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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922825/catholic-understandings-of-female-sexuality-in-1960s-britain
#1
David Geiringer
Recent interpretations of religious change in modern Britain have stressed the importance of a sudden and abrupt 'sexual revolution' during the 1960s. The role the Churches played in bringing about their own demise remains a point of debate, particularly in the case of the Catholic Church. This article attempts to move beyond existing historical disputes over a 'religious crisis' and whether it was rooted in 'internal' causes (problems within the Church) or 'external', secular developments. It explores the way sexual knowledge was discussed and disseminated by Catholic authorities during this decade of perceived cultural transition, drawing on the previously unpublished papers of the Papal Commission for Birth Control 1963-5 and the training manuals of the Catholic Marriage Advisory Council (CMAC)...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922821/individual-traveller-health-priorities-and-the-pre-travel-health-consultation
#2
Gerard T Flaherty, Bingling Chen, Gloria Avalos
The purpose of this study was to examine the principal travel health priorities of travellers. The most frequently selected travel health concerns were accessing medical care abroad, dying abroad, insect bites, malaria, personal safety and travel security threats. The travel health risks of least concern were culture shock, fear of flying, jet lag and sexually transmitted infections. This study is the first to develop a hierarchy of self-declared travel health risk priorities among travellers.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922735/assessing-the-interplay-of-childhood-adversities-with-more-recent-stressful-life-events-and-conditions-in-predicting-panic-pathology-among-adults-from-the-general-population
#3
E Asselmann, J Stender, H J Grabe, J König, C O Schmidt, A O Hamm, C A Pané-Farré
BACKGROUND: Although research suggests that (a) childhood adversities and more recent stressful life events/conditions are risk factors for panic pathology and that (b) early life stress increases vulnerability to later psychopathology, it remains unclear whether childhood adversities amplify the association between more recent stressful life events/conditions and panic pathology. METHODS: Data were derived from a general population sample (Study of Health in Pomerania, SHIP)...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922627/distribution-patterns-and-morphology-of-sensilla-on-the-antennae-of-plutella-xylostella-l-a-scanning-and-transmission-electron-microscopic-study
#4
Xi-Zhong Yan, Cai-Ping Deng, Jiao-Xin Xie, Lan-Jun Wu, Xue-Jun Sun, Chi Hao
The antennal morphology, types of antennal sensilla, fine structures and distributions of the sensilla in Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) were studied by scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy. The antenna, scape, pedicel and flagellum were all longer in males than in females. A total of seventeen types of sensilla were identified on the antennae: trichodea (two subtypes), basiconica, coeloconica (three subtypes), Böhm's bristles (two subtypes), styloconica (two subtypes), squamiformia, auricillica, furcatea (three subtypes), cupuliform organs and terminal sensory pegs...
September 6, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922406/loss-of-liver-specific-and-sexually-dimorphic-gene-expression-by-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-activation-in-c57bl-6-mice
#5
Rance Nault, Kelly A Fader, Jack R Harkema, Tim Zacharewski
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a highly conserved transcription factor that mediates a broad spectrum of species-, strain-, sex-, age-, tissue-, and cell-specific responses elicited by structurally diverse ligands including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Dose-dependent effects on liver-specific and sexually dimorphic gene expression were examined in male and female mice gavaged with TCDD every 4 days for 28 or 92 days. RNA-seq data revealed the coordinated repression of 181 genes predominately expressed in the liver including albumin (3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922319/disparities-in-access-to-care-in-marginalized-populations
#6
Elizabeth A Silberholz, Nicola Brodie, Nancy D Spector, Amy E Pattishall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews recent literature related to three groups whose health is affected by barriers to the healthcare system: refugee and immigrant populations; youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or questioning; and those with mental health problems. RECENT FINDINGS: Refugee and immigrant populations are increasing worldwide, and recent work has focused on improving their access to mental, dental, and preventive care...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922093/safer-sexual-practices-among-african-american-women-intersectional-socialisation-and-sexual-assertiveness
#7
Danice L Brown, Sha'Kema Blackmon, Alexandra Shiflett
Scholars have posited that childhood socialisation experiences may play a key role in influencing behaviours and attitudes that contribute to the acquisition of HIV. This study examined the links between past ethnic-racial and gender socialisation, sexual assertiveness and the safe sexual practices of African American college women utilising a cluster analytic approach. After identifying separate racial-gender and ethnic-gender socialisation profiles, results indicated that ethnic-gender socialisation cluster profiles were directly associated with sexual assertiveness and safer sex behaviour...
September 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922092/from-risky-behaviour-to-sexy-adventures-reconceptualising-young-people-s-online-sexual-activities
#8
Marijke Naezer
Western discourses about young people and sexuality centre around the concept of risk. Anxieties have been fuelled by the increasing popularity of social media and practices such as 'sexting' and watching 'sexually explicit' materials online. Research has shown however that such risk discourses mainly serve to moralise about, pathologise and police particular behaviours and children. In order to counter such paternalism, researchers advocated a reconceptualisation of youth not as passive victims, but as active agents who actively negotiate sexual experiences and discourses...
