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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720556/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-physical-activity-validation-study
#1
Gregory Knell, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Michael S Businelle, Kerem Shuval, David W Wetter, Darla E Kendzor
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) may elicit physical activity (PA) estimates that are less prone to bias than traditional self-report measures while providing context. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the convergent validity of EMA-assessed PA compared with accelerometry. METHODS: The participants self-reported their PA using International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and wore an accelerometer while completing daily EMAs (delivered through the mobile phone) for 7 days...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719766/energy-expenditure-of-standing-compared-to-sitting-while-conducting-office-tasks
#2
Jill Burns, Cuisle Forde, Sara Dockrell
Objectives This study aimed to investigate the energy expenditure of common office-based tasks. The objectives were to: (a) test the classification of tasks as sedentary or light-intensity physical activity and (b) compare the energy expenditure of tasks under two postural conditions (sitting and standing). Background The sedentary nature of office work has been highlighted as a health risk, and strategies to reduce sedentary behavior at work have been developed. However, there is limited evidence to guide the utilization of sit-stand workstations in the workplace for metabolic health benefits...
July 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717653/individual-social-and-environmental-correlates-of-active-transportation-patterns-in-french-women
#3
Camille Perchoux, Christophe Enaux, Jean-Michel Oppert, Mehdi Menai, Hélène Charreire, Paul Salze, Christiane Weber, Serge Hercberg, Thierry Feuillet, Franck Hess, Célina Roda, Chantal Simon, Julie-Anne Nazare
The objectives were (1) to define physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) patterns in daily life contexts (work, leisure, and transportation) in French working women from NutriNet-Santé web-cohort and (2) to identify pattern(s) of active transportation and their individual, social, and environmental correlates. 23,432 participants completed two questionnaires to evaluate PA and SB in daily life contexts and individual representations of residential neighborhood and transportation modes. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed which identified 6 distinct movement behavior patterns: (i) active occupation, high sedentary leisure, (ii) sedentary occupation, low leisure, (iii) sedentary transportation, (iv) sedentary occupation and leisure, (v) active transportation, and (vi) active leisure...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713522/the-effect-of-motivational-interviewing-based-intervention-using-self-determination-theory-on-promotion-of-physical-activity-among-women-in-reproductive-age-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Nooshin Rouhani Tonekaboni, Rabiollah Farmanbar, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Tahereh Kamalikhah
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) prevents chronic diseases. Self-determination theory (SDT) provides a useful framework to understand the nature of motivational interviewing (MI). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of MI-based intervention using SDT on the promotion of PA among women in reproductive age. METHODS: Seventy women in reproductive age were selected by clustering sampling method for this randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712161/a-health-behavior-score-is-associated-with-hypertension-and-obesity-among-australian-adults
#5
Katherine M Livingstone, Sarah A McNaughton
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between a health behavior score and prevalence of hypertension and overweight/obesity. METHODS: Adults (n = 4,609; 19-85 years) were included from the cross-sectional Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. A health behavior score was derived based on individuals meeting recommendations for diet quality, smoking, physical activity, sedentary time, and sleep. Poisson regression estimated the prevalence ratio (PR) of hypertension and overweight/obesity by health behavior score...
