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Sexual health

Leslie A Sadownik, Paul J Yong, Kelly B Smith
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: To systematically evaluate the literature regarding vulvodynia treatment outcome measures. METHODS: A systematic literature search on OVID, PubMed, and PsycINFO databases was conducted from inception until May 2016. Studies were included/excluded based on prespecified criteria. Reported outcome measures were organized into 6 core outcome domains recommended by the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT): pain; physical functioning, emotional functioning, participant ratings of global improvement and satisfaction with treatment, symptoms and adverse events, and participant disposition...
July 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Roberta E Emetu
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been reported to be disproportionately higher among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) than among heterosexual men. Most research and public health programs among YMSM CSA survivors have been mainly infectious disease-based, and research on the physical sexual health among this group is limited. This study sought to further understand components of physical sexual health among YMSM with CSA histories. Sixteen participants were recruited, and through a phenomenological approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Fatma Ela Keskin, Hande Mefkure Özkaya, Mazhar Ortaç, Emre Salabaş, Ateş Kadıoğlu, Pınar Kadıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the severity of female sexual dysfunction (FSD), quality of life, and depression status in female patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 29 sexually active women with CS and 30 healthy age and body mass index matched women. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) were filled by each participant...
July 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Donna Angelina Rade, Gemma Crawford, Roanna Lobo, Corie Gray, Graham Brown
The number of migrants has increased globally. This phenomenon has contributed to increasing health problems amongst migrants in high-income countries, including vulnerability for HIV acquisition and other sexual health issues. Adaptation processes in destination countries can present difficulties for migrants to seek help from and gain access to health services. This study examined migrants’ from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and South East Asia (SEA) sexual health help-seeking behavior in high-income countries with universal health coverage...
June 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Katharine A Rimes, Sandhya Shivakumar, Greg Ussher, Dan Baker, Qazi Rahman, Elizabeth West
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth have elevated suicidality rates. AIMS: To investigate LGB-related and other factors associated with suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, and future suicide risk in a large UK sample. METHOD: Logistic regression was used to investigate factors associated with suicidality in 3,275 LGB young adults from the Youth Chances project. RESULTS: Suicide attempts (lifetime) were reported by 13...
June 21, 2018: Crisis
Mpho D Mhlongo, Andrew Tomita, Lindokuhle Thela, Varsha Maharaj, Jonathan K Burns
Background: While there is considerable research in developed countries on the nature and extent of post-traumatic stress among refugees and migrants, few report on female Africans migrating within Africa. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between exposure to traumatic life events and post-traumatic stress disorder risk in refugees and migrants in Durban, South Africa, with specific focus on sexual trauma events among women. Methods: Interviews were conducted on 157 consenting non-South African adults using a sociodemographic questionnaire, Life Events Checklist (documenting traumatic events experienced) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (measuring post-traumatic symptomatology)...
2018: South African Journal of Psychiatry: SAJP: the Journal of the Society of Psychiatrists of South Africa
Jordon D Bosse, J Aleah Nesteby, Carla E Randall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Megan McCool-Myers, Melissa Theurich, Andrea Zuelke, Helge Knuettel, Christian Apfelbacher
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction affects 41% of reproductive-age women worldwide, making it a highly prevalent medical issue. Predictors of female sexual dysfunction are multifaceted and vary from country to country. A synthesis of potential risk factors and protective factors may aid healthcare practitioners in identifying populations at risk, in addition to revealing modifiable factors to prevent sexual dysfunction among reproductive-age women. METHODS: Observational studies which assessed the prevalence and predictors of female sexual dysfunction in reproductive-age women were systematically sought in relevant databases (2000-2014)...
June 22, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Getachew Mullu Kassa, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir
Violence against women (VAW) is a major public health problem globally, particularly in developing countries including Ethiopia. Accordingly, sustainable development goal (SDG) 5 (by United Nation) prioritizes VAW and calls for the design and implementation of programs relevant to its elimination by 2030. However, little is known about the epidemiology of VAW as all estimates from few, cross-sectional studies so far are inconsistent and inconclusive. This study, therefore, was conducted to determine the pooled national prevalence of VAW in Ethiopia...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Laura M Heath, Jill Torrie, Kathryn J Gill
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the physical and mental health of Cree adults, as well as the personal, clinical, and environmental factors associated with the presence of lifetime anxiety and mood disorders. METHODS: Mental health was assessed using the computerised version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (CDIS-IV), and standardised instruments were used to assess physical health, addiction severity, and psychological distress in 506 randomly selected participants from 4 Northern Cree communities in Quebec...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Xia Wang, Adam Bourne, Pulin Liu, Jiangli Sun, Thomas Cai, Gitau Mburu, Matteo Cassolato, Bangyuan Wang, Wang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as an additional prevention choice for men who have sex with men (MSM) at substantial risk of HIV. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent, and reasons, for MSM's willingness to use oral PrEP in Wuhan and Shanghai, China. METHODS: Between May and December 2015, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 487 MSM recruited through snowball sampling in physical locations frequented by MSM and through social media applications...
