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chlorogenic acid

Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Feng-Hua Li, Hong-Qing Wang, Xian-Ming Su, Chang-Kang Li, Bao-Ming Li, Ruo-Yun Chen, Jie Kang
Seventeen compounds were isolated from n-butanol extract of the leaves of Moringa oleifera, using column chromatography over macroporous resin HP-20,Sephadex LH-20, and ODS. Their structures were identified as two carboline,tangutorid E(1) and tangutorid F(2); three phenolic glycosides,niazirin(3),benzaldehyde 4-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside(4) and 4-O-β-D-glucopyranosidebenzoic acid(5); four chlorogenic acid and derivatives,4-caffeoylquinic acid(6),methyl 4-caffeoylquinate(7),caffeoylquinic acid(8) and methyl caffeoylquinate(9); two nucleosids,uridine(10) and adenosine(11); one flavone,quercetin 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(12); five other types of compounds,phthalimidineacetic acid(13),3-pyridinecarboxamide(14),3,4-dihydroxy-benzoic acid(15),5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxylic acid(16) and 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde(17) by the spectral data of ¹H, ¹³C-NMR and MS...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Qing-Jun Zou, Tao Wang, Qiao-Sheng Guo, You-Mei Xiao, Li-Wei Wu
To investigate the effects of the expression of flavonoid 3' hydroxylase gene ( F3'H) and active ingredients in Chrysanthemum morifolium under flooding stress, we cloned F3'H from Hangju (temporarily named CmF3'H ) and conducted bioinformatics analysis. During the flower bud differentiation stage, we flooded the Ch. morifolium and then used the Real-time PCR to detect the relative expression of CmF3'H ; Finally, active ingredients of the inflorescence were measured by HPLC.The sequencing results showed that 1 562 bp sequence was acquired with the largest open reading frame of 1 527 bp, which encoded 508 amino acids...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Catarina Guerreiro Pereira, Luísa Barreira, Sebastiaan Bijttebier, Luc Pieters, Cátia Marques, Tamára F Santos, Maria João Rodrigues, João Varela, Luísa Custódio
This work explored the biotechnological potential of the medicinal halophyte Artemisia campestris subsp. maritima (dune wormwood) as a source of health promoting commodities. For that purpose, infusions, decoctions and tinctures were prepared from roots and aerial-organs and evaluated for in vitro antioxidant, anti-diabetic and tyrosinase-inhibitory potential, and also for polyphenolic and mineral contents and toxicity. The dune wormwood extracts had high polyphenolic content and several phenolics were identified by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array-mass-spectrometry (UHPLC-PDA-MS)...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
María R Flores-Ocelotl, Nora H Rosas-Murrieta, Diego A Moreno, Verónica Vallejo-Ruiz, Julio Reyes-Leyva, Fabiola Domínguez, Gerardo Santos-López
BACKGROUND: Urtica dioica, Taraxacum officinale, Calea integrifolia and Caesalpinia pulcherrima are widely used all over the world for treatment of different illnesses. In Mexico, these plants are traditionally used to alleviate or counteract rheumatism and inflammatory muscle diseases. In the present study we evaluated the activity of aqueous and methanolic extracts of these four plants, on the replication of dengue virus serotype 2 (DENV2). METHODS: Extraction process was carried out in a Soxtherm® system at 60, 85 and 120 °C; a chemical fractionation in silica gel chromatography was performed and compounds present in the active fractions were identified by HPLC-DAD-ESI/MSn...
March 16, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Jiaxin Li, Yujie Wang, Jian Xue, Pengsi Wang, Shangmei Shi
To investigate the dietary exposure risk of flonicamid application on Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and the effect of flonicamid on constituents of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, field experiments were conducted in Fengqiu, Henan province, and flonicamid residue in samples collected was detected by gas chromatography equipped with electron capture detector (GC-ECD). And chlorogenic acid and luteoloside were determined by HPLC. Dietary exposure risk assessment was conducted through comparing the estimated daily intake (EDI) which was calculated by using the consumed residual level along with the acceptable daily intake (ADI)...
