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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168938/high-dependency-care-experiences-of-the-psychosocial-work-environment
#1
Hanif Abdul Rahman, Lin Naing, Khadizah Abdul-Mumin
AIM: to explore high-dependency care nurses' experiences of their psychosocial work environment. METHODS: four focus groups were conducted with 23 emergency and critical care hospital nurses in Brunei. All sessions were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive-approach thematic analysis. FINDINGS: three major themes were identified. 'Specialisation/specific skills' explained a fundamental requirement for the high-dependency care nurses to work effectively and efficiently in their workplace...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167223/graduate-training-at-the-interface-of-computational-and-experimental-biology-an-outcome-report-from-a-partnership-of-volunteers-between-a-university-and-a-national-laboratory
#2
Albrecht G von Arnim, Anamika Missra
Leading voices in the biological sciences have called for a transformation in graduate education leading to the PhD degree. One area commonly singled out for growth and innovation is cross-training in computational science. In 1998, the University of Tennessee (UT) founded an intercollegiate graduate program called the UT-ORNL Graduate School of Genome Science and Technology in partnership with the nearby Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Here, we report outcome data that attest to the program's effectiveness in graduating computationally enabled biologists for diverse careers...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166989/use-of-a-patient-specific-outcome-measure-and-a-movement-classification-system-to-guide-nonsurgical-management-of-a-circus-performer-with-low-back-pain-a-case-report
#3
Ruth L Chimenti, Linda R Van Dillen, Lynnette Khoo-Summers
Low back pain (LBP) can be detrimental to the career of a circus arts performer, yet there is minimal population-specific literature to guide care. Moreover, reluctance to discontinue training and the need to resume end-range lumbar motion can impede the success of conservative care. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of a patient-specific outcome measure and a movement classification system to structure a home exercise program (HEP) for an adolescent training to be a circus performer. The patient was a 16-year-old female with a 10-month history of LBP...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166986/a-retrospective-assessment-of-return-to-function-in-dance-after-physical-therapy-for-common-dance-injuries
#4
Emily Junck, Megan Richardson, Faye Dilgen, Marijeanne Liederbach
An injury that causes a dancer to take time away from training or performance can be career ending, and thus it is important for dancers to have accurate expectations when considering treatment options. Thus far, few studies have reported functional outcomes after injury in dancers, which may be different than for the general athletic population. Therefore, our study sought to determine functional outcomes in dancers after operative and non-operative treatment for common dance injuries. Our outcome measures included a subjective assessment of the degree to which a dancer had returned to his or her previous level of dance, the SF-12 survey, and the WHO functional outcome scale modified for dance...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166354/smoothing-the-transition-points-in-canadian-medical-education
#5
Nick Busing, Jay Rosenfield, Kamal Rungta, Matt Raegele, Andrew Warren, Bruce Wright, Mark Walton, Ivy Oandasan, Anthony Sanfilippo, Anurag Saxena
In 2010 the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada, Collège des médecins du Québec, College of Family Physicians of Canada, and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada launched The Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Project to examine postgraduate medical education (PGME) in Canada and make recommendations for improvement. One recommendation that emerged concerns the transitions learners experience across the undergraduate medical education-PGME-practice continuum...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166224/a-reanalysis-of-occupation-and-suicide-negative-perceptions-of-the-workplace-linked-to-suicide-attempts
#6
Matt Howard, Morgan Krannitz
Suicide is the ultimate outcome of poor psychological well-being; however, there is a paucity of research examining the link between occupation and suicide, despite early academic interest and the known importance of work to our everyday lives. We propose that this body of research was abandoned prematurely, and we provide a reanalysis by integrating the Job Characteristics Model and the Conservation of Resources model with extant suicide research. Specifically, we hypothesize that work design characteristics (job autonomy, task variety, physical demands) and threats to personal resources (absence of viewing work-as-career, work-family conflict, family-work conflict, job dissatisfaction) are linked to suicide attempts via depression and suicidal ideation...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166149/journal-club-redefining-the-radiology-curriculum-in-medical-school-vertical-integration-and-global-accessibility
#7
Michele Retrouvey, Anthony Paul Trace, Craig W Goodmurphy, Sarah Shaves
OBJECTIVE: Radiology interconnects medical disciplines given that a working understanding of imaging is essential to clinicians of every specialty. Using online education, we created a globally accessible, web-based undergraduate medical radiology curriculum modeled after the National Medical Student Curriculum in Radiology program of the Alliance of Medical Student Educators in Radiology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-four radiology faculty-mentored video modules were produced, 50 of which were integrated into the 1st-year anatomy course...
