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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529225/sedentary-behavior-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-latino-adults
#1
Valerie Silfee, Stephenie Lemon, Vilma Lora, Milagros Rosal
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior has been associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among primarily White samples, while studies among Latinos have shown mixed results. PURPOSE: To explore relationships between sedentary behavior and CVD risk factors among a sample of Latino adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 602 Latino adults. Surveys of sedentary behavior and physical activity were orally administered. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, waist circumference, and blood pressure...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526365/calibration-and-validation-of-the-youth-activity-profile-the-flashe-study
#2
Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Youngwon Kim, Paul Hibbing, April Y Oh, Frank M Perna, Gregory J Welk
INTRODUCTION: This study describes the calibration and validity of the Youth Activity Profile (YAP) for use in the National Cancer Institute's Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) study. The calibrated YAP was designed to estimate minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB). METHODS: The YAP was calibrated/validated in adolescents (aged 12-17 years) using cross-sectional data from the FLASHE study. Participants wore a GT3X+ ActiGraph on the dominant wrist for 7 days and then completed the YAP...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526364/surveillance-of-youth-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-with-wrist-accelerometry
#3
Youngwon Kim, Paul Hibbing, Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Laura D Ellingson, Erin Hennessy, Dana L Wolff-Hughes, Frank M Perna, Gregory J Welk
INTRODUCTION: Accurate tracking of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) is important to advance public health, but little is known about how to interpret wrist-worn accelerometer data. This study compares youth estimates of SB and moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) obtained using raw and count-based processing methods. METHODS: Data were collected between April and October 2014 for the National Cancer Institute's Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study: a cross-sectional Internet-based study of youth/family cancer prevention behaviors...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524729/preschoolers-physical-activity-participation-across-a-yearlong-mastery-motivational-climate-intervention
#4
Danielle D Wadsworth, Mary E Rudisill, Peter A Hastie, Jacqueline M Irwin, Mynor G Rodriguez-Hernandez
PURPOSE: This study sought to determine how children's participation in physical activity during a mastery-motivational climate changed during a 20-week intervention and to compare it to children's free-play activity during a typical day at their local day-care facility. METHOD: Twelve 4-year-old children participated in a mastery-motivational climate physical activity program delivered 2 days a week for 20 weeks during a period of 8 months. All children were fitted with an Actigraph GT3X triaxial accelerometer...
May 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515831/the-relationship-of-living-environment-with-behavioral-and-fitness-outcomes-by-sex-an-exploratory-study-in-college-aged-students
#5
Kaelah Shaffer, Melissa Bopp, Zack Papalia, Dangaia Sims, Christopher M Bopp
Although physical activity (PA) is associated with several health benefits, there is a marked decline during college years, which is an influential period for the development of health behaviors. This study examined the relationship of neighborhood and living environment with behavioral (PA and sedentary behavior) and fitness outcomes by sex. Participants were college students that participated in a fitness assessment, followed by a survey that measured self-reported exercise and perception of one's environment (sidewalks, crime, traffic, access to PA resources in their neighborhood and/or apartment complex)...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513257/factors-associated-with-levels-of-physical-activity-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-the-role-of-dialysis-versus-non-dialysis-day
#6
Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Danilo Yuzo Nishimoto, Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior, Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
BACKGROUND: patients on hemodialysis (HD) report lower physical activity (PA) levels. We analysed factors associated with low levels of PA in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and compared PA on HD day and non-HD. METHODS: 79 patients wore an accelerometer and were classified according to time spent on moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA). Demographic data, BMI, comorbidities, clinical status and health related quality of life (HRQoL) were checked for association with PA...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511710/association-between-leisure-time-physical-activity-preference-and-behavior-evidence-from-the-china-health-nutrition-survey-2004-2011
#7
Junmin Zhou, Denise H Britigan, Shireen S Rajaram, Hongmei Wang, Dejun Su
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that food preference is a good indicator of actual food intake and that sedentary activity preference is a significant predictor of lower physical activity level. But no studies have examined the direct relationship between leisure time physical activity (LTPA) preferences and actual LTPA behavior, especially studies using longitudinal data. This study seeks to determine the association between these two variables, and to assess whether the association differs between urban and rural areas in China...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511083/how-do-type-and-size-of-natural-environments-relate-to-physical-activity-behavior
#8
F M Jansen, D F Ettema, C B M Kamphuis, F H Pierik, M J Dijst
Natural environments (NE) are promoted as places that support physical activity (PA), but evidence on PA distribution across various types and sizes of NE is lacking. Accelerometers and GPS-devices measured PA of Dutch general population adults aged 45-65 years (N=279). Five NE types were distinguished: 'parks', 'recreational area', 'agricultural green', 'forest & moorland', and 'blue space', and four categories of size: 0-3, 3-7, 7-27, and ≥27 ha. Modality (i.e. spatially concentrated PA, walking, jogging, and cycling) and intensity (i...
