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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430568/reflection-based-learning-for-professional-ethical-formation
#1
William T Branch, Maura George
One way practitioners learn ethics is by reflecting on experience. They may reflect in the moment (reflection-in-action) or afterwards (reflection-on-action). We illustrate how a teaching clinician may transform relationships with patients and teach person-centered care through reflective learning. We discuss reflective learning pedagogies and present two case examples of our preferred method, guided group reflection using narratives. This method fosters moral development alongside professional identity formation in students and advanced learners...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426839/medical-history-in-the-hellenic-journal-of-nuclear-medicine
#2
EDITORIAL
Andreas Otte, Byeong Cheol Ahn
The Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine is about to celebrate its 20th anniversary end of 2017. On board of the editorial team since 2003, this journal has influenced me like a good friend over the many past years. From time to time, the journal has published interesting and valuable historical notes. They show that nuclear medicine has a history and that medicine is its basis. They also teach us today, and some of the ancient perspectives and approaches are still valid. The reader of HJNM may be interested in these historical contributions, as they are timeless...
January 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426520/nursing-practice-research-and-education-in-the-west-the-best-is-yet-to-come
#3
Heather M Young, Susan Bakewell-Sachs, Linda Sarna
PURPOSE: This paper celebrates the 60th anniversary of the Western Institute of Nursing, the nursing organization representing 13 states in the Western United States, and envisions a preferred future for nursing practice, research, and education. BACKGROUND: Three landmark calls to action contribute to transforming nursing and healthcare: the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010; the Institute of Medicine report Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health; and the report Advancing Healthcare Transformation: A New Era for Academic Nursing...
April 20, 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425189/the-global-ethics-corner-foundations-beliefs-and-the-teaching-of-biomedical-and-scientific-ethics-around-the-world
#4
Henry Jakubowski, Jianping Xie, Arup Kumar Mitra, Ravindra Ghooi, Saman Hosseinkhani, Mohsen Alipour, Behnam Hajipour, George Obiero
The profound advances in the biomolecular sciences over the last decades have enabled similar advances in biomedicine. These advances have increasingly challenged our abilities to deploy them in an equitable and ethically acceptable manner. As such, it has become necessary and important to teach biomedical and scientific ethics to our students who will become the researchers, medical professionals, and global citizens of the future. As advances in the biosciences and medicine are made, developed, and used across the globe, our survival on an endangered planet requires global dialog and consensual action...
April 19, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423837/a-terminology-in-general-practice-family-medicine-to-represent-non-clinical-aspects-for-various-usages-the-q-codes
#5
Marc Jamoulle, Julien Grosjean, Melissa Resnick, Ashwin Ittoo, Arthur Treuherz, Robert Vander Stichele, Elena Cardillo, Stéfan J Darmoni, Frank S Shamenek, Marc Vanmeerbeek
The hereby proposed terminology called "Q-Codes" can be defined as an extension of the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2). It deals with non-clinical concepts that are relevant in General Practice/Family Medicine (GP/FM). This terminology is a good way to put an emphasis on underestimated topics such as Teaching, Patient issues or Ethics. It aims at indexing GP/FM documents such as congress abstracts and theses to get a more comprehensive view about the GP/FM domain. The 182 identified Q-Codes have been very precisely defined by a college of experts (physicians and terminologists) from twelve countries...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419750/the-effectiveness-of-virtual-and-augmented-reality-in-health-sciences-and-medical-anatomy
#6
Christian Moro, Zane Štromberga, Athanasios Raikos, Allan Stirling
Although cadavers constitute the gold standard for teaching anatomy to medical and health science students, there are substantial financial, ethical, and supervisory constraints on their use. In addition, although anatomy remains one of the fundamental areas of medical education, universities have decreased the hours allocated to teaching gross anatomy in favor of applied clinical work. The release of virtual (VR) and augmented reality (AR) devices allows learning to occur through hands-on immersive experiences...
