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Situation awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227153/design-projects-motivated-and-informed-by-the-needs-of-severely-disabled-autistic-children
#1
Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Janine Kesterson, Bala Natarajan, David Thompson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Kim Fowler, Jack Xin, Punit Prakash, Charles Carlson, Wayne Piersel
Technology can positively impact the lives of severely disabled autistic children if used to (a) gather situational awareness data regarding their health, development, and behavior and (b) assist them with learning and day-to-day activities. This paper summarizes student design projects in the Kansas State University (KSU) College of Engineering that are motivated and informed by the needs of severely disabled children at Heartspring, Wichita, KS. These efforts are supported through the National Science Foundation's General and Age-Related Disabilities Engineering (GARDE) program...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219297/municipal-household-solid-waste-fee-based-on-an-increasing-block-pricing-model-in-beijing-china
#2
Zhujie Chu, Yunga Wu, Jun Zhuang
This article aims to design an increasing block pricing model to estimate the waste fee with the consideration of the goals and principles of municipal household solid waste pricing. The increasing block pricing model is based on the main consideration of the per capita disposable income of urban residents, household consumption expenditure, production rate of waste disposal industry, and inflation rate. The empirical analysis is based on survey data of 5000 households in Beijing, China. The results indicate that the current uniform price of waste disposal is set too high for low-income people, and waste fees to the household disposable income or total household spending ratio are too low for the medium- and high-income families...
March 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215111/nursing-students-reflections-after-meetings-with-patients-and-their-relatives-enacted-by-professional-actors-being-touched-and-feeling-empathy
#3
Anja Söderberg, Johanna Karlsson Sundbaum, Åsa Engström
When professional actors have been used in mental health simulations with nursing students, the experience has been regarded as a meaningful contribution to their education and described as a safe way of experiencing challenging situations that can occur in clinical settings. The aim was to study nursing students' reflections after meetings with nursing patients and their relatives, as enacted by professional actors, in psychiatric/elderly care. The design was a qualitative descriptive research approach. Gibbs's ( 1988 ) reflective cycle was the basis for the questions that were asked...
February 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214666/reducing-medication-errors-teaching-strategies-that-increase-nursing-students-awareness-of-medication-errors-and-their-prevention
#4
EDITORIAL
Sharon Latimer, Jayne Hewitt, Rebecca Stanbrough, Ron McAndrew
Medication errors are a patient safety and quality of care issue. There is evidence to suggest many undergraduate nursing curricula do not adequately educate students about the factors that contribute to medication errors and possible strategies to prevent them. We designed and developed a suite of teaching strategies that raise students' awareness of medication error producing situations and their prevention.
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214562/leveraging-health-informatics-to-a-foster-smart-systems-response-to-health-disparities-and-health-equity-challenges
#5
Timothy Jay Carney, Amanda Y Kong
Informaticians are challenged to design health IT solutions for complex problems like health disparities but are only achieving mixed results in demonstrating a direct impact on health outcomes. This presentation of collective intelligence and the corresponding terms of smart health, knowledge ecosystem, enhanced health disparities informatics capacities, knowledge exchange, big-data, and situational awareness are means of demonstrating the complex challenges informatics professional face in trying to model, measure, and manage an intelligence and a smart systems response to health disparities...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212684/the-renape-observational-registry-rationale-and-framework-of-the-rare-peritoneal-tumors-french-patient-registry
#6
L Villeneuve, G Passot, O Glehen, S Isaac, F Bibeau, P Rousset, F N Gilly
BACKGROUND: Rare peritoneal cancers represent complex clinical situations requiring a specific and multidisciplinary management. Because of their rarity, lack of awareness and knowledge often leads to diagnostic delays and misdiagnosis. And patients are not systematically referred to expert centers as they should be. Clinicians and researchers also face unique challenges with these rare cancers, because it is hard to conduct adequately powered, controlled trials in such small patient population...
