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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340482/the-effect-of-interprofessional-team-based-learning-among-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#1
Arkers Kwan Ching Wong, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Lap Ki Chan, Namkiu Chan, Fraide A Ganotice, Jacqueline Ho
BACKGROUND: Although interprofessional education has received attention in recent years as a means of providing opportunities for health-care professionals to learn with, from and about other disciplines and enhance the quality of patient care, evidence of its effectiveness is limited. Interprofessional team-based learning was introduced to make it possible for students in different healthcare disciplines to interact with each other, and to prepare them to function effectively within a team in their future career...
March 9, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339721/analysis-of-professional-competencies-for-the-clinical-research-data-management-profession-implications-for-training-and-professional-certification
#2
Meredith N Zozus, Angel Lazarov, Leigh R Smith, Tim E Breen, Susan L Krikorian, Patrick S Zbyszewski, Shelly K Knoll, Debra A Jendrasek, Derek C Perrin, Demetris N Zambas, Tremaine B Williams, Carl F Pieper
Objective: : To assess and refine competencies for the clinical research data management profession. Materials and Methods: : Based on prior work developing and maintaining a practice standard and professional certification exam, a survey was administered to a captive group of clinical research data managers to assess professional competencies, types of data managed, types of studies supported, and necessary foundational knowledge. Results: : Respondents confirmed a set of 91 professional competencies...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333982/understanding-health-policy-leaders-training-needs
#3
Carey Roth Bayer, L Lerissa Smith, Renée Volny Darko, Marissa McKool, Fengxia Yan, Harry Heiman
PURPOSE: We assessed the training needs of health policy leaders and practitioners across career stages; identified areas of core content for health policy training programs; and, identified training modalities for health policy leaders. METHODS: We convened a focus group of health policy leaders at varying career stages to inform the development of the Health Policy Leaders' Training Needs Assessment tool. We piloted and distributed the tool electronically. We used descriptive statistics and thematic coding for analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333568/the-nature-of-competition-in-dietetics-education-a-narrative-review
#4
Jillian Ruhl, Daphne Lordly
The impact on student development associated with being part of a competitive program is an emerging finding in dietetics research. As such, a narrative review of relevant literature was conducted pertaining to competition in post-secondary programs and the educational experience of students with respect to developing a career in dietetics. The review was guided by 2 questions: How is competition experienced by students? What strategies can reduce competition among dietetics students within the educational experience? A refined literature screening process justified including 32 articles in the review...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333474/examining-the-psychology-of-working-theory-decent-work-among-sexual-minorities
#5
Richard P Douglass, Brandon L Velez, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Jessica W England
Research has found heterosexist discrimination negatively relates to vocational outcomes among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but no known study has examined how heterosexist discrimination relates to the attainment of decent work. Building from the Psychology of Working Theory, which proposes that specific forms of marginalization coupled with economic constraints limit a person's ability to secure decent work, the present study examined theoretically hypothesized pathways to decent work among a sample of employed sexual minority adults...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333417/what-does-science-tell-us-about-resilience-lessons-for-early-career-scientists
#6
Karen S Quigley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Physiologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333354/men-s-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-relating-to-fertility
#7
Karin Hammarberg, Veronica Collins, Carol Holden, Kate Young, Robert McLachlan
BACKGROUND: The increasingly common practice in high-income countries to delay childbearing to the fourth and fifth decades of life increases the risk of involuntary childlessness or having fewer children than desired. Older age also increases the risk of age-related infertility, the need for ART to conceive, and obstetric and neonatal complications. Existing research relating to childbearing focusses almost exclusively on women, and in public discourse declining fertility rates are often assumed to be the result of women delaying childbearing to pursue other life goals such as a career and travel...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333333/why-aren-t-women-choosing-stem-academic-jobs-observations-from-a-small-group-discussion-at-the-2016-american-society-for-microbiology-annual-meeting
#8
Elizabeth M Adamowicz
This commentary summarizes a small-group discussion that recently occurred at the American Society for Microbiology annual general meeting, ASM Microbe, in Boston, Massachusetts on June 16-20, 2016, on the topic 'why are so few women choosing to become academics?' Specifically, the discussion focused on asking what the actual and perceived barriers to academic STEM careers women face, and possible solutions to address them which would make women more likely to seek out academic careers. The conclusions reached suggest that, despite improvement in recent years, women and minorities still face complex barriers to STEM academic careers, and further research is needed to determine the best solutions to this problem...
