Read by QxMD icon Read

Physical activity behavior sedentary

Paul D Loprinzi, Meghan K Edwards, Eveleen Sng, Ovuokerie Addoh
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of accelerometer-assessed sedentary behavior and residual-specific mortality. Methods: Data from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used (N = 5536), with follow-up through 2011. Sedentary behavior was objectively measured over 7 days via accelerometry. Results: When expressing sedentary behavior as a 60 min/day increase, the hazard ratio across the models ranged from 1.07-1.40 (P < 0.05). There was evidence of an interaction effect between sedentary behavior and total physical activity on residual-specific mortality (Hazard ratiointeraction [HR] = 0...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
Paul D Loprinzi, Allison Nooe
Background: No study has evaluated the effects of executive function on follow-up sedentary behavior, which was this study's purpose. Methods: A longitudinal design was employed among 18 young adult college students (Mage = 23.7 years; 88.9% female). Accelerometer-determined sedentary behavior and physical activity, along with executive function, were assessed at baseline. Approximately 8 weeks later, re-assessment of accelerometer-determined sedentary behavior and physical activity occurred. Executive function was assessed using the Parametric Go/No-Go (PGNG) computer task...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
Kelly R Evenson, Fang Wen, Amy H Herring
The US physical activity (PA) recommendations were based primarily on studies in which self-reported data were used. Studies that include accelerometer-assessed PA and sedentary behavior can contribute to these recommendations. In the present study, we explored the associations of PA and sedentary behavior with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in a nationally representative sample. Among the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cohort, 3,809 adults 40 years of age or older wore an accelerometer for 1 week and self-reported their PA levels...
October 19, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
Wendy Yajun Huang, Stephen Heung-Sang Wong, Gang He, J O Salmon
PURPOSE: This study examined the prospective associations of reallocating time spent in different types of sedentary behavior, physical activity, and sleep with body mass index (BMI) in children using isotemporal substitution analysis. METHODS: Chinese children in grades 1-3 were recruited to a cohort study in 2009 and were followed up over a 2-yr period. Reports were gathered from the parents on children's sedentary behavior, sleep duration, and sociodemographic variables...
November 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Delfien Van Dyck, Lieze Mertens, Greet Cardon, Katrien De Cocker, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
This study aimed to obtain qualitative information about physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviors (SB) and their determinants and about recently retired adults' needs regarding PA interventions. Four focus group interviews were organized. The most commonly reported PA types were walking, cycling, swimming and fitness. The most commonly reported SB were reading, TV viewing, and computer use. Car use was limited. Most adults agreed their habits had changed during retirement. The most striking PA determinant was the feeling of being a 'forgotten group', having too few tailored PA initiatives available...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Kayi Eliacik, Nurullah Bolat, Cemil Koçyiğit, Ali Kanik, Ellen Selkie, Huseyin Yilmaz, Gonul Catli, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Bumin Nuri Dundar
BACKGROUND: The rapid rise in the global prevalence of obesity suggests that environmental factors may be responsible. The increased use of technology is associated with increased rates of obesity due to declines in physical activity and significant sedentary life style. Internet addiction is also a growing health issue associated with diminished physical activity and poor sleep quality as well as various health problems. The purpose of this study was to determine associations between Internet addiction and adolescent obesity-related problems...
October 18, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Artur Direito, Eliana Carraça, Jonathan Rawstorn, Robyn Whittaker, Ralph Maddison
BACKGROUND: mHealth programs offer potential for practical and cost-effective delivery of interventions capable of reaching many individuals. PURPOSE: To (1) compare the effectiveness of mHealth interventions to promote physical activity (PA) and reduce sedentary behavior (SB) in free-living young people and adults with a comparator exposed to usual care/minimal intervention; (2) determine whether, and to what extent, such interventions affect PA and SB levels and (3) use the taxonomy of behavior change techniques (BCTs) to describe intervention characteristics...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Jonathan A Mitchell, Marsha Dowda, Russell R Pate, Katarzyna Kordas, Karsten Froberg, Luís B Sardinha, Elin Kolle, Angela Page
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine if moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were independently associated with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Data from the International Children's Accelerometry Database (ICAD) were used to address our objectives (N=11,115; 6-18y; 51% female). We calculated age and gender specific body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) Z-scores and used accelerometry to estimate MVPA and total SB...
