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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061155/building-capacity-for-medical-education-research-in-family-medicine-the-program-for-innovation-in-medical-education-pime
#1
Douglas Archibald, William Hogg, Jacques Lemelin, Simone Dahrouge, Mireille St Jean, François Boucher
BACKGROUND: Despite the apparent benefits to teaching, many faculty members are reluctant to participate in medical education research (MER) for a variety of reasons. In addition to the further demand on their time, physicians often lack the confidence to initiate MER projects and require more support in the form of funding, structure and guidance. These obstacles have contributed to a decline in physician participation in MER as well as to a perceived decay in its quality. As a countermeasure to encourage physicians to undertake research, the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Ottawa implemented a programme in which physicians receive the funding, coaching and support staff necessary to complete a 2-year research project...
October 23, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968224/are-retired-physicians-suitable-for-the-coaching-of-clerks
#2
Ivan Bank, Johannes P de Leeuw, Willem M Lijfering, Marjolein H W de Bois, Theo C A M van Woerkom, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer
Objectives: To assess whether clerks need coaches, for which issues, and whether retired physicians are able to support clerks. Methods:  The study combines both qualitative and quantitative methods and the perspectives of both coaches and clerks. Clerks starting their first clerkship were randomised between having a coach (n=61) and not having a coach (n=59). All participants were followed for 18 months. Both clerks and coaches completed questionnaires. In addition, in-depth interviews with the coaches were conducted...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968146/changes-in-youth-baseball-pitching-biomechanics-a-7-year-longitudinal-study
#3
Glenn S Fleisig, Alek Z Diffendaffer, Brett Ivey, Kyle T Aune, Tony Laughlin, Dave Fortenbaugh, Becky Bolt, Wendy Lucas, Kevin D Moore, Jeffrey R Dugas
BACKGROUND: Pitching biomechanics are associated with performance and risk of injury in baseball. Previous studies have identified biomechanical differences between youth and adult pitchers but have not investigated changes within individual young pitchers as they mature. HYPOTHESIS: Pitching kinematics and kinetics will change significantly during a youth pitcher's career. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS: Pitching biomechanics were captured in an indoor laboratory with a 12-camera, 240-Hz motion analysis system for 51 youth pitchers who were in their first season of organized baseball with pitching...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967296/development-of-expertise-in-elite-and-sub-elite-british-rugby-league-players-a-comparison-of-practice-experiences
#4
Martyn Rothwell, Joseph A Stone, Keith Davids, Craig Wright
Previous studies have investigated how individuals reach an expert level by counting the number of hours engaged in specific practice types. Here we sought to understand and compare the microstructure (e.g. practice tasks undertaken) of these practice hours experienced by elite and sub-elite British rugby league players. Semi-structured interviews explored the practice experiences of eight international and eight domestic level players. A two-staged thematic analysis was used to interpret the data. The analysis revealed that both player groups experienced a rich and narrow landscape of affordances and were exposed to early diversification of sports experiences during childhood...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915360/risk-factors-for-reoperation-and-performance-based-outcomes-after-operative-fixation-of-foot-fractures-in-the-professional-athlete-a-cross-sport-analysis
#5
Sameer Singh, Kevin Larkin, Anish Kadakia, Wellington Hsu
BACKGROUND: Professional athletes are predisposed to fractures of the foot due to large stresses placed on the lower extremity. These players are concerned with efficiently returning to play at a high level. Return-to-play rates after operative treatment have been previously reported, yet performance outcomes after such treatment are generally unknown in this population. HYPOTHESIS: Overall, professional athletes sustaining a foot fracture would return to play at high rates with little impact on post-operative performance or league participation...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891550/common-types-and-countermeasures-of-ankle-ligament-injury-caused-by-intense-basketball-movement
#6
H Hu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze ankle ligament injury of basketball players caused during movement, summarize injury types, analyze the causes of injury, and put forward corresponding control measures. METHODS: The author selected 3100 basketball players with ankle ligament injury during basketball movement and admitted to different hospitals from June 2011 to June 2015 for stochastic analysis. Through the literature, investigation, and observation, etc., common types of injuries of basketball players are analyzed, and damage preventive measures of basketball players are discussed, so as to find measures to prevent and treat ankle ligament injury of basketball players and promote physical rehabilitation of players, which is in favor of their better career development...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746135/encouraging-student-interest-in-teaching-through-a-medical-student-teaching-competition
#7
Ariadne K DeSimone, John P Haydek, Christopher L Sudduth, Vincent LaBarbera, Yaanik Desai, Erik Reinertsen, Kimberly D Manning
PROBLEM: Clinician educators have realized the value not only of assigning teaching roles to medical students but also of offering explicit training in how to teach effectively. Despite this interest in the development of medical students' teaching skills, formal teaching instruction and opportunities for practice are lacking. APPROACH: To encourage medical student interest in teaching, the authors developed and implemented a medical student teaching competition (MSTC) at Emory University School of Medicine during the summers of 2014, 2015, and 2016...