2018: PloS One
Peter Glick, Umaiyeh Khammash, Mohammed Shaheen, Ryan Brown, Prodyumna Goutam, Rita Karam, Sebastian Linnemayr, Salwa Massad
Relatively little is known about patterns of health risk behaviors among Middle Eastern youth, including how these behaviors are related to perceived peer norms. In a sample of approximately 2,500 15-24 year old Palestinian youth, perceived engagement of general peers in alcohol consumption, drug use and sexual activity was substantially greater than youths' own (self-reported) engagement in these activities, suggesting a tendency to overestimate the prevalence of risk-taking behavior among peers. Individual participation in a risk behavior strongly covaries with the perceived levels of both friends' and peers' engagement in that behavior (p = 0...
2018: PloS One
Gary McAuliffe, Marian Smith, Mike Brokenshire, Rose Forster, Murray Reid, Sally Roberts
AIMS: Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) has developed resistance to a wide range of antimicrobials. Population level data is essential to determine empiric treatment regimes. We sought to identify antimicrobial resistance patterns for NG in the Auckland region from 2008-2016, and review the utility of current methods of antimicrobial resistance testing. METHODS: Antimicrobial susceptibilities and demographic data from NG isolates derived from patients attending the Auckland Regional Sexual Health Service and Auckland City Hospital were analysed to determine resistance rates and trends over time...
June 22, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
Valerio Baćak, Kate Thurman, Katie Eyer, Rubab Qureshi, Jason D P Bird, Luis M Rivera, Suzanne A Kim
Incarceration is considerably more prevalent among sexual and gender minority persons (SGM) than among the general population. Once behind bars, they are at the greatest risk for health-related harms. Although a growing number of studies have assessed health disparities produced by mass incarceration, scholars are yet to systematically assess the health consequences of incarceration on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. We invite public health scholars to study the effects of incarceration on health in the SGM population and provide a roadmap to aid these research efforts...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Sabrina C Boyce, Kimberly C Brouwer, Daniel Triplett, Argentina E Servin, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Jay G Silverman
OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively assess the relationships of childhood experiences of marriage, pregnancy, and sexual violence with underage sex trafficking. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data from a population-based sample of 603 female sex workers from Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, were collected in 2013 and 2014, and we analyzed the data to evaluate relationships between pregnancy, marriage, and sexual violence when younger than 16 years, and child sex trafficking...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Martin A Monto, Nick McRee, Frank S Deryck
OBJECTIVES: To provide prevalence estimates of adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) based on large, representative, nonclinical samples of high-school students, and to explore gender differences in health risks associated with NSSI. METHODS: We used 2015 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System data to estimate the prevalence of self-injury and variables potentially associated with self-injury for high-school-age boys (n = 32 150) and girls (n = 32 521) in 11 US states...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
D E Smith, I J Woolley, D B Russell, F Bisshop, V Furner
As treatment improves, people living with HIV (PLWHIV) can now expect to live longer, which means that the foci of HIV-related care for them and their medical practitioners continue to change. With an increasingly older cohort of patients with HIV infection, practitioners' key considerations are shifting from issues of acute treatment and patient survival to multiple comorbidities, toxicities associated with chronic therapy, and ongoing health maintenance. Within this context, this paper explores the current standard of practice for the management of HIV infection in Australia...
August 2018: HIV Medicine
Angela M Dionisi, Julian Barling
The goal of this study was to examine the costs associated with witnessing the sexual harassment of a male colleague. More specifically, we investigate (a) whether observed male gender harassment is related to psychological and physical health, and negative and positive job-related behaviors and attitudes, and (b) the mediating roles of discrete negative emotions (anger, fear) and identity-based evaluations (collective self-esteem). We explore these questions in a sample of men and women employed in "blue collar" professions...
July 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
John E Pachankis, Timothy J Sullivan, Nora F Moore
While existing research documents the impact of parental rejection on sexual minorities, the present study extends this research to include a subtler, yet potentially more pervasive, challenge facing sexual minorities and their parents, with lasting implications for mental health. Parental unfinished business refers to persistent, unresolved negative thoughts and feelings toward one's parents and is investigated here as a result of parental rejection of their sexual minority sons' sexual orientation. To capture developmental trajectories of parental unfinished business and its prospective predictors (i...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Steven A Safren, Aaron J Blashill, Jasper S Lee, Conall O'Cleirigh, Julia Tomassili, Katie B Biello, Matthew J Mimiaga, Kenneth H Mayer
OBJECTIVE: Among men who have sex with men (MSM), HIV sexual risk and poor self-care behavior is associated with syndemics, or co-occurring psychosocial problems. Though prior research has demonstrated an additive total effect of syndemics on HIV risk behavior and infection, mostly within cross-sectional designs, it is possible that these associations are not direct but rather that syndemics disrupt relevant individual-level mediating psychological variables. One of the more common individual-level psychological variables that predicts health behavior generally, and HIV risk behavior specifically, is self-efficacy...
June 21, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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