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primary teeth

Laura Burgueño Torres, María Rosa Mourelle Martínez, Montserrat Diéguez Pérez, Joaquín M de Nova García
AIM: To analyse differences in the eruption of primary teeth between both sexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a sample of 1250 children aged between 3 and 42 months. The clinical emergence of teeth was taken to estimate average ages for primary teeth eruption. The t-test was used to analyse gender and arch differences. RESULTS: Eruption of primary teeth began at the same time in girls as in boys; although the eruptive process was longer in girls...
March 14, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Prasad K Musale, Sneha S Kothare, Abhishek S Soni
This narrative aims at reviewing the available literature for mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) pulpotomy to understand the procedure better and eventually improve the clinical and radiographic outcomes. An electronic search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane, ScienceDirect and ClinicalKey databases with the following keywords: MTA pulpotomy, clinical outcomes, radiographic outcomes, primary teeth. No specific inclusion or exclusion criteria were applied as to what articles would be included in this review. The time period for the search began from 2001 with respect to MTA pulpotomy...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
Zeev Ormianer, Jonathan Block, Shlomo Matalon, Jerry Kohen
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess whether long-term implant survival rates and bone loss in patients with moderately controlled type 2 diabetes is similar to the rates reported in the nondiabetic population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational study utilized patient medical records from a general practitioner's dental office. The records of patients who had moderately controlled type 2 diabetes with hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) up to 8% and glucose level below 150 mg/dL were reviewed, as patients with HbA1c up to 7% are considered to be well-controlled type 2 diabetes...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Thomas Hanser, Romain Doliveux
PURPOSE: The aim of this randomized prospective split-mouth clinical trial was to evaluate the outcome of bone block harvesting from the retromolar region using the MicroSaw and Piezosurgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients for extensive bilateral bone grafting procedures with or without concomitant implant placement in the maxilla and/or mandible were scheduled. In each patient, bone blocks were harvested in the retromolar area within the external oblique ridge of the mandible...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
K Hisano, K Tanaka, C Nagata, M Arakawa, Y Miyake
OBJECTIVE: We determined the prevalence of dental caries in 3-year-old Japanese children in a cross-sectional study and analysed its associations with birthweight, gestational age and birthweight for gestational age among the study subjects. METHODS: Study subjects were 6327 children. Their parents or guardians completed our study questionnaire with information on birth conditions and oral examinations taken from their Maternal and Child Health Handbooks, as documented by medical personnel at the hospital, clinic or public health centre...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Danica Popovik-Monevska, Suzana Bozovik-Dvojakovska, Vladimir Popovski, Alberto Benedetti, Aleksandar Grchev, Filip Koneski
BACKGROUND: The hyperparathyroidism (HPT) is a condition in which the parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in the blood are increased. HPT is categorised into primary, secondary and tertiary. A rare entity that occurs in the lower jaw in association with HPT is the so-called brown tumour, which an osteolytic lesion is predominantly occurring in the lower jaw. It is usually a manifestation of the late stage of the disease. Osteosclerotic changes in other bones are almost always associated with renal osteodystrophy in secondary HPT and are extremely rare in primary HPT...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Sven-Olav Pabel, Franziska Freitag, Valentina Hrasky, Antonia Zapf, Annette Wiegand
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of differential learning of toothbrushing compared to habitual toothbrushing and instruction/demonstration of toothbrushing on plaque reduction and gingival inflammation of primary school children. METHODS: Children (6-9 years) were subjected to a toothbrushing training consisting of 15 days (3 × 5 days, interval 2 days, 3 min/day) and randomly assigned to one of three groups (each n = 18): habitual toothbrushing/control, instruction/demonstration of toothbrushing, differential learning of toothbrushing...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Nada El Osta, Lana El Osta, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz, Robert Saad, Carole Abi-Ghosn, Martine Hennequin, Stephanie Tubert-Jeannin, Jihad Fakhouri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The percentage of Lebanese older people has increased considerably. Given that Lebanese seniors are marginalized in the health policy-making process, we suggest a high social inequality in oral health that has not been studied so far. The purpose of our study was to describe and compare oral health status in a group of Lebanese older people according to their socioeconomic status (SES) MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited from three different primary health care clinics in Beirut, Lebanon...
March 8, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Nicola Parkin, Susan Furness, Anwar Shah, Bikram Thind, Zoe Marshman, Gillian Glenroy, Fiona Dyer, Philip E Benson
BACKGROUND: The permanent canine tooth in the maxillary (upper) jaw sometimes does not erupt into the mouth correctly. In about 1% to 3% of the population these teeth will be diverted into the roof of the mouth (palatally). It has been suggested that if the primary canine is removed at the right time this palatal eruption might be avoided. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of extracting the primary maxillary canine on the eruption of the palatally ectopic maxillary permanent canine...
March 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Carine Weber Pires, Djessica Pedrotti, Tathiane Larissa Lenzi, Fabio Zovico Maxnuck Soares, Patricia Klarmann Ziegelmann, Rachel de Oliveira Rocha
This study aimed to compare the longevity of different conventional restorative materials placed in posterior primary teeth. This systematic review was conducted following the PRISMA statement and registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016035775). A comprehensive electronic search without date or language restrictions was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, Turning Research Into Practice (TRIP) and Clinical Trials databases up to January 2017, selecting randomized clinical trials that assessed the longevity of at least two different conventional restorative materials performed in primary molars...
