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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779247/randomised-controlled-trials-define-shape-of-dose-response-for-pollinex-quattro-birch-allergoid-immunotherapy
#1
Margitta Worm, Tim Higenbottam, Oliver Pfaar, Ralph Mösges, Werner Aberer, Kulasiri Gunawardena, Dorothea Wessiepe, Denise Lee, Matthias F Kramer, Murray Skinner, Bev Lees, Stefan Zielen
BACKGROUND: The Birch Allergoid, Tyrosine Adsorbate, Monophosphoryl Lipid A (POLLINEX® Quattro Plus 1.0 ml Birch 100%) is an effective, well-tolerated short course subcutaneous immunotherapy. We performed two phase II studies to determine its optimal cumulative dose. METHODS: The studies were conducted in Germany, Austria and Poland (EudraCT numbers: 2012-004336-28 PQBirch203 and 2015-000984-15 PQBirch204) using a wide range of cumulative doses. In both studies, subjects were administered 6 therapy injections weekly outside the pollen season...
May 19, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779206/old-new-and-emerging-immunohistochemical-markers-in-pheochromocytoma-and-paraganglioma
#2
REVIEW
Veronica K Y Cheung, Anthony J Gill, Angela Chou
The evolution of genetic research over the past two decades has greatly improved the understanding of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas. It is now accepted that more than one third of pheochromocytoma and paragangliomas arise in the context of syndromic disease, usually hereditary. The genetic profile of these tumors also has important prognostic implications which may help guide treatment. Accompanying the changing molecular landscape is the development of new immunohistochemical markers. Initially used in assisting with diagnosis, immunohistochemical markers have now become an important adjunct to screening programs for inherited conditions and subsequently as prognostic markers...
May 19, 2018: Endocrine Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779201/clinical-acceptability-of-trimetazidine-modified-release-80-mg-once-daily-versus-trimetazidine-modified-release-35-mg-twice-daily-in-stable-angina-pectoris
#3
Yuri M Pozdnyakov
INTRODUCTION: Trimetazidine (TMZ) is an anti-ischemic metabolic agent that has been shown to be efficacious in angina treatment, both in monotherapy and in combination. A new formulation of TMZ modified-release (MR) 80 mg was developed, which is to be taken once daily (od), instead of twice daily (bid) for the currently available TMZ MR 35 mg, with the aim of simplifying the medication regimen. METHODS: The present study was an international, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group phase III study with a 12-week treatment period...
May 19, 2018: Cardiology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779065/digital-technologies-in-the-treatment-of-anxiety-recent-innovations-and-future-directions
#4
REVIEW
Joseph Firth, John Torous, Rebekah Carney, Jill Newby, Theodore D Cosco, Helen Christensen, Jerome Sarris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the efficacy, limitations, and future of e-health treatments for anxiety. Within this, we provide detail on "first-generation" e-health approaches, such as computerized therapies. Additionally, we assess the emergence and early efficacy of newer methods of treatment delivery, including smartphone apps and virtual reality interventions, discussing the potential and pitfalls for each. RECENT FINDINGS: There is now substantial clinical research demonstrating the efficacy of internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of anxiety...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778903/orcokinins-regulate-the-expression-of-neuropeptide-precursor-genes-related-to-ecdysis-in-the-hemimetabolous-insect-rhodnius-prolixus
#5
Juan Pedro Wulff, Natalia Capriotti, Sheila Ons
Ecdysis is a vital process for insects, during which they shed the old cuticle in order to emerge as the following developmental stage. Given its relevance for survival and reproduction, ecdysis is tightly regulated by peptidic hormones that conform an interrelated neuromodulatory network. This network was studied in species that undergo a complete metamorphosis, but not in hemimetabola. In a recent work, we demonstrated that orcokinin neuropeptides are essential for ecdysis to occur in the kissing bug Rhodnius prolixus...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778890/dual-photoacoustic-ultrasound-multi-parametric-imaging-from-passion-fruit-like-nano-architectures
#6
Paolo Armanetti, Salvador Pocoví-Martínez, Alessandra Flori, Cinzia Avigo, Domenico Cassano, Luca Menichetti, Valerio Voliani
Ultrasound (US) imaging is a well-established diagnostic technique to image soft tissues in real time, while photoacoustic (PA) is an emerging imaging technique employed to collect molecular information. Integration of PA and US imaging provides complementary information enhancing diagnostic accuracy without employing ionizing radiations. The development of contrast agents able to combine PA and US features is pivotal to improve the significance of PAUS imaging and for PAUS-guided treatment of neoplasms. Here, we demonstrate in relevant ex-vivo models that disassembling passion fruit-like nano-architectures (pfNAs) can be employed in PAUS imaging...
