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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145804/a-descriptive-study-of-the-health-information-needs-of-kenyan-women-in-the-first-6%C3%A2-weeks-postpartum
#1
Everlyne Rotich, Liz Wolvaardt
BACKGROUND: A large number of maternal and neonatal deaths occur during birth and 48 h after birth. The benefits of postnatal care to the mother and newborn cannot be overemphasized as this is another opportunity where complications that might arise from pregnancy and childbirth can be treated, as well as the time to provide important information on maternal and newborn care after delivery. This study aimed to determine the information needs of mother-baby pairs in the first 6 weeks after birth...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139057/cadaveric-simulation-a-review-of-reviews
#2
REVIEW
M Yiasemidou, E Gkaragkani, D Glassman, C S Biyani
BACKGROUND: Traditional surgical training, largely based on the Halstedian model "see one, do one, teach one" is not as effective in the era of working time restrictions and elaborate shift-patterns. As a result, contemporary surgeons turned to educational methods outside the operating theatre such as simulation. Cadavers are high fidelity models but their use has ethical and cost implications and their availability may be limited. In this review, we explore the role of cadaveric simulation in modern surgical education...
November 14, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131345/pursuing-an-ethical-socially-just-classroom-searching-for-community-psychology-pedagogy
#3
Lauren F Lichty, Eylin Palamaro-Munsell
Discussions of community psychology (CP) ethics often examine how we might best uphold CP values in community-based practice. However, for many community psychologists in faculty positions, our main domain of practice is the undergraduate classroom. Teaching is essential to the growth and sustainability of our field as prospective students tend to discover CP during their undergraduate studies. University-based work is also a key site of CP practice. Universities are contested spaces where interlocking forms of oppression manifest in many ways, including teaching (e...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125952/getting-to-the-core-of-medicine-developing-undergraduate-forensic-medicine-and-pathology-teaching
#4
Richard Martin Jones
Teaching and learning of forensic medicine and pathology in the undergraduate medical curriculum has been in decline for decades in the UK, and yet graduates are expected to be able to recognise, and protect, those who are most vulnerable in society - i.e. at risk of abuse or neglect - a matter highly relevant to the role of the forensic medical practitioner. When Cardiff University School of Medicine created a new 'learner-centred' undergraduate curriculum, championing case-based discussion in small groups, and earlier clinical contact, residual teaching on 'the pathology of trauma' disappeared...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122808/study-design-and-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-and-break-up-sitting-time-in-primary-school-classrooms-in-the-uk-the-class-pal-physically-active-learning-programme
#5
Ash C Routen, Stuart J H Biddle, Danielle H Bodicoat, Lorraine Cale, Stacy Clemes, Charlotte L Edwardson, Cris Glazebrook, Deirdre M Harrington, Kamlesh Khunti, Natalie Pearson, Jo Salmon, Lauren B Sherar
INTRODUCTION: Children engage in a high volume of sitting in school, particularly in the classroom. A number of strategies, such as physically active lessons (termed movement integration (MI)), have been developed to integrate physical activity into this learning environment; however, no single approach is likely to meet the needs of all pupils and teachers. This protocol outlines an implementation study of a primary school-based MI intervention: CLASS PAL (Physically Active Learning) programme...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116309/characteristics-of-role-models-who-influenced-medical-residents-to-choose-surgery-as-a-specialty-exploratory-study
#6
Carlos Eli Piccinato, Maria de Lourdes Veronese Rodrigues, Laura de Andrade Rocha, Luiz Ernesto de Almeida Troncon
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Choosing a medical specialty and making decisions concerning a career are difficult processes for medical students and newly graduated physicians.This exploratory study aimed to investigate the influence of role models on the choice of surgery as a career, and to determine the most influential model characteristics. DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative analysis on responses to a self-administered questionnaire, in different teaching-learning settings...
