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Ethics teaching

Ruaim A Muaygil
Advances in reproductive medicine have provided new, and much needed, hope for millions of people struggling with infertility. Gestational surrogacy is one such development that has been gaining popularity with infertile couples, especially those unable to benefit from other reproductive procedures such as In Vitro Fertilization. For many Muslim couples, however, surrogacy remains a nonviable option. Islamic scholars have deemed the procedure incompatible with Islam and have prohibited its use. This paper examines the arguments presented for proscribing surrogacy arrangements in Sunni Islam in particular...
October 20, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
Nathan Hodson, Alice Ryrie, Rose Glennerster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medical Education
Diana Bairaktarova, Anna Woodcock
Professional communities are experiencing scandals involving unethical and illegal practices daily. Yet it should not take a national major structure failure to highlight the importance of ethical awareness and behavior, or the need for the development and practice of ethical behavior in engineering students. Development of ethical behavior skills in future engineers is a key competency for engineering schools as ethical behavior is a part of the professional identity and practice of engineers. While engineering educators have somewhat established instructional methods to teach engineering ethics, they still rely heavily on teaching ethical awareness, and pay little attention to how well ethical awareness predicts ethical behavior...
October 17, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
Katelyn G Bennett, John M Ingraham, Lisa F Schneider, Pierre B Saadeh, Christian J Vercler
BACKGROUND: The ethical practice of medicine has always been of utmost importance, and plastic surgery is no exception. The literature is devoid of information on the teaching of ethics and professionalism in plastic surgery. In light of this, a survey was sent to ascertain the status of ethics training in plastic surgery residencies. METHODS: A 21-question survey was sent from the American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons meeting to 180 plastic surgery program directors and coordinators via email...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Christi R McGeorge, Thomas Stone Carlson, Candice A Maier
The purpose of this study was to explore (a) faculty members' beliefs about the ethics of reparative therapy and referring lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) clients, (b) course content related to reparative therapy and referral of LGB clients, and (c) positions taken by programs associated with reparative therapy and referral of LGB clients. A total of 117 faculty members from accredited family therapy programs completed an online survey for this study. While the vast majority of faculty members reported that reparative therapy is unethical, there was less agreement related to the ethics of referring LGB clients, which may highlight the need for clearer ethical guidelines to regulate this potentially harmful practice...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Qin Zhu, Brent K Jesiek
This paper begins by reviewing dominant themes in current teaching of professional ethics in engineering education. In contrast to more traditional approaches that simulate ethical practice by using ethical theories to reason through micro-level ethical dilemmas, this paper proposes a pragmatic approach to ethics that places more emphasis on the practical plausibility of ethical decision-making. In addition to the quality of ethical justification, the value of a moral action also depends on its effectiveness in solving an ethical dilemma, cultivating healthy working relationships, negotiating existing organizational cultures, and achieving contextual plausibility in everyday professional practice...
October 10, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
Carmenlita Chief, Samantha Sabo, Hershel Clark, Patricia Nez Henderson, Alfred Yazzie, Jacqueline Nahee, Scott J Leischow
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous worldviews and research approaches are fundamental to make meaning of complex health issues and increase the likelihood of identifying existing cultural protective factors that have contributed to the resilience and survival of Indigenous people worldwide. OBJECTIVE: We describe the process for applying the Diné (Navajo) paradigm of Są'áh Naagháí Bik'eh Hózhóó (SNBH), a belief system that guides harmonious living, and demonstrate how the application of SNBH enhances understanding of Navajo principles for well-being...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
Camellia Torabizadeh, Leyla Homayuni, Marzieh Moattari
BACKGROUND: Nurses are often faced with complex situations that made them to make ethical decisions; and to make such decisions, they need to possess the power of moral reasoning. Studies in Iran show that the majority of nursing students lack proper ethical development. Socratic teaching is a student-centered method which is strongly opposed to the lecturing method. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the impacts of Socratic questioning on the moral reasoning of the nursing students...
September 30, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Shubhank Khare, Jolly Rohatgi, Manjeet Singh Bhatia, Upreet Dhaliwal
CONTEXT: Caregivers who assist persons with visual impairment often neglect their needs, resulting in burden and depression. Rehabilitation efforts, directed to the disabled, seldom target the caregiver. AIM: To assess burden and depression in persons caring for blind individuals. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in the outpatient department of a tertiary-level teaching hospital in New Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional Ethical Board approval was obtained and written informed consent too was obtained from the participants involved in this study...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Pei-Pei Chen, Hsiao-Lu Lee, Shu-He Huang, Ching-Ling Wang, Chiu-Mieh Huang
BACKGROUND: Moral distress occurs when nurses experience ethical dilemmas. Issues related to these dilemmas are addressed in some nursing education courses. Nurses' reaction to dilemma such as moral distress is relatively less noticed. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify and describe the various types of perceptions of moral distress exhibited by nurses. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study applied Q methodology to explore the perspectives of nurses regarding moral distress...
