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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148607/the-art-of-oral-handovers-a-participant-observational-study-by-undergraduate-students-in-a-hospital-setting
#1
Tove Giske, Sunniva Nese Melås, Kari Anne Einarsen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study explores the conditions for oral handovers between shifts in a hospital setting, and how these impact patient safety and quality of care. BACKGROUND: Oral handovers transfer patient information and nursing responsibilities between shifts. Short written summaries of patients can complement an oral handover. How to find the balance between a standardised protocol for handovers and tailoring variations to specific patients and situations is debated in the literature...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146989/pain-dilates-time-perception
#2
Amandine E Rey, George A Michael, Corina Dondas, Marvin Thar, Luis Garcia-Larrea, Stéphanie Mazza
We have all experienced that time seems stretched during unpleasant situations. While there is evidence of subjective time overestimation when perceiving external unpleasant stimuli, no study has measured the dilation of time when individuals experience an unpleasant situation in their own body. Here we measured the time dilation induced by a painful homeostatic deviance using temporal bisection task. We show that being in pain leads to an expansion of subjective time whereby a stronger increase in pain perception relative to non-painful stimulation leads to a stronger time-estimate distortion...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143268/skin-cancer-awareness-and-sun-protection-behavior-before-and-following-treatment-among-skin-cancer-treated-patients
#3
Robabeh Abedini, Maryam Nasimi, Pedram Nourmohammad Pour, Ifa Etesami, Safa Al-Asiri, Hamid Reza Tohidinik
There is little known about illness perception in patients with skin tumors. We conducted this study to investigate Iranian patients' understanding of skin tumors, and to evaluate their sun-protective behavior changes after treatment of skin cancer. Patients with a skin biopsy of basal cell carcinoma were asked to complete questionnaires. A total of 110 patients were enrolled in the study. Patients were mostly referred to our tumor clinic from rural areas. At the skin cancer perception investigation, 63% of patients did not consider their disease as a long-lasting situation...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143074/-additional-emergency-medical-measures-in-trauma-associated-cardiac-arrest
#4
B Ondruschka, C Baier, J Dreßler, A Höch, M Bernhard, C Kleber, C Buschmann
INTRODUCTION: More than half of all traumatic deaths happen in prehospital settings. Until now, there have been no long-term studies examining the actual additive treatment during trauma-associated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (tCPR), including pleural decompression, pericardiocentesis, tourniquets and external stabilization of the pelvis. The present cohort study evaluated forensic autopsy reports of trauma deaths occurring at the scene with respect to additive actions in preclinical tCPR as well as the potentially preventable nature of the individual death cases...
November 15, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141032/a-qualitative-exploration-of-malaria-operational-research-situation-in-nigeria
#5
IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Maduka D Ughasoro, Akintayo Ogunwale, Oluwaseun Odeyinka, Obafemi Babalola, Salami Sharafadeen, Al-Mukhtar Y Adamu, Olufemi Ajumobi, Taiwo Orimogunje, Patrick Nguku
BACKGROUND: Malaria, remains one of the leading causes of high morbidity and mortality in Nigeria despite implementation of several public health interventions for its control. Operational limitations and methodological gaps have been associated with malaria control interventions and research, and these have necessitated the need for a well-tailored Malaria Operational Research (MOR) agenda. However, there is paucity of evidence-based information on relevant stakeholders' experience, awareness, perceptions and use of MOR and suggestions on setting MOR agenda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140281/non-contact-sensor-for-long-term-continuous-vital-signs-monitoring-a-review-on-intelligent-phased-array-doppler-sensor-design
#6
REVIEW
Travis Hall, Donald Y C Lie, Tam Q Nguyen, Jill C Mayeda, Paul E Lie, Jerry Lopez, Ron E Banister
It has been the dream of many scientists and engineers to realize a non-contact remote sensing system that can perform continuous, accurate and long-term monitoring of human vital signs as we have seen in many Sci-Fi movies. Having an intelligible sensor system that can measure and record key vital signs (such as heart rates and respiration rates) remotely and continuously without touching the patients, for example, can be an invaluable tool for physicians who need to make rapid life-and-death decisions. Such a sensor system can also effectively help physicians and patients making better informed decisions when patients' long-term vital signs data is available...
