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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054094/runx3-inhibits-the-proliferation-and-metastasis-of-gastric-cancer-through-regulating-mir-182-hoxa9
#1
Junyan Yu, Xiangyang Tian, Jianlan Chang, Ping Liu, Rong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study intended to explore the molecular mechanism of RUNX3 in inhibiting the process of migration and proliferation of gastric cancer (GC) cells. METHODS: The overexpressed plasmids of RUNX3 and the interfering siRNA of RUNX3 were transfected into GC cells. Then, qRT-PCR and western blot were performed to identify the expression level of RUNX3 and miR-182 in tumors and adjacent tissues respectively. ChIP and luciferase assay were performed to detect the relationship between RUNX3 and miR-182 as well as miR-182 and HOXA9...
October 17, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054027/sapofectosid-ensuring-non-toxic-and-effective-dna-and-rna-delivery
#2
Simko Sama, Gerold Jerz, Peter Schmieder, Eric Woith, Matthias F Melzig, Alexander Weng
Different methods are being deployed for non-viral DNA/RNA delivery. However non-viral formulations for DNA/RNA-delivery are often accompanied by severe toxicity and thus low efficiency. Particular costly cell culture media are required as well. Here we introduce sapofection as a valuable enhancing method for non-viral DNA/RNA delivery. Sapofection is based on the application of DNA/RNA nanoplexes and sapofectosid, a plant derived natural transfection reagent. Sapofectosid was produced from plant raw material by chromatographic methods and characterized by tandem mass spectrometry and intensive one and two dimensional NMR-spectroscopy...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053867/molecular-cloning-and-functional-analysis-of-peafowl-pavo-cristatus-toll-like-receptor-7
#3
H Song, M Zhang, W Gao, L Wu, G Li
In order to clone the peafowl (Pavo cristatus) Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) gene and study its biological function, the peafowl TLR7 coding sequences (CDS) were amplified by PCR of cDNA from the whole spleen of peafowl. The full-length sequence of the peafowl TLR7 gene CDS is 3,141 bp and encodes a 1,046-amino acid protein with a classic TLR composition of 16 leucine-rich repeats (LRR). Insertions of amino acids were found at position 15 of LRR2, LRR5, LRR7, LRR9, LRR11, LRR12, LRR14, and LRR15; and position 10 of LRR11...
October 5, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053707/high-glucose-augments-angiotensinogen-in-human-renal-proximal-tubular-cells-through-hepatocyte-nuclear-factor-5
#4
Juan Wang, Yuki Shibayama, Hiroyuki Kobori, Ya Liu, Hideki Kobara, Tsutomu Masaki, Zhiyu Wang, Akira Nishiyama
High glucose has been demonstrated to induce angiotensinogen (AGT) synthesis in the renal proximal tubular cells (RPTCs) of rats, which may further activate the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and contribute to diabetic nephropathy. This study aimed to investigate the effects of high glucose on AGT in the RPTCs of human origin and identify the glucose-responsive transcriptional factor(s) that bind(s) to the DNA sequences of AGT promoter in human RPTCs. Human kidney (HK)-2 cells were treated with normal glucose (5...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053518/role-of-homeodomain-interacting-protein-kinase-2-in-the-pathogenesis-of-tissue-fibrosis-in-keloid-derived-keratinocytes
#5
Yi-Xuan Zhao, Guo-You Zhang, An-Yuan Wang, Ya-Hong Chen, Da-Mu Lin, Qing-Feng Li
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a critical role in fibrotic keloid formation, which is characterized by excessive collagen and extracellular matrix synthesis and deposition. Growing evidence suggests that the serine/threonine kinase homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2) acts upstream of several major fibrosis signaling pathways; however, the role of HIPK2 in the keloid fibrogenesis remains unknown. In the current study, we investigated the roles of HIPK2 in the pathogenesis of keloids...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053415/low-concentration-of-5-fluorouracil-increases-the-effectiveness-of-tumor-rna-to-activate-murine-dendritic-cells
#6
Marcela Rodrigues de Camargo, Carolina Mendonça Gorgulho, Cecília Pessoa Rodrigues, Marcimara Penitenti, Juliana Cristina Longo Frederico, Maria Aparecida Marchesan Rodrigues, Ramon Kaneno
AIM: Considering the central role of dendritic cells (DCs) on the development of an antitumor immune response, in this study we used a murine model to evaluate how DC transfection with drug-treated tumor cell RNA changes their phenotype, and whether transfection enhances the in vivo effectiveness of a DC-based antitumor vaccine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MC-38 colorectal tumor cells were pretreated with the minimum effective concentration of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), then their total RNA was extracted and transfected into DCs...
