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chemotherapy induced hepatotoxicity

Rostyslav R Panchuk, Nadia R Skorokhyd, Yuliya S Kozak, Liliya V Lehka, Andrey G Moiseenok, Rostyslav S Stoika
AIM: To evaluate molecular mechanisms of tissue-protective effects of antioxidants selenomethionine (SeMet) and D-pantethine (D-Pt) applied in combination with doxorubicin (Dx) in B16 melanoma-bearing-mice. METHODS: Impact of the chemotherapy scheme on a survival of tumor-bearing animals, general nephro- and hepatotoxicity, blood cell profile in vivo, and ROS content in B16 melanoma cells in vitro was compared with the action of Dx applied alone. Nephrotoxicity of the drugs was evaluated by measuring creatinine indicator assay, hepatotoxicity was studied by measuring the activity of ALT/AST enzymes, and myelotoxicity was assessed by light microscopic analysis of blood smears...
April 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
Yu Wang, Xi Xiang, Shou-Quan Wu, Guo Chen, Miao-Miao Zhang, Ming-Gui Wang, Feng-Juan Wang, Andrew J Sandford, Jian-Qing He
OBJECTIVES: Antituberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity (ATDH) remains a common and severe challenge in tuberculosis (TB) chemotherapy. A growing number of studies have revealed that genetic polymorphisms affect an individual's susceptibility to ATDH. The aim of this study was to explore the role of cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily B member 6 (CYP2B6) gene polymorphisms in the development of ATDH in Chinese TB patients. METHODS: CYP2B6*6 genotypes were determined in TB patients with and without ATDH...
April 4, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Keigo Yasumasa, Yoshikazu Morimoto, Nobutaka Hatanaka, Hitoshi Mizuno, Teruo Iwasaki, Takafumi Hirao, Hiroshi Noro, Kenji Sakai, Hideki Osawa, Yoshio Yamasaki
We report 2 cases of systemic steroid therapy for hyperbilirubinemia after right hepatic lobectomy for liver metastases from colorectal cancer.One of the patients was a 65-year-old man, diagnosed with transverse colon cancer with multiple liver metastases.After surgery for the primary lesion and chemotherapy(FOLFOX plus bevacizumab, FOLFIRI plus panitumumab), he underwent right hepatic lobectomy for the liver metastasis.His preoperative ICG 15 min was 8%.Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia without biliary stenosis occurred after the hepatectomy...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Ademola C Famurewa, Odomero G Ufebe, Chima A Egedigwe, Onyebuchi E Nwankwo, Godwin S Obaje
BACKGROUND: The emerging health benefit of virgin coconut oil (VCO) has been associated with its potent natural antioxidants; however, the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effect of VCO against methotrexate-induced liver damage and oxidative stress remains unexplored. The study explored the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of VCO against oxidative stress and liver damage induced by anticancer drug methotrexate (MTX) in rats. METHODS: Liver damage was induced in Wistar rats pretreated with dietary supplementation of VCO (5% and 15%) by intraperitoneal administration of MTX (20mg/kg bw) on day 10 only...
March 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Jing Tong, Qi-Gui Mo, Bing-Xin Ma, Lan-Lan Ge, Gao Zhou, You-Wei Wang
Cyclophosphamide (CP) is a widely utilized chemotherapy drug. CP and its metabolite, acrolein, could induce hepatotoxicity. In this study, Cichorium glandulosum seed (CGS) effectively mitigated CP-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Protection of cynarin, the major compound of CGS, against acrolein cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells was studied. Pretreatment with cynarin could improve cell survival against acrolein cytotoxicity. Cynarin restored the balance of glutathione (GSH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and inhibited mitochondrial depolarization...
December 14, 2016: Food & Function
Yukari C Manabe, William Worodria, Frank van Leth, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Afsatou Ndama Traore, Josefo Ferro, Nadine Pakker, Matthias Frank, Martin P Grobusch, Robert Colebunders, Frank Cobelens
Early mortality after initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) occurs in 9-39% of patients in sub-Saharan Africa. A significant proportion of deaths are attributable to tuberculosis (TB). Low baseline CD4 T-cell count and low body mass index (BMI) are strongly associated with early mortality. We hypothesized that initiation of ART concurrent with presumptive anti-TB chemotherapy in high-risk patients would reduce mortality within the first 6 months by treating unrecognized TB. From October 2011 to December 2012, ART-naive, smear-negative participants with a CD4 T-cell count < 50 cells/μL and BMI < 18 kg/m(2) were randomly assigned to undergo either empiric four-drug anti-TB treatment followed 2 weeks later by efavirenz-based ART (N = 23) (ART + TB) or ART only (N = 20)...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Yun Jung Choi, Hyangmin Park, Ji Sung Lee, Ju-Yeon Lee, Shin Kim, Tae Won Kim, Jung Sun Park, Jeong Eun Kim, Dok Hyun Yoon, Cheolwon Suh
The genetic association of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) 677C>T polymorphism with methotrexate (MTX)-associated toxicity has been evaluated and conflicting results have been reported. The substantial heterogeneity of the studied population was suggested to be a possible explanation because ethnicity, MTX dose, coadministered chemotherapeutic agents, and folinate rescue dosage regimen could alter the MTX toxicity profile. The patient population was homogenized by limiting the cancer type to primary central nervous system lymphoma and chemotherapy protocol to a high-dose MTX monotherapy regimen...