July 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709513/associations-between-physical-and-sedentary-activity-regularity-and-sleep-in-preschoolers-and-kindergartners
#6
Kara M Duraccio, Chad D Jensen
Short sleep duration in childhood has been associated with increased risk for overweight and obesity. Research suggests that physical activity might mediate this association. However, studies examining associations between physical activity and sleep in young children have reported equivocal findings. A possible explanation for these inconsistencies is that past studies have looked at total physical activity rather than examining physical activity regularity. We aimed to explore the associations between physical and sedentary activity regularity (ie, consistent vs intermittent behavior) and sleep in preschoolers and kindergartners...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704138/evaluation-of-a-successful-aging-promotion-intervention-program-for-middle-aged-adults-in-taiwan
#7
Hui-Chuan Hsu, Shu-Hui Chuang, Shang-Wei Hsu, Ho-Jui Tung, Shu-Ching Chang, Ming-Ming Lee, Jiun-Yi Wang, Li-Ting Kuo, Fang-Ya Tseng, An-Ting Po
PURPOSE: This study was to implement and evaluate a successful aging intervention program for middle-aged private insurance beneficiaries. METHODS: The participants were recruited from the staff and middle-aged clients for the experimental and control groups of a private insurance company. The two client (experimental and control) groups were matched by comparable age groups, gender, education, and purchased insurance types. The intervention program provided for the staff and the experimental group consisted of a series of educational courses on the topics about successful aging and preparation for 4 months...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699090/physical-behavior-profiles-in-chronic-cancer-related-fatigue
#8
M D J Wolvers, J B J Bussmann, F Z Bruggeman-Everts, S T Boerema, R van de Schoot, M M R Vollenbroek-Hutten
PURPOSE: Increasing physical activity level is a generally effective intervention goal for patients who suffer from chronic cancer-related fatigue (CCRF). However, patients are unlikely to benefit equally from these interventions, as their behavioral starting points might vary substantially. Therefore, we explored patterns of physical behavior of participants who suffer from CCRF. METHODS: Baseline data of a randomized controlled trial were used for a latent profile analysis on nine accelerometer-derived physical behavior measures, describing levels and patterns of physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary behavior...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697260/behavioral-counseling-to-promote-a-healthful-diet-and-physical-activity-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-adults-without-cardiovascular-risk-factors-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#9
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Adults who adhere to national guidelines for a healthful diet and physical activity have lower rates of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than those who do not. All persons, regardless of their risk status for cardiovascular disease (CVD), can gain health benefits from healthy eating behaviors and appropriate physical activity. Objective: To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for cardiovascular disease prevention among adults without obesity who do not have cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, abnormal blood glucose levels, or diabetes)...
July 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697259/behavioral-counseling-to-promote-a-healthful-diet-and-physical-activity-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-adults-without-known-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#10
REVIEW
Carrie D Patnode, Corrine V Evans, Caitlyn A Senger, Nadia Redmond, Jennifer S Lin
Importance: Unhealthful dietary patterns, low levels of physical activity, and high sedentary time increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Objective: To systematically review the evidence on the benefits and harms of behavioral counseling for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in adults without known cardiovascular risk factors to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO for studies published in the English language between January 1, 2013, and May 25, 2016, and ongoing surveillance in targeted publications through March 24, 2017...
July 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692576/associations-between-maternal-mental-health-and-well-being-and-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-children
#11
Jaclyn P Maher, Chaelin Ra, Sydney G OʼConnor, Britni R Belcher, Adam Leventhal, Gayla Margolin, Genevieve F Dunton
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed whether aspects of maternal mental health and well-being were associated with objective monitor-based measures of child's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) and the extent to which household structure (i.e., single- vs multigenerational/dual-parent) and maternal employment (i.e., full-time vs not full-time) moderated those associations. METHODS: Dyads (N = 191) of mothers and their 8- to 12-year-old children participated in the baseline wave of the Mother's and Their Children's Health study...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691637/sociodemographic-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-screen-time-among-adolescents-in-canada-and-guatemala-results-from-the-compass-system
#12
Eun-Young Lee, Stephen Hunter, Scott T Leatherdale, Valerie Carson
This study was to compare the levels of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) between Canadian and Guatemalan adolescents, and to examine associations of sociodemographic variables with PA and screen time among adolescents in Canada and Guatemala. Self-reported, cross-sectional data from students in grades 9-12 who participated in the 2015 COMPASS study (Canada; n = 39,817; mean age = 15.6 years) and COMPASS-Guatemala ( n = 1,221; mean age = 15.1 years) were used. Sociodemographic variables included age, gender, ethnicity (exclusively among Canadians), and weekly money allowance...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690547/posture-allocation-revisited-breaking-the-sedentary-threshold-of-energy-expenditure-for-obesity-management
#13
REVIEW
Jennifer L Miles-Chan, Abdul G Dulloo
