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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452257/microbiota-changes-impact-on-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-the-development-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease
#1
Nathalie Loeper, Simon Graspeuntner, Jan Rupp
The integrity of the human urogenital microbiome is crucial for women's health and well-being. An imbalance of the urogenital microbiota increases the risk for sexually transmitted infections. In this review, we discuss the microbiota composition of the female urogenital tract and its role in protecting from sexually transmitted infections and the emergence of pelvic inflammatory disease.
February 13, 2018: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451821/protection-from-vascular-dysfunction-in-female-rats-with-chronic-stress-and-depressive-symptoms
#2
Steven D Brooks, Stan Hileman, Paul D Chantler, Samantha Milde, Kent C Lemaster, Stephanie Frisbee, J Kevin Shoemaker, Dwayne N Jackson, Jefferson C Frisbee
The increasing prevalence and severity of clinical depression is strongly correlated with vascular disease risk, creating a comorbid condition with poor outcomes, although demonstrating a sexual disparity where females are at lower risk than males for subsequent cardiovascular events. To determine potential mechanisms responsible for this protection against stress/depression-induced vasculopathy in females, we exposed male and female ({plus minus}ovariectomy) rats to the unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) model for 8 weeks and determined depressive symptom severity, vascular reactivity in aortic rings (AR) and ex vivo middle cerebral arteries (MCA), and determined the profile of major metabolites regulating vascular tone...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451463/sexual-harassment-health-care-it-is-youtoo
#3
Susan Ladika
There's no question that sexual harassment-and worse-is common at the country's hospitals, clinics, research labs, and doctor's offices. Health care's gender imbalances create situations that are ripe for abuse: Women make up the majority of the workforce in health care but men still dominate positions of authority.
February 2018: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450921/sexual-minority-adults-a-national-survey-on-depression-religious-fundamentalism-parent-relationship-quality-acceptance
#4
Katie Heiden-Rootes, Ashley Wiegand, Danielle Bono
Sexual minority persons from religious families may experience low acceptance by parents, however, little is known about the relationship of religiosity and parent relationships on mental health into adulthood. This study sought to test a moderated mediation model predicting depression based on religious fundamentalism, parent acceptance, and parent-child relationship quality. Sexual minority adult participants (n = 384) from across the U.S. completed a web-based, anonymous survey. Results found a conditional indirect effect of religious fundamentalism on depression through parent acceptance with the parent-child relationship quality moderating the relationship between parent acceptance and depression...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450662/preconception-counseling-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-diabetes-a-literature-review-of-the-past-10-years
#5
REVIEW
Frances Peterson-Burch, Hiba Abujaradeh, Nicole Charache, Andrea Fischl, Denise Charron-Prochownik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women with diabetes who have unplanned pregnancies and uncontrolled blood sugars are at a higher risk for maternal and fetal morbidities and mortalities. Preconception counseling (PC) has been shown to decrease the risks and improve health outcomes. From 2009 to 2017, the American Diabetes Association has recommended that preconception counseling be given at each clinic visit for all women with diabetes of childbearing age starting at puberty (prior to sexual debut)...
February 15, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450600/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-the-co-occurrence-of-substance-use-and-psychological-distress-a-national-population-based-study-2008-2015
#6
Richard Bränström, John E Pachankis
PURPOSE: Although strong evidence documents the elevated prevalence of both substance use and mental health problems among sexual minorities (i.e., gay, lesbian, and bisexuals), relatively less research has examined whether risk of the co-occurrence of these factors is elevated among sexual minorities compared to heterosexuals. The object of this study was to (1) explore sexual orientation-based differences in substance use, psychological distress, and their co-occurrence in a representative sample in Sweden, and (2) examine if greater exposure to stressors, such as discrimination, victimization/threats, and social isolation, could explain these potential disparities and their co-occurrence...
