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Isoflurane CA1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902674/disruption-of-hippocampal-multisynaptic-networks-by-general-anesthetics
#1
Min-Ching Kuo, L Stan Leung
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that synaptic transmission is affected by general anesthetics, but an anesthetic dose response in freely moving animals has not been done. The hippocampus provides a neural network for the evaluation of isoflurane and pentobarbital on multisynaptic transmission that is relevant to memory function. METHODS: Male Long-Evans rats were implanted with multichannel and single electrodes in the hippocampus. Spontaneous local field potentials and evoked field potentials were recorded in freely behaving rats before (baseline) and after various doses of isoflurane (0...
November 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724382/activation-of-cannabinoid-receptor-type-2-attenuates-surgery-induced-cognitive-impairment-in-mice-through-anti-inflammatory-activity
#2
Lingling Sun, Rui Dong, Xin Xu, Xi Yang, Mian Peng
BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation plays a major role in postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Accumulated evidence indicates that cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2R) can mediate anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects in part by controlling microglial activity. However, the impact of CB2R on postoperative cognition has not been investigated. We hypothesized that CB2R is involved in surgery-induced cognitive impairment in adult mice. METHODS: Adult C57BL/6 mice were subjected to intramedullary fixation surgery for tibial fracture under isoflurane anesthesia and CB2R agonist (JWH133) or CB2R antagonist (AM630) treatment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699288/different-characteristics-of-cell-volume-and-intracellular-calcium-ion-concentration-dynamics-between-the-hippocampal-ca1-and-lateral-cerebral-cortex-of-male-mouse-brain-slices-during-exposure-to-hypotonic-stress
#3
Nanae Takahashi, Akibumi Omi, Hiroyuki Uchino, Yoshihisa Kudo
The mechanism of brain edema is complex and still remains unclear. Our aim was to investigate the regional differences of cell volume and intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+) ]i ) dynamics during hypotonic stress in male mouse hemi-brain slices. Brain slices were loaded with the fluorescence Ca(2+) indicator fura-2, and cell volume and [Ca(2+) ]i in the lateral cerebral cortex (LCC) and hippocampal CA1 (CA1) region were measured simultaneously during exposure to hypotonic stress using Ca(2+) insensitive (F360) and Ca(2+) sensitive fluorescence (F380), respectively...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464236/neuroprotection-by-plumbagin-involves-bdnf-trkb-pi3k-akt-and-erk1-2-jnk-pathways-in-isoflurane-induced-neonatal-rats
#4
Jun-Hui Yuan, Feng Pan, Jie Chen, Cai-Er Chen, Deng-Pan Xie, Xing-Zhu Jiang, Su-Juan Guo, Jun Zhou
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the effects of plumbagin on isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity. METHODS: Neonatal Sprague Dawley rat pups were treated with plumbagin (50, 100 or 150 mg/kg body weight, orally) from postnatal day 2. The pups on postnatal day 7 were subjected to isoflurane (0.75%) exposure for 6 h. Neuronal apoptosis in the hippocampal tissues was detected by TUNEL assay and FluroJade B staining following isoflurane exposure. Protein expressions were analysed by immunoblotting...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450915/emulsified-isoflurane-combined-with-therapeutic-hypothermia-improves-survival-and-neurological-outcomes-in-a-rat-model-of-cardiac-arrest
#5
Meng-Jun Wu, Ya-Jie Zhang, Hai Yu, Bin Liu
Emulsified isoflurane (EIso), when introduced following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), significantly improves survival and neurological outcomes in a rat model of cardiac arrest (CA). The present study aimed to examine whether EIso combined with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) confers an additive neuroprotective effect. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats that were subjected to return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after a 6-min asphyxia-induced CA were randomized to five groups: Sham group, control group under normothermic conditions, EIso group (4 ml/kg for 30 min under normothermic conditions), TH group (33°C for 2 h), and EIso plus TH group...