November 6, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113447/patient-or-person-centred-practice-in-medicine-a-review-of-concepts
#7
Jakobus M Louw, Tessa S Marcus, Johannes F M Hugo
BACKGROUND: Person-centred practice in medicine may provide solutions to several pressing problems in health care, including the cost of services, poor outcomes in chronic care and the rise in litigation. It is also an ethical imperative in itself. However, patient- or person-centred care is not well researched partly because of a lack of conceptual and definitional clarity. AIM: The aim of this review was to analyse essential elements, ethical principles, logic and the practical application of person-centred practice described in clinician- and researcher-defined conceptual frameworks, terms and practices...
October 19, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108141/teaching-ob-gyn-residents-bioethics-within-a-catholic-healthcare-context
#8
Andrew Steele
Residents entering training in the specialty of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN) often have misconceptions as to what medical interventions Roman Catholic healthcare institutions prohibit, and why certain restrictions are placed on the provision of reproductive health options that are otherwise legally available to women. The Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Healthcare Services, produced by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops seeks to provide a stable framework upon which reproductive health decisions can be based...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103367/survey-of-risks-and-benefits-communication-strategies-by-research-nurses
#9
Lika Nusbaum, Brenda Douglas, Neenah Estrella-Luna, Michael Paasche-Orlow, Karla Damus
BACKGROUND: An ethical, informed consent process requires that potential participants understand the study, their rights, and the risks and benefits. Yet, despite strategies to improve communication, many participants still lack understanding of potential risks and benefits. Investigating attitudes and practices of research nurses can identify ways to improve the informed consent process. RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the attitudes, practices, and preparedness of nurses involved in the informed consent process regarding communication of risks and benefits? RESEARCH DESIGN: A survey was developed and administered online to a national purposive sample of 107 research nurses with experience obtaining informed consent for clinical trials...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084226/how-familiar-are-our-doctors-towards-rabies-prophylaxis-a-study-from-coastal-south-india
#10
Ramesh Holla, Bhagawan Darshan, Astha Guliani, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Rekha Thapar, Prasanna Mithra, Nithin Kumar, Vaman Kulkarni, Avinash Kumar, Salman Anwar
BACKGROUND: Rabies, a 100% fatal disease claims more than 59,000 human lives every year globally. One human life is lost every 15 minutes due to this deadly preventable disease. Timely initiation of post exposure prophylaxis following an animal exposure can result in 100% preventability of this fatal disease. METHODOLOGY: This facility based study was conducted among clinical fraternities of teaching hospitals. A semi structured questionnaire was used for collection of data...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076858/promoting-nursing-students-ethical-development-in-the-clinical-setting
#11
Linda Koharchik, Eric Vogelstein, Mark Crider, Jessica Devido, Manjulata Evatt
This article is one in a series on the roles of adjunct clinical faculty and preceptors, who teach nursing students and new graduates to apply knowledge in clinical settings. In this article, the author discusses how nursing instructors influence the ethical development of students in the clinical setting.
November 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067929/comparison-of-stress-and-burnout-among-anesthesia-and-surgical-residents-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-north-india
#12
K Gandhi, N Sahni, S K Padhy, P J Mathew
OBJECTIVE: The residents undergoing training at hospitals in our country face challenges in terms of infrastructure and high workload with undefined working hours. The aim of the study was to compare the stress and burnout levels in trainee doctors doing residency in surgical fields and anesthesia at a tertiary care academic center in North India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comparative, observational study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital in North India...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067052/utilization-focused-evaluation-at-bahria-university-medical-dental-college
#13
Rehana Rehman, Rabiya Ali, Hina Moazzam, Saifullah Shaikh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate integrated learning program of neurosciences for continuation of integrated learning in the forthcoming teaching and learning modules of undergraduate medical curriculum at Bahria University Medical & Dental College (BUMDC). METHODS: A mixed method design was conducted from August 2016to February2017 after ethical approval from BUMDC. The quantitative aspect was evaluated retrospectively by desk records ofmarks obtained in integrated module and nonintegrated module...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058565/twelve-tips-for-using-clinical-cases-to-teach-medical-ethics
#14
Hongmei Dong, Renslow Sherer, Jon Lio, Ivy Jiang, Brian Cooper
The essential role of clinical case discussions in the teaching of medical ethics is well recognized. Based upon published literature and the authors' curricular development experience, the following 12 tips cover all major aspects of the case method for teaching clinical ethics and offer practical suggestions for designing and conducting case discussions.
