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Peter Bakalár, Martin Zvonar, Jaromir Sedlacek, Rut Lenkova, Peter Sagat, Lubos Vojtasko, Erika Liptakova, Miroslava Barcalova
Introduction: There is currently a strong scientific evidence about the negative health consequences of physical inactivity. One of the potential tools for promoting physical activity at the institutional level of the Ecological model is to create conditions and settings that would enable pupils, students and employees engage in some form of physical activity. However, physical activities as a subject are being eliminated from the study programs at Slovak universities. The purpose of the study was to find current evidence about the level of structured physical activity and health-related variables in university students in Košice...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Janette Rose, Chris Bearman, Jillian Dorrian
Situation awareness (SA) is an important component of an individual's ability to function in a complex environment. As such, it is essential to have effective measures of an individual's SA. The most widely used subjective measure of SA is the Situation Awareness Rating Technique [SART]. However, SART has been criticised for not predicting performance or objective SA, and being highly correlated with workload. This paper describes the development and testing of a new subjective measure of SA, the Low-Event Task Subjective Situation Awareness (LETSSA) measure...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Andreas Gregoriades, Alistair Sutcliffe
Situation awareness (SA) constitutes a critical factor in road safety, strongly related to accidents. This paper describes the evaluation of a proposed SA enhancement system (SAES) that exploits augmented reality through a head-up display (HUD). Two SAES designs were evaluation (information rich vs. minimal information) using a custom-made simulator and the Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique with performance and EEG measures. The paper describes the process of assessing the SA of drivers using the SAES, through a series of experiments with participants in a Cave Automatic Virtual Environment...
February 7, 2018: Ergonomics
A Parush, G Mastoras, A Bhandari, K Momtahan, K Day, B Weitzman, B Sohmer, A Cwinn, S J Hamstra, L Calder
Effective teamwork in ED resuscitations, including information sharing and situational awareness, could be degraded. Technological cognitive aids can facilitate effective teamwork. OBJECTIVE: This study focused on the design of an ED situation display and pilot test its influence on teamwork and situational awareness during simulated resuscitation scenarios. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The display design consisted of a central area showing the critical dynamic parameters of the interventions with an events time-line below it...
December 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Alfredo Lee Chang, Andrew A Dym, Carla Venegas-Borsellino, Maneesha Bangar, Massoud Kazzi, Dmitry Lisenenkov, Nida Qadir, Adam Keene, Lewis Ari Eisen
RATIONALE: Situation awareness has been defined as the perception of the elements in the environment within volumes of time and space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status in the near future. Intensivists often make time-sensitive critical decisions, and loss of situation awareness can lead to errors. It has been shown that simulation-based training is superior to lecture-based training for some critical scenarios. Because the methods of training to improve situation awareness have not been well studied in the medical field, we compared the impact of simulation vs...
April 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Aimee K Gardner, Matthew Kosemund, Joseph Martinez
INTRODUCTION: Situational awareness (SA) describes a team's ability to perceive environmental elements, comprehend their meaning, and anticipate future events. Although SA is consistently described as a critical competency among surgical teams, there is a dearth of research identifying efficacious methods to assess and develop SA in such settings. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of implementing an objective tool that has been used to measure SA in other intense and dynamic environments -the Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique (SAGAT)-and to examine its ability to predict surgical trainee team performance...
February 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Muhammet Rasit Sayin, Murat Altuntas, Ziyaeddin Aktop, Ibrahim I Oz, Nesimi Yavuz, Ibrahim Akpinar, Erol Sagatli, Turgut Karabag, Mustafa Aydin
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a disease with increasing prevalence, which is mainly characterized by increased cardiopulmonary mortality and morbidity. It is well-known that OSAS patients have increased prevalence of cardiovascular diseases including coronary heart disease, heart failure, and arrhythmias. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of prolonged and fragmented QRS complexes, which have previously been associated with cardiovascular mortality, in OSAS patients...
