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Ethics teaching

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754681/-everyday-racism-in-initial-training
#1
Zarina Lagersie
Student nurses and nursing assistants are, during their training, both in placement practice and the training institute, exposed to racist behaviour and remarks. The teaching teams have an ethical duty to encourage discussion around this issue during initial training.
May 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742270/presenteeism-and-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-nursing-professionals
#2
Heloisa Ehmke Cardoso Dos Santos, Maria Helena Palucci Marziale, Vanda Elisa Andres Felli
OBJECTIVE: to identify the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in two stages (before and after six months of the first stage) and its association with presenteeism among nursing professionals. METHOD: longitudinal study with quantitative data conducted in a Brazilian teaching hospital with 211 nursing professionals. The instruments used for data collection were: Cultural and Psychosocial Influences on Disability - CUPID Questionnaire, used to identify the musculoskeletal symptoms and the Stanford Presenteeism Scale, used to verify presenteeism...
2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727029/a-primer-on-the-ethics-of-teaching-and-learning-in-airway-management
#3
EDITORIAL
S McCarthy, R M Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721689/education-as-dilemmatic-field
#4
Luca Tateo
Psychology of education must discuss a number of relevant ethical, political and societal issues that cannot be simply overlooked as non pertinent to the discipline. For too long educational and developmental psychology have take divergent routes and have not enough dialogued with other fields such as pedagogy. I argue that it is first of all necessary to conceptualize the work of schooling, that is educational processes of teaching and learning in specific social contexts, as complex and dilemmatic fields...
May 2, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717467/research-ethics-researchers-consider-how-best-to-prevent-misconduct-in-research-in-malaysian-higher-learning-institutions-through-ethics-education
#5
Angelina Patrick Olesen, Latifah Amin, Zurina Mahadi
The purpose of this study is to encourage and highlight discussion on how to improve the teaching of research ethics in institutions of higher education in Malaysia. Drawing on semi-structured interviews with 21 academics in a research-intensive university in Malaysia, interviewees agreed on the importance of emphasizing the subject of research ethics among students, as well as academics or researchers. This study reveals that participants felt that there is an urgent need to improve the current awareness and knowledge of issues related to misconduct in research among students and academics...
May 1, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717074/comparing-practice-management-courses-in-canadian-dental-schools
#6
Dieter J Schonwetter, Barry Schwartz
Practice management has become an increasingly important aspect of dental education over the years in order to better prepare students for the reality of practice. The aim of this study was to quantify and describe practice management courses taught at the ten Canadian dental schools in order to identify common approaches, compare hours, determine types of instructors, and assess the relationship between courses' learning objectives and the Association of Canadian Faculties of Dentistry (ACFD) competencies and Bloom's cognitive levels...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716419/lecture-based-versus-problem-based-learning-in-ethics-education-among-nursing-students
#7
Mahnaz Khatiban, Seyede Nayereh Falahan, Roya Amini, Afshin Farahanchi, Alireza Soltanian
BACKGROUND: Moral reasoning is a vital skill in the nursing profession. Teaching moral reasoning to students is necessary toward promoting nursing ethics. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of problem-based learning and lecture-based methods in ethics education in improving (1) moral decision-making, (2) moral reasoning, (3) moral development, and (4) practical reasoning among nursing students. RESEARCH DESIGN: This is a repeated measurement quasi-experimental study...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695198/effect-of-moral-empowerment-program-on-moral-distress-in-intensive-care-unit-nurses
#8
Safura Abbasi, Somayeh Ghafari, Mohsen Shahriari, Nahid Shahgholian
BACKGROUND: Moral distress has been experienced by about 67% of critical care nurses which causes many complications such as job dissatisfaction, loss of capacity for caring, and turnover for nurses and poor quality of care for patients as well as health system. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to provide a moral empowerment program to nursing directors, school of nursing, and the heads of hospitals to reduce moral distress in nurses and improve the quality of care...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678377/introducing-a-curriculum-in-ethics-and-professionalism-for-dermatology-residencies
#9
EDITORIAL
Benjamin K Stoff, Jane M Grant-Kels, Robert T Brodell, Amy S Paller, Clifford S Perlis, Eliot Mostow, David Pariser, Lionel Bercovitch
There is general agreement on what constitutes ethical reasoning and professional behavior, but standardized methods to teach these skills in dermatology residency are currently unavailable. We introduce a model curriculum designed to impart the knowledge and skills to meet the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Dermatology Milestones for Professionalism over a 3-year cycle.
