keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

TAZ

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202507/yap-taz-mediated-upregulation-of-gab2-leads-to-increased-sensitivity-to-growth-factor-induced-activation-of-the-pi3k-pathway
#1
Chao Wang, Chao Gu, Kang Jin Jeong, Dong Zhang, Wei Guo, Yiling Lu, Zhenlin Ju, Nattapon Panupinthu, Ji Yeon Yang, Mihai Gagea, Patrick Kwok Shing Ng, Fan Zhang, Gordon B Mills
The transcription regulators YAP and TAZ function as effectors of the HIPPO signaling cascade, critical for organismal development, cell growth, and cellular reprogramming, and YAP/TAZ is commonly misregulated in human cancers. The precise mechanism by which aberrant YAP/TAZ promotes tumor growth remains unclear. The HIPPO tumor suppressor pathway phosphorylates YAP and TAZ resulting in cytosolic sequestration with subsequent degradation. Here we report that the phosphatidylinositol 3' kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway, which is critically involved in the pathophysiology of endometrial cancer (EC), interacts with the HIPPO pathway at multiple levels...
February 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195168/taz-contributes-to-pulmonary-fibrosis-by-activating-profibrotic-functions-of-lung-fibroblasts
#2
Satoshi Noguchi, Akira Saito, Yu Mikami, Hirokazu Urushiyama, Masafumi Horie, Hirotaka Matsuzaki, Hideyuki Takeshima, Kosuke Makita, Naoya Miyashita, Akihisa Mitani, Taisuke Jo, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Yasuhiro Terasaki, Takahide Nagase
Transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) regulates a variety of biological processes. Nuclear translocation and activation of TAZ are regulated by multiple mechanisms, including actin cytoskeleton and mechanical forces. TAZ is involved in lung alveolarization during lung development and Taz-heterozygous mice are resistant to bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. In this study, we explored the roles of TAZ in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) through histological analyses of human lung tissues and cell culture experiments...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183853/mark4-inhibits-hippo-signaling-to-promote-proliferation-and-migration-of-breast-cancer-cells
#3
Emad Heidary Arash, Ahmed Shiban, Siyuan Song, Liliana Attisano
The Hippo pathway is a critical regulator of tissue size, and aberrations in pathway regulation lead to cancer. MST1/2 and LATS1/2 kinases comprise the core of the pathway that, in association with adaptor proteins SAV and MOB, functions in a sequential manner to phosphorylate and inhibit the transcription factors YAP and TAZ. Here we identify mammalian MARK family members as activators of YAP/TAZ. We show that depletion of MARK4 in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells results in the loss of nuclear YAP/TAZ and decreases the expression of YAP/TAZ targets...
February 9, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183324/identification-of-taz-mutations-in-pediatric-patients-with-cardiomyopathy-by-targeted-next-generation-sequencing-in-a-chinese-cohort
#4
Jian Wang, Ying Guo, Meirong Huang, Zhen Zhang, Junxue Zhu, Tingliang Liu, Lin Shi, Fen Li, Huimin Huang, Lijun Fu
BACKGROUND: Barth syndrome (BTHS) is a rare X-linked recessive disease characterized by cardiomyopathy, neutropenia, skeletal myopathy and growth delay. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment may improve the prognosis of this disease. The purpose of this study is to determine the role of targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) in the early diagnosis of BTHS in children with cardiomyopathy. METHODS: During the period between 2012 and 2015, a gene panel-based NGS approach was used to search for potentially disease-causing genetic variants in all patients referred to our institution with a clinical diagnosis of primary cardiomyopathy...
February 10, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166194/mutant-p53-oncogenic-functions-in-cancer-stem-cells-are-regulated-by-wip-through-yap-taz
#5
M Escoll, R Gargini, A Cuadrado, I M Anton, F Wandosell
Wild-type p53 (wtp53) is described as a tumour suppressor gene; mutations in this gene occur in many human cancers and promote oncogenic capacity. Here, we establish that the oncogenic activity of mutant p53 (mtp53) is driven by the WASP-interacting protein (WIP). WIP knockdown from mtp53-expressing glioblastoma and breast cancer cells (BCC) greatly reduced proliferation and growth capacity of cancer stem cell (CSC)-like cells and decreased CSC-like markers (CD133, CD44 or YAP/TAZ). mtp53 overexpression in human astrocytes enhanced their proliferative capacity in suspension culture and increased expression of CSC markers and WIP...
