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Physical activity behavior sedentary

Myoungock Jang, Sangchoon Jeon, Soohyun Nam, Hee-Jung Song, Robin Whittemore
There is limited understanding about the obesity-related behaviors of diet, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in Korean American women. The purpose of this study was to cluster obesity-related behavior patterns of Korean American women and to examine group differences in acculturation, socioeconomic status (SES), and body mass index (BMI). A secondary analysis from a cross-sectional study was conducted using two-step cluster analysis for clustering groups. A total of 137 Korean American women ( M age = 42...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Gaia Sampogna, Andrea Fiorillo, Mario Luciano, Valeria Del Vecchio, Luca Steardo, Benedetta Pocai, Marina Barone, Mario Amore, Francesca Pacitti, Liliana Dell'Osso, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Mario Maj
Patients with severe mental disorders die on average 20 years prior to the general population. This mortality gap is mainly due to the higher prevalence of physical diseases and the adoption of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors.The LIFESTYLE trial aims to evaluate the efficacy of a new psychosocial group intervention (including psychoeducational, motivational, and problem-solving techniques) focused on healthy lifestyle behavior compared to a brief educational group intervention in a community sample of patients with severe mental disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Bonnie Spring, Christine Pellegrini, H G McFadden, Angela Fidler Pfammatter, Tammy K Stump, Juned Siddique, Abby C King, Donald Hedeker
BACKGROUND: Prevalent co-occurring poor diet and physical inactivity convey chronic disease risk to the population. Large magnitude behavior change can improve behaviors to recommended levels, but multiple behavior change interventions produce small, poorly maintained effects. OBJECTIVE: The Make Better Choices 2 trial tested whether a multicomponent intervention integrating mHealth, modest incentives, and remote coaching could sustainably improve diet and activity...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Samuel Headley, Jasmin Hutchinson, Sarah Wooley, Kristen Dempsey, Kelvin Phan, Gregory Spicer, Xanne Janssen, Jerold Laguilles, Tracey Matthews
BACKGROUND: High levels of sedentary behavior are linked to increased mortality. In the United States, individuals spend 55-70% of their waking day being sedentary. Since most individuals spend large portions of their daily lives at work, quantifying the time engaged in sedentary behavior at work is emerging as an important health determinant. Studies profiling academic institutions, where a variety of personnel with diverse job descriptions are employed, are limited. Available studies focus mostly on subjective methods, with few using objective approaches...
June 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
Katia Gallegos-Carrillo, Britni R Belcher, Genevieve F Dunton, Jonathan M Samet, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati
BACKGROUND: This study examined the influence of migration status, nativity and country of residence on joint associations of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in anthropometric indicators of Mexicans and Mexican-Americans living in the US and in Mexico. METHODS: We examined data from two large national surveys, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from the US (NHANES, 2011⁻2012) and Mexico (ENSANUT, 2012). Using self-reported minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity and SB, we calculated four categories for analyses...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jameason D Cameron, Éric Doucet, Kristi B Adamo, Mark Walker, Alessandro Tirelli, Joel D Barnes, Kaamel Hafizi, Marisa Murray, Gary S Goldfield
BACKGROUND: Maternal prenatal smoking is associated with downstream childhood obesity. Although animal research suggests reduced resting energy expenditure (REE), decreased physical activity (PA), and increased energy intake as mechanisms, these relationships are unclear in humans. The objectives were to examine the association of prenatal maternal smoking with non-volitional energy expenditure (REE and the thermic effect of feeding [TEF]), child adiposity, energy intake, free-living PA (daily light PA (LPA), daily moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), daily sedentary behavior (SB)), and screen time (television and computer/video game) in children...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Leandro Fórnias Machado de Rezende, Juan Pablo Rey-López, Thiago Hérick de Sá, Nicholas Chartres, Alice Fabbri, Lauren Powell, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Lisa Bero
Reporting bias in the literature occurs when there is selective revealing or suppression of results, influenced by the direction of findings. We assessed the risk of reporting bias in the epidemiological literature on health-related behavior (tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical activity, and sedentary behavior) and cardiovascular disease mortality and all-cause mortality and provided a comparative assessment of reporting bias between health-related behavior and statin (in primary prevention) meta-analyses. We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Methodology Register Database, and Web of Science for systematic reviews synthesizing the associations of health-related behavior and statins with cardiovascular disease mortality and all-cause mortality published between 2010 and 2016...
June 18, 2018: PLoS Biology
Ashley B Sanders, David E Conroy, Kathryn H Schmitz, Niraj Gusani
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) profiles in older gastrointestinal (GI) cancer survivors, assess their interest in interventions to modify these behaviors, and evaluate the acceptability of digital tools for delivering interventions to modify these behaviors. METHODS: Survivors (M = 65 years) from an outpatient survivorship clinic at the Penn State Cancer Institute completed a questionnaire during a clinic appointment...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Nuria Rosique-Esteban, Nancy Babio, Andrés Díaz-López, Dora Romaguera, J Alfredo Martínez, Vicente Martin Sanchez, Helmut Schröder, Ramón Estruch, Josep Vidal, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Jadwiga Konieczna, Itziar Abete, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
AIMS: We aimed to examine the associations of leisure-time physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) with the prevalence of sarcopenia, body composition and muscle strength among older adults having overweight/obesity and metabolic syndrome, from the PREDIMED-Plus trial. METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline analysis including 1539 men and women (65 ± 5 y). Sarcopenia was defined as low muscle mass (according to FNIH cut-offs) plus low muscle strength (lowest sex-specific tertile for 30-s chair-stand test)...