May 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507817/which-psychological-social-and-physical-environmental-characteristics-predict-changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-during-early-retirement-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Delfien Van Dyck, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
BACKGROUND: In the context of healthy ageing, it is necessary to identify opportunities to implement health interventions in order to develop an active lifestyle with sufficient physical activity and limited sedentary time in middle-aged and older adults. The transition to retirement is such an opportunity, as individuals tend to establish new routines at the start of retirement. Before health interventions can be developed, the psychological, social and physical environmental determinants of physical activity and sedentary behaviors during early retirement should be identified, ideally with longitudinal studies...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506666/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-in-children-aged-9-11-years
#10
Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Victor Matsudo, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mauro Fisberg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the prevalence and factors associated with body mass index (BMI) in children aged 9-11 years. METHODS: The study is part of the International Study of Childhood Obesity Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE). Body composition was determined using the bipolar bioimpedance technique. The mean BMI value was categorized as recommended by the World Health Organization. For seven consecutive days, participants used an accelerometer to objectively monitor sedentary behavior (SB) and moderate to vigorous physical activity...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503971/mental-vulnerability-helicobacter-pylori-and-incidence-of-hospital-diagnosed-peptic-ulcer-over-28-years-in-a-population-based-cohort
#11
Susan Levenstein, Rikke Kart Jacobsen, Steffen Rosenstock, Torben Jørgensen
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether mental vulnerability, an enduring personality characteristic, predicts incident hospital-diagnosed ulcer over three decades. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study enrolled 3365 subjects with no ulcer history, ages 30-60, in 1982-3. Mental vulnerability, Helicobacter pylori IgG antibodies, socioeconomic status, and sleep duration were determined at baseline; non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug use, smoking, leisure time physical activity, and alcohol consumption both at baseline and in 1993-4...
May 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503154/sedentary-patterns-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-association-to-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-patients
#12
Luís B Sardinha, João P Magalhães, Diana A Santos, Pedro B Júdice
Background: Sedentary behavior has been considered an independent risk factor for type-2 diabetes (T2D), with a negative impact on several physiological outcomes, whereas breaks in sedentary time (BST) have been proposed as a viable solution to mitigate some of these effects. However, little is known about the independent associations of sedentary pursuits, physical activity, and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) variables with glycemic control. We investigated the independent associations of total sedentary time, BST, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and CRF with glycemic outcomes in patients with T2D...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502806/treadmill-exercise-delays-the-onset-of-non-motor-behaviors-and-striatal-pathology-in-the-cag140-knock-in-mouse-model-of-huntington-s-disease
#13
D P Stefanko, V D Shah, W K Yamasaki, G M Petzinger, M W Jakowec
Depression, cognitive impairments, and other neuropsychiatric disturbances are common during the prodromal phase of Huntington's disease (HD) well before the onset of classical motor symptoms of this degenerative disorder. The purpose of this study was to examine the potential impact of physical activity in the form of exercise on a motorized treadmill on non-motor behavioral features including depression-like behavior and cognition in the CAG140 knock-in (KI) mouse model of HD. The CAG140 KI mouse model has a long lifespan compared to other HD rodent models with HD motor deficits emerging after 12months of age and thus provides the opportunity to investigate early life interventions such as exercise on disease progression...
