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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102313/cultivation-and-energy-efficient-harvesting-of-microalgae-using-thermoreversible-sol-gel-transition
#1
Bendy Estime, Dacheng Ren, Radhakrishna Sureshkumar
Microalgae represent a promising source of renewable biomass for the production of biofuels and valuable chemicals. However, energy efficient cultivation and harvesting technologies are necessary to improve economic viability. A Tris-Acetate-Phosphate-Pluronic (TAPP) medium that undergoes a thermoreversible sol-gel transition is developed to efficiently culture and harvest microalgae without affecting the productivity as compared to that in traditional culture in a well-mixed suspension. After seeding microalgae in the TAPP medium in a solution phase at 15 °C, the temperature is increased by 7 °C to induce gelation...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100181/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-retinal-microvasculature
#2
Ling-Jun Li, Michael Kramer, Robyn J Tapp, Ryan E K Man, Ngee Lek, Shirong Cai, Fabian Yap, Peter Gluckman, Kok Hian Tan, Yap Seng Chong, Jia Yu Koh, Seang Mei Saw, Yin Bun Cheung, Tien Yin Wong
BACKGROUND: Small-vessel dysfunction may be an important consequence of chronic hyperglycemia. We examined the association between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a state of transient hyperglycemia during pregnancy, and retinal microvascular changes in pregnant women at 26-28 weeks of pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 1136 pregnant women with singleton pregnancies were recruited during their first trimester at two major Singapore maternity hospitals in an on-going birth cohort study...
January 18, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091694/-evidence-based-tep-technique
#3
F Köckerling
The guidelines of all international hernia societies recommend as procedures of choice the laparoendoscopic techniques total extraperitoneal patch plasty (TEP) and transabdominal preperitoneal patch plasty (TAPP) as well as the open Lichtenstein operation for elective inguinal hernia repair. The learning curve associated with the laparoendoscopic techniques, in particular TEP, is longer than that for the open Lichtenstein technique due to the complexity of the procedures. Accordingly, for laparoendoscopic techniques it is particularly important that the operations are conducted in a standardized manner in compliance with the evidence-based recommendations given for the technical details...
January 13, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073949/the-effects-of-feedback-and-incentive-based-insurance-on-driving-behaviours-study-approach-and-protocols
#4
Mark Stevenson, Anthony Harris, Duncan Mortimer, Jasper S Wijnands, Alan Tapp, Frank Peppard, Samantha Buckis
BACKGROUND: Road injury is the leading cause of death for young people, with human error a contributing factor in many crash events. This research is the first experimental study to examine the extent to which direct feedback and incentive-based insurance modifies a driver's behaviour. The study applies in-vehicle telematics and will link the information obtained from the technology directly to personalised safety messaging and personal injury and property damage insurance premiums. METHODS: The study has two stages...
January 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034918/patient-perspectives-on-engagement-in-shared-decision-making-for-asthma-care
#5
Hazel Tapp, Diane Derkowski, Melissa Calvert, Madelyn Welch, Sara Spencer
INTRODUCTION: Engagement of patient and advocacy group stakeholders is increasingly considered essential to meaningful outcomes research. Patient-centred research benefits from partnership formation between patients, clinicians and research team members. Here, we describe the rationale for engaging patients on a research team and a case study of patient engagement on an asthma shared decision-making study. METHODS: Here, we describe a case study of patient engagement in outcomes research and examine the variety of roles patients are engaged in and the associated impact on the study...
December 29, 2016: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033260/transabdominal-preperitoneal-laparoscopic-approach-for-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-report-of-73-cases
#6
Shuo Yang, Guangyong Zhang, Cuihong Jin, Jinxin Cao, Yilin Zhu, Yingmo Shen, Minggang Wang
To investigate the efficacy, key technical points, and complication management of the transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) approach for incarcerated inguinal hernia repair. Seventy-three patients with incarcerated inguinal hernias underwent TAPP surgery in our department between Jan 2010 and Dec 2015. A retrospective review was performed by analyzing the perioperative data from these patients. The operation was successfully completed in all 73 patients. Operation time was 54.0 ± 18.8 minutes (range, 35-100 minutes)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012148/ultrasonic-energy-device-versus-monopolar-energy-device-in-laparoscopic-transabdominal-preperitoneal-tapp-inguinal-hernia-repair
#7
Shimpei Otsuka, Yuji Kaneoka, Atsuyuki Maeda, Yuichi Takayama, Yasuyuki Fukami, Shunsuke Onoe
Laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) is gaining popularity as an approach to repairing of inguinal hernia. In many institutions, a disposable ultrasonic energy device is used in the TAPP repair procedure. However, the benefit and necessity of an ultrasonic device are unclear. We have switched to use of a reusable monopolar energy device, and we conducted a retrospective study comparing the surgical results obtained with each of the energy devices. Our study group comprised 241 adults who underwent TAPP repair for inguinal hernia between November 2012 and December 2014...