April 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419021/clinical-toxicity-of-acute-overdoses-with-l-thyroxin-in-children
#7
Ayse Betul Ergul, Yasemin Altuner Torun, Mahmut Can Serbetci, Alper Ozcan, Veysel Nijat Bas
OBJECTIVES: L-Thyroxine ingestion is rarely seen in children; here, we report our experience of it. This study describes the clinical characteristics and laboratory findings of acute L-thyroxine ingestion in children. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients treated for L-thyroxine ingestion at Kayseri Teaching Hospital between September 2013 and September 2016. Clinical characteristics and laboratory findings are described. Ethical approval was not obtained because the study was retrospective...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418558/lectures-on-inhumanity-teaching-medical-ethics-in-german-medical-schools-under-nazism
#8
Florian Bruns, Tessa Chelouche
Nazi medicine and its atrocities have been explored in depth over the past few decades, but scholars have started to examine medical ethics under Nazism only in recent years. Given the medical crimes and immoral conduct of physicians during the Third Reich, it is often assumed that Nazi medical authorities spurned ethics. However, in 1939, Germany introduced mandatory lectures on ethics as part of the medical curriculum. Course catalogs and archival sources show that lectures on ethics were an integral part of the medical curriculum in Germany between 1939 and 1945...
April 18, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403371/development-of-a-theoretical-practical-script-for-clinical-simulation
#9
Renata Paula Fabri, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Ariadne da Silva Fonseca, César Eduardo Pedersoli, Fernanda Berchelli Girão Miranda, Laís Fumincelli, Rui Carlos Negrão Baptista
OBJECTIVE: To develop a theoretical-practical script based on the opinion of experts to be used in simulated clinical activities. METHOD: Qualitative study through analysis of content of interviews with experts on the theme in order to develop the proposed script. Of the 24 invited experts, 12 specialists from educational institutions in Brazil and abroad participated in the study in compliance with the ethical precepts. The experts responded to questions on the characterization of their study attributes and described the items required for the development of a simulated scenario...
April 10, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403297/knowledge-of-the-nursing-team-on-pressure-ulcer-prevention
#10
Nariani Souza Galvão, Maria Alice Barbosa Serique, Vera Lúcia Conceição de Gouveia Santos, Paula Cristina Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: describe and analyze the nursing team's knowledge about classification, evaluation and measures to prevent pressure ulcers (PU) in patients hospitalized in the ICU of a teaching hospital in the city of Manaus. METHOD: a descriptive and exploratory study was conducted after approval by a research ethics committee. Data were collected using a validated instrument. The study sample was made up of 40 nursing staff members, of whom 14 were nurses and 26 were nursing technicians/aides...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401507/improving-student-engagement-in-the-study-of-professional-ethics-concepts-and-an-example-in-cyber-security
#11
John D Bustard
In spite of the acknowledged importance of professional ethics, technical students often show little enthusiasm for studying the subject. This paper considers how such engagement might be improved. Four guiding principles for promoting engagement are identified: (1) aligning teaching content with student interests; (2) taking a pragmatic rather than a philosophical approach to issue resolution; (3) addressing the full complexity of real-world case studies; and (4) covering content in a way that students find entertaining...
April 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389026/national-survey-on-the-indicators-of-quality-in-bioethics-of-the-semicyuc-in-the-departments-of-intensive-care-medicine-in-spain
#12
V López Camps, M A García García, M C Martín Delgado, J M Añón Elizalde, N Masnou Burrallo, O Rubio Sanchiz, A Estella García, J L Monzón Marín
INTRODUCTION: Multiple interventions are performed in critical patients admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICUs). This study explores the presence in the daily practice of ICUs of elements related to the 6 bioethics quality indicators of the Spanish Society of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine and Coronary Units, and the participation of their members in the hospital ethics committees. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multicenter observational study was carried out, using a survey exploring descriptive aspects of the ICUs, with 25 questions related to bioethics quality indicators, and assessing the participation of ICU members in the hospital ethics committees...
April 4, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384104/development-of-bioethics-and-clinical-ethics-in-bulgaria
#13
Silviya S Aleksandrova-Yankulovska
BACKGROUND: Bioethics and clinical ethics emerged from the classical medical ethics in the 1970s of the 20th century. Both fields are new for the Bulgarian academic tradition. AIM: The aims of this paper were to demarcate the subject fields of medical ethics, bioethics, and clinical ethics, to present the developments in the field of medical ethics in Bulgaria, to delineate the obstacles to effective ethics education of medical professionals, and to present the results of the application of an adapted bottom-up methodology for clinical ethics consultation in several clinical units in Bulgaria...
