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Frederic Denis, Isabelle Millot, Nicolas Abello, Maud Carpentier, Audrey Peteuil, Agnès Soudry-Faure
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that affects 1 % of the world's population, including 600,000 people in France. Persons with schizophrenia (PWS) have excess mortality (their life expectancy is reduced by 20 %) and excess morbidity. In addition, such persons may have a large number of missing or decayed teeth. Dental caries and periodontal measurement indexes are often twice as high as the level found in the general population. Poor oral health can also affect quality of life and oral health is inseparable from general health...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Abdullah H A Dehwah, Samir Al-Mashharawi, Kim Choon Ng, Thomas M Missimer
An investigation of a sea water reverse osmosis desalination facility located in western Saudi Arabia has shown that aquifer treatment of the raw sea water provides a high degree of removal of natural organic matter (NOM) that causes membrane biofouling. The aquifer is a carbonate system that has a good hydraulic connection to the sea and 14 wells are used to induce sea water movement 400 to 450 m from the sea to the wells. During aquifer transport virtually all of the algae, over 90% of the bacteria, over 90% of the biopolymer fraction of NOM, and high percentages of the humic substance, building blocks, and some of the low molecular weight fractions of NOM are removed...
October 17, 2016: Ground Water
Jason Zhu, John H Strickler
"Liquid biopsies" are blood based assays used to detect and analyze circulating tumor products, including circulating tumor cells (CTCs), circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), circulating messenger RNA (mRNA), circulating microRNA (miRNA), circulating exosomes, and tumor educated platelets (TEP). For patients with gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies, blood based biopsies may offer several advantages. First, tumor tissue samples are often challenging to procure, and when obtainable, are often insufficient for genomic profiling...
October 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Gwenolé Loas, Elodie Dalleau, Héloïse Lecointe, Valérie Yon
Several studies have explored the relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP), serum lipid levels, risk of suicide and alexithymia or impulsivity in mood or anxiety disorders. However, to date, no study has evaluated the effects of anhedonia on these parameters. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between anhedonia, alexithymia, impulsivity, suicidal ideation, recent suicide attempt, C-reactive protein (CRP) and lipid levels in patients with mood or anxiety disorders. One hundred and twenty-two inpatients with mood or anxiety disorders were recruited...
October 6, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Chao-Chuan Wu, Shih-Chieh Chueh, Yao-Chou Tsai
BACKGROUND: data: Laparoscopic adult hernia repair has the clinical advantage of allowing the surgeon to explore asymptomatic contralateral inguinal hernia. We conduct a retrospective study to compare the occurrence of contralateral metachronous inguinal hernia (CMIH) after laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (TEP) repair with or without contralateral exploration. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one consecutive patients undergoing unilateral laparoscopic TEP repair during November 2007 to November 2012 were enrolled into groups with contralateral or no contralateral exploration...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Shimpei Matsui, Nobuhiro Nitori, Ayu Kato, Yoshifumi Ikeda, Yuko Kiatagwa, Hirotoshi Hasegawa, Koji Okabayashi, Masashi Tsuruta, Masaki Kitajima
INTRODUCTION: Spigelian hernia (SH) is a rare ventral hernia occurring near the lateral border of the rectus muscle. The treatment remains controversial and depends on institutional expertise. Although laparoscopic surgery is a good adaptation for the repair of ventral hernias, only a few cases have been reported in the literature. Here, we report a case of totally extra-peritoneal (TEP) repair for bilateral SHs. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 74-year-old Japanese man presented with asymptomatic bulges in the right lower abdominal quadrant...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Laura Borea, Vincenzo Naddeo, Vincenzo Belgiorno
Membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology is becoming increasingly popular as wastewater treatment due to the unique advantages it offers. However, membrane fouling is being given a great deal of attention so as to improve the performance of this type of technology. Recent studies have proven that the application of electrochemical processes to MBR represents a promising technological approach for membrane fouling control. In this work, two intermittent voltage gradients of 1 and 3 V/cm were applied between two cylindrical perforated electrodes, immersed around a membrane module, at laboratory scale with the aim of investigating the treatment performance and membrane fouling formation...