February 6, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165342/epicardial-yap-taz-orchestrate-an-immunosuppressive-response-following-myocardial-infarction
#6
Vimal Ramjee, Deqiang Li, Lauren J Manderfield, Feiyan Liu, Kurt A Engleka, Haig Aghajanian, Christopher B Rodell, Wen Lu, Vivienne Ho, Tao Wang, Li Li, Anamika Singh, Dasan M Cibi, Jason A Burdick, Manvendra K Singh, Rajan Jain, Jonathan A Epstein
Ischemic heart disease resulting from myocardial infarction (MI) is the most prevalent form of heart disease in the United States. Post-MI cardiac remodeling is a multifaceted process that includes activation of fibroblasts and a complex immune response. T-regulatory cells (Tregs), a subset of CD4+ T cells, have been shown to suppress the innate and adaptive immune response and limit deleterious remodeling following myocardial injury. However, the mechanisms by which injured myocardium recruits suppressive immune cells remain largely unknown...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154200/pals1-haploinsufficiency-results-in-proteinuria-and-cyst-formation
#7
Thomas Weide, Beate Vollenbröker, Ulf Schulze, Ivona Djuric, Maria Edeling, Jakob Bonse, Florian Hochapfel, Olga Panichkina, Dirk-Oliver Wennmann, Britta George, Seonhee Kim, Christoph Daniel, Jochen Seggewiß, Kerstin Amann, Wilhelm Kriz, Michael P Krahn, Hermann Pavenstädt
The nephron is the basic physiologic subunit of the mammalian kidney and is made up of several apicobasally polarized epithelial cell types. The process of apicobasal polarization in animal cells is controlled by the evolutionarily conserved Crumbs (CRB), Partitioning-defective, and Scribble protein complexes. Here, we investigated the role of protein associated with LIN-7 1 (Pals1, also known as Mpp5), a core component of the apical membrane-determining CRB complex in the nephron. Pals1 interacting proteins, including Crb3 and Wwtr1/Taz, have been linked to renal cyst formation in mice before...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154141/the-nonreceptor-tyrosine-kinase-c-src-attenuates-scf-%C3%AE-trcp-e3-ligase-activity-abrogating-taz-proteasomal-degradation
#8
Matan Shanzer, Julia Adler, Inna Ricardo-Lax, Nina Reuven, Yosef Shaul
The polyomavirus middle T antigen (PyMT) oncogene activates the cellular nonreceptor tyrosine kinase c-Src and recruits the Hippo pathway effectors, Yap (yes-associated protein) and Taz (transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif), as key steps in oncogenesis. Yap and Taz are transcription coactivators shuttling from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. The Hippo pathway kinase Lats1/2 (large tumor suppressor homolog) reduces Yap/Taz nuclear localization and minimizes their cytoplasmic levels by facilitating their ubiquitination by the E3 ligase SCF(β-TrCP)...
February 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150703/dimethyl-fumarate-ameliorates-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-and-lung-fibrosis-by-targeting-multiple-pathways
#9
Agnieszka P Grzegorzewska, Francesca Seta, Rong Han, Caitlin A Czajka, Katsunari Makino, Lukasz Stawski, Jeffrey S Isenberg, Jeffrey L Browning, Maria Trojanowska
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a fatal condition for which there is no cure. Dimethyl Fumarate (DMF) is an FDA approved anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory agent with a favorable safety record. The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of DMF as a therapy for PAH using patient-derived cells and murine models. We show that DMF treatment is effective in reversing hemodynamic changes, reducing inflammation, oxidative damage, and fibrosis in the experimental models of PAH and lung fibrosis...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128737/taz-is-an-independent-prognostic-factor-in-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-elucidation-at-protein-level
#10
Showkat A Malik, Mosin S Khan, Majeed Dar, Mahboob Ul Hussain, Syed Mudassar
BACKGROUND: Hippo-LATS pathway is involved in regulating multiple phenotypes. TAZ (transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif) is a prominent proto-oncogene of this developmental pathway. Elevated TAZ expression has been observed in many cancers including Non-Small Cell lung cancer (NSCLC). OBJECTIVE: We elucidated the frequency of protein expression of TAZ gene in NSCLC patients of our population along with its relationship with clinicopathological parameters and determined its prognostic significance concerning survival in patients with resected tumor...
