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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779297/cardiac-rhythm-management-devices
#1
Irene Stevenson, Alex Voskoboinik
BACKGROUND: The last decade has seen ongoing evolution and use of cardiac rhythm management devices, including pacemakers, cardiac resynchronisation therapy, implantable cardioverter defibrillators and loop recorders. General practitioners are increasingly involved in follow-up and management of patients with these devices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to provide an overview of different cardiac rhythm management devices, including their role, implant procedure, post-procedural care, potential complications and follow‑up...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779250/soy-protein-supplement-intake-for-12-months-has-no-effect-on-sexual-maturation-and-may-improve-nutritional-status-in-pre-pubertal-children
#2
Sandra M Duitama, Javier Zurita, Diana Cordoba, Paola Duran, Leopold Ilag, Wilson Mejia
AIM: To evaluate the intake of a soy protein-based supplement (SPS) and its effects on the sexual maturation and nutritional status of prepubertal children who consumed it for a year. METHODS: Healthy children (n = 51) were recruited and randomly assigned to consume the lunch fruit juice with (n = 29) or without (n = 22) addition of 45 g of a commercial soy protein-based supplement (SPS) over 12 months. Nutritional assessment including anthropometry (bodyweight, height, triceps skinfold thickness, mid-upper arm circumference), body mass index (BMI), upper arm muscle area, arm muscle circumference, upper arm area, upper arm fat area data were derived from measures using usual procedures; age and gender-specific percentiles were used as reference...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779160/an-event-level-analysis-of-condomless-anal-intercourse-with-a-hiv-discordant-or-hiv-status-unknown-partner-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-from-a-multi-site-study
#3
Cui Yang, Carl Latkin, Karin Tobin, David Seal, Beryl Koblin, Geetanjali Chander, Daniel Siconolfi, Stephen Flores, Pilgrim Spikes
Despite the high HIV incidence and prevalence among black men who have sex with men (BMSM), little research has examined partner characteristics, partner seeking venue, sexual position, substance use, and sexual risk behavior at the sex event-level among BMSM. Using the baseline data from a multi-site study of 807 BMSM stratified by their HIV status, the goal of this study was to conduct a detailed event-level analysis of 1577 male anal sex events to assess the factors associated with condomless anal intercourse (CLAI) with a HIV-discordant or HIV status-unknown partner...
May 19, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779159/an-etiological-approach-to-sexual-offender-assessment-case-formulation-incorporating-risk-assessment-cafira
#4
REVIEW
Leam A Craig, Martin Rettenberger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Case formulations (CF) have been the cornerstone of effective practice in clinical psychology since the 1950s and now form one of the core competencies in clinical and forensic assessment. The use of CFs within forensic settings is becoming more relevant when working with offenders who have experienced significant trauma, suffered from personality disorder, and have displayed sexually abusive behavior. Furthermore, most North American and European jurisdictions insist that expert witnesses adopt an idiosyncratic approach to risk assessment and consider the characteristics of the individual as part of a wider formulation of the problem behavior...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779116/a-holistic-approach-to-factors-affecting-depression-in-haemodialysis-patients
#5
REVIEW
Georgia Gerogianni, Anastasios Kouzoupis, Eirini Grapsa
Depression in dialysis populations is affected by co-morbid diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and immune dysfunction, and it also includes high suicide risk and frequent hospitalizations. Depressive disorders have a close association with malnutrition and chronic inflammation, as well as with cognitive impairment. Impaired cognitive function may be manifested as low adherence to dialysis treatment, leading to malnutrition. Additionally, chronic pain and low quality of sleep lead to high rates of depressive symptoms in haemodialysis patients, while an untreated depression can cause sleep disturbances and increased mortality risk...
May 19, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779094/-cell-grafting-a-new-approach-for-transferring-cytoplasmic-or-nuclear-genome-between-plants
#6
Vladimir Sidorov, Charles Armstrong, Thomas Ream, Xudong Ye, Annie Saltarikos
A new method based on mixing and wounding of callus tissue was used to transfer plastid or nuclear DNA between cells. Methods alternative to sexual hybridization can be powerful tools for crop improvement. We have developed a new hybridization technology based on wounding a mixed population of cells of two parents growing in vitro as callus ("cell grafting"), and have demonstrated the utility of this system for plastid or nuclear genome transfer. In our proof-of concept experiments, non-organized growing tissue (callus) from tobacco var...