August 20, 2015: Chinese Medical Journal
Christiano Robles Rodrigues Alves, Marcello Tadeu Caetano Borelli, Vitor de Salles Paineli, Rafael de Almeida Azevedo, Claudia Cristine Gomes Borelli, Antônio Herbert Lancha Junior, Bruno Gualano, Guilherme Giannini Artioli
The current investigation aimed to develop a valid specific field test to evaluate anaerobic physical performance in Aerobic Gymnastics athletes. We first designed the Specific Aerobic Gymnast Anaerobic Test (SAGAT), which included gymnastics-specific elements performed in maximal repeated sprint fashion, with a total duration of 80-90 s. In order to validate the SAGAT, three independent sub-studies were performed to evaluate the concurrent validity (Study I, n=8), the reliability (Study II, n=10) and the sensitivity (Study III, n=30) of the test in elite female athletes...
2015: PloS One
Shayne Loft, Vanessa Bowden, Janelle Braithwaite, Daniel B Morrell, Samuel Huf, Francis T Durso
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether the Situation Present Assessment Method (SPAM) and the Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique (SAGAT) predict incremental variance in performance on a simulated submarine track management task and to measure the potential disruptive effect of these situation awareness (SA) measures. BACKGROUND: Submarine track managers use various displays to localize and track contacts detected by own-ship sensors...
March 2015: Human Factors
Michael S Crozier, Heather Y Ting, Darrell C Boone, Noel B O'Regan, Nathalie Bandrauk, Andrew Furey, Cynthia Squires, Joanne Hapgood, Michael P Hogan
OBJECTIVE: Situation awareness (SA) is a vital construct for decision making in intense, dynamic environments such as trauma resuscitation. Human patient simulation (HPS) allows for a safe environment where individuals can develop these skills. Trauma resuscitation is performed by multidisciplinary teams that are traditionally difficult to globally assess. Our objective was to create and validate a novel tool to measure SA in multidisciplinary trauma teams using a HPS--the Team Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique (TSAGAT)...
January 2015: Journal of Surgical Education
Shuang Liu, Xiaoru Wanyan, Damin Zhuang
To predict changes of situation awareness (SA) for pilot operating with different display interfaces and tasks, a qualitative analysis and quantitative calculation joint SA model was proposed. Based on the situational awareness model according to the attention allocation built previously, the pilot cognitive process for the situation elements was analyzed according to the ACT-R (Adaptive Control of Thought, Rational) theory, which explained how the SA was produced. To verify the validity of this model, 28 subjects performed an instrument supervision task under different experiment conditions...
2014: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
Pamela Morgan, Deborah Tregunno, Ryan Brydges, Richard Pittini, Jordan Tarshis, Matt Kurrek, Susan DeSousa, Agnes Ryzynski
Evidence suggests that breakdowns in communication and a lack of situation awareness contribute to poor performance of medical teams. In this pilot study, three interprofessional obstetrical teams determined the feasibility of using the situation awareness global assessment technique (SAGAT) during simulated critical event management of three obstetrical scenarios. After each scenario, teams were asked to complete questionnaires assessing their opinion of how their performance was affected by the introduction of questions during a SAGAT stop...
January 2015: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Alexandra Stratton, Andrew Furey, Micheal Hogan
OBJECTIVES: Situational awareness (SA) refers to the perception of elements in one's environment, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status in the near future. The SA global assessment technique (SAGAT) is an assessment tool validated for use in a trauma simulation. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of sleep deprivation on residents' performance in a trauma simulation, evaluated by the SAGAT. METHODS: A power analysis determined that 9 residents would be needed to show a significant difference in SAGAT scores (7%)...
July 2014: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Fiona Bogossian, Simon Cooper, Robyn Cant, Alison Beauchamp, Joanne Porter, Victoria Kain, Tracey Bucknall, Nicole M Phillips
BACKGROUND: Early recognition and situation awareness of sudden patient deterioration, a timely appropriate clinical response, and teamwork are critical to patient outcomes. High fidelity simulated environments provide the opportunity for undergraduate nursing students to develop and refine recognition and response skills. OBJECTIVES: This paper reports the quantitative findings of the first phase of a larger program of ongoing research: Feedback Incorporating Review and Simulation Techniques to Act on Clinical Trends (FIRST2ACTTM)...