January 20, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126591/fzd10-g%C3%AE-13-signalling-axis-points-to-a-role-of-fzd10-in-cns-angiogenesis
#11
Belma Hot, Jana Valnohova, Elisa Arthofer, Katharina Simon, Jaekyung Shin, Mathias Uhlén, Evi Kostenis, Jan Mulder, Gunnar Schulte
Among the 10 Frizzled (FZD) isoforms belonging to the Class F of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), FZD10 remains the most enigmatic. FZD10 shows homology to FZD4 and FZD9 and was previously implicated in both β-catenin-dependent and -independent signalling. In normal tissue, FZD10 levels are generally very low; however, its upregulation in synovial carcinoma has attracted some attention for therapy. Our findings identify FZD10 as a receptor interacting with and signalling through the heterotrimeric G protein Gα13 but not Gα12, Gαi1, GαoA, Gαs, or Gαq...
January 24, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126318/exploring-spatial-autocorrelation-of-traffic-crashes-based-on-severity
#12
Ali Soltani, Sajad Askari
As a developing country, Iran has one of the highest crash-related deaths, with a typical rate of 15.6 cases in every 100 thousand people. This paper is aimed to find the potential temporal and spatial patterns of road crashes aggregated at traffic analysis zonal (TAZ) level in urban environments. Localization pattern and hotspot distribution were examined using geo-information approach to find out the impact of spatial/temporal dimensions on the emergence of such patterns. The spatial clustering of crashes and hotspots were assessed using spatial autocorrelation methods such as the Moran's I and Getis-Ord Gi* index...
January 19, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124973/yap-taz-initiate-and-maintain-schwann-cell-myelination
#13
Matthew Grove, Hyukmin Kim, Maryline Santerre, Alexander J Krupka, Seung Baek Han, Jinbin Zhai, Jennifer Y Cho, Raehee Park, Michele Harris, Seonhee Kim, Bassel E Sawaya, Shin H Kang, Mary F Barbe, Seo-Hee Cho, Michel A Lemay, Young-Jin Son
Nuclear exclusion of the transcriptional regulators and potent oncoproteins, YAP/TAZ, is considered necessary for adult tissue homeostasis. Here we show that nuclear YAP/TAZ are essential regulators of peripheral nerve development and myelin maintenance. To proliferate, developing Schwann cells (SCs) require YAP/TAZ to enter S-phase and, without them, fail to generate sufficient SCs for timely axon sorting. To differentiate, SCs require YAP/TAZ to upregulate Krox20 and, without them, completely fail to myelinate, resulting in severe peripheral neuropathy...
January 26, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123175/a-novel-mutation-in-taz-causes-mitochondrial-respiratory-chain-disorder-without-cardiomyopathy
#14
Nurun N Borna, Yoshihito Kishita, Kaori Ishikawa, Kazuto Nakada, Jun-Ichi Hayashi, Yoshimi Tokuzawa, Masakazu Kohda, Hiromi Nyuzuki, Yzumi Yamashita-Sugahara, Takashi Nasu, Atsuhito Takeda, Kei Murayama, Akira Ohtake, Yasushi Okazaki
Tafazzin, encoded by the TAZ gene, is a mitochondrial membrane-associated protein that remodels cardiolipin (CL), an important mitochondrial phospholipid. TAZ mutations are associated with Barth syndrome (BTHS). BTHS is an X-linked multisystemic disorder affecting usually male patients. Through sequence analysis of TAZ, we found one novel mutation c.39_60del p.(Pro14Alafs*19) by whole-exome sequencing and a reported missense mutation c.280C>T p.(Arg94Cys) by Sanger sequencing in two male patients (Pt1 and Pt2)...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122303/icariin-promotes-proliferation-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-rat-adipose-derived-stem-cells-by-activating-the-rhoa-taz-signaling-pathway
#15
Yaping Ye, Xingzhi Jing, Na Li, Yingxing Wu, Bingbing Li, Tao Xu
Icariin, the main active flavonoid glucoside isolated from Herba epimedii, has been demonstrated to be a potential alternative therapy to prevent postmenopausal osteoporosis. Icariin has also been shown to regulate the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow stromal cells (rBMSCs). However, the detailed molecular mechanism of icariin has remained largely unknown. Besides, no investigation has focused on the relevance of icariin in the regulation of rat adipose-derived stem cells (rASCs) proliferation and osteogenic differentiation...