November 22, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164161/determining-the-most-important-factors-involved-in-ranking-orthopaedic-sports-medicine-fellowship-applicants
#8
Rishi Baweja, Matthew J Kraeutler, Mary K Mulcahey, Eric C McCarty
Background: Orthopaedic surgery residencies and certain fellowships are becoming increasingly competitive. Several studies have identified important factors to be taken into account when selecting medical students for residency interviews. Similar information for selecting orthopaedic sports medicine fellows does not exist. Purpose: To determine the most important factors that orthopaedic sports medicine fellowship program directors (PDs) take into account when ranking applicants...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162061/medical-student-attitudes-and-educational-interventions-to-prevent-neurophobia-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Lisa Shiels, Pratish Majmundar, Aleksander Zywot, John Sobotka, Christine S M Lau, Tuula O Jalonen
BACKGROUND: With an aging American population, the burden of neurologic disease is intensifying and the decline in neurology residents and practicing neurologists is leaving these patients helpless and unable to find care. 'Neurophobia', a chronic illness that begins early in medical school, has been identified as a cause for the low number of neurology residents. METHODS: A longitudinal study surveyed medical students at the beginning of their first year (M1) and then again at the beginning of their second year (M2)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161158/drug-use-and-incarceration-among-rural-appalachian-women-findings-from-a-jail-sample
#10
Michele Staton, Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Carrie Oser, Martha Tillson, Carl Leukefeld, J Matthew Webster, Jennifer R Havens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to examine drug use and incarceration history among rural Appalachian women. METHODS: This study involved random selection, screening, and interviews with rural women from local jails in Appalachia. RESULTS: Of the women randomly selected and screened, 97% met criteria for substance use intervention. Significant factors associated with incarceration history included age, education, custody status, and mental health...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160105/identity-work-and-illness-careers-of-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#11
Camilla Blach Rossen, Niels Buus, Elsebeth Stenager, Egon Stenager
This article reports a case study of the illness career and identity work of patients who have had medically unexplained symptoms for many years with a particular emphasis on their interactions with a specialized and standardized health care system. Patients with medically unexplained symptoms often experience being met with mistrust and feel their identity threatened as a consequence of being illegitimately ill. There is a strong tendency in health care towards assessment thorough standardized so-called assessment packages...
November 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159933/dyspraxia-in-clinical-education-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Eleanor Walker, Sebastian Ck Shaw, Jim Price, Malcolm Reed, John Anderson
BACKGROUND: The stereotype of the student with dyspraxia as 'clumsy and disorganised' may cause clinical teachers to be concerned about the student's performance in a clinical environment; however, if it is understood that dyspraxic students possess many strengths, as well as weaknesses, it may be that some stereotypical myths will be dispelled and more effective support offered to them. This review considers research surrounding the experiences of students and health professionals with dyspraxia within higher education (HE), alongside the personal experiences of EW, in order to inform the development of clinical teachers with respect to their support for learners with dyspraxia...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159788/the-fight-against-tuberculosis-in-the-mid-nineteenth-century-the-pivotal-contribution-of-edoardo-maragliano-1849-1940
#13
Mariano Martini, Ilaria Barberis, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Filippo Paluan
The second half of the nineteenth century saw the development of new medical "specialties", which, like the idea of constitutional disease, had a profound influence on medical practice. Against this lively "backdrop", Edoardo Maragliano played a central role in medicine's "renaissance" in Italy. Having graduated in medicine in 1870 at the University of Naples, he worked as an assistant in the University Medical Clinic. After beginning his academic career as professor of pathology at the Faculty of Medicine in Genoa in 1877, he became full professor of internal medicine in 1881...
