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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774846/occupation-associated-fatal-limbic-encephalitis-caused-by-variegated-squirrel-bornavirus-1-germany-2013
#1
Dennis Tappe, Kore Schlottau, Daniel Cadar, Bernd Hoffmann, Lorenz Balke, Burkhard Bewig, Donata Hoffmann, Philip Eisermann, Helmut Fickenscher, Andi Krumbholz, Helmut Laufs, Monika Huhndorf, Maria Rosenthal, Walter Schulz-Schaeffer, Gabriele Ismer, Sven-Kevin Hotop, Mark Brönstrup, Anthonina Ott, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Martin Beer
Limbic encephalitis is commonly regarded as an autoimmune-mediated disease. However, after the recent detection of zoonotic variegated squirrel bornavirus 1 in a Prevost's squirrel (Callosciurus prevostii) in a zoo in northern Germany, we retrospectively investigated a fatal case in an autoantibody-seronegative animal caretaker who had worked at that zoo. The virus had been discovered in 2015 as the cause of a cluster of cases of fatal encephalitis among breeders of variegated squirrels (Sciurus variegatoides) in eastern Germany...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767968/screw-type-motion-and-its-impact-on-cooperativity-in-bana-2-fe-vo-4-2
#2
Anna Reuß, Vadim Ksenofontov, Joshua Tapp, Dirk Wulferding, Peter Lemmens, Martin Panthöfer, Angela Möller
BaNa2 Fe[VO4 ]2 contains a Jahn-Teller active ion (FeII , 3d6 , high-spin) in an octahedral coordination. On the basis of a combination of temperature-dependent X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer and Raman spectroscopies, we demonstrate the coupling of lattice dynamics with the electronic ground state of FeII . We identify three lattice modes combined to an effective canted screw- type motion that drives the structural transition around room temperature from the high-temperature ( P3̅) via intermediate phases to the low-temperature phase ( C2/ c)...
May 16, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767845/final-results-from-a-defibrotide-treatment-ind-study-for-patients-with-hepatic-veno-occlusive-disease-sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome
#3
Nancy A Kernan, Stephan Grupp, Angela R Smith, Sally Arai, Brandon Triplett, Joseph H Antin, Leslie Lehmann, Tsiporah Shore, Vincent T Ho, Nancy Bunin, Massimo Iacobelli, Wei Liang, Robin Hume, William Tappe, Robert Soiffer, Paul Richardson
Hepatic veno-occlusive disease/sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (VOD/SOS) is a potentially life-threatening complication of haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) conditioning and chemotherapy. Defibrotide is approved for treatment of hepatic VOD/SOS with pulmonary or renal dysfunction [i.e., multi-organ dysfunction (MOD)] after HSCT in the United States and severe VOD/SOS after HSCT in patients aged older than 1 month in the European Union. Defibrotide was available as an investigational drug by an expanded-access treatment programme (T-IND; NCT00628498)...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766308/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-groin-hernia-repair-observational-case-control-study-on-the-operative-time-during-the-learning-curve
#4
Filip Muysoms, Stijn Van Cleven, Iris Kyle-Leinhase, Conrad Ballecer, Archana Ramaswamy
BACKGROUND: Robotic groin hernia repair (r-TAPP) is demonstrating rapid adoption in the US. Barriers in Europe include: low availability of robotic systems to general surgeons, cost of robotic instruments, and the perception of longer operative time. METHODS: Patients undergoing r-TAPP in our start-up period were prospectively entered in the EuraHS database and compared to laparoscopic TAPP (l-TAPP) performed by the same surgeon within the context of two other prospective studies...
May 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761278/laparoscopic-totally-extraperitoneal-tep-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-patients-with-previous-lower-abdominal-surgery
#5
Toru Zuiki, Jun Ohki, Masanori Ochi, Alan Kawarai Lefor
BACKGROUND: We have performed laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair for inguinal hernia repair for the last 20 years. We use two balloon dilators (sphere and kidney type) to dissect the preperitoneal space for the TEP repair. It may be difficult to obtain exposure in patients who previously underwent lower abdominal surgery, because of adhesions to the abdominal wall. We reviewed our experience with inguinal hernia repairs to retrospectively analyze factors that limit the laparoscopic TEP approach...
