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C L Pickworth, L M Bell, W Greene, C S Whisnant, D H Poole
Beef Quality Assurance programs have contributed to significant improvements in the wholesomeness of beef available for consumption. Injection site blemishes in the round have declined since the promotion of administering intramuscular injections in the neck. Unfortunately, many producers continue to administer estrus synchronization (ES) drugs in the rump. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of injection site of PGF2α, in ES protocols, on steroid hormone concentrations and pregnancy rates...
August 27, 2016: Theriogenology
Christine E Campbell, Beverly I Strassmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Non-communicable diseases may reflect an evolutionary mismatch between our human ancestry and modern environments. To explore the mismatch hypothesis for Acne vulgaris, we studied the prevalence and severity of acne in Dogon adolescents in Mali, West Africa. METHODOLOGY: We graded the prevalence and severity of acne in 1182 Dogon adolescents aged 11-18 years from nine villages using facial photos taken as part of a prospective cohort study...
2016: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
Rinat Tardi-Ovadia, Raphael Linker, Leah Tsror
Fungi can modify the pH in and/or around the infected site via alkalinization or acidification and pH monitoring may provide valuable information on host-fungus interactions. The objective of the present study was to examine the ability of two fungi, Colletotrichum coccodes and Helminthosporium solani, to modify the pH of potato tuber during artificial inoculation in situ. Both fungi cause blemishes on potato tubers which downgrade tuber quality and yield. Direct visualization and estimation of pH change near the inoculation area were achieved using pH indicators and image analysis...
September 19, 2016: Phytopathology
D B Silva, V H P Bueno, F J Calvo, J C van Lenteren
The predators Macrolophus basicornis (Stal), Engytatus varians (Distant) and Campyloneuropsis infumatus (Carvalho) consume large numbers of tomato pests such as Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) and Tuta absoluta (Meyrick). However, they are zoophytophagous and feed on plant parts as well. We evaluated the type and effect of injury caused by nymphs and adults of these mirids on tomato seedlings and fruit in the absence of prey. For each mirid species, seedlings were exposed to groups of 20 nymphs or adults for 72 h, and fruits were exposed for 48 h to groups of four nymphs or adults...
August 30, 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Isabella Ferando, Guido C Faas, Istvan Mody
The synapse specificity of long-term potentiation (LTP) ensures that no interference arises from inputs irrelevant to the memory to be encoded. In hippocampi of aged (21-28 months) mice, LTP was relayed to unstimulated synapses, blemishing its synapse specificity. Diminished levels of the K(+)/Cl(-) cotransporter KCC2 and a depolarizing GABAA receptor-mediated synaptic component following LTP were the most likely causes for the spreading of potentiation, unveiling mechanisms hindering information storage in the aged brain and identifying KCC2 as a potential target for intervention...
September 2016: Nature Neuroscience
Konstantin O Tskhay, John Paul Wilson, Nicholas O Rule
Previous theoretical work has suggested that people can accurately perceive disease from others' appearances and behaviors. However, much of that research has examined diseases with relatively obvious symptoms (e.g., scars, obesity, blemishes, sneezing). Here, we examined whether people similarly detect diseases that do not exhibit such visible physical cues (i.e., sexually transmitted diseases). We found that people could indeed identify individuals infected with sexually transmitted diseases significantly better than chance from photos of their faces...
October 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Marija Dokmanovic, Jelena Ivanovic, Jelena Janjic, Marija Boskovic, Milica Laudanovic, Srdjan Pantic, Milan Z Baltic
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of lairage time (short vs. long), behavior (aggressive vs. non-aggressive) and gender (gilts, barrows and boars) on stress and meat quality parameters in pigs (n = 100). In the group with short lairage, aggressive behavior of gilts and boars was observed. At exsanguination, blood samples were collected and levels of blood lactate and plasma cortisol were determined. Post mortem pH value, temperature, drip loss, sensory and instrumental color and meat quality class were determined on the muscle Longissimus dorsi...
