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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879558/impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-on-selected-head-and-neck-infections-in-hospitalized-israeli-children
#1
Tal Marom, Shiran Bookstein Peretz, Orna Schwartz, Abraham Goldfarb, Yahav Oron, Sharon Ovnat Tamir
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major pathogen of pediatric head and neck infections (HNIs), e.g. acute otitis media (AOM), acute mastoiditis (AM), acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) and meningitis. The aim of the study was to characterize the epidemiology of pneumococcal HNIs (pHNIs) before, during, and after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs). METHODS: Children 0-16 years who were hospitalized with HNIs in the Pediatrics Department in a general hospital between 1/1/2007-12/31/2014 were retrospectively identified...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845338/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-adolescents-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Marianne Bonnert, Ola Olén, Maria Lalouni, Marc A Benninga, Matteo Bottai, Johanna Engelbrektsson, Erik Hedman, Fabian Lenhard, Bo Melin, Magnus Simrén, Sarah Vigerland, Eva Serlachius, Brjánn Ljótsson
OBJECTIVES: Few treatments have been able to effectively manage pediatric irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (Internet-CBT) based on exposure for abdominal symptoms is effective for adult IBS. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Internet-CBT based on behavioral exposure for adolescents with IBS. METHODS: Adolescents with IBS fulfilling the Rome III criteria were randomized to either Internet-CBT or a wait-list control...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843252/a-comparative-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-different-caries-excavation-techniques-in-reducing-the-cariogenic-flora-an-in-vivo-study
#3
REVIEW
Afrah Fatima Hassan, Gunjan Yadav, Abhay Mani Tripathi, Mridul Mehrotra, Sonali Saha, Nishita Garg
BACKGROUND: Caries excavation is a noninvasive technique of caries removal with maximum preservation of healthy tooth structure. AIM: To compare the efficacy of three different caries excavation techniques in reducing the count of cariogenic flora. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty healthy primary molars were selected from 26 healthy children with occlusal carious lesions without pulpal involvement and divided into three groups in which caries excavation was done with the help of (1) carbide bur; (2) polymer bur using slow-speed handpiece; and (3) ultrasonic tip with ultrasonic machine...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821322/determinants-of-ototoxicity-in-451-platinum-treated-dutch-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-a-dcog-late-effects-study
#4
Eva Clemens, Andrica C de Vries, Saskia F Pluijm, Antoinette Am Zehnhoff-Dinnesen, Wim J Tissing, Jacqueline J Loonen, Eline van Dulmen-den Broeder, Dorine Bresters, Birgitta Versluys, Leontien C Kremer, Heleen J van der Pal, Martine van Grotel, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink
Platinum-containing chemotherapeutics are efficacious for a variety of pediatric malignancies, nevertheless these drugs can induce ototoxicity. However, ototoxicity data on large cohorts of childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) who received platinum agents, but not cranial irradiation are scarce. Therefore, we have studied the frequency and determinants of ototoxicity in a cross-sectional multicenter CCS cohort, including the role of co-medication since it has been suggested that these play a role in ototoxicity...
