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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643900/exploring-perspectives-of-young-onset-dementia-caregivers-with-high-versus-low-unmet-needs
#1
Joany K Millenaar, Christian Bakker, Deliane van Vliet, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Alexander Kurz, Frans R J Verhey, Marjolein E de Vugt
BACKGROUND: This study is part of the Research to Assess Policies and Strategies for Dementia in the Young project. Information about specific needs in young onset dementia (YOD) will provide the basis for the development of an e-health intervention to assist caregivers in coping with YOD in several European countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the issues caregivers of people with YOD face. METHODS: A qualitative content analysis method was used to analyse interviews with YOD caregivers...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639344/intensive-care-nurses-experiences-of-caring-for-obese-intensive-care-patients-a-hermeneutic-study
#2
Nastasja Robstad, Ulrika Söderhamn, Liv Fegran
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To obtain a deeper understanding of qualified intensive care nurses' experiences of caring for obese patients in intensive care. BACKGROUND: Admission of obese patients with complex health care needs to intensive care units is increasing. Caring for obese critically ill patients can be challenging and demanding for the intensive care nurse because of the patients' weight, critical situation, and physical challenges. There is a gap in knowledge at present about qualified intensive care nurses' experiences of caring for obese patients in intensive care units...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638516/a-professionalism-curricular-model-to-promote-transformative-learning-among-residents
#3
Cecile M Foshee, Ali Mehdi, S Beth Bierer, Elias I Traboulsi, J Harry Isaacson, Abby Spencer, Cassandra Calabrese, Brian B Burkey
BACKGROUND: Using the frameworks of transformational learning and situated learning theory, we developed a technology-enhanced professionalism curricular model to build a learning community aimed at promoting residents' self-reflection and self-awareness. The RAPR model had 4 components: (1) Recognize: elicit awareness; (2) Appreciate: question assumptions and take multiple perspectives; (3) Practice: try new/changed perspectives; and (4) Reflect: articulate implications of transformed views on future actions...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637091/nurse-managers-determinants-and-behaviours-in-relation-to-patient-and-visitor-aggression-in-general-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#4
Birgit Heckemann, Karin A Peter, Ruud Jg Halfens, Jos Mga Schols, Gerjo Kok, Sabine Hahn
AIM: 'To explore nurse managers' behaviours, attitudes, perceived social norms and behavioural control in the prevention and management of patient and visitor aggression in general hospitals. BACKGROUND: Patient and visitor aggression in general hospitals is a global problem that incurs substantial human suffering and organizational cost. Managers are key persons for creating low-aggression environments, yet their role and behaviour in reducing patient and visitor aggression remains unexplored...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635574/-it-is-all-about-the-form-adrenaline-in-anaphylaxis-intravenous-or-intramuscular-administration
#5
M van der Have, D Dekker, E M J Theunissen, C Snijders, K A H Kaasjager
BACKGROUND: Medication errors are a frequent problem in the accident and emergency (A&E) department. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 17-year-old boy was referred to our A&E department with an anaphylactic reaction to peanuts. Because of various shortcomings in the care process in A&E, adrenaline was administered intravenously instead of intramuscularly, resulting in a broad complex tachycardia. We analysed these shortcomings using the 'Prevention and recovery information system for monitoring and analysis' (PRISMA) method...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632242/exploring-gender-differences-in-self-reported-physical-activity-and-health-among-older-caregivers
#6
Colleen A Cuthbert, Kathryn King-Shier, Dianne Tapp, Dean Ruether, S Nicole Culos-Reed
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To document self-reported physical health and activity levels of older caregivers. Gender differences in physical health, physical activity levels, and predictors of physical activity were also examined.
. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 130 caregivers aged 60 years or older caring for individuals with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#7
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628149/-present-situation-of-awareness-of-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-aids-knowledge-and-aids-related-behaviors-among-youth-students-in-gay-dating-sites
#8
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the awareness of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) knowledge and AIDS-related behaviors among youth students in gay dating sites, and to provide evidences for AIDS prevention education through the internet. METHODS: The students in gay dating sites, selected by a snowball sampling, were interviewed by questionnaires. Chi-square tests were used to analyze the awareness of AIDS knowledge among the students of different characteristics...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628146/-influence-of-awareness-on-the-behaviors-of-chinese-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus
#9
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of awareness on the behaviors of Chinese adults with diabetes mellitus, so as to provide scientific evidence for developing relevant policies and strategies in the prevention and control of diabetes. METHODS: Data from the 2013 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance were used, covering 297 surveillance counties (districts). The variables involved in this cross-sectional study included: the prevalence of diabetes, the awareness situation, demographic characteristics, behaviors, and other information...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625197/do-not-confuse-multidisciplinary-task-management-in-nursing-homes-with-interprofessional-care
#10
Giannoula Tsakitzidis, Sibyl Anthierens, Olaf Timmermans, Steven Truijen, Herman Meulemans, Paul Van Royen
Problem statement Little is known about how interprofessional healthcare providers in nursing homes work together. We know that interprofessional teamwork evolves from trial and error learning and so interprofessional collaboration has to be actively taught. This study aims to gain insights in the perception of professionals towards interprofessional collaboration in nursing homes and the factors that have an impact on interprofessional collaboration. Approach A qualitative descriptive methodology using focus group interviews and additional semi-structured interviews was performed...
June 19, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618912/hypertension-overly-important-but-under-controlled
#11
Monique Eam van Kleef, Wilko Spiering
Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and death. Despite increased knowledge of its importance in cardiovascular disease, the worldwide prevalence is still increasing and there is considerable scope for improvement of awareness, treatment and control. In this review, five major issues in hypertension management in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease will be outlined. The first two issues will address hypertension diagnosis: out-of-office blood pressure measurements and the detection of secondary hypertension...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618054/ethics-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-aged-care
#12
Catherine Cook, Vanessa Schouten, Mark Henrickson, Sandra Mcdonald
AIM: To analyse the accounts of staff, family and residents in order to advance ethical insights into intimacy and sexuality in residential care. BACKGROUND: Discourses of ageing readily construct people in residential aged care as post-sexual, vulnerable and at risk of sexual exploitation and therefore expressions of intimacy and sexuality may be responded to as deviant and inherently risky. Staff may manage decision-making tacitly, without recourse to policies and education...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617652/a-comparative-evaluation-of-in-vehicle-side-view-displays-layouts-in-critical-lane-changing-situation
#13
Donghyun Beck, Minho Lee, Woojin Park
This study conducted a driving simulator experiment to comparatively evaluate three in-vehicle side-view displays layouts for camera monitor systems (CMS) and the traditional side-view mirror arrangement. The three layouts placed two electronic side-view displays near the traditional mirrors positions, on the dashboard at each side of the steering wheel and on the centre fascia with the two displays joined side-by-side, respectively. Twenty-two participants performed a time- and safety-critical driving task that required rapidly gaining situation awareness through the side-view displays/mirrors and making a lane change to avoid collision...