November 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136017/practices-in-security-and-confidentiality-of-hiv-aids-patients-information-a-national-survey-among-staff-at-hiv-outpatient-clinics-in-vietnam
#7
Nguyen Khac Hai, Saranath Lawpoolsri, Podjanee Jittamala, Phan Thi Thu Huong, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
INTRODUCTION: Breach of confidentiality or invasion of privacy from the collection and use of medical records, particularly those of patients with HIV/AIDS or other diseases sensitive to stigmatization, should be prevented by all related stakeholders in healthcare settings. The main focus of this study was to assess practices regarding security and confidentiality of HIV-related information among staff at HIV outpatient clinics (HIV-OPCs) in Vietnam. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at all 312 HIV-OPCs across the country using an online survey technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135952/integrated-pest-management-of-coffee-berry-borer-in-hawaii-and-puerto-rico-current-status-and-prospects
#8
Luis F Aristizábal, Melissa Johnson, Suzanne Shriner, Robert Hollingsworth, Nicholas C Manoukis, Roxana Myers, Paul Bayman, Steven P Arthurs
The coffee berry borer (CBB), Hypothenemus hampei, is the most significant insect pest of coffee worldwide. Since CBB was detected in Puerto Rico in 2007 and Hawaii in 2010, coffee growers from these islands are facing increased costs, reduced coffee quality, and increased pest management challenges. Here, we outline the CBB situation, and summarize the findings of growers, researchers, and extension professionals working with CBB in Hawaii. Recommendations for the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program for CBB in Hawaiian Islands and Puerto Rico include: (1) establish a CBB monitoring program, (2) synchronize applications of insecticides with peak flight activity of CBB especially during the early coffee season, (3) conduct efficient strip-picking as soon as possible after harvest and perform pre-harvest sanitation picks in CBB hotspots if needed, (4) establish protocols to prevent the escape of CBB from processing areas and when transporting berries during harvest, and (5) stump prune by blocks...
November 14, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134821/navigating-unintelligibility-queer-australian-young-women-s-negotiations-of-safe-sex-and-risk
#9
Ruby Grant, Meredith Nash
Australian public health promotion positions safe sex as a biomedical, heteronormative concept. Consequently, there is a dearth of scholarly research examining queer young women's sexual health. To fill this knowledge gap, this article considers how Australian bisexual and queer young women understand 'safe sex' and conceptualise 'good' sexual citizenship. Drawing on qualitative interviews with 15 participants in Tasmania, findings reveal that although queer women understand heterosexual safe sex, there is little awareness of safer sexual practices with female partners...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133291/watcher-initiative-associated-with-decrease-in-failure-to-rescue-events-in-pediatric-population
#10
Melanie McClain Smith, Maryanne Chumpia, Lindsey Wargo, Julie Nicol, Mark Bugnitz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Improved situation awareness may prevent unplanned ICU transfers. Transfers with serious safety issues may be classified as unrecognized situation awareness failure events (UNSAFE) and are associated with intubation, vasopressors, or >3 fluid boluses within 1 hour before or after ICU arrival. Our aim was to decrease the proportion of unplanned ICU transfers that met UNSAFE criteria by 50% in 1 year. METHODS: We adapted a previously described huddle-based intervention...
November 13, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132646/should-they-stay-or-should-they-go-now-exploring-the-impact-of-team-familiarity-on-interprofessional-team-training-outcomes
#11
Kavita Joshi, Jessica Hernandez, Joseph Martinez, Kareem AbdelFattah, Aimee K Gardner
INTRODUCTION: Although simulation is an effective method for enhancing team competencies, it is unclear how team familiarity impacts this process. We examined how team familiarity impacted team competencies. METHODS: Trainees were assigned to stable or dynamic teams to participate in three simulated cases. Situation awareness (SA) data was collected through in-scenario freezes. The recorded performances were assessed for clinical effectiveness (ClinEff) and teamwork...
November 4, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132373/understanding-malaria-treatment-seeking-preferences-within-the-public-sector-amongst-mobile-migrant-workers-in-a-malaria-elimination-scenario-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Aung Ye Naung Win, Thae Maung Maung, Khin Thet Wai, Tin Oo, Aung Thi, Rungrawee Tipmontree, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Mondha Kengganpanich, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
BACKGROUND: Migration flows and the emerging resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapy in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) create programmatic challenges to meeting the AD 2030 malaria elimination target in Myanmar. The National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) targeted migrant workers based mainly on the stability of their worksites (categories 1: permanent work-setting; categories 2 and 3: less stable work-settings). This study aims to assess the migration patterns, malaria treatment-seeking preferences, and challenges encountered by mobile/migrant workers at remote sites in a malaria-elimination setting...