October 7, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Daniel C O Thornton, Jie Chen
Exopolymer particles are found throughout the ocean and play a significant biogeochemical role in carbon cycling. Transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) are composed of acid polysaccharides and Coomassie staining particles (CSP) are proteins. TEP have been extensively studied in the ocean, while CSP have been largely overlooked. The objective of this research was to determine the role of stress and cell permeability in the formation of TEP and CSP. The diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii and cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus were grown in batch cultures and exposed to hydrogen peroxide (0, 10, and 100 μM) as an environmental stressor...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Phycology
Jan S Lewin, Leah M Baumgart, Martha P Barrow, Katherine A Hutcheson
Importance: Voice prosthesis (VP) device life is a limiting factor of tracheoesophageal (TE) voice restoration that drives patient satisfaction, health care costs, and overall burden. Historic data suggest that TE VPs have an average device life of generally 3 to 6 months, but these data are typically derived from small samples using only 1 or 2 devices. Objective: To reexamine current device life in a large, contemporary cancer hospital in the United States that uses a wide assortment of VPs...
September 29, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Salvi Prat, Santiago Gallardo-Villares, Marian Vives, Ana Carreño, Marta Caminal, Irene Oliver-Vila, Daniel Chaverri, Margarita Blanco, Margarita Codinach, Pere Huguet, José Ramírez, Javier A Pinto, Màrius Aguirre, Ruth Coll, Joan Garcia-López, Fernando Granell-Escobar, Joaquim Vives
Pseudoarhtrosis is a relatively frequent complication of fractures, in which the lack of mechanical stability and biological stimuli results in the failure of bone union, most frequently in humerus and tibia. Treatment of recalcitrant pseudoarthrosis relies on the achievement of satisfactory mechanical stability combined with adequate local biology. Herein we present two cases of atrophic pseudoarthrosis that received a Tissue Engineering Product (TEP) composed of autologous Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (BM-MSC) combined with deantigenised trabecular bone particles from tissue bank...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Stephan M Feller, Marc Lewitzky
Non-protein coding RNAs in different flavors (miRNAs, piRNAs, snoRNAs, lncRNAs, SHOT-RNAs), exosomes, large oncosomes, exoDNA and now tumor-educated platelets (TEPs) have emerged as crucial signal transmitting, transporting and regulating devices of cells in the last two decades. They are also establishing themselves increasingly in the realm of tumor research. We are currently witnessing a mushrooming of candidate entities for diagnostic and prognostic cancer detection and characterization tests that could have a major impact on how this diverse group of diseases is initially spotted and subsequently treated in the near future...
September 27, 2016: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
Raymond C K Chan, Zhuo-Ya Yang, Zhi Li, Dong-Jie Xie, Diane C Gooding
Social anhedonia, the reduced capacity for social and interpersonal pleasure, often accompanies several forms of psychopathology. The goal of the present study was to validate the Chinese translation of the Anticipatory and Consummatory Interpersonal Pleasure Scale (ACIPS), a promising new tool for the assessment of individual differences in social pleasure. The Chinese versions of the ACIPS, the Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale (TEPS), and the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) were administered to 389 nonclinical adults...
September 25, 2016: PsyCh Journal
Fabio Garofalo, Pau Mota-Moya, Andrew Munday, Sébastien Romy
BACKGROUND: Total extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia repair has been shown to offer less pain, shorter postoperative hospital stay and earlier return to work when compared to open surgery. Our institution routinely performs TEP procedures for patients with primary or recurrent inguinal hernias. The aim of this study was to show that supervised senior residents can safely perform TEP repairs in a teaching setting. METHODS: All consecutive patients treated for inguinal hernias by laparoscopic approach from October 2008 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed from a prospective database...
