keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

whitening

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340297/acetic-acid-guided-biopsies-in-barrett-s-surveillance-for-neoplasia-detection-versus-non-targeted-biopsies-seattle-protocol-a-feasibility-study-for-a-randomized-tandem-endoscopy-trial-the-abba-study
#1
Fergus Chedgy, Carole Fogg, Kesavan Kandiah, Hugh Barr, Bernard Higgins, Mimi McCord, Ann Dewey, John De Caestecker, Lisa Gadeke, Clive Stokes, David Poller, Gaius Longcroft-Wheaton, Pradeep Bhandari
Background and study aims : Barrett's esophagus is a potentially pre-cancerous condition, affecting 375,000 people in the UK. Patients receive a 2-yearly endoscopy to detect cancerous changes, as early detection and treatment results in better outcomes. Current treatment requires random mapping biopsies along the length of Barrett's, in addition to biopsy of visible abnormalities. As only 13 % of pre-cancerous changes appear as visible nodules or abnormalities, areas of dysplasia are often missed...
January 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334434/the-case-for-stabilized-stannous-fluoride-dentifrice-an-advanced-formulation-designed-for-patient-preference
#2
Tao He, Svetlana Farrell
Oral diseases, particularly caries and gingivitis, continue to be widespread. Incorporating a stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice into patients' daily oral hygiene routine is a convenient, cost effective approach to improve and protect their oral health and the appearance of their smile. Unlike other common fluorides that only provide anti-caries benefits (e.g., sodium fluoride and sodium monofluorophosphate), stabilized stannous fluoride formulations have demonstrated broader and significantly greater protection, also reducing plaque, gingivitis, erosion, sensitivity, and halitosis...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333058/acquisition-of-a-socially-learned-tool-use-sequence-in-chimpanzees-implications-for-cumulative-culture
#3
Gillian L Vale, Sarah J Davis, Susan P Lambeth, Steven J Schapiro, Andrew Whiten
Cumulative culture underpins humanity's enormous success as a species. Claims that other animals are incapable of cultural ratcheting are prevalent, but are founded on just a handful of empirical studies. Whether cumulative culture is unique to humans thus remains a controversial and understudied question that has far-reaching implications for our understanding of the evolution of this phenomenon. We investigated whether one of human's two closest living primate relatives, chimpanzees, are capable of a degree of cultural ratcheting by exposing captive populations to a novel juice extraction task...
September 2017: Evolution and Human Behavior: Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332193/melanogenesis-inhibitory-activity-of-components-from-salam-leaf-syzygium-polyanthum-extract
#4
Andriyana Setyawati, Kae Hirabayashi, Kosei Yamauchi, Hiroyuki Hattori, Tohru Mitsunaga, Irmanida Batubara, Rudi Heryanto, Hiroshi Hashimoto, Mitsuyuki Hotta
In order to identify a novel whitening agent, the methanol extract of S. polyanthum leaf was focused on by the screening test using nine Indonesian medicinal plants for the inhibition of melanogenesis and tyrosinase activity in B16 melanoma cells. Three novel compounds [(1) 1-(2,3,5-trihydroxy-4-methylphenyl)hexane-1-one, (2) 1-(2,3,5-trihydroxy methylphenyl)octane-1-one, and (3) (4E)-1-(2,3,5-trihydroxy-4-methylphenyl)decan-1-one and one known compound [(4) 1-(2,3,5-trihydroxy-4-methylphenyl)decan-1-one were isolated from the methanol extract...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329871/isolation-of-proanthocyanidins-from-red-wine-and-their-inhibitory-effects-on-melanin-synthesis-in-vitro
#5
Takahiro Fujimaki, Shoko Mori, Manabu Horikawa, Yuko Fukui
The red wines made from Vitis vinifera were identified as skin-whitening effectors by using in vitro assays. OPCs in the wine were evaluated for tyrosinase activity and melanogenesis. Strong tyrosinase inhibitory activity was observed in fractions with high oligomeric proanthocyanidin (OPC) content. Among OPC dimers, a strong inhibitory effect on tyrosinase was observed with OPCs which contain (+)-catechin as an upper unit. Melanogenesis inhibitory effect was observed with OPCs which have (-)-epicatechin as upper units...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326518/toothpaste-use-protocol-with-dental-bleaching-for-a-conservative-treatment-case-reports
