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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663984/pattern-analysis-of-sedentary-behavior-change-after-a-walking-intervention
#1
Ann M Swartz, Chi C Cho, Whitney A Welch, Michael E Widlansky, Hotaka Maeda, Scott J Strath
OBJECTIVES: We examined the pattern of change in sedentary behavior (SB) resulting from a physical activity (PA) intervention in older adults, and the influence of sex on changes in SB. METHODS: One hundred twenty (N = 120) inactive older adults from 2 12-week step/day-target interventions were included in this pooled reanalysis. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (STEP) or control group (CON). A Hip-worn accelerometer (Actigraph) was used to assess SB and PA...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663983/associations-of-parenthood-with-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#2
Valerie Carson, Kristi Adamo, Ryan E Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations of the presence, number, and the age of children living in the household with adult physical activity, sedentary behavior (sitting and screen time), and sleep behaviors in a large representative sample. METHODS: Participants were 8312 adults aged 20-65 from the 2011-2014 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Presence (yes/no), the number of children (none, 1, ≥2), the age of the youngest child (none, ≤5 years, 6-17 years) as well as leisure time physical activity, sitting, screen time, and sleep benchmarks were derived from the home interview...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659622/the-association-of-single-and-combined-factors-of-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-with-subjective-cognitive-complaints-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-cross-sectional-study
#3
Yuta Nemoto, Shinichiro Sato, Masaki Takahashi, Noriko Takeda, Munehiro Matsushita, Yoshinori Kitabatake, Kazushi Maruo, Takashi Arao
Subjective cognitive complaints (SCC) might be a meaningful indicator of dementia onset or mild cognitive impairment, and identifying the related factors of SCC could contribute to preventing these diseases. However, the relationship between SCC and lifestyle factors remains largely unproven. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of type of sedentary behavior, physical activity, or their combination with SCC among community-dwelling older adults. In 2016, 6677 community-living elderly were recruited to participate in a survey investigating cognition, physical activity, and sedentary behavior...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658748/cognitive-ability-does-not-predict-objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-evidence-from-three-older-cohorts
#4
Iva Čukić, Richard Shaw, Geoff Der, Sebastien F M Chastin, Manon L Dontje, Jason M R Gill, John M Starr, Dawn A Skelton, Ratko Radaković, Simon R Cox, Philippa M Dall, Catharine R Gale, Ian J Deary
Higher cognitive ability is associated with being more physically active. Much less is known about the associations between cognitive ability and sedentary behavior. Ours is the first study to examine whether historic and contemporaneous cognitive ability predicts objectively measured sedentary behavior in older age. Participants were drawn from 3 cohorts (Lothian Birth Cohort, 1936 [LBC1936] [n = 271]; and 2 West of Scotland Twenty-07 cohorts: 1950s [n = 310] and 1930s [n = 119]). Regression models were used to assess the associations between a range of cognitive tests measured at different points in the life course, with sedentary behavior in older age recorded over 7 days...
March 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650285/physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-retirement-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#5
Sydney A Jones, Quefeng Li, Allison E Aiello, Angela M O'Rand, Kelly R Evenson
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity and sedentary behavior are major risk factors for chronic disease. These behaviors may change at retirement, with implications for health in later life. The study objective was to describe longitudinal patterns of moderate to vigorous and domain-specific physical activity and TV watching by retirement status. METHODS: Participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (n=6,814) were recruited from six U.S. communities and were aged 45-84 years at baseline...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650018/health-conditions-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-adults-living-in-puerto-rico-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Josiemer Mattei, Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Rui S Xiao, Katherine L Tucker, José F Rodríguez-Orengo
BACKGROUND: Puerto Rico is experiencing an economic and healthcare crisis, yet there are scarce recent and comprehensive reports on the population's health profile. We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health conditions of adults living in Puerto Rico and assess their interrelationship. METHODS: Participants (n = 380) aged 30-75y recruited from a 2015 convenience sample in primary care clinics in the San Juan, Puerto Rico metropolitan area answered cross-sectional interviewer-administered questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, self-reported medically-diagnosed diseases, health services, and psychosocial factors...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649304/sedentary-behavior-associated-with-reduced-medial-temporal-lobe-thickness-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#7
Prabha Siddarth, Alison C Burggren, Harris A Eyre, Gary W Small, David A Merrill
Atrophy of the medial temporal lobe (MTL) occurs with aging, resulting in impaired episodic memory. Aerobic fitness is positively correlated with total hippocampal volume, a heavily studied memory-critical region within the MTL. However, research on associations between sedentary behavior and MTL subregion integrity is limited. Here we explore associations between thickness of the MTL and its subregions (namely CA1, CA23DG, fusiform gyrus, subiculum, parahippocampal, perirhinal and entorhinal cortex,), physical activity, and sedentary behavior...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644576/the-state-of-the-summer-a-review-of-child-summer-weight-gain-and-efforts-to-prevent-it
#8
REVIEW
Lindsay A Tanskey, Jeanne Goldberg, Kenneth Chui, Aviva Must, Jennifer Sacheck
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Accumulating evidence shows that children in the USA gain weight more rapidly during the summer, when school is not in session. This narrative review spanning 2007 to 2017 summarizes efforts to characterize the problem, identify key determinants, and intervene to prevent excess summer weight gain. RECENT FINDINGS: Summer weight gain remains a concern for elementary-age youth. Few studies have examined its determinants, but unfavorable summertime shifts in diet, physical activity, sedentary time, screen media use, and sleep have been reported...