There is increasing recognition that low-intensity physical activities of daily life play an important role in achieving energy balance and that their societal erosion through substitution with sedentary (mostly sitting) behaviors, whether occupational or for leisure, impact importantly on the obesity epidemic. This has generated considerable interest for better monitoring, characterizing, and promoting countermeasures to sedentariness through a plethora of low-level physical activities (e.g., active workstations, standing desks, sitting breaks), amid the contention that altering posture allocation (lying, sitting, standing) can modify energy expenditure to impact upon body weight regulation and health...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688631/are-early-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-related-to-working-memory-at-7-and-14-years-of-age
#14
Mónica López-Vicente, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Jaume Torrent-Pallicer, Joan Forns, Jesús Ibarluzea, Nerea Lertxundi, Llúcia González, Desirée Valera-Gran, Maties Torrent, Payam Dadvand, Martine Vrijheid, Jordi Sunyer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of extracurricular physical activity and sedentary behavior at preschool and primary school age on working memory at primary school age and adolescence, respectively. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study was based on a birth cohort across 4 Spanish regions. In the 3 younger subcohorts (n = 1093), parents reported lifestyle habits of child at age 4 years of age on a questionnaire, and children performed a computerized working memory task at 7 years of age...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683749/bidirectional-associations-between-activity-related-parenting-practices-and-child-physical-activity-sedentary-screen-based-behavior-and-body-mass-index-a-longitudinal-analysis
#15
Ester F C Sleddens, Jessica S Gubbels, Stef P J Kremers, Eline van der Plas, Carel Thijs
BACKGROUND: It has been generally assumed that activity-related parenting practices influence children's activity behavior and weight status. However, vice versa parents may also change their parenting behaviors in response to their perceptions of their child's activity behavior and weight status. This study examined the bidirectional relationships between activity-related parenting practices, and physical activity, sedentary screen-based behavior, and body mass index (BMI) between children's age of 5 and 7 years...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682707/effectiveness-of-a-behavior-change-program-on-physical-activity-and-eating-habits-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Aline Mendes Gerage, Tania Rosane-Bertoldo Bededetti, Raphael Mendes Titi-Dias, Ana Célia Oliveira Dos Santos, Bruna Cadengue Coêlho de Souza, Fabio Araujo Almeida
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the effect of a behavior change program, called Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde (VAMOS), on physical activity, eating habits and quality of life in patients with hypertension. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out with 90 patients with hypertension (57.8 ± 9.9 years). They were randomly assigned to two groups: VAMOS (n = 45) and control group (n = 45). The VAMOS group participated in a behavioral change program aimed at motivating changes in physical activity and nutrition behavior during 12 weeks...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682695/a-multicomponent-schoolyard-intervention-targeting-children-s-recess-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-effects-after-one-year
#17
Dave H H Van Kann, SanneI de Vries, Jasper Schipperijn, Nanne K de Vries, Maria W J Jansen, Stef P J Kremers
Background Aim of the study was to test the 12-month effects of a multicomponent physical activity (PA) intervention at schoolyards on morning recess PA levels of 6(th) and 7(th) grade children in primary schools, using accelerometry and additional GPS data. Methods A quasi-experimental study design was used with 20 paired intervention and control schools. GPS confirmatory analyses were applied to validate attendance at schoolyards during recess. Accelerometer data from 376 children from 7 pairs of schools were included in the final analyses...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682660/the-impact-of-low-accelerometer-wear-time-on-the-estimates-and-application-of-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-data-in-adults
#18
Ryan McGrath, Chantal A Vella, Philip W Scruggs, Mark D Peterson, Christopher J Williams, David R Paul
BACKGROUND: This investigation sought to determine how accelerometer wear 1) biased estimates of sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA), 2) affected misclassifications for meeting Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PAGA), and 3) impacted the results of regression models examining the association between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and a clinically-relevant health outcome. METHODS: One-hundred participants (age: 20.6±7.9 years) wore an Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometer for 15...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674841/a-novel-smartphone-accelerometer-application-for-low-intensity-activity-and-energy-expenditure-estimations-in-overweight-and-obese-adults
#19
Sylvie Rousset, Romain Guidoux, Ludivine Paris, Nicolas Farigon, Magalie Miolanne, Clément Lahaye, Martine Duclos, Yves Boirie, Damien Saboul
Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviors are on the rise worldwide and contribute to the current overweight and obesity scourge. The loss of healthy life style benchmarks and the lack of the need to move make it necessary to provide feedback about physical and sedentary activities in order to promote active ways of life. The aim of this study was to develop a specific function adapted to overweight and obese people to identify four physical activity (PA) categories and to estimate the associated total energy expenditure (TEE)...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671891/associations-between-maternal-mental-health-and-well-being-and-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-children
#20
Jaclyn P Maher, Chaelin Ra, Sydney G OʼConnor, Britni R Belcher, Adam Leventhal, Gayla Margolin, Genevieve F Dunton
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed whether aspects of maternal mental health and well-being were associated with objective monitor-based measures of child's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) and the extent to which household structure (i.e., single- vs multigenerational/dual-parent) and maternal employment (i.e., full-time vs not full-time) moderated those associations. METHODS: Dyads (N = 191) of mothers and their 8- to 12-year-old children participated in the baseline wave of the Mother's and Their Children's Health study...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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