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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821576/effect-of-a-behavioral-intervention-strategy-for-adoption-and-maintenance-of-a-physically-active-lifestyle-the-italian-diabetes-and-exercise-study-ides-2-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Stefano Balducci, Valeria D'Errico, Jonida Haxhi, Massimo Sacchetti, Giorgio Orlando, Patrizia Cardelli, Martina Vitale, Lucilla Bollanti, Francesco Conti, Silvano Zanuso, Antonio Nicolucci, Giuseppe Pugliese
OBJECTIVE: Adherence to physical activity (PA) recommendations is hampered by the lack of effective strategies to promote behavior change. The Italian Diabetes and Exercise Study_2 is a randomized controlled trial evaluating a novel behavioral intervention strategy for increasing PA and decreasing sedentary time (SED-time) in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The study randomized 300 physically inactive and sedentary patients with type 2 diabetes 1:1 to receive theoretical and practical counseling once yearly for 3 years (intervention group [INT]) or standard care (control group [CON])...
August 18, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816590/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-women-findings-from-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#2
Nicole A VanKim, S Bryn Austin, Hee-Jin Jun, Heather L Corliss
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women are at greater risk of obesity than heterosexuals. However, few studies have examined sexual orientation differences in physical activity (PA) and even fewer have examined differences in sedentary behaviors. This study assessed PA more comprehensively than previous research by including aerobic PA, strengthening PA, and sitting time, to explore sexual orientation differences among adult women. METHODS: Nearly 100,000 women from Nurses' Health Study II were included in multivariable-adjusted repeated measures analyses...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815374/the-roles-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-on-hispanic-children-s-mental-health-a-motor-skill-perspective
#3
Xiangli Gu, M Jean Keller, Karen H Weiller-Abels, Tao Zhang
PURPOSE: Motor competence (MC) has been recognized as the foundation for life-time moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) as well as an influential factor in reducing sedentary behavior during childhood. Guided by Blair et al.'s health model, the purpose of this study was to examine the behavioral mechanism of mental health including physical, psychosocial, and cognitive health among Hispanic children related to MC and MVPA. METHODS: A prospective research design was used with two-wave assessments across one academic year...
August 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811652/sources-of-variability-in-childhood-obesity-indicators-and-related-behaviors
#4
P T Katzmarzyk, S T Broyles, J-P Chaput, M Fogelholm, G Hu, E V Lambert, C Maher, J Maia, T Olds, V Onywera, O L Sarmiento, M Standage, M S Tremblay, C Tudor-Locke
The purpose of this study was to describe sources of variability in obesity-related variables in 6022 children aged 9-11 y from 12 countries. The study design involved recruitment of students, nested within schools, which were nested within study sites. Height, weight and waist circumference (WC) were measured and BMI was calculated; sleep duration and total and in-school moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time were measured by accelerometry; and diet scores were obtained by questionnaire...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810402/physical-activity-intensity-and-subjective-well-being-in-healthy-adults
#5
Gregory A Panza, Beth A Taylor, Paul D Thompson, C Michael White, Linda S Pescatello
The effect of physical activity intensity on subjective well-being has not been well established. We examined this relationship among 419 healthy adults using objective and subjective physical activity measurements (sample size varied among well-being assessments). For accelerometers, light-intensity physical activity positively associated with psychological well-being ( n = 150) and negatively associated with depression ( n = 99); moderate intensity negatively associated with pain severity ( n = 419) and positively associated with psychological well-being; sedentary behavior negatively associated with psychological well-being and positively associated with depression ( ps < ...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810247/physical-inactivity-predicts-slow-gait-speed-in-an-elderly-multi-ethnic-cohort-study-the-northern-manhattan-study
#6
Joshua Z Willey, Yeseon P Moon, Erin R Kulick, Ying Kuen Cheung, Clinton B Wright, Ralph L Sacco, Mitchell S V Elkind
INTRODUCTION: Gait speed is associated with multiple adverse outcomes of aging. We hypothesized that physical inactivity would be prospectively inversely associated with gait speed independently of white matter hyperintensity volume and silent brain infarcts on MRI. METHODS: Participants in the Northern Manhattan Study MRI sub-study had physical activity assessed when they were enrolled into the study. A mean of 5 years after the MRI, participants had gait speed measured via a timed 5-meter walk test...
