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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926806/updates-from-the-literature-november-december-2016
#1
Sharon Bond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926725/an-update-on-obtaining-and-enforcing-therapeutic-antibody-patent-claims
#2
Theresa Gresl, Ulrich Storz, Colin Sandercock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926564/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prophylactic-mesh-during-primary-stoma-formation-to-prevent-parastomal-hernia
#3
Stephen J Chapman, Benjamin Wood, Thomas M Drake, Neville Young, David G Jayne
BACKGROUND: Implantation of mesh at the time of stoma formation may reduce the rate of parastomal hernia. Until recently, the evidence has been limited to only a few small randomized controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: We present an updated systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the effect of mesh prophylaxis on rates of parastomal hernia. We examine ongoing and unpublished trials via online registries and propose recommendations for future research. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched up to March 2016 for published randomized controlled trials...
January 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926548/liver-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-current-update-on-treatment-and-allocation
#4
Leigh Anne Dageforde, Kathryn J Fowler, William C Chapman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the current imaging modalities and criteria used to diagnose, and the role of liver transplantation as well as nonsurgical hepatic-directed therapies to treat hepatocellular carcinoma in the setting of chronic liver disease. RECENT FINDINGS: There has been continual evolution of guidelines, policies, and algorithms for the imaging diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma, particularly the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System...
December 6, 2016: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926547/liver-redistricting-what-are-the-upcoming-changes-in-liver-allocation-in-the-united-states
#5
Therese Bittermann, David S Goldberg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Geographic disparity in liver transplantation is substantial in the United States, and primarily a byproduct of artificially created zones of organ distribution. In 2016, the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) put forward a formal redistricting proposal with the goal of reducing this variability by regrouping the country's 58 donation service areas into eight new districts. This review provides a summary of the redistricting proposal's methodologies, expected results, criticisms and next steps...
December 6, 2016: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926543/effects-of-exercise-interventions-and-physical-activity-behavior-on-cancer-related-cognitive-impairments-an-update
#6
Nils Schaffrath, Max Oberste, Philipp Zimmer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to give an update on studies investigating the influence of physical activity behavior and exercise interventions on cancer-related cognitive impairments. RECENT FINDINGS: Cross-sectional and observational studies underline previous findings, revealing an association of cancer patients' fitness and their cognitive functions. Results from interventional studies are sparse. Only one study investigated self-perceived cognitive function in breast cancer patients as a secondary outcome, indicating no effects...
December 6, 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926540/the-novel-interleukin-1-cytokine-family-members-in-inflammatory-diseases
#7
Madelaine Hahn, Silke Frey, Axel J Hueber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an update on the new interleukin-1 (IL-1) cytokine family members in inflammatory diseases with focus on recent findings concerning the family members IL-36, IL-37, and IL-38 and their different expression patterns. RECENT FINDINGS: The IL-1 cytokines are known to be involved in many different inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The latest IL-1 family members, IL-36, IL-37, and IL-38 have been shown to be differently regulated during course of disease...
