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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142426/in-silico-and-in-vitro-anticancer-activity-of-isolated-novel-marker-compound-from-chemically-modified-bioactive-fraction-from-curcuma-longa-nccl
#1
Arshi Naqvi, Richa Malasoni, Swati Gupta, Akansha Srivastava, Rishi R Pandey, Anil Kumar Dwivedi
Background: Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is reported to possess wide array of biological activities. Herbal Medicament (HM) is a standardized hexane-soluble fraction of C. longa and is well known for its neuroprotective effect. Objective: In this study, we attempted to synthesize a novel chemically modified bioactive fraction from HM (NCCL) along with isolation and characterization of a novel marker compound (I). Materials and Methods: NCCL was prepared from HM...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141062/management-of-severe-acne-vulgaris-with-topical-therapy
#2
Linda Stein Gold, Hilary E Baldwin, Tina Lin
<p>Acne vulgaris (acne) is the most common skin disease we see in dermatology practice. Although rare in childhood, severe acne can affect up to 12% of the adolescent population. A chronic disease, it requires both aggressive management and effective maintenance strategies. Oral antibiotics, in combination with topical agents are recommended for treatment, with topical agents being continued as maintenance therapy to minimize resistance and recurrence. However, concerns with systemic side effects have recently resulted in a greater focus on the potential of fixed combination topical therapies to treat severe acne...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141057/lasers-light-and-the-treatment-of-acne-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#3
Lana X Tong, Jeremy A Brauer
INTRODUCTION: Acne vulgaris is common dermatologic condition with an estimated prevalence of 70 to 87%. Acne has been shown to have a significant impact on patient quality of life and mental health, especially as inflammatory lesions typically occur on cosmetically sensitive areas with the potential for permanent scarring. There have been numerous advances in the treatment of inflammatory acne with light-based and laser devices. OBJECTIVE: To review the current evidence for light-based and laser treatments in the management of inflammatory acne...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140537/using-normal-and-high-pulse-coverage-with-picosecond-laser-treatment-of-wrinkles-and-acne-scarring-long-term-clinical-observations
#4
Christine Dierickx
OBJECTIVE: The picosecond 755 nm alexandrite laser using a diffractive lens array has demonstrated consistent clinical efficacy for improving the appearance of acne scarring and wrinkles amongst other benefits. This small pilot study is to assess the difference, if any, in clinical benefit if a higher than the standard protocol for number of pulses delivered to a tissue area is used compared to the standard protocol guidelines. METHOD: Seven subjects received treatment to one side of the face with a standard protocol number of laser pulses with the other side of the face receiving higher than standard number of pulses from the same 755 nm picosecond laser using an additional diffractive lens array...
November 15, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138059/pityrosporum-folliculitis-a-retrospective-review-of-110-cases
#5
Brea Prindaville, Leah Belazarian, Nikki A Levin, Karen Wiss
BACKGROUND: Pityrosporum folliculitis is an under-recognized eruption of the face and upper trunk that may be confused with, or occur simultaneously with, acne vulgaris. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize risk factors for Pityrosporum folliculitis, its clinical presentation, and response to treatment. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients aged 0 to 21 years seen from 2010-2015 with Pityrosporum folliculitis confirmed by potassium hydroxide (KOH) preparation...
November 11, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137705/novel-approach-to-high-throughput-determination-of-endocrine-disruptors-using-recycled-diatomaceous-earth-as-a-green-sorbent-phase-for-thin-film-solid-phase-microextraction-combined-with-96-well-plate-system
#6
Nicolas Kirschner, Adriana Neves Dias, Dilma Budziak, Cristian Berto da Silveira, Josias Merib, Eduardo Carasek
A sustainable approach to TF-SPME is presented using recycled diatomaceous earth, obtained from a beer purification process, as a green sorbent phase for the determination of bisphenol A (BPA), benzophenone (BzP), triclocarban (TCC), 4-methylbenzylidene camphor (4-MBC) and 2-ethylhexyl-p-methoxycinnamate (EHMC) in environmental water samples. TF-SPME was combined with a 96-well plate system allowing for high-throughput analysis due to the simultaneous extraction/desorption up to 96 samples. The proposed sorbent phase exhibited good stability in organic solvents, as well as satisfactory analytical performance...