October 2017: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052908/hbxag-suppresses-cell-apoptosis-and-promotes-the-secretion-of-placental-hormones-in-human-placental-trophoblasts-via-activation-of-the-egfr-akt-pathway
#7
Weimin Wang, Guiqin Bai, Yuting Zhang, Ting Zhang, Chen Li, Yongxing Yuan, Sixue Liu, Caili Wang
The aim of this study is to investigate the role of Hepatitis B virus x (HBx) in the growth and secretion of human placental trophoblasts. Firstly, placenta tissues were collected from pregnant HBV carriers with various viral loads. The results of immunohistochemical technique showed that the HBx protein and pEGFR protein levels were both markedly increased with the viral load elevation. Then, a placental trophoblast cell strain (JEG-3-HBx), which stablly expressed HBx mRNA and protein, was established with the pcDNA-HBx transfection followed by the G418 selection...
October 20, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052531/pten-expression-is-upregulated-by-a-rna-binding-protein-rbm38-via-enhancing-its-mrna-stability-in-breast-cancer
#8
Xu-Jie Zhou, Jing Wu, Liang Shi, Xiao-Xia Li, Lei Zhu, Xi Sun, Jia-Yi Qian, Ying Wang, Ji-Fu Wei, Qiang Ding
BACKGROUND: PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog gene on chromosome 10), a well-characterized tumor suppressor, is a key regulator of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway involved in cell survival, metastasis and cell renewal. PTEN expression is closely related to the phenotype, prognosis and drug selection in breast cancer. It is mainly regulated by transcriptional and post-transcriptional modifications. RNA binding motif protein 38 (RBM38), an RNA-binding protein (RBP) and a target of P53 family, plays a crucial role in the regulation of cellular processing, especially in post-transcription regulation and gene transcription...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051972/mir-96-5p-prevents-hepatic-stellate-cell-activation-by-inhibiting-autophagy-via-atg7
#9
Kangkang Yu, Ning Li, Qi Cheng, Jianming Zheng, Mengqi Zhu, Suxia Bao, Mingquan Chen, Guangfeng Shi
Activation of hepatic stellate cell (HSC), which is the main source of extracellular matrix, plays a pivotal role in liver fibrogenesis. Autophagy of hepatic stellate cell has been recently implicated in liver fibrosis, but the regulation of hepatic stellate cell autophagy during this process remains poorly understood. Here, we first identified miR-96-5p as an aberrantly expressed miRNA in fibrotic liver tissues. Next, we transfected miR-96-5p mimic into human hepatic stellate cell line LX-2 and observed decreased protein and mRNA levels of α-SMA and Col1A1...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051711/down-regulation-of-ifitm1-and-its-growth-inhibitory-role-in-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Weinan Zheng, Zhimin Zhao, Xinan Yi, Qiangqiang Zuo, Hongtao Li, Xiaoqing Guo, Dongmei Li, Hongchang He, Zemin Pan, Peiwen Fan, Feng Li, Yanhong Liao, Renfu Shao
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major cause of death in women worldwide. Interferon-induced transmembrane protein 1 (IFITM1) is involved in antivirus defense, cell adhesion, and carcinogenesis in different tissues. However, the role of IFITM1 gene in cervical squamous cell cancer is unclear. METHODS: To explore the role of IFITM1 in carcinogenesis of cervical cancer, we investigated the expression of IFITM1 gene in cervical squamous cell carcinoma. IFITM1 mRNA level was measured by real-time quantitative RT-PCR in cervical cancer tissues and their adjacent normal tissues...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051270/hypoxia-induced-pd-l1-pd-1-crosstalk-impairs-t-cell-function-in-sleep-apnoea
#11
Carolina Cubillos-Zapata, Jose Avendaño-Ortiz, Enrique Hernandez-Jimenez, Victor Toledano, Jose Casas-Martin, Anibal Varela-Serrano, Marta Torres, Isaac Almendros, Raquel Casitas, Isabel Fernández-Navarro, Aldara Garcia-Sanchez, Luis A Aguirre, Ramón Farre, Eduardo López-Collazo, Francisco García-Rio
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with higher cancer incidence, tumour aggressiveness and cancer mortality, as well as greater severity of infections, which have been attributed to an immune deregulation. We studied the expression of programmed cell death (PD)-1 receptor and its ligand (PD-L1) on immune cells from patients with OSA, and its consequences on immune-suppressing activity. We report that PD-L1 was overexpressed on monocytes and PD-1 was overexpressed on CD8(+) T-cells in a severity-dependent manner...
