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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850888/1252-an-innovative-approach-using-an-exercise-physiologist-in-the-critical-care-setting-for-mobilization
#1
Petra Grami, Claudia Smith, Cheryl Haseeb, Dereddi Raja Reddy, Donal Palencia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739095/ceratonia-siliqua-l-immature-carob-bean-inhibits-intestinal-glucose-absorption-improves-glucose-tolerance-and-protects-against-alloxan-induced-diabetes-in-rat
#2
Kaïs Rtibi, Slimen Selmi, Dhekra Grami, Khouloud Saidani, Hichem Sebai, Mohamed Amri, Bruno Eto, Lamjed Marzouki
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate the effects of immature carob pod aqueous extract (ICPAE) on intestinal glucose absorption in vitro and in vivo using an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) as well as the potential antidiabetic effect in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. OGTT was carried by administration of glucose (2 g kg(-1) , p.o.) and after treatment with extract (50, 100 and 200 mg kg(-1) body weight). Diabetes was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of alloxan (150 mg kg(-1) )...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125201/production-and-identification-of-iturin-a-lipopeptide-from-bacillus-methyltrophicus-teb1-for-control-of-phoma-tracheiphila
#3
Leila Kalai-Grami, Ines Karkouch, Omar Naili, Imen Ben Slimene, Salem Elkahoui, Roudaina Ben Zekri, Ines Touati, Monia Mnari-Hattab, Mohamed Rabeh Hajlaoui, Ferid Limam
A lipopeptide-producing endophytic Bacillus methyltrophicus TEB1 strain exhibited potent antifungal activity against Phoma tracheiphila. Lipopeptide production started at the early growth phase plateaued after 36 h of culture where it reduced the mycelium growth by 80%. The crude lipopeptide extract harvested at the stationary phase efficiently inhibited the growth of P. tracheiphila mycelium and MIC values displaying 50 and 90% inhibition of conidia germination were around 47.5 and 100 μg ml(-1) , respectively...
August 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940999/impact-of-food-animal-trade-on-the-spread-of-mcr-1-mediated-colistin-resistance-tunisia-july-2015
#4
Raoudha Grami, Wejdene Mansour, Wahib Mehri, Olfa Bouallègue, Noureddine Boujaâfar, Jean-Yves Madec, Marisa Haenni
We report a high prevalence of MCR-1 and CTX-M-1-producing Escherichia coli in three Tunisian chicken farms. Chickens were imported from France or derived from French imported chicks. The same IncHI2-type plasmid reported to carry those genes in cattle in France and in a food sample in Portugal was found in Tunisian chickens of French origin. This suggests a significant impact of food animal trade on the spread of mcr-1-mediated colistin resistance in Europe.
2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606031/efficacy-of-epidural-injections-in-managing-chronic-spinal-pain-a-best-evidence-synthesis
#5
REVIEW
Alan D Kaye, Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Salahadin Abdi, Sairam Atluri, Sanjay Bakshi, Ramsin Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo Buenaventura, Kenneth D Candido, Harold J Cordner, Sukdeb Datta, Gulshan Doulatram, Christopher G Gharibo, Vahid Grami, Sanjeeva Gupta, Sachin Jha, Eugene D Kaplan, Yogesh Malla, Dharam P Mann, Devi E Nampiaparampil, Gabor Racz, Prithvi Raj, Maunak V Rana, Manohar Lal Sharma, Vijay Singh, Amol Soin, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Epidural injections have been used since 1901 in managing low back pain and sciatica. Spinal pain, disability, health, and economic impact continue to increase, despite numerous modalities of interventions available in managing chronic spinal pain. Thus far, systematic reviews performed to assess the efficacy of epidural injections in managing chronic spinal pain have yielded conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and update the clinical utility of the efficacy of epidural injections in managing chronic spinal pain...
November 2015: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26570722/1061-impact-of-order-set-utilization-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#6
Chiamaka Ike, Puneet Freibott, Karen Myers, John Sabo, Lucretia Davis, Linda Cole, Petra Grami, Greg Laine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26447939/emergence-of-st147-klebsiella-pneumoniae-producing-oxa-204-carbapenemase-in-a-university-hospital-tunisia
#7
Raoudha Grami, Wejdene Mansour, Anis Ben Haj Khalifa, Safia Dahmen, Pierre Chatre, Marisa Haenni, Mahjoub Aouni, Jean-Yves Madec
Molecular features of the first carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates (KP1 and KP2) from the University Hospital Tahar Sfar, Tunisia, were investigated. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing, multilocus sequence typing, S1 nuclease pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, Southern blot, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based replicon typing were performed. Extended-spectrum β-lactamases and carbapenemase genes were detected by PCR and sequencing. Both isolates were multidrug resistant. KP1 was of sequence type (ST) ST101 and exhibited blaCTX-M-15 and blaTEM-1 on an untypeable plasmid and blaOXA-48 on an IncL/M plasmid...
