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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021908/effectiveness-of-a-standardised-exercise-programme-for-recurrent-neck-and-low-back-pain-a-multicentre-randomised-two-arm-parallel-group-trial-across-34-fitness-clubs-in-finland
#1
Jaana H Suni, Marjo Rinne, Kari Tokola, Ari Mänttäri, Tommi Vasankari
BACKGROUND: Neck and low back pain (LBP) are common in office workers. Exercise trials to reduce neck and LBP conducted in sport sector are lacking. We investigated the effectiveness of the standardised Fustra20Neck&Back exercise program for reducing pain and increasing fitness in office workers with recurrent non-specific neck and/or LBP. METHOD: Volunteers were recruited through newspaper and Facebook. The design is a multi-centre randomised, two-arm, parallel group trial across 34 fitness clubs in Finland...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017015/a-twelve-week-lifestyle-program-to-improve-cardiometabolic-behavioral-and-psychological-health-in-hispanic-children-and-adolescents
#2
Sami Yli-Piipari, Alison Berg, Emma M Laing, Diane L Hartzell, Kenneth O Parris, Jon Udwadia, Richard D Lewis
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of a 12-week lifestyle program on cardiometabolic, behavioral, and psychological outcomes among overweight Hispanic children and adolescents. DESIGN: A case series study with pre- and post-test analyses. Subjects/Settings/Location: A convenience sample of high-risk pediatric primary care patients (n = 22; 6 girls, 16 boys; M age = 11.73 ± 1.39 years) and their guardians in the Southeast United States. INTERVENTION: Twice per week 60 min (total of 24 h) of moderate-to-vigorous intensity boxing exercise training, 12 h of nutrition education for guardians, and a 30-min pediatrician appointment...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993817/nonworksite-interventions-to-reduce-sedentary-behavior-among-adults-a-systematic-review
#3
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Laura D Ellingson, Jacob D Meyer, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
PURPOSE: Sedentary behavior has been identified as a major health risk. While interventions to reduce time spent sedentary have become increasingly prevalent, the vast majority of this work in adults has been focused on workplace sedentary behavior, and often pairs sedentary reduction interventions with increasing physical activity. As research designed to specifically decrease sedentary time that is not limited to the workplace becomes available, identifying strategies and approaches, along with feasibility and efficacy of these interventions, is warranted...
June 15, 2017: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987919/sedentary-behavior-and-anxiety-association-and-influential-factors-among-42-469-community-dwelling-adults-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
D Vancampfort, B Stubbs, M P Herring, M Hallgren, A Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between sedentary behavior (SB) and anxiety, and explored factors that influence this relationship in six low- and middle-income countries. METHOD: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between anxiety and self-reported SB. Potentially influential factors were examined with mediation analysis...
September 29, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986399/objectively-measured-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-genetic-predisposition-to-obesity-in-us-hispanics-latinos-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#5
Jee-Young Moon, Tao Wang, Tamar Sofer, Kari E North, Carmen R Isasi, Jianwen Cai, Marc D Gellman, Ashley E Moncrieft, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Maria Argos, Robert C Kaplan, Qibin Qi
Studies using self-reported data suggest gene-physical activity interaction on obesity, yet the influence of sedentary behavior, distinct from lack of physical activity, on genetic associations with obesity remains unclear. We analyzed interactions of accelerometer-measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time with genetic variants on obesity among 9,645 US Hispanics/Latinos. An overall genetic risk score (GRS), central nervous system (CNS)-related GRS, and non-CNS GRS were calculated based on 97 BMI-associated SNPs...
