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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737282/discrimination-gender-and-self-reported-aesthetic-problems-among-brazilian-adults
#1
Alexandre Baumgarten, João Luiz Bastos, Ramona Fernanda Ceriotti Toassi, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Fernando Neves Hugo, Roger Keller Celeste
OBJECTIVES: To explore factors associated with discrimination in healthcare services and to assess whether discrimination based on dental aesthetics differs by sex. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis based on a household survey carried out in a city in Southern Brazil. Fifteen primary health care (PHC) units with a dental team were randomly selected, and individuals who used the public services in the catchment areas of the PHC units were interviewed. The survey questionnaire included experiences with discrimination related to health services, sociodemographic and dental characteristics...
July 24, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735465/approximal-morphology-as-predictor-of-approximal-caries-in-primary-molar-teeth
#2
A Cortes, S Martignon, V Qvist, Kim Rud Ekstrand
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive power of the morphology of the distal surface on 1st and mesial surface on 2nd primary molar teeth on caries development in young children. SAMPLE AND METHODS: Out of 101 3-to 4-year-old children from an on-going study, 62 children, for whom parents' informed consent was given, participated. Upper and lower molar teeth of one randomly selected side received a 2-day temporarily separation. Bitewing radiographs and silicone impressions of interproximal area (IPA) were obtained...
July 22, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731215/hypophosphatasia-in-adults-clinical-assessment-and-treatment-considerations
#3
Jay R Shapiro, E Michael Lewiecki
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare inherited disorder of bone affecting approximately 500-600 known individuals in the US. HPP is due to mutations involving the gene for tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase. Five clinical types of HPP are recognized. The clinical presentation of HPP varies from devastating prenatal intrauterine disease to mild manifestations in adulthood. In adults, main clinical involvement includes early loss of primary or secondary teeth, osteoporosis, bone pain, chondrocalcinosis, and fractures...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729805/dental-treatment-considerations-for-a-pediatric-patient-with-incontinentia-pigmenti-bloch-sulzberger-syndrome
#4
Amy Yi-Ling Chen, Kevin Chen
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a uncommon gene disorder, heritage with X-linked dominant mode. IP patients have a characteristic dentition varying from marked hypodontia to delayed eruption and conical crowns on both dentitions. A 5½-year-old girl, whose mother and younger sister were also diagnosed with IP, has the whirling-like pigmented skin lesion over her trunk and four extremities. Four primary teeth and multiple permanent tooth germs were found to be congenital missing. Dental considerations of further treatment were discussed with her parents including the preservation of primary molars, possible interim prosthesis in mixed or permanent dentition, full mouth rehabilitation with orthodontic and prosthodontic combined treatment, and implant therapy in adulthood...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729799/evaluation-of-knowledge-among-general-dentists-in-treatment-of-traumatic-injuries-in-primary-teeth-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#5
Dhanalakshmi Ravikumar, Ganesh Jeevanandan, E M G Subramanian
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to assess the knowledge of General dentist regarding the management of dental traumatic injuries of primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 general dentists were selected and a validated questionnaire was distributed among the dentist to assess their knowledge on treatment strategies regarding traumatized primary teeth. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data were entered into SPSS version 20...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729119/effect-of-restorations-using-a-flowable-resin-composite-in-non-carious-cervical-lesions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Anna Szesz, Sibelli Parreiras, Eveline Martini, Alessandra Reis, Alessandro Loguercio
OBJECTIVES: To answer the following PICO question (participant, intervention, comparator and outcome): Does flowable resin composite restorations compared with regular resin composites improve the marginal adaptation, marginal discoloration and retention rates of restorations placed in non-carious cervical lesions [NCCLs] of adults?, through a systematic review and meta-analysis. SOURCE: MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library and SIGLE were searched without restrictions, as well as the abstracts of the IADR, clinical trials registries, dissertations and theses in May 2016 (updated in April 2017)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728965/survival-analysis-of-metal-crowns-versus-restorations-in-primary-mandibular-molars
#7
Gerardo Maupomé, Juan F Yepes, Madison Galloway, Qing Tang, George J Eckert, Timothy Downey, LaQuia Vinson
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of stainless steel crowns (SSCs) versus direct restorations when placed in primary mandibular molars (teeth nos. L and S) is uncertain. The authors evaluated effectiveness by gauging longevity of treatment. METHODS: The authors obtained private dental insurance claims (2004-2016) from a national dental data warehouse. Paid insurance claims records (n = 1,323,489) included type of treating dentist, treatment placed, and patient age...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724862/clinical-and-radiographic-success-of-electrosurgical-pulpectomy-in-primary-teeth
