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Situation awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749410/awareness-of-the-risk-of-exposure-to-infectious-material-and-the-behaviors-of-polish-paramedics-with-respect-to-the-hazards-from-blood-borne-pathogens-a-nationwide-study
#1
Anna Garus-Pakowska, Mariusz Górajski, Franciszek Szatko
(1) Background: To determine paramedics' frequency of contact with blood and other body fluids, as well as the analysis of knowledge of paramedics about blood-borne infections, their attitudes to patients infected with blood-borne viruses, and the post-exposure procedures implemented by paramedics; (2) Methods: An anonymous questionnaire among 190 paramedics working in various health care facilities in Poland (adjusted response rate, 76.3%); (3) Results: 78% of paramedics had contact with potentially infectious material at least several times a week...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749407/multi-robot-interfaces-and-operator-situational-awareness-study-of-the-impact-of-immersion-and-prediction
#2
Juan Jesús Roldán, Elena Peña-Tapia, Andrés Martín-Barrio, Miguel A Olivares-Méndez, Jaime Del Cerro, Antonio Barrientos
Multi-robot missions are a challenge for operators in terms of workload and situational awareness. These operators have to receive data from the robots, extract information, understand the situation properly, make decisions, generate the adequate commands, and send them to the robots. The consequences of excessive workload and lack of awareness can vary from inefficiencies to accidents. This work focuses on the study of future operator interfaces of multi-robot systems, taking into account relevant issues such as multimodal interactions, immersive devices, predictive capabilities and adaptive displays...
July 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747237/mental-health-care-utilisation-among-internally-displaced-persons-in-ukraine-results-from-a-nation-wide-survey
#3
B Roberts, N Makhashvili, J Javakhishvili, A Karachevskyy, N Kharchenko, M Shpiker, E Richardson
Aims There are an estimated 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ukraine because of the armed conflict in the east of the country. The aim of this paper is to examine utilisation patterns of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) care among IDPs in Ukraine. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. Data were collected from 2203 adult IDPs throughout Ukraine between March and May 2016. Data on mental health care utilisation were collected, along with outcomes including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747188/transmission-dynamics-of-cholera-in-yemen-2017-a-real-time-forecasting
#4
Hiroshi Nishiura, Shinya Tsuzuki, Baoyin Yuan, Takayuki Yamaguchi, Yusuke Asai
BACKGROUND: A large epidemic of cholera, caused by Vibrio cholerae, serotype Ogawa, has been ongoing in Yemen, 2017. To improve the situation awareness, the present study aimed to forecast the cholera epidemic, explicitly addressing the reporting delay and ascertainment bias. METHODS: Using weekly incidence of suspected cases, updated as a revised epidemic curve every week, the reporting delay was explicitly incorporated into the estimation model. Using the weekly case fatality risk as calculated by the World Health Organization, ascertainment bias was adjusted, enabling us to parameterize the family of logistic curves (i...
July 26, 2017: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745256/-video-recording-and-data-collection-in-the-operating-room-the-way-to-a-just-culture-in-the-or
#5
M P Schijven, D A Legemate, J Legemaate
The Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, has started a trial to evaluate the usefulness to team debriefings of performance reports generated by a medical data recorder (MDR) in the operating room (OR). Outcome performance reports in structured debriefings in a secure, non-punitive environment are likely to heighten the level of situational awareness of OR teams. This may prevent future error. In addition, the use of video and - even more likely - use of an MDR may contribute to establishing a 'just culture' in the OR...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743053/school-staff-members-experience-and-knowledge-in-the-reporting-of-potential-child-and-youth-victimization
#6
Ana M Greco, Georgina Guilera, Noemí Pereda
Victimization has been widely demonstrated to have negative consequences in minors. Most crimes against children go unreported and victims tend to reach adulthood without receiving any of the available specialized support. Studies have highlighted the unique role of school workers in early detection and reporting of possible cases of victimization, and have also found high rates of underreporting by school staff. The present study analyzes the underreporting of child and youth victimization suspicions among school staff and aims to identify variables related to its detection and reporting...
July 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742538/anaphylaxis-and-intimate-behaviour
#7
Gennaro Liccardi, Marco Caminati, Gian Enrico Senna, Luigino Calzetta, Paola Rogliani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intimate behaviours may represent an unusual way of exposure to a culprit allergen, or the frame for sex-related allergies due to triggers typically linked to that situation. The present review aims at summarizing the state of the art about the topic, in order to spread the awareness and the basic know-how in the field of sexual-related allergies. RECENT FINDINGS: Kiss-related IgE-mediated reactions are caused in sensitized partners mainly by the passive transport of allergenic molecules through saliva, skin or oral mucosa...