August 16, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806984/fatigue-in-the-general-population-associations-to-age-sex-socioeconomic-status-physical-activity-sitting-time-and-self-rated-health-the-northern-sweden-monica-study-2014
#7
Isak Engberg, Johan Segerstedt, Göran Waller, Patrik Wennberg, Mats Eliasson
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is widespread in the population and a common complaint in primary care. Little is known about prevalence of fatigue in the population and its predictors. We aimed to describe the pattern of fatigue in the general population and to explore the associations with age, sex, socioeconomic status, self-reported physical activity, sitting time and self-rated health. METHODS: One thousand, five hundred and fifty-seven out of 2500 invited subjects in the Northern Sweden MONICA Study 2014, aged 25-74 years, filled out the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), consisting of four subscales: General fatigue (GF), Physical fatigue (PF), Reduced activity (RA) and Mental fatigue (MF)...
August 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806753/accelerometer-derived-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-by-cancer-type-in-the-united-states
#8
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Keith P Gennuso, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
The 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were among the first population-level studies to incorporate objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior, allowing for greater understanding of these behaviors. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive examination of these data in cancer survivors, including short- and long-term survivors of all cancer types. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to use these data to describe activity behaviors in short- and long-term cancer survivors of various types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802654/income-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-the-weekend-warrior-among-u-s-adults
#9
Kerem Shuval, Qing Li, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Rusty Tchernis
The present study examines the association between income and physical activity intensity along the entire continuum using accelerometry in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. Specifically, we assessed the relationship between annual household income, sedentary behavior, light, and moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity, and meeting physical activity guidelines over a brief, 2-day period ('weekend warrior'), and during the entire week. The sample consisted of 5206 National Health and Examination Survey adult participants (2003-2006) who wore accelerometers and completed pertinent survey questions...
August 9, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802116/corrigendum-to-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-people-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-j-affect-disord-210-2017-139-150
#10
Felipe Schuch, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip Ward, Thaís Reichert, Natália Carvalho Bagatini, Roberta Bgeginski, Brendon Stubbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799430/genesis-of-an-employee-wellness-program-at-a-large-university
#11
Lisa K Lloyd, Sylvia H Crixell, Janet R Bezner, Katherine Forester, Carolyn Swearingen
University employee wellness programs have potential to support positive changes in employee health, thereby improving productivity and mitigating the rise in health care costs. The purpose of this article is to describe a theory-driven approach to systematically planning, developing, and implementing a comprehensive university employee wellness program. Long-term program goals were to improve employee health, well-being, and productivity by focusing on decreasing sedentary behavior, increasing physical activity, improving dietary habits, and reducing stress...
August 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793982/validation-of-a-smartphone-app-for-the-assessment-of-sedentary-and-active-behaviors
#12
Meynard John Toledo, Eric Hekler, Kevin Hollingshead, Dana Epstein, Matthew Buman
BACKGROUND: Although current technological advancements have allowed for objective measurements of sedentary behavior via accelerometers, these devices do not provide the contextual information needed to identify targets for behavioral interventions and generate public health guidelines to reduce sedentary behavior. Thus, self-reports still remain an important method of measurement for physical activity and sedentary behaviors. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of a smartphone app in assessing sitting, light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
August 9, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792151/physical-activity-sedentary-habits-sleep-and-obesity-are-associated-with-asthma-allergic-rhinitis-and-atopic-dermatitis-in-korean-adolescents
#13
Man Sup Lim, Chang Hee Lee, Songyong Sim, Sung Kwang Hong, Hyo Geun Choi
PURPOSE: Since pathophysiologic evidence has been raised to suggest that obesity could facilitate an allergic reaction, obesity has been known as an independent risk factor for allergic disease such as asthma. However, the relationship between sedentary behavior and lifestyle which could lead to obesity, and those allergic diseases remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the relations between physical activity, including sitting time for study, sitting time for leisure and sleep time, and obesity, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis using the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, which was conducted in 2013...
September 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783515/participation-in-leisure-activities-and-tourism-among-older-people-with-and-without-disabilities-in-poland
#14
Rafał Rowiński, Natalia Morgulec-Adamowicz, Anna Ogonowska-Slodownik, Andrzej Dąbrowski, Paula Richley Geigle
Health conditions associated with aging might be related to disability and lead to decreased independence. Physical activity assists in maintaining independence throughout life as well as improves quality of life. Individuals with disabilities demonstrate overall less activity than sedentary persons without disabilities. Efforts to reduce age-related functional autonomy decline and to increase physical activity may require separate approaches for older adults with and without disabilities. The aim of the study was to compare physical activity and participation in leisure activities and tourism among older people with and without disabilities in Poland...
