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) to infant and young children can be challenging. A formulation with accurate dose and ease of administration will improve adherence and compliance in children. The fixed-dose combination dispersible tablet of arterolane maleate (AM) 37.5 mg and piperaquine phosphate (PQP) 187.5 mg can make dosing convenient in children. Methods: This multicenter (India and Africa), comparative, parallel-group trial enrolled 859 patients aged 6 months to 12 years with Plasmodium falciparum malaria...
October 30, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Bernie Carter, Karen Ford, Lucy Bray, Tineke Water, Janine Arnott, Cassandra Tichanow, Annette Dickinson
PURPOSE: Most studies of growing up with a long-term condition focus on older children and adolescents and are condition-specific. Relatively few studies address the experiences of children in middle childhood or consider their experience across a range of conditions, countries, and health settings. This study aimed to explore children's perceptions and understandings of how their lives are shaped (or not) by a long-term condition and its associated management. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative, participatory methodology using autodriven photoelicitation interviews (PEIs) with 45 purposively recruited children (6-12 years) with long-term conditions (e...
September 26, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"