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chlorogenic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635261/novel-protein-based-solid-biosensor-for-determining-pro-oxidant-activity-of-phenolic-compounds
#1
Esin Akyüz, Kevser Sözgen Başkan, Esma Tütem, Reşat Apak
To develop a protein‒based biosensor measuring the pro-oxidant activities of phenolic compounds, egg white proteins were precipitated with calcium chloride to obtain an insoluble calcium proteinate complex. This biosensor was used for the determination of Cu(II)‒induced pro-oxidant activity of antioxidants such as gallic acid, catechin, epicatechin, quercetin, chlorogenic acid and myricetin, and ascorbic acid. This assay involved the reduction of Cu(II) ions to Cu(I) by antioxidant compounds (simultaneously giving rise to reactive oxygen species) and binding of the formed Cu(I) to the solid biosensor...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630625/quantification-of-antioxidant-phenolic-compounds-in-a-new-chrysanthemum-cultivar-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-diode-array-detection-and-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#2
Ah-Reum Han, Hyo Young Kim, Yangkang So, Bomi Nam, Ik-Soo Lee, Joo-Won Nam, Yeong Deuk Jo, Sang Hoon Kim, Jin-Baek Kim, Si-Yong Kang, Chang Hyun Jin
The flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. have been used as an herbal tea and in traditional medicine, and the plant has been developed to produce horticultural cultivars of various colors and shapes. In this study, a new chrysanthemum cultivar with dark purple petals (C. morifolium cv. ARTI-Dark Chocolate; ADC) was developed by radiation-induced mutation breeding of its original cultivar with purple striped white petals (C. morifolium cv. Noble Wine, NW). The phenolic profile and antioxidant property of ADC were investigated and compared with NW and the commercially available medicinal herb, C...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627269/profiling-and-identification-of-chlorogenic-acid-metabolites-in-rats-by-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-linear-ion-trap-orbitrap-mass-spectrometer
#3
Fei Wang, Zhanpeng Shang, Lulu Xu, Zhibin Wang, Wenjing Zhao, XiaoDan Mei, Jianqiu Lu, Jiangyu Zhang
1. Chlorogenic acids (CGAs), one kind of major bioactive constituents isolated from Flos Lonicerae Japonicae, possess many biological activities, such as antibacterial, antioxidant, and antiviral activities. In this study, we established an efficient strategy using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS) to profile the in vivo metabolic fate of CGAs in rat urine and plasma. 2. The extract from Flos Lonicerae Japonicae was orally administrated to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats at a dose of 1000 mg/kg body weight...
June 19, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626486/solanum-paranense-extracts-and-solanine-present-anti-inflammatory-activity-in-an-acute-skin-inflammation-model-in-mice
#4
Mariana Piana, Camila Camponogara, Aline Augusti Boligon, Sara Marchesan Oliveira
The aim of the study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of the S. paranense crude extract, S. paranense alkaloid fraction, and solanine alkaloid. These samples reduce the croton oil-induced ear edema in a dose-dependent manner and a maximum inhibition of 81%, 98%, and 80% in the doses of 1.0, 0.73, and 0.37 mg/ear, respectively. Moreover, the samples inhibit the MPO activity with an inhibition maximum of 51%, 40%, and 46% in the doses of 1.0, 0.73, and 0.37 mg/ear, respectively. Similar results were found for dexamethasone 0...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625148/affinity-crystallography-reveals-the-bioactive-compounds-of-industrial-juicing-byproducts-of-punica-granatum-for-glycogen-phosphorylase
#5
George A Stravodimos, Anastassia L Kantsadi, Anna Apostolou, Efthimios Kyriakis, Vassiliki-Nafsika Kafaski-Kanelli, Theodora G A Solovou, Pagona Gatzona, Panagiota Cv Liggri, Stavroula Theofanous, Vyron A Gorgogietas, Apostolia Kissa, Chariklia Psachoula, Demetra S M Chatzileontiadou, Angelos Lemonakis, Anna-Maria G Psarra, Vassiliki T Skamnaki, Serkos Haroutounian, Demetres D Leonidas
BACKGROUND: Glycogen phosphorylase (GP) is a pharmaceutical target for the discovery of new antihyperglycaemic agents. Punica granatum is a well-known plant for its potent antioxidant and antimicrobial activities but so far has not been examined for antihyperglycaemic activity. OBJECTIVE: To examine the inhibitory potency of eighteen polyphenolic extracts obtained from Punica granatum fruits and industrial juicing byproducts against GP and discover their most bioactive ingredients...