March 14, 2018: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Shuwei Zhang, Chun Yang, Emmanuel Idehen, Shi Lei, Lishuang Lv, Shengmin Sang
Black tea consumption has been associated with many health benefits including the prevention of cancer and heart disease. However, the chemical composition of black tea has not been fully explored. Most studies have examined different interactions between the four major tea catechins, and few studies have examined the interaction between catechins and other components in tea. In the present study, we tested our hypothesis that the ortho-dihydroxyl structure of chlorogenic acid (CGA) could react with the vic-trihydroxy structure of (-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) and (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC) to generate theaflavin-type of compounds during black tea fermentation...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Hyung-Jae Choi, Dae-Hun Park, Seung-Hui Song, In-Soo Yoon, Seung-Sik Cho
Dendropanax morbifera Leveille (Araliaceae) has been used in traditional oriental remedies for cancer, inflammation, diabetes, and thrombosis. However, a validated analytical method, standardization, and optimization of extraction conditions with respect to biological activity have not been reported. In this study, a simple and validated HPLC method for identifying and quantifying active substances in D. morbifera was developed. Hot water and ethanolic D. morbifera leaf extracts from different production regions were prepared and evaluated with regard to their chemical compositions and biological activities...
March 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ying Yan, Hui Zhao, Cuihua Chen, Lisi Zou, Xunhong Liu, Chuan Chai, Chengcheng Wang, Jingjing Shi, Shuyu Chen
Eucommia ulmoides Oilv. (EU), also called Du-zhong, is a classical traditional Chinese medicine. Its bark, leaf, and male flower are all used for medicinal purposes, called Eucommiae Cortex (EC), Eucommiae Folium (EF), and Eucommiae Flos Male (EFM). In order to study the difference in synthesis and the accumulation of metabolites in different parts of EU, a reliable method based on ultra-fast liquid chromatography tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was developed for the simultaneous determination of a total of 21 constituents, including two lignans, 6 iridoids, 6 penylpropanoids, 6 flavonoids, and one phenol in the samples (EC, EF, and EFM)...
March 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Neeraj K Sethiya, Alok Nahata, Pawan Kumar Singh, S H Mishra
OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the neuropharmacological effect of four herbs commonly identified as source of Shankhpushpi. BACKGROUND: Shankhpushpi is an Ayurvedic drug, widely used for its actions on the central nervous system, especially to improve intellect and boost memory. Four botanicals viz. Canscora decussata Schult. (CD), Clitorea ternatea Linn. (CT), Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy. (CP) and Evolvulus alsinoides Linn. (EA) are considered as sources of Shankhpushpi by Indian practitioners on the basis of their morphological descriptions given in ancient texts...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Sydney Moser, Ingrid Aragon, Amber Furrer, Jan-Willem Van Klinken, Melissa Kaczmarczyk, Byung-Hoo Lee, Judy George, Bruce R Hamaker, Richard Mattes, Mario G Ferruzzi
Beneficial effects of some phenolic compounds in modulation of carbohydrate digestion and glycemic response have been reported, however effects of phenolics from processed potato products on these endpoints are not well known. The aims of this study were to characterize phenolic profiles of fresh potatoes (purple, red, or white fleshed; 2 varieties each) and chips, and to examine the potential for potato phenolic extracts (PPE) to modulate starch digestion and intestinal glucose transport in model systems. Following in vitro assessment, a pilot clinical study (n=11) assessed differences in glycemic response and gastric emptying between chips from pigmented and white potatoes...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition Research
Jie Zhang, Tatsunori Sasaki, Wei Li, Kazuya Nagata, Koji Higai, Feng Feng, Jian Wang, Maosheng Cheng, Kazuo Koike
Considerable attention has been paid to protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibitors as a potential therapy for diabetes, obesity, and cancer. Ten caffeoylquinic acid derivatives (1-10) from leaves of Artemisia princeps Pamp. (Asteraceae) were identified as natural PTP1B inhibitors. Among them, chlorogenic acid (3) showed the most potent inhibitory activity (IC50 11.1 μM). Compound 3 was demonstrated to be a noncompetitive inhibitor by a kinetic analysis. Molecular docking simulation suggested that compound 3 bound to the allosteric site of PTP1B...
March 6, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Simona Piccolella, Giuseppina Crescente, Paola Nocera, Francesca Pacifico, Lorenzo Manti, Severina Pacifico
The current cancer treatment scenario lacks drugs acting as both radiosensitizer and radioprotector agents. In this context, the radiomodulatory properties exerted by an aqueous extract from the fruits of the Italian Prunus avium cv. Della Recca (PaDRw) were investigated. The extract, obtained through an environmentally-friendly ultrasound-assisted extraction, seemed to act as a radioprotector at lower tested doses (25 and 50 μg mL-1 ) and a radiosensitizer at 400 and 500 μg mL-1 dose levels towards the neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line, irradiated with four graded X-ray doses (0, 0...