October 25, 2016: Hematological Oncology
Medine Cumhur Cüre, Erkan Cüre, Yıldıray Kalkan, Aynur Kırbaş, Levent Tümkaya, Arif Yılmaz, Ayşegül Küçükali Türkyılmaz, İbrahim Şehitoğlu, Süleyman Yüce
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin (Cis) is one of the most commonly used antineoplastic drugs. It is used as chemotherapy for many solid organ malignancies such as brain, neck, male and female urogenital, vesical and pulmonary cancers. Infliximab blocks tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Several studies have reported that infliximab ameliorates cell damage by reducing cytokine levels. AIMS: We aimed to investigate whether infliximab has a preventive effect against cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity and whether it has a synergistic effect when combined with Cis...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Arin Bhattacharjee, Abhishek Basu, Jaydip Biswas, Tuhinadri Sen, Sudin Bhattacharya
Cyclophosphamide (CP) is one of the widely used anticancer agents; however, it has serious deleterious effects on normal host cells due to its nonspecific action. The essential trace element Selenium (Se) is suggested to have chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic efficacy and currently used in pharmaceutical formulations. Previous report had shown Nano-Se could protect CP-induced hepatotoxicity and genotoxicity in normal Swiss albino mice; however, its role in cancer management is still not clear. The aim of present study is to investigate the chemoprotective efficacy of Nano-Se against CP-induced toxicity as well as its chemoenhancing capability when used along with CP in Swiss albino mice against Ehrlich's ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells...
January 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Chen-Yue Qian, Yi Zheng, Ying Wang, Juan Chen, Jun-Yan Liu, Hong-Hao Zhou, Ji-Ye Yin, Zhao-Qian Liu
BACKGROUND: Platinum-based chemotherapy is the first-line treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); it is therefore important to discover biomarkers that can be used to predict the efficacy and toxicity of this treatment. Four important transporter genes are expressed in the kidney, including organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2), multidrug and toxin extrusion 1 (MATE1), ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1), and ATP-binding cassette subfamily C member 2 (ABCC2), and genetic polymorphisms in these genes may alter the efficacy and adverse effects of platinum drugs...
September 2, 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer
Anne Sacré, Nicolas Lanthier, Hélène Dano, Selda Aydin, Daniela Leggenhager, Achim Weber, Anne-France Dekairelle, Astrid De Cuyper, Jean-Luc Gala, Yves Humblet, Christine Sempoux, Marc Van den Eynde
BACKGROUND: Regorafenib is the first small-molecule multikinase inhibitor which showed survival benefits in pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. Besides classical adverse events of this drug class, hepatotoxicity has been described as a frequent side effect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with refractory mCRC treated with regorafenib in our institution were reviewed. Severe treatment-related liver toxicity was investigated. Clinical history, liver histology and genetic assessment (sequence analysis) of cytochrome P3A4 (CYP3A4) and uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 1A9 (UGT1A9) involved in regorafenib metabolization were here reported for patients with severe hepatotoxicity...
November 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Jie-Shu You, Jian-Ping Chen, Jessie S M Chan, Ho-Fun Lee, Mei-Kuen Wong, Wing-Fai Yeung, Li-Xing Lao
BACKGROUND: The incidence of cancer has been staying at a high level worldwide in recent years. With advances in cancer diagnosis and therapy strategy, the survival rate of patients with cancer has been increasing, but the side effects of these treatments, especially chemotherapy, are obvious even when the chemotherapy ceases. YH0618, a prescription, has showed efficacy in reducing chemotherapy-induced toxicity through long clinical practice. However, there is no scientific research exploring the effects of YH0618 in patients with cancer...
2016: Trials
Ainiwaer Aikemu, Nurmuhamat Amat, Abdiryim Yusup, Lianlian Shan, Xinwei Qi, Halmurat Upur
Abnormal Savda Munziq (ASMq), an Uighur medicine formula commonly used in the treatment of cancer, has been speculated to possess antioxidative and antiproliferative effects, and to regulate immune activity. The present study was designed to systematically elucidate the toxicity-reducing activity of ASMq in mice undergoing combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). The mice were divided into normal (saline, 10 ml/kg) and doxorubicin + 5-FU groups (doxorubicin, 2.5 mg/kg; 5-FU, 10 mg/kg on alternate days)...