August 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734484/college-nursing-faculty-job-satisfaction-and-retention-a-national-perspective
#8
Peggy Lee, Michael T Miller, Thomas A Kippenbrock, Chris Rosen, Jan Emory
The need for registered nurses in the United States continues to grow. To meet this need for increased numbers of nurses, recruitment and retention of qualified nurse educators has become a priority. In addition, the factors associated with nursing faculties' intent to stay have emerged as important considerations for administrators. The concepts of job satisfaction and intent to stay become vital to recruiting and retaining nursing faculty. In the past decade few empirical studies have been conducted on a national scale to address job satisfaction and intent to stay in academia...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653965/factors-influencing-the-underreporting-of-concussion-in-sports-a-qualitative-study-of-minor-hockey-participants
#9
Michael D Cusimano, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Stanley Zhang, Sarah J Mullen, Mattew Wong, Gabriela Ilie
OBJECTIVE: The present study is to identify factors contributing to underreporting of concussion in adolescent athletes. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews. SETTING: Participants were interviewed in an office environment. PARTICIPANTS: Interviews were conducted with 31 minor hockey players, 10 parents, 6 coaches, 4 trainers, 2 managers, and one game official. Players were 13 to 15 year old. With selective sampling, an inductive approach of analyzing the interviews was undertaken and themes were identified and analyzed...
July 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648228/great-british-medalists-psychosocial-biographies-of-super-elite-and-elite-athletes-from-olympic-sports
#10
Lew Hardy, Matthew Barlow, Lynne Evans, Tim Rees, Tim Woodman, Chelsea Warr
Participants were 32 former GB athletes from Olympic sports, 16 Super-Elite athletes who had won multiple medals at major championships, and 16 matched Elite athletes who had not. In-depth interviews with the athletes, their coaches, and one of their parents explored all psychosocial aspects of their development and careers. Content analyses revealed that there were no differences between Super-Elite and Elite athletes with regard to family values, conscientiousness, or commitment to training. However, the two groups were found to be different with regard to: (1) the experience of a foundational negative life event coupled with a foundational positive sport-related event; (2) the experience of a career turning point that enhanced motivation and focus for their sport; (3) need for success; (4) obsessiveness and/or perfectionism with regard to training and performance; (5) ruthlessness and/or selfishness in the pursuit of their sporting goals; (6) dual focus on both mastery and outcome; (7) the use of counterphobic attitudes and/or total preparation to maintain higher levels of performance under pressure; and (8) the relative importance of sport over other aspects of life...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575558/-model-ontogenetic-variability-functional-state-of-the-organism-in-different-modes-of-motor-activity
#11
V V Myakotnyh, L S Khodasevich
The analysis of the study results of remote training effect of physical training and sports in the age range including the later periods of human ontogenesis, from the point of oxidative stress theory. To study the characteristics of developmental variability of the functional state of the organism, a comparative study of the functional state of the body at different modes of physical activity in different age stages of development was carried out: from sports veterans, remain actively locomotor activity after the termination of sports career; former athletes, leading a sedentary lifestyle; persons engaged in improving the forms of physical exercise; as well as persons who had not engaged in regular physical activity...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520585/the-role-of-simulation-and-warm-up-in-minimally-invasive-gynecologic-surgery
#12
Janelle K Moulder, Michelle Louie, Tarek Toubia, Lauren D Schiff, Matthew T Siedhoff
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the review is to update the reader on the current literature and recent studies evaluating the role of simulation and warm-up as part of surgical education and training, and maintenance of surgical skills. RECENT FINDINGS: Laparoscopic and hysteroscopic simulation may improve psychomotor skills, particularly for early-stage learners. However, data are mixed as to whether simulation education is directly transferable to surgical skill...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502462/radiology-exposure-in-the-undergraduate-curriculum-a-medical-student-perspective-on-quality-and-opportunities-for-positive-change
#13
Kari L Visscher, Lisa Faden, Georges Nassrallah, Stacey Speer, Daniele Wiseman
PURPOSE: This article is a continuation of a qualitative study designed to explore how radiology exposures can impact medical student opinions and perceptions of radiology and radiologists. We focused on: 1) conducting a radiology exposure inventory from the perspective of the medical student; 2) student evaluation of the quality of the radiology exposures and suggestions for positive change; and 3) development of a framework to address the needs of medical students as it relates to radiology education in the undergraduate medical curriculum...