December 23, 2016: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996378/fast-early-recovery-after-transabdominal-preperitoneal-repair-in-athletes-with-sportsman-s-groin-a-prospective-clinical-cohort-study
#8
Herwig Pokorny, Christoph Resinger, Ines Fischer, Veit Lorenz, Helge Noske, Stefan Podar, Friedrich Längle, Rudolf Schrittwieser
BACKGROUND: Current literature on chronic groin pain suggests that laparoscopic mesh repair on athletes enables a faster recovery and subsequent return to unrestricted athletic activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) mesh repair in athletes resistant to conservative therapy. METHODS: A multidisciplinary approach with tailored physiotherapy. Thirty-nine professional athletes with chronic groin pain were referred to surgery at a single clinic...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984700/beef-assessments-using-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-sensory-evaluation
#9
W N Tapp, T H Davis, D Paniukov, J C Brooks, M M Brashears, M F Miller
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has been used to unveil how some foods and basic rewards are processed in the human brain. This study evaluated how resting state functional connectivity in regions of the human brain changed after differing qualities of beef steaks were consumed. Functional images of participants (n=8) were collected after eating high or low quality beef steaks on separate days, after consumption a sensory ballot was administered to evaluate consumers' perceptions of tenderness, juiciness, flavor, and overall liking...
December 8, 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975361/-monastery-medicine-what-s-the-story-behind-it-what-s-reasonable-what-s-no-good
#10
Heike Will, Iris Eisenmann-Tappe
"Monastery medicine" refers to the traditional medieval European medicine, which was above all in the hands of monks and nuns. We warn against the uncritical application of the historical treatment recommendations, such as by Hildegard von Bingen, as herbal humoralpathological drugs are not always harmless. Modern phytotherapy, however, is well-founded in science. Combined with adapted monastic elements such as dietetics and regulative therapy, as the basis of a "new monastery medicine", it can be used as a supplement to academic medicine...
December 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927671/what-it-feels-like-to-be-an-interesting-teaching-opportunity
#11
Ruth Tapp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924394/does-peritoneal-flap-closure-technique-following-transabdominal-preperitoneal-tapp-inguinal-hernia-repair-make-a-difference-in-postoperative-pain-a-long-term-quality-of-life-comparison
#12
Samuel W Ross, Steven A Groene, Tanu Prasad, Amy E Lincourt, Kent W Kercher, Vedra A Augenstein, B Todd Heniford
BACKGROUND: Transabdominal, preperitoneal (TAPP), laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (IHR) requires the creation of a peritoneal flap (PF) that must be closed after mesh placement. Our previous study indicated that sutured PF closure resulted in less short-term postoperative pain at 2 and 4 weeks compared to tacks and staples. Therefore, the aim of this follow-up study was to compare short-term QOL with a greater sample size and long-term QOL at 2 years by method of PF closure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective institutional hernia-specific database was assessed for all adult TAPP IHRs from July 2012 to May 2015...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884334/assessment-of-the-incidence-of-chronic-pain-and-discomfort-after-primary-inguinal-hernia-repair
#13
Hideyuki Takata, Takeshi Matsutani, Nobutoshi Hagiwara, Junji Ueda, Hiroki Arai, Yasuyuki Yokoyama, Tsutomu Nomura, Eiji Uchida
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain and discomfort is a notable complication after inguinal hernia repair. This study assesses the incidence and degree of chronic pain and discomfort after primary inguinal hernia repair performed in our hospital and aims to clarify its relationship to the type of mesh placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 334 patients (378 lesions) who underwent primary inguinal hernia using the Lichtenstein (onlay mesh), Ultrapro Plug (UPP; onlay plus plug mesh), modified Kugel Patch (onlay and underlay mesh), or laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP; underlay mesh) procedure...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873766/incidental-finding-of-giant-pericardial-lipoma
#14
Handi Salim, Dhakshinamurthy Vijay Anand, Richard Watkin, Luke Tapp
We describe a patient with an incidental finding of a large mass adjacent to the heart detected on a screening CT scan. The differential diagnosis included primary and secondary tumours of the heart. Subsequent investigation with trans-thoracic echocardiogram and cardiac MRI confirmed a diagnosis of a giant pericardial lipoma, one of the common benign primary cardiac tumours.