March 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26341707/dissemination-of-multidrug-resistant-blactx-m-15-incfiik-plasmids-in-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-from-hospital-and-community-acquired-human-infections-in-tunisia
#8
Wejdene Mansour, Raoudha Grami, Anis Ben Haj Khalifa, Safia Dahmen, Pierre Châtre, Marisa Haenni, Mahjoub Aouni, Jean-Yves Madec
This study investigated the molecular features of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae from hospital- and community-acquired (HA/CA) infections in the region of Mahdia, Tunisia. Among 336 K. pneumoniae isolates recovered from both clinical contexts between July 2009 and December 2011, 49 and 15 were ESBL producers and originated from clinical and community sources, respectively. All isolates produced the CTX-M-15 enzyme. As shown by Southern blot on S1 nuclease treatment followed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) gels, the blaCTX-M-15 gene was carried on IncFII (n=4), IncFIIk (n=25), IncL/M (n=4), IncK (n=1), or untypeable (n=15) plasmids in HA isolates...
November 2015: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26218948/a-systematic-review-and-best-evidence-synthesis-of-the-effectiveness-of-therapeutic-facet-joint-interventions-in-managing-chronic-spinal-pain
#9
REVIEW
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Alan D Kaye, Mark V Boswell, Sanjay Bakshi, Christopher G Gharibo, Vahid Grami, Jay S Grider, Sanjeeva Gupta, Sachin Sunny Jha, Dharam P Mann, Devi E Nampiaparampil, Manohar Lal Sharma, Lindsay N Shroyer, Vijay Singh, Amol Soin, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic spinal facet joint interventions generally used for the treatment of axial spinal pain of facet joint origin are intraarticular facet joint injections, facet joint nerve blocks, and radiofrequency neurotomy. Despite interventional procedures being common as treatment strategies for facet joint pathology, there is a paucity of literature investigating these therapeutic approaches. Systematic reviews assessing the effectiveness of various therapeutic facet joint interventions have shown there to be variable evidence based on the region and the modality of treatment utilized...
July 2015: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25074353/isolation-and-characterization-of-putative-endophytic-bacteria-antagonistic-to-phoma-tracheiphila-and-verticillium-albo-atrum
#10
Leila Kalai-Grami, Sabrine Saidi, Sarra Bachkouel, Imen Ben Slimene, Monia Mnari-Hattab, Mohamed Rebah Hajlaoui, Ferid Limam
A collection of 200 bacterial isolates recovered from citrus plants (Citrus limon, Citrus sinensis, and Citrus reticulata), Medicago truncatula and Laurus nobilis, was established. In vitro screening indicated that 28 isolates exhibited an inhibitory activity against the vascular pathogens Phoma tracheiphila and Verticillium albo-atrum. Isolates were screened according to their hydrolytic activities, plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) abilities, as well as for the presence of nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) genes responsible of the lipopeptide biosynthesis...
September 2014: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24904543/parasitic-chytrids-sustain-zooplankton-growth-during-inedible-algal-bloom
#11
Serena Rasconi, Boutheina Grami, Nathalie Niquil, Marlène Jobard, Télesphore Sime-Ngando
This study assesses the quantitative impact of parasitic chytrids on the planktonic food web of two contrasting freshwater lakes during different algal bloom situations. Carbon-based food web models were used to investigate the effects of chytrids during the spring diatom bloom in Lake Pavin (oligo-mesotrophic) and the autumn cyanobacteria bloom in Lake Aydat (eutrophic). Linear inverse modeling was employed to estimate undetermined flows in both lakes. The Monte Carlo Markov chain linear inverse modeling procedure provided estimates of the ranges of model-derived fluxes...
2014: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24428239/blactx-m-15-carrying-f2-a-b-plasmid-in-escherichia-coli-from-cattle-milk-in-tunisia
#12
Raoudha Grami, Safia Dahmen, Wejdene Mansour, Wahib Mehri, Marisa Haenni, Mahjoub Aouni, Jean-Yves Madec
Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) are widespread enzymes in animals, and the risk of transmission of ESBL genes to humans has become a major issue. In Tunisia, recent data showed a high prevalence of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli isolates in healthy animals, mostly in chickens. In this study, we report the first data on ESBL in diseased Tunisian animals (chickens and cattle), highlighting a major difference in ESBL prevalence in the infectious versus noninfectious E. coli flora. Interestingly, the only ESBL producer was an ST10 E...
August 2014: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24050841/the-changing-role-of-ancillary-health-care-service-providers-an-evaluation-of-health-diagnostic-laboratory-inc
#13
Steven Thompson, Stephen Varvel, Szilard Voros, Dawn Thiselton, Shahrzad Grami, Ralph M Turner, John Barron
In an effort to reduce cost and improve quality, health care payers have enacted a number of incentives to motivate providers to focus their efforts on achieving better clinical outcomes and reducing the prevalence and progression of disease. In response to these incentives, providers are entering into new arrangements such as accountable care organizations and patient-centered medical homes to redesign delivery processes and achieve quality and cost objectives. This article reports the results of a study designed to evaluate the impact on cost and quality of care resulting from services provided by Health Diagnostic Laboratory, Inc...