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Maite Cevallos Mijan, Soraya Coelho Leal, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Jo E Frencken
PURPOSE: To determine whether the frequency of microleakage at the margin of the tooth-restoration interface in primary molars restored with high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement (HVGIC) differs from that of primary molars restored with amalgam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The HVGIC restorations were performed according to the ART method. A total of 19 naturally exfoliated primary molars (10 amalgam and 9 ART/HVGIC) with clinically assessed intact restorations fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
2018: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
C D Bergoli, L P Brondani, V F Wandscher, Gkr Pereira, M S Cenci, T Pereira-Cenci, L F Valandro
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective randomized multicenter clinical trial was to evaluate the survival rate of glass fiber-reinforced posts cemented with self-adhesive or regular resin cements. METHODS: The sample was comprised of 152 teeth randomized within two centers and in accordance with the adhesive strategies for RelyX U100/U200 (3M ESPE) or Single Bond and RelyX ARC (3M ESPE). The cementation procedures were standardized and performed by previously trained operators...
March 2018: Operative Dentistry
Madhu Wagle, Francesco D'Antonio, Eirik Reierth, Purusotam Basnet, Tordis A Trovik, Giovanna Orsini, Lamberto Manzoli, Ganesh Acharya
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the association between dental caries and preterm birth (PTB). The secondary objective was ascertaining the difference between women with dental caries who experienced PTB and those who did not with regard to decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT), and decayed, missing and filled surfaces (DMFS) indices. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane databases were searched initially in November 2015 and repeated in December 2016...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Open
Chaturi Neboda, Robert P Anthonappa, Nigel M King
AIM: To investigate the root canal morphology of hypomineralised second primary molars(HSPM) using micro-CT(μCT) compared with non-hypomineralised second primary molars (non-HSPM). METHODOLOGY: Ten HSPM and 10 non-HSPM were divided into Group 1(maxillary HSPM), Group 2 (mandibular HSPM), Group 3(maxillary non-HSPM), and Group 4 (mandibular non-HSPM). All teeth were scanned using μCT to assess the following parameters: (i) root canal configuration, (ii) pulp volumes, and (iii) the influence of the root canal system landmarks on access cavity outline forms and canal curvature...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Nitesh Tewari, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Neerja Singh, Subash Singh, Ramesh Kumar Pandey
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Traumatic dental injuries of primary-dentition (TDI-p) have a global prevalence of approximately 11-47%. They have immediate and long term effects. Original research analysing the long-term sequelae of TDI-p on permanent-dentition (LSP) are few in number. The aim of this study was to explore the correlation between age of TDI-p, type of TDI-p and LSP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patient-data from 2008-2017, reporting with LSP due to TDI-p was performed...
March 1, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Lee-Yee Chong, Jan E Clarkson, Lorna Dobbyn-Ross, Smriti Bhakta
BACKGROUND: Slow-release fluoride devices have been investigated as a potentially cost-effective method of reducing dental caries in people with high risk of disease. This is the second update of the Cochrane Review first published in 2006 and previously updated in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of different types of slow-release fluoride devices on preventing, arresting, or reversing the progression of carious lesions on all surface types of primary (deciduous) and permanent teeth...
March 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Manoj Kumar Sundar, Venkataraman Chelliah
Computer design software has become a primary tool for communication among the dentist, patient, and ceramist. Virtual smile design can be carried out using various software programs, most of which use assorted forms of teeth templates that are made based on the concept of "golden proportion." Despite current advances in 3-dimensional imaging and smile designing, many clinicians still employ conventional design methods and analog (ie, man-made) mock-ups in assessing and establishing esthetic makeovers...
March 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Amit Arora, Narendar Manohar, Dina Bedros, Anh Phong David Hua, Steven Yu Hsiang You, Victoria Blight, Shilpi Ajwani, John Eastwood, Sameer Bhole
Background: Dental decay in early childhood can be prevented by a model based on shared care utilising members of primary care team such as Child and Family Health Nurses (CFHNs) in health promotion and early intervention. The aims of this study were to identify the facilitators and barriers faced by CFHNs in recruiting research participants from disadvantaged backgrounds to a birth cohort study in South Western Sydney, Australia. Methods: Child and Family Health Nurses recruited mothers-infants dyads ( n  = 1036) at the first post-natal home visit as part of Healthy Smiles Healthy Kids Study, an ongoing birth cohort study in South Western Sydney...
2018: BMC Nursing
Eleanor Bowden, Conor Carroll, Mishaal Gill, Rodney Llewelyn
Regional odontodysplasia (RO) also known as ghost teeth is a rare developmental anomaly affecting the mesodermal and ectodermal components of teeth with characteristic clinical and radiographic findings. The enamel and dentin are hypomineralized and hypocalcified with short roots and open apices. The affected teeth have an abnormal morphology, meaning they are fragile and thin and liable to fracture and decay. Radiographically, there is a marked reduction in radiodensity with little distinction between the enamel and dentin, hence the term "ghost teeth...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Z Malik, M Alexiou, B Hallgrimsson, A N Economides, H U Luder, D Graf
Formation of highly organized dental hard tissues is a complex process involving sequential and ordered deposition of an extracellular scaffold, followed by its mineralization. Odontoblast and ameloblast differentiation involves reciprocal and sequential epithelial-mesenchymal interactions. Similar to early tooth development, various Bmps are expressed during this process, although their functions have not been explored in detail. Here, we investigated the role of odontoblast-derived Bmp2 for tooth mineralization using Bmp2 conditional knockout mice...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
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