May 19, 2018: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779005/hbv-and-hcv-test-uptake-and-correlates-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-online-survey
#7
Thomas Fitzpatrick, Stephen W Pan, Weiming Tang, Wilson Guo, Joseph D Tucker
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) cause substantial morbidity and mortality in low-income and middle-income countries, including China. WHO guidelines recommend men who have sex with men (MSM) receive HBV and HCV screening. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of MSM in China who have HBV and HCV tested and identify correlates of test uptake. METHODS: We conducted an online cross-sectional survey of young MSM in China...
May 19, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778584/evaluating-the-capacity-of-california-s-publicly-funded-universities-to-provide-medication-abortion
#8
Sarah Raifman, Patricia Anderson, Shelly Kaller, Diane Tober, Daniel Grossman
OBJECTIVE: To explore the capacity of the University of California (UC) and California State University (CSU) student health centers to provide medication abortion (MA), to identify gaps in resources required to implement proposed Senate Bill 320, which would mandate the provision of MA on UC and CSU campuses, and to explore California student health center staff perspectives on the benefits and challenges of providing MA. STUDY DESIGN: UC and CSU student health center (SHC) staff participated in a self-administered online survey; we conducted in-depth data collection including site visits and conference calls at a subset of campuses...
May 17, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778516/facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-hpv-vaccination-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-patients-at-a-boston-community-health-center
#9
Kaan Z Apaydin, Holly B Fontenot, Derri Shtasel, Sannisha K Dale, Christina P C Borba, Christopher S Lathan, Lori Panther, Kenneth H Mayer, Alex S Keuroghlian
BACKGROUND: Young sexual minority individuals have lower human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine completion rates than the general population, and little is known about how gender minority people perceive HPV vaccination. The aim of this study was to qualitatively identify patient-, provider-, and systems-level barriers and facilitators for HPV vaccination among sexual and gender minority (SGM) people. METHODS: Fifteen SGM-identified individuals, ages 23-26, were recruited at an urban community health center in Boston, MA, that specializes in care for SGM...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778500/proportion-of-patients-who-disclose-their-sexual-orientation-to-healthcare-providers-and-its-relationship-to-patient-outcomes-a-meta-analysis-and-review
#10
REVIEW
Mollie A Ruben, Madeline Fullerton
OBJECTIVE: Patient-centered care emphasizes the need to form a therapeutic and trusting relationship between patients and providers in which patients feel comfortable disclosing health-relevant and personal information. It is still unknown how many patients disclose their sexual orientation to providers, under what circumstances and what it is related to in terms of outcomes. METHOD: The present meta-analysis and review sought to identify the overall proportion of sexual orientation disclosure to healthcare providers, facilitators and barriers of disclosure, patient populations less likely to disclose, and the relationship between disclosure and outcomes...
May 2, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778296/the-utility-of-twitter-as-a-tool-for-increasing-reach-of-research-on-sexual-violence
#11
Christine Wekerle, Negar Vakili, Sherry H Stewart, Tara Black
Researchers in violence prevention areas seek to disseminate work for impact to practice and policy. Knowledge transfer, exchange, and mobilization are common terms for research knowledge utilization where public communication platforms are playing an increasing role, having unique capacity to connect stakeholders in advocacy and lived experience, academia, non-governmental organizations, government-supported organizations, such as child welfare, and research funding bodies. Social networking platforms provide a communication intervention opportunity to test the effectiveness of the research reach...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778262/understanding-and-addressing-hepatitis-c-virus-reinfection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#12
REVIEW
Thomas C S Martin, Andri Rauch, Luisa Salazar-Vizcaya, Natasha K Martin
Hepatitis C virus reinfection rates among men who have sex with men are high. Factors associated with infection point to varied sexual and drug-related risks that could be targeted for interventions to prevent infection/reinfection. Modeling indicates that tackling increasing incidence and high reinfection rates requires high levels of hepatitis C virus treatment combined with behavioral interventions. Enhanced testing strategies and prompt retreating of reinfection may be required to promptly diagnosed reinfections...