April 2014: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23990072/protective-effect-of-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-against-infections-of-citrus-aurantium-seedlings-by-phoma-tracheiphila
#14
L Kalai-Grami, I Ben Slimane, M Mnari-Hattab, S Rezgui, M A Aouani, M R Hajlaoui, F Limam
Isolate TEB1 an antagonistic endophytic bacterium, obtained from citrus leaves and identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens by 16S rDNA sequencing, was used for the biological control of mal secco disease of Citrus aurantium seedlings caused by the mitosporic fungus Phoma tracheiphila. The isolate TEB1 exhibited a good in vitro activity against P. tracheiphila in dual cultures as well as with the well diffusion method. C. aurantium seedlings watered with a suspension of TEB1 cells showed a reduction of 53.61 and 48...
February 2014: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23973920/association-between-high-normal-levels-of-alanine-aminotransferase-and-risk-factors-for-atherogenesis
#15
M Shadab Siddiqui, Richard K Sterling, Velimir A Luketic, Puneet Puri, R Todd Stravitz, Iliana Bouneva, Sherry Boyett, Michael Fuchs, Carol Sargeant, G Russell Warnick, Shahrzad Grami, Arun J Sanyal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Liver disease has been associated with cardiovascular disorders, but little is known about the relationship between serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and markers of atherogenesis. We investigated the relationship between low-normal and high-normal levels of ALT and an extended panel of cardiovascular risk factors among individuals with no known diseases in a primary care setting. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of data collected from 6442 asymptomatic patients at wellness visits to a primary care setting in central Virginia from 2010 through 2011...
December 2013: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23605021/mycotoxins-and-fungi-accompanying-wheat-head-fusariosis-in-poland
#16
J Chelkowski, A Visconti, J Perkowski, W Wakulinski, A Botallico
The occurrence of wheat head fusariosis in various regions of Poland was observed in 1985 and 1986. The incidence of fusariosis was usually low - about 0,01% - only on South - East in some localities reached 5 - 20%. The most important species isolated from infected heads were :Fusarium culmorum F.grami nearurn,F.ni vale andF.avenaceum, in addition to whichF.crookwel1ense,F.eqiseti,F.subqluti nans andF.tricinctum (sensu Nelson et al.1983) were observed. Deoxynivalenol was present in 100% examined kernels subsamples at level 5-18 mg/kg and 3-acetyl deoxyn i val enol in 70% at level 1-3 mg/kg...
March 1987: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22692276/low-sperm-counts-in-genitourinary-medicine-clinic-attendees-results-from-a-case-control-study
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Christopher A Carne, Sian Chilcott, Christopher Palmer, Oliver Green, Simeon Bridge, Richard Walsh, Anna Gramy-Mason, Maria O'Donovan
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a case-control study of abnormalities in the semen of genitourinary (GU) medicine clinic attendees compared with general practice (GP) controls and in patients with asymptomatic and symptomatic non-specific urethritis (NSU) before and after the urethritis resolves. METHODS: Rates of semen abnormalities were compared between the different groups (19 with symptomatic and 27 with asymptomatic NSU, seven with symptomatic non-NSU and 64 clinic controls) and between clinic attendees and 417 patients attending GP for the first investigation of possible infertility...
October 2012: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22172015/comparison-of-push-in-versus-pull-out-tests-on-bone-implant-interfaces-of-rabbit-tibia-dental-implant-healing-model
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Wook-Jin Seong, Shahrzad Grami, Soo Cheol Jeong, Heather J Conrad, James S Hodges
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate whether push-in and pull-out tests measure mechanical properties of the bone-implant interface differently, and which test is more sensitive to changes over the healing period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two identical self-threading dental implants (3.3×8.5mm) were placed in medial surface of the proximal condyles of left and right tibias of 20 rabbits (40 implants total). Five rabbits each were sacrificed after 1, 4, 8, and 12 weeks of healing...
June 2013: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21887240/functional-effects-of-parasites-on-food-web-properties-during-the-spring-diatom-bloom-in-lake-pavin-a-linear-inverse-modeling-analysis
#19
Boutheina Grami, Serena Rasconi, Nathalie Niquil, Marlène Jobard, Blanche Saint-Béat, Télesphore Sime-Ngando
This study is the first assessment of the quantitative impact of parasitic chytrids on a planktonic food web. We used a carbon-based food web model of Lake Pavin (Massif Central, France) to investigate the effects of chytrids during the spring diatom bloom by developing models with and without chytrids. Linear inverse modelling procedures were employed to estimate undetermined flows in the lake. The Monte Carlo Markov chain linear inverse modelling procedure provided estimates of the ranges of model-derived fluxes...
2011: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18754533/the-effects-of-low-level-laser-in-clinical-outcome-and-neurophysiological-results-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S M J Shooshtari, V Badiee, S H Taghizadeh, A H Nematollahi, A H Amanollahi, M T Grami
OBJECTIVES: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common neuropathy that can be diagnosed with confidence by the nerve conduction study (NCS). One of the recent treatments of CTS is the application of low power laser (LPL) therapy. The present study evaluates the effects of LPL irradiation through NCS and clinical signs and symptoms. METHODS: A total of 80 patients were included in this study. Diagnosis of CTS was based on both clinical examination and electromyographic (EMG) findings...
June 2008: Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology
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