November 4, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772532/multidisciplinary-management-of-pediatric-sports-related-concussion
#5
Michael J Ellis, Lesley J Ritchie, Patrick J McDonald, Dean Cordingley, Karen Reimer, Satnam Nijjar, Mark Koltek, Shahid Hosain, Janine Johnston, Behzad Mansouri, Scott Sawyer, Norm Silver, Richard Girardin, Shannon Larkins, Sara Vis, Erin Selci, Michael Davidson, Scott Gregoire, Angela Sam, Brian Black, Martin Bunge, Marco Essig, Peter MacDonald, Jeff Leiter, Kelly Russell
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the clinical characteristics and outcomes of pediatric sports-related concussion (SRC) patients who were evaluated and managed at a multidisciplinary pediatric concussion program and examine the healthcare resources and personnel required to meet the needs of this patient population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all pediatric SRC patients referred to the Pan Am Concussion Program from September 1st, 2013 to May 25th, 2015...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707900/patient-and-visit-level-variables-associated-with-late-arrival-to-pediatric-clinic-appointments
#6
Shona C Hang, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Kevin J Kelly, Diane M Howell, Michael J Steiner
We conducted a cross-sectional study to evaluate timeliness of patient arrival at a pediatric multispecialty clinic. Bivariate and ordered logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the odds of late arrival by specified patient- and visit-level characteristics. A total of 64 856 visits were available for analysis, of which 6513 (10.0%) were late arrivals. The odds of late arrival were higher for patients who spoke English (odds ratio [OR] = 1.34, P < .001) compared with those who spoke Spanish, had Medicaid (OR = 1...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668913/interventricular-septal-pseudoaneurysm-after-blunt-chest-trauma-in-a-6-year-old-an-illustrative-case-and-review
#7
Natalie Behrle, Peter Dyke, Abdallah Dalabih
Motor vehicle accident is the most common cause of blunt cardiac injury (BCI) in children (85.3%) due to the height of the child in relation to proper restraints and the compliant pediatric rib cage (J Trauma. 1996;40:200-202). Trauma to the chest wall may lead to injury of the myocardium, resulting in myocardial contusion, ventricular septal defect (VSD), ventricular free wall rupture, or valve compromise (J Trauma. 1996;40; 200-202; Heart Lung. 2012;41:200-202; J Inj Violence Res. 2012;4:98-100). There are several proposed mechanisms for the formation of VSD after blunt chest trauma including rupture of ischemic myocardium related to the initial trauma and reopening of a spontaneously closed congenital VSD...
September 23, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647182/can-the-new-ckd-epi-btp-b2m-formula-be-applied-in-children
#8
EDITORIAL
Guido Filler, Ana Catalina Alvarez-Elías, Katherine D Westreich, Shih-Han S Huang, Robert M Lindsay
Although measuring creatinine to determine kidney function is currently the clinical standard, new markers such as beta-trace protein (BTP) and beta-2-microglobulin (B2M) are being investigated in an effort to measure glomerular filtration rate more accurately. In their recent publication, Inker et al. (Am J Kidney Dis 2015; 67:40-48) explored the use of these two relatively new markers in combination with some commonly available clinical characteristics in a large cohort of adults with chronic kidney disease...
December 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631740/pediatric-asthma-care-coordination-in-underserved-communities-a-quasiexperimental-study
#9
Mary R Janevic, Shelley Stoll, Margaret Wilkin, Peter X K Song, Alan Baptist, Marielena Lara, Gilberto Ramos-Valencia, Tyra Bryant-Stephens, Victoria Persky, Kimberly Uyeda, Julie Kennedy Lesch, Wen Wang, Floyd J Malveaux
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of care coordination on asthma outcomes among children in underserved urban communities. METHODS: We enrolled children, most of whom had very poorly or not well-controlled asthma, in medical-social care coordination programs in Los Angeles, California; Chicago, Illinois; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and San Juan, Puerto Rico in 2011 to 2014. Participants (n = 805; mean age = 7 years) were 60% male, 50% African American, and 42% Latino...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584457/impact-of-changing-an-urban-environment-on-pediatric-obesity-rates-evidence-from-a-quasi-experiment-2422-board-3-june-3-9-30-am-11-30-am
#10
TaShauna U Goldsby, Valerie Yeager, Bisakha Sen, Alva Ferdinand, Devon Taylor, Bryn Manzella, Nir Menachemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548250/pediatric-gastrojejunostomy-tube-replacement-effects-of-communication-on-the-need-for-after-hours-procedures
#11
Mark E Sharafinski, Elizabeth Sehnert, David Moe, Liyun Zhang, Pippa Simpson, Nghia J Vo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether embedding into the radiology report a patient-specific plan in the event of gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tube dysfunction reduces the need for after-hours utilization of pediatric interventional radiology resources for the replacement of GJ tubes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant, institutional review board-approved retrospective repeated cross-sectional study of patients requiring after-hours (5 PM-7 AM) or weekend (Saturday and Sunday) GJ tube replacement at a dedicated children's hospital, before and after the inclusion of a patient-specific plan in the radiology report as part of the electronic medical record...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546755/do-in-hours-or-off-hours-matter-for-extubating-children-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#12
Paulo Sérgio Lucas da Silva, Maria Eunice Reis, Thais Suelotto Machado Fonseca, Marcelo Cunio Machado Fonseca
PURPOSE: Several studies have suggested worse outcomes for patients requiring medical care at night or on weekends. However, whether or not children should be extubated only during in-hours has not been studied yet. We sought to compare outcomes and complications of in-hours versus off-hours extubated patients. METHODS: We prospectively included all children receiving invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) in a pediatric intensive care unit. Off-hours extubations included patients who were extubated at nighttime (8:00 pm-7:59 am) plus weekends/holidays whereas the in-hours extubations included regular daytime weekdays (Monday to Friday: 8:00 am-7:59 pm)...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460403/prevalence-of-abdominal-migraine-and-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-a-japanese-clinic
#13
Toshiyuki Hikita
Prevalence of abdominal migraine (AM) and recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) was evaluated in patients who visited Hikita Pediatric Clinic between May 2010 and April 2015. Patient data were collected prospectively using a questionnaire. Out of a total of 3611 cases, observed prevalence was 2.44% for repeated abdominal pain over a period of ≥3 months, 1.47% for RAP, and 0.19% for AM. Duration of abdominal pain was longer for AM than for non-AM RAP. Certain clinical features were significantly different between AM and non-AM RAP...