May 14, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744865/a-comparison-of-analysis-methods-to-estimate-contingency-strength
#6
Blair P Lloyd, Johanna L Staubitz, Jon T Tapp
To date, several data analysis methods have been used to estimate contingency strength, yet few studies have compared these methods directly. To compare the relative precision and sensitivity of four analysis methods (i.e., exhaustive event-based, nonexhaustive event-based, concurrent interval, concurrent+lag interval), we applied all methods to a simulated data set in which several response-dependent and response-independent schedules of reinforcement were programmed. We evaluated the degree to which contingency strength estimates produced from each method (a) corresponded with expected values for response-dependent schedules and (b) showed sensitivity to parametric manipulations of response-independent reinforcement...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738381/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-repair-of-scrotal-inguinal-hernias
#7
Christopher G Yheulon, Daniel W Maxwell, Fadi M Balla, Ankit D Patel, Edward Lin, Jamil L Stetler, Steven S Davis
BACKGROUND: Scrotal inguinal hernias represent a challenging surgical pathology. Although some advanced laparoscopists can repair these hernias through a minimally invasive approach, open repair is considered the technique of choice for most surgeons. The purpose of this study is to show our results of robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair of scrotal inguinal hernias. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 14 patients with inguinoscrotal hernias who underwent robotic-assisted transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) hernia repair...
May 5, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736763/serum-cytokine-responses-in-rickettsia-felis-infected-febrile-children-ghana
#8
Jessica Rauch, Peter Sothmann, Cassandra Aldrich, Ben Hogan, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Jürgen May, Daniel Eibach, Dennis Tappe
The intracellular pathogen Rickettsia felis causes flea-borne spotted fever and is increasingly recognized as an emerging cause of febrile illness in Africa, where co-infection with Plasmodium falciparum is common. Rickettsiae invade endothelial cells. Little is known, however, about the early immune responses to infection. In this study, we characterize for the first time the cytokine profile in the acute phase of illness caused by R. felis infection, as well as in plasmodial co-infection, using serum from 23 febrile children < 15 years of age and 20 age-matched healthy controls from Ghana...
May 8, 2018: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713930/does-robotic-assisted-transabdominal-preperitoneal-r-tapp-hernia-repair-facilitate-contralateral-investigation-and-repair-without-compromising-patient-morbidity
#9
Eugene O Dickens, Ramachandra Kolachalam, Anthony Gonzalez, Christopher Richardson, Lawrence D'Amico, Jorge Rabaza, Reza Gamagami
Inguinal hernia repair (IHR) is performed through either an open or minimally invasive approach (MIS). MIS allows for exploration and potential repair of an occult contralateral hernia. The aim of this study is to evaluate complications associated with intraoperative contralateral exploration and repair through robotic-assisted (da Vinci® ) IHR. 652 robotic-assisted inguinal hernia procedures were uniformly and retrospectively collected from seven surgeons. Incidental contralateral findings were evaluated and populations with and without contralateral findings were compared in terms of demographics, operative characteristics and complications...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700716/open-versus-robotic-assisted-transabdominal-preperitoneal-r-tapp-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-multicenter-matched-analysis-of-clinical-outcomes
#10
R Gamagami, E Dickens, A Gonzalez, L D'Amico, C Richardson, J Rabaza, R Kolachalam
PURPOSE: To compare the perioperative outcomes of initial, consecutive robotic-assisted transabdominal preperitoneal (R-TAPP) inguinal hernia repair (IHR) cases with consecutive open cases completed by the same surgeons. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective, comparative study of perioperative results from open and robotic IHR using standard univariate and multivariate regression analyses for propensity score matched (1:1) cohorts. RESULTS: Seven general surgeons at six institutions contributed 602 consecutive open IHR and 652 consecutive R-TAPP IHR cases...
April 26, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698376/perspectives-on-pas-as-researchers
#11
Lindsay Shade, Hazel Tapp, Michael Dulin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688866/does-the-use-of-hernia-mesh-in-surgical-inguinal-hernia-repairs-cause-male-infertility-a-systematic-review-and-descriptive-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Zhiyong Dong, Stacy Ann Kujawa, Cunchuan Wang, Hong Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the available clinical trials examining male infertility after inguinal hernias were repaired using mesh procedures. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Chinese Biomedical Medicine Database were investigated. The Jada score was used to evaluate the quality of the studies, "Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine-Levels of Evidence" was used to assess the level of the trials, and descriptive analysis was used to evaluate the studies...
April 23, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630162/fluctuating-lesion-of-the-scalp-after-a-journey-to-the-tropics-a-case-of-furunculoid-myiasis
#13
Sara Geyer, Galina Balakirski, Dennis Tappe, Claudio Cacch, Ruth Knüchel-Clarke, Laurenz Schmit
Fluctuating lesions or furuncles of the scalp occur frequently in dermatological practice. This clinical condition is often caused by gram positive bacteria (e.g. staphylococcal or streptococcal skin infection) or fungal infection (e.g. Kerion celsi). However, a rare diagnosis such as myiasis might be considered, especially if a journey to an endemic area is reported. Herein, we present a case of furunculoid myiasis of the scalp and review the pathogenesis and therapeutic options to treat this condition.