June 27, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Chao Xu, Huan Chen, Mark L Gleason, Jin-Rong Xu, Huiquan Liu, Rong Zhang, Guangyu Sun
Sooty blotch and flyspeck (SBFS) fungi are unconventional plant pathogens that cause economic losses by blemishing the surface appearance of infected fruit. Here, we introduce the 18.14-Mb genome of Peltaster fructicola, one of the most prevalent SBFS species on apple. This undersized assembly contains only 8,334 predicted protein-coding genes and a very small repertoire of repetitive elements. Phylogenomics and comparative genomics revealed that P. fructicola had undergone a reductive evolution, during which the numbers of orphan genes and genes involved in plant cell wall degradation, secondary metabolism, and secreted peptidases and effectors were drastically reduced...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jing Gao, Qi Wang, Shaoxiang Xian, Yue-mei Feng, Wei-xin Cao, Jing-yun Ye, Qing-qing Zhang, Cai-lian Zou, Qing-guang Wu, Si-jun Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of moxibustion on alleviating menstrual pain and relieving the symptoms of dysmenorrhea in a cohort of young nursing students in China. METHODS: A randomized double blind clinical trial of crossover design was used. In the two-phase study, a total of 56 nursing students with menstrual pain in Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine in China was randomly allocated into two groups. In the first treatment phase, the participants in Group A (n=28) received moxibustion therapy from five days before the menstrual period to the onset through a specific heating box in which burning moxa stick was fixed, the participants in Group B (n=28) received the same heating box but with a paper-wrapped stick incense fixed inside (placebo therapy) during the same intervention period...
December 2015: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
María Soledad Zegpi-Trueba, Paula Hasbún-Acuña, Daniela Berroeta-Mauriziano
INTRODUCTION: Mastocytosis represents a group of diseases characterised by an excesive accumulation of mastocytes in one or multiple tissues. It can affect only the skin, or have a systemic involvement. It has a low prevalence, and the prognosis is benign in children. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of urticaria pigmentosa as a subtype of cutaneous mastocytosis, and present a literature review focused on clinical findings, diagnosis and initial basic management. CLINICAL CASE: A child of six months of age presenting with multiple blemishes and light brown papules located on the trunk, arms and legs...
May 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Rose Gallacher
Individuals at increased risk of stigmatisation include those with particular physical traits or perceived character 'blemishes'.
September 9, 2015: Nursing Standard
Yangqing Pei, Pan Wang, Hongchun Liu, Fucheng He, Liang Ming
BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is an aggressive tumor with rapid progression, high recurrence and metastasis rate. Besides, the 5-year survival rate of ESCC remains dismal despite improvements in treatments having developed a lot. That is because the cellular basis of ESCC has not yet been fully understood. Forkhead box family membranes possess various kinds of properties as they mediate apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, autophagy, senescence and so on. Foxhead box Q1 (FOXQ1), which has a major impact on several kinds of tumor forming and metastasis, while whether it triggers ESCC remains largely obscure...
August 2015: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
M S Kiran Kumar Yekula, Anudeep Yekula
INTRODUCTION: Sacrococcygeal Teratoma (SCT) is a rare benign neoplasm comprised of mixed elements derived from two or more germ cell layers. They are extremely rare in adults. They attract attention because of their gross appearance and bizarre histology. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 25 year old male presented to Surgical OPD, Government General Hospital, Guntur Medical College, Guntur with a large mass comprising a partially developed 3rd leg and rudimentary external genitalia in the lower back...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Nicole Fichter, Rudolf F Guthoff
Purpose. To evaluate the effect of en bloc lateral wall decompression with additional orbital fat resection in terms of exophthalmos reduction and complications. Methods. A retrospective, noncomparative case series study from 1999 to 2011 (chart review) in Graves' orbitopathy (GO) patients. The standardized surgical technique involved removal of the lateral orbital wall including the orbital rim via a lid crease approach combined with additional orbital fat resection. Exophthalmos, diplopia, retrobulbar pressure sensation, and complications were analyzed pre- and postoperatively...