July 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741743/indoor-air-problems-and-experiences-of-injustice-in-the-workplace-a-quantitative-and-a-qualitative-study
#8
Eerika Finell, Tuija Seppälä
This paper explores subjective injustice experiences of individuals suffering from suspected or observed indoor air problems in their workplaces in two studies. We focus on injustice experiences because they influence how individuals cope with and recover from health problems. The first study reports associations between the perceived harmfulness of the indoor environment (i.e., mould/inadequate ventilation) and subjective injustice experiences in workplaces in a representative sample of Finnish working-aged people (N = 4633)...
July 25, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738046/safety-culture-establishing-processes-to-support-trust-and-accountability-for-risk-reduction-%C3%A2
#9
Tracy Wyant
Oncology nurses are tasked with developing skills that enable vigilant risk surveillance through situational awareness. However, care distractions, task interruptions, increased workloads, and time constraints are common challenges that compete with the ability to provide optimal safe care. A commitment to safety is a professional and organizational expectation, and being empowered to overcome safety-related challenges necessitates multilevel and interprofessional accountability.
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August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732320/do-cyclists-make-better-drivers-associations-between-cycling-experience-and-change-detection-in-road-scenes
#10
Vanessa Beanland, Lisa J Hansen
Efficient processing of visual information is crucial to safe driving. Previous research has demonstrated that driving experience strongly affects attentional allocation, with large differences between novice and experienced drivers. Expanding on this, we explored the influence of non-driving experiences on attentional allocation by comparing drivers with and without cycling experience. Based on situation awareness field studies, we predicted cyclist-drivers would demonstrate superior performance. Participants were 42 experienced drivers (17 female, 25 male) aged 30-50 years (M=39...
July 18, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726738/scheduling-for-emergency-tasks-in-industrial-wireless-sensor-networks
#11
Changqing Xia, Xi Jin, Linghe Kong, Peng Zeng
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are widely applied in industrial manufacturing systems. By means of centralized control, the real-time requirement and reliability can be provided by WSNs in industrial production. Furthermore, many approaches reserve resources for situations in which the controller cannot perform centralized resource allocation. The controller assigns these resources as it becomes aware of when and where accidents have occurred. However, the reserved resources are limited, and such incidents are low-probability events...
July 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720181/computerized-tests-of-team-performance-and-crew-coordination-suitable-for-military-aviation-settings
#12
Ben D Lawson, Thomas W Britt, Amanda M Kelley, Jeremy R Athy, Shauna M Legan
INTRODUCTION: The coordination of team effort on shared tasks is an area of inquiry. A number of tests of team performance in challenging environments have been developed without comparison or standardization. This article provides a systematic review of the most accessible and usable low-to-medium fidelity computerized tests of team performance and determines which are most applicable to military- and aviation-relevant research, such as studies of group command, control, communication, and crew coordination...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719405/clinical-outcomes-1-year-after-empiric-131i-therapy-for-hyperthyroid-disorders-real-life-experience-and-predictive-factors-of-functional-response
#13
Lavinia Vija Racaru, Charlotte Fontan, Mathilde Bauriaud-Mallet, Séverine Brillouet, Olivier Caselles, Slimane Zerdoud, Delphine Bastié, Delphine Vallot, Philippe Caron, Manuel Bardiès, Frederic Courbon
: Radioiodine is a therapeutic option in Europe for Graves' disease (GD) and toxic multinodular goiter (MNG). PURPOSE: To compare empiric and calculated I activities using 2013 EANM recommendations. To look for predictive factors of therapeutic response to an empiric activity of I. To assess clinical situations favoring calculated treatment modalities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective monocentric study of clinical outcomes at 1 year follow-up in 86 patients with GD and MNG who received empiric I therapeutic activities (348-939 MBq)...
July 17, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719229/experiences-using-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-safer-conception-among-hiv-serodiscordant-heterosexual-couples-in-the-united-states
#14
Angela R Bazzi, Ashley A Leech, Dea L Biancarelli, Meg Sullivan, Mari-Lynn Drainoni
Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a promising HIV prevention strategy for HIV serodiscordant couples (HIV-infected male, uninfected female) seeking safer conception. However, most research on PrEP for safer conception has focused on couples in sub-Saharan Africa; little is known about the perspectives or experiences of heterosexual couples in the United States. We conducted qualitative interviews with six couples (six women and five of their male partners) receiving PrEP for conception services at an urban safety net hospital in the US Northeast...