March 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167446/various-modifications-of-the-intrahippocampal-kainate-model-of-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-in-rats-fail-to-resolve-the-marked-rat-to-mouse-differences-in-type-and-frequency-of-spontaneous-seizures-in-this-model
#6
Rebecca Klee, Claudia Brandt, Kathrin Töllner, Wolfgang Löscher
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common type of acquired epilepsy in adults. TLE can develop after diverse brain insults, including traumatic brain injury, infections, stroke, or prolonged status epilepticus (SE). Post-SE rodent models of TLE are widely used to understand mechanisms of epileptogenesis and develop treatments for epilepsy prevention. In this respect, the intrahippocampal kainate model of TLE in mice is of interest, because highly frequent spontaneous electrographic seizures develop in the kainate focus, allowing evaluation of both anti-seizure and anti-epileptogenic effects of novel drugs with only short EEG recording periods, which is not possible in any other model of TLE, including the intrahippocampal kainate model in rats...
March 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099324/interaction-of-isoflurane-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-amyloid-on-long-term-potentiation-in-rat-hippocampal-slices
#7
Ran Zhou, Philip Bickler
BACKGROUND: The relationship between inhalational anesthetics such as isoflurane and cognitive impairment in the elderly is controversial. Both β-amyloid peptide (Aβ), associated with Alzheimer disease, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), a proinflammatory stress-related peptide, impair the synaptic function. We hypothesized that transient exposure to isoflurane and these peptides would impair synaptic function, manifest as a depression of long-term potentiation (LTP) and paired pulse facilitation (PPF), in the rat hippocampus...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793236/isoflurane-provides-neuroprotection-in-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-by-suppressing-apoptosis
#8
De-An Zhao, Ling-Yun Bi, Qian Huang, Fang-Min Zhang, Zi-Ming Han
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Isoflurane is halogenated volatile ether used for inhalational anesthesia. It is widely used in clinics as an inhalational anesthetic. Neonatal hypoxic ischemia injury ensues in the immature brain that results in delayed cell death via excitotoxicity and oxidative stress. Isoflurane has shown neuroprotective properties that make a beneficial basis of using isoflurane in both cell culture and animal models, including various models of brain injury. We aimed to determine the neuroprotective effect of isoflurane on hypoxic brain injury and elucidated the underlying mechanism...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637994/-isoflurane-provides-neuroprotection-in-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-by-suppressing-apoptosis
#9
De-An Zhao, Ling-Yun Bi, Qian Huang, Fang-Min Zhang, Zi-Ming Han
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Isoflurane is halogenated volatile ether used for inhalational anesthesia. It is widely used in clinics as an inhalational anesthetic. Neonatal hypoxic ischemia injury ensues in the immature brain that results in delayed cell death via excitotoxicity and oxidative stress. Isoflurane has shown neuroprotective properties that make a beneficial basis of using isoflurane in both cell culture and animal models, including various models of brain injury. We aimed to determine the neuroprotective effect of isoflurane on hypoxic brain injury and elucidated the underlying mechanism...
September 13, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615406/hippocampal-neuronal-degeneration-in-the-traumatic-brain-injury-mouse-non-trivial-effect-of-scalp-incision
#10
Jiro Ezaki, Ryo Shimada, Misato Shibuya, Kazuhiko Kibayashi
OBJECTIVES: In experimental models of traumatic brain injury (TBI), posttraumatic hippocampal neuronal degeneration in the cornu ammonis 1 (CA1), and/or the cornu ammonis 3 (CA3) regions are regarded as the most notable phenotypic appearances relating to the pathophysiology of human post-concussion syndrome. However, these morphological changes are often also seen in subjects without TBI, namely 'sham' groups. The frequencies and reasons of appearance of hippocampal neuronal degeneration in mice with TBI and/or sham are not clear...