June 2018: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778123/educated-and-at-risk-how-the-shortage-of-available-partners-influences-hiv-risk-for-college-educated-african-american-women
#13
Valerie R Newsome, Collins O Airhihenbuwa, Shedra Amy Snipes
BACKGROUND: African-Americans have the greatest gender-ratio imbalance compared to other racial groups in the United States. This has been associated with higher rates of concurrent sexual partnerships, increasing risk of HIV infection. College-educated African-American women are of particular interest as they are not often represented in studies on HIV prevention, while their dating and sexual negotiation patterns may differ from those of their lower-educated and lower-income counterparts more often the subject of study in HIV research among African-Americans...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778102/effects-of-extending-the-length-of-pro-oestrus-in-an-oestradiol-and-progesterone-based-oestrus-synchronisation-program-on-ovarian-function-uterine-environment-and-pregnancy-establishment-in-beef-heifers
#14
J J de la Mata, R Núñez-Olivera, F Cuadro, D Bosolasco, V de Brun, A Meikle, G A Bó, A Menchaca
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a strategy for extending pro-oestrus (the interval between luteolysis and ovulation) in an oestrus synchronisation protocol (named J-Synch) in beef heifers on follicular growth, sexual steroid concentrations, the oestrogen receptor ERα and progesterone receptors (PR) in the uterus, insulin-like growth factor (IGF) 1 and pregnancy rates. In Experiment 1, heifers treated with the new J-Synch protocol had a longer pro-oestrus period than those treated with the conventional protocol (mean (±s...
May 21, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778101/prevalence-of-self-reported-symptoms-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-knowledge-and-sexual-behaviour-among-youth-in-semi-rural-tanzania-in-the-period-of-adolescent-friendly-health-services-strategy-implementation
#15
Ramadhani Abdul, Annette A M Gerritsen, Mary Mwangome, Eveline Geubbels
BACKGROUND: Global evidence shows that sexually transmitted infections (STIs) prevalence and sexual risk behaviours are high among youth, and knowledge about STIs is low. In Tanzania, there is limited recent evidence regarding these issues. The aim of this study was to describe the health seeking behaviour of youth reporting STI symptoms in semi-rural Tanzania and to evaluate the association of socio-demographic characteristics, STI knowledge and sexual risk behaviour with STI symptom reporting...
May 19, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778086/pelvic-floor-physical-therapy-and-women-s-health-promotion
#16
REVIEW
Samantha Lawson, Ashley Sacks
Pelvic floor dysfunction is defined as abnormal function of the pelvic floor and includes conditions that can have significant adverse impacts on a woman's quality of life, including urinary incontinence (stress, urge, and mixed), fecal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, sexual dysfunction, diastasis recti abdominis, pelvic girdle pain, and chronic pain syndromes. Women's health care providers can screen for, identify, and treat pelvic floor dysfunction. This article examines the case of a woman with multiple pelvic-floor-related problems and presents the evidence for the use of pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) for pregnancy-related pelvic floor dysfunction...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778052/self-reported-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-relationship-to-abuse-risk-behaviors-trauma-symptoms-self-esteem-and-attachment
#17
Maria Zetterqvist, Carl Göran Svedin, Cecilia Fredlund, Gisela Priebe, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson
This study focuses on a conceptually unexplored behavior among adolescents who report deliberately using sex as a means of self-injury. In a large high school-based sample (n = 5743), adolescents who engaged in sex as self-injury (SASI, n = 43) were compared to adolescents who reported direct nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI, n = 933) and those who reported both NSSI and SASI (n = 82). Results showed that significantly more adolescents with SASI had experience of penetrating sexual abuse, as well as more sexual partners compared to those with NSSI...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778018/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-anti-depressant-medicinal-plants-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Jeanette Martins, Brijesh S
Stress renders an individual to experience mental pressure and exhaustion which brings about feelings of anxiety, depression, anger and/or other negative emotions. Depression affects a person's state of mind, behaviour, health and is often associated with suicide. The use of anti-depressant drugs as therapeutic agents is associated with symptoms such as, delayed onset of action, side-effects, drug-drug and dietary interactions, sexual dysfunction, cardiac toxicity, etc. Thus, there is need to target these issues and improve current treatment options...
May 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#19
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777911/deficiency-in-gnrh-receptor-trafficking-due-to-a-novel-homozygous-mutation-causes-idiopathic-hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism-in-three-prepubertal-siblings
#20
Rui Zhang, Siyuan Linpeng, Zhuo Li, Yingxi Cao, Hu Tan, Desheng Liang, Lingqian Wu
Idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) is characterized by low levels of gonadotropins and delayed or absent sexual development. Most of the patients are diagnosed in late adolescence or early adulthood. Determining the diagnosis of IHH in prepubertal patients can be challenging. Making a timely, correct diagnosis has important clinical implications. Here we aimed to identify the genetic cause of IHH in three prepubertal siblings from a Chinese Han family and give appropriate treatment advice. Using whole exome sequencing (WES), we identified a novel homozygous GNRHR mutation (NM_000406; c...
May 16, 2018: Gene
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