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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239603/framing-undergraduate-public-health-education-as-liberal-education-who-are-we-training-our-students-to-be-and-how-do-we-do-that
#1
Marc T Kiviniemi, Sara L C Mackenzie
The rapid development of the undergraduate major in public health over the past 15 years has led to a debate about the most appropriate framing for the degree. Should it be viewed as a liberal education degree (akin to academic disciplines such as psychology and political science) or as a professional training degree (akin to disciplines such as nursing and management)? This paper presents an overview of both the liberal education and the professional training degree approaches to the undergraduate public health degree...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238987/identifying-factors-for-worker-motivation-in-zambia-s-rural-health-facilities
#2
Samuel S Cross, Dr Marianne Baernholdt
BACKGROUND: Within Zambia there is a shortage of health workers in rural areas. This study aims to identify motivating factors for retaining rural health workers. METHODS: Sixty rural health workers completed surveys and 46 were interviewed. They rated the importance of six motivating factors and discussed these and other factors in interviews. An interview was conducted with a Government Human Resources Manager (HR Manager) to elicit contextual information. RESULTS: All six factors were identified as being very important motivators, as were two additional factors...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237957/performance-curves-of-medical-researchers-during-their-career-analysis-of-scientific-production-from-a-retrospective-cohort
#3
Antoine Duclos, Eléonore Herquelot, Stéphanie Polazzi, Muriel Malbezin, Olivier Claris
OBJECTIVES: To establish the pattern of change in individual scientific production over the career of medical researchers. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort based on prospectively collected data in a hospital information system. SETTING: Multicentre university hospital in France. PARTICIPANTS: Two distinct populations of 1835 researchers (full professors vs non-academic physicians) having produced 44 723 publications between 1995 and 2014...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236137/job-changing-and-the-decline-in-long-distance-migration-in-the-united-states
#4
Raven Molloy, Christopher L Smith, Abigail Wozniak
Interstate migration in the United States has decreased steadily since the 1980s, but little is known about the causes of this decline. We show that declining migration is related to a concurrent secular decline in job changing. Neither trend is primarily due to observable demographic or socioeconomic factors. Rather, we argue that the decline in job changing has caused the decline in migration. After establishing a role for the labor market in declining migration, we turn to the question of why job changing has become less frequent over the past several decades...
February 24, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236053/almost-psychiatry-the-impact-of-teaching-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-studies-to-undergraduate-college-students
#5
Ursula Diamond, Christina A Di Bartolo, Emily Badin, Jess P Shatkin
OBJECTIVE: The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Studies (CAMS) program is housed in a Liberal Arts undergraduate college of a large research university. Psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and social workers at the university's medical center teach the courses. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the extent to which CAMS encourages graduates of the program to pursue a career in child and adolescent mental health (CAMH). METHODS: In 2015-2016, graduates of the CAMS program were invited to participate in a mixed methods study...
February 24, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236041/short-term-career-perspectives-of-young-cardiologists-in-the-netherlands
#6
J C Vis, C J Borleffs, B Zwart, R J Nuis, R W C Scherptong
BACKGROUND: Since it was anticipated that the need for doctors would increase due to demographic changes, the number of positions for medical specialty training programs has increased from the year 2000 onwards. However, the number of permanent positions for young cardiologists did not follow that trend leading to concerns about future employment. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to assess short-term career perspectives of young cardiologists in the Netherlands. METHODS: All cardiologists who ended their training between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2014 were invited to fill in a questionnaire about their first employment status and were followed yearly until the participant had a permanent position...
February 24, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235944/ten-minute-chat
#7
Peter Hastie, Jo-Anne Murray
Peter Hastie and Jo-Anne Murray have developed an app called 'Be a vet' to help anyone who is considering a career in veterinary medicine to decide whether it is right for them.
February 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235750/the-state-of-open-source-electronic-health-record-projects-a-software-anthropology-study
#8
Mona Alsaffar, Peter Yellowlees, Alberto Odor, Michael Hogarth
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHR) are a key tool in managing and storing patients' information. Currently, there are over 50 open source EHR systems available. Functionality and usability are important factors for determining the success of any system. These factors are often a direct reflection of the domain knowledge and developers' motivations. However, few published studies have focused on the characteristics of free and open source software (F/OSS) EHR systems and none to date have discussed the motivation, knowledge background, and demographic characteristics of the developers involved in open source EHR projects...
February 24, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231284/correction-tracking-career-outcomes-for-postdoctoral-scholars-a-call-to-action
#9
Elizabeth A Silva, Christine Des Jarlais, Bill Lindstaedt, Erik Rotman, Elizabeth S Watkins
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002458.].
February 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230447/effect-of-medicaid-policy-changes-on-medication-adherence-differences-by-baseline-adherence
#10
Krutika Amin, Joel F Farley, Matthew L Maciejewski, Marisa E Domino
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the North Carolina (NC) Medicaid program reduced the number of days prescription supply that enrollees could fill from 100 days to 34 days and increased copayments for brand-name medications. Previous work has shown that a change in these policies led to a decrease in medication adherence from 2.9 to 8.0 percentage points in specific populations with chronic conditions. Studies have also shown that days supply limits and copayment increases have heterogeneous effects based on enrollees' baseline characteristics, including baseline adherence...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230444/national-lymphoedema-education-and-research-specialist-in-wales
#11
Karen Morgan
Karen Morgan, National Lymphoedema Education and Research Specialist, Lymphoedema Network Wales discusses her 25-year nursing career and the broad-ranging responsibilities that form part of her role.