December 6, 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926463/international-dentistry-research-update-2016
#8
EDITORIAL
Christiane Kunert-Keil, Tomasz Gredes, Werner Götz, Friedhelm Heinemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925845/economic-studies-applied-to-vaccines-against-invasive-diseases-an-updated-budget-impact-analysis-of-age-based-pneumococcal-vaccination-strategies-in-the-elderly-in-italy
#9
Sara Boccalini, Angela Bechini, Roberto Gasparini, Donatella Panatto, Daniela Amicizia, Paolo Bonanni
Many evaluations have been carried out on the economic impact of pneumococcal vaccination in older adults (>64 years of age) in several countries, including Italy. However, these studies did not include the new data on the effectiveness of 13-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13) in the elderly reported by the CAPiTA Study. The aim of the present study was to update our previous budget impact analysis of multi-cohort PCV13 vaccination in adults in Italy by including new scientific evidence. We also compared single-cohort vaccination strategies per year, in order to identify the cohort with the most favourable economic profile, in the event of the multi-cohort approach not being economically sustainable for the National Health System (NHS)...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925843/incidence-of-herpes-zoster-and-post-herpetic-neuralgia-in-italy-results-from-a-three-years-population-based-study
#10
Cristiano Alicino, Cecilia Trucchi, Chiara Paganino, Ilaria Barberis, Sara Boccalini, Domenico Martinelli, Barbara Pellizzari, Angela Bechini, Andrea Orsi, Paolo Bonanni, Rosa Prato, Stefania Iannazzo, Giancarlo Icardi
Herpes Zoster (HZ) and its main complication, post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN), represent important public health issues because of their relevant burden among older adults. However, data on the epidemiology of HZ and PHN in Italy are very limited. A population-based study was performed by seeking for cases of HZ and PHN, occurred in the period 2013-2015, in the clinical charts of 56 General Practitioners working in four Italian Regions (Liguria, Puglia, Toscana and Veneto). The main objective of the study was to estimate the incidence of HZ and the proportion of PHN (at 1 and 3 months from the onset of HZ; PHN1 and PHN3) among people aged ≥ 50 years...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925590/modality-invariant-image-classification-based-on-modality-uniqueness-and-dictionary-learning
#11
Seungryong Kim, Rui Cai, Kihong Park, Sunok Kim, Kwanghoon Sohn
We present a unified framework for image classification of image sets taken under varying modality conditions. Our method is motivated by a key observation that the image feature distribution is simultaneously influenced by the semantic-class and the modality category label, which limits the performance of conventional methods for that task. With this insight, we introduce modality uniqueness as a discriminative weight that divides each modality cluster from all other clusters. By leveraging the modality uniqueness, our framework is formulated as unsupervised modality clustering and classifier learning based on modality-invariant similarity kernel...
December 2, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925531/rcn-advises-nurses-on-use-of-personal-mobile-phones-for-work-purposes
#12
(no author information available yet)
Nurses should not use personal mobile phones to record, transmit or store a patient's personal details, health information or images, according to updated guidance from the RCN.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925467/low-grade-glioma-an-update-for-radiologists
#13
Jennifer Larsen, Steve B Wharton, Charles Romanowski, Fiona M McKevitt, Caroline Bridgewater, Hesham Zaki, Nigel Hoggard
With the recent publication of a new World Health Organization (WHO) brain tumour classification that reflects increased understanding of glioma tumour genetics there is a need for radiologists to understand the changes and their implications for patient management. There has also been an increasing trend for adopting earlier, more aggressive surgical approaches to low grade glioma treatment. We will summarise these changes, give some context to the increased role of tumour genetics and discuss the associated implications for radiologists of their adoption...
December 7, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925409/more-improvement-than-progression-of-liver-fibrosis-following-antiretroviral-therapy-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-hiv-infected-patients-with-or-without-hbv-and-hcv-co-infections
#14
Yingying Ding, Song Duan, Runhua Ye, Yuecheng Yang, Shitang Yao, Jibao Wang, Dongdong Cao, Xing Liu, Lin Lu, Manhong Jia, Zunyou Wu, Na He
We examined the effect of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) on liver fibrosis among HIV-infected patients with or without Hepatitis B (HBV) or C virus (HCV) co-infection. This was a retrospective cohort study of HIV-infected patients receiving cART during 2004-2016. Liver fibrosis was assessed using Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) score with 3 classifications: Class 1, < 1.45; Class 2, 1.45-3.25; Class 3, > 3.25. Of 3,900 participants, 68.6% were HIV mono-infected, 5.3% were HIV/HBV co-infected, 23.8% were HIV/HCV co-infected and 2...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925312/implementation-of-the-bethe-salpeter-equation-in-the-turbomole-program
#15
Katharina Krause, Wim Klopper
A software update solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) is reported for the ESCF module of the TURBOMOLE program for the theoretical description of electronically excited states of atoms and molecules. A resolution-of-the-identity (RI) approximation is used for all two-electron electron-repulsion integrals that are required for solving the equation. Symmetry is utilized for the point group D2h and its subgroups, and the BSE approach can be applied in either a spin-restricted or a spin-unrestricted Kohn-Sham formalism...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924760/p-wave-dispersion-an-update
#16
REVIEW
Andrés Ricardo Pérez-Riera, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, José Grindler, Acácio Fernandes-Cardoso, Adrian Baranchuk
P-wave dispersion (PWD, Pd or Pdis) is a noninvasive electrocardiographic (ECG) marker for atrial remodeling and predictor for atrial fibrillation (AF). PWD is defined as the difference between the widest and the narrowest P-wave duration recorded from the 12 ECG leads. Increased P-wave duration and PWD reflect prolongation of intraatrial and interatrial conduction time with lack of a well-coordinated conduction system within the atrial muscles, with inhomogeneous, asynchronic, pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effect mediated by interleukin-6 (IL-6) in patients with the CG + GG genotype IL-6 -634C/G polymorphism [1] and discontinuous propagation of sinus impulses mainly between the left and right atria, interstitial/extracellular fibroblast activation and collagen deposition with fibrosis (via TGF-β) in atrial tissue, insufficient blood supply, significant not isotropic myoelectric activity, and thin wall thickness and consequent expansion tendency all well-known electrophysiological characteristics in patients with atrial arrhythmias and especially paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) [2]...