November 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132260/the-psychological-and-social-consequences-of-single-sided-deafness-in-adulthood
#13
Laura Lucas, Roulla Katiri, Pádraig Thomas Kitterick
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the subjective psychological and social effects of highly asymmetric hearing loss (single-sided deafness [SSD]) in adults. DESIGN: Three group interviews were conducted using the critical incident technique and analysed using an inductive thematic analysis. STUDY SAMPLE: Eight adults with a clinical diagnosis of a moderately severe hearing loss or greater in one ear and normal or near-normal hearing in the other ear...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126452/high-performing-trauma-teams-frequency-of-behavioral-markers-of-a-shared-mental-model-displayed-by-team-leaders-and-quality-of-medical-performance
#14
Bjørn Helge Johnsen, Heidi Kristina Westli, Roar Espevik, Torben Wisborg, Guttorm Brattebø
BACKGROUND: High quality team leadership is important for the outcome of medical emergencies. However, the behavioral marker of leadership are not well defined. The present study investigated frequency of behavioral markers of shared mental models (SMM) on quality of medical management. METHOD: Training video recordings of 27 trauma teams simulating emergencies were analyzed according to team -leader's frequency of shared mental model behavioral markers. RESULTS: The results showed a positive correlation of quality of medical management with leaders sharing information without an explicit demand for the information ("push" of information) and with leaders communicating their situational awareness (SA) and demonstrating implicit supporting behavior...
November 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126444/expectations-towards-participation-in-easily-accessible-pain-management-interventions-a-qualitative-study
#15
Torunn Hatlen Nøst, Aslak Steinsbekk, Liv Riseth, Ola Bratås, Kjersti Grønning
BACKGROUND: People with chronic pain use a range of healthcare services, but they also report a high degree of dissatisfaction with treatments. One reason for dissatisfaction might be participants' expectations towards treatments. The aim of this study was to explore expectations of people with chronic pain towards participation in easily accessible pain management interventions delivered in public primary care. METHODS: A qualitative study using semi-structured individual face-to-face interviews with 21 informants...
November 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125081/-metformin-associated-lactic-acidosis-an-insufficiently-recognised-problem
#16
M Manders, M van Luin, C Kramers, F H Bosch
Metformin-associated lactic acidosis (MALA) is a rare but potentially fatal condition that can easily be avoided. As metformin is known to facilitate the production of lactate, predisposing factors can accelerate this process. In situations of infection or dehydration, metformin can accumulate due to kidney failure, hereby increasing the risk of MALA. Despite controversy in the literature about the presence of a relationship between metformin and lactic acidosis, the severity of the condition is cause for concern and allows for preventive measurements...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124287/medial-stabilized-and-posterior-stabilized-tka-affect-patellofemoral-kinematics-and-retropatellar-pressure-distribution-differently
#17
Alexander Glogaza, Christian Schröder, Matthias Woiczinski, Peter Müller, Volkmar Jansson, Arnd Steinbrück
PURPOSE: Patellofemoral kinematics and retropatellar pressure distribution change after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It was hypothesized that different TKA designs will show altered retropatellar pressure distribution patterns and different patellofemoral kinematics according to their design characteristics. METHODS: Twelve fresh-frozen knee specimens were tested dynamically in a knee rig. Each specimen was measured native, after TKA with a posterior stabilized design (PS) and after TKA with a medial stabilized design (MS)...
November 9, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122198/effect-of-police-mobile-computer-terminal-interface-design-on-officer-driving-distraction
#18
Maryam Zahabi, David Kaber
Several crash reports have identified in-vehicle distraction to be a primary cause of emergency vehicle crashes especially in law enforcement. Furthermore, studies have found that mobile computer terminals (MCTs) are the most frequently used in-vehicle technology for police officers. Twenty police officers participated in a driving simulator-based assessment of visual behavior, performance, workload and situation awareness with current and enhanced MCT interface designs. In general, results revealed MCT use while driving to decrease officer visual attention to the roadway, but usability improvements can reduce the level of visual distraction and secondary-task completion time...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119410/africanizing-science-in-post-colonial-kenya-long-term-field-research-in-the-amboseli-ecosystem-1963-1989
#19
Amanda E Lewis
Following Kenya's independence in 1963, scientists converged on an ecologically sensitive area in southern Kenya on the northern slope of Mt. Kilimanjaro called Amboseli. This region is the homeland of the Ilkisongo Maasai who grazed this ecosystem along with the wildlife of interest to the scientists. Biologists saw opportunities to study this complex community, an environment rich in biological diversity. The Amboseli landscape proved to be fertile ground for testing new methods and lines of inquiry in the biological sciences that were generalizable and important for shaping natural resource management policies in Kenya...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118950/quality-of-surgical-scrub-in-a-heart-hospital-do-not-take-it-for-granted
#20
Leila Abdollahi, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Ahmadreza Jodati, Naser Safaie, Mohammad Moradi-Joo, Amin Daemi
Introduction: The role of scrub in the prevention of post-surgery infections is well-known. This study aimed to investigate the inputs and process of surgical scrub in operating rooms of the largest heart hospital of northwest Iran. Methods: This study took place with a before-after design as a clinical audit in 2014. A check list developed based on national and international standards of surgical hand scrub was used as the study instrument. Checklists were completed by observation of surgical team scrubbing in real situation...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
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