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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524790/cognard-type-v-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-presenting-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-rapid-progressive-myelopathy
#1
Walter J Jermakowicz, Alexander G Weil, Artyom Vlasenko, Sanjiv Bhatia, Toba N Niazi
Cognard Type V dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are a unique type of cranial vascular malformation characterized by congestion of the perimedullary venous system that may lead to devastating spinal cord pathology if left untreated. The authors present the first known case of a pediatric patient diagnosed with a Type V dAVF. A 14-year-old girl presented with a 3-week history of slowly progressive unilateral leg weakness that quickly progressed to bilateral leg paralysis, sphincter dysfunction, and complete sensory loss the day of her presentation...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523362/transoral-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-our-initial-experience-using-a-new-endoscopic-technique
#2
Jun-Ook Park, Dong-Il Sun
BACKGROUND: A transoral approach has been experimentally introduced to the field of thyroid surgery and several groups in Asia have recently used the technique to treat patients. We performed transoral endoscopic thyroidectomies on patients with thyroid cancer or a benign tumor. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent transoral endoscopic thyroid surgery between July 2016 and January 2017. A midline incision was made in the vestibule, and a 10 mm cannula was placed; then, the working space was widened by insufflating CO2 at a pressure of 5-6 mmHg...
May 18, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523345/endovenous-laser-ablation-therapy-in-children-applications-and-outcomes
#3
Premal A Patel, Alex M Barnacle, Sam Stuart, Joao G Amaral, Philip R John
BACKGROUND: Endovenous laser ablation is well recognized as the first-line treatment for superficial venous reflux with varicose veins in adults. It is not widely reported and is not an established practice in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: To illustrate a variety of pediatric venous conditions in which endovenous laser ablation can be utilized and to demonstrate its feasibility and safety in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of endovenous laser ablation procedures performed between January 2007 and July 2014 at two large pediatric institutions...
May 18, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522655/choice-of-hemodialysis-access-in-older-adults-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#4
Rasheeda K Hall, Evan R Myers, Sylvia E Rosas, Ann M O'Hare, Cathleen S Colón-Emeric
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although arteriovenous fistulas have been found to be the most cost-effective form of hemodialysis access, the relative benefits of placing an arteriovenous fistula versus an arteriovenous graft seem to be least certain for older adults and when placed preemptively. However, older adults' life expectancy is heterogeneous, and most patients do not undergo permanent access creation until after dialysis initiation. We evaluated cost-effectiveness of arteriovenous fistula placement after dialysis initiation in older adults as a function of age and life expectancy...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522650/examining-the-association-between-hemodialysis-access-type-and-mortality-the-role-of-access-complications
#5
Pietro Ravani, Robert Quinn, Matthew Oliver, Bruce Robinson, Ronald Pisoni, Neesh Pannu, Jennifer MacRae, Braden Manns, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Matthew James, Marcello Tonelli, Brenda Gillespie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: People receiving hemodialysis to treat kidney failure need a vascular access (a fistula, a graft, or a central venous catheter) to connect to the blood purification machine. Higher rates of access complications are considered the mechanism responsible for the excess mortality observed among catheter or graft users versus fistula users. We tested this hypothesis using mediation analysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We studied incident patients who started hemodialysis therapy from North America, Europe, and Australasia (the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study; 1996-2011)...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518182/triple-layered-closure-of-an-oroantral-fistula-a-case-report
#6
Eric George
Oroantral fistulae (OAF) are surgical sequelae that require complete resection and often leave large defects for the surgeon to repair. Closing these lesions is often technique sensitive and requires a detailed protocol, which, if not adhered to, can lead to recurrence. This case report presents a combined approach to closing an OAF by first excising the fistula and then resecting to retrieve the buccal fat pad to form a pedicle graft over the wound site. Next, a platelet-rich fibrin membrane is sandwiched over the buccal fat pad and completely covered by a buccal advancement flap...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515932/single-stage-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-for-pheochromocytoma-and-enucleation-of-a-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-in-von-hippel-lindau-disease-a-case-report
#7
Marco Casaccia, Simona Macina, Rosario Fornaro
Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an inherited syndrome with autosomal-dominant transmission, characterized by central nervous system and retinal hemangioblastomas, visceral cysts and tumors. Optimal surgical treatment, including its timing, remains a controversial topic. The present study reports the case of a 67-year-old female patient with adrenal and pancreatic manifestations of VHL. A laparoscopic cortex-sparing left adrenalectomy for a 4-cm pheochromocytoma and pancreatic enucleation for pancreatic polypeptidoma of the pancreas tail were performed during the same operative procedure...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515372/spinal-arteriovenous-shunts-angioarchitecture-and-historical-changes-in-classification
#8
Keisuke Takai
The purposes of this study were to review historical changes in the classification of spinal arteriovenous (AV) shunts and to propose a practical classification system. The associated literature regarding the classification of spinal AV shunts was reviewed in the angiography era between 1967 and 2015. The classification systems of spinal AV shunts and a proposed classification system were presented with neuroradiological imaging and medical illustrations. There have been seven major classification systems based on the evolution of diagnostic methods as well as treatments for spinal AV shunts: the first description of spinal AV shunts diagnosed and classified using spinal angiography in 1971; the second classification based on a case report of intradural direct perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) treated by microsurgery in 1987; the third classification based on a case series of intradural perimedullary AVFs treated by endovascular interventions in 1993; the fourth and fifth classification systems based on a case series of spinal AVFs and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated by microsurgery or endovascular interventions in 2002; the sixth classification based on a case series of cranio-spinal dural AV shunts in 2009; and the seventh classification based on a case series of extradural AVFs treated by microsurgery and endovascular interventions in 2011...