May 17, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778808/maternal-treatment-with-a-placental-targeted-antioxidant-mitoq-impacts-offspring-cardiovascular-function-in-a-rat-model-of-prenatal-hypoxia
#7
Mais M Aljunaidy, Jude S Morton, Raven Kirschenman, Tom Phillips, C Patrick Case, Christy-Lynn M Cooke, Sandra T Davidge
Intrauterine growth restriction, a common consequence of prenatal hypoxia, is a leading cause of fetal morbidity and mortality with a significant impact on population health. Hypoxia may increase placental oxidative stress and lead to an abnormal release of placental-derived factors, which are emerging as potential contributors to developmental programming. Nanoparticle-linked drugs are emerging as a novel method to deliver therapeutics targeted to the placenta and avoid risking direct exposure to the fetus...
May 17, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778754/exosome-mediated-mir-222-transferring-an-insight-into-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-breast-cancer-metastasis
#8
Jiaji Ding, Zhi Xu, Yanyan Zhang, Chunli Tan, Weizi Hu, Mei Wang, Yong Xu, Jinhai Tang
The subtypes of distant-organ metastasis led to treatment failure and poor prognosis are major obstacles in the management of patients with advanced breast cancer (BCa). Emerging evidences demonstrated that exosomes act as mediators for intercellular communication between various types of cells in the local tumor microenvironment. The present study aims to investigate whether BCa-derived exosomes are capable of cell-cell transferring miR-222 for BCa metastatic progression. Results showed that exosomal miR-222 is highly expressed in BCa patients with lymphatic metastasis...
May 17, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778532/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-insights-from-sphingolipidomics
#9
David J Montefusco, Jeremy C Allegood, Sarah Spiegel, L Ashley Cowart
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major clinical concern and its treatment consumes abundant resources. While accumulation of lipids in hepatocytes initiates the disease, this in itself is not necessarily harmful; rather, initiation of inflammation and subsequent fibrosis and cirrhosis are critical steps in NAFLD pathology. Mechanisms linking lipid overload to downstream disease progression are not fully understood; however, bioactive lipid metabolism may underlie instigation of proinflammatory signaling...
May 17, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778428/status-dystonicus-due-to-missense-variant-in-arx-diagnosis-and-management
#10
Kathleen M Gorman, Heather Cary, Laura Gaffney, Eva Forman, Dympna Waldron, Fowzy Al-Delami, Bryan J Lynch, Mary D King, Nicholas M Allen
Movement disorders are increasingly identified in infantile encephalopathies due to single gene disorders (e.g. SCN2A, CDKL5, ARX). The associated movement disorder can be challenging to recognise and treat. We report a 2 year-old boy with a background history of Ohtahara syndrome due to a missense variant in ARX (the aristaless-related homeobox gene) who subsequently developed status dystonicus. ARX is a transcription factor that plays a critical role in cortical neuronal development and is associated with a range of important neurodevelopmental disorders depending on the site of the pathogenic variant...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778393/fertility-preservation-in-pediatric-female-cancer-patients
#11
Sara E Arian, Rebecca L Flyckt, Richard Herman, Hadi Erfani, Tommaso Falcone
OBJECTIVE: To describe and demonstrate ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC) as an emerging fertility preservation technique DESIGN: Video presentation. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 6 year-old female patient diagnosed with aplastic anemia with plan for bone marrow transplantation underwent laparoscopic unilateral oophorectomy in conjunction with surgical procedure for port placement by the pediatric surgeon, followed by cryopreservation of ovarian tissue...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778315/the-risk-of-hemorrhagic-transformation-after-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-chinese-versus-north-americans-a-comparative-study
#12
Xiaomeng Xu, Deren Wang, Fang Wang, Casey Norton, Xinfeng Liu, Magdy Selim
BACKGROUND: There is a widespread belief that Asians are more susceptible to hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after receiving recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). However, this has not been examined in clinical practice. This study aims to compare the incidence of symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation (SHT) among thrombolysis-treated AIS patients in China and in the United States. METHODS: We compared 212 consecutive patients receiving thrombolysis within 4...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778281/role-of-the-water-drinking-test-in-medically-treated-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-patients
#13
H Salcedo, D Arciniega, M Mayorga, L Wu
PURPOSE: The water-drinking test (WDT) has recently re-emerged as a possible way to determine the competency of the trabecular meshwork. We performed a prospective interventional study to test the hypothesis that the WDT could be useful in assessing fluctuations in patients undergoing treatment for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: We included 122 patients; 62 on medical treatment for POAG (n=123 eyes) and 60 controls (n=120 eyes). The study group had been on intraocular pressures (IOP) lowering treatment continuously for at least 3months with stable IOP...