September 28, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Karthik Narayanan Ramaswamy, Sunit Singhi, Muralidharan Jayashree, Arun Bansal, Karthi Nallasamy
OBJECTIVE: We compared efficacy of dopamine and epinephrine as first-line vasoactive therapy in achieving resolution of shock in fluid-refractory hypotensive cold septic shock. DESIGN: Double-blind, pilot, randomized controlled study. SETTING: Pediatric emergency and ICU of a tertiary care teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Consecutive children 3 months to 12 years old, with fluid-refractory hypotensive septic shock, were enrolled between July 2013 and December 2014...
September 23, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Mahnaz Shafakhah, Zahra Molazem, Mojgan Khademi, Farkhondeh Sharif
BACKGROUND: Values are the basis of nursing practice, especially in making decisions about complicated ethical issues. Despite their key role in nursing, little information exists on the factors affecting their development and manifestation in nursing students. OBJECTIVE: This study identifies and describes the facilitators and inhibitors of the development and manifestation of professional values based on the experiences of nursing students and instructors and nurses...
September 22, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Chikere A Anusiem, Paul O Okonkwo
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in the world. Further elucidation of the pathogenesis and identification of suitable biomarkers of the disease have remained research priorities. Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 β) signaling is known to be high in active tuberculosis. In this study, we followed up a cohort of adult sputum-positive tuberculosis patients and investigated the impact of anti-tuberculosis treatment on the serum concentrations of IL-1 β. The protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu...
September 16, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
Caroline LaRosa, Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Santiago de la Garza, Vania Phuoc, Steven Throneberry, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Laurence McCullough, John Coverdale
OBJECTIVE: One objective was to identify and review studies on teaching medical ethics to psychiatry residents. In order to gain insights from other disciplines that have published research in this area, a second objective was to identify and review studies on teaching medical ethics to residents across all other specialties of training and on teaching medical students. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were searched for controlled trials on teaching medical ethics with quantitative outcomes...
September 19, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Pedro José Villamizar, Sandra Milena Moreno, Freddy Moreno
INTRODUCTION: The socio-demographic characterization of medical students at the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in Cali, Colombia, was made using a survey and focus group discussion to collect information on access to the Internet, management of electronic social networks and the dissemination of photographs with patients taken during medical teaching rounds, a practice that constitutes a breach of professional medical conduct.  OBJECTIVE: To identify the management of social electronic networks by students of medicine with respect to the publication of photographs with patients...
2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
K Martakis, K Czabanowska, P Schröder-Bäck
BACKGROUND: Ethics education rarely exists in pediatric resident curricula, although ethical conflicts are common in the clinical practice. Ethics education can prepare residents to successfully handle these conflicts. AIM: We searched for methods in teaching ethics to clinical and especially pediatric residents, and identified recurring barriers to ethics teaching and solutions to overcome them. DESIGN: Literature from 4 electronic databases with peer-reviewed articles was screened in 3 phases and analyzed...
September 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
Aasim I Padela, Omar Qureshi
The ever-increasing technological advances of modern medicine have increased physicians' capacity to carry out a wide array of clinical interventions near the end-of-life. These new procedures have resulted in new "types" of living where a patient's cognitive functions are severely diminished although many physiological functions remain active. In this biomedical context, patients, surrogate decision-makers, and clinicians all struggle with decisions about what clinical interventions to pursue and when therapeutic intent should be replaced with palliative goals of care...
September 9, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
Mickey Keenan
Throughout the history of science, the scientific image has played a significant role in communication. With recent developments in computing technology, there has been an increase in the kinds of opportunities now available for scientists to communicate in more sophisticated ways. Within behavior analysis, though, we are only just beginning to appreciate the importance of going beyond the printing press to elucidate basic principles of behavior. The aim of this manuscript is to stimulate appreciation of both the role of the scientific image and the opportunities provided by a quick response code (QR code) for enhancing the functionality of the printed page...
May 2016: Behavior Analyst
Oghenetejiri Ubrurhe Enaworu, Ranjit Khutan
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is a major cause of cancer death in Nigerian men. Attempts to reduce mortality from prostate cancer have focused mainly on early detection of the disease by the use of PSA testing. As a result of the increased incidence of prostate cancer in Nigeria despite the widespread availability of testing facilities, it became pertinent to understand the salient factors that prompt Nigerian men to go for prostate cancer testing. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the factors that influence a group of Nigerian men's decision to go for Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) testing...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
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