#6
Waldemir F Vieira-Junior, Thayla H N Gouveia, Bruna G Silva, Vanessa C P S Bueno, Flávio H B Aguiar, Débora A N L Lima
In-office bleaching is a treatment based on products that contain hydrogen peroxide (HP) while demonstrating whitening effectiveness. HP could promote alterations to surface morphologies and properties of dental tissues. The objective was describe a toothpaste protocol associated to bleaching therapy to promote a safer approach. Patient 1 (male) and Patient 2 (female) were attended, and toothbrushing (twice a day) with a dentifrice containing bioactive glass (BG) (NovaMin™) and fluoride was indicated before and during the treatment...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325003/reversible-colour-change-in-leaves-enhances-pollinator-attraction-and-reproductive-success-in-saururus-chinensis-saururaceae
#7
Bo Song, Jürg Stöcklin, W Scott Armbruster, Yongqian Gao, Deli Peng, Hang Sun
Background and Aims: Although there has been much experimental work on leaf colour change associated with selection generated by abiotic environmental factors and antagonists, the role of leaf colour change in pollinator attraction has been largely ignored. We tested whether whitening of the apical leaves subtending the inflorescences of Saururus chinensis during flowering enhances pollinator attraction, and whether re-greening of the white leaves after flowering increases carbon assimilation and promotes seed development...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316744/anti-pigmentation-effect-of-phellinus-linteus-fermented-eight-traditional-crude-herbalextracts-in-brown-guinea-pigsof-ultraviolet-b-uvb-induced-hyperpigmentation
#8
Hee-Young Ahn, Young-Moo Choo, Young-Su Cho
We have previously found that mycelia culture broth of eight kinds of traditional herbal extracts fermented with Phellinus linteus (previously named as 8-HsPLCB) not only inhibited melanin and tyrosinase activity, but also reduced the contents of melanogenesis-related proteins including tyrosinase and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) in 3- isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX)-stimulated B16F0 melanoma cells. For a further study, the effect of 8-HsPLCB against skin pigmentation in brown guinea pigs of ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced hyperpigmentation was investigated...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311485/evaluation-of-antimelanogenic-activity-and-mechanism-of-galangin-in-silico-and-in-vivo
#9
Ki Wung Chung, Hyeong Oh Jeong, Eun Kyeong Lee, Su Jeong Kim, Pusoon Chun, Hae Young Chung, Hyung Ryong Moon
Abnormal pigmentation owing to excessive melanin synthesis can result in serious problems such as freckles, age-spots, and melanoma. Tyrosinase inhibitors have been an interesting target for the treatment of hyperpigmentation because tyrosinase is the rate-limiting enzyme in melanin synthesis. The screening for strong tyrosinase inhibitors led to the finding of the flavonoid galangin, which showed notable inhibitory effects on mushroom tyrosinase. The IC50 value of galangin (3.55±0.39 µM) was lower than that of kojic acid (48...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306418/seed-mediated-growth-of-au-ag-core-shell-nanorods-for-the-detection-of-ellagic-acid-in-whitening-cosmetics
#10
Yi Wang, Yang Zeng, Wensheng Fu, Pu Zhang, Ling Li, Cuiying Ye, Lan Yu, Xiaochun Zhu, Song Zhao
Seed-mediated growth has been employed as a simple and powerful means to the shape-controlled synthesis of metal nanocrystals. In this work, we apply the principle of seed-mediated growth in analytical chemistry, and achieve improved sensitivity due to the low energy barrier in the target-induced formation of bimetallic nanoparticles with core-shell structure. As a result, a simple, reliable, highly sensitive and selective method for the detection of ellagic acid (EA), a naturally occurring polyphenolic antioxidant, has been developed...