October 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051187/in-vivo-magnetofection-a-novel-approach-for-targeted-topical-delivery-of-nucleic-acids-for-rectoanal-motility-disorders
#12
Jagmohan Singh, Ipsita Mohanty, Satish Rattan
In these studies, we developed a novel approach of in vivo magnetofection for localized delivery of nucleic acids such as micro-RNA-139-p (miR-139-5p, known to target Rho kinase2) to the circular smooth muscle layer of the internal anal sphincter (IAS). The IAS tone is known to play a major role in the rectoanal continence via activation of RhoA-associated kinase (RhoA/ROCK2). These studies established an optimized protocol for efficient gene delivery using an assembly of equal volumes of in vivo PolyMag and miR139-5p or anti-miR-139-5p (100 nM each) injected in the circular smooth muscle layer in the pin-pointed areas of the rat perianal region, and then incubated for 20 minutes under magnetic field...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050935/the-l1-adhesion-molecule-normalizes-neuritogenesis-in-rett-syndrome-derived-neural-precursor-cells
#13
Myungsik Yoo, Cassiano Carromeu, Ohyoon Kwon, Alysson Muotri, Melitta Schachner
Therapeutic intervention is an important need in ameliorating the severe consequences of Rett Syndrome (RTT), a neurological disorder caused by mutations in the X-linked gene methyl-CpG-binding protein-2 (MeCP2). Following previously observed morphological defects in induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived neurons obtained from female RTT patients, we hypothesized transfection with the L1 cell adhesion molecule (L1) could contribute to normalizing a pathological male cell system bearing a nonsense mutation of MeCP2...
October 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050728/sirt1-acts-as-a-potential-tumor-suppressor-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#14
Yuan-Yuan Kang, Fu-Li Sun, Ying Zhang, Zhe Wang
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common malignant tumor in oral cancer, however, the mechanism underlying OSCC tumorigenesis is unknown. SIRT1, has been considered a prominent tumor-suppressing/promoting gene in various solid tumors, although the precise role of SIRT1 in OSCC progression remains unknown. METHODS: SIRT1 expression was assessed in surgically resected specimens from patients with OSCC for histopathologic factors. SIRT1 levels in OSCC were determined, SIRT1 overexpression was achieved on transfecting OSCC cells with a SIRT1-containing plasmid, followed by evaluation of proliferative ability and invasiveness of these cells...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050600/evaluation-of-disulfide-bond-conjugated-lmwsc-g-bpei-as-non-viral-vector-for-low-cytotoxicity-and-efficient-gene-delivery
#15
Gyeong-Won Jeong, Jae-Woon Nah
For efficient gene delivery, non-viral vectors should have high cellular uptake, excellent endosomal escape, and the ability to rapidly release the gene into the cytoplasm. Here, we developed a disulfide bond-conjugated bioreducible LMWSC-g-bPEI (LCP) composed of low molecular-weight water soluble chitosan (LMWSC), bPEI, and cystamine (Cys). The developed LCP had advantages such as low toxicity, great endosomal escape, and rapid release of pDNA into the cytoplasm. The polyplexes with LCP showed higher uptake into the nucleus and greater transfection efficiency than that without disulfide bond...