October 17, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Jina Choo, Hye-Jin Kim, Sooyeon Park
This study aimed to identify the actual and perceived features of neighborhood environments linked to health behaviors and obesity status in vulnerable children by using geographic information systems, walking surveys, and focus group interviews. The participants were 126 children registered at community child centers and 10 mothers of study participants. Increased availability of fast food outlets and convenience stores was significantly and positively associated with fast food and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and inversely with physical activity...
October 16, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Philippine Fassier, Laurent Zelek, Valentin Partula, Bernard Srour, Patrick Bachmann, Marina Touillaud, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Pilar Galan, Patrice Cohen, Hélène Hoarau, Paule Latino-Martel, Mehdi Menai, Jean-Michel Oppert, Serge Hercberg, Mélanie Deschasaux, Mathilde Touvier
Physical activity (PA) but also reduced sedentary behavior may be associated with better prognosis and lower risk of recurrence in cancer patients. Our aim was to quantify the variations in PA and time spent sedentary between before and after diagnosis, relying on prospective data in French adults. We also investigated sociodemographic and lifestyle factors associated with these variations.Subjects (n = 942) were incident cancer cases diagnosed in the NutriNet-Santé cohort between 2009 and 2015. PA and sedentary behavior were prospectively collected with the 7-day short version of the IPAQ questionnaire every year since subjects' inclusion (i...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kara M Whitaker, Andrew O Odegaard, David R Jacobs, Stephen Sidney, Mark A Pereira
PURPOSE: We examined whether sedentary lifestyle habits and physical activity level are associated with abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT), and liver attenuation, independently of each other and potential confounders. METHODS: Analysis of 3,010 African American and Caucasian men and women, aged 42-59 years, from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study who completed multiple-slice abdominal computed tomography (CT) in 2010-2011...
October 3, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
E Portegijs, S Sipilä, A Viljanen, M Rantakokko, T Rantanen
The aim is to determine concurrent validity of a single self-report habitual physical activity (PA) question against accelerometer-based PA and mobility variables, and corresponding changes in self-reported PA and mobility. Cross-sectional and longitudinal data of the "Life-space mobility in old age" (LISPE) cohort and its substudy on PA were utilized. At baseline, 848 community-dwelling, 75- to 90-year-old people living independently in central Finland participated in home-based interviews. One and 2 years later, 816 and 761 of them were reassessed by phone, respectively...
October 17, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Kota Fukai, Sei Harada, Miho Iida, Ayako Kurihara, Ayano Takeuchi, Kazuyo Kuwabara, Daisuke Sugiyama, Tomonori Okamura, Miki Akiyama, Yuji Nishiwaki, Yuko Oguma, Asako Suzuki, Chizuru Suzuki, Akiyoshi Hirayama, Masahiro Sugimoto, Tomoyoshi Soga, Masaru Tomita, Toru Takebayashi
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity is known to be preventive against various non-communicable diseases. We investigated the relationship between daily physical activity level and plasma metabolites using a targeted metabolomics approach in a population-based study. METHODS: A total of 1,193 participants (male, aged 35 to 74 years) with fasting blood samples were selected from the baseline survey of a cohort study. Information on daily total physical activity, classified into four levels by quartile of metabolic equivalent scores, and sedentary behavior, defined as hours of sitting per day, was collected through a self-administered questionnaire...