May 11, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502281/self-reported-sleep-duration-and-self-rated-health-in-young-adults
#14
Lovro Štefan, Dora Juranko, Rebeka Prosoli, Renata Barić, Goran Sporiš
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the associations between the self-reported sleep duration and self-rated health in young adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, participants were 689 young adults (mean age 20 ± 1.35 years, 49.8% female). Sleep duration and self-rated health, as the main outcome of interest, were measured as self-reported. As potential covariates, we included sex, age, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, sedentary behavior, psychological distress, and body mass index...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491489/the-social-context-moderates-the-relationship-between-neighborhood-safety-and-adolescents-activities
#15
Sarah-Jeanne Salvy, Denise M Feda, Leonard H Epstein, James N Roemmich
Studies of neighborhood safety and physical activity have typically neglected to consider the youth's peer context as a modifier of these relationships. This study fills this gap in testing the independent and interactive effects of perceived neighborhood safety and time spent with friends and peers on young adolescents' physical activity and sedentary behavior. Participants (N = 80; ages 13-17) completed the Pedestrian/Traffic Safety and Crime Safety subscales of the adolescent version of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491483/twelve-weeks-of-dance-exergaming-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescent-girls-transfer-effects-on-physical-activity-screen-time-and-self-efficacy
#16
Amanda E Staiano, Robbie A Beyl, Daniel S Hsia, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Robert L Newton
BACKGROUND: Given the low levels of physical activity (PA) among adolescent girls in the US, there is a need to identify tools to motivate increased PA. Although there is limited evidence that adolescents transfer PA from one context to another context, exergames (i.e., video games that require gross motor activity) may act as a gateway to promote overall PA outside of game play. The purpose of this study was to examine potential transfer effects (i.e., influences on external behaviors and psychological constructs) of a 12-week exergaming intervention on adolescent girls' PA, screen-time, and self-efficacy towards PA, as well as the intrinsic motivation of exergaming...
March 2017: Journal of Sport and Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487660/sedentary-behavior-is-only-marginally-associated-with-physical-function-in-adults-aged-40-75-years-the-maastricht-study
#17
Jeroen H P M van der Velde, Hans H C M Savelberg, Julianne D van der Berg, Simone J S Sep, Carla J H van der Kallen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Miranda T Schram, Ronald M A Henry, Petronella L M Reijven, Tineke A C M van Geel, Coen D A Stehouwer, Annemarie Koster, Nicolaas C Schaper
Background: In an aging population, regular physical activity (PA) and exercise have been recognized as important factors in maintaining physical function and thereby preventing loss of independence and disability. However, (older) adults spent the majority of their day sedentary and therefore insight into the consequences of sedentary behavior on physical function, independent of PA, is warranted. Objective: To examine the associations of objectively measured sedentary time (ST), patterns of sedentary behavior, overall PA, and higher intensity PA (HPA) with objective measures of physical function...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486735/sedentary-behavior-and-arterial-stiffness-in-adults-with-and-without-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Lucimere Bohn, Ana Ramoa, Gustavo Silva, Nuno Silva, Sandra Marlene Abreu, Fernando Ribeiro, Pierre Boutouyrie, Stéphane Laurent, José Oliveira
This study aimed to investigate whether sedentary time (Sed) and physical activity (PA) are associated with arterial stiffness in individuals with and without metabolic syndrome (MetS). This cross-sectional study comprised 197 individuals (47±13 years; 58% female) from a primary health care centre. Arterial stiffness was assessed using carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV). Metabolic syndrome was determined as clustering of at least 3 out of 5 risk factors (central obesity, hypertension, impaired glucose, triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol)...
May 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486414/break-in-sedentary-behavior-reduces-the-risk-of-noncommunicable-diseases-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-workers-in-a-petroleum-company
#19
Chutima Jalayondeja, Wattana Jalayondeja, Keerin Mekhora, Petcharatana Bhuanantanondh, Asadang Dusadi-Isariyavong, Rujiret Upiriyasakul
Although prolonged sitting appears as a novel risk factor related to health outcomes for all ages, its association needs to be replicated in occupational conditions. This study explored the associations between sedentary behavior and four noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) as well as two cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs) among workers in a petroleum company, Thailand. All workers were invited to complete the online self-report questionnaire. Sedentary behavior was measured as the amount of time sitting at work, during recreation, and while commuting...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484886/physical-activity-of-mexican-heritage-youth-during-the-summer-and-school-year-the-role-of-parenting-strategies
#20
Megan Elizabeth McClendon, M Renée Umstattd Meyer, Kelly R Ylitalo, Joseph R Sharkey
Mexican-heritage youth living along the U.S.-Mexico border have higher rates of obesity than non-Hispanic Whites. Parenting strategies may influence youth physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) mitigating these obesity rates; however, parenting strategies have not been well examined in Hispanic cultures. Therefore, we examined relationships between parenting strategies and PA and SB of Mexican-heritage youth. Mother-child dyads (n = 121 dyads) were surveyed during the summer and school-year...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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