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230438/the-influence-of-placements-on-adult-nursing-graduates-choice-of-first-post
#12
Mark Wareing, Renate Taylor, Aileen Wilson, Adrienne Sharples
BACKGROUND: This article presents findings from a study that sought to explore the extent to which clinical placements have an impact on nursing students' decisions regarding their first staff nurse post. Within the UK, nursing is facing a recruitment crisis with particular difficulty recruiting to areas such as primary care and care of older people. Transitioning into a new role is challenging in any occupation, but it is a particular problem in nursing where the realities of professional practice often differ from students' perception of the staff nurse role as shaped by their clinical placements...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230404/adolescents-perceptions-of-socializers-beliefs-career-related-conversations-and-motivation-in-mathematics
#13
Rebecca Lazarides, Charlott Rubach, Angela Ittel
Research based on the Eccles model of parent socialization demonstrated that parents are an important source of value and ability information for their children. Little is known, however, about the bidirectional effects between students' perceptions of their parents' beliefs and behaviors and the students' own domain-specific values. This study analyzed how students' perceptions of parents' beliefs and behaviors and students' mathematics values and mathematics-related career plans affect each other bidirectionally, and analyzed the role of students' gender as a moderator of these relations...
March 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229365/career-development-and-promotion-in-an-academic-health-center
#14
Edward R Christophersen
This paper examines the successive stages of the career path for psychologists who commit to spending their professional lives working in academic health centers. Key factors for success at each stage are described, as are the steps required for progressing to subsequent stages of professional development. The paper breaks new ground by including consideration of a post-retirement stage, "Professor Emeritus status."
February 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229096/a-study-of-global-health-elective-outcomes-a-pediatric-residency-experience
#15
Christiana M Russ, Tony Tran, Melanie Silverman, Judith Palfrey
Background and Objectives: To identify the effects of global health electives over a decade in a pediatric residency program. Methods: This was an anonymous email survey of the Boston Combined Residency alumni funded for global health electives from 2002 to 2011. A test for trend in binomial proportions and logistic regression were used to document associations between elective and participant characteristics and the effects of the electives. Qualitative data were also analyzed. Results: Of the 104 alumni with available email addresses, 69 (66%) responded, describing 94 electives...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228565/a-dedicated-scholarly-research-program-in-an-adult-and-pediatric-neurology-residency-program
#16
Matthew S Robbins, Sheryl R Haut, Richard B Lipton, Mark J Milstein, Lenore C Ocava, Karen Ballaban-Gil, Solomon L Moshé, Mark F Mehler
OBJECTIVE: To describe and assess the effectiveness of a formal scholarly activity program for a highly integrated adult and pediatric neurology residency program. METHODS: Starting in 2011, all graduating residents were required to complete at least one form of scholarly activity broadly defined to include peer-reviewed publications or presentations at scientific meetings of formally mentored projects. The scholarly activity program was administered by the associate residency training director and included an expanded journal club, guided mentorship, a required grand rounds platform presentation, and annual awards for the most scholarly and seminal research findings...
February 22, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227469/building-a-more-diverse-biomedical-engineering-workforce-biomedical-engineering-at-the-university-of-the-district-of-columbia-a-historically-black-college-university
#17
Lara A Thompson, A Segun Adebayo, Nian Zhang, Sasan Haghani, Kathleen Dowell, Devdas Shetty, Lara A Thompson, A Segun Adebayo, Nian Zhang, Sasan Haghani, Kathleen Dowell, Devdas Shetty, A Segun Adebayo, Sasan Haghani, Kathleen Dowell, Lara A Thompson, Devdas Shetty, Nian Zhang
Biomedical Engineering (BME) is a new, multidisciplinary, and rapidly growing field, however, the BME Workforce suffers from limited ethnic and gender diversity. Despite the demand and growth of this new field due to its public health importance, only 4 out of the 107 Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) nationwide offers a Bachelor's of Science (B.S.) in Bio-Engineering related fields. In order to contribute to a growing BME Workforce, HBCUs need to react and offer more degree-programs relevant to BME...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226406/what-do-we-know-about-older-former-carers-key-issues-and-themes
#18
Mary Larkin, Alisoun Milne
Despite a significant growth in the number older former family carers, they remain largely invisible in carer-related research and literature. To begin to address this deficit, a four-stage literature review was conducted to identify existing knowledge about older former carers. Narrative synthesis of the findings yielded five themes - the concept of 'older former carer', the legacies of caring, influences on the legacies of caring, conceptualising post-caring and support services for older former carers. Critical analysis of these findings suggests that existing evidence has a number of strengths...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225689/sex-differences-in-anthropometrics-and-heading-kinematics-among-division-i-soccer-athletes
#19
Abigail C Bretzin, Jamie L Mansell, Ryan T Tierney, Jane K McDevitt
BACKGROUND: Soccer players head the ball repetitively throughout their careers; this is also a potential mechanism for a concussion. Although not all soccer headers result in a concussion, these subconcussive impacts may impart acceleration, deceleration, and rotational forces on the brain, leaving structural and functional deficits. Stronger neck musculature may reduce head-neck segment kinematics. HYPOTHESIS: The relationship between anthropometrics and soccer heading kinematics will not differ between sexes...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224859/noticeboard
#20
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February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
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