December 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137492/a-guide-to-topical-vehicle-formulations
#7
Julia N Mayba, Melinda J Gooderham
Adherence to topical treatment for a variety of chronic skin conditions, such as psoriasis, acne, and atopic dermatitis, is known to be very poor. A number of factors contribute to this phenomenon, including lack of treatment efficacy and patient concerns regarding side effects, among others. At the forefront of barriers facing optimal patient adherence to topical treatment is choosing the ideal topical vehicle formulation. Medical professionals have demonstrated a lack of understanding with respect to the composition and nomenclature of the various topical formulations...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137347/antiandrogenic-and-antimineralocorticoid-health-benefits-of-coc-containing-newer-progestogens-dienogest-and-drospirenone
#8
REVIEW
Pedro-Antonio Regidor, Adolf E Schindler
Data have demonstrated that COCs, besides offering a satisfactory and safe contraception, offer a variety of non-contraceptive health benefits and therapeutic positive aspects. Many prescribes and users, however, do not realize these positive aspects especially the non-contraceptive health benefits. While the contraceptive use is the primary indication for COC use for most women, these users should be advised in regard of the non-contraceptive benefits when contraception is discussed and prescribed. Using COCs specifically for non-contraceptive indications is an off-label use in many clinical situations (only some exceptions as e...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137071/a-comparative-study-of-biological-and-metabolic-biomarkers-between-healthy-individuals-and-patients-with-acne-vulgaris-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol
#9
Kyuseok Kim, Injin Ha, Eunok Kim, Kyunglee Kim
Acne is a multifactorial dermatosis, which is influenced not only by hormones but also by the biochemical relationship between them and the pilosebaceous unit. Inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, active oxygen, and zinc are known to be associated with the development of acne. Further, steroid metabolism is known as one of the important factors related to sebum secretion and comedone formation in acne. However, there is a lack of studies comparing these human biomarkers between healthy individuals and patients with acne...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136261/decrease-in-diversity-of-propionibacterium-acnes-phylotypes-in-patients-with-severe-acne-on-the-back
#10
Marie-Ange Dagnelie, Stéphane Corvec, Mélanie Saint-Jean, Valérie Bourdès, Jean-Michel Nguyen, Amir Khammari, Brigitte Dréno
Propionibacterium acnes, a major member of normal skin microbiota, is subdivided into 6 phylotypes: IA1, IA2, IB, IC, II and III. This study investigated P. acnes subgroups on the face and back in patients with severe acne and in healthy controls. In 71.4% of patients with severe acne, P. acnes phylotypes were identical on the face and back, whereas this was the case in only 45.5% of healthy controls. The healthy group carried phylotypes IA1 (39.1%) and II (43.4%), whereas the acne group carried a high predominance of IA1 (84...
November 14, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134825/assessing-the-need-for-a-comprehensive-acne-quality-of-life-scale-for-face-and-torso-acne
#11
Chelsea McLellan, Marc Philip Frey, Jerry Tan
PURPOSE: While acne, a common condition, largely involves the face, chest, and back, current acne quality-of-life measures focus primarily on facial acne. The purpose of this study was to assess the need for a comprehensive quality-of-life measure intended for use with patients who have facial and/or torso acne. METHODS: We evaluated the need for a comprehensive quality-of-life scale for facial and torso acne based on data from an epidemiological survey (N = 690) in which participants were grouped according to the location of their acne (face, torso, or both) and where quality of life was assessed...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131371/utility-of-gram-staining-for-diagnosis-of-malassezia-folliculitis
#12
Wei-Ting Tu, Szu-Ying Chin, Chia-Lun Chou, Che-Yuan Hsu, Yu-Tsung Chen, Donald Liu, Woan-Ruoh Lee, Yi-Hsien Shih
Malassezia folliculitis (MalF) mimics acne vulgaris and bacterial folliculitis in clinical presentations. The role of Gram staining in rapid diagnosis of MalF has not been well studied. In our study, 32 patients were included to investigate the utility of Gram staining for MalF diagnosis. The final diagnoses of MalF were determined according to clinical presentation, pathological result and treatment response to antifungal agents. Our results show that the sensitivity and specificity of Gram staining are 84...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131127/pleiotropic-effects-of-white-willow-bark-and-1-2-decanediol-on-human-adult-keratinocytes
#13
Eleonora Bassino, Franco Gasparri, Luca Munaron
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a common skin defect, usually occurring during adolescence, but often it can persist in adults leaving permanent face scarring. Acne is usually treated with topical drugs, oral antibiotics, retinoids, and hormonal therapies, but medicinal plants are increasingly employed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective role of white willow bark (WWB) and 1,2-decanediol (DD) on the damage caused by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on human adult keratinocytes (HaCaT)...
November 8, 2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130770/transition-state-analogue-imprinted-polymers-as-artificial-amidases-for-amino-acid-p-nitroanilides-morphological-effects-of-polymer-network-on-catalytic-efficiency
#14
Divya Mathew, Benny Thomas, K S Devaky
The morphology of the polymer network - porous/less porous - plays predominant role in the amidase activities of the polymer catalysts in the hydrolytic reactions of amino acid p-nitroanilides. Polymers with the imprints of stable phosphonate analogue of the intermediate of hydrolytic reactions were synthesized as enzyme mimics. Molecular imprinting was carried out in thermodynamically stable porogen dimethyl sulphoxide and unstable porogen chloroform, to investigate the morphological effects of polymers on catalytic amidolysis...