November 21, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870783/preperitoneal-suction-technique-to-secure-the-proper-mesh-position-during-laparoscopic-herniorrhaphy
#15
Nobutoshi Soeta, Takuro Saito, Fujio Ito, Mitsukazu Gotoh
PURPOSE: Dislocation of the mesh is 1 cause of recurrence after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR). Here, we propose a new procedure, the "preperitoneal cavity suction technique," to confirm mesh position during LIHR under a transabdominal preperitoneal approach (TAPP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We developed the "preperitoneal cavity suction technique" during LIHR by TAPP, visualizing the mesh through the closed peritoneum by vacuuming up the carbon dioxide and effusion at the preperitoneal cavity using a suction tube inserted through the tunnel from a laterally placed trocar into the preperitoneal space...
December 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867954/laparoscopic-repair-of-inguinal-hernia-in-adults
#16
Xue-Fei Yang, Jia-Lin Liu
Laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia is mini-invasive and has confirmed effects. The procedures include intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) repair, transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair and total extraperitoneal (TEP) repair. These procedures have totally different anatomic point of view, process and technical key points from open operations. The technical details of these operations are discussed in this article, also the strategies of treatment for some special conditions.
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859053/b-cell-intrinsic-function-of-tapp-adaptors-in-controlling-germinal-center-responses-and-autoantibody-production-in-mice
#17
Nipun Jayachandran, Ivan Landego, Sen Hou, Dario R Alessi, Aaron J Marshall
Control of B-cell signal transduction is critical to prevent production of pathological autoantibodies. Tandem PH domain containing proteins (TAPPs) specifically bind PI(3,4)P2, a phosphoinositide product generated by PI 3-kinases and the phosphatase SHIP. TAPP KI mice bearing PH domain-inactivating mutations in both TAPP1 and TAPP2 genes, uncoupling them from PI(3,4)P2, exhibit increased BCR-induced activation of the kinase Akt and develop lupus-like characteristics including anti-DNA antibodies and deposition of immune complexes in kidneys...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854390/can-risk-factors-clinical-history-and-symptoms-be-used-to-predict-risk-of-ectopic-pregnancy-in-women-attending-an-early-pregnancy-assessment-unit
#18
F Ayim, S Tapp, S Guha, L Ameye, M Al-Memar, A Sayasneh, C Bottomley, D Gould, C Stalder, D Timmerman, T Bourne
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether risk factors and symptoms may be used to predict the likelihood of ectopic pregnancy (EP) in women attending early pregnancy assessment units in the UK. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study of pregnant women under 12 weeks' gestation who were recruited from three London university hospitals between August 2012 and April 2013. One hospital continued recruitment between January and June 2015. A standardized information sheet incorporating patient demographics, medical history and symptoms was completed by patients and confirmed by examining clinicians...
November 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822621/-a%C3%A2-somali-refugee-with-fever-and-abnormal-blood-smear
#19
J Jochum, E Tannich, D Tappe, S Schmiedel
The increasing migration into Europe may confront clinicians with diseases barely known any more in this part of the world. We present a case of louse-borne relapsing fever in a Somali refugee. Blood smears led to the diagnosis of relapsing fever and DNA sequencing was positive for Borrelia recurrentis. This disease should be considered in all patients with unclear fever and a compatible travel or migration history. Blood smears are employed as the primary diagnostic method. Therapy harbors the danger of a Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction, a complication that may require intensive medical care...
November 7, 2016: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813670/results-from-a-pragmatic-prospective-cohort-study-shared-decision-making-improves-outcomes-for-children-with-asthma
#20
Hazel Tapp, Lindsay Shade, Rohan Mahabaleshwarkar, Yhenneko J Taylor, Thomas Ludden, Michael F Dulin
OBJECTIVE: Patient/provider shared decision making (SDM) improves asthma control in a pragmatic clinical trial setting. This study evaluated the impact of an evidence-based SDM toolkit on outcomes for patients with asthma implemented by providers in a real world setting. We hypothesized that these patients with asthma would demonstrate improved outcomes such as reduced emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and oral steroid use in the 12 months following a SDM visit compared to those who did not receive the intervention...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
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