March 8, 2018: Food & Function
Marzena Matejczyk, Renata Swislocka, Monika Kalinowska, Grzegorz Widerskp, Wlodzimierz Lewandowsk, Agata Jablonska-Trypuo, Stanislaw Jozef Rosochacki
Cinnamic acid and its derivatives are important and promising compounds in cancer therapy, because of its broad spectrum of anicancer and antioxidative ability, and with high potential for development into new generation drugs. The aim of this study was to compare the cyto- and genotoxic effects of cinnamic acid and its derivatives with the use of4Escherichia coli K-12 recA::gfp microbial biosensor strain with plasmid fusion of recA promoter and gfp gene as reporter. Obtained results indicate that recA::gfpmut2 genetic system was a sensitive biosensor to the most chemicals tested in our experiments...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Atefeh Bahmanzadegan, Vahid Rowshan, Faraneh Zareiyan, Ahmad Hatami
Lagoecia cuminoides L. belongs to the family of Umbelliferae (Apiaceae), and known also as common wild cumin. The aerial parts of L. cuminoides were collected at the flowering stage and dried, then the methanolic extract was analyzed for polyphenol compounds identified by HPLC-DAD and antioxidant activity (DPPH(2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging assay). It was found that the predominant phenolic constituents were chlorogenic acid, hesperidin, rosmarinic acid, hesperetin and vanillin. The antioxidant activity of methanolic extract from L...
March 7, 2018: Natural Product Research
Muhammad Torequl Islam, Shams Tabrez, Nasimudeen R Jabir, Murtaza Ali, Mohammad A Kamal, Lidiane da Silva Araujo, Jose Victor De Oliveira Santos, Ana Maria Oliveira Ferreira Da Mata, Rai Pablo Sousa De Aguiar, Ana Amelia de Carvalho Melo Cavalcante
The popular drink, coffee (Coffea arabica) is under the great attention of late because of its promising pharmacological potential. Caffeine (the major constituent of coffee) is known for its prominent psychoactive impact. This review aims at highlighting the therapeutic potentials of caffeine and other five coffee components viz. caffeic acid, chlorogenic acids, cafestol, ferulic acid and kahweol and their suggested mechanisms of action. A number of pharmacological activities are attributed to these components that include anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, anti-microbial, anti-cancer, cardioprotective and neuroprotective effects...
March 2, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
Shima Sadeghi Ekbatan, Xiu-Qing Li, Mohammad Ghorbani, Behnam Azadi, Stan Kubow
Chlorogenic acid (CGA) decreases colon cancer-cell proliferation but the combined anti-cancer effects of CGA with its major colonic microbial metabolites, caffeic acid (CA), 3-phenylpropionic acid (3-PPA) and benzoic acid (BA), needs elucidation as they occur together in colonic digesta. Caco-2 cancer cells were treated for 24 h with the four compounds individually (50-1000 µM) and as an equimolar ratio (1:1:1:1; MIX). The effective concentration to decrease cell proliferation by 50% (EC50 ) was lower for MIX (431 ± 51...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
B A Pereira, B R Chaves, M C Teles, T P Pontelo, C R Oliveira, R V de Souza, J E Rodríguez-Gil, M G Zangeronimo
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chlorogenic acid (ChA) in boar semen stored at 15°C. Twelve ejaculates were processed into insemination doses at different concentrations of ChA (0.0, 1.5, 3.0, 4.0 and 6.0 mg/ml) or vitamin E (200 μl/ml) as positive control. Semen was analysed after 0, 24 and 72 hr of storage. ChA improved (p < .05) sperm motility, acrosome integrity and mitochondrial activity in all periods of storage. Furthermore, after 24 hr of storage, ChA above 1.5 mg/ml supported the sperm viability until 120 min after reheating (p < ...
March 5, 2018: Andrologia
Robert S Amoah, Leon A Terry
BACKGROUND: The potential of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) to maintain postharvest storage of sweetpotato was studied. In two separate experiments, the orange-fleshed sweetpotato cv. Covington was fumigated with 1-MCP (1.0 μL L-1 , 24 h) and roots stored at 15o C. During storage, samples were evaluated for the respiration rate, sprout growth, weight loss, incidence of decay and changes in dry matter. The roots were further assayed for the temporal changes in individual non-structural carbohydrates and phenolic compounds in the skin and flesh tissues of the proximal (stem end), middle, and distal (root end) regions...
March 6, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Ismail Koyuncu
In the treatment of cancer, which remains a fatal disease, increasingly successful treatment rates of alternative therapies using the power of plants have directed the scientific world towards natural plant resources. This study aimed to examine the anti-cancer and antioxidant properties and identify the phenolic content of the methanolic extract obtained from Artemisia absinthium L. (AR) species, which is used as folk-medicine. The antioxidant activity of the extract was investigated using total phenolics, flavonoids, ABTS and CUPRAC methods...
February 28, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
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