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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906121/one-health-training-and-research-activities-in-western-europe
#1
REVIEW
Reina Sikkema, Marion Koopmans
INTRODUCTION: The increase in emerging human infectious diseases that have a zoonotic origin and the increasing resistance of microorganisms to antimicrobial drugs have shown the need for collaborations between the human, animal and environmental health sectors. The One Health concept increasingly receives recognition from policy makers and researchers all over the world. This overview compiled research and education activities in the area of One Health in Western Europe (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Iceland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Portugal, Scandinavia, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom (UK), with a focus on infectious diseases...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905962/identifying-potential-differences-in-cause-of-death-coding-practices-across-russian-regions
#2
Inna Danilova, Vladimir M Shkolnikov, Dmitri A Jdanov, France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
BACKGROUND: Reliable and comparable data on causes of death are crucial for public health analysis, but the usefulness of these data can be markedly diminished when the approach to coding is not standardized across territories and/or over time. Because the Russian system of producing information on causes of death is highly decentralized, there may be discrepancies in the coding practices employed across the country. In this study, we evaluate the uniformity of cause-of-death coding practices across Russian regions using an indirect method...
March 22, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905937/impact-of-tailored-blogs-and-content-on-usage-of-web-cipher-an-online-platform-to-help-policymakers-better-engage-with-evidence-from-research
#3
Steve R Makkar, Megan Howe, Anna Williamson, Frances Gilham
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop innovations that can help bridge the gap between research and policy. Web CIPHER is an online tool designed to help policymakers better engage with research in order to increase its use in health policymaking. The aim of the present study was to test interventions in order to increase policymakers' usage of Web CIPHER. Namely, the impact of posting articles and blogs on topics relevant to the missions and scope of selected policy agencies in the Web CIPHER community...
December 1, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905681/childhood-immune-thrombocytopenia-a-nationwide-cohort-study-on-condition-management-and-outcomes
#4
Lamiae Grimaldi-Bensouda, Clémentine Nordon, Thierry Leblanc, Lucien Abenhaim, Slimane Allali, Corinne Armari-Alla, Claire Berger, Mary-France Courcoux, Fanny Fouyssac, Cécile Guillaumat, Corinne Guitton, Philippe Le Moine, Françoise Mazingue, Corinne Pondarré, Caroline Thomas, Marlène Pasquet, Yves Perel, Guy Leverger, Nathalie Aladjidi
OBJECTIVES: Nationwide prospective cohort study exploring (i) the factors associated with treatment initiation (vs. watchful waiting) in children with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) followed in routine clinical practice and (ii) the predictors of chronicity at 12 months. PROCEDURE: Between 2008 and 2013, 23 centers throughout France consecutively included 257 children aged 6 months-18 years and diagnosed with primary ITP over a 5-year period. Data on ITP clinical features along with medical management were collected at baseline and 12 months...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905679/care-management-for-foreign-children-adolescents-young-adults-with-cancer-and-their-families
#5
Jérémie Gaudichon, Sandra Toscani, Sarah Cohen-Gogo, Juliette Saulpic, Aurore Surun, Oya Sakiroglu, François Doz, Jean Michon, Daniel Orbach
BACKGROUND: Little is known about care management for foreign patients in pediatric oncology in European centers. We aimed to describe care given to children, adolescents, and young adults who came to France for cancer treatment, and to determine whether their geographical origin had an influence on decision making. PROCEDURE: We conducted a monocentric retrospective study on all foreign patients aged 0-25 years and hospitalized for at least one night in Institut Curie (Paris, France) from 2009 to 2013...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905676/association-between-daily-hemodialysis-access-to-renal-transplantation-and-patients-survival-in-france
#6
Adélaïde Pladys, Cécile Vigneau, Maryvonne Hourmant, Gabrielle Duneau, Cécile Couchoud, Sahar Bayat
AIM: Daily hemodialysis improves patients' quality of life and blood purification, but its effect on survival remains controversial. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between daily hemodialysis and renal transplantation and survival in France. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study based on the French REIN registry. All incident patients ≥18 y/o who started daily hemodialysis in France between 2003 and 2012 were included. Using a propensity score, 575 patients on daily hemodialysis were matched with 1696 patients receiving thrice-weekly hemodialysis...