June 18, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623784/antihypertensive-and-vasodilator-effects-of-methanolic-extract-of-inula-viscosa-biological-evaluation-and-pom-analysis-of-cynarin-chlorogenic-acid-as-potential-hypertensive
#6
Zineb Hakkou, Alexandre Maciuk, Veronique Leblais, Nour Elhouda Bouanani, Hassane Mekhfi, Mohammed Bnouham, Mohammed Aziz, Abderrahime Ziyyat, Abdur Rauf, Taibi Ben Hadda, Usama Shaheen, Seema Patel, Rodolphe Fischmeister, Abdelkhaleq Legssyer
BACKGROUND: Inula viscosa L. (Asteraceae) is a medicinal plant widely used as a folk medicine in oriental Morocco, to treat hypertension. The antihypertensive effect of the methanolic extract obtained from I. viscosa leaves was evaluated in hypertensive L-NAME rats. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured using a non-invasive indirect tail-cuff plethysmographic method. Four groups of rats were used: a control group; a hypertensive group treated with L-NAME (32mg/kg/day); a positive control group treated with L-NAME plus enalapril (15mg/kg/day) as a reference antihypertensive agent; and a group treated with L-NAME plus MeOH-extract (40mg/kg/day)...
June 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623112/protective-and-prophylactic-effects-of-chlorogenic-acid-on-aluminum-induced-acute-hepatotoxicity-and-hematotoxicity-in-mice
#7
Dai Cheng, Xinyu Zhang, Lihan Xu, Xiang Li, Lihua Hou, Chunling Wang
The possible health impact of the exposures to Al from environment would be inevitable for humans. Using chelating agents and natural antioxidants against Al-induced biotoxicity become a natural and modern way to prevent the adverse effects of Al in people. This study was undertaken to determine the effectiveness of chlorogenic acid (CGA, 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid) in preventing aluminum chloride (AlCl3) induced hepatotoxicity and hematotoxicity in mice. Control, Al-treated (a single injection of 25 mg Al(3+)/kg, i...
June 13, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622602/assessment-of-the-phenolic-profile-antimicrobial-activity-and-oxidative-stability-of-transgenic-perilla-frutescens-l-overexpressing-tocopherol-methyltransferase-%C3%AE-tmt-gene
#8
Bimal Kumar Ghimire, Chang Yeon Yu, Ill-Min Chung
This study evaluated the effects of enhanced concentrations of α-tocopherol and phenolic compounds on the resistance and stability of Perilla oil in transgenic Perilla frutescens plants against various tested pathogenic bacteria by over-expressing the γ-tmt gene. The concentration of phenolic compounds in the non-transgenic samples was 9313.198 ± 18.887 μg g(-1) dry weight (DW), whereas the total concentration of the transgenic samples ranged from 9118.015 ± 18.822 to 10527.612 ± 20.411 μg g(-1) DW...
June 7, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622119/caffeine-adsorption-of-montmorillonite-in-coffee-extracts
#9
Takashi Shiono, Kenichiro Yamamoto, Yuko Yotsumoto, Aruto Yoshida
The growth in health-conscious consumers continues to drive the demand for a wide variety of decaffeinated beverages. We previously developed a new technology using montmorillonite (MMT) in selective decaffeination of tea extract. This study evaluated and compared decaffeination of coffee extract using MMT and activated carbon (AC). MMT adsorbed caffeine without significant adsorption of caffeoylquinic acids (CQAs), feruloylquinic acids (FQAs), dicaffeoylquinic acids (di-CQAs), or caffeoylquinic lactones (CQLs)...