March 15, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333279/inhibition-of-pim1-kinase-attenuates-inflammation-induced-pro-labour-mediators-in-human-fetal-membranes-in-vitro
#9
Ratana Lim, Gillian Barker, Martha Lappas
STUDY QUESTION: Does proviral integration site for Moloney murine leukemic virus (PIM)1 kinase play a role in regulating the inflammatory processes of human labour and delivery? SUMMARY ANSWER: PIM1 kinase plays a critical role in fetal membranes in regulating pro-inflammatory and pro-labour mediators. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Infection and inflammation have strong causal links to preterm delivery by stimulating pro-inflammatory cytokines and collagen degrading enzymes, which can lead to rupture of membranes...
March 9, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333220/implementation-of-an-integrated-biodimensional-method-of-breast-augmentation-with-anatomic-highly-cohesive-silicone-gel-implants-short-term-results-with-the-first-620-consecutive-cases
#10
Paolo Montemurro, Mouchammed Agko, Alessandro Quattrini Li, Stefano Avvedimento, Per Hedén
Background: The previously described Akademikliniken (AK) method is a comprehensive approach to breast augmentation with form stable implants that has been shown to afford favorable outcomes when applied by experienced surgeons. Objectives: To evaluate outcomes of a surgeon newly adopting this method at the beginning of his career. Methods: A retrospective review of patients undergoing dual plane subpectoral augmentation with Style 410 implants between April 2009 and December 2014 was undertaken...
February 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333180/influence-of-the-disease-label-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-on-intention-to-have-an-ultrasound-and-psychosocial-outcomes-a-randomised-online-study-in-young-women
#11
Tessa Copp, Kirsten McCaffery, Lamiae Azizi, Jenny Doust, Ben W J Mol, Jesse Jansen
STUDY QUESTION: Does the disease label 'polycystic ovary syndrome' (PCOS) have an impact on desire for medical testing and psychosocial outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: When given the disease label PCOS in a hypothetical scenario, participants had higher intention to have an ultrasound, perceived the condition to be more severe and had lower self-esteem than those not given the disease label. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Widening diagnostic criteria and improved imaging sensitivity have increased the number of reproductive-aged women diagnosed with PCOS from 4% to 8% to up to 21%...
February 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331121/changes-of-working-responsibilities-and-intentions-of-industrial-physicians-graduates-of-university-of-occupational-and-environmental-health-japan-in-a-comparison-between-2001-2008-and-2015-questionnaire-analyses
#12
Hayato Nakamura, Toyohi Isse, Akinori Sakai
For the purpose of understanding the current conditions of the duties of industrial physicians and the consciousness of graduates of the University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan (UOEH) engaged in industry, we performed a questionnaire survey in July, 2001 and July, 2008 and reported the results (J UOEH 2009 31: 281-91). A similar survey was carried out in July, 2015. We dispatched the questionnaire to industrial physicians and physicians in occupational health organizations who had graduated from UOEH and got the replies...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329559/factors-correlated-with-residents-decisions-to-enter-academic-dermatology
#13
Brenda M Morales-Pico, Cary C Cotton, Dean S Morrell
The demand for dermatologic services and training at academic medical centers has outpaced the growth in the field's academic workforce. Recruitment of graduating residents has been proposed as a solution to the shortage of academic dermatologists. The purpose of this study was to further our current understanding of the factors that support the recruitment and retention of academicians. A survey questionnaire was mailed to graduates of the dermatology residency program at the University of North Carolina, and data were gathered retrospectively from participants' residency application materials...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329414/a-protocol-for-the-development-of-a-critical-thinking-assessment-tool-for-nurses-using-a-delphi-technique
#14
Elisabeth Jacob, Christine Duffield, Darren Jacob
AIM: The aim of this study is to develop an assessment tool to measure the critical thinking ability of nurses. BACKGROUND: As an increasing number of complex patients are admitted to hospitals, the importance of nurses recognising changes in health status and picking up on deterioration is more important. To detect early signs of complication requires critical thinking skills. Registered nurses are expected to commence their clinical careers with the necessary critical thinking skills to ensure safe nursing practice...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329020/how-a-collaborative-integrated-taxonomic-effort-has-trained-new-spongiologists-and-improved-knowledge-of-martinique-island-french-antilles-eastern-caribbean-sea-marine-biodiversity
