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Ethics teaching

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327878/social-networks-in-nursing-work-processes-an-integrative-literature-review
#1
Ana Cláudia Mesquita, Cristina Mara Zamarioli, Francine Lima Fulquini, Emilia Campos de Carvalho, Emilia Luigia Saporiti Angerami
OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze the available evidence in the literature on the use of social networks in nursing work processes. METHOD: An integrative review of the literature conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE and LILACS databases in January 2016, using the descriptors social media, social networking, nursing, enfermagem, redes sociais, mídias sociais, and the keyword nursing practice, without year restriction. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 27 international articles which were published between 2011 and 2016...
March 20, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323818/teaching-broader-impacts-of-science-with-undergraduate-research
#2
Kenneth C Keiler, Kathy L Jackson, Leslie Jaworski, David Lopatto, Sarah E Ades
Science plays an important role in most aspects of society, and scientists face ethical decisions as a routine part of their work, but science education frequently omits or segregates content related to ethics and broader impacts of science. Undergraduate research experiences have the potential to bridge traditional divides in education and provide a holistic view of science. In practice, these experiences can be inconsistent and may not provide the optimal learning environment. We developed a course that combines seminar and independent research elements to support student learning during undergraduate research, makes ethical and societal impacts of science clear by relating them to the students' own research projects, and develops students' ethical decision-making skills...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323612/from-particularities-to-context-refining-our-thinking-on-illness-narratives
#3
Annie Le, Kara Miller, Juliet McMullin
This paper examines how illness narratives are used in medical education and their implications for clinicians' thinking and care of patients. Ideally, collecting and reading illness narratives can enhance clinicians' sensitivity and contextual thinking. And yet these narratives have become part of institutionalizing cultural competency requirements in ways that tend to favor standardization. Stereotyping and reductionistic thinking can result from these pedagogic approaches and obscure structural inequities...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298751/comparative-study-of-two-laryngeal-mask-airways-proseal-laryngeal-mask-airway-and-supreme-laryngeal-mask-airway-in-anesthetized-paralyzed-adults-undergoing-elective-surgery
#4
Ravneet Kaur Gill, Abhijit Tarat, Debagopal Pathak, Suneeta Dutta
CONTEXT: Supraglottic airway devices can act as an alternative to endotracheal intubation in both normal and difficult airway. LMA Proseal (P-LMA) and LMA Supreme (S-LMA) alongwith acting as effective ventilating device, provide port for gastric drainage. AIM: The objective of this study was to compare the two devices for effective ventilation and complications. SETTING AND DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, single-blinded study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292972/respiratory-therapy-faculty-knowledge-of-and-attitudes-toward-interprofessional-education
#5
Marlo M Vernon, Nicole M Moore, Lisa-Anne Cummins, Stephanie E Reyes, Andrew J Mazzoli, Vahe Heboyan, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) improves collaboration and patient care through joint education between health professions. Respiratory therapy (RT) faculty were surveyed to evaluate their knowledge and attitudes toward IPE. We report current opportunities for IPE from faculty and compare responses from associate's, bachelor's, and master's degree programs and profit versus nonprofit institutions. METHODS: We developed an online survey based on IPE literature and questions modified for the RT discipline...
March 14, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289294/active-learning-strategies-for-legal-topics-and-substance-abuse-in-a-pharmacy-curriculum
#6
Sarah J Steinhardt, John E Clark, William N Kelly, Angela M Hill
Objective. To implement active-learning strategies to engage students in learning, applying, and teaching legal and substance abuse topics. Design. Medication Safety course student groups created films on a National Patient Safety Goal (NPSG) using a movie genre and presented them in film festival format. Pharmacogenomics course student groups taught ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) topics through presentation of short stories about comic book characters with genetic mutations. Students in the Drugs of Abuse course composed and performed dances depicting the mechanism of action of a drug in an in-class rave dance format...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286724/a-questionnaire-based-survey-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-residency-training-in-pakistan
#7
Farooq A Rathore, Aamir W Butt, Nabila Soomro, Noreen Akhtar
Pakistan is one of the three countries in South East Asia that has an active postgraduate physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) training program. College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP) offers a four-year structured training program in PM&R. It consists of clinical teaching, lectures, rotations in other specialties, and writing a research dissertation. The aim of this survey was to provide an objective analysis of the current PM&R training program, including the facilities available for training, the participation of residents in academic activities, and their participation in different PM&R procedures...
