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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454077/a-prospective-investigation-of-neighborhood-socioeconomic-deprivation-and-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults
#1
Qian Xiao, Sarah K Keadle, David Berrigan, Charles E Matthews
Neighborhood conditions may have an important impact on physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the older population. Most previous studies in this area are cross-sectional and report mixed findings regarding the effects of neighborhood environment on different types of physical activity. Moreover, little is known about the prospective relationship between neighborhood environment and sedentary behaviors. Our analysis included 136,526 participants from the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study (age 51-70). Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation was measured with an index based on census variables and developed using principal component analysis...
February 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451333/urban-rural-differences-in-aerobic-physical-activity-muscle-strengthening-exercise-and-screen-time-sedentary-behavior
#2
Michael C Robertson, Jaejoon Song, Wendell C Taylor, Casey P Durand, Karen M Basen-Engquist
PURPOSE: Compared to their urban counterparts, US residents in rural settings face an increased risk of premature mortality and health problems that have been linked to insufficient physical activity (PA) levels. There is limited literature regarding urban-rural differences in adherence to national guidelines for all 3 PA-related behaviors. METHODS: We investigated urban-rural differences in aerobic PA, leisure-time muscle strengthening PA, and leisure screen-time sedentary behavior in a combined data set of the 2011-2014 waves (N = 14,188) of the nationally representative National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449948/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-following-pediatric-burns-a-preliminary-investigation-using-objective-activity-monitoring
#3
Moniek Akkerman, Leonora J Mouton, Laurien M Disseldorp, Anuschka S Niemeijer, Marco van Brussel, Lucas H V van der Woude, Marianne K Nieuwenhuis
Background: Adequate levels of regular physical activity (PA) are crucial for health and well-being. Pediatric burn injuries can have major physiological consequences in both the short and long term. The question is whether these consequences affect post burn PA levels. This study therefore aimed to describe PA and sedentary behavior (SB) in children and adolescents 1-5 years after burn injury. Methods: Daily PA and SB were monitored in 20 children and adolescents (12 boys and 8 girls, aged 6-17 years, with burns covering 10-37% of total body surface area, 1-5 years post burn) for 1 week using the ActiGraph GTX3+ accelerometer...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443730/prospective-associations-between-measures-of-gross-and-fine-motor-coordination-in-infants-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-childhood-erratum
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439784/influence-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-diet-quality-in-childhood-on-the-incidence-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-during-adolescence-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
XiuYun Wu, Kerry Bastian, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul Veugelers
PURPOSE: Studies among youth suggest that physical inactivity, sedentary behaviors, and poor diet quality are associated with poor mental health. Few population-based studies have investigated these relationships longitudinally. We examined the association between physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and diet quality in childhood and the incidence of internalizing and externalizing disorders throughout adolescence. METHODS: We linked health behavior survey data from 2003 among 10- to 11-year-old children across Nova Scotia, Canada, with administrative health care data from 2003 to 2011...
February 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439704/novel-patterns-of-physical-activity-in-a-large-sample-of-preschool-aged-children
#6
Rachel M Ruiz, Evan C Sommer, Dustin Tracy, Jorge A Banda, Christina D Economos, Megan M JaKa, Kelly R Evenson, Maciej S Buchowski, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), shown to be associated with health benefits, is not well-characterized in preschool-aged children. MVPA is commonly described as a threshold amount to achieve. We examined a novel way to characterize MVPA patterns in preschool-aged children by gender and age. METHODS: Preschool-aged children from Nashville, TN and Minneapolis, MN wore triaxial accelerometers. Four distinct MVPA patterns were identified: isolated spurt (IS), isolated sustained activity (ISA), clustered spurt (CS), and clustered sustained activity (CSA)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432790/neighborhood-built-environment-and-socioeconomic-status-in-relation-to-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-weight-status-of-adolescents
#7
James F Sallis, Terry L Conway, Kelli L Cain, Jordan A Carlson, Lawrence D Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz, James E Chapman, Brian E Saelens
INTRODUCTION: The study examined the association of neighborhood walkability to multiple activity-related outcomes and BMI among adolescents and evaluated socioeconomic status as an effect modifier. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, with adolescents recruited from neighborhoods that met criteria for a 2 × 2 matrix defined by high/low GIS-defined walkability and high/low median income. Adolescents aged 12-16 years (n = 928) were recruited from selected neighborhoods in Maryland and King County, Washington regions in 2009-2011...