March 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374521/-philosophy-lost-inquiring-into-the-effects-of-the-corporatized-university-and-its-implications-for-graduate-nursing-education
#14
Rusla Anne Springer, Michael Edward Clinton
Drawing on a comprehensive, pan-national analysis of the corporatization of Canadian universities, as well as the notions of 'parrhesiastic' mentorship and practice, the authors examine the effects of the corporatized university, its implications for graduate nursing education and nursing's relative silence on the subject. With the preponderance of business interests, the increasing dependence of universities on industry funding, cults of efficiency, research intensivity, and the pursuit of profit so prevalent in today's corporatized university, we argue that philosophical presuppositions so crucial to critical teaching, research, and reflection on nursing as a discipline are troublingly losing ground...
April 3, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367463/fourth-year-medical-students-reflective-writing-on-death-of-ivan-ilych-a-qualitative-study
#15
Mahshid Zohouri, Mitra Amini, Mohammad Mehdi Sagheb
INTRODUCTION: Medical students should be familiar with the end of life ethical issues and its considerations. For teaching end of life care to medical students, literature is a source of excellent narratives of patients with experiences of terminally ill condition in their journey through suffering and one of the most favourite bioethics literature readings has been the death of Ivan Ilych by Tolstoy. We used this novel to show medical students end of life events and suffering and asked them to write a reflective essay on it...
April 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363930/what-are-the-physical-and-psychological-health-effects-of-suicide-bereavement-on-family-members-protocol-for-an-observational-and-interview-mixed-methods-study-in-ireland
#16
Ailbhe Spillane, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Ella Arensman
INTRODUCTION: Research indicates that experiencing the suicide of a relative can have a significant impact on family members' emotional health. However, research incorporating the impact of suicide bereavement on family members' physical health is sparse. This paper details the protocol for a mixed-methods study of suicide-bereaved family members. The study will primarily examine the physical and mental health needs of those bereaved by suicide. A secondary objective of the study is to describe the support service needs of family members bereaved by suicide...
March 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363389/joining-forces-the-status-of-military-and-veteran-health-care-in-nursing-curricula
#17
Brenda Elliott, Barbara Patterson
According to the Department of Veterans Affairs, there are approximately 23 million veterans living in the United States. In 2012, the Joining Forces initiative highlighted the need to enhance nursing education for the military and veteran population. With the drawdown of 2 long, large-scale conflicts, a young cohort of veterans presented new challenges in health care. Although not necessarily a traditional vulnerable population, given their emergent health care needs, they are vulnerable. Purnell's Model for Cultural Competence provided a framework for this exploratory descriptive study...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362461/let-s-cooperate-integrating-cooperative-learning-into-a-lesson-on-ethics
#18
Patricia R Reineke
Cooperative learning is an effective teaching strategy that promotes active participation in learning and can be used in academic, clinical practice, and professional development settings. This article describes that strategy and provides an example of its use in a lesson about ethics. J Contin Nurs Educ. 2017;48(4):154-156.
April 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353503/what-should-guide-health-policy-a-perspective-beyond-politics
#19
Darrell G Kirch, Cori Ast
As the U.S. electorate has become increasingly polarized, these divisions are poised to shape legislative and regulatory work in the years ahead. For those whose focus is on the public goods of health care for all, the advancement of science through rigorous research, and the contribution of higher education to the continual improvement of the nation's workforce, there is profound uncertainty about the future. There are several pressing questions facing the nation and academic medicine, including the future of affordable, accessible insurance; acceptance of scientific evidence; sustainable learning and teaching methodologies; and the well-being and preparation of the nation's health workforce to care for an increasingly diverse nation...
March 28, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351829/innovations-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-with-alpha-lipoic-acid-impala-trial-study-protocol-for-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-for-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia-pain
#20
Ian Gilron, Dongsheng Tu, Ronald Holden, Tanveer Towheed, Dan Ziegler, Louie Wang, Roumen Milev, Christopher Gray
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a common disorder characterized by chronic widespread pain, sleep disturbance, fatigue, depression, and cognitive dysfunction, resulting in substantial disability. As current analgesics provide incomplete relief and disabling side effects that aggravate fatigue and cognitive dysfunction, there is a need for new pain treatments with better efficacy and tolerability. Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is an antioxidant proven effective in painful diabetic neuropathy with minimal side effects...
March 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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