October 6, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985158/association-between-chronic-pain-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-schoolteachers
#6
Mayara C S Santos, Selma M de Andrade, Alberto D González, Douglas Fernando Dias, Arthur Eumann Mesas
Chronic pain (CP) is a public health problem with harmful social and individual effects, and its relationships with physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors are unclear. This study examined the relationship between CP and PA and time spent watching television as an indicator of leisure time sedentary behavior, and explored the effects of major confounding factors. The information was obtained between 2012 and 2013 from individual interviews with 943 teachers from public schools in Londrina, Brazil. Statistical analysis was performed in 2014 using a logistic regression model adjusted for sociodemographic, lifestyle, depression, and working conditions variables...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979744/teenage-girls-experience-of-the-determinants-of-physical-activity-promotion-a-theory-based-qualitative-content-analysis
#7
Mahboobe Borhani, Roya Sadeghi, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Tayebeh Fasihi Harandi, Mohammad Ali Vakili
BACKGROUND: The progress of technology in developed countries has changed lifestyles to sedentary and has increased non-communicable diseases. Identifying factors affecting patterns of physical activity among adolescents is valuable and it is important to change these pattern. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore teenage girls' experiences regarding the determinants of physical activity promotion based on Pender's Health Promotion Model. METHODS: This qualitative study is a content analysis research on the girls of three high schools in Minoodasht city for six months from September 2015 until the end of February 2016...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979208/sedentary-behavior-among-national-elite-rowers-during-off-training-a-pilot-study
#8
Billy Sperlich, Martin Becker, Andreas Hotho, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Mahdi Sareban, Kay Winkert, Jürgen M Steinacker, Gunnar Treff
The aim of this pilot study was to analyze the off-training physical activity (PA) profile in national elite German U23 rowers during 31 days of their preparation period. The hours spent in each PA category (i.e., sedentary: <1.5 metabolic equivalents (MET); light physical activity: 1.5-3 MET; moderate physical activity: 3-6 MET and vigorous intense physical activity: >6 MET) were calculated for every valid day (i.e., >480 min of wear time). The off-training PA during 21 weekdays and 10 weekend days of the final 11-week preparation period was assessed by the wrist-worn multisensory device Microsoft Band II (MSBII)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977210/the-role-of-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-in-mediating-the-relationship-between-central-adiposity-and-immunometabolic-profile-in-postmenopausal-women
#9
Tiego A Diniz, Fabricio E Rossi, Loreana S Silveira, Lucas Melo Neves, Ana Claudia de Souza Fortaleza, Diego G D Christofaro, Fabio S Lira, Ismael F Freitas-Junior
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the role of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in mediating the relationship between central adiposity and immune and metabolic profile in postmenopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study comprising 49 postmenopausal women (aged 59.26 ± 8.32 years) without regular physical exercise practice. Body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Fasting blood samples were collected for assessment of nonesterified fatty acids, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), adiponectin, insulin and estimation of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)...
July 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968034/-gender-specific-manifestations-of-daily-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-elderly-people-of-surgut
#10
S I Loginov, M N Malkov, A Yu Nikolayev
Objective of the study was to establish gender-specific characteristics of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior in elderly people living in Yugra North. 295 residents of Surgut (102 men aged 62,9±5,3 years, 35%; 193 women aged 61,9±3,8 years, 65%) were subject to a IPAQ-RU questionnaire. The study revealed the gender-specific differences in body length and mass, body mass and body fat indices. It was detected that more energy is spent on the housework and physical activity in the country (moderate-intensity physical activity for women and high-intensity one for men)...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963987/how-the-built-environment-affects-change-in-older-people-s-physical-activity-a-mixed-methods-approach-using-longitudinal-health-survey-data-in-urban-china
#11
Peiling Zhou, Sue C Grady, Guo Chen
Although the general population in China is physically active, only 45% of older adults meet the World Health Organization's recommendation for weekly moderate-to-vigorous exercise, to achieve health benefits. This percentage is even lower (9.8%) in urban China. It is, therefore, important to understand the pathways by which physical activity behaviors are impacted by the built environment. This study utilized a mixed methods approach-interviews (n = 42) and longitudinal (2010-2015) health survey data (n = 3094) for older people residing in three neighborhoods in Huainan, a mid-sized city in Anhui Province, central eastern China...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962854/higher-levels-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-is-associated-with-worse-cognitive-ability-two-year-follow-up-study-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#12
Po-Wen Ku, Yi-Te Liu, Ming-Kuei Lo, Li-Jung Chen, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: A number of cross-sectional studies have suggested that higher levels of sedentary behavior (SB) are associated with worse cognitive abilities in older age. There is a paucity of longitudinal studies investigating this relationship utilizing objectively assessed SB. This study investigated the relationship between objectively assessed SB and future cognitive abilities in a cohort of older adults. METHODS: A longitudinal study over 22.12±1.46months including 285 community-dwelling older adults across 14 regions in Taiwan was undertaken...
September 28, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956457/motion-sensors-in-multiple-sclerosis-narrative-review-and-update-of-applications
#13
Jeffer Eidi Sasaki, Brian Sandroff, Marcas Bamman, Robert W Motl
The use of motion sensors for measuring physical activity in multiple sclerosis (MS) has evolved with increasing research particularly during the past decade. Areas covered: This manuscript reviews the literature regarding the application of motion sensors for measuring physical activity in MS. We first describe 'what is known' about their use in MS by examining the evidence generated between 1997 and 2012, including the psychometric properties of motion sensors in MS and the development of MS-specific accelerometer cut-points...