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629066/the-challenges-of-clinical-education-in-a-baccalaureate-surgical-technology-students-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#10
Roghayeh Zardosht, Hossein Karimi Moonaghi, Mohammad Etezad Razavi, Soleiman Ahmady
Background: Clinical education is an integral part of the surgical technology curriculum, in which students combine and integrate knowledge, skills, attitudes, values and philosophies of the profession. It is difficult to learn and adapt to different types of skills and roles in the operating room environment. Objective: This qualitative study examines the difference between the clinical education of Surgical Technology and other clinical settings, and the challenges faced by students in the field, within the course...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627144/-assessing-bioethics-education-teaching-to-be-virtuous-doctors-or-just-doctors-with-practical-ethical-skills
#11
Montse Esquerda, Josep Pifarré, Helena Roig, Ester Busquets, Oriol Yuguero, Joan Viñas
OBJECTIVE: In the last decades, bioethics has been incorporated into the academic training of the Medical Schools. Some studies analyze the ethical-moral development of medical students and the effect of ethical education in other countries. This evaluation is done by measuring Kohlberg's moral reasoning (virtuous doctors), or ethical sensitivity to resolve clinical cases (physicians with ethical skills). The following study is proposed to assess the impact of bioethics training on these two variables, in Spanish medical students...
April 4, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616172/pork-belly-a-simulation-training-model-for-intramuscular-perforator-dissection
#12
Georgios Pafitanis, Damjan Veljanoski, Ali M Ghanem, Simon Myers
Background: Free tissue transfer has evolved from muscle flaps to fasciocutaneous flaps. Dissection of the intramuscular course of feeding vessels is technically challenging. Simulation-based microsurgery skills acquisition is moving toward nonliving training models. Living porcine model or human cadavers are currently cost-ineffective methods for the early learning curve in teaching intramuscular dissection. The aim of this study was to validate an inexpensive ex vivo porcine model simulating harvest of the deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEAP) flap, specifically including perforator intramuscular dissection...
February 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610538/new-approaches-in-cancer-biology-can-inform-the-biology-curriculum
#13
Lynda Jones, Diana Gordon, Mary Zelinski
Students tend to be very interested in medical issues that affect them and their friends and family. Using cancer as a hook, the ART of Reproductive Medicine: Oncofertility curriculum (free, online, and NIH sponsored) has been developed to supplement the teaching of basic biological concepts and to connect biology and biomedical research. This approach allows integration of up-to-date information on cancer and cancer treatment, cell division, male and female reproductive anatomy and physiology, cryopreservation, fertility preservation, stem cells, ethics, and epigenetics into an existing biology curriculum...
March 2018: American Biology Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607471/presentation-of-children-with-advanced-retinoblastoma-for-treatment-in-ghana-the-caretakers-perspectives
#14
V A Essuman, I Z Braimah, T A Ndanu, C T Ntim-Amponsah
BACKGROUND: Retinoblastoma, the commonest childhood malignant intraocular tumour, is diagnosed late, with less than 50% survival in developing countries, including Ghana. OBJECTIVES: To determine, from caretakers' perspective, contributing factors to late presentation of children with retinoblastoma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving questionnaire administration to consenting caretakers of consecutive children diagnosed with advanced retinoblastoma at the Eye Unit, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana, from September 2008-June 2011...