June 6, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Tamara Glavinovic, Thomas Ferguson, Paul Komenda, Claudio Rigatto, Todd A Duhamel, Navdeep Tangri, Clara Bohm
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behavior and low physical activity are associated with incident diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and early mortality. Previous studies have examined associations between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and physical activity, but little is known about the role of sedentary time. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional national survey. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative sample of adults (n=8,444) participating in the Canadian Health Measures Survey's (CHMS) activity monitoring component (2007-2013)...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Simon Manuel Ewers, Malte Christian Claussen
Sport as applied therapy in patients with schizophrenic psychoses Abstract. Schizophrenic psychoses are serious mental illnesses associated with low life expectancy compared with healthy individuals and other psychiatric disorders. Overweight and associated health problems such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and smoking-associated lung disease have been shown to be risk factors related to high mortality. Low physical activity and increased sedentary behavior have been identified as the most important behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in people with schizophrenia...
June 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Raeana E Newberry, Derek J Dean, Madison D Sayyah, Vijay A Mittal
BACKGROUND: Exercise has increasingly been proposed as a healthful intervention prior to and after the onset of psychosis. There is some evidence to suggest that youth at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis are less physically active and report more barriers to engaging in exercise; however, there has been relatively limited empirical work documenting this phenomenon, and to date, relationships between physical activity, barriers, and clinical phenomenology have been unclear. METHODS: CHR (N = 51) and healthy control (N = 37) participants completed a structured clinical interview assessing attenuated psychotic symptoms and substance use, and an exercise survey that assessed current exercise practices, perceived physical fitness, and barriers related to engaging in exercise...
June 13, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Haijun Guo, Caicui Ding, Fan Yuan, Yan Zhang, Zheng Chen, Ailing Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the leisure time sedentary behavior and related sociodemographic factors among Chinese adults. METHODS: The data were collected by the physical activity questionnaire of 2012 Chinese Nutrition and Health Survey, a total of142 369 subjects aged 18 years and over( male 62 563, female 79 806) were investigated about their sedentary behavior in leisure time. RESULTS: The average hour of total sedentary activities was 2. 66 h/d...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Nidhi Gupta, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Glòria Mateu-Figueras, Marina Heiden, David M Hallman, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Andreas Holtermann
BACKGROUND: Data on time spent in physical activity, sedentary behavior and sleep during a day is compositional in nature, i.e. they add up to a constant value. Compositional data have fundamentally different properties from unconstrained data in real space, and require other analytical procedures, referred to as compositional data analysis (CoDA). Most physical activity and sedentary behavior studies, however, still apply analytical procedures adapted to data in real space, which can lead to misleading results...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
James Arnaez, Georgia Frey, Donetta Cothran, Margaret Lion, Andrea Chomistek
BACKGROUND: Video and hobby gaming are immensely popular among adults; however, associations between gaming and health have primarily been investigated in children and adolescents. Furthermore, most research has focused on electronic gaming, despite traditional hobby gaming gaining prominence. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the number of platforms used, platform preference, and gaming time are associated with obesity, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and cardiovascular risk factors in an adult gaming population...
June 12, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
Daniela Schmid, Charles E Matthews, Michael F Leitzmann
BACKGROUND: The relations of physical activity and sedentary behavior to mortality risk among patients with renal cell cancer have not yet been evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study among 667 renal cell cancer survivors aged 50-71 years of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-AARP Diet and Health Study with a median follow-up time of 7.1 years. Post-diagnosis physical activity, TV viewing, and total sitting time were assessed using self-administered questionnaires...
2018: PloS One
Hongjun Yu, Andiara Schwingel
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between sedentary behavior, physical activity, and health care expenditures among Chinese older adults. METHOD: We conducted a survey on 4,165 older men and women living in major cities in China. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) questionnaire. Healthcare costs were assessed by self-reported out-of-pocket health care expenditures across outpatient care, inpatient care, medication, and formal caregiver expenses...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Katja Rajala, Anna Kankaanpää, Kaarlo Laine, Hannu Itkonen, Elizabeth Goodman, Tuija Tammelin
This study examined the associations of subjective social status (SSS) with physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) among adolescents. The study population consisted of 420 Finnish adolescents aged 13 to 14 years. The adolescents reported their own SSS within their school (school SSS) and their family's social position within society (society SSS) based on the youth version of the Subjective Social Status Scale. Adolescents' moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and ST were measured objectively by accelerometers and analyzed separately for the whole day and the school day...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Carolyn R Bates, Amy M Bohnert, Dana E Gerstein
Children from low-income families are increasingly growing up in urban areas with limited access to nature. In these environments, strategies that promote access to natural outdoor spaces, such as green schoolyards, may enhance positive youth development outcomes by promoting physical activity (PA) and prosocial behavior, as well as increasing perceptions of safety. The current study examines children's PA and social interactions, as well as caregiver and teacher perceptions of safety, injuries, teasing/bullying, and gang activity on three newly renovated green schoolyards in low-income urban neighborhoods...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jacqueline Lammert, Sabine Grill, Marion Kiechle
Increasing rates of obesity, lack of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and frequent alcohol consumption are major lifestyle-related risk factors for breast cancer. In fact, it has been estimated that about one-third of breast cancer cases are attributable to factors women can change. Most research has focused on examining the impact of one single exposure on breast cancer risk while adjusting for other risk modifiers. Capitalizing on big data, major efforts have been made to evaluate the combined impact of well-established lifestyle factors on overall breast cancer risk...
April 2018: Breast Care
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