September 28, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948719/behavioral-and-psychological-phenotyping-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-implications-for-weight-management
#14
REVIEW
Angela D Bryan, John M Jakicic, Christine M Hunter, Mary E Evans, Susan Z Yanovski, Leonard H Epstein
OBJECTIVE: Risk for obesity is determined by a complex mix of genetics and lifetime exposures at multiple levels, from the metabolic milieu to psychosocial and environmental influences. These phenotypic differences underlie the variability in risk for obesity and response to weight management interventions, including differences in physical activity and sedentary behavior. METHODS: As part of a broader effort focused on behavioral and psychological phenotyping in obesity research, the National Institutes of Health convened a multidisciplinary workshop to explore the state of the science in behavioral and psychological phenotyping in humans to explain individual differences in physical activity, both as a risk factor for obesity development and in response to activity-enhancing interventions...
October 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944304/wearable-technology-to-reduce-sedentary-behavior-and-cvd-risk-in-older-adults-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Lisa M Krehbiel, Andrew S Layne, Bhanuprasad Sandesara, Todd M Manini, Stephen D Anton, Thomas W Buford
Persons aged over 65 years account for over the vast majority of healthcare expenditures and deaths attributable to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Accordingly, reducing CVD risk among older adults is an important public health priority. Structured physical activity (i.e. exercise) is a well-documented method of decreasing CVD risk, but recent large-scale trials suggest that exercise alone is insufficient to reduce CVD events in high-risk populations of older adults. Thus adjuvant strategies appear necessary to reduce CVD risk...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941119/sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-levels-in-people-with-schizophrenia-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-a-global-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha, Mats Hallgren, Michel Probst, Philip B Ward, Fiona Gaughran, Marc De Hert, André F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
People with severe mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder) die up to 15 years prematurely due to chronic somatic comorbidities. Sedentary behavior and low physical activity are independent yet modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in these people. A comprehensive meta-analysis exploring these risk factors is lacking in this vulnerable population. We conducted a meta-analysis investigating sedentary behavior and physical activity levels and their correlates in people with severe mental illness...
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934939/physical-activity-and-overweight-obesity-among-malaysian-adults-findings-from-the-2015-national-health-and-morbidity-survey-nhms
#17
Ying Ying Chan, Kuang Kuay Lim, Kuang Hock Lim, Chien Huey Teh, Chee Cheong Kee, Siew Man Cheong, Yi Yi Khoo, Azli Baharudin, Miaw Yn Ling, Mohd Azahadi Omar, Noor Ani Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are growing health problems both worldwide and in Malaysia due to such lifestyle changes as decreased physical activity (PA), increased sedentary behavior and unhealthy eating habits. This study examined the levels and patterns of PA among normal-weight and overweight/obese adults and to investigate the association between PA level and overweight/obesity in Malaysian adults. METHODS: This study used data from the 2015 National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS), a nationwide cross-sectional survey that implemented a two-stage stratified random sampling design...
September 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934319/an-examination-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-and-mental-well-being-in-adults-across-week-days-and-weekends
#18
Ann-Marie Gibson, David J Muggeridge, Adrienne R Hughes, Louise Kelly, Alison Kirk
BACKGROUND: Limited research has explored the links between sedentary behaviour, mental health and quality of life. This study examines objectively measured sedentary behaviour and perceived mental health and quality of life across week days and weekends. METHODS: 42 adults (19M, 23F; mean age 38yrs (range 18-67) & BMI 24.8kg/m2 (range 18.7-33.8) wore an activPAL monitor 24h/day for one week and completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and SF12 Health Survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930863/measurement-of-active-and-sedentary-behavior-in-context-of-large-epidemiologic-studies
#19
Charles E Matthews, Sarah Kozey Keadle, Steven C Moore, Dale S Schoeller, Raymond J Carroll, Richard P Troiano, Joshua N Sampson
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: To assess the utility of measurement methods that may be more accurate and precise than traditional questionnaire-based estimates of habitual physical activity and sedentary behavior we compared the measurement properties of a past year questionnaire (AARP) and more comprehensive measures: an internet-based 24-hour recall (ACT24), and a variety of estimates from an accelerometer (ActiGraph). METHODS: Participants were 932 adults (50-74 y) in a 12-month study that included reference measures of energy expenditure from doubly labeled water (DLW) and active and sedentary time via activPAL...
September 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929121/differential-and-combined-effects-of-physical-activity-profiles-and-prohealth-behaviors-on-diabetes-prevalence-among-blacks-and-whites-in-the-us-population-a-novel-bayesian-belief-network-machine-learning-analysis
#20
Azizi A Seixas, Dwayne A Henclewood, Aisha T Langford, Samy I McFarlane, Ferdinand Zizi, Girardin Jean-Louis
The current study assessed the prevalence of diabetes across four different physical activity lifestyles and infer through machine learning which combinations of physical activity, sleep, stress, and body mass index yield the lowest prevalence of diabetes in Blacks and Whites. Data were extracted from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) dataset from 2004-2013 containing demographics, chronic diseases, and sleep duration (N = 288,888). Of the total sample, 9.34% reported diabetes (where the prevalence of diabetes was 12...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
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