#15
Thierry Pérez, Maria-Cristina Díaz, César Ruiz, Baslavi Cóndor-Luján, Michelle Klautau, Eduardo Hajdu, Gisele Lobo-Hajdu, Sven Zea, Shirley A Pomponi, Robert W Thacker, Sophie Carteron, Guillaume Tollu, Adeline Pouget-Cuvelier, Philippe Thélamon, Jean-Philippe Marechal, Olivier P Thomas, Alexander V Ereskovsky, Jean Vacelet, Nicole Boury-Esnault
Although sponges are important components of benthic ecosystems of the Caribbean Sea, their diversity remained poorly investigated in the Lesser Antilles. By organizing a training course in Martinique, we wanted both to promote taxonomy and to provide a first inventory of the sponge diversity on this island. The course was like a naturalist expedition, with a field laboratory and a classroom nearby. Early-career scientists and environmental managers were trained in sponge taxonomy. We gathered unpublished data and conducted an inventory at 13 coastal sites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328306/integration-and-evaluation-of-substance-abuse-research-education-training-saret-into-a-master-of-social-work-program
#16
Ellen Tuchman, Kathleen Hanley, Madeline Naegle, Frederick More, Sewit Bereket, Marc N Gourevitch
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program is funded by the National Institutes of Drug Abuse in 2006 as a novel approach to spark interest in substance abuse research among medical, dental, nursing, and social work graduate students through a Web-based curriculum and research mentorships. This report presents the initial integration of the intervention in a Master of Social Work (MSW) program, the components of the program, and the mixed-methods evaluation of its effect on students' attitudes towards substance abuse research and treatment...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327508/adverse-childhood-experiences-commitment-offense-and-race-ethnicity-are-the-effects-crime-race-and-ethnicity-specific
#17
Matt DeLisi, Justin Alcala, Abdi Kusow, Andy Hochstetler, Mark H Heirigs, Jonathan W Caudill, Chad R Trulson, Michael T Baglivio
Adverse childhood experiences are associated with an array of health, psychiatric, and behavioral problems including antisocial behavior. Criminologists have recently utilized adverse childhood experiences as an organizing research framework and shown that adverse childhood experiences are associated with delinquency, violence, and more chronic/severe criminal careers. However, much less is known about adverse childhood experiences vis-à-vis specific forms of crime and whether the effects vary across race and ethnicity...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327273/factors-affecting-orthopedic-residency-selection-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Jason Strelzow, Robert Petretta, Henry M Broekhuyse
BACKGROUND: Annually, orthopedic residency programs rank and recruit the best possible candidates. Little evidence exists identifying factors that potential candidates use to select their career paths. Recent literature from nonsurgical programs suggests hospital, social and program-based factors influence program selection. We sought to determine what factors influence the choice of an orthopedic career and a candidate's choice of orthopedic residency program. METHODS: We surveyed medical student applicants to orthopedic programs and current Canadian orthopedic surgery residents (postgraduate year [PGY] 1-5)...
April 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327141/the-first-nationwide-survey-of-md-phds-in-the-social-sciences-and-humanities-training-patterns-and-career-choices
#19
Seth M Holmes, Jennifer Karlin, Scott D Stonington, Diane L Gottheil
BACKGROUND: While several articles on MD-PhD trainees in the basic sciences have been published in the past several years, very little research exists on physician-investigators in the social sciences and humanities. However, the numbers of MD-PhDs training in these fields and the number of programs offering training in these fields are increasing, particularly within the US. In addition, accountability for the public funding for MD-PhD programs requires knowledge about this growing population of trainees and their career trajectories...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327136/perceptions-of-interprofessional-collaboration-of-general-practitioners-and-community-pharmacists-a-qualitative-study
#20
Christin Löffler, Carolin Koudmani, Femke Böhmer, Susanne D Paschka, Jennifer Höck, Eva Drewelow, Martin Stremme, Bernd Stahlhacke, Attila Altiner
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous evidences for the positive effect of community pharmacists on health care, interprofessional collaboration of pharmacists and general practitioners is very often limited. Though highly trained, pharmacists remain an underutilised resource in primary health care in most western countries. This qualitative study aims at investigating pharmacists' and general practitioners' views on barriers to interprofessional collaboration in the German health care system...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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