July 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414233/characteristics-of-congenital-coronary-artery-fistulas-complicated-with-infective-endocarditis-analysis-of-25-reported-cases
#14
REVIEW
Salah Am Said
Congenital coronary artery fistulas (CAFs) are infrequent congenital coronary artery anomalies. Complications such as left-to-right shunt, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, pericardial effusion, aneurysm formation, rupture, hemopericardium, pulmonary hypertension, infective endocarditis (IE), syncope, stroke, and sudden death may occur with a variable low frequency. To describe the clinical characteristics of patients with CAFs complicated by IE. A search was conducted through PubMed using the terms "CAFs" and "IE...
December 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365935/lesch-nyhan-syndrome-disorder-of-self-mutilating-behavior
#15
Prasad Jathar, Amey M Panse, Madhura Jathar, Pritesh N Gawali
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS), a rare inborn error of metabolism, is characterized by self-injurious behavior, which results in partial or total destruction of oral and perioral tissues and/ or fingers. Persistent self-injurious behavior (biting the fingers, hands, lips, and cheeks; banging the head or limbs) is a hallmark of the disease. Prevention of self-mutilation raises significant difficulties. A case of a 10-month-old boy with aggressive behavior and severe lower lip injuries is presented. How to cite this article: Jathar P, Panse AM, Jathar M, Gawali PN...
April 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362039/evaluating-exercise-efficiency-in-pediatric-patients-with-upper-airway-obstruction-using-exercise-flexscope-methodology-3673-board-112-june-4-8-00-am-9-30-am
#16
Sandra K Knecht, Wayne A Mays, Michelle A Amos, Yvette M Gerdes, Leigh E Schuckert, Shelby L Collins, Alessandro de Alarcon, Jennifer M Shoreman, Timothy K Knilans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362038/evaluating-cardiopulmonary-response-in-pediatric-patients-with-pectus-excavatum-using-the-james-cycle-ergometer-protocol-3672-board-111-june-4-8-00-am-9-30-am
#17
Wayne A Mays, Sandra K Knecht, Michelle A Amos, Yvette M Gerdes, Leigh E Schuckert, Shelby L Collins, Jennifer M Shoreman, Timothy K Knilans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27361089/disease-centricity-versus-prevention-physician-barriers-to-pediatric-physical-activity-evaluation-and-treatment-2453-june-3-11-15-am-11-30-am
#18
Jennifer Luz, Gregory Walker, Nicholas Edwards, Michael Pepin, Avery Faigenbaum, Gregory Myer, Andrea Stracciolini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360403/gait-pattern-evaluations-of-children-with-burns-compared-to-age-matched-nonburned-pediatric-subjects-1484-board-137-june-2-9-00-am-10-30-am
#19
F Buck Willis, Tara Patterson, Kurt Mossberg, Jill Sealle, David Herndon, Oscar Suman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359570/quantification-of-physical-activity-as-an-exercise-vital-sign-in-a-pediatric-population-315-board-152-june-1-11-00-am-12-30-pm
#20
Amy E Valasek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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