September 15, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Sachin Mathur, Ssu-Yu Suei Lin
BACKGROUND: The number of cases required to overcome the learning curve (LC) for laparoscopic extra-peritoneal inguinal hernia repair (TEP) varies widely in the literature. Less is known about the LC for inexperienced surgeons performing this procedure early in their career. The present study describes the technical challenges of TEP repair and the LC from the perspective of a recently qualified general surgeon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a single-surgeon experience of TEP repairs performed during the first 2 y of practice from 2011-2013...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Önder Sürgit, Nadir Turgut Çavuşoğlu, Murat Özgür Kılıç, Yılmaz Ünal, Pınar Nergis Koşar, Duygu İçen
PURPOSE: Seroma is among the most common complications of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (TEP) for especially large indirect inguinal hernia, and may be regarded as a recurrence by some patients. A potential area localized behind the mesh and extending from the inguinal cord into the scrotum may be one of the major etiological factors of this complication. Our aim is to describe a novel technique in preventing pseudorecurrence by using fibrin sealant to close that potential dead space...
September 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Jeffrey Michael Smith, Shivam Gupta, Emma Williams, Kate Brickson, Keth Ly Sotha, Navuth Tep, Anthony Calibo, Mary Christine Castro, Bernabe Marinduque, Mark Hathaway
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a simple quality improvement initiative consisting of a technical update and regular audit and feedback sessions will result in increased use of antenatal corticosteroids among pregnant women at risk of imminent preterm birth delivering at health facilities in the Philippines and Cambodia. DESIGN: Non-randomized, observational study using a pre-/post-intervention design conducted between October 2013 and June 2014. SETTING: A total of 12 high volume facilities providing Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care services in Cambodia (6) and Philippines (6)...
September 10, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Erdem Kinaci, Mustafa Ates, Abuzer Dirican, Dincer Ozgor
BACKGROUND: The identification of retropubic vasculature is not easy under the pressure of insufflated gas during totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernioplasty. We aimed to present the usefulness of a maneuver that allows the clear identification of retropubic vasculature. METHODS: Vascular anatomy on the retropubic surface in 364 patients who underwent the TEP procedure from January 2005 to September 2015 was evaluated. In patients after July 2014, the pressure in the workspace was decreased from 14 to 8 mmHg before fixation of the mesh to clearly identify the veins...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Flore Vărcuş, Ciprian Duţă, Amadeus Dobrescu, Fuger Lazăr, Marius Papurica, Cristi Tarta
AIM: The purpose of the study was to compare the results of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair using two different methods: transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair and the technique of totally extraperitoneal repair (TEP). METHODS: In this retrospective study were included 90 cases of inguinal hernia that underwent for laparoscopic approach of inguinal hernia repair at the Emergency County Hospital Timisoara at the 2nd Surgical Clinic between 2012 and 2013. The primary outcome was recurrence of the hernia at two years follow-up...
July 2016: Chirurgia
J Liu, M M Benjamin
Microgranular adsorptive filtration (μGAF) is a water treatment technique in which adsorption and granular media filtration operate simultaneously as water passes through a thin layer of adsorbent pre-deposited on a woven mesh or membrane. Our previous work showed that when heated aluminum oxide particles (HAOPs) are the adsorbent in such systems, substantial natural organic matter (NOM) removal and fouling reduction can be achieved. The present study investigated the effects of feed water chemistry and operational conditions on μGAF performance...
November 15, 2016: Water Research
Lava Y Patel, Brittany Lapin, Matthew E Gitelis, Craig Brown, John G Linn, Stephen Haggerty, Woody Denham, Zeeshan Butt, Ermilo Barrera, Ray Joehl, JoAnn Carbray, Tyler Hall, Michael B Ujiki
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair has been shown to offer patients the benefit of less postoperative pain as compared to traditional open techniques. However, the risk of experiencing significant postoperative pain may affect patient's decision making. We aimed to elucidate potential patterns of pain and the predictors of such, up to 2 years postoperatively, using both generic and specific quality of life tools. METHODS: Patients undergoing laparoscopic totally extra-peritoneal inguinal hernia repair were identified from a prospectively maintained database...
September 1, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
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