March 9, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304422/bleaching-and-enamel-surface-interactions-resulting-from-the-use-of-highly-concentrated-bleaching-gels
#11
Guillermo Grazioli, Lisia Lorea Valente, Cristina Pereira Isolan, Helena Alves Pinheiro, Camila Gonçalves Duarte, Eliseu Aldrighi Münchow
Tooth bleaching is considered a non-invasive treatment, although the use of highly-concentrated products may provoke increased surface roughness and enamel demineralization, as well as postoperative sensitivity. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) concentration would affect tooth bleaching effectiveness and the enamel surface properties. Enamel/dentin bovine specimens (6 × 4 mm) were immersed in coffee solution for 7 days and evaluated with a spectrophotometer (Easyshade; baseline), using the CIEL*a*b* color parameters...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302212/ethyl-linoleate-inhibits-%C3%AE-msh-induced-melanogenesis-through-akt-gsk3%C3%AE-%C3%AE-catenin-signal-pathway
#12
Gyeong-A Ko, Somi Kim Cho
Ethyl linoleate is an unsaturated fatty acid used in many cosmetics for its various attributes, such as antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and clinically proven to be an effective anti-acne agent. In this study, we investigated the effect of ethyl linoleate on the melanogenesis and the mechanism underlying its action on melanogenesis in B16F10 murine melanoma cells. Our results revealed that ethyl linoleate significantly inhibited melanin content and intracellular tyrosinase activity in α-MSH-induced B16F10 cells, but it did not directly inhibit activity of mushroom tyrosinase...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297139/comparative-evaluation-of-image-quality-among-different-detector-configurations-using-area-detector-computed-tomography
#13
Yohei Miura, Katsuhiro Ichikawa, Ichiro Fujimura, Takanori Hara, Takashi Hoshino, Shinji Niwa, Masao Funahashi
The 320-detector row computed tomography (CT) system, i.e., the area detector CT (ADCT), can perform helical scanning with detector configurations of 4-, 16-, 32-, 64-, 80-, 100-, and 160-detector rows for routine CT examinations. This phantom study aimed to compare the quality of images obtained using helical scan mode with different detector configurations. The image quality was measured using modulation transfer function (MTF) and noise power spectrum (NPS). The system performance function (SP), based on the pre-whitening theorem, was calculated as MTF2/NPS, and compared between configurations...
January 2, 2018: Radiological Physics and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296113/effect-of-different-types-of-toothpaste-on-the-frictional-resistance-between-orthodontic-stainless-steel-brackets-and-wires
#14
Tahereh Hosseinzadeh Nik, Tabassom Hooshmand, Homa Farhadifard
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different types of toothpaste on the frictional resistance between stainless steel brackets and archwires. Materials and Methods: Ninety stainless steel orthodontic brackets with stainless steel wires were bonded to bovine teeth and were divided into 6 groups for application of the following toothpastes: Colgate® Total® Advanced Whitening, Colgate® Total® Pro Gum Health, Colgate® Anticavity, Ortho...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289725/in-office-dental-bleaching-with-light-vs-without-light-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Bianca Medeiros Maran, Adrieli Burey, Thalita de Paris Matos, Alessandro D Loguercio, Alessandra Reis
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to answer the following research question: Does light-activated in-office vital bleaching have a greater whitening efficacy and higher tooth sensitivity (TS) in comparison with in-office vital bleaching without light when used in adults? DATA AND SOURCE: Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) involving adults who had in-office bleaching with and without light activation were included. Controlled vocabulary and keywords were used in a comprehensive search for titles and abstracts in PubMed, and this search was adapted for Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and SIGLE without restrictions in May 2016 and was updated in August 2017...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285853/development-and-validation-of-a-new-condition-specific-instrument-for-evaluation-of-smile-esthetics-related-quality-of-life
