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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937544/trends-of-gynecological-cancers-in-turkey-toward-europe-or-asia
#1
Murat Gultekin, Irem Kucukyildiz, Mujdegul Zayifoglu Karaca, Selin Dundar, Guledal Boztas, Semra Hatice Turan, Ezgi Hacikamiloglu, Bekir Keskinkilic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate nationwide gynecological cancer trends in Turkey. METHODS: National cancer registry data (2009-2013) of Turkish Ministry of Health were evaluated. Ovarian, cervical, endometrial, vulvar, vaginal, and tubal cancers are evaluated with respect to age of diagnosis, incidence rates within years, stage, histological distributions, and mortality rates. Data were collected from active cancer registry centers, which increased from 23% in 2009 to 47...
October 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937367/associations-between-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-and-topoisomerase-ii-alpha-gene-copy-number-variations-human-papillomavirus-positivity-and-cytologic-analysis-in-cervical-cell-lesions
#2
Işın Kaya, Oya Nermin Sivrikoz, Özdal Etlik, Abdülkadir Gök
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most common gynecologic cancer worldwide. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a leading etiological factor in cervical carcinoma.The aim of this study was to compare HPV positivity, EGFR and TOP2A gene copy number variations and cervical cytologic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 100 female volunteers between 21-64 years old. Cytologic analysis was performed using the liquid-based cytology technique...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930811/significance-of-ovarian-endometriosis-on-the-prognosis-of-ovarian-clear-cell-carcinoma
#3
Jeong-Yeol Park, Dae-Yeon Kim, Dae-Shik Suh, Jong-Hyeok Kim, Yong-Man Kim, Young-Tak Kim, Joo-Hyun Nam
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of ovarian endometriosis on the prognosis of ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC). METHODS: Patients with OCCC were divided into 2 groups according to the presence of ovarian endometriosis: group 1, no coexisting ovarian endometriosis; group 2, clear cell carcinoma arising from ovarian endometriosis or the presence of ovarian endometriosis elsewhere in the ovary. Clinicopathologic characteristics, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) were compared between the 2 groups...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930809/survival-benefit-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-an-analysis-of-low-stage-invasive-ovarian-mucinous-carcinomas
#4
Aalok Kumar, Nhu Le, C Blake Gilks, Jennifer L Santos, Frances Wong, Kenneth Swenerton, Paul J Hoskins, Jessica N McAlpine, Anna V Tinker
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the population-based outcomes of stages I and II invasive ovarian mucinous carcinomas (MCs) treated with adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy and abdominopelvic radiotherapy (XRT). METHODS: International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage I/II MC cases referred to the British Columbia Cancer Agency between 1984 and 2014 were reviewed. Chemotherapy (minimum of 3 cycles) and XRT were the institutional policy for stages IA/B (grade 2/3) and IC/II (any grade)...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927463/towards-precision-medicine-discovering-novel-gynecological-cancer-biomarkers-and-pathways-using-linked-data
#5
Alokkumar Jha, Yasar Khan, Muntazir Mehdi, Md Rezaul Karim, Qaiser Mehmood, Achille Zappa, Dietrich Rebholz-Schuhmann, Ratnesh Sahay
BACKGROUND: Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) is playing a key role in therapeutic decision making for the cancer prognosis and treatment. The NGS technologies are producing a massive amount of sequencing datasets. Often, these datasets are published from the isolated and different sequencing facilities. Consequently, the process of sharing and aggregating multisite sequencing datasets are thwarted by issues such as the need to discover relevant data from different sources, built scalable repositories, the automation of data linkage, the volume of the data, efficient querying mechanism, and information rich intuitive visualisation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914639/correlation-between-squamous-cell-carcinoma-antigen-level-and-the-clinicopathological-features-of-early-stage-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-the-predictive-value-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-antigen-combined-with-computed-tomography-scan-for-lymph-node
#6
Dianbo Xu, Danbo Wang, Shuo Wang, Ye Tian, Zaiqiu Long, Xuemei Ren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) and the clinicopathological features of cervical squamous cell carcinoma. The value of SCC-Ag and computed tomography (CT) for predicting lymph node metastasis (LNM) was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 197 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages IB to IIA cervical squamous cell carcinoma who underