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T Sitilci, S Demirgan, C Akcay, N Kahraman, B G Koseoglu, M A Erdem, A B Cankaya
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We analyzed and retrospectively compared patients with and without intellectual disability (ID) who underwent oral surgery under general anesthesia at Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of General Anesthesia, between October 2012 and June 2013 with regard to the following categories: Demographic features, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, Mallampati score, type of anesthetic drug used during the operation, type of intubation used, any difficulties with tracheal intubation, presence of systemic diseases, and recovery times after ending general anesthesia...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Neha Gupta, Himanshu Gupta, Prahlad Gupta, Nidhi Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Behavior management and reducing anxiety and pain are very important for success of treatment. Hence, apart from pharmacological management, such as conscious sedation, nonpharmacological interventions like music play a significant role. This study aims to evaluate the effects of music in reducing anxiety, pain, and behavior management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at the Department of Pedodontics in 2015. It consisted of 60 patients, age ranging from 3 to 7 years, who required dental treatment with local anesthesia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Narayana R Vinnakota, V Krishna, V Viswanath, Zaheer Ahmed, Kamal S Shaik, Naveen K Boppana
AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of fixed dose combination drugs among postgraduate dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among postgraduate dental students of dental colleges in coastal Andhra Pradesh. Three colleges were randomly selected and students of all the three years were included. Data was collected from the specialities of oral medicine and radiology, oral surgery, endodontics, pedodontics, periodontics, and public health dentistry...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Manal A AlMutairi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the level of parents' satisfaction with pediatric dental care provided by dental students at the College of Dentistry and explore the factors associated with various parents' demographics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among parents (n = 150) whose children received dental care in dental colleges in King Saud University (KSU) in Riyadh. The parents were asked to fill a self-administered dental satisfaction questionnaire between Februry and April 2016...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
H P Suma Sogi, Shivayogi M Hugar, Triveni Mohan Nalawade, Anjali Sinha, Shweta Hugar, Rachappa M Mallikarjuna
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the existing knowledge, attitude, and practices of "oral health care" in the prevention of early childhood caries (ECCs) among parents of children in Belagavi city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belagavi, Karnataka. Institutional Ethical Clearance was obtained. The study was conducted during the month of April 2014 to October 2014 after taking prior informed consent from the 218 parents...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Elif Yıldızer Keriş, Didem Atabek, Kahraman Güngör
BACKGROUND: The current study evaluated the effects of fixed and removable space-maintainers on halitosis and oral health of children. METHODS: Forty-three patients randomly selected between the ages 4-10 whom fixed or removable space maintainers were indicated in Gazi University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pedodontics. The inclusing criteria were: caries-free (with/without restorations), with absence of periodontal diseases, without systematic disease, no mouth breathing and no use of antibiotics the 2-months period before the study...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Ravish Ahuja, Bhuvan Jyoti, Vinod Shewale, Shridhar Shetty, Santosh Kumar Subudhi, Manpreet Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral management of patients forms one of the foremost components of pediatric dental treatment. Some children readily cooperate with dental treatment, while others require general anesthesia as a part of treatment protocol for carrying out various dental procedures. Hence, we evaluated the pediatric patients with and without mental retardation, who underwent dental treatment under general anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study analyzed the record of 480 pediatric patients reporting in the department of pedodontics from 2008 to 2014...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Priyanka Sachdeva, Mousumi Goswami, Darrel Singh
BACKGROUND: The latest advancement in adhesive dentistry is the development of self adhering flowable composite resin which incorporates the self-etch adhesion technology to eliminate the steps of etching, rinsing, priming and bonding. Few studies have addressed resin bonding to primary teeth. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the shear bond strength and nanoleakage of conventional and self adhering flowable composites to primary teeth dentin. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study was conducted in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, I...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Aarushi Gupta, Mohita Marwaha, Kalpana Bansal, Anupam Sachdeva, Ajay Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Dental care is often overlooked by the parents of children receiving treatment for cancer including chemotherapy who are in a phase of severe immunosuppression. AIM: (i) To study dental attitudes of parents of children receiving chemotherapy towards importance of dental care. (ii) To evaluate oral hygiene status and compare it with healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire assessing the awareness towards dental care was given to the parents of 47 paediatric patients suffering from cancer receiving chemotherapy and to parents of 47 paediatric patients reporting to outpatient Department of Pedodontics at SGT Dental College...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
M Ghanashyam Prasad, A Naga Radhakrishna, Halaswamy V Kambalimath, Shalini Chandrasekhar, B Deepthi, J Ramakrishna
OBJECTIVES: Oral diseases are affecting a large percentage of children worldwide. This study with Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry collaboration was taken up with the aim to evaluate the oral health status and treatment needs in school-going children of the West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 10126 school children who were randomly selected from 32 schools in West Godavari district...
May 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Giath Gazal, Wamiq Musheer Fareed, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Khalid H Al-Samadani
For fearful and uncooperative children behavioral management techniques are used. In order to control the pain and anxiety in pedodontic patients, pharmacologic sedation, anesthesia and analgesia are commonly used. Midazolam is commonly used as an oral sedation agent in children; it has several features such as safety of use, quick onset and certain degree of amnesia that makes it a desirable sedation agent in children. This review paper discusses various aspects of oral midazolam, ketamine and their combinations in conscious sedation including, advantages of oral route of sedation, pharmacokinetics, range of oral doses, and antagonists for clinical dental treatment procedures...
July 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Maha H Daou, Ece Eden, Nada El Osta
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry have recommended that the child's first dental visit should be during the child's first year of life for dental disease prevention and to decrease the invasive restorative interventions. In Lebanon, no study has been conducted to determine the age and the reasons of the first dental visit of children and who requested the first dental screening. OBJECTIVES: To assess at what age occurred the first dental visit in a group of Lebanese children visiting a private pediatric dental clinic and to explore the reasons for their first dental consultation...
January 2016: Le Journal Médical Libanais. the Lebanese Medical Journal
Louis Ibhawoh, Joan Enabulele
INTRODUCTION: In order to control serious pulpal pain following odontogenic infections in pregnant women, endodontic treatment may become necessary. The aim of this study was to assess the perception of dentists about rendering endodontic treatment to pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of resident doctors in the different dental specialties in Nigeria preparing for the various levels of the fellowship examinations of the West Africa College of Surgeons and the National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria...
September 2015: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
E Spinas, M Aresu, F Canargiu, L Giannetti
AIM: The aim of the present work is to investigate whether dental decoronation is a procedure known by a sample of dental students and Italian dentists. Dental decoronation technique is performed in order to mitigate the outcomes which may occur after a delayed tooth replantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cognitive survey about the knowledge of the dental decoronation technique was carried on two groups: a sample of 120 dental students (5th year of dental school), from University of Cagliari, Sassari and of Chieti-Pescara (60 males and 60 females), and a group which involved 200 Italian dentists (age comprised between 25 and 45, 130 females and 70 males) enrolled at pedodontics and orthodontics Masters and CE courses (University of Roma Sapienza, Chieti- Pescara, Cagliari)...
December 2015: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Naglaa Nabil Abdelkader
The aim of this study is to report a case of a nonvital, discolored, maxillary central incisor bleached by 35% hydrogen peroxide gel with the use of glass ionomer cement as a mechanical barrier in an attempt to minimize the undesirable side effects of intracoronal bleaching. The patient was a 13-year-old boy complaining of a discolored nonvital upper-right central incisor and was selected for this study from the pedodontic clinic in the Shibin Elkom teaching hospital in June 2013. After successful endodontic treatment, the tooth was bleached by 35% hydrogen peroxide gel (Opalescence Xtra), activated by a standard curing light unit, and evaluated for any periapical changes by a periapical radiograph for a nine-months follow-up period...
October 2015: Electronic Physician
L Bogachek-Halfon, T Ratson
Dental caries is a multifactorial disease that results from biologic and genetic factors, environmental conditions, and hazardous cariogenic habits. Therefore we can't totally prevent dental caries, only to reduce the risk for caries of an individual. This case report represents a 9 years old patient which diagnosed with rampant caries, in Pedodontic department of Dental school in Tel-Aviv University. This article describes the treatment and the follow up during 5 years. The case emphasizes the significance of biological and genetic factors in the etiology of rampant caries, beyond the environmental conditions as dietary and hygiene habits...
April 2015: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
Thorakkal Shamim
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of information about the relationship of forensic odontology with various dental specialties in the articles published in the Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology. This study aimed to find the relationship of forensic odontology with various dental specialties in the articles published in the Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology from 2005 to 2012 over an 8-year period. METHODS: Bibliometric analysis was performed using web-based search during December 2013...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Shravani Govind Deolia, Chaya Chhabra, Kumar Gaurav Chhabra, Shrivardhan Kalghatgi, Naresh Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Anomalies and enamel hypoplasia of deciduous dentition are routinely encountered by dental professionals and early detection and careful management of such conditions facilitates may help in customary occlusal development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypodontia, microdontia, double teeth, and hyperdontia of deciduous teeth among Indian children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 1,398 children (735 boys, 633 girls)...
April 2015: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
N C E Cazacu
RATIONALE: Dental Dam is the safest and most efficient isolation technique in endodontics and restorative dentistry, but it also used in esthetics, orthodontics, prosthetics, pedodontics and periodontology (for teeth immobilization). While in most cases the standard clamps are efficient, in some clinical situations clamp adaptation is mandatory in order to assure a tight contact on the tooth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to list the elements of the clamp, which should be modified in order to assure a secure constriction of the clamp on the anchor tooth, by using the carved gypsum cast method...
October 2014: Journal of Medicine and Life
Arun Kumar Patnana, Raja Sekhar Vabbalareddy, Narasimha Rao V Vanga
UNLABELLED: Dental age is important for treatment planning in the specialities of pedodontics and orthodontics. Although, Demirjian's method was considered standard for dental age estimation, it may not be reliable for all population. AIM: The goal of the study was to evaluate the reliability of Demir-jian's, Haavikko's and Willems method of dental age estimation methods in Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh, India) children. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and two children of 6 to 14 years old who underwent panaromic digital radiography for routine diagnostic purposes were included...
September 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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