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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237048/latent-profiles-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-elementary-school-age-youth-associations-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
Tarrah B Mitchell, Ric G Steele
Objective: The objectives were to identify and describe profiles of elementary school-age youth based on objective measurements of total time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) and in bouts of the activities, to examine predictors of profiles, and to examine whether profiles were differentially associated with physical and psychosocial health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Methods: Participants included 204 youth (aged 8-11 years) who wore accelerometers to gather objective activity data...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236062/measuring-activity-performance-of-older-adults-using-the-activpal-a-rapid-review
#2
REVIEW
Charice S Chan, Susan E Slaughter, C Allyson Jones, Carla Ickert, Adrian S Wagg
Current measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviors such as questionnaires and functional assessments are insufficient to provide comprehensive data on older adults. In response, the use of activity monitors has increased. The purpose of this review was to summarize and assess the quality of observational literature on activity measuring of older adults using the activPAL activity monitor. Seventeen databases and a bibliography, compiled by the activPAL creators, were searched. Articles were included if they were in English, were peer-reviewed, included people 65 years or older, measured activity using the activPAL and reported at least one of the following outcomes: step count, hours upright, hours sitting/lying, hours stepping, or hours standing...
December 13, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226994/demographic-and-clinical-correlates-of-accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-lung-cancer-survivors
#3
Adrijana D'Silva, Gwyn D Bebb, Terry Boyle, Steven T Johnson, Jeff K Vallance
OBJECTIVE: To determine demographic and clinical correlates of accelerometer assessed physical activity and sedentary time among a population-based sample of lung cancer survivors. METHODS: Lung cancer survivors in Southern Alberta, Canada (N=527) were invited to complete a mailed survey assessing socio-demographics and wear an Actigraph® GT3X+ accelerometer for seven days. Average daily minutes of physical activity and sedentary time were derived from the accelerometer data...
December 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225572/adaptive-changes-in-the-sensitivity-of-the-dorsal-raphe-and-hypothalamic-paraventricular-nuclei-to-acute-exercise-and-hippocampal-neurogenesis-may-contribute-to-the-antidepressant-effect-of-regular-treadmill-running-in-rats
#4
Ayu Nishii, Seiichiro Amemiya, Natsuko Kubota, Takeshi Nishijima, Ichiro Kita
Increasing clinical evidence suggests that regular physical exercise can prevent or reduce the incidence of stress-related psychiatric disorders including depressive symptoms. Antidepressant effect of regular exercise may be implicated in monoaminergic transmission including serotonergic transmission, activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and hippocampal neurogenesis, but few general concepts regarding the optimal exercise regimen for stimulating neural mechanisms involved in antidepressant properties have been developed...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221919/impact-of-lifestyle-interventions-targeting-healthy-diet-physical-activity-and-weight-loss-on-asthma-in-adults-what-is-the-evidence
#5
Sharmilee M Nyenhuis, Anne E Dixon, Jun Ma
Unhealthy lifestyle factors such as poor diet quality, sedentary lifestyle, and obesity are associated with negative health consequences in asthma including poor asthma control, impaired quality of life, and greater health care utilization. Lifestyle modification is the cornerstone of behavioral treatments and has been effective in chronic diseases such as atherothrombotic vascular disease and diabetes. There is a critical need for lifestyle interventions in asthma care that address obesity and its intimately linked risk behaviors in terms of poor diet and physical inactivity...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219095/compliance-with-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-associations-with-weight-status
#6
Rute Santos, Zhiguang Zhang, João R Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Dylan P Cliff, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: For effective public health and surveillance it is important to document the proportion of young children who meet the new Australian Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and how these associate with health outcomes. We aimed to (i) assess compliance with the new Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years in a sample of Australian toddlers; and (ii) ascertain whether compliance with the guidelines associates with weight status. METHODS: The sample comprised 202 toddlers (104 girls) aged 19...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219094/a-collaborative-approach-to-adopting-adapting-guidelines-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-birth-to-5-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#7