2016: PloS One
Adama Diouf, Mbeugué Thiam, Nicole Idohou-Dossou, Ousmane Diongue, Ndé Mégné, Khady Diallo, Pape Malick Sembène, Salimata Wade
Background: Physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles are major risk factors of childhood obesity. This study aimed to measure physical activity (PA) levels by accelerometer and Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) among Senegalese school children and the relation with Body Mass Index (BMI) and body composition. Methodology: 156 pupils 8-11 years old were randomly selected in four elementary public schools of Dakar. BMI z-score was used to categorize children according to their weight status...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Beth A Lewis, Melissa A Napolitano, Matthew P Buman, David M Williams, Claudio R Nigg
Despite the increased health risks of a sedentary lifestyle, only 49 % of American adults participate in physical activity (PA) at the recommended levels. In an effort to move the PA field forward, we briefly review three emerging areas of PA intervention research. First, new intervention research has focused on not only increasing PA but also on decreasing sedentary behavior. Researchers should utilize randomized controlled trials, common terminology, investigate which behaviors should replace sedentary behaviors, evaluate long-term outcomes, and focus across the lifespan...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Charles E Matthews, Sarah Kozey Keadle, Richard P Troiano, Lisa Kahle, Annemarie Koster, Robert Brychta, Dane Van Domelen, Paolo Caserotti, Kong Y Chen, Tamara B Harris, David Berrigan
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity is recommended to maintain and improve health, but the mortality benefits of light activity and risk for sedentary time remain uncertain. OBJECTIVES: Using accelerometer-based measures, we 1) described the mortality dose-response for sedentary time and light- and moderate-to-vigorous-intensity activity using restricted cubic splines, and 2) estimated the mortality benefits associated with replacing sedentary time with physical activity, accounting for total activity...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Anastasia Bounova, Maria Michalopoulou, Nikolaos Agelousis, Thomas Kourtessis, Vassilios Gourgoulis
BACKGROUND: Adolescents spend an increasing amount of their time engaged in screen using activities. The present study aimed at identifying parental factors associated with screen time among Greek adolescents. METHODS: A sample of 1141 adolescents, as well as their parents, participated in this survey. Adolescents were asked to complete a questionnaire about time spent on screen-viewing behaviors. Respectively, parents completed a questionnaire concerning family predictors...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Gerson Aparecido Foratori, Francisco Juliherme Pires de Andrade, Victor Mosquim, Matheus de Carvalho Sales Peres, Reginaldo Ceneviva, Elinton Adami Chaim, Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales Peres
Society has changed its own lifestyle, specially its eating habits and physical activities, leading to excessive weight and a sedentary behavior, which has contributed to obesity increase. Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment to obesity, allowing weight loss and its maintenance. However, it has been related high levels of iron deficiency after surgery. A person's nutritional status might be affected by total or partial tooth loss. The aim of this longitudinal prospective cohort study was to evaluate the levels of serum ferritin before and after bariatric surgery and to identify if there is a relation with tooth loss...
2016: PloS One
Rochelle Tobin, Justine Leavy, Jonine Jancey
BACKGROUND: Office-based staff spend around three quarters of their work day sitting. People who sit for long periods while at work are at greater risk of adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The pilot study aimed to determine the effect of sit-stand workstations on office-based staff sedentary and physical activity behaviors, work ability and self-reported physical and mental health outcomes. METHODS: A two-group pre-post study design assessed changes in sedentary and physical activity behaviors (time spent sitting, standing and stepping and sit-stand transitions and number of steps taken) work ability and physical and mental health...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Gita M Ramdharry, Alexander J Pollard, Robert Grant, Elizabeth L Dewar, Matilde Laurá, Sarah A Moore, Kate Hallsworth, Thomas Ploetz, Michael I Trenell, Mary M Reilly
PURPOSE: Charcot Marie Tooth disease (CMT) describes a group of hereditary neuropathies that present with distal weakness, wasting and sensory loss. Small studies indicate that people with CMT have reduced daily activity levels. This raises concerns as physical inactivity increases the risk of a range of co- morbidities, an important consideration in the long-term management of this disease. This study aimed to compare physical activity, patterns of sedentary behavior and overall energy expenditure of people with CMT and healthy matched controls...
August 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"