July 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Mina T Kelleni, Salwa A Ibrahim, Aly M Abdelrahman
Methotrexate (MTX) is a commonly used antineoplastic and anti-rheumatoid drug whose efficacy is limited by its hepatotoxicity. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective role of captopril (100 mg/kg/day, p.o. for seven days), an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, and telmisartan (10 mg/kg/day p.o. for seven days), an angiotensin II receptor blocker with peroxisome proliferative receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonism, in a model of MTX (single dose 20 mg/kg i.p. at the fifth day) induced hepatotoxicity in rats...
June 2016: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
Xiaoxue Zhang, Rui Zhang, HuiOu Yang, Qian Xiang, Qing Jiang, Qi He, Ting Zhang, Chen Chen, Huifen Zhu, Qiang Wang, Qin Ning, Yiwu Li, Ping Lei, Guanxin Shen
Cisplatin is a classical platinum-based chemotherapeutic drug used in the treatment of many cancer types, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The application of cisplatin is significantly limited by its toxicity, which may be affected by various biological factors. Persistence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection leads to HCC development and may be associated with higher incidence of severe hepatitis during chemotherapy. However, whether HBV alters the susceptibility of hepatocytes to cisplatin remains poorly understood...
July 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
Rostyslav R Panchuk, Nadia R Skorokhyd, Yuliya S Kozak, Liliya V Lehka, Vira V Chumak, Sofya N Omelyanchik, Valery A Gurinovich, Andrey G Moiseenok, Rostyslav S Stoika
AIM: To investigate the potential tissue-protective effects of antioxidants selenomethionine and D-pantethine applied together with doxorubicin (Dx) on NK/Ly lymphoma-bearing mice. The impact of this chemotherapy scheme on animal survival, blood cell profile, hepatotoxicity, glutathione level, and activity of glutathione-converting enzymes in the liver was compared with the action of Dx applied alone.. METHODS: The hematological profile of animals was studied by the analysis of blood smears under light microscopy...
April 23, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
Gary Lu, Vinit Karur, Jon D Herrington, Mary G Walker
Pegaspargase is a chemotherapy drug used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). One of the adverse effects of pegaspargase is hepatotoxicity, which can rapidly lead to liver failure and death. We report a patient with ALL who developed pegaspargase-induced severe hepatotoxicity that was rescued by treatment with vitamin B complex and L-carnitine. Our patient had a quicker response than prior reported cases, suggesting this treatment might be a better regimen.
January 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
N Bui, I Wong-Sefidan
Reactivation of hepatitis B virus (hbv) is a reported complication for patients undergoing chemotherapy, particularly immunochemotherapy with anti-CD20 agents such as rituximab. However, as the use of molecularly targeted agents increases, the risk of viral reactivation is less clearly defined. Here, we present the case of a 62-year-old woman with newly diagnosed EGFR mutation-positive metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (nsclc). Per interview, our patient had a remote history of hbv infection. She was started on erlotinib and developed profound diarrhea leading to renal failure that required hospital admission and temporary discontinuation of erlotinib...
December 2015: Current Oncology
Fiorella Carla Tesán, Mariano Portillo, Diego Martinel-Lamas, Vanina Araceli Medina, María Jimena Salgueiro, Marcela Zubillaga
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy is one of the most common approaches for cancer treatment. Particularly Doxorubicin has been proven to be effective in the treatment of many soft and solid tumors for locally advanced and metastatic cancer. It is not easy to clinically evaluate the chemotoxic or chemoprotective effect of some drugs, even more when there is a subclinical toxicity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of the hepatobiliary, colloid and cardiac scintigraphies, employing 99mTc-disida, 99mTc-phytate and 99mTc-sestamibi respectively, in the evaluation of the hepato and cardiotoxicity of two chemotherapeutic treatments assessed in rats...
November 10, 2015: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Can Gong, Lin Qian, Hong Yang, Li-li Ji, Hai Wei, Wen-bin Zhou, Cong Qi, Chang-hong Wang
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin (CDDP) is a highly effective chemotherapeutic agent used for therapy of many tumors and has been limited by its toxicity. Zengmian Yiliu granule (ZMYL), a compound preparation of traditional Chinese medicines, has been used in clinic as a complementary and alternative medicine for attenuating CDDP-induced toxicities and enhancing the tumor therapeutic effect of CDDP. The aim of the present study is to investigate hepaprotective effect of ZMYL against CDDP-induced hepatotoxicity...
August 18, 2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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