#8
Rasoul Sahebalam, Alireza Sarraf, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Maryam Jouybari-Moghaddam, Samane Seyed-Musavi
A pulpectomy requires the swift extraction of the inflamed tissue. Moreover, the speed of treatment is especially important in the case of uncooperative children. Conventional pulpectomies, however, often require an extended treatment period, which can therefore cause problems with such patients. Electrosurgical methods have been applied to pulpotomies for a number of years. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies to date have assessed its application to pulpectomies. The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiographic success rates over a 6-month follow-up period between conventional and electrosurgical pulpectomies...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722004/oral-gingival-metastasis-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#9
Nalini Aswath, Chandrakanth Balakrishnan, Vidyarani Shyamsundar, Sarumathi Thirrugnanamurthy
Oral cavity is a rare target for metastasis with an incidence of 1% among all oral cancers. In 24% of such cases, oral metastasis is the first indication of an undiagnosed primary. Metastatic oral malignancies have been reported in the mandible, tongue, and gingiva. Although gingival metastasis has been reported from lung, prostate, rectal carcinoma in men and carcinoma of breast, adrenal glands, and genitalia in females, gingival metastasis from carcinoma of the penis has not been reported. Herein, a case of metastatic gingival carcinoma that developed after extraction of teeth from primary carcinoma of the penis is presented...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714534/adjustable-thermoplastic-oral-appliance-versus-positive-airway-pressure-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
Wish Banhiran, Paraya Assanasen, Cherdchai Nopmaneejumrudlers, Nongyoaw Nujchanart, Wimontip Srechareon, Cheerasook Chongkolwatana, Choakchai Metheetrairut
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare outcomes of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and the adjustable thermoplastic mandibular advancement splint (AT-MAS) for obstructive sleep apnea treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover, noninferiority, tertiary center setting. METHODS: Fifty patients with a mean age of 49.5 ± 10.6 years were enrolled. Inclusion criteria were age ≥18 years, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥5 events/hour, and oxygen saturation ≥70%...
July 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713085/-the-dependence-of-the-marginal-adaptation-of-composite-fillings-in-caries-cavities-of-class-ii-by-black-on-the-state-of-oral-hygiene-and-intensity-of-caries
#11
Елена В Павленкова, Ирина М Ткаченко, Алла И Сидорова, Светлана А Павленко
INTRODUCTION: The problem of treatment of dental caries by fillings in dentistry is the key point in dentistry. Thus the main issue is the long-term functioning of the restorations. Particularly acute, this problem in the reduction of cavities class II according to Black, where the pressure on the filling is sufficiently high. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was examined and treated 87 patients with different levels of oral hygiene of oral cavity and caries of varying intensity and whom 186 defects of hard tissues of teeth class II Black were fitted...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707233/inflammatory-follicular-cysts-associated-to-necrotic-primary-teeth
#12
N P Marques, N C T Marques, V T Sakai, J A C Hanemann
BACKGROUND: Cysts are pathological cavities lined by epithelium and supported by connective tissue, containing fluid or semi-fluid substances and presenting developmental or inflammatory origins. CASE REPORT: This study aimed to evaluate a case series of inflammatory follicular cysts in children to clarify their nomenclature, diagnosis, clinical implications and treatment outcomes. Prevalence, aetio-pathogenesis, clinical, radiographic and microscopic findings, treatments and sequelae of this condition were assessed by using the records of patients treated between 2000 and 2015...
July 13, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705122/the-effect-of-using-mobile-applications-for-improving-oral-hygiene-in-patients-with-orthodontic-fixed-appliances-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Omar H Alkadhi, Mohammed N Zahid, Read S Almanea, Husam K Althaqeb, Turki H Alharbi, Nancy M Ajwa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of using mobile applications active reminders to improve oral hygiene in comparison to verbal oral hygiene instructions. DESIGN: Two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: orthodontic clinics at two branches of a university hospitals of the college of dentistry of Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four 12-year-old and older subjects...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701634/mitochondria-regulate-the-differentiation-of-stem-cells-from-human-exfoliated-deciduous-teeth
#14
Hiroki Kato, Thanh Thi Mai Pham, Haruyoshi Yamaza, Keiji Masuda, Yuta Hirofuji, Xu Han, Hiroshi Sato, Tomoaki Taguchi, Kazuaki Nonaka
Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) are isolated from the dental pulp tissue of primary teeth and can differentiate into neuronal cells. Although SHED are a desirable type of stem cells for transplantation therapy and for the study of neurological diseases, a large part of the neuronal differentiation machinery of SHED remains unclear. Recent studies have suggested that mitochondrial activity is involved in the differentiation of stem cells. In the present work, we investigated the neuronal differentiation machinery of SHED by focusing on mitochondrial activity...