November 2016: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498564/glutamatergic-neurotransmission-links-sensitivity-to-volatile-anesthetics-with-mitochondrial-function
#11
Pavel I Zimin, Christian B Woods, Albert Quintana, Jan-Marino Ramirez, Philip G Morgan, Margaret M Sedensky
An enigma of modern medicine has persisted for over 150 years. The mechanisms by which volatile anesthetics (VAs) produce their effects (loss of consciousness, analgesia, amnesia, and immobility) remain an unsolved mystery. Many attractive putative molecular targets have failed to produce a significant effect when genetically tested in whole-animal models [1-3]. However, mitochondrial defects increase VA sensitivity in diverse organisms from nematodes to humans [4-6]. Ndufs4 knockout (KO) mice lack a subunit of mitochondrial complex I and are strikingly hypersensitive to VAs yet resistant to the intravenous anesthetic ketamine [7]...
August 22, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27208894/enhanced-cognition-and-hypoglutamatergic-signaling-in-a-growth-hormone-receptor-knockout-mouse-model-of-successful-aging
#12
Kevin N Hascup, Mary K Lynn, Patrick J Fitzgerald, Shari Randall, John J Kopchick, Heather A Boger, Andrzej Bartke, Erin R Hascup
Growth hormone receptor knockout (GHR-KO) mice are long lived with improved health span, making this an excellent model system for understanding biochemical mechanisms important to cognitive reserve. The purpose of the present study was to elucidate differences in cognition and glutamatergic dynamics between aged (20- to 24-month-old) GHR-KO and littermate controls. Glutamate plays a critical role in hippocampal learning and memory and is implicated in several neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease...
March 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163813/soluble-amyloid-%C3%AE-42-stimulates-glutamate-release-through-activation-of-the-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor
#13
Kevin N Hascup, Erin R Hascup
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive memory loss and hippocampal atrophy. Soluble amyloid-β (Aβ)42 and plaque accumulation is implicated as the neurotoxic species in this disorder; however, at physiological concentrations (pM-nM), Aβ42 contributes to neurogenesis, long-term potentiation, and neuromodulation. Because Aβ42 binds the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7nAChRs) located presynaptically on glutamatergic terminals, involved with hippocampal dependent learning and memory, we examined the effects of the human, monomeric isoform of Aβ42 on glutamate release in the dentate gyrus (DG), CA3, and CA1, of isoflurane anesthetized, 6-9 month old male C57BL/6J mice...
May 3, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26898453/transforming-growth-beta-1-contributes-to-isoflurane-postconditioning-against-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-regulating-the-c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-signaling-pathway
#14
Sheng Wang, Jiangwen Yin, Mingyue Ge, Zhigang Dai, Yan Li, Junqiang Si, Ketao Ma, Li Li, Shanglong Yao
AIM: Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a devastating complication in the perioperative period. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) is a key protein that can participate in the repair and control process responses after I/R injury. Isoflurane is widely used in neurosurgery. Previous studies have shown that isoflurane preconditioning plays an important role in neuroprotection. However, the effects of isoflurane postconditioning on cerebral I/R injury have not yet been elucidated...
March 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25450597/alpha-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-agonist-gts-21-mitigates-isoflurane-induced-cognitive-impairment-in-aged-rats
#15
Fei-Juan Kong, Lei-Lei Ma, Hong-Hai Zhang, Jia-Qiang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is increasingly recognized as an important clinical syndrome. Inhalation anesthetics are commonly used during surgery, and it has been proposed that inhalation anesthetics impair cognitive function. However, there are few clinical interventions and treatments available to prevent this disorder. GTS-21, a selective agonist of alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, has been indicated to exert neuroprotective effects in the experimental animal models of neurodegenerative diseases...