January 2018: West African Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607335/using-newly-deceased-patients-in-teaching-clinical-skills-its-ethical-and-educational-challenges
#15
Mahboobeh Saber, Seyed Ali Enjoo, Ali Mahboudi, Seyed Ziaadin Tabei
Introduction: The newly deceased patients have long been used in medical schools to teach clinical skills without any challenges as it helps to train skilled doctors. Nowadays, the use of moulages and simulators are common in teaching clinical skills since these tools provide the opportunity for frequent practice without any pain and injury. There are specific procedures which still require the use of cadavers. However, the increased significance of patient rights has generally challenged the practicality of using the deceased bodies for this purpose...
April 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602091/developing-religiously-tailored-health-messages-for-behavioral-change-introducing-the-reframe-reprioritize-and-reform-3r-model
#16
Aasim I Padela, Sana Malik, Milkie Vu, Michael Quinn, Monica Peek
RATIONALE: As community health interventions advance from being faith-placed to authentically faith-based, greater discussion is needed about the theory, practice, and ethics of delivering health messages embedded within a religious worldview. While there is much potential to leverage religion to promote health behaviors and improve health outcomes, there is also a risk of co-opting religious teachings for strictly biomedical ends. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development, implementation, and ethical dimensions of a conceptual model for religiously-tailoring health messages...
March 21, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580789/designing-a-curriculum-for-professionalism-and-ethics-within-radiology-identifying-challenges-and-expectations
#17
REVIEW
Aine Marie Kelly, Patricia B Mullan
Although professionalism and ethics represent required competencies, they are more challenging than other competencies to design a curriculum for and teach. Reasons include variability in agreed definitions of professionalism within medicine and radiology. This competency is also framed differently whether as roles, duties, actions, skills, behavior, beliefs, and attitudes. Standardizing a curriculum in professionalism is difficult because each learner's (medical student/resident) professional experiences and interactions will be unique...
March 23, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574942/the-contribution-of-occupation-to-children-s-experience-of-resilience-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#18
Linda Bowden, Kirk Reed, Ellen Nicholson
BACKGROUND: This qualitative descriptive study explored what occupations children aged 10-13 years participate in and how participation in occupation contributes to resilience from their perspective. Little is known about how occupations contribute to resilience, and less is known from children's perspectives. Exploring how participation in occupation contributes to resilience is important as children continue to face adverse situations; resilience may help protect their development against uncertainty...
March 25, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572338/institute-of-medical-ethics-guidelines-for-confirmation-of-appointment-promotion-and-recognition-of-uk-bioethics-and-medical-ethics-researchers
#19
Lucy Frith, Carwyn Hooper, Silvia Camporesi, Thomas Douglas, Anna Smajdor, Emma Nottingham, Zoe Fritz, Merryn Ekberg, Richard Huxtable
This document is designed to give guidance on assessing researchers in bioethics/medical ethics. It is intended to assist members of selection, confirmation and promotion committees, who are required to assess those conducting bioethics research when they are not from a similar disciplinary background. It does not attempt to give guidance on the quality of bioethics research, as this is a matter for peer assessment. Rather it aims to give an indication of the type, scope and amount of research that is the expected in this field...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571889/nationwide-questionnaire-based-survey-of-oral-immunotherapy-in-japan
#20
Sakura Sato, Chizuko Sugizaki, Noriyuki Yanagida, Komei Ito, Yusei Ohshima, Naoki Shimojo, Takao Fujisawa, Motohiro Ebisawa
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials on oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been increasing for nearly a decade; however, several national guidelines do not recommend OIT as a standardized procedure. The aim of this study was to obtain insights into the current use and practice of OIT in Japan. METHODS: A first questionnaire was mailed to 524 training and teaching facilities of the Japan Pediatric Society. The first survey requested information on the implementation of OIT, whereas the second survey aimed to gather more detailed information on OIT, such as its safety...
March 20, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
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