January 22, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115535/vinculin-promotes-nuclear-localization-of-taz-to-inhibit-ecm-stiffness-dependent-differentiation-into-adipocytes
#16
Mito Kuroda, Hiroki Wada, Yasuhisa Kimura, Kazumitsu Ueda, Noriyuki Kioka
Extracellular matrix (ECM) stiffness regulates the lineage commitment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Although cells sense ECM stiffness through focal adhesion, how cells sense ECM stiffness and regulate ECM stiffness-dependent differentiation remains largely unclear. In this study, we show that cytoskeletal focal adhesion protein vinculin plays a critical role in the ECM stiffness-dependent adipocyte differentiation of MSCs. ST2 mouse MSCs differentiate into adipocytes and osteoblasts in an ECM stiffness-dependent manner...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112996/snail-slug-yap-taz-complexes-cooperatively-regulate-mesenchymal-stem-cell-function-and-bone-formation
#17
Yi Tang, Stephen J Weiss
Snail and Slug are zinc-finger transcription factors that play key roles in directing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) programs associated with normal development as well as disease progression. More recent work suggests that these EMT-associated transcription factors also modulate the function of both embryonic and adult stem cells. Interestingly, YAP and TAZ, the co-transcriptional effectors of the Hippo pathway, likewise play an important role in stem cell self-renewal and lineage commitment. While direct intersections between the Snail/Slug and Hippo pathways have not been described previously, we recently described an unexpected cooperative interaction between Snail/Slug and YAP/TAZ that controls the self-renewal and differentiation properties of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), a cell population critical to bone development...
January 23, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103756/compression-induced-chondrogenic-differentiation-of-embryonic-stem-cells-in-3-d-pdms-scaffolds
#18
Christina McKee, Yifeng Hong, Donggang Yao, G Rasul Chaudhry
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are an ideal source for chondrogenic progenitors for the repair of damaged cartilage tissue. It is currently difficult to induce uniform and scalable ESC differentiation in vitro, a process required for stem cell therapy. This is partly because stem cell fate is determined by complex interactions with the native microenvironment and mechanical properties of the extracellular matrix. Mechanical signaling is considered to be one of the major factors regulating the proliferation and differentiation of chondrogenic cells both in vitro and in vivo...
January 19, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098159/fluid-shear-stress-activates-yap1-to-promote-cancer-cell-motility
#19
Hyun Jung Lee, Miguel F Diaz, Katherine M Price, Joyce A Ozuna, Songlin Zhang, Eva M Sevick-Muraca, John P Hagan, Pamela L Wenzel
Mechanical stress is pervasive in egress routes of malignancy, yet the intrinsic effects of force on tumour cells remain poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that frictional force characteristic of flow in the lymphatics stimulates YAP1 to drive cancer cell migration; whereas intensities of fluid wall shear stress (WSS) typical of venous or arterial flow inhibit taxis. YAP1, but not TAZ, is strictly required for WSS-enhanced cell movement, as blockade of YAP1, TEAD1-4 or the YAP1-TEAD interaction reduces cellular velocity to levels observed without flow...
January 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087714/dlg5-connects-cell-polarity-and-hippo-signaling-protein-networks-by-linking-par-1-with-mst1-2
#20
Julian Kwan, Anna Sczaniecka, Emad Heidary Arash, Liem Nguyen, Chia-Chun Chen, Srdjana Ratkovic, Olga Klezovitch, Liliana Attisano, Helen McNeill, Andrew Emili, Valeri Vasioukhin
Disruption of apical-basal polarity is implicated in developmental disorders and cancer; however, the mechanisms connecting cell polarity proteins with intracellular signaling pathways are largely unknown. We determined previously that membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) protein discs large homolog 5 (DLG5) functions in cell polarity and regulates cellular proliferation and differentiation via undefined mechanisms. We report here that DLG5 functions as an evolutionarily conserved scaffold and negative regulator of Hippo signaling, which controls organ size through the modulation of cell proliferation and differentiation...
December 15, 2016: Genes & Development
keyword
keyword
36769
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"