November 13, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130432/corrigendum-proposal-to-reclassify-propionibacterium-acnes-type-i-as-propionibacterium-acnes-subsp-acnes-subsp-nov-and-propionibacterium-acnes-type-ii-as-propionibacterium-acnes-subsp-defendens-subsp-nov
#15
Andrew McDowell, Emma Barnard, Jared Liu, Huiying Li, Sheila Patrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127053/practical-management-of-acne-for-clinicians-an-international-consensus-from-the-global-alliance-to-improve-outcomes-in-acne
#16
Diane M Thiboutot, Brigitte Dréno, Adbullah Abanmi, Andrew F Alexis, Elena Araviiskaia, Maria Isabel Barona Cabal, Vincenzo Bettoli, Flordeliz Casintahan, Steven Chow, Adilson da Costa, Tam El Ouazzani, Chee-Leok Goh, Harald Pm Gollnick, Minerva Gomez, Nobukazu Hayashi, Maria Isabel Herane, Juan Honeyman, Sewon Kang, Lajos Kemeny, Raj Kubba, Julien Lambert, Alison M Layton, James J Leyden, Jose Luis López-Estebaranz, Nopadon Noppakun, Falk Ochsendorf, Cristina Oprica, Beatriz Orozco, Montserrat Perez, Jaime Piquero Martin, Jo-Ann See, Dae Hun Suh, Jerry Tan, Vicente Torres Lozada, Patricia Troielli, Leihong Flora Xiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125405/cutibacterium-formerly-propionibacterium-acnes-infections-associated-with-implantable-devices
#17
Amal A Gharamti, Zeina A Kanafani
Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes), a Gram-positive biofilm-forming rod implicated in acne vulgaris, is increasingly recognized for its role in implant-associated infections. The diagnosis of C. acnes implant-associated infections remains challenging. The optimal treatment is a combination of both surgical intervention and antibiotic therapy. Areas Covered: In this review, we discuss the different types of implant-associated infections caused by C. acnes. We also highlight the clinical manifestations pertaining to the various sites of infection, and identify several risk factors previously reported in the literature...
November 10, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125183/ovarian-surgery-for-symptom-relief-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#18
REVIEW
Sam Lepine, Junyoung Jo, Mostafa Metwally, Ying C Cheong
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine condition, affecting approximately one in 10 women. PCOS is defined by two of three features: oligo- or anovulation, clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism or both, or polycystic ovaries.Women with PCOS can have a wide range of health problems, including infrequent and irregular periods, unwanted hair growth and acne, and subnormal fertility. Long-term health concerns include an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and the development of precancerous disease of the womb...
November 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123243/immunohistochemical-detection-of-propionibacterium-acnes-in-the-retinal-granulomas-in-patients-with-ocular-sarcoidosis
#19
Kenji Nagata, Yoshinobu Eishi, Keisuke Uchida, Kazuhito Yoneda, Hiroki Hatanaka, Toru Yasuhara, Maho Nagata, Chie Sotozono, Shigeru Kinoshita
The etiology of sarcoidosis is still obscure; however, Mycobacteria and Propionibacterium acnes are considered the most implicated etiological agent for sarcoidosis. To investigate whether P. acnes is an etiological agent for sarcoid uveitis, we analyzed the frequency of P. acnes detected within the biopsied retinas from patients with ocular sarcoidosis by immunohistochemistry with a P. acnes-specific monoclonal antibody (PAB antibody). Eleven patients (12 eyes) with sarcoid uveitis were enrolled in this study...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123122/identification-of-low-oxygen-tolerating-bacteria-in-prostate-secretions-of-cancer-patients-and-discussion-of-possible-aetiological-significance
#20
Roshni Bhudia, Amar Ahmad, Onyinye Akpenyi, Angela Whiley, Mark Wilks, Tim Oliver
The microaerophylic organism Propionibacterium acnes has shown consistent association with prostate cancer (PC). Studies linking circumcision with reduced PC further support anaerobes involvement as circumcision reduces anaerobe colonisation on the glans penis. A 1988 study linked anaerobes with PC but considered them as opportunists in necrotic tumour. A hypothesis that a "Helicobacter-like" process causes PC justified this pilot study. Active surveillance patients were enrolled. Post-prostate massage urine samples were screened using the Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight (MALDI-TOF) technique for bacterial identification after culture in anaerobic and aerobic conditions...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
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