September 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921784/the-evolution-of-gonad-expenditure-and-gonadosomatic-index-gsi-in-male-and-female-broadcast-spawning-invertebrates
#9
Geoff A Parker, Steven A Ramm, Jussi Lehtonen, Jonathan M Henshaw
Sedentary broadcast-spawning marine invertebrates, which release both eggs and sperm into the water for fertilization, are of special interest for sexual selection studies. They provide unique insight into the early stages of the evolutionary succession leading to the often-intense operation of both pre- and post-mating sexual selection in mobile gonochorists. Since they are sessile or only weakly mobile, adults can interact only to a limited extent with other adults and with their own fertilized offspring...
September 18, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921726/chlamydia-trachomatis-regulates-innate-immune-barrier-integrity-and-mediates-cytokine-and-antimicrobial-responses-in-human-uterine-ecc-1-epithelial-cells
#10
Lucy Rudo Mukura, Danica K Hickey, Marta Rodriguez-Garcia, John V Fahey, Charles R Wira
PROBLEM: Chlamydia trachomatis infection is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection worldwide and known to increase the risk for HIV acquisition. Few studies have investigated how infection of epithelial cells compromises barrier integrity and antimicrobial response. METHOD OF STUDY: ECC-1 cells, a human uterine epithelial cell line, were treated with live and heat-killed C. trachomatis. Epithelial barrier integrity measured as transepithelial resistance (TER), chemokines antimicrobial levels, and antimicrobial mRNA expression was measured by ELISA and Real-time RT-PCR...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921576/rape-myth-acceptance-in-sexually-assaulted-adolescents-school-contexts-associations-with-depressed-mood-and-alcohol-use
#11
Emily R Dworkin, Stephanie N Sessarego, Samantha L Pittenger, Katie M Edwards, Victoria L Banyard
High school students exposed to sexual assault (SA) are at risk for negative outcomes like depressed mood and high-risk drinking. Although evidence suggests that both social contexts and internalized stigma can affect recovery from SA, no research to date has directly examined the presence of stigma in social contexts such as high schools as a correlate of adjustment after SA. In this study, the self-reported rape myth acceptance (RMA) of 3080 students from 97 grade cohorts in 25 high schools was used to calculate grade-mean and school-mean RMA, which was entered into multilevel models predicting depressed mood and alcohol use among N = 263 SA survivors within those schools...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921557/accountability-collaboration-and-social-change-ethical-tensions-in-an-action-research-project-to-address-untested-sexual-assault-kits-saks
#12
Rebecca Campbell, Giannina Fehler-Cabral
We conducted a collaborative action research project with stakeholders in Detroit, Michigan, to develop long-term policy strategies to resolve ~11,000 untested rape kits that were discovered in a police storage facility in August 2009. In our research, we uncovered overwhelming evidence of victim-blaming behaviors and fundamental disrespect of rape survivors by the police, which directly contributed to their decisions not to submit kits for forensic testing. We had an ethical responsibility to report these negative findings accurately and completely, and in doing so, we were concerned that police stakeholders might disengage from the action research project and hamper our other ethical responsibilities to promote general and public welfare...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921556/dating-and-sexual-violence-research-in-the-schools-balancing-protection-of-confidentiality-with-supporting-the-welfare-of-survivors
#13
Jill D Sharkey, Lauren A Reed, Erika D Felix
Rigorous research and program evaluation are needed to understand the experience of dating and sexual violence among youth and the impact of prevention and intervention efforts. Our dilemma in doing this work occurred when youth disclosed dating and sexual violence on a research survey. What responsibility do researchers have to protect survivors' confidentiality as a research participant versus taking steps to ensure the student has the opportunity to access help? In our evaluation of a pilot dating violence prevention program, our protocols employed widely used procedures for providing resources to participants upon their completion of the survey and de-identifying survey data...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921241/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-vaginal-dehydroepiandosterone-for-vaginal-symptoms-in-postmenopausal-cancer-survivors-ncctg-n10c1-alliance
#14
Debra L Barton, Jeff A Sloan, Lynne T Shuster, Paula Gill, Patricia Griffin, Kathleen Flynn, Shelby A Terstriep, Fauzia N Rana, Travis Dockter, Pamela J Atherton, Michaela Tsai, Keren Sturtz, Jacqueline M Lafky, Mike Riepl, Jacqueline Thielen, Charles L Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Women with estrogen deficiencies can suffer from vaginal symptoms that negatively impact sexual health. This study evaluated vaginal dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) for alleviation of vaginal symptoms. METHODS: This three-arm randomized, controlled trial evaluated DHEA 3.25 mg and DHEA 6.5 mg, each compared to a plain moisturizer (PM) over 12 weeks, to improve the severity of vaginal dryness or dyspareunia, measured with an ordinal scale, and overall sexual health using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
September 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921014/-legal-medicine-specialists-within-the-framework-of-acute-care-analysis-of-legal-medicine-consultations-in-relation-to-the-victims-statistics-of-the-state-office-of-criminal-investigation-in-saxony-anhalt
#15
G Pliske, S Heide, B Lucas, K Brandstädter, F Walcher, S Kropf, R Lessig, S Piatek
BACKGROUND: In acute medical care, there are patients who have been injured by the influence of others. The aim of this study was to analyze all cases which were presented to the Institute for Legal Medicine of the University Halle (Saale). The cases where analyzed in relation to the victims' statistics of the state office of criminal investigation in Saxony-Anhalt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The consultations of the Institute for Legal Medicine Halle-Wittenberg for 2012-2015 were evaluated with regard to the age and gender distribution, the reasons for the consultation and time until the request for consultations...