December 1, 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904882/first-case-of-actinomycetoma-in-france-due-to-a-novel-nocardia-species-nocardia-boironii-sp-nov
#7
Jacques M Gilquin, Brigitte Riviere, Valme Jurado, Bernard Audouy, Jean-Baptiste Kouatche, Emmanuelle Bergeron, Delphine Mouniée, Thierry Molina, Philippe Faure, Cesáreo Saiz-Jimenez, Verónica Rodríguez-Nava
Bacterial mycetoma is a neglected disease mainly observed in tropical area countries and typically associated with rural conditions, making its presence in developed countries of temperate climate areas rare. However, we report the first case of an autochthonous mycetoma case in continental France that originated from a new Nocardia species. A Gram-positive filamentous bacterium (OFN 14.177(T)) was isolated from a pus sample from the mycetoma of a male French patient 92 years old suffering from chronic lymphocytic leukemia...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904747/comparing-the-disk-diffusion-and-agar-dilution-tests-for-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing
#8
Hsi Liu, Thomas H Taylor, Kevin Pettus, Steve Johnson, John R Papp, David Trees
BACKGROUND: We assessed the validity of testing for antimicrobial susceptibility of clinical and mutant Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) isolates by disk diffusion in comparison to agar dilution, and Etest® (bioMerieux, France), respectively, for three third generation extended spectrum cephalosporins (ESC): ceftriaxone (CRO), cefixime (CFX), and cefpodoxime (CPD). METHODS: One hundred and five clinical isolates and ten laboratory-mutants were tested following Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) and manufacturer's standards for each of the three methods...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903642/behavioral-characterization-of-kappa-opioid-receptor-agonist-spiradoline-and-cannabinoid-receptor-agonist-cp55940-mixtures-in-rats
#9
Vanessa Minervini, Sujata S Dahal, Charles France
Pain is a significant clinical problem and there is a need for more effective treatments with reduced adverse effects that currently limit the use of mu opioid receptor agonists. Synthetic kappa opioid receptor agonists have no abuse liability and well-documented antinociceptive effects; however, adverse effects (diuresis, dysphoria) preclude their use in the clinic. Combining kappa opioids with non-opioid drugs (cannabinoid receptor agonists) allows for smaller doses of each drug to produce antinociception...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903508/the-patient-perspective-on-absence-of-disease-activity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-survey-to-identify-key-domains-of-patient-perceived-remission
#10
Lilian H D van Tuyl, Martina Sadlonova, Sarah Hewlett, Bev Davis, Caroline Flurey, Niti Goel, Laure Gossec, Cecilie Heegaard Brahe, Catherine L Hill, Wijnanda Hoogland, John Kirwan, Merete L Hetland, Dirkjan van Schaardenburg, Josef S Smolen, Tanja Stamm, Marieke Voshaar, George A Wells, Maarten Boers
BACKGROUND: Guidelines suggest treatment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to target remission, in close consultation with the patient. Our recent qualitative study of the patients' perspective on remission in RA identified 26 domains. The current study aimed to identify a short list of the most important aspects to inform future research. METHODS: Patients with RA from the Netherlands, the UK, Austria, Denmark, France and the USA completed a survey that contained all domains identified in our qualitative study...
November 30, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903461/clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-among-adults-hospitalized-with-influenza-like-illness-in-france
#11
Paul Loubet, Nezha Lenzi, Martine Valette, Vincent Foulongne, Anne Krivine, Nadhira Houhou, Gisele Lagathu, Sylvie Rogez, Sophie Alain, Xavier Duval, Florence Galtier, Deborah Postil, Pierre Tattevin, Philippe Vanhems, Fabrice Carrat, Bruno Lina, Odile Launay
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze characteristics and outcome of RSV infection in adults hospitalized with influenza-like illness (ILI). METHODS: Patients hospitalized with ILI were included in this prospective, multicenter study carried out in six French hospitals during three consecutive influenza seasons (2012-2015). RSV and other respiratory viruses were detected by multiplex PCR in nasopharyngeal swabs. Risk factors for RSV infection were identified by backward stepwise logistic regression analysis...
November 26, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903409/synthesis-of-novel-substituted-pyrimidine-derivatives-bearing-a-sulfamide-group-and-their-in-vitro-cancer-growth-inhibition-activity
#12
Carole-Anne Lefebvre, Elsa Forcellini, Sophie Boutin, Marie-France Côté, René C-Gaudreault, Patrick Mathieu, Patrick Lagüe, Jean-François Paquin
The synthesis of two series of novel substituted pyrimidine derivatives bearing a sulfamide group have been described and their in vitro cancer growth inhibition activities have been evaluated against three human tumour cell lines (HT-29, M21, and MCF7). In general, growth inhibition activity has been enhanced by the introduction of a bulky substituent on the aromatic ring with the best compound having GI50<6μM for all the human tumour cell lines. The MCF7 selective compounds were evaluated on four additional human invasive breast ductal carcinoma cell lines (MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468, SKBR3, and T47D) and were selective against T47D cell line in all cases except one, suggesting a potential antiestrogen activity...
November 19, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903317/laboratory-surveillance-of-arboviral-infections-in-a-southern-france-region-colonized-by-aedes-albopictus
#13
L Cadot, M Segondy, V Foulongne
The establishment of Aedes albopictus in southern France, a recognized competent vector for several arboviruses, represents a new threat for the local transmission and spread of what were until recently considered as tropical diseases. A preparedness and response plan, based on vigilance of both clinicians and laboratories, has introduced significant changes in guidelines and behaviour regarding patients' care specifically during the activity period of mosquitoes. In the present study, we report the results of a 1-year activity in arboviral infection diagnosis...