August 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460596/using-objective-structured-teaching-encounters-ostes-to-prepare-chief-residents-to-be-emotionally-intelligent-leaders
#14
Sara Ann Cerrone, Patti Adelman, Salaahuddin Akbar, Andrew C Yacht, Alice Fornari
BACKGROUND: Chief Residents must lead, manage and mentor a diverse and often large group of residents, however there is a lack of formal leadership training throughout graduate medical education. OBJECTIVE: Development of a 3-part Chief Resident (CR) Program focused on leading, managing and mentoring. DESIGN: Each participant completes an Emotional Intelligence (EI) Inventory prior to the day-long event. Participants receive their EI scores at the beginning of the program, which features interactive sessions on leadership, management, and feedback skills...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409434/the-sgim-teach-program-a-curriculum-for-teachers-of-clinical-medicine
#15
Christopher L Knight, Donna M Windish, Steven A Haist, Reena Karani, Shobhina Chheda, Michael Rosenblum, Preetha Basaviah, Abby L Spencer, Eva M Aagaard
BACKGROUND: Demand for faculty with teaching expertise is increasing as medical education is becoming well established as a career pathway. Junior faculty may be expected to take on teaching responsibilities with minimal training in teaching skills. AIM: To address the faculty development needs of junior clinician-educators with teaching responsibilities and those changing their career focus to include teaching. SETTING: Sessions at two Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) annual meetings combined with local coaching and online learning during the intervening year...
August 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315481/a-patient-advocate-to-facilitate-access-and-improve-communication-care-and-outcomes-in-adults-with-moderate-or-severe-asthma-rationale-design-and-methods-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Andrea J Apter, Knashawn H Morales, Xiaoyan Han, Luzmercy Perez, Jingru Huang, Grace Ndicu, Anna Localio, Alyssa Nardi, Heather Klusaritz, Marisa Rogers, Alexis Phillips, Zuleyha Cidav, J Sanford Schwartz
Few interventions to improve asthma outcomes have targeted low-income minority adults. Even fewer have focused on the real-world practice where care is delivered. We adapted a patient navigator, here called a Patient Advocate (PA), a term preferred by patients, to facilitate and maintain access to chronic care for adults with moderate or severe asthma and prevalent co-morbidities recruited from clinics serving low-income urban neighborhoods. We describe the planning, design, methodology (informed by patient and provider focus groups), baseline results, and challenges of an ongoing randomized controlled trial of 312 adults of a PA intervention implemented in a variety of practices...
May 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274982/implementation-of-an-interprofessional-clinical-pharmacology-selective-learning-experience-for-pharmacy-residents-and-medical-students
#17
Garrett E Schramm, Prasanna P Narayanan, Darryl S Chutka, Wayne T Nicholson
PURPOSE: The implementation of an interprofessional clinical pharmacology selective (CPS) learning experience for pharmacy residents and medical students is described. SUMMARY: The opportunity for pharmacy residents to provide didactic lectures at a college of pharmacy and to develop teaching and preceptor skills with experiential pharmacy students may be limited by institution-specific affiliations and geographic location. In order to overcome these barriers, the Mayo Clinic Hospital postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency program implemented an interprofessional learning experience in which pharmacy residents serve the role of preceptors for first- and second-year medical students on a CPS...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182511/confirming-the-value-of-adolescent-swimming-performance-models
#18
Shilo J Dormehl, Samuel J Robertson, Alan R Barker, Craig A Williams
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of existing performance models to assess the progression of male and female adolescent swimmers through a quantitative and qualitative mixed-methods approach. METHODS: Fourteen published models were tested using retrospective data from an independent sample of Dutch junior national-level swimmers from when they were between 12 and 18 years of age (n=13). The degree of association by Pearson's correlations were compared between the calculated differences from the models and quadratic functions derived from the Dutch junior national qualifying times...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129370/career-performance-trajectories-in-track-and-field-jumping-events-from-youth-to-senior-success-the-importance-of-learning-and-development
#19
Gennaro Boccia, Paolo Moisè, Alberto Franceschi, Francesco Trova, Davide Panero, Antonio La Torre, Alberto Rainoldi, Federico Schena, Marco Cardinale
INTRODUCTION: The idea that early sport success can be detrimental for long-term sport performance is still under debate. Therefore, the aims of this study were to examine the career trajectories of Italian high and long jumpers to provide a better understanding of performance development in jumping events. METHODS: The official long-jump and high-jump rankings of the Italian Track and Field Federation were collected from the age of 12 to career termination, for both genders from the year 1994 to 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967295/a-mine-of-information-can-sports-analytics-provide-wisdom-from-your-data
#20
Louis Passfield, James G Hopker
This paper explores the notion that the availability and analysis of large data sets have the capacity to improve practice and change the nature of science in the sport and exercise setting. The increasing use of data and information technology in sport is giving rise to this change. Web sites hold large data repositories, and the development of wearable technology, mobile phone applications, and related instruments for monitoring physical activity, training, and competition provide large data sets of extensive and detailed measurements...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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