April 11, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642891/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-legislation-in-canadian-childcare-facilities-an-update
#9
Leigh M Vanderloo, Patricia Tucker
BACKGROUND: Within the childcare sector, physical activity and sedentary behaviors are not legislated at a national level in Canada. Efforts have been undertaken to identify factors within childcare facilities which support and deter physical activity and sedentary behaviors. The purpose of this paper was to provide an amended review of the legislative landscape, at the provincial and territorial level, regarding physical activity and sedentary behaviors (via screen-viewing) in Canadian childcare centers...
April 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623017/rising-incidence-of-obesity-in-saudi-residents-a-threatening-challenge-for-the-surgeons
#10
Azzam Al-Kadi, Arshad M Malik, Ali E Mansour
Objective: Obesity is thought to correlate very strongly with individuals general lifestyles. This study was conducted to determine whether lifestyle patterns were potential risk factors for morbid obesity in Saudi residents. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Unaizah City, Qassim Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, over a 1-year period from March 2013 to March 2014. The study included 646 residents from the general public of Unaizah who were selected by convenient sampling at a mall and a public sector university, regardless of age and gender, and were given questionnaires regarding the details of their lifestyle patterns...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618360/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-preschoolers-a-longitudinal-assessment-of-trajectories-and-determinants
#11
Einat A Schmutz, Sarah R Haile, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Annina E Zysset, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Kerstin Stülb, Amar Arhab, Andrea H Meyer, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Oskar G Jenni, Susi Kriemler
BACKGROUND: Despite physical activity (PA) being recognized as a critically important factor for good physical and mental health already early in life and throughout the life course, prospective data on activity behavior during the preschool years remains scarce. This study examined trajectories and determinants of levels and change in total PA (TPA), moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in a representative sample of Swiss preschoolers. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY), a multi-site prospective cohort study including 555 children (53% boys) aged 2-to-6 years at baseline...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617472/physical-education-classes-and-health-outcomes-in-brazilian-students
#12
Diogo Henrique Constantino Coledam, Philippe Fanelli Ferraiol, João Paulo de Aguiar Greca, Marcio Teixeira, Arli Ramos de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between participation and physical activity during Physical Education classes with health outcomes in Brazilian students. METHODS: 681 Brazilian students (50.5% female) aged 10 to 17 years participated in this cross-sectional study. Independent variables analyzed were participation and physical activity during Physical Education classes, both assessed using a self-report questionnaire. The outcomes were: cardiorespiratory fitness (20-meter Shuttle Run test), muscle strength (Push-up test), overweight and obesity (body mass index) and high blood pressure...
March 29, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617428/amount-and-pattern-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-are-associated-with-kidney-function-and-kidney-damage-the-maastricht-study
#13
Remy J H Martens, Julianne D van der Berg, Coen D A Stehouwer, Ronald M A Henry, Hans Bosma, Pieter C Dagnelie, Martien C J M van Dongen, Simone J P M Eussen, Miranda T Schram, Simone J S Sep, Carla J H van der Kallen, Nicolaas C Schaper, Hans H C M Savelberg, Frank M van der Sande, Abraham A Kroon, Jeroen P Kooman, Annemarie Koster
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease, which is defined as having a reduced kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)) and/or signs of kidney damage (albuminuria), is highly prevalent in Western society and is associated with adverse health outcomes, such as cardiovascular disease. This warrants a search for risk factors of lower eGFR and higher albuminuria. Physical activity and sedentary behavior may be such risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of physical activity (total, high, low), sedentary time and sedentary behavior patterns (breaks, prolonged bouts, average bout duration) with eGFR and albuminuria...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614469/gait-and-functionality-of-individuals-with-visual-impairment-who-participate-in-sports
#14
Edson Soares da Silva, Gabriela Fischer, Rodrigo Gomes da Rosa, Pedro Schons, Luísa Beatriz Trevisan Teixeira, Wouter Hoogkamer, Leonardo Alexandre Peyré-Tartaruga
BACKGROUND: Individuals with visual impairment (VI) have often been observed to walk slower than individuals with unimpaired vision. These observations might be confounded by typical low levels of physical activity and greater sedentary behavior in individuals with VI than the overall population. RESEARCH QUESTION: Here, we compared gait and balance measures between individuals with VI who participate in disability sports, and activity level matched sighted individuals...