July 2016: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924688/susceptibility-to-vaccine-preventable-diseases-and-vaccination-adherence-among-healthcare-workers-in-italy-a-cross-sectional-survey-at-a-regional-acute-care-university-hospital-and-a-systematic-review
#17
Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Carolina Scala, Alessandra Toletone, Nicoletta Debarbieri, Mauro Perria, Beatrice D'Amico, Alfredo Montecucco, Mariano Martini, Guglielmo Dini, Paolo Durando
Healthcare Workers (HCWs) have an increased risk both to acquire and to spread vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) both to their colleagues and, especially, to vulnerable patients. The prevention of occupational hazards among HCWs is based on proper adoption of the standard and additional precautions, immunizations, and secondary preventive measures, such as post-exposure prophylaxis. Moreover, HCWs are often referred to as the most trusted source of vaccine-related information for their patients. In the present article, we report the findings of a cross-sectional study investigating the compliance to vaccinations among HCWs employed at the Obstetric Unit of a regional acute-care University Hospital in Northern Italy...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924633/direct-oral-anticoagulants-and-cardiovascular-prevention-in-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Francisco Marín, Manuel Pablo Anguita Sánchez, Marcelo Sanmartín Fernández
Patients with atrial fibrillation have an increased risk for stroke, systemic embolism and cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction and cardiovascular death. However, the majority of studies that have analyzed the efficacy of anticoagulants have been focused only on their effects on the risk of stroke. Areas covered: The available evidence about the association between atrial fibrillation and cardiovascular disease as well as the effects of oral anticoagulation on cardiovascular death and myocardial infarction, with a particular focus on direct oral anticoagulants, was updated in this review...
December 7, 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924590/gene-therapy-of-salivary-diseases
#19
Bruce J Baum, Sandra Afione, John A Chiorini, Ana P Cotrim, Corinne M Goldsmith, Changyu Zheng
For many years, our research group worked to develop gene transfer approaches for salivary gland disorders that lacked effective conventional therapy. The purpose of this chapter is to describe and update key methods used in this process. As described in our original chapter from the 2010 volume, we focus on one clinical condition, irradiation-induced salivary hypofunction, and address the choice of transgene and vector to be used, the construction of recombinant viral vectors, how vector delivery is accomplished, and methods for assessing vector function in vitro and in an appropriate animal model...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924552/what-is-behavioural-medicine-commentary-on-definition-proposed-by-dekker-stauder-and-penedo
#20
Marie Johnston, Derek Johnston
PURPOSE: Dekker et al. (2016) propose an updated definition of behavioural medicine. METHOD: In this commentary, we discuss how the field and the disciplines involved have changed over time before suggesting small amendments to the proposed definition. RESULTS: We suggest that the range of medicine which might be considered 'behavioural' is increasing to encompass virtually all medical practice. In addition, the role of behaviour and the potential for behaviour change as a means of improving health have become increasingly important...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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