January 31, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281158/mentoring-for-responsible-research-the-creation-of-a-curriculum-for-faculty-to-teach-rcr-in-the-research-environment
#8
Dena K Plemmons, Michael W Kalichman
Despite more than 25 years of a requirement for training in the responsible conduct of research (RCR), there is still little consensus about what such training should include, how it should be delivered, nor what constitutes "effectiveness" of such training. This lack of consensus on content, approaches and outcomes is evident in recent data showing high variability in the development and implementation of RCR instruction across universities and programs. If we accept that one of the primary aims of instruction in RCR/research ethics is "to foster a community of social responsibility" (Antes et al...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280059/a-medical-curriculum-in-transition-audit-and-student-perspective-of-undergraduate-teaching-of-ethics-and-professionalism
#9
Toni C Saad, Stephen Riley, Richard Hain
INTRODUCTION: The General Medical Council (GMC) stipulates that doctors must be competent professionals, not merely scholars and practitioners. Medical school curricula should enable students to develop professional values and competencies. Additionally, medical schools are moving towards integrated undergraduate curricula, Cardiff's C21 being one such example. METHODS: We carried out an audit to determine the extent to which C21 delivers GMC professionalism competencies, and a student questionnaire to explore student perspective on ethics and professionalism...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260450/questionnaire-on-brain-death-and-organ-procurement
#10
Saleh Hammad, Manal Alnammourah, Farah Almahmoud, Mais Fawzi, Abdel-Hadi Breizat
OBJECTIVES: The subject of organs for transplant after brain death raises many concerns, including definition and timing of death, how to permit human organ transplant, and the idea of paying for organs. Many ethical concerns are raised regarding regulations and procedures for organ transplant in developing countries. These include where and how to obtain organs and the concept of justice in organ distribution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered 2682 questionnaires to 628 men and 2054 women over 24 months (range, 18 to 70 years old)...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257544/navigating-clinical-ethics-using-real-case-constellations-to-guide-learners-and-teachers-in-medicine
#11
Katherine Wasson, Mark Kuczewski, Michael P McCarthy, Kayhan Parsi, Emily E Anderson, Paul Hutchison
Case-based learning is a staple of clinical ethics education in medicine. The sources for medical educators generally are lengthy case books or single, often rare, case analyses in the literature. Busy clinicians may not have the time or inclination to sift through case books to find suitable teaching material, and the latter present unusual cases that many physicians may never encounter in their own practice. Relatively few articles present multiple cases involving ethical issues that are likely to appear in everyday practice in an accessible format for teaching...
March 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256332/-anesthesia-management-by-residents-does-not-alter-the-incidence-of-recall-of-tracheal-extubation-a-teaching-hospital-based-propensity-score-analysis
#12
Satoki Inoue, Ryuichi Abe, Yuu Tanaka, Masahiko Kawaguchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The memory of emergence from anesthesia is recognized as one type of anesthesia awareness. Apart from planed awake extubation, unintentional recall of tracheal extubation is thought to be the results of inadequate anesthesia management; therefore, the incidence can be related with the experience of anesthetists. To assess whether the incidence of recall of tracheal extubation is related to anesthetists' experience, we compared the incidence of recall of tracheal extubation between patients managed by anesthesia residents or by experienced anesthetists...
February 27, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253882/principle-based-structured-case-discussions-do-they-foster-moral-competence-in-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#13
Orsolya Friedrich, Kay Hemmerling, Katja Kuehlmeyer, Stefanie Nörtemann, Martin Fischer, Georg Marckmann
BACKGROUND: Recent findings suggest that medical students' moral competence decreases throughout medical school. This pilot study gives preliminary insights into the effects of two educational interventions in ethics classes on moral competence among medical students in Munich, Germany. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2013, medical students were tested using Lind's Moral Competence Test (MCT) prior to and after completing different ethics classes. The experimental group (EG, N = 76) participated in principle-based structured case discussions (PBSCDs) and was compared with a control group with theory-based case discussions (TBCDs) (CG, N = 55)...