June 15, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617263/vaccine-hesitancy-parental-professional-and-public-responsibility
#14
Maria Luisa Di Pietro, Andrea Poscia, Adele Anna Teleman, Davide Maged, Walter Ricciardi
The opposition to vaccinations is a well-known phenomenon that dates back to the Victorian age when it was self-limited by the awareness of the importance to be protected against fearsome infectious diseases. In the XX century, the mass use of vaccination has - instead - consented to eradicate or drastically reduce the burden of diseases such as smallpox and polio. These positive effects of the vaccination campaigns have blurred out, if not erased, the memory of the tragic consequences of the past's widespread diseases, leading people to underestimate the severity of the harm that vaccinations prevent...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616160/cardiopulmonary-arrest-in-primary-care-clinics-more-holes-than-cheese-a-survey-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-care-physicians-regarding-resuscitation
#15
Sharon Einav, Oren Wacht, Nechama Kaufman, Eliezer Alkalay
BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing pre-arrest symptoms may first refer to their primary care physician. The study's aim was to determine the likelihood that a patient undergoing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest will receive appropriate resuscitation efforts in a primary care clinic in a country with a directive that clinics maintain resuscitation equipment and physicians undergo periodic resuscitation training. METHODS: An anonymous, 23-question online cross-sectional survey was created and administered to primary care physicians working in community clinics (10/1/2015-5/3/2015)...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614464/assessment-of-current-occupational-safety-and-health-regulations-and-legislation-in-the-caribbean
#16
Muge Akpinar-Elci, MyNgoc Nguyen, Marvin Randall, Satesh Bidaisee, Omur Elci, Olaniyi Olayinka, Julieta Rodriguez Guzman
Neglecting occupational safety and health (OSH) can have adverse and even deadly consequences. While OSH is important in any nation, the issue is particularly concerning in developing countries, including ones in the Caribbean. The purpose of this study, which was carried out in 2012 and 2013, was to examine the reasons for an apparent fundamental lack of awareness of OSH in the Caribbean. We conducted a descriptive study, in which a questionnaire was administered, via telephone, to key policy-making representatives from six English-speaking Caribbean nations, in order to assess the current OSH environment in their countries...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611703/-you-should-have-seen-the-look-on-your-face%C3%A2-self-awareness-of-facial-expressions
#17
Fangbing Qu, Wen-Jing Yan, Yu-Hsin Chen, Kaiyun Li, Hui Zhang, Xiaolan Fu
The awareness of facial expressions allows one to better understand, predict, and regulate his/her states to adapt to different social situations. The present research investigated individuals' awareness of their own facial expressions and the influence of the duration and intensity of expressions in two self-reference modalities, a real-time condition and a video-review condition. The participants were instructed to respond as soon as they became aware of any facial movements. The results revealed that awareness rates were 57...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610809/an-evaluation-of-touchscreen-versus-keyboard-mouse-interaction-for-large-screen-process-control-displays
#18
Benjamin Noah, Jingwen Li, Ling Rothrock
The objectives of this study were to test the effect of interaction device on performance in a process control task (managing a tank farm). The study compared the following two conditions: a) 4K-resolution 55" screen with a 21" touchscreen versus b) 4K-resolution 55″ screen with keyboard/mouse. The touchscreen acted both as an interaction device for data entry and navigation and as an additional source of information. A within-subject experiment was conducted among 20 college engineering students. A primary task of preventing tanks from overfilling as well as a secondary task of manual logging with situation awareness questions were designed for the study...
October 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609702/the-effect-of-facial-feedback-on-the-evaluation-of-statements-describing-everyday-situations-and-the-role-of-awareness
#19
Jakob Kaiser, Graham C L Davey
According to theories of embodiment enacting a smile or a frown can positively or negatively influence one's evaluations, even without awareness of one's facial activity. While some previous studies found evidence for facial feedback effects, recent replication attempts could not confirm these findings. Are our decisions throughout the day amenable to the state of our facial muscles? We tested the effect of smiling and frowning on the evaluation of emotional sentences describing everyday situations. While most previous studies based their assessment of awareness on verbal debriefing interviews without explicitly defined criteria, we employed a written debriefing questionnaire in order to avoid potential bias when identifying participants' awareness...
June 10, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608829/providing-a-clean-environment-for-adolescents-evaluation-of-the-tobacco-hazards-prevention-act-in-taiwan
#20
Min-Li Chen, Li-Na Chou, Ya-Cheng Zheng
Cigarette smoking not only damages the health of adolescents, but also contributes to air pollution. The Tobacco Hazards Prevention Act in Taiwan stipulates that cigarettes should not be sold to persons younger than 18 years. Therefore, schools should actively educate students and raise awareness of the Tobacco Hazards Prevention Act to reduce the level of damage to the health of adolescents and maintain good air quality. This study had two main goals: (1) to evaluate the stipulation that no person shall provide tobacco products to persons under the age of 18 and the effects of counseling strategies on store managers confirming customer ages before tobacco sale in southern Taiwan; and (2) to evaluate the situation of tobacco hazard prevention education conducted by school in southern Taiwan...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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