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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532102/islet-encapsulated-implantable-composite-hollow-fiber-membrane-based-device-a-bioartificial-pancreas
#1
Rohit S Teotia, Sachin Kadam, Atul Kumar Singh, Surendra Kumar Verma, Ashutosh Bahulekar, Sujata Kanetkar, Jayesh Bellare
Islets from xeno-sources and islet like clusters derived from autologus stem cells have emerged as alternatives to cadaveric pancreas used for treatment of type 1 diabetes. However, the immuno-isolation of these islets from the host immune system suffers from the issue of biocompatibility and hypoxia. To overcome the issues of immunobarrier biocompatibility, we developed a Polysulfone (Psf)/TPGS composite hollow fiber membrane (HFM) using a hollow fiber spinning pilot plant specially developed for this purpose...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532074/highly-effective-cu-zn-carbon-micro-nanofiber-polymer-nanocomposite-based-wound-dressing-biomaterial-against-the-p-aeruginosa-multi-and-extensively-drug-resistant-strains
#2
Mohammad Ashfaq, Nishith Verma, Suphiya Khan
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is the most prevalent bacteria in the infections caused by burn, surgery, and traumatic injuries. Emergence of the P. aeruginosa bacterial resistance against various clinical drugs for wound treatment is the major concern nowadays. The present study describes the synthesis of the polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP) polymeric composite film (~0.2mm thickness) reinforced with the Cu/Zn bimetal-dispersed activated carbon micro/nanofiber (ACF/CNF), as a wound dressing material...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531961/challenges-in-photocatalytic-reduction-of-nitrate-as-a-water-treatment-technology
#3
Heather O'Neal Tugaoen, Sergi Garcia-Segura, Kiril Hristovski, Paul Westerhoff
Management of ubiquitous nitrate contamination in drinking water sources is a major engineering challenge due to its negative impacts from eutrophication to immediate risk to human health. Several water treatment technologies exist to manage nitrate pollution in water sources. However, the most widely used technologies are phase separation treatments. In this context, nanoscale photocatalysis emerges as a highly promising transformative technology capable of reducing nitrate to innocuous nitrogen with noticeable selectivity...
May 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531959/occurrence-and-removal-of-pharmaceuticals-hormones-personal-care-products-and-endocrine-disrupters-in-a-full-scale-water-reclamation-plant
#4
Ngoc Han Tran, Karina Yew-Hoong Gin
This study provided the first comprehensive data on the occurrence and removal of twenty-five target emerging contaminants (ECs) in a full-scale water reclamation plant (WRP) in the Southeast Asian region. Nineteen out of the twenty-five ECs were ubiquitously detected in raw influent samples. Concentrations of the detected ECs in raw influent samples ranged substantially from 44.3 to 124,966ng/L, depending upon the compound and sampling date. The elimination of ECs in full-scale conventional activated sludge (CAS) and membrane bioreactor (MBR) systems at a local WRP was evaluated and compared...
May 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531943/recent-trends-in-zikv-research-a-step-away-from-cure
#5
REVIEW
Aftab Alam, Nikhat Imam, Anam Farooqui, Shahnawaz Ali, Md Zubbair Malik, Romana Ishrat
Zika virus (ZikV) is a member of the Flaviviridae virus family, genus Flavivirus has emerged as a potential threat to human health worldwide. Consequences of vertical infections includes microcephaly with brain and eye anomalies, and adult infections includes Guillain-Barrésyndrome (GBS), brain ischemia, myelitis and meningoencephalitis. To develop a better treatment, many efforts are being made, like drug-repurposing concept for FDA-approved drugs for antiviral activity are screened against ZikV infection and emerging as a promising alternative to expedite drug development and various vaccines like DNA, ZPIV, LAIV, mRNA and AGS-v vaccines have been designed and in under clinical trial phases...