February 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431507/high-amounts-of-sitting-low-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-low-physical-activity-levels-3-key-ingredients-in-the-recipe-for-influencing-metabolic-syndrome-prevalence
#8
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: Limited research has evaluated the independent and additive associations of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), sedentary behavior (SB), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with metabolic syndrome, which was the purpose of this study. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2004. SAMPLE: Three hundred seven adults aged 20 to 49 years. MEASURES: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and SB were assessed via accelerometer, whereas CRF was assessed via submaximal treadmill testing...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427767/an-assessment-of-the-relationship-of-physical-activity-obesity-and-chronic-diseases-conditions-between-active-obese-and-sedentary-normal-weight-american-women-in-a-national-sample
#9
J R Pharr, C A Coughenour, T J Bungum
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and physical inactivity are associated with increased rates of chronic diseases and conditions. However, the 'fit but fat' theory posits that cardiopulmonary fitness (or physical activity) can mitigate risks to health associated with obesity. The purpose of this study was to compare chronic diseases and conditions of highly active/obese women with inactive/normal weight women. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study of the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data...
February 7, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426324/role-of-parental-and-environmental-characteristics-in-toddlers-physical-activity-and-screen-time-bayesian-analysis-of-structural-equation-models
#10
Eun-Young Lee, Kylie D Hesketh, Ryan E Rhodes, Christina M Rinaldi, John C Spence, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: Guided by the Socialization Model of Child Behavior (SMCB), this cross-sectional study examined direct and indirect associations of parental cognitions and behavior, the home and neighborhood environment, and toddlers' personal attributes with toddlers' physical activity and screen time. METHODS: Participants included 193 toddlers (1.6 ± 0.2 years) from the Parents' Role in Establishing healthy Physical activity and Sedentary behavior habits (PREPS) project...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425564/effects-of-two-behavioral-cardiac-rehabilitation-interventions-on-physical-activity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Nienke Ter Hoeve, Madoka Sunamura, Henk J Stam, Eric Boersma, Marcel L Geleijnse, Ron T van Domburg, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
BACKGROUND: Standard cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is insufficient to help patients achieve an active lifestyle. The effects of two advanced and extended behavioral CR interventions on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were assessed. METHODS: In total, 731 patients with ACS were randomized to 1) 3months of standard CR (CR-only); 2) 3months of standard CR with three pedometer-based, face-to-face PA group counseling sessions followed by 9months of aftercare with three general lifestyle, face-to-face group counseling sessions (CR+F); or 3) 3months of standard CR, followed by 9months of aftercare with five to six general lifestyle, telephonic counseling sessions (CR+T)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425373/associations-between-change-in-sedentary-behavior-and-outcome-in-standard-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment
#12
Stephanie G Kerrigan, Christine Call, Katherine Schaumberg, Evan Forman, Meghan L Butryn
Sedentary behavior, particularly in prolonged periods, is an important determinant of health. Little research exploring changes in sedentary behavior during behavioral weight loss programs exists. This study evaluated the magnitude of changes in total and prolonged sedentary behavior and how these changes related to changes in weight and cardiovascular outcomes during a behavioral weight loss program. Participants (n = 450) in two lifestyle modification programs underwent assessments of sedentary behavior (by accelerometry), weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, and resting heart rate at baseline and after 6 months of treatment...
February 7, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421970/temporal-trends-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-simultaneity-in-brazilian-students
#13
Rafaela Costa Martins, Luiza Isnardi Cardoso Ricardo, Gerfeson Mendonça, Daiana Lopes de Rosa, Letícia Lemos Ayres da Gama Bastos, Carolina de Vargas Nunes Coll, Renata Moraes Bielemann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends in physical activity and sedentary behavior simultaneity among Brazilian students from 2009 to 2015 and its association with independent variables. METHODS: This study presents a panel of 3 cross-sectional studies carried out in 2009, 2012, and 2015 (Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar-PeNSE). The population was comprised of ninth-grade public and private schools students from Brazilian capitals. Physical activity and sedentary behavior variables were combined to create the outcome of simultaneity of these risk factors...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421968/multiple-short-bouts-of-walking-activity-attenuate-glucose-response-in-obese-women
#14
Mynor Rodriguez-Hernandez, Jeffrey S Martin, David D Pascoe, Michael D Roberts, Danielle W Wadsworth
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the effect of multiple walking breaks from sedentary behavior (SED) on glucose responses in sedentary obese women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten women [aged = 36 (5) y, body mass index = 38.0 (1.6) kg/m2, body fat = 49.6 (1.4)%] completed 3 conditions (48-h "washout" in-between conditions) following a standardized meal in random order: 4-hour SED, 4-hour SED with 2 minutes of moderate-intensity walking every 30 minutes (SED + 2 min), and 4-hour SED with 5 minutes of moderate-intensity walking every 30 minutes (SED + 5 min)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421349/the-association-between-bouts-of-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-patterns-of-sedentary-behavior-with-frailty
#15
D Scott Kehler, Ian Clara, Brett Hiebert, Andrew N Stammers, Jacqueline L Hay, Annette Schultz, Rakesh C Arora, Navdeep Tangri, Todd A Duhamel
OBJECTIVES: To determine if bouts of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and patterns of sedentary behavior are associated with frailty. METHOD: Accelerometry from community-dwelling adults ≥50 years old (n = 2317) enrolled in the 2003-04 and 2005-06 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. Bouted (≥10 min) and sporadic (<10 min) durations of MVPA were analyzed based on meeting 0%, 1-49%, 50-99%, and ≥100% of physical activity guidelines (150 min/week of MVPA)...