March 2015: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25360091/chaos-analysis-of-eeg-during-isoflurane-induced-loss-of-righting-in-rats
#16
M B MacIver, Brian H Bland
It has long been known that electroencephalogram (EEG) signals generate chaotic strange attractors and the shape of these attractors correlate with depth of anesthesia. We applied chaos analysis to frontal cortical and hippocampal micro-EEG signals from implanted microelectrodes (layer 4 and CA1, respectively). Rats were taken to and from loss of righting reflex (LORR) with isoflurane and behavioral measures were compared to attractor shape. Resting EEG signals at LORR differed markedly from awake signals, more similar to slow wave sleep signals, and easily discerned in raw recordings (high amplitude slow waves), and in fast Fourier transform analysis (FFT; increased delta power), in good agreement with previous studies...
2014: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25165850/early-exposure-to-volatile-anesthetics-impairs-long-term-associative-learning-and-recognition-memory
#17
Bradley H Lee, John Thomas Chan, Obhi Hazarika, Laszlo Vutskits, Jeffrey W Sall
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic exposure early in life affects neural development and long-term cognitive function, but our understanding of the types of memory that are altered is incomplete. Specific cognitive tests in rodents that isolate different memory processes provide a useful approach for gaining insight into this issue. METHODS: Postnatal day 7 (P7) rats were exposed to either desflurane or isoflurane at 1 Minimum Alveolar Concentration for 4 h. Acute neuronal death was assessed 12 h later in the thalamus, CA1-3 regions of hippocampus, and dentate gyrus...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24977633/anesthetic-agent-specific-effects-on-synaptic-inhibition
#18
M Bruce MacIver
BACKGROUND: Anesthetics enhance γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated inhibition in the central nervous system. Different agents have been shown to act on tonic versus synaptic GABA receptors to different degrees, but it remains unknown whether different forms of synaptic inhibition are also differentially engaged. With this in mind, we tested the hypothesis that different types of GABA-mediated synapses exhibit different anesthetic sensitivities. The present study compared effects produced by isoflurane, halothane, pentobarbital, thiopental, and propofol on paired-pulse GABAA receptor-mediated synaptic inhibition...
September 2014: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24927827/effects-of-repetitive-exposure-to-anesthetics-and-analgesics-in-the-tg2576-mouse-alzheimer-s-model
#19
Carolina Quiroga, Rafael E Chaparro, Rachel Karlnoski, Diana Erasso, Marcia Gordon, David Morgan, Gerardo Bosco, Alessandro Rubini, Andrea Parmagnani, Antonio Paoli, Devanand Mangar, Enrico M Camporesi
The use of anesthetics and sedatives has been suggested to be a contributor to Alzheimer's disease neuropathogenesis. We wanted to address the in vivo relevance of those substances in the Tg2576 Alzheimer's mouse model. Tg7526 mice were anesthesia-sedated for 90 min once a week for 4 weeks. Y maze, Congo Red, and amyloid beta (Aβ) immunochemistry were performed. We did not find any significant change in the navigation behavior of the exposed mice compared to the controls. Significantly less deposition of Aβ in the CA1 area of the hippocampus and frontal cortex of mice exposed to isoflurane, propofol, diazepam, ketamine, and pentobarbital was observed...
November 2014: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24838805/repression-of-contexual-fear-memory-induced-by-isoflurane-is-accompanied-by-reduction-in-histone-acetylation-and-rescued-by-sodium-butyrate
#20
T Zhong, Q J Qing, Y Yang, W Y Zou, Z Ye, J Q Yan, Q L Guo
BACKGROUND: Isoflurane produces amnesia in mice during contextual fear conditioning (CFC) trials. Histone acetylation is a form of chromatin modification involved in the transcriptional regulation underlying memory formation. We investigated whether isoflurane-induced repression of contextual fear memory is related to altered histone acetylation in the hippocampus, and whether it can be rescued by the histone deacetylases inhibitor sodium butyrate (SB). METHODS: Adult C57BL/6 mice were chronically given intraperitoneal injections of SB or vehicle for 28 days...
October 2014: British Journal of Anaesthesia
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