May 17, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531869/a-rare-case-of-subacute-appendicitis-actinomycosis-as-the-final-pathology-reports-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
G A Gómez-Torres, O S Ortega-Gárcia, E G Gutierrez-López, C A Carballido-Murguía, J A Flores-Rios, C R López-Lizarraga, C A Bautista López, C F Ploneda-Valencia
INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis is the most common indication for an emergency abdominal surgery in the world, with a lifetime incidence of around 10%. Actinomycetes are the etiology of appendicitis in only 0.02%-0.06%, having as the final pathology report a chronic inflammatory response; less than 10% of the cases are diagnosed before surgery. Here, we present the case of a subacute appendicitis secondary to actinomycosis. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old male presented with a twelve-day evolution of intermittent abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant, treated at the beginning with ciprofloxacin and urinary analgesic...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531362/a-trial-of-oral-nifedipine-and-oral-labetalol-in-preeclampsia-hypertensive-emergency-treatment
#7
Jorge Duro-Gómez, Ana B Rodríguez-Marín, Mercedes Giménez de Azcárete, Lourdes Duro-Gómez, Claudio Hernández-Angeles, José E Arjona-Berral, Camil Castelo-Branco
This observational retrospective cohort study was conducted to compare oral nifedipine and labetalol for emergency treatment of hypertension in preeclamptic patients. Time (minutes) and necessary doses were outlined to achieve blood pressure lower than 150/95 mmHg. In 14 patients with preeclampsia, 55 hypertensive emergencies were identified (BP >150/95). Of these emergencies, 43 were treated with oral nifedipine 10 mg (10 patients) and 12 with oral labetalol 100 mg (4 patients). To achieve a target blood pressure under 150/95, these doses were repeated as necessary every 20 min, up to a maximum of 4 doses...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531278/cardiovascular-toxic-effects-of-targeted-cancer-therapy
#8
Kazuko Tajiri, Kazutaka Aonuma, Ikuo Sekine
Over the past decade, there has been a major shift in chemotherapy from non-specific cytotoxic drugs to molecular targeted drug therapies. As more molecular targeted therapies are developed, new types of cardiovascular toxicities induced by targeted therapies are a growing problem. Cardiotoxicity induced by the human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 inhibitor trastuzumab manifests as decreased left ventricular ejection fraction. In contrast to anthracycline treatment, most cardiac events occur during trastuzumab treatment, but are reversed quickly when treatment is interrupted and cardiac intervention is established...
May 20, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531230/identifying-artemisinin-resistance-from-parasite-clearance-half-life-data-with-a-simple-shiny-web-application
#9
Sai Thein Than Tun, Yoel Lubell, Arjen M Dondorp, Tom Fieldman, Kyaw Myo Tun, Olivier Celhay, Xin Hui Chan, Sompob Saralamba, Lisa J White
The emergence of artemisinin-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria is a major threat to malaria elimination. New tools for supporting the surveillance of artemisinin resistance are critical for current and future malaria control and elimination strategies. We have developed an open-access, user-friendly, web-based tool to analyse parasite clearance half-life data of P. falciparum infected patients after treatment with artemisinin derivatives, so that resistance to artemisinin can be identified. The tool can be accessed at bit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531176/stigma-of-addiction-and-mental-illness-in-healthcare-the-case-of-patients-experiences-in-dental-settings
#10
Mario A Brondani, Rana Alan, Leeann Donnelly
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways in which stigma is experienced in healthcare and dental settings by patients with a history of addiction and mental illness. METHODS: Audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews with a purposefully selected convenience sample of residents from two community treatment centres in Vancouver, Canada were conducted. The interview guide contained questions about experiences while seeking health and dental care and was based on an existing framework of labeling, stereotyping, exclusion, discrimination, and power imbalance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531157/hybrid-aware-model-for-senior-wellness-service-in-smart-home
#11
Yuchae Jung
Smart home technology with situation-awareness is important for seniors to improve safety and security. With the development of context-aware computing, wearable sensor technology, and ubiquitous computing, it is easier for seniors to manage their health problem in smart home environment. For monitoring senior activity in smart home, wearable, and motion sensors-such as respiration rate (RR), electrocardiography (ECG), body temperature, and blood pressure (BP)-were used for monitoring movements of seniors. For context-awareness, environmental sensors-such as gas, fire, smoke, dust, temperature, and light sensors-were used for senior location data collection...
May 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531102/nanoparticles-as-theranostic-vehicles-in-experimental-and-clinical-applications-focus-on-prostate-and-breast-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Jörgen Elgqvist
Prostate and breast cancer are the second most and most commonly diagnosed cancer in men and women worldwide, respectively. The American Cancer Society estimates that during 2016 in the USA around 430,000 individuals were diagnosed with one of these two types of cancers, and approximately 15% of them will die from the disease. In Europe, the rate of incidences and deaths are similar to those in the USA. Several different more or less successful diagnostic and therapeutic approaches have been developed and evaluated in order to tackle this issue and thereby decrease the death rates...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531095/synthesis-of-1-2-3-triazolo-4-5-h-quinolone-derivatives-with-novel-anti-microbial-properties-against-metronidazole-resistant-helicobacter-pylori
#13
Mohammad Abu-Sini, Amal Mayyas, Nehaya Al-Karablieh, Rula Darwish, Yusuf Al-Hiari, Talal Aburjai, Shereen Arabiyat, Luay Abu-Qatouseh
Helicobacter pylori infection can lead to gastritis, peptic ulcer, and the development of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Treatment and eradication of H. pylori infection can prevent relapse and accelerate the healing of gastric and duodenal ulcers as well as regression of malignancy. Due to the increasing emergence of antibiotic resistance among clinical isolates of H. pylori, alternative approaches using newly discovered antimicrobial agents in combination with the standard antibiotic regimens for the treatment of H...