July 11, 2017: Cell Structure and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698331/efficacy-of-conventional-treatment-with-composite-resin-and-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-in-posterior-primary-teeth-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Nathalia Miranda Ladewig, Cíntia Saori Sahiara, Laysa Yoshioka, Isabel Cristina Olegário, Isabela Floriano, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Mariana Minatel Braga, Daniela Procida Raggio
INTRODUCTION: Despite the widespread acceptance of conventional treatment using composite resin in primary teeth, there is limited evidence that this approach is the best option in paediatric clinics. Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) using high-viscosity glass ionomer cement has gradually become more popular because it performs well in clinical studies, is easy to handle and is patient friendly. Therefore, the aim of this randomised clinical trial study is to compare the restoration longevity of conventional treatment using composite resin with that of ART in posterior primary teeth...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698305/periodontitis-a-global-disease-and-the-primary-care-provider-s-role
#16
REVIEW
Martin S Lipsky, Keith Trevor Paskett, Andrew Jacob Gross, Val Joseph Cheever
Individuals who regularly visit a primary care provider (PCP) may not see a dentist, creating opportunities for PCPs to improve oral health. However, a lack of expertise among PCPs may limit their impact to improve public oral health. Using a non-systematic literature review, this article summarises the relevant literature about periodontitis. Periodontitis affects 10% to -15% of the world's population. Caused by bacterial inflammation in gingival pockets, periodontal disease can destroy tissues surrounding the teeth...
July 11, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691744/dentists-attitudes-towards-acute-pharmacological-pain-management-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Henrik Berlin, Thomas List, Karin Ridell, Gunilla Klingberg
AIM: This study aimed to investigate Swedish dentists' attitudes regarding pain management strategies for treating children and adolescents. It assessed recommendations for pre- and postoperative analgesics, and use of local anaesthesia, and whether application of these strategies differs between general dental practitioners (GDPs) and specialists in paediatric dentistry (SPDs). DESIGN: We invited all GDPs (n = 807) in southern Sweden (Region Skåne), and all registered SPDs (n = 122) working in Sweden (929 actively practising dentists under age 65 years) to participate in a postal survey on pain management in paediatric dental care...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691460/the-%C3%A2-elfin-face%C3%A2-craniofacial-and-dental-aspects-of-the-williams-beuren-syndrome
#18
V Maurino, L Azzi, R Vinci, F Croveri, A Boggio, J Silvestre-Rangil, L Tettamanti, A Tagliabue
Williams Syndrome is a rare congenital disorder characterized by supravalvular aortic stenosis, peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis, mental retard and dysmorfic facial features. As regards the dental aspects of the syndrome, the deletion of the elastin gene induced clinicians to suspect periodontal alterations with a greater frequency of gingivo-periodontitis, but on the contrary no association between the syndrome and periodontal diseases have been found. Furthermore, patients show a higher frequency of teeth hypoplasia, an abnormal tooth morphology during primary dentition (12...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691235/outcomes-of-the-conventional-and-biological-treatment-approaches-for-the-management-of-caries-in-the-primary-dentition
#19
Alaa BaniHani, Monty Duggal, Jack Toumba, Chris Deery
BACKGROUND: In the last few years, conventional restorations including complete removal of carious tissue (CT) with or without pulp therapy for the treatment of carious lesions (CL) in primary teeth have been challenged and a more biological approach has been suggested. This approach involves the use of less invasive techniques which alter the environment of the CL isolating it from the cariogenic biofilm and substrate. Two of these treatment approaches that are becoming increasingly widely accepted and used in paediatric dentistry are the Hall Technique and indirect pulp capping (IPC)...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688180/effect-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-sdf-on-the-dentin-pulp-complex-ex-vivo-histological-analysis-on-human-primary-teeth-and-rat-molars
#20
Glenda Rossi, Aldo Squassi, Patricia Mandalunis, Andrea Kaplan
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of SDF on the dentin-pulp complex using two models: teeth after SDF application (ex vivo) and experimental animal molars. A descriptive study was performed using two models. In the first model, primary teeth (ex vivo) with enamel-dentin caries, without pulp involvement and previously treated with 38% SDF, were evaluated by means of two techniques: (a) Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray detector (EDS) to determine qualitative and quantitative composition, and (b) brightfield optical microscopy (OM) after decalcification...
April 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
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