March 3, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225459/it-is-time-to-cancel-medicine-s-social-contract-metaphor
#14
John M Harris
There is agreement that the complex relationship between medicine and society is best described as a metaphorical social contract and that professionalism is the medical profession's contribution to this contract. Metaphors can help clarify abstract concepts, but they can also be abused if the counterfactual attributes of a metaphor become attributed to its subject. This seems to be happening with medical professionalism, which has sometimes been reduced to a contracted deliverable and a bargaining chip. The undesirable attributes of the social contract metaphor may be hindering efforts to understand and teach medical professionalism...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223855/perception-of-educational-value-in-clinical-rotations-by-medical-students
#15
David A Kandiah
AIM: Clinical teaching in Australian medical schools has changed to meet the needs of substantially increased medical student cohorts. As such, formal feedback from these student cohorts is needed about the value they place on the educational input from each clinical rotation. This study aims to determine which aspects of clinical placements are most educationally useful to medical students. METHODS: In this study, final year medical students from the University of Western Australia (UWA) were surveyed via an anonymous online questionnaire, identifying which clinical placements were found to be the most and the least useful to their learning and the positive aspects of these placements...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216079/2016-caps-ethics-session-ein-debate-1-regionalization-of-pediatric-surgical-care-2-ethical-introduction-of-surgical-innovation-3-addressing-stress-in-a-surgical-practice-resiliency-well-being-and-burnout
#16
REVIEW
Charles E Bagwell, Priscilla Chiu, Annie Fecteau, Kenneth W Gow, Claudia M Mueller, David Price, Andrew F Zigman
The following is the conference proceeding of the Second Ein Debate from the 48th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Paediatric Surgeons held in Vancouver, BC, from September 22 to 24, 2016. The three main topics for debate, as prepared by the members of the CAPS Ethics Committee, are: 1. Regionalization of care: pros and cons, 2. Innovation in clinical care: ethical considerations, and 3. Surgeon well-being: caring for the caregiver. The authors of this paper, as participants in the debate, were assigned their positions at random...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165673/a-preliminary-survey-of-professionalism-teaching-practices-in-anatomy-education-among-indian-medical-colleges
#17
Ilavenil Karunakaran, Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian, Sheela Das Nalinakumari
Professionalism and ethics have gained widespread recognition as competencies to be fulfilled, taught, and assessed within medical education. The role of the anatomy course in developed nations has evolved over time and now encompasses multiple domains, including knowledge, skills, and the inculcation of professionalism and ethics. The Medical Council of India recently recommended the integration of professionalism teaching in undergraduate medical curricula. The authors investigated whether the initial orientation lectures and instructions given by faculty at the outset of undergraduate medical anatomy courses throughout India served a "hidden curriculum" regarding professionalism practices, and whether these orientation messages could serve as an early exposure to medical professionalism and ethics for medical students...
February 6, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163932/dyslipidemia-in-patients-with-a-cardiovascular-risk-and-disease-at-the-university-teaching-hospital-of-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#18
Vicky Jocelyne Ama Moor, Sylvie Ndongo Amougou, Sebastien Ombotto, Felicien Ntone, Doriane Edna Wouamba, Bernadette Ngo Nonga
Objective. To determine the frequency of lipid abnormalities in patients with a cardiovascular risk and disease at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) of Yaoundé. Materials and Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional study from 1 March to 31 May 2015 at the UTH of Yaoundé. We included all patients seen in the outpatient department with a diagnosis of a cardiovascular disease or a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Patients who accepted to participate in the study were asked to answer a questionnaire; after that a blood sample was taken for lipid profile...
2017: International Journal of Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161302/-professionalism-values-and-competences-in-specialized-medical-training
#19
N Giménez, J Alcaraz, M Gavagnach, R Kazan, A Arévalo, M Rodríguez-Carballeira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception of healthcare professionals (tutors, residents and teaching collaborators) involved in specialist medical training on the core values and skills to develop their tasks. METHODS: A tailor-made questionnaire aimed at healthcare professionals in 9health care centres and a referral hospital. Questionnaire: 4 sections and 51 variables (scale 1-10). RESULTS: A total of 287 professionals participated, which included 97% tutors (n=59), 38% residents (n=61), and 56% others (97 teaching collaborators and 70 not associated with teaching)...
February 1, 2017: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147426/-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis
#20
Ľubomír Skladaný, Silvia Kasová, Anna Purgelová, Natália Bystrianska, Svetlana Adamcová-Selčanová
AIM OF STUDY: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is the most frequent infectious complication of liver cirrhosis with serious consequences. Initially, SBP is always treated with empirical, not targeted, antibiotic therapy. Since a retrospective study performed in our department showed suboptimal effectiveness (only 40 %) of empirical antibiotic therapy in accordance with the EASL guidelines, a decision was made to change the protocol. The aims of this prospective study were to determine: (1) the incidence and characteristics of SBP in real clinical practice - in a liver unit of a tertiary hospital, (2) the effectiveness of new antibiotic therapy selected based on analysis of the spectrum of pathogens and their resistance to antibiotics as identified in a retrospective cohort study on SBP carried out in our department, (3) mortality, and to compare these findings with the literature data...
December 2016: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
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