May 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530776/factors-affecting-mortality-among-victims-of-electrical-burns
#14
Çağrı Tiryaki, Mustafa Celalettin Haksal, Murat Burç Yazıcıoğlu, Ali Çiftçi, Osman Esen, Hamdi Taner Turgut, Abdullah Yıldırım, Murat Güven
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting mortality rate among patients with an electrical burn. METHODS: A total of 115 patients admitted to the emergency department and hospitalized in the Burn Treatment Center or Intensive Care Unit (ICU) due to the electrical burn, were included in the study. RESULTS: A total of 115 patients (4 female and 111 male) with a mean age of 32.88±12.87 years were included in the study...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530775/a-surgical-approach-to-iatrogenic-vascular-injuries-in-pediatric-cases
#15
Yüksel Beşir, Orhan Gökalp, Börteçin Eygi, Banu Bahriye Lafcı, Gamze Gökalp, Levent Yılık, Hasan İner, Ali Gürbüz
BACKGROUND: Surgical intervention is mandatory in many children who present with vascular trauma or in complicated cases after medical interventions. In this study, surgical interventions applied after vascular injuries in children were analyzed. METHODS: Between January 2002 and December 2012, 17 patients (aged under 18) who were admitted to the emergency room with vascular injuries were retrospectively analyzed. The data was collected through hospital records...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530773/efficiency-of-instant-messaging-applications-in-coordination-of-emergency-calls-for-combat-injuries-a-pilot-study
#16
Sami Eksert, Mehmet Burak Aşık, Sinan Akay, Kenan Keklikçi, Fevzi Nuri Aydın, Mehmet Çoban, Ali Kantemir, Onur Güngör, Beyazıt Garip, Mustafa Suphi Turgut, Kenan Olcay
BACKGROUND: Coordination of an emergency response team is an important determinant of prompt treatment for combat injuries in hospitals. The authors hypothesized that instant messaging applications for smartphones could be appropriate tools for notifying emergency response team members. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficiency of a commercial instant messaging application (WhatsApp, Mountain View, CA) as a communication tool for the emergency team in a level-I trauma center...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530544/the-second-generation-of-highly-potent-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-ns3-4a-protease-inhibitors-evolutionary-design-based-on-tailor-made-amino-acids-synthesis-and-major-features-of-bio-activity
#17
Shuni Wang, Yibing Wang, Jiang Wang, Tatsunori Sato, Kunisuke Izawa, Vadim A Soloshonok, Hong Liu
Hepatitis C is a current pandemic liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) with high morbidity and mortality. Recently, the direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) targeting HCV NS3/4A, NS5A and NS5B have become the most effective therapies against HCV infection in the clinical treatment. Among them, the second-generation of NS3/4A inhibitors have emerged as the mainstay of the DAA therapies, which are derived from the peptide substrate of NS3/4A protease and modified with various tailor-made amino acids in order to achieve high sustained virologic response (SVR) against HCV...
May 22, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530520/cardiovascular-disease-and-gout-real-world-experience-evaluating-patient-characteristics-treatment-patterns-and-health-care-utilization
#18
Michael H Pillinger, Sripal Bangalore, Alyssa B Klein, Scott Baumgartner, Robert Morlock
BACKGROUND: Gout, hyperuricemia, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are prevalent conditions in the United States, and while they share common risk factors such as obesity, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, relatively little is known about what patient and disease characteristics may link CVD with hyperuricemia and gout and how the presence of both diseases affects management decisions differently than for patients with gout alone. OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in patient characteristics, patterns of urate-lowering therapy (ULT) use, and gout control in gout patients with and without cardiovascular comorbidity...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530519/does-a-one-size-fits-all-cost-sharing-approach-incentivize-appropriate-medication-use-a-roundtable-on-the-fairness-and-ethics-associated-with-variable-cost-sharing
#19
Jennifer S Graff, Chuck Shih, Thomas Barker, Gabriela Dieguez, Cheryl Larson, Helen Sherman, Robert W Dubois
BACKGROUND: Tiered formularies, in which patients pay copays or coinsurance out-of-pocket (OOP), are used to manage costs and encourage more efficient health care resource use. Formulary tiers are typically based on the cost of treatment rather than the medical appropriateness for the patient. Cost sharing may have unintended consequences on treatment adherence and health outcomes. Use of higher-cost, higher-tier medications can be due to a variety of factors, including unsuccessful treatment because of lack of efficacy or side effects, patient clinical or genetic characteristics, patient preferences to avoid potential side effects, or patient preferences based on the route of administration...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#20
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
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