November 21, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159602/competitive-advantage-of-mba-for-physician-executives-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Anthony D Turner, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Weidun Alan Guo
In response to systemic challenges facing the US healthcare system, many medical students, residents and practicing physicians are pursuing a Master in Business Administration (MBA) degree. The value of such proposition remains poorly defined. The aim of this review is to analyze current literature pertaining to the added value of MBA training for physician executives (PEs). We hypothesized that physicians who supplement their clinical expertise with business education gain a significant competitive advantage...
November 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158894/career-planning-for-future-surgeons
#15
Sharaf Sheik-Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157716/support-for-transition-of-military-medics-into%C3%A2-civilian-ems-careers
#16
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157575/effects-of-two-different-psychiatric-nursing-courses-on-nursing-students-attitudes-towards-mental-illness-perceptions-of-psychiatric-nursing-and-career-choices
#17
Zekiye Çetinkaya Duman, Neslihan Partlak Günüşen, Figen Şengün İnan, Sevecen Çelik Ince, Ayşe Sari
This quasi-experimental study was carried out to compare the attitudes towards psychiatry patients of students educated with problem-based learning and students educated with a traditional method in western Turkey. The students' perceptions of psychiatric nursing and their career choices were also evaluated. The sample consisted of 202 students; 130 were educated with a problem-based learning model and 72 were educated with a traditional method. Students educated with the problem-based learning method developed more positive attitudes towards mental illness after the psychiatric nursing course in comparison with students educated with the traditional method...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157228/fellowship-training-a-qualitative-study-of-scope-and-purpose-across-one-department-of-medicine
#18
Jolanta Karpinski, Rola Ajjawi, Katherine Moreau
BACKGROUND: Fellowship training follows certification in a primary specialty or subspecialty and focusses on distinct and advanced clinical and/or academic skills. This phase of medical education is growing in prevalence, but has been an "invisible phase of postgraduate training" lacking standards for education and accreditation, as well as funding. We aimed to explore fellowship programs and examine the reasons to host and participate in fellowship training, seeking to inform the future development of fellowship education...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157195/management-of-transient-ischemic-attacks-diagnosed-by-early-career-general-practitioners-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Andrew R Davey, Daniel S Lasserson, Christopher R Levi, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Kim Henderson, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jean Ball, Mieke L van Driel, Lawrie McArthur, Neil A Spike, Parker J Magin
Background Transient ischemic attack incurs a risk of recurrent stroke that can be dramatically reduced by urgent guideline-recommended management at the point of first medical contact. Aims This study describes the prevalence and associations of new transient ischemic attack presentations to general practice registrars and the management undertaken. Methods A cross-sectional analysis of the Registrar Clinical Encounters in Training cohort study. General practice registrars from five Australian states (urban to very remote practices) collected data on 60 consecutive patient encounters during each of their three six-month training terms...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156582/in-memoriam-paolo-cappa
#20
EDITORIAL
Eduardo Palermo, Stefano Rossi, Fabrizio Patanè, Jeffrey Laut, Maurizio Porfiri
Prof. Paolo Cappa passed away on 26 August 2016, at the age of 59, after a long and courageous fight against cancer. Paolo Cappa was a Professor in Mechanical and Thermal Measurements and Experimental Biomechanics in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering of Sapienza University of Rome, where he had also served as the Head of the Department, and a Research Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering of New York University Tandon School of Engineering. During his intense, yet short, career, he made several significant scientific contributions within the discipline of Mechanical and Thermal Measurements, pioneering fundamental applications to Biomechanics...
November 18, 2017: Sensors
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