December 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050519/lncrna-pvt1-predicts-prognosis-and-regulates-tumor-growth-in-prostate-cancer
#16
Jin Yang, Cuirong Li, Ashley Mudd, Xiao Gu
Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plasmacytoma variant translocation 1(PVT1) was aberrantly expressed in various cancers and is associated with tumor prognosis. Here, we aim to investigate its function in prostate cancer. Small interfering RNA against PVT1 was transfected into prostate cancer cell lines and cell growth and apoptosis were analyzed. Our results showed that PVT1 was overexpressed in prostate cancer tissues and cells. Higher levels of PVT1 indicated poorer overall survival and disease-free survival...
October 20, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050490/mir-26a-regulates-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-calcification-in-vitro-through-targeting-ctgf
#17
W Wu, Y Q Shang, S L Dai, F Yi, X C Wang
Vascular calcification is one of the most important factors for high morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect and mechanism of miR-26a on vascular smooth muscle cell calcification. First, the VSMCs were induced by β-glycerol phosphate (β-GP) for 7d and 14d, and Alizarin Red S staining was performed to examine the mineralized nodule change; then real time RT-PCR and western blotting were performed to explore the expression of miR-26a, CTGF, OPG, RANKL and ALP in un-induced and β-GP-induced VSMCs; next, the VSMCs were transfected with miR-26a mimics, and Alizarin Red S staining was performed to examine the mineralized nodule change; finally, real time RT-PCR and western blotting were performed to explore the expression of miR-26a, CTGF, OPG, RANKL and ALP in un-transfected and miR-26a mimics transfected VSMCs...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050481/microrna-497-suppress-osteosarcoma-by-targeting-mapk-erk-pathway
#18
Z L Gui, T L Wu, G C Zhao, Z X Lin, H G Xu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to study the mechanism of miRNA-497 in the apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells. METHODS: MG-63 cells were divided into the three groups: NC, BL and miRNA groups, NC group were treated with nothing; BL group were transfected with blank vector; miRNA group were transfected with miRNA-497. Cell proliferation rate was detected by MTT method; Apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry and measuring the gene and protein expression of MAPK, Erk and P 21 by RT-PCR and Western blot...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050317/microrna-542-3p-inhibits-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-progression-by-inhibiting-ilk-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smad2-3-signaling
#19
Bin Qiao, Jing-Hua Cai, Alfred King-Yin Lam, Bao-Xia He
In this study, we investigated the effects of microRNA-542-3p (miR-542-3p) on ILK/TGF-β1/Smad2/3 signaling and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) progression. Levels of miR-542-3p were lower in OSCC tissues (n=108) than adjacent normal tissues, whereas levels of ILK, TGF-β1 and Smad2/3 were higher. Patients with undifferentiated tumors, advanced TNM stage and lymph node metastasis showed low miR-542-3p levels. This was accompanied by high ILK expression and poor survival. Dual luciferase reporter assays of SCC-9 cells showed that miR-542-3p inhibited ILK gene expression by binding to its 3'UTR at 233-240 bp...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050315/the-activation-of-src-family-kinases-and-focal-adhesion-kinase-with-the-loss-of-the-amplified-mutated-egfr-gene-contributes-to-the-resistance-to-afatinib-erlotinib-and-osimertinib-in-human-lung-cancer-cells
#20
Yuichi Murakami, Kahori Sonoda, Hideyuki Abe, Kosuke Watari, Daiki Kusakabe, Koichi Azuma, Akihiko Kawahara, Jun Akiba, Chitose Oneyama, Jonathan A Pachter, Kazuko Sakai, Kazuto Nishio, Michihiko Kuwano, Mayumi Ono
Second- and third-generation inhibitors of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase activity (EGFR-TKIs) are improving the treatment of patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Here we established two sublines (BR1-8 and BR2-3) resistant to a second-generation inhibitor, afatinib, from the human lung cancer cell line HCC827 that harbors a mutation that activates the tyrosine kinase activity of EGFR. These afatinib-resistant sublines were resistant to first-generation EGFR-TKIs, gefitinib and erlotinib, and a third-generation EGFR-TKI, osimertinib...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
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