June 16, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618341/analytical-profiling-of-selected-antioxidants-and-total-antioxidant-capacity-of-goji-lycium-spp-berries
#10
Michele Protti, Isacco Gualandi, Roberto Mandrioli, Sergio Zappoli, Domenica Tonelli, Laura Mercolini
Goji berries and derived products represent a relevant source of micronutrients, most of which are natural antioxidants and contribute to the high nutritional quality of these fruits. Three brands of dried goji berries have been analysed by a multidisciplinary approach to get an insight into both their content of selected antioxidants and their antioxidant capacity (AC). The former goal has been achieved by developing a liquid chromatographic method coupled to mass spectrometry and combined to a fast solid phase extraction...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613019/a-mystery-of-a-cup-of-coffee-an-insight-look-by-chemist
#11
REVIEW
Joanna Karpinska, Renata Świsłocka, Włodzimierz Lewandowski
Fruits, vegetables as well as processed food products of plant origin are a rich source of beneficial for human health constituents. Among them the polyphenols constitute a large group of compounds. The presented literature survey is devoted to chlorogenic acid the most abundant representative of cinnamate acids esters. Its chemical as well as biological properties are described. © 2017 BioFactors, 2017.
June 14, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611815/interactions-between-plant-metabolites-affect-herbivores-a-study-with-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-and-chlorogenic-acid
#12
Xiaojie Liu, Klaas Vrieling, Peter G L Klinkhamer
The high structural diversity of plant metabolites suggests that interactions among them should be common. We investigated the effects of single metabolites and combinations of plant metabolites on insect herbivores. In particular we studied the interacting effects of pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PAs), and chlorogenic acid (CGA), on a generalist herbivore, Frankliniella occidentalis. We studied both the predominantly occurring PA N-oxides and the less frequent PA free bases. We found antagonistic effects between CGA and PA free bases on thrips mortality...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609699/study-on-major-antitumor-components-in-yinchenhao-decoction-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-based-on-hollow-fiber-cell-fishing-coupled-with-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#13
Di Wu, Xuan Chen, Shuang Hu, Xiaohong Bai
Hollow fiber cell fishing (HFCF) based on human hepatoma cell HepG-2 or human renal tubular cell ACHN coupled with high performance liquid chromatography/ultraviolet detection (HPLC/UV) was developed and used for simultaneous study of the major antitumor active components in a formula of Yinchenhao decoction (YCHD) in vitro and in vivo, and in its constituent herbs, namely, Artemisia capillaris Thunb, Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, Radix et Rhizoma Rhei in vitro. Before application, chlorogenic acid, geniposide, p-hydroxyacetophenone, crocin and rhein were chosen as model compounds, the various validations, e...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606042/isolation-of-chlorogenic-acid-from-soil-borne-fungi-screlotium-rolfsii-their-reversal-of-multidrug-resistance-and-anti-proliferative-in-mouse-lymphoma-cells
#14
Bashir Ahmad, Muhammad Rizwan, Abdur Rauf, Muslim Raza, Shumaila Bashir, Joseph Molnáre, Ákos Csonka, Diána Szabó, Mohammad S Mubarak, Mah Noor, Bina S Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: Fungi performing a wide range of function in soil by secreting low molecular weight compound known as secondary metabolites. S. rolfsii is a soil borne phytopathogenic fungi was used for the production of bioactive compounds. OBJECTIVE: The present study belongs to evaluate the anticancer potentials of a secondary metabolites isolated from S. rolfsii, their multidrug resistance (MDR), and molecular docking study. METHOD: (1S,3R,4R,5R,E)-3-(3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)acryloyloxy)-1,4,5 trihydroxycyclohexanecarboxylic acid (1), or best known as chlorogenic acid, was isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of crude secondary metabolites produced by the soil borne Fungus Screlotium rolfsii...
June 12, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605826/inhibition-of-hazardous-compound-formation-in-muscle-foods-by-antioxidative-phytophenols
#15
REVIEW
Youling L Xiong
Individual and mixed herbal extracts, as well as plant spices, are widely used in the preparation of muscle foods to enhance the organoleptic attributes. Abundantly rich in phenolic compounds, many of the phytochemical extracts have been shown to possess strong radical-scavenging and metal ion-binding properties and hence exert antioxidant activity in meat products. Because of their antiradical nature, phenolic acids and flavonoids, such as tea catechins, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, and mixed polyphenols derived from rosemary, licorice, and other herbal materials, are capable of inhibiting the formation of harmful secondary products from oxidized lipids and proteins...