October 23, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056825/central-poststroke-pain-its-profile-among-stroke-survivors-in-kano-nigeria
#15
Abdulbaki Halliru Bashir, Auwal Abdullahi, Muhammad Aliyu Abba, Naziru Bashir Mukhtar
BACKGROUND: Central poststroke pain (CPSP) caused by sensory dysfunction of central origin is a disabling condition that significantly affects the quality of life of stroke patients. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the clinical profiles and pattern of CPSP among stroke patients in Kano, Nigeria. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional design involving stroke survivors who were ≥18 years old and with no significant cognitive impairment approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056625/the-development-of-a-community-engagement-workshop-a-community-led-approach-for-building-researcher-capacity
#16
Jake Coffey, Anna Huff-Davis, Christie Lindsey, Onie Norman, Henryetter Curtis, Calvin Criner, M Kathryn Stewart
BACKGROUND: Although community-engaged research (CEnR) is increasingly promoted in the literature, academic programs often fail to prepare researchers for the critical, ethical, and power issues involved in CEnR. This article documents a community-created and led workshop for CEnR researchers. OBJECTIVES: The workshop's main objective is to increase researchers' knowledge and felt experience of the "dos and don'ts" of CEnR in three research domains: entering the community, accommodating the realities and constraints of community-based organizations, and dissemination...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054573/simulation-as-a-surgical-teaching-model
#17
José Luis Ruiz-Gómez, José Ignacio Martín-Parra, Mónica González-Noriega, Carlos Godofredo Redondo-Figuero, José Carlos Manuel-Palazuelos
Teaching of surgery has been affected by many factors over the last years, such as the reduction of working hours, the optimization of the use of the operating room or patient safety. Traditional teaching methodology fails to reduce the impact of these factors on surgeońs training. Simulation as a teaching model minimizes such impact, and is more effective than traditional teaching methods for integrating knowledge and clinical-surgical skills. Simulation complements clinical assistance with training, creating a safe learning environment where patient safety is not affected, and ethical or legal conflicts are avoided...
October 17, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026464/evaluation-of-doppler-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-dysfunction-a-prospective-study
#18
Charlotte Nicolas, Amélie Le Gouge, Louis d'Alteroche, Jean Ayoub, Monica Georgescu, Vincent Vidal, Denis Castaing, Jean-Pierre Cercueil, Patrick Chevallier, Jérôme Roumy, Hervé Trillaud, Louis Boyer, Vincent Le Pennec, Christophe Perret, Bruno Giraudeau, Jean-Marc Perarnau, Stic-Tips Group
AIM: To prospectively evaluate the performance of Doppler-ultrasonography (US) for the detection of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) dysfunction within a multicenter cohort of cirrhotic patients. METHODS: This study was conducted in 10 french teaching hospitals. After TIPS insertion, angiography and liver Doppler-US were carried out every six months to detect dysfunction (defined by a portosystemic gradient ≥ 12 mmHg and/or a stent stenosis ≥ 50%)...
September 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024152/teaching-about-ethics-with-an-interprofessional-mock-trial
#19
Raquel Autran Coelho, José Málbio Oliveira Rolim, Silvana Lícia Nogueira Machado, Helvécio Neves Feitosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022362/narratives-of-health-and-illness-arts-based-research-capturing-the-lived-experience-of-dementia
#20
Hilary Moss, Desmond O'Neill
Introduction This paper presents three artists' residencies in a geriatric medicine unit in a teaching hospital. The aim of the residencies was creation of new work of high artistic quality reflecting the lived experience of the person with dementia and greater understanding of service user experience of living with dementia. This paper also explores arts-based research methodologies in a medical setting. Method Arts-based research and narrative enquiry were the method used in this study. Artists had extensive access to service users with dementia, family carers and clinical team...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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