February 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620392/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-culturally-adapted-program-for-latinas-with-binge-eating
#14
Fary M Cachelin, Virginia Gil-Rivas, Brooke Palmer, Alyssa Vela, Phoutdavone Phimphasone, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Hazel Tapp
Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most prevalent eating disorder among Latinas. Furthermore, Latinas report more frequent binge eating and higher levels of associated mental health symptoms as compared with non-Latino White women. Research demonstrates that Latinas' eating problems largely go undetected and untreated and that they face numerous barriers to seeking professional help. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)-based guided self-help (CBTgsh) for binge eating is a more affordable and disseminable intervention than traditional CBT treatment...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605152/pharmacologic-hemostatic-agents-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#15
Dipak B Ramkumar, Niveditta Ramkumar, Stephanie J Tapp, Wayne E Moschetti
BACKGROUND: Total knee and hip arthroplasties can be associated with substantial blood loss, affecting morbidity and even mortality. Two pharmacological antifibrinolytics, ε-aminocaproic acid (EACA) and tranexamic acid (TXA) have been used to minimize perioperative blood loss, but both have associated morbidity. Given the added cost of these medications and the risks associated with then, a cost-effectiveness analysis was undertaken to ascertain the best strategy. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness model was constructed using the payoffs of cost (in United States dollars) and effectiveness (quality-adjusted life expectancy, in days)...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603008/the-change-in-groin-pain-perception-after-transabdominal-preperitoneal-inguinal-hernia-repair-with-glue-fixation-a-prospective-trial-of-a-single-surgeon-s-experience
#16
Kryspin Mitura, Karolina Garnysz, Dorota Wyrzykowska, Irmina Michałek
BACKGROUND: Although inguinal hernia is one of the most common conditions requiring surgical treatment, no reliable information is available on the quality of life of patients with inguinal hernias before surgery. Additionally, patients with intense inguinal pain prior to surgery are more susceptible to postoperative chronic pain. In such cases, less invasive laparoscopic techniques can be used, allowing atraumatic mesh fixation to reduce postoperative pain. The aim of the study was to determine, whether these treatments for patients with preoperative pain would minimize upsetting experiences after surgery...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594167/first-experiences-with-the-new-senhance%C3%A2-telerobotic-system-in-visceral-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Dietmar Stephan, Heike Sälzer, Frank Willeke
Until recently, robotic-assisted surgery has exclusively been connected to the name DaVinci®. In 2016, a second robotic system, the Senhance®, became available. To introduce the new robotic system into clinical routine, detailed team training and an integration program were useful. Within the first 6 months, 116 cases were performed with this system. The integration program intended to start with simple and well-standardized clinical cases. We chose inguinal hernia repair using the TAPP (transabdominal preperitoneal) technique as the starting procedure...
February 2018: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575954/ototoxicity-the-radical-drum-beat-and-rhythm-of-cochlear-hair-cell-life-and-death
#18
David V Gauvin, Joshua Yoder, Zachary J Zimmermann, Rachel Tapp
The function and structure of the auditory information processing system establishes a unique sensory environment for the "perfect storm." The battle between life and death pits the cascade of an apoptotic storm, programmed cell death cascades, against simple cell death (necrosis) pathways. Live or die, the free radical biology of oxygen and hydroxylation, and the destruction of transition metal migration through the mechanical gate sensory processes of the hair cell lead to direct access to the cytoplasm, cytoplasmic reticulum, and mitochondria of the inner workings of the hair cells...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567637/patient-and-family-engagement-in-the-design-of-a-mobile-health-solution-for-pediatric-asthma-development-and-feasibility-study
#19
Andrew McWilliams, Kelly Reeves, Lindsay Shade, Elizabeth Burton, Hazel Tapp, Cheryl Courtlandt, Andrew Gunter, Michael F Dulin
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a highly prevalent, chronic disease with significant morbidity, cost, and disparities in health outcomes. While adherence to asthma treatment guidelines can improve symptoms and decrease exacerbations, most patients receive care that is not guideline-based. New approaches that incorporate shared decision-making (SDM) and health information technology (IT) are needed to positively impact asthma management. Despite the promise of health IT to improve efficiency and outcomes in health care, new IT solutions frequently suffer from a lack of widespread adoption and do not achieve desired results, as a consequence of not involving end-users in design...
March 22, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560959/-the-first-experience-of-tapp-and-tep-allohernioplasty-in-patients-with-inguinal-hernias-at-crh
#20
A A Polyakov
AIM: To improve the outcomes in patients with inguinal hernias by application of advanced minimally invasive procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The article describes an experience of 59 laparoscopic allohernioplasties in 48 patients at the central regional hospital. There were bilateral hernias in 11 cases. Transabdominal preperitoneal (n=49) and extraperitoneal (n=10) placement of polypropylene mesh graft were used. RESULTS: Intraoperative complications such as sigmoid colon lesion occurred in 2 patients with sliding left-sided hernia...
2018: Khirurgiia
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