May 18, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514785/effect-of-age-on-the-association-of-vascular-access-type-with-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-incident-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#9
Tarek Saleh, Keiichi Sumida, Miklos Z Molnar, Praveen K Potukuchi, Fridtjof Thomas, Jun Ling Lu, Geeta G Gyamlani, Elani Streja, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Csaba P Kovesdy
BACKGROUND/AIMS: All hemodialysis (HD) patients are generally recommended to create a fistula first; but to create a mature arteriovenous fistula (AVF) can be challenging in elderly individuals. It is unclear if elderly incident HD patients derive a survival benefit from an AVF over an arteriovenous graft (AVG) or a tunneled central venous catheter (TDC). METHODS: We examined the association of vascular access type (AVF, AVG, and TDC with and without a maturing AVF/AVG at dialysis transition) at HD initiation with all-cause, cardiovascular (CV), and infection-related mortality in 46,786 US veterans using Cox models with adjustment for confounders...
May 18, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514783/dialysis-access-as-an-area-of-improvement-in-elderly-incident-hemodialysis-patients-results-from-a-cohort-study-from-the-international-monitoring-dialysis-outcomes-initiative
#10
Jochen G Raimann, Claudia Barth, Len A Usvyat, Priscila Preciado, Bernard Canaud, Michael Etter, Xiaoqi Xu, Adrian Guinsburg, Christina Marelli, Neill Duncan, Albert Power, Frank M van der Sande, Jeroen P Kooman, Stephan Thijssen, Yuedong Wang, Peter Kotanko
BACKGROUND: Commencing hemodialysis (HD) using a catheter is associated with a higher risk of adverse outcomes, and early conversion from central-venous catheter (CVC) to arteriovenous fistula/graft (non-CVC) improves outcomes. We investigated CVC prevalence and conversion, and their effects on outcomes during the first year of HD in a multinational cohort of elderly patients. METHODS: Patients ≥70 years from the MONDO Initiative who commenced HD between 2000 and 2010 in Asia-Pacific, Europe, North-, and South-America and survived at least 6 months were included in this investigation...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501861/pre-end-stage-renal-disease-care-and-early-survival-among-incident-dialysis-patients-in-the-us-military-health-system
#11
Robert Nee, Evan Fisher, Christina M Yuan, Lawrence Y Agodoa, Kevin C Abbott
BACKGROUND: Previous reports showed an increased early mortality after chronic dialysis initiation among the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population. We hypothesized that ESRD patients in the Military Health System (MHS) would have greater access to pre-ESRD care and hence better survival rates during this early high-risk period. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, using the US Renal Data System database, we identified 1,256,640 patients initiated on chronic dialysis from January 2, 2004 through December 31, 2014, from which a bootstrap sample of 3,984 non-MHS incident dialysis patients were compared with 996 MHS patients...
May 13, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501133/intraintestinal-administration-of-ulinastatin-protects-against-sepsis-by-relieving-intestinal-damage
#12
Bingchang Yang, Min Gao, Kangkai Wang, Yu Jiang, Yue Peng, Huali Zhang, Mingshi Yang, Xianzhong Xiao
BACKGROUND: Intravenous administration of ulinastatin (UTI), a broad spectral protease inhibitor, has been used on an experimental basis with severe sepsis patients in Asia. However, the effects of intraintestinal administration of UTI on intestinal and multiple organ damage in sepsis have not been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we established a sepsis model in rats using cecal ligation and puncture and compared the effects of intraintestinal administration of UTI through an artificial fistula of duodenum and intraperitoneal administration of UTI on the pathophysiological changes of sepsis...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500743/safety-and-efficacy-of-clip-based-vs-suture-mediated-vascular-closure-for-femoral-access-hemostasis-a-prospective-randomized-single-center-study-comparing-the-starclose-and-the-proglide-device
#13
Oliver Klein-Wiele, Maria Baliota, Kaffer Kara, Matthias Käunicke, Harald Schäfer, Marc Garbrecht, Marwan Abdulghafor, Marietta Garmer, Birgit Hailer
OBJECTIVES: This study is the first head-to-head analysis of StarClose vs. ProGlide in patients undergoing 5F or 6F percutaneous coronary catheterization or peripheral artery interventions. BACKGROUND: The clip based StarClose and the suture mediated ProGlide vascular closure device are well established for femoral hemostasis in endovascular therapy. However, until now no prospective randomized study compared the safety and efficacy of the two devices. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, single-center study enrolled 505 patients (69...