February 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450102/what-is-known-about-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-latin-american-and-caribbean-mining-contexts-a-systematic-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Jose Wilches-Gutierrez, Patricia Documet
Background: Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) has experienced an unprecedented mining boom since the mid-2000s with unknown effects on sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This study takes the essential first steps of summarizing the available literature regarding SRH in mining contexts in LAC, identifying critical gaps in knowledge, and discussing main implications for future research. Methods: We conducted a scoping review with a systematic search of health literature in four databases, reference lists of selected papers, and citations in Google Scholar...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449879/the-impact-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-on-stigma-among-survivors-of-sexual-violence-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
S M Murray, J Augustinavicius, D Kaysen, D Rao, L K Murray, K Wachter, J Annan, K Falb, P Bolton, J K Bass
Background: Sexual violence is associated with a multitude of poor physical, emotional, and social outcomes. Despite reports of stigma by sexual violence survivors, limited evidence exists on effective strategies to reduce stigma, particularly in conflict-affected settings. We sought to assess the effect of group Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) on stigma and the extent to which stigma might moderate the effectiveness of CPT in treating mental health problems among survivors of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449134/characterizing-sexual-violence-victimization-in-youth-2012-national-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-survey
#9
Melissa T Merrick, Kathleen C Basile, Xinjian Zhang, Sharon G Smith, Marcie-Jo Kresnow
INTRODUCTION: Youth sexual violence victimization is an urgent public health concern that can lead to a variety of health problems and increased risk for victimization during adulthood. Examining the characteristics of early victimization and their association with subsequent victimization during adulthood may help strengthen primary prevention efforts. METHODS: Data are from the 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey. Prevalence estimates were computed in 2017 for rape and made to sexually penetrate, their subtypes, as well as proportions among victims by type of perpetrator...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448907/disclosure-of-sexual-violence-among-girls-and-young-women-aged-13-to-24-years-results-from-the-violence-against-children-surveys-in-nigeria-and-malawi
#10
Kimberly H Nguyen, Howard Kress, Victor Atuchukwu, Dennis Onotu, Mahesh Swaminathan, Obinna Ogbanufe, Wezi Msungama, Steven A Sumner
Understanding factors that are associated with disclosure of sexual violence (SV) is important for the delivery of health services as well as developing strategies for prevention and response. The Violence Against Children Surveys were conducted in Malawi and Nigeria. We examined the prevalence of SV, help-seeking behaviors, and factors associated with disclosure among girls and young women aged 13 to 24. The self-reported prevalence of SV was similar in Nigeria (26%) and Malawi (27%). Among females who experienced SV, approximately one third (37%) in Nigeria and one half (55%) in Malawi ever disclosed their experience of SV...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448906/violence-and-abuse-in-rural-older-women-s-lives-a-life-course-perspective
#11
Karen A Roberto, Brandy Renee McCann
Intimate partner violence in later life includes physical, psychological, sexual, and financial abuse. Although some researchers have investigated how women in long-term violent partnerships cope with abuse, little is known about the history, experiences, and needs of older women who leave abusive relationships. From a feminist, life course perspective, we interviewed 10 women who had left their abusive partners later in life. We used qualitative methods to analyze the data and found four major themes: (a) the women used the past to account for abuse in their relationships later in life, (b) recognizing abuse signaled to the women to fight back and exit the relationship, (c) financial abuse and exploitation affected women's mental and physical health, and (d) rebuilding was especially challenging as the women faced their future alone with financial, physical, or mental health problems...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447621/college-students-use-of-technology-to-communicate-with-romantic-partners-about-sexual-health-issues
#12
Michael Tannebaum
OBJECTIVE: To examine college students' technology-assisted sexual communication perceptions and practices alongside their face-to-face (F-t-F) sexual communication behaviors. PARTICIPANTS: 144 college students at a private university in the Northeast, U.S., completed a survey in October 2016. METHOD: A cross-sectional online survey examined how college students use text messaging and private social media messaging to communicate with romantic partners about sexual health issues...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447618/long-term-impacts-of-college-sexual-assaults-on-women-survivors-educational-and-career-attainments
#13
Sharyn Potter, Rebecca Howard, Sharon Murphy, Mary M Moynihan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the well-documented mental and physical health problems suffered by undergraduate women sexually assaulted while on campus with an exploration of how the trauma impacts a survivor's lifetime education trajectory and career attainment. PARTICIPANTS: In November and December 2015, researchers recruited US participants using an on-line crowdsourcing tool and a Listserv for sexual violence prevention and response professionals. METHODS: Of 316 women who completed initial screening, 89 qualified to complete a Qualtrics survey...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447585/service-seeking-experiences-of-college-aged-sexual-and-intimate-partner-violence-victims-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavioral-disability
#14
Emily M Nichols, Amy Bonomi, Rebecca Kammes, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: To examine mental health service experiences following sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization among college women with a disability. PARTICIPANTS: College women (n = 27, ages 19 to 24) with a disability who experienced at least one SV/IPV occurrence; interviewed July/August 2016. METHODS: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews, with thematic analysis. RESULTS: Women tended to wait several months (or did not seek care at all) following SV/IPV, because they downplayed their experience (e...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447462/exploring-talk-about-sexuality-and-living-gay-social-lives-among-chinese-and-south-asian-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-auckland-new-zealand
#15
Jeffery Adams, Stephen Neville
OBJECTIVE: To identify ways Chinese and South Asian gay and bisexual men living in Auckland talk about issues related to sexuality and experiences of living 'gay social lives.' Results will be available to inform health policy and practice. DESIGN: A qualitative design with individual interviews and thematic analysis was used. Semi-structured digitally recorded interviews were undertaken with 27 Chinese and 17 South Asian gay and bisexual men living in Auckland...