May 2014: Nurse Education Today
M Hänsel, A M Winkelmann, F Hardt, W Gijselaers, W Hacker, M Stiehl, T Koch, M P Müller
BACKGROUND: We developed a 1.5 days crew resource management (CRM) course on situation awareness (SA) to improve the participants' ability to recognise critical situations in crisis scenarios. Objective of the study was to evaluate the influence of the CRM course on SA and medical performance in crisis scenarios and to compare the results with the effects of a purely clinical simulator training. METHODS: Sixty-one final-year medical students, randomized into three groups, took part in a pre-intervention test scenario of septic shock in a patient simulator setting...
August 2012: Minerva Anestesiologica
P Valentík, Ic Omeje, R Poruban, M Sagát, M Nosál
OBJECTIVES: To present by illustration the surgical options in neonatal PDA closure with emphasis on clip application. METHODS: Photo/video-documentation of surgical closure of PDA in a neonate by clip application coupled with free-hand drawings showing PDA closure by ligation and division. Review of 38 neonates undergoing surgical PDA closure in our institution between 1998 and 2006. RESULTS: Overall survival following surgery was 100%. There was one case of residual PDA and three postoperative complications - 2 cases of pneumothorax and one chylothorax...
April 2007: Images in Paediatric Cardiology
Ic Omeje, R Poruban, M Sagát, M Nosál, V Hraška
Coarctation of the aorta accounts for about 8% of all congenital heart diseases. Since the first successful case of surgical treatment in 1944 by Crafoord and Nylin1 in Sweden, several surgical techniques have been employed in the treatment of this anomaly. Here, we review by illustration the various surgical options in coarctation of the aorta with emphasis on our preferred technique - the extended resection and end-to-end anastomosis. Why the extended resection technique? Our experience - and that of other institutions - has shown that this is a better option in childhood as it is associated with a lesser degree of recoarctation and subsequent need for re-intervention...
April 2004: Images in Paediatric Cardiology
Matej Nosál', Rudolf Poruban, Pavel Valentík, Michal Šagát, Aref Seif Nagi, Andrea Kántorová
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate our initial experience with aortic valve repair using polytetraflouroethylene (PTFE) leaflet extensions in congenital valvular disease. METHODS: From October 2008 through February 2011, 13 patients underwent aortic valvuloplasty by PTFE leaflet extensions. All valves were repaired in a tri-leaflet configuration using PTFE leaflet extensions. The median age at operation was 14 years (1.8-19.7 years) and the median weight was 58 kg (9...
June 2012: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Giray Sagat, Serdar Yalcin, B Alper Gultekin, Eitan Mijiritsky
PURPOSE: This finite element analysis was conducted to determine changes in stress concentration in relation to different alveolar arch shapes of the maxilla. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five different maxillary alveolar arch shape measurements coded as shortest ellipsoid shape and medium width, longest ellipsoid shape and narrow, U-shaped long and narrow, U-shaped short and wide, and U-shaped medium length and medium width were obtained, and 5 different implant distribution strategies coded on the basis of a tooth number as 3,4,5; 2,3,4; 1,3,5; and 2,4,5 (total of 6 implants) and 2,3,4,5 (total of 8 implants) were plotted in each of the 5 maxillary arch models...
December 2010: Implant Dentistry
M Nosal, P Valentik, A Kantorova, A S Nagi, M Sagat, R Poruban
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to analyze the factors affecting the intermediate outcome following the Fontan procedure in the current era. METHODS: Between January 1992 and December 2008, 189 patients underwent Fontan procedure at a median age of 3.4 years (0.4-37 years). Single left ventricle was present in 77 (40%) patients, right ventricle in 70 (37%), in 7 (3.7%) patients, the ventricular morphology was indetermined and in 35 (18.5%) a dominant systemic ventricle with smaller second ventricle was present...
2010: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
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