May 13, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494578/early-and-late-ureteral-complications-after-renal-transplant-a-case-series-in-838-patients
#14
Francesca Manassero, Fabio Vistoli, Andrea Mogorovich, Maurizio DE Maria, Ugo Boggi, Cesare Selli
BACKGROUND: Ureteral strictures occur in approximately 3-8% of kidney transplant (KTx) recipients. They are usually a late event which needs surgical re-intervention with a subsequent increased risk of graft loss. This retrospective study presents a single-centre experience in managing ureteral complications using firstly a minimally invasive approach. METHODS: Between January 2000 and November 2012, 838 patients underwent KTx with Lich-Gregoire uretero-vesical anastomosis...
May 11, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492985/catheter-ablation-of-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-circumferential-pulmonary-vein-ablation-success-rates-with-and-without-exclusion-of-areas-adjacent-to-the-esophagus
#15
Klaus Kettering, Dag-Hau Yim, Alexander Benz, Felix Gramley
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation has become the first line of therapy in patients with symptomatic, recurrent, drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Circumferential pulmonary vein ablation is still the standard approach in these patients. The occurrence of an atrioesophageal fistula is a rare but life-threatening complication after such ablation procedures. This is due to the fact that the esophagus does frequently have a very close anatomical relationship to the left or right pulmonary vein ostia...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492107/aborted-tracheo-esophageal-fistula-in-a-neonate
#16
John M Hallett, Victoria Bryant, David Drake, Simi George, Manasvi Upadhyaya
Esophageal atresia (EA) is an uncommon congenital anomaly which is often associated with a tracheoesophageal fistula. An isolated EA is a rarer anomaly and its diagnosis has implications for the ongoing treatment and outcome of the infant. For the first time, we report a case of a premature newborn with a pure EA and a tracheal diverticulum, containing both respiratory and esophageal mucosa. We have termed this an aborted trachea-esophageal fistula. Recognition of these very rare variations of foregut anomalies may contribute to our understanding of their pathogenesis...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488583/a-review-of-the-postoperative-lymphatic-leakage
#17
REVIEW
Shulan Lv, Qing Wang, Wanqiu Zhao, Lu Han, Qi Wang, Nasra Batchu, Qurat Ulain, Junkai Zou, Chao Sun, Jiang Du, Qing Song, Qiling Li
Lymphatic complications are rare, but well-known phenomena, and have been described by many researchers. However, many diagnoses of lymphatic complications are found confusing due to different definition. A literature search in Pubmed was performed for studies postoperative lympatic complications. These complications divided into two parts: lymphatic leakage and lymphatic stasis. This review is about lymphatic leakage, especially, postoperative lymphatic leakage due to the injury of lymphatic channels in surgical procedures...
April 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480823/clinical-course-of-hemodialysis-access-after-initial-endovascular-intervention-for-stenosis-in-asian-renal-failure-patients
#18
Dewahar Senthoor, Kyi Zin Thant, Tze-Kiat Ng, Pei Ho
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and arteriovenous fistula graft (AVG) access for hemodialysis can develop stenosis, eventually leading to thrombosis and access failure. Prompt endovascular intervention can salvage the access but restenosis does occur. Clinical course, restenosis pattern, and risk factors associated with initial stenosis of AVFs/AVGs in Asian hemodialysis patients were studied. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted (January 2009-June 2012) on consecutive patients with renal failure who developed the first-time stenosis in the vascular access and were managed with endovascular intervention...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479185/neuroimaging-of-takayasu-arteritis-in-a-patient-with-ulcerative-rectocolitis
#19
Lucia Monti, Rosamaria Servillo, Irene Grazzini, Leila Khader, Maurizio Acampa, Alfonso Cerase
BACKGROUND: Takayasu arteritis (TA), also known as aortoarteritis and pulseless disease, is an autoimmune, idiopathic, large-vessel vasculitis that primarily affects the aorta and its major branches, the coronary arteries, and the pulmonary arteries. METHODS: This is a peculiar clinical and radiological pattern of TA in a young female Caucasian. Her medical history included diagnosis of ulcerative rectocolitis at the age of 14. Because of the occurrence of anemia and exacerbation of rectocolitis, she had started infliximab associated with low doses of cortisone and mesalazine...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472501/secondary-graft-oesophageal-fistula-after-total-arch-replacement%C3%A2
#20
Ken Yamanaka, Norihiko Shiiya, Naoki Washiyama, Masanori Sato
Secondary graft-oesophageal fistula is a fatal complication of aortic arch replacement. We report a successful two-stage surgical management of a graft-oesophageal fistula seen in a 68-year-old woman 3 years after total aortic arch replacement. She presented with a prolonged intractable fever without haematemesis. The fistula occurred between the distal aortic anastomosis and oesophagus; the entire graft was surrounded by air. In the first-stage operation, we performed re-replacement of the entire infected graft, oesophagectomy with cervical oesophagostomy, omental transfer and cervical routing of the stomach roll, through an extended left thoracotomy incision with sternal transection...
May 2, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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