December 1, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902836/effect-of-a-web-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-insomnia-intervention-with-1-year-follow-up-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Lee M Ritterband, Frances P Thorndike, Karen S Ingersoll, Holly R Lord, Linda Gonder-Frederick, Christina Frederick, Mark S Quigg, Wendy F Cohn, Charles M Morin
Importance: Although cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) has been established as the first-line recommendation for the millions of adults with chronic insomnia, there is a paucity of trained clinicians to deliver this much needed treatment. Internet-delivered CBT-I has shown promise as a method to overcome this obstacle; however, the long-term effectiveness has not been proven in a representative sample with chronic insomnia. Objective: To evaluate a web-based, automated CBT-I intervention to improve insomnia in the short term (9 weeks) and long term (1 year)...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902741/factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-initiation-a-comparison-between-france-and-french-speaking-canada
#15
Lisa-Christine Girard, Sylvana M Côté, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Lise Dubois, Bruno Falissard, Anne Forhan, Orla Doyle, Jonathan Y Bernard, Barbara Heude, Marie-Josephe Saurel-Cubizolles, Monique Kaminski, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with multiple domains of health for both mothers and children. Nevertheless, breastfeeding initiation is low within certain developed countries. Furthermore, comparative studies of initiation rates using harmonised data across multiple regions is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare individual-level determinants of breastfeeding initiation using two French-speaking cohorts. METHODS: Participants included ~ 3,900 mothers enrolled in two cohort studies in Canada and France...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902721/facial-indicators-of-positive-emotions-in-rats
#16
Kathryn Finlayson, Jessica Frances Lampe, Sara Hintze, Hanno Würbel, Luca Melotti
Until recently, research in animal welfare science has mainly focused on negative experiences like pain and suffering, often neglecting the importance of assessing and promoting positive experiences. In rodents, specific facial expressions have been found to occur in situations thought to induce negatively valenced emotional states (e.g., pain, aggression and fear), but none have yet been identified for positive states. Thus, this study aimed to investigate if facial expressions indicative of positive emotional state are exhibited in rats...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902601/time-course-of-graves-orbitopathy-after-total-thyroidectomy-and-radioiodine-therapy-for-thyroid-cancer
#17
Camille Louvet, Annamaria De Bellis, Bruno Pereira, Claire Bournaud, Antony Kelly, Salwan Maqdasy, Beatrice Roche, Francoise Desbiez, Francoise Borson-Chazot, Igor Tauveron, Marie Batisse-Lignier
The risk of cancer is relatively higher in Graves' patients presenting simultaneously with thyroid nodules. Radioiodine (RAI) therapy recommended in high-risk differentiated thyroid carcinoma may be associated with worsening of a pre-existing Graves' orbitopathy (GO) or developing a new onset. The impact of RAI therapy in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer on the course of a pre-exisiting GO has not been specifically investigated.The aim of this study is to assess the influence of RAI treatment administered for differentiated thyroid cancer on the course of a pre-existing GO...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902520/rethinking-recovery-incorporating-holistic-nursing-perspectives-in-poststroke-care
#18
Frances Peterson-Burch, Karin Reuter-Rice, Taura L Barr
Stroke is a life-changing experience. Current treatments focus on treating the condition, rather than the whole person. The goal of this report was to communicate the benefits of a holistic approach to the treatment and recovery of stroke. Our intent was to begin a conversation to transform our approach to stroke care to focus on the whole person, body, mind, and spirit. Wellness approaches are fiscally responsible ways of providing holistic care for patients and their family members to help them achieve optimal individualized recovery...
January 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902416/the-xylella-fastidiosa-codiro-strain-associated-with-the-olive-quick-decline-syndrome-in-southern-italy-belongs-to-a-clonal-complex-of-the-subspecies-pauca-that-evolved-in-central-america
#19
Marco Scortichini, Simone Marcelletti
Xylella fastidiosa, a xylem-limited bacterium transmitted by xylem-fluid feeding Hemiptera insects, causes economic losses of both woody and herbaceous plant species. A X. fastidiosa subsp. pauca strain, namely CoDiRO, was recently found to be associated with the "olive quick decline syndrome" in southern Italy (i.e., Apulia region). Recently, some X. fastidiosa strains intercepted in France from Coffea spp. plant cuttings imported from Central and South America were characterized. The introduction of infected plant material from Central America in Apulia was also postulated even though an ad hoc study to confirm this hypothesis is lacking...
November 2, 2016: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901518/life-events-substance-use-psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-male-and-female-french-gamblers
#20
Ce Line Bonnaire, Vivianne Kovess, Romain Guignard, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Enguerrand Du-Roscoat, Franc Ois Beck
BACKGROUND: Most studies on substance use, psychological distress, quality of life (QoL), and life events among gamblers are carried out on pathological gamblers seeking treatment, and sex differences are rarely investigated. The aim of this study was to explore the potential male-female differences in the relationship between these variables in a nationally representative French sample. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-two problem gamblers (PGs) and 25,314 non-problem gamblers or non-gamblers (NPGs) were evaluated for sociodemographic variables, gambling behavior, substance use, QoL, and life events...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
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