June 12, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603802/sensitive-determination-of-chlorogenic-acid-in-pharmaceutical-products-based-on-the-decoration-of-3d-macroporous-carbon-with-au-nanoparticles-via-polyoxometalates
#16
Tongrui Zhang, Mengjun Liu, Qianqian Zhang, Yeyu Wang, Xiangyi Kong, Lei Wang, Huan Wang, Yufan Zhang
A simple and sensitive electrochemical sensor is constructed for the detection of chlorogenic acid (CGA) based on Au nanoparticles (NPs)/polyoxometalates/3D macroporous carbon (Au-POMs-MPC). Serving as both a reducing and stabilizing agent, the Keggin-type POM, H3PW12O40, is used for the synthesis of stable colloidal Au NPs and then used to link them to MPC at a mild temperature. Because of the unique structural properties and synergetic catalytic effect, Au-POMs-MPC can be developed as an effective sensing platform for the detection of CGA, which showed high activity and excellent analytical performance towards CGA, such as a wide linear range of 2...
June 12, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597418/influence-of-led-light-spectra-on-in-vitro-somatic-embryogenesis-and-lc-ms-analysis-of-chlorogenic-acid-and-rutin-in-peucedanum-japonicum-thunb-a-medicinal-herb
#17
Chia-Chen Chen, Dinesh Chandra Agrawal, Maw-Rong Lee, Ren-Jye Lee, Chao-Lin Kuo, Chi-Rei Wu, Hsin-Sheng Tsay, Hung-Chi Chang
BACKGROUND: Peucedanum japonicum Thunb, an important medicinal herb is reported to possess pharmacological properties such as anti-obesity, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-diabetic and anti-platelet aggregation. The present study aimed to develop an in vitro plant regeneration system of P. japonicum via somatic embryogenesis and to analyse chlorogenic acid and rutin contents in a few commercially available plant products of P. japonicum in Japan and Taiwan markets, and tissue culture plants derived from somatic embryos...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593520/antioxidant-properties-and-polyphenolic-content-in-terrestrial-cyanobacteria
#18
Dhananjaya P Singh, Ratna Prabha, Shaloo Verma, Kamlesh K Meena, Mahesh Yandigeri
Cell-free extracts of twenty terrestrial cyanobacteria were evaluated for their antioxidant properties in terms of free-radical scavenging (DPPH and ABTS) and metal chelating activity and deoxyribose protection. Extract of Anabaena constricta was the most prominent antioxidant agent (IC50 for DPPH activity 0.91 mg ml(-1), ABTS 0.23 mg ml(-1), deoxyribose protection 0.63 mg ml(-1) and Fe(+2)-ion chelating 0.9 mg ml(-1)). The extracts of cyanobacterial species contained high quantity of total phenol and total flavonoid that were supposed to impart prominent antioxidant properties...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591430/qualitative-hplc-dad-esi-tof-ms-analysis-cytotoxic-and-apoptotic-effects-of-croatian-endemic-centaurea-ragusina-l-aqueous-extracts
#19
Mila Radan, Ivana Carev, Vele Tešević, Olivera Politeo, Vedrana Čikeš Čulić
Centaurea ragusina L., an endemic Croatian plant species, revealed a good cytotoxic activity of aqueous extracts on human bladder (T24) and human glioblastoma (A1235) cancer cell lines. The chemical constituents were tentatively identified using high performance liquid chromatography HPLC-DAD-ESI-TOF-MS in negative ionization mode. The main compounds of herba extract were sesquiterpene lactones: solstitialin A-3, 13 diacetate and epoxyrepdiolide; organic acid: quinic acid. The main compounds of flower extract were organic acids: quinic acid, citric acid and malic acid; sesquiterpene lactone: cynaropicrin; phenolic compounds: chlorogenic acid and phenylpropanoid: syringin...
June 7, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590446/fruits-of-black-chokeberry-aronia-melanocarpa-in-the-prevention-of-chronic-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Tunde Jurikova, Jiri Mlcek, Sona Skrovankova, Daniela Sumczynski, Jiri Sochor, Irena Hlavacova, Lukas Snopek, Jana Orsavova
In recent years, growing attention has been focused on the utilization of natural sources of antioxidants in the prevention of chronic diseases. Black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) represents a lesser known fruit species utilized mainly as juices, purees, jams, jellies and wine, as important food colorants or nutritional supplements. The fruit is valued as a great source of antioxidants, especially polyphenols, such as phenolic acids (neochlorogenic and chlorogenic acids) and flavonoids (anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, flavanols and flavonols), particularly cyanidin-3-galactoside and cyanidin-3-arabinoside, as well as (-)-epicatechin units...
June 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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