#16
Ema Saltovic, Vlatka Lajnert, Sabina Saltovic, Daniela Kovacevic Pavicic, Andrej Pavlic, Stjepan Spalj
OBJECTIVE: Orofacial esthetics raises psychosocial issues. The purpose was to create and validate new short instrument for psychosocial impacts of altered smile esthetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A team of an orthodontist, two prosthodontists, psychologist, and a dental student generated items that could draw up specific hypothetical psychosocial dimensions (69 items initially, 39 in final analysis). The sample consisted of 261 Caucasian subjects attending local high schools and university (26% male) aged 14 to 28 years that have self-administrated the designed questionnaire...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283688/efficacy-of-protein-extracts-from-medium-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-via-microneedles-on-asian-skin
#17
Xi Wang, Xiaohong Shu, Wei Huo, Lin Zou, Li Li
OBJECTIVES: To explore efficacy of protein extracts from medium of Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) via microneedles on Asian skin in a double-blind, split-face, randomized, control study. METHODS: Thirty volunteers received the treatment, left-side and right-side of their face were randomly assigned to test side and control side. The protein extracts from medium of ADSCs were applied via microneedles into the test side and ultrapure water was applied into the control side...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279667/shade-changing-effectiveness-of-plasdone-and-blue-covarine-based-whitening-toothpaste-on-teeth-stained-with-chlorhexidine-and-black-tea
#18
Vania Bergesch, Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar, Cecilia Pedroso Turssi, Fabiana Mantovani Gomes França, Roberta Tarkany Basting, Flávia Lucisano Botelho Amaral
Objective: This study evaluated the effectiveness of toothbrushing with whitening toothpaste in altering the shade of stained human enamel. Materials and Methods: Thirty fragments of human enamel, stained with chlorhexidine/black tea underwent 1000 and 5000 brushing cycles (BC) with (n = 10): PLS (Gel Dental Day, Bitufo), Close Up White Now, Unilever (COVB) and regular (Gel Dental Night, Bitufo) toothpaste. Images were taken before staining (baseline), after staining (STN) and following 1000 and 5000 BC and were analyzed using the CIELAB parameters (ΔE, Δb and ΔL)...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279666/the-effect-of-toothpastes-with-bleaching-agents-on-the-force-decay-of-elastomeric-orthodontic-chains
#19
Mohammad Behnaz, Kazem Dalaie, Sepanta Hosseinpour, Fatemeh Namvar, Leila Kazemi
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of agents available in whitening toothpastes (Crest® and Sensodyne®) in vitro on the force decay of elastomeric chains used in orthodontics. Materials and Methods: A total of 300 specimens of elastomeric chains were divided into five groups (n = 60) and were evaluated. These groups included (1) the regular Crest® toothpaste and distilled water solution, (2) whitening Crest® toothpaste and distilled water solution, (3) regular Sensodyne® toothpaste and distilled water solution, (4) whitening Sensodyne® toothpaste and distilled water solution, and (5) distilled water as a control group...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273963/transglycosylation-of-gallic-acid-by-using-leuconostoc-glucansucrase-and-its-characterization-as-a-functional-cosmetic-agent
#20
Seung-Hee Nam, Jeongjin Park, Woojin Jun, Doman Kim, Jin-A Ko, A M Abd El-Aty, Jin Young Choi, Do-Ik Kim, Kwang-Yeol Yang
Gallic acid glycoside was enzymatically synthesized by using dextransucrase and sucrose from gallic acid. After purification by butanol partitioning and preparative HPLC, gallic acid glucoside was detected at m/z 355 (C13, H16, O10, Na)+ by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The yield of gallic acid glucoside was found to be 35.7% (114 mM) by response surface methodology using a reaction mixture of 319 mM gallic acid, 355 mM sucrose, and 930 mU/mL dextransucrase...
December 22, 2017: AMB Express
keyword
keyword
36781
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"