September 18, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920784/treatment-success-in-three-andean-bears-tremarctos-ornatus-with-alopecia-syndrome-using-oclacitinib-maleate-apoquel%C3%A2
#16
Gabby J Drake, Tim Nuttall, Javier López, William Magnone, Antoine Leclerc, Romain Potier, Alexis Lécu, Maëlle Guézénec, Lydia Kolter, Amélie Nicolau, Karin Lemberger, Didier Pin, Sallie B Cosgrove
Andean bear (Tremarctos ornatus) alopecia syndrome (ABAS) commonly affects captive bears, particularly sexually mature females. ABAS is characterized by bilaterally symmetrical predominantly flank alopecia with or without profound pruritus and secondary bacterial and Malassezia infections. There is no effective treatment and severely affected bears have been euthanized. This paper describes the successful management of ABAS in three female Andean bears. Skin biopsies and cytology revealed a mixed dermal inflammatory infiltrate, alopecia, hyperkeratosis, and Malassezia dermatitis...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920768/sexually-transmitted-infections-compelling-case-for-an-improved-screening-strategy
#17
Stephen Hull, Seán Kelley, Janice L Clarke
Sexually Transmitted Infections: Compelling Case for an Improved Screening Strategy Stephen Hull, MHS, Seán Kelley, MD, MSc, and Janice L. Clarke, RN, BBA Editorial: Sexually Transmitted Infections-A Fixable Problem: David B. Nash, MD, MBA   S-3 Introduction   S-3 Rising Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STIs)   S-4 Current Screening Rates for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea   S-4 The Human Toll and Economic Burden of STI-Related Illness   S-5 Current Screening Guidelines for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea   S-5 Factors Contributing to Inadequate Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment for STIs   S-6 Methods Used to Improve Screening Rates   S-7 Benefits of Opt-Out Screening Strategies for STIs   S-8 Cost-Effectiveness of Screening for STIs   S-8 Discussion   S-9 Conclusion   S-10...
September 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920756/sleep-disturbance-as-a-clinical-sign-for-severe-hypogonadism-efficacy-of-testosterone-replacement-therapy-on-sleep-disturbance-among-hypogonadal-men-without-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#18
Kazuyoshi Shigehara, Hiroyuki Konaka, Kazuhiro Sugimoto, Takahiro Nohara, Koji Izumi, Yoshifumi Kadono, Mikio Namiki, Atsushi Mizokami
OBJECTIVE: The present subanalysis of the EARTH study investigates the effects of one year testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) on sleep disturbance among hypogonadal men without obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: Sleep disturbance was defined as three or more points in question 4 of the aging males symptoms (AMS) questionnaire. All participants completed the AMS scale, International Prostatic Symptoms Score (IPSS), Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) and Short Form 36 (SF-36) health survey at baseline and after 12 months...
September 18, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920542/brief-manual-based-single-session-motivational-interviewing-for-reducing-high-risk-sexual-behaviour-in-women-an-evaluation
#19
Jens Boman, Helena Lindqvist, Lars Forsberg, Urban Janlert, Gabriel Granåsen, Elisabet Nylander
The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate brief Motivational Interviewing (MI) to facilitate behaviour change in women at high risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs). One hundred and seventy-three women (mean age 24.7) at high risk of contracting STIs were randomized to a brief risk-reducing MI counselling intervention (n = 74) or assigned to the control group (n = 99). MI skill was assessed using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) Coding System...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920456/child-sexual-abuse-prevention-opportunities-parenting-programs-and-the-reduction-of-risk
#20
Julia Rudolph, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Dianne C Shanley, Russell Hawkins
To date, child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention has relied largely on child-focused education, teaching children how to identify, avoid, and disclose sexual abuse. The purpose of this article is to explore how prevention opportunities can include parents in new and innovative ways. We propose that parents can play a significant role as protectors of their children via two pathways: (i) directly, through the strong external barriers afforded by parent supervision, monitoring, and involvement; and (ii) indirectly, by promoting their children's self-efficacy, competence, well-being, and self-esteem, which the balance of evidence suggests will help them become less likely targets for abuse and more able to respond appropriately and disclose abuse if it occurs...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
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