February 17, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209605/do-failures-in-non-technical-skills-contribute-to-fatal-medical-accidents-in-japan-a-review-of-the-2010-2013-national-accident-reports
#7
Masashi Uramatsu, Yoshikazu Fujisawa, Shinya Mizuno, Takahiro Souma, Akinori Komatsubara, Tamotsu Miki
OBJECTIVES: We sought to clarify how large a proportion of fatal medical accidents can be considered to be caused by poor non-technical skills, and to support development of a policy to reduce number of such accidents by making recommendations about possible training requirements. DESIGN: Summaries of reports of fatal medical accidents, published by the Japan Medical Safety Research Organization, were reviewed individually. Three experienced clinicians and one patient safety expert conducted the reviews to determine the cause of death...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208099/the-impact-of-walking-while-using-a-smartphone-on-pedestrians-awareness-of-roadside-events
#8
Ming-I Brandon Lin, Yu-Ping Huang
Previous studies have shown that using a cell phone to talk or text while walking changes gait kinematics and encourages risky street-crossing behaviors. However, less is known about how the motor-cognitive interference imposed by smartphone tasks affects pedestrians' situational awareness to environmental targets relevant to pedestrian safety. This study systematically investigated the influence of smartphone use on detection of and responses to a variety of roadside events in a semi-virtual walking environment...
February 13, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202182/implantation-and-extravillous-trophoblast-invasion-from-rare-archival-specimens-to-modern-biobanking
#9
Gerit Moser, Berthold Huppertz
Extravillous trophoblast invasion serves to attach the placenta to the uterus and to enable access to nutrients for the embryo throughout pregnancy - secretions of the uterine glands in the first trimester, maternal blood in the second and third trimester. For assessing extravillous trophoblast invasion, histology (in combination with immunohistochemistry) still plays a major role in placental research. This is especially true for the re-assessment of rare archival specimens from early human implantation sites or placenta in utero with the background of recent knowledge which may help to strengthen current hypotheses...
February 8, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193197/qualitative-process-evaluation-of-a-psycho-educational-intervention-targeted-at-people-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-and-their-primary-caregivers-in-jordan
#10
Abd Al-HadiHasan, Patrick Callaghan, Joanne S Lymn
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a serious form of mental illness that often requires long term care. Empirical findings indicate that combining a psycho-educational intervention (PEI) with neuroleptic medication to treat schizophrenia is effective. However, there is little information on the therapeutic mechanism of PEIs. METHODS: A qualitative process evaluation was conducted with a purposive sample of people diagnosed with schizophrenia (PDwS, n = 8) and their Primary Caregivers (PCs, n = 9) who had received PEI as a part of an exploratory randomized controlled trial...
February 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187881/a-clinical-decision-making-mechanism-for-context-aware-and-patient-specific-remote-monitoring-systems-using-the-correlations-of-multiple-vital-signs
#11
Abdur Rahim Mohammad Forkan, Ibrahim Khalil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In home-based context-aware monitoring patient's real-time data of multiple vital signs (e.g. heart rate, blood pressure) are continuously generated from wearable sensors. The changes in such vital parameters are highly correlated. They are also patient-centric and can be either recurrent or can fluctuate. The objective of this study is to develop an intelligent method for personalized monitoring and clinical decision support through early estimation of patient-specific vital sign values, and prediction of anomalies using the interrelation among multiple vital signs...
February 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178955/the-management-of-the-faeces-passed-by-under-five-children-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-research-in-an-urban-community-in-southwest-nigeria
#12
Olufemi Oludare Aluko, Olusegun Temitope Afolabi, Emmanuel Abiodun Olaoye, Adeyinka Daniel Adebayo, Seun Oladele Oyetola, Oluwaseun Olamide Abegunde
BACKGROUND: Safe management of faeces (SMoF) and environmental contamination by faecal pathogens have been extensively researched although the SMoF in under-five children has been perennially neglected perhaps due to the misconception that it is harmless. This research, therefore, studied the situation, to determine the magnitude and dimensions of the problem aimed at making policy level stakeholders aware of child faeces management systems and so, inform evidence-based implementation of child and health-related programmes in Nigeria...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178189/augmented-reality-tool-for-the-situational-awareness-improvement-of-uav-operators
#13
Susana Ruano, Carlos Cuevas, Guillermo Gallego, Narciso García
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are being extensively used nowadays. Therefore, pilots of traditional aerial platforms should adapt their skills to operate them from a Ground Control Station (GCS). Common GCSs provide information in separate screens: one presents the video stream while the other displays information about the mission plan and information coming from other sensors. To avoid the burden of fusing information displayed in the two screens, an Augmented Reality (AR) tool is proposed in this paper...