Anthony D Okely, Davina Ghersi, Kylie D Hesketh, Rute Santos, Sarah P Loughran, Dylan P Cliff, Trevor Shilton, David Grant, Rachel A Jones, Rebecca M Stanley, Julie Sherring, Trina Hinkley, Stewart G Trost, Clare McHugh, Simon Eckermann, Karen Thorpe, Karen Waters, Timothy S Olds, Tracy Mackey, Rhonda Livingstone, Hayley Christian, Harriette Carr, Adam Verrender, João R Pereira, Zhiguang Zhang, Katherine L Downing, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: In 2017, the Australian Government funded the update of the National Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0-5 years, with the intention that they be an integration of movement behaviours across the 24-h period. The benefit for Australia was that it could leverage research in Canada in the development of their 24-h guidelines for the early years. Concurrently, the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group published a model to produce guidelines based on adoption, adaption and/or de novo development using the GRADE evidence-to-decision framework...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216765/using-the-intervention-mapping-and-behavioral-intervention-technology-frameworks-development-of-an-mhealth-intervention-for-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-change
#8
Artur Direito, Deirdre Walsh, Moohamad Hinbarji, Rami Albatal, Mark Tooley, Robyn Whittaker, Ralph Maddison
Few interventions to promote physical activity (PA) adapt dynamically to changes in individuals' behavior. Interventions targeting determinants of behavior are linked with increased effectiveness and should reflect changes in behavior over time. This article describes the application of two frameworks to assist the development of an adaptive evidence-based smartphone-delivered intervention aimed at influencing PA and sedentary behaviors (SB). Intervention mapping was used to identify the determinants influencing uptake of PA and optimal behavior change techniques (BCTs)...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216300/impacts-of-active-school-design-on-school-time-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-a-pilot-natural-experiment
#9
Jeri Brittin, Leah Frerichs, John R Sirard, Nancy M Wells, Beth M Myers, Jeanette Garcia, Dina Sorensen, Matthew J Trowbridge, Terry Huang
BACKGROUND: Children spend a significant portion of their days in sedentary behavior (SB) and on average fail to engage in adequate physical activity (PA). The school built environment may influence SB and PA, but research is limited. This natural experiment evaluated whether an elementary school designed to promote movement impacted students' school-time SB and PA. METHODS: Accelerometers measured SB and PA at pre and post time-points in an intervention group who moved to the new school (n = 21) and in a comparison group experiencing no school environmental change (n = 20)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214834/source-and-size-of-social-support-network-on-sedentary-behavior-among-older-adults
#10
Paul D Loprinzi, Elizabeth A Crush
PURPOSE: To examine the association of source of social support and size of social support network on sedentary behavior among older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: 2519 older adults (60+ years). MEASURES: Sedentary behavior was assessed via accelerometry over a 7-day period. Social support was assessed via self-report...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214826/effects-of-a-sedentary-intervention-on-cognitive-function
#11
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of a free-living, sedentary-inducing intervention on cognitive function. DESIGN: Randomized controlled, parallel group intervention. SETTING: University campus. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three young adults (n = 23 intervention; n = 10 control). MEASURES: The intervention group was asked to eliminate all exercise and minimize steps to ≤5000 steps/day for 1 week, whereas the control group was asked to continue normal physical activity (PA) levels for 1 week...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212997/-the-effects-of-pain-coping-skills-training-among-older-outpatients-with-osteoarthritis
#12
Yasuhiro Nagasawa, Koichiro Oka, Ai Shibata
AIM: The present study examined the effects of individual pain coping-skills training (PCST) on knee pain, pain coping strategies, physical functions, and daily physical activity among older outpatients with osteoarthritis. METHODS: Twenty-five older adults who suffered from knee pain and had been diagnosed to have knee osteoarthritis (men: n=4; 75.4±6.3 years) were assigned to either a PCST group (n=13) or a general health education group (n=12) according to their wishes...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212458/associations-of-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-with-older-adults-physical-function-an-isotemporal-substitution-approach
#13
Akitomo Yasunaga, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Shigeru Inoue, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen, Koichiro Oka
BACKGROUNDS: The purpose of this study was to examine, in a sample of Japanese older adults, the associations of objectively-assessed sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) with performance-based physical function. The isotemporal substitution (IS) approach was used to model simultaneously the effects of the specific activity being performed and the activity being displaced, in an equal time-exchange manner. METHODS: Among 287 older adults (65-84 years), we used accelerometers to identify the daily average time spent on SB (≤1...