July 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783384/clinical-physical-physiological-and-dietary-patterns-of-obese-and-sedentary-adults-with-primary-hypertension-characterized-by-sex-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-exerdiet-hta-study
#15
Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Pablo Corres, Borja Jurio-Iriarte, Aitor Martínez-Aguirre, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, Gualberto R Aispuru, Lide Arenaza, Estibaliz Romaratezabala, Iñaki Arratibel-Imaz, Iñigo Mujika, Silvia Francisco-Terreros, Sara Maldonado-Martín
The main purpose of this study was to determine some key physical, physiological, clinical, and nutritional markers of health status in obese and sedentary adults (54.0 ± 8.1 years, 141 men and 68 women) with primary hypertension (HTN) characterized by sex and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) level. The studied population showed a high cardiovascular risk (CVR) profile including metabolically abnormal obese, with poor CRF level (22.5 ± 5.6 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)), exercise-induced HTN (Systolic Blood Pressure>210 mmHg in men and >190 mmHg in women at the end of the exercise test) and with non-healthy adherence to dietary pattern (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, 46...
August 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771983/obesity-risk-behaviors-and-their-associations-with-body-mass-index-bmi-in-korean-american-children
#16
Myoungock Jang, Margaret Grey, Lois Sadler, Sangchoon Jeon, Soohyun Nam, Hee-Jung Song, Robin Whittemore
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the paper was to describe obesity-risk behaviors (diet, physical activity, and sedentary behavior) and examine the relationships of the obesity-risk behaviors with body mass index (BMI) in school-aged Korean American children. BACKGROUND: Korean American children have a risk of becoming overweight or obese and developing obesity-related complications; however, there is limited research about obesity-risk behaviors in Korean American children...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771561/fitness-and-food-environments-around-junior-high-schools-in-taiwan-and-their-association-with-body-composition-gender-differences-for-recreational-reading-food-and-beverage-exposures
#17
Po-Huang Chiang, Lin-Yuan Huang, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Hui-Chen Tsou, Mark L Wahlqvist
School environments may contribute to adolescent behavior, reproductive physiology and body composition (BC). The Nutritional and Health Survey in Taiwan (2010) for 1458 junior high school students was geo-mapped for 30 school environs. Facilities for physical activity (fitness centers, gymnasia and sports stadiums, activity centers and parks), sedentary activities (reading material rental shops (RMRS), internet cafes) and food and beverage outlets (FBOs) were calculated as weighted numbers within 1000m of schools...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765082/is-there-a-relationship-between-accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-and-cognitive-function-in-us-hispanic-latino-adults-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#18
Elizabeth Vásquez, Garrett Strizich, Carmen R Isasi, Sandra E Echeverria, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Kelly R Evenson, Marc D Gellman, Priya Palta, Qibin Qi, Melissa Lamar, Wassim Tarraf, Hector M González, Robert Kaplan
Normative changes in cognitive function are expected with increasing age. Research on the relationship between normative cognitive decline and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SED) needs further investigation in Hispanic/Latinos adults. We assessed the cross-sectional association between accelerometer assessed MVPA and SED with cognitive function in 7,478 adults aged 45-74years from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. At baseline, cognitive tests included two executive function tests (Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST), a test of language (Word Fluency), and a test of memory (Spanish English Verbal Learning Test)...
July 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764730/objectively-measured-physical-activity-patterns-sedentary-time-and-parent-reported-screen-time-across-the-day-in-four-year-old-swedish-children
#19
Daniel Berglind, Per Tynelius
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) improves health outcomes accumulating evidence suggests that sedentary time (ST), especially parent-reported screen-time, is associated with negative health outcomes in children. The aim of the present study is to describe levels and patterns of PA and ST across the day and week and activity pattern differences between the sexes, across all weekdays and time spent in and outside the preschool in four-year old children. METHODS: In total 899 four-year old Swedish children who had both complete questionnaire data on screen-time behaviors and objective activity variables and at least 4 days, including one weekend day, with more than 10 h of GT3X+ Actigraph accelerometer wear time data were included in the study...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763129/profiling-sedentary-behavior-in-breast-cancer-survivors-links-with-depression-symptoms-during-the-early-survivorship-period
#20
Jason Lacombe, Guy Faulkner, Jennifer Jones, Linda Trinh, Catherine Sabiston
BACKGROUND: Depression symptoms are prevalent among breast cancer survivors (BCS). Reducing sedentary behavior (SED) may be a non-pharmaceutical strategy for alleviating depression symptoms. However, little is known about SED among BCS. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to: (i) describe SED behaviors among BCS and identify unique SED groups based on different SED dimensions; (ii) identify personal and cancer-specific factors that discriminate SED clusters; and (iii) examine the association between SED clusters and depression symptoms...
August 1, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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