2015: International Journal of Endocrinology
Kasturi Bhattacharjee, Manpreet Singh, Harsha Bhattacharjee
Two patients with congenital divided nevi of the eyelids presented with chief symptoms of cosmetic blemish (n=2) and epiphora (n=1). All the lesions were surgically excised with histological free margins and amniotic membrane graft (AMG) was used to cover the mucosal and eyelid marginal defects. Caruncular and punctal involvement was managed with complete excision and monocanalicular stent insertion to prevent punctal stenosis. AMG provided an adequate scaffold for conjunctival regenesis and anatomic continuity was found within 6 weeks in both patients...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
Frank Surup, Ajda Medjedović, Hans-Josef Schroers, Marc Stadler
A multitude of sooty blotch and flyspeck fungi, mainly belonging to the Ascomycetes order Capnodiales, causes dark blemishes and flyspeck-like spots on apples worldwide. Different sooty blotch and flyspeck fungi can coexist in the same orchard and even on a single fruit. Our preceding experiments revealed an activity of Microcyclospora malicola strain 1930 against the anthracnose fungus Colletotrichum fioriniae in dual culture assays. Extracts of M. malicola strain 1930 showed a broad bioactivity against filamentous fungus Mucor hiemalis and gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis...
October 2015: Planta Medica
K A Murphy, T R Unruh, L M Zhou, F G Zalom, P W Shearer, E H Beers, V M Walton, B Miller, J C Chiu
Drosophila suzukii (Spotted Wing Drosophila) has recently become a serious invasive pest of fruit crops in the USA, Canada, and Europe, leading to substantial economic losses. D. suzukii is a direct pest, ovipositing directly into ripe or ripening fruits; in contrast, other Drosophilids utilize decaying or blemished fruits and are nuisance pests at worst. Immature stages of D. suzukii are difficult to differentiate from other Drosophilids, posing problems for research and for meeting quarantine restrictions designed to prevent the spread of this pest in fruit exports...
June 2015: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Marija Dokmanovic, Milan Z Baltic, Jelena Duric, Jelena Ivanovic, Ljuba Popovic, Milica Todorovic, Radmila Markovic, Srdan Pantic
Relationships among different stress parameters (lairage time and blood level of lactate and cortisol), meat quality parameters (initial and ultimate pH value, temperature, drip loss, sensory and instrumental colour, marbling) and carcass quality parameters (degree of rigor mortis and skin damages, hot carcass weight, carcass fat thickness, meatiness) were determined in pigs (n = 100) using Pearson correlations. After longer lairage, blood lactate (p<0.05) and degree of injuries (p<0.001) increased, meat became darker (p<0...
March 2015: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Thomas Debener, David H Byrne
The cultivated rose is a multispecies complex for which a high level of disease protection is needed due to the low tolerance of blemishes in ornamental plants. The most important fungal diseases are black spot, powdery mildew, botrytis and downy mildew. Rose rosette, a lethal viral pathogen, is emerging as a devastating disease in North America. Currently rose breeders use a recurrent phenotypic selection approach and perform selection for disease resistance for most pathogen issues in a 2-3 year field trial...
November 2014: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Céline Couteau, Eva Paparis, Laurence J M Coiffard
BB creams appeared on the market quite recently. These creams, which give a perfect complexion by covering up the skin's blemishes, have a photoprotective effect in the majority of cases. An SPF value ranging from 10 to 45 concerning the products we tested is displayed on the packaging. The 21 commercially-available BB creams were tested to assess their efficacy (determination of the SPF) and their photostability (determination of their efficacy after UV irradiation). It was shown that 70% of the products tested have an SPF determined in vitro by us which matches the SPF displayed on the product...
2016: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
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