February 15, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447448/gendered-racism-and-the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-black-and-latina-women
#16
Lisa Rosenthal, Marci Lobel
OBJECTIVE: To understand health disparities, it is important to use an intersectional framework that examines unique experiences of oppression faced by particular groups due to their intersecting identities and social positions linked to societal structures. We focus on Black and Latina women and their experiences with 'gendered racism' - unique forms of oppression due to the intersection of race/ethnicity and gender - to foster understanding of disparities between Black and Latina versus White women in sexual and reproductive health outcomes in the U...
February 15, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447366/parent-of-origin-dependent-gene-expression-in-male-and-female-schistosome-parasites
#17
Julien Kincaid-Smith, Marion A L Picard, Céline Cosseau, Jérôme Boissier, Dany Severac, Christoph Grunau, Eve Toulza
Schistosomes are the causative agents of schistosomiasis, a Neglected Tropical Disease affecting over 230 million people worldwide. Additionally to their major impact on human health, they are also models of choice in evolutionary biology. These parasitic flatworms are unique among the common hermaphroditic trematodes as they have separate sexes. This so-called « evolutionary scandal » displays a female heterogametic genetic sex-determination system (ZZ males and ZW females), as well as a pronounced adult sexual dimorphism...
February 12, 2018: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446470/hev-and-hav-seroprevalence-in-men-that-have-sex-with-men-msm-an-update-from-milan-italy
#18
Letizia Greco, Sara Colonia Uceda Renteria, Davide Guarneri, Anna Orlandi, Antonella Zoccoli, Susanna Benardon, Marco Cusini, Giovanna Lunghi
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a feco-orally transmitted pathogen and one of the most common cause of acute hepatitis worldwide. Recent studies in developed countries suggested that a direct human-to-human contact such as for sexually transmitted diseases may play a significant role in the HEV spread. The aim of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of HEV and HAV in a group of MSM, including subjects HIV and Treponema infected, in Milan, Italy. The overall anti HEV IgG seroprevalence in MSM was 10.2% (65/636), instead in the control group the detection rate was 5...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444802/building-support-for-adolescent-sexuality-and-reproductive-health-education-and-responding-to-resistance-in-conservative-contexts-cases-from-pakistan
#19
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Marina Plesons, Sheena Hadi, Qadeer Baig, Iliana Lang
BACKGROUND: Despite international recommendations and supportive evidence, there are few examples of scaled-up and sustained programs to provide adolescents with sexuality education. Moreover, despite acknowledgment that building community support and responding to resistance are key challenges, there is a lack of detailed discussion on specific programmatic strategies to address these issues. OBJECTIVES: This article reviews the work of 2 organizations-Aahung and Rutgers Pakistan-that are successfully implementing large-scale sexuality education programs in Pakistan, collectively reaching more than 500,000 students...
February 13, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444781/do-quality-improvement-initiatives-for-diabetes-care-address-social-inequities-secondary-analysis-of-a-systematic-review
#20
Jacquie Boyang Lu, Kristin J Danko, Michael D Elfassy, Vivian Welch, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Socially disadvantaged populations carry a disproportionate burden of diabetes-related morbidity and mortality. There is an emerging interest in quality improvement (QI) strategies in the care of patients with diabetes, however, the effect of these interventions on disadvantaged groups remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This is a secondary analysis of a systematic review that seeks to examine the extent of equity considerations in diabetes QI studies, specifically quantifying the proportion of studies that target interventions toward disadvantaged populations and conduct analyses on the impact of interventions on disadvantaged groups...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
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