February 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174372/child-abuse-and-neglect-do-we-know-enough-a-cross-sectional-study-of-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-of-dentists-regarding-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-pune-india
#14
Suruchi Malpani, Jatin Arora, Gunjeeta Diwaker, Priyajeet Kaur Kaleka, Aditi Parey, Parinita Bontala
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse and neglect (CAN) is a significant global problem with a serious impact on the victims throughout their lives. Dentists have the unique opportunity to address this problem. However, reporting such cases has become a sensitive issue due to the uncertainty of the diagnosis. The authors are testing the knowledge of the dentists toward CAN and also trying to question the efforts of the educational institutions to improve this knowledge for the better future of the younger generation...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173885/cultural-influences-upon-advance-care-planning-in-a-family-centric-society
#15
Keson Tay, Rachel Jia Yu Lee, Shin Wei Sim, Sumytra Menon, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Lalit Kumar Radha Krishna
OBJECTIVE: Advanced care plans (ACPs) are designed to convey the wishes of patients with regards to their care in the event of incapacity. There are a number of prerequisites for creation of an effective ACP. First, the patient must be aware of their condition, their prognosis, the likely trajectory of the illness, and the potential treatment options available to them. Second, patient input into ACP must be free of any coercive factors. Third, the patient must be able to remain involved in adapting their ACP as their condition evolves...
February 8, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167999/informatics-metrics-and-measures-for-a-smart-public-health-systems-approach-information-science-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Timothy Jay Carney, Christopher Michael Shea
Public health informatics is an evolving domain in which practices constantly change to meet the demands of a highly complex public health and healthcare delivery system. Given the emergence of various concepts, such as learning health systems, smart health systems, and adaptive complex health systems, health informatics professionals would benefit from a common set of measures and capabilities to inform our modeling, measuring, and managing of health system "smartness." Here, we introduce the concepts of organizational complexity, problem/issue complexity, and situational awareness as three codependent drivers of smart public health systems characteristics...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166888/how-much-time-do-drivers-need-to-obtain-situation-awareness-a-laboratory-based-study-of-automated-driving
#17
Zhenji Lu, Xander Coster, Joost de Winter
Drivers of automated cars may occasionally need to take back manual control after a period of inattentiveness. At present, it is unknown how long it takes to build up situation awareness of a traffic situation. In this study, 34 participants were presented with animated video clips of traffic situations on a three-lane road, from an egocentric viewpoint on a monitor equipped with eye tracker. Each participant viewed 24 videos of different durations (1, 3, 7, 9, 12, or 20 s). After each video, participants reproduced the end of the video by placing cars in a top-down view, and indicated the relative speeds of the placed cars with respect to the ego-vehicle...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166872/investigating-the-impact-of-static-roadside-advertising-on-drivers-situation-awareness
#18
Kristie L Young, Amanda N Stephens, David B Logan, Michael G Lenné
Roadside advertising has the potential to create a crash risk for drivers as it may distract attention from driving at critical times. In an on-road instrumented vehicle study, we examined if and how static advertising billboards affect drivers' situation awareness across different driving environments. Nineteen fully licensed drivers drove an instrumented vehicle around a 38 km urban test route comprising freeway, busy urban retail and arterial road sections. The route contained a number of static billboards...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165540/attitudes-towards-organ-donation-and-relation-to-wish-to-donate-posthumously
#19
Julius Weiss, David Shaw, Roger Schober, Viviana Abati, Franz F Immer, Comité National du Don d'Organes Cndo
BACKGROUND: Organs donated for transplantation remain a scarce resource in Switzerland. One of the reasons for this situation is the high percentage of patients or families who refuse to consent to donation. This study aimed to provide an overview of attitudes towards organ donation among Swiss residents, including any intention to donate organs after death, and whether they had already declared their wish and/or communicated it to anyone. METHODS: A representative poll investigating the attitude of the Swiss population towards deceased organ donation was conducted between 16 and 28 March 2015...
February 6, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163880/energetics-in-robotic-flight-at-small-scales
#20
REVIEW
Konstantinos Karydis, Vijay Kumar
Recent advances in design, sensing and control have led to aerial robots that offer great promise in a range of real-world applications. However, one critical open question centres on how to improve the energetic efficiency of aerial robots so that they can be useful in practical situations. This review paper provides a survey on small-scale aerial robots (i.e. less than 1 m(2) area foot print, and less than 3 kg weight) from the point of view of energetics. The paper discusses methods to improve the efficiency of aerial vehicles, and reports on recent findings by the authors and other groups on modelling the impact of aerodynamics for the purpose of building energy-aware motion planners and controllers...
February 6, 2017: Interface Focus
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