July 18, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717331/knowledge-and-awareness-of-first-aid-of-avulsed-tooth-among-physicians-and-nurses-of-hospital-emergency-department
#15
Sudeep Sreepad Iyer, Antarmayee Panigrahi, Shalini Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Physicians and nurses of emergency department are often the first line of qualified health-care providers attending the patient in person or parent's query over phone reporting immediately following the dental avulsion. Prompt action by them becomes the decisive factor in survival and prognosis of the tooth. Although a few researchers have evaluated knowledge of emergency room physicians, there is scanty of reports concerning nurses who play a climacteric role. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 10-item questionnaire regarding clinical situation apropos dental injury and tooth avulsion, inquiring knowledge of physicians and nurses was administered to 150 each of nursing professionals and physicians of the emergency department...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715105/a-simulation-based-approach-to-measuring-team-situational-awareness-in-emergency-medicine-a-multicenter-observational-study
#16
Elizabeth D Rosenman, Aurora J Dixon, Jessica M Webb, Sarah Brolliar, Simon J Golden, Kerin A Jones, Sachita Shah, James A Grand, Steve W J Kozlowski, Georgia T Chao, Rosemarie Fernandez
OBJECTIVES: Team situational awareness (TSA) is critical for effective teamwork and supports dynamic decision-making in unpredictable, time-pressured situations. Simulation provides a platform for developing and assessing TSA; but these efforts are limited by suboptimal measurement approaches. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a novel approach to TSA measurement in interprofessional emergency medicine teams. METHODS: We performed a multicenter, prospective, simulation-based observational study to evaluate an approach to TSA measurement...
July 17, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715054/sustainability-of-prevention-practices-at-the-workplace-safety-simplification-productivity-and-effectiveness
#17
A Messineo, M S Cattaruzza, C Prestigiacomo, F Giordano, L T Marsella
Traditional full-time employment has evolved into various types of occupational situations, and, nowadays, new work organization strategies have been developed. Previously overlooked risk factors have emerged, such as traffic accidents while commuting or during work hours, poor work organization, and detrimental lifestyles (like alcohol and substance abuse, although recent statistics seem to show a declining trend for the latter). The global scenario shows greater attention to occupational risks, but also, to the reduced degree of protection...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714738/dealing-with-daily-challenges-in-dementia-deal-id-study-process-evaluation-of-the-experience-sampling-method-intervention-partner-in-sight-for-spousal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia
#18
Rosalia J M van Knippenberg, Marjolein E de Vugt, Claudia M J Smeets, Inez Myin-Germeys, Frans R J Verhey, Rudolf W Ponds
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the process evaluation of the experience sampling method (ESM) intervention 'Partner in Sight' for spousal caregivers of people with dementia. The aim was to determine internal and external validity of the intervention and provide information for future implementation in clinical practice. METHOD: Qualitative and quantitative data on sampling quality (recruitment and randomization, reach) and intervention quality (relevance and feasibility, adherence to protocol) were evaluated using descriptive statistics and conventional content analysis...
July 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714093/sexual-care-for-patients-receiving-dialysis-a-cross-sectional-study-identifying-the-role-of-nurses-working-in-the-dialysis-department
#19
Gaby F Van Ek, Adina Gawi, Melianthe P J Nicolai, Esmée M Krouwel, Brenda L Den Oudsten, Marjolein E M Den Ouden, Alexander F Schaapherder, Hein Putter, Rob C M Pelger, Henk W Elzevier
AIMS: To explore the role of nurses in the dialysis department in providing sexual care to patients receiving dialysis. BACKGROUND: Sexual health is not self-evident for patients undergoing dialysis; 70% experience sexual dysfunction. Nevertheless, sexual care is often not provided. DESIGN: A national cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Questionnaires (n=171) were sent to employees of 34 dialysis centres from January - May 2016...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713120/sealing-ability-of-esthetic-post-and-core-systems
#20
Thamer Almohareb
AIM: To review the literature on the sealing ability of esthetic post systems with different cementation techniques. BACKGROUND: An important factor for successful root canal treatment is the development of a coronal seal to the treated root canal system. Review result: The current literature describes promising results using fiber posts with a dual-cure, self-etch resin cement system. However, none of the published results describe a post system or cementation technique that achieved a homogeneous and tight coronal seal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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