January 29, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416378/replacing-sedentary-time-with-physical-activity-a-15-year-follow-up-of-mortality-in-a-national-cohort
#16
Ing-Mari Dohrn, Lydia Kwak, Pekka Oja, Michael Sjöström, Maria Hagströmer
Background: Sedentary behavior is associated with health risks in adults. The potential benefits of reducing sedentary time may be dependent not only on decrease per se, but also on the type of activity it replaces. Few longitudinal studies have investigated the effects on mortality when replacing objectively assessed sedentary time with another physical activity (PA) behavior. Objective: To investigate the effects of replacing objectively assessed sedentary time with time in light-intensity PA or moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA) on all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality or cancer mortality in a cohort with 15 years follow-up time...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411250/exploring-mothers-influence-on-preschoolers-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Alana M Maltby, Leigh M Vanderloo, Patricia Tucker
Objectives Physical activity patterns can track from childhood into adulthood; therefore, establishing active behaviors early is imperative. Given the multidimensional nature of a mother's influence on their children, there is a need to utilize more comprehensive measures to assess the relationship between mother and child activity behaviors. Specifically, mothers have been identified as influencing preschoolers' activity behaviors and are often in control of organizing a family's opportunities to be active...
February 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410786/the-effect-of-mere-measurement-from-a-cardiovascular-examination-program-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-an-adult-population
#18
Lisa Voigt, Sophie Baumann, Antje Ullrich, Franziska Weymar, Ulrich John, Sabina Ulbricht
Background: Measuring physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) by self-report or device as well as assessing related health factors may alter those behaviors. Thus, in intervention trials assessments may bias intervention effects. The aim of our study was to examine whether leisure-time PA, transport-related PA, and overall ST measured via self-report vary after assessments and whether a brief tailored letter intervention has an additional effect. Methods: Among a sample of subjects with no history of myocardial infarction, stroke, or vascular intervention, a number of 175 individuals participated in a study comprising multiple repeated assessments...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409737/impact-of-a-classroom-standing-desk-intervention-on-daily-objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-in-youth
#19
Danilo R Silva, Cláudia S Minderico, Fernando Pinto, Paul J Collings, Edilson S Cyrino, Luís B Sardinha
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact of a standing desk intervention on daily objectively monitored sedentary behavior and physical activity in 6th grade school students. DESIGN: Cluster non-randomised controlled trial. METHOD: Two classes (intervention students: n=22 [aged 11.8±0.4years]; control students: n=27 [11.6±0.5years]) from a public school in Lisbon were selected. The intervention involved replacing traditional seated classroom desks for standing desks, for a total duration of 16 weeks, in addition to performing teacher training and holding education/motivation sessions with students and parents...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409395/like-mother-like-child-the-influences-of-maternal-attitudes-and-behaviors-on-weight-related-health-behaviors-in-their-children
#20
Jyu-Lin Chen, Jia Guo, Jill Howie Esquivel, Catherine A Chesla
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global health issue, yet little is known about the influence of maternal factors on children's weight-related health behaviors (dietary habits and physical activity), especially in China. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of maternal factors on children's eating behaviors and physical activity in Chinese preschool-age children. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was utilized to describe weight-related health behaviors among preschool-aged children and identify maternal factors that are associated with children's weight-related health behaviors in China...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
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