December 6, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210326/comparative-evaluation-of-heart-rate-based-monitors-apple-watch-vs-fitbit-charge-hr
#14
Yang Bai, Paul Hibbing, Constantine Mantis, Gregory J Welk
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the validity of energy expenditure (EE), steps, and heart rate measured with the Apple Watch 1 and Fitbit Charge HR. Thirty-nine healthy adults wore the two monitors while completing a semi-structured activity protocol consisting of 20 minutes of sedentary activity, 25 minutes of aerobic exercise, and 25 minutes of light intensity physical activity. Criterion measures were obtained from an Oxycon Mobile for EE, a pedometer for steps, and a Polar heart rate strap worn on the chest for heart rate...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207976/demographic-differences-in-and-correlates-of-perceived-body-image-discrepancy-among-urban-adolescent-girls-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Lorraine B Robbins, Jiying Ling, Kenneth Resnicow
BACKGROUND: Understanding factors related to girls' body image discrepancy, which is the difference between self-perceived current or actual and ideal body size, is important for addressing body-related issues and preventing adverse sequelae. Two aims were to: 1) examine demographic differences in body image discrepancy; and 2) determine the association of body image discrepancy with weight status, percent body fat, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and cardiovascular (CV) fitness among young adolescent girls...
December 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207570/low-levels-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#16
Kelly Hsieh, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp, Sumithra Murthy, Tamar Heller, James H Rimmer
Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) are more likely to lead sedentary lifestyles and have low levels of physical activity (LLPA). The present study investigated the prevalence of reported LLPA and time spent watching TV in adults with ID and identified the associated factors for these behaviors. The proxy informants of 1618 adults with ID completed the surveys regarding their health behaviors. Multiple logistic regressions were employed for LLPA and multiple linear regressions for time spent watching TV...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205290/clinical-impact-of-sedentary-behaviors-in-adult-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-report-from-the-st-jude-lifetime-cohort-study
#17
Carrie R Howell, Carmen L Wilson, Matthew J Ehrhardt, Robyn E Partin, Sue C Kaste, Jennifer Q Lanctot, Ching-Hon Pui, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kirsten K Ness
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviors are associated with poor health outcomes in the general population, but their clinical impact on adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has not been characterized to date. In the current study, we described the prevalence of sedentary behaviors in survivors of ALL and examined associations between time spent sedentary and body composition and onset of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS: Participants' self-reported screen time (eg, television, computer) and activity as measured by accelerometer were used to determine activity time (sedentary, light activity, and moderate or vigorous physical activity)...
December 4, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200085/physical-and-cognitive-functions-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Rachel E Bollaert, Robert W Motl
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Older adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience age-related declines in physical and cognitive functions that may be compounded by the disease and its progression and worsened by physical inactivity and sedentary behavior. However, the extent to which impairments in physical and cognitive functions are manifestations of MS and disease progression, reflective of the general aging process, or perhaps 2 detrimental processes exacerbating the synergistic effects of the other is relatively unknown...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195492/correction-to-exposure-to-a-community-wide-campaign-is-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-among-hispanic-adults-on-the-texas-mexico-border
#19
Natalia I Heredia, MinJae Lee, Belinda M Reininger
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that there is an acknowledgement missing. The authors would like to add the following - "The authors would like to thank the staff and community partners who work to implement the activities of the community wide campaign. In particular we would like to thank Lisa Mitchell-Bennett, Vanessa Saldana, Jennifer Mota, Sister Phylis Peters and the team of community health workers at UT Health and Proyecto Juan Diego who were involved in planning and gathering data...
December 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194458/evidence-of-increasing-sedentarism-in-mexico-city-during-the-last-decade-sitting-time-prevalence-trends-and-associations-with-obesity-and-diabetes
#20
Catalina Medina, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Ruy López-Ridaura, Simón Barquera
INTRODUCTION: Sedentary behaviors such as sitting time are associated with obesity and diabetes independently of total reported physical activity. This study aimed to describe the current sitting time/day prevalence and trends and to examine the association of sitting time with sociodemographic and clinical variables in Mexico City. METHODS: Two cross-sectional representative surveys in Mexico City were used for this analysis (2006: n = 1148 and 2015: n = 1329)...
2017: PloS One
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