March 30, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599105/participants-perceptions-on-the-use-of-wearable-devices-to-reduce-sitting-time-qualitative-analysis
#15
Michelle Takemoto, Brittany Lewars, Samantha Hurst, Katie Crist, Camille Nebeker, Hala Madanat, Jeanne Nichols, Dori E Rosenberg, Jacqueline Kerr
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological evidence indicates that, on average, people are sedentary for approximately 7.7 hours per day. There are deleterious effects of prolonged sedentary behavior that are separate from participation in physical activity and include increased risk of weight gain, cancer, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and heart disease. Previous trials have used wearable devices to increase physical activity in studies; however, additional research is needed to fully understand how this technology can be used to reduce sitting time...
March 31, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589406/improved-cardiorespiratory-fitness-following-moderate-exercise-may-encourage-inactive-people-for-doable-and-sustainable-behavioral-change
#16
Gábor Pavlik, Eva Bakács, Eszter Csajági, Tibor Bakács, Judit Noe, Robert Kirschner
BACKGROUND: Global physical inactivity pandemic is responsible for more than 5 million deaths annually through its effects on non-communicable diseases. This requires urgent intervention. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of physical activity with cardiovascular fitness in a cross-sectional retrospective observational study. Data were collected for 21 years from 2530 healthy volunteers and athletes representing the entire spectrum of physical activity from the totally inactive sedentary persons to the highly trained national athletes...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588267/the-smart-study-a-mobile-health-and-citizen-science-methodological-platform-for-active-living-surveillance-integrated-knowledge-translation-and-policy-interventions-longitudinal-study
#17
Tarun Reddy Katapally, Jasmin Bhawra, Scott T Leatherdale, Leah Ferguson, Justin Longo, Daniel Rainham, Richard Larouche, Nathaniel Osgood
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide, costing approximately US $67.5 billion per year to health care systems. To curb the physical inactivity pandemic, it is time to move beyond traditional approaches and engage citizens by repurposing sedentary behavior (SB)-enabling ubiquitous tools (eg, smartphones). OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the Saskatchewan, let's move and map our activity (SMART) Study was to develop a mobile and citizen science methodological platform for active living surveillance, knowledge translation, and policy interventions...
March 27, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587699/use-of-intervention-mapping-to-adapt-a-health-behavior-change-intervention-for-endometrial-cancer-survivors-the-shape-up-following-cancer-treatment-program
#18
Dimitrios A Koutoukidis, Sonia Lopes, Lou Atkins, Helen Croker, M Tish Knobf, Anne Lanceley, Rebecca J Beeken
BACKGROUND: About 80% of endometrial cancer survivors (ECS) are overweight or obese and have sedentary behaviors. Lifestyle behavior interventions are promising for improving dietary and physical activity behaviors, but the constructs associated with their effectiveness are often inadequately reported. The aim of this study was to systematically adapt an evidence-based behavior change program to improve healthy lifestyle behaviors in ECS. METHODS: Following a review of the literature, focus groups and interviews were conducted with ECS (n = 16)...
March 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587694/calibration-of-the-global-physical-activity-questionnaire-to-accelerometry-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior
#19
Kristen M Metcalf, Barbara I Baquero, Mayra L Coronado Garcia, Shelby L Francis, Kathleen F Janz, Helena H Laroche, Daniel K Sewell
BACKGROUND: Self-report questionnaires are a valuable method of physical activity measurement in public health research; however, accuracy is often lacking. The purpose of this study is to improve the validity of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire by calibrating it to 7 days of accelerometer measured physical activity and sedentary behavior. METHODS: Participants (n = 108) wore an ActiGraph GT9X Link on their non-dominant wrist for 7 days. Following the accelerometer wear period, participants completed a telephone Global Physical Activity Questionnaire with a research assistant...
March 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587432/classification-accuracy-of-a-wearable-activity-tracker-for-assessing-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-in-3-5-year-old-children
#20
Wonwoo Byun, Jung-Min Lee, Youngwon Kim, Timothy A Brusseau
This study examined the accuracy of the Fitbit activity tracker (FF) for quantifying sedentary behavior (SB) and varying intensities of physical activity (PA) in 3-5-year-old children. Twenty-eight healthy preschool-aged children (Girls: 46%, Mean age: 4.8 ± 1.0 years) wore the FF and were directly observed while performing a set of various unstructured and structured free-living activities from sedentary to vigorous intensity. The classification accuracy of the FF for measuring SB, light PA (LPA), moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), and total PA (TPA) was examined calculating Pearson correlation coefficients (r), mean absolute percent error (MAPE), Cohen's kappa ( k ), sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), and area under the receiver operating curve (ROC-AUC)...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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