May 16, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778272/development-of-the-waveless-bovine-model
#14
F Jimenez-Krassel, J L H Ireland, C Kronemeyer, A Wilson-Alvarado, J J Ireland
Development of a bovine model without ovarian follicular waves (waveless) and transient increases in gonadotropin secretion during estrous cycles may lead to new methods to more consistently regulate ovulatory follicle growth thereby improving efficiency of embryo transfer. We hypothesized that the GnRH antagonist acyline would inhibit gonadotropin secretion thereby blocking follicular waves, ovarian function and ovulation during estrous cycles of cattle. To test this hypothesis, beef heifers (n = 5 per group) were treated twice daily with vehicle (control) or 25 or 50 μg/kg acyline beginning 12 h after GnRH-induced ovulation and ending 21 days later...
May 15, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778091/health-care-provider-experiences-in-primary-care-memory-clinics-a-phenomenological-study
#15
Linda Sheiban, Paul Stolee, Carrie McAiney, Veronique Boscart
BACKGROUND: There is a growing need for community-based services for persons with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD). Memory clinic (MC) teams in primary care settings have been established to provide care to people with ADRD. To consider wider adoption of these MC teams, insight is needed into the experiences of practitioners working in these models. The purpose of the current study is to explore the experiences of health care providers (HCPs) who work in primary care Memory Clinic (MC) teams to provide care to persons with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD)...
May 19, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778009/exploring-opioid-use-disorder-its-impact-and-treatment-among-individuals-experiencing-homelessness-as-part-of-a-family
#16
Avik Chatterjee, Eun Jin Yu, Lindsay Tishberg
BACKGROUND: Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) causes significant morbidity and mortality among people experiencing homelessness. We aimed to explore the unique way in which OUD impacts individuals experiencing homelessness as part of a family. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with adults experiencing OUD staying in Boston-area family shelters along with dependent children. We used Borkan's Immersion-Crystallization method to uncover themes from interview transcripts...
May 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777906/reduced-rar-%C3%AE-gene-expression-in-benzo-a-pyrene-induced-lung-cancer-mice-is-upregulated-by-dotap-lipo-atra-treatment
#17
S Viswanathan, V M Berlin Grace
Molecular targeted therapy for specific genes is an emerging research. Retinoic Acid Receptor (RAR-β) is a key tumor suppressor which is found to be lost drastically during much cancer progression. We hence, analyzed the expression level of RAR-β gene during B(a)P induced lung cancer development in mice and studied the lung cancer targeted action of All Trans Retinoic Acid (ATRA) in DOTAP liposomal formulation. The effect of its treatment on lung cancer was determined by histopathological analysis. RAR-β gene expression was assessed by RT-PCR and qPCR...
May 16, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777773/progress-in-formulation-development-and-sterilisation-of-freeze-dried-oligodeoxynucleotide-loaded-gelatine-nanoparticles
#18
Katharina J Geh, Madlen Hubert, Gerhard Winter
Oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN)-loaded gelatine nanoparticles (GNPs) have proven their outstanding potential in the treatment of allergic diseases such as equine asthma and canine atopic dermatitis, which are appropriate models for the corresponding human diseases. To encourage the development of a marketable product, long term stability and sterility needs to be ensured. In this work, we aimed to advance freeze-drying options to stabilise ODN-loaded GNPs. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry time-of-flight was implemented as a versatile tool to assess ODN stability...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777584/neuropsychiatric-expression-and-catatonia-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-an-overview-and-case-series
#19
Nancy J Butcher, Erik Boot, Anthony E Lang, Danielle Andrade, Jacob Vorstman, Donna McDonald-McGinn, Anne S Bassett
Individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) are at elevated risk of developing treatable psychiatric and neurological disorders, including anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, seizures, and movement disorders, often beginning in adolescence or early to mid-adulthood. Here, we provide an overview of neuropsychiatric features associated with 22q11.2DS in adulthood. Results of a new case series of 13 individuals with 22q11.2DS and catatonic features together with 5 previously reported cases support a potential association of this serious psychomotor phenotype with the 22q11...
May 19, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777574/factors-influencing-the-umbilical-cord-blood-stem-cell-industry-an-evolving-treatment-landscape
#20
REVIEW
Carla Dessels, Marco Alessandrini, Michael Sean Pepper
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is common practice today for life threatening malignant and non-malignant diseases of the blood and immune systems. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is rich in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and is an attractive alternative to harvesting HSCs from bone marrow or when mobilized into peripheral blood. One of the most appealing attributes of UCB is that it can be banked for future use and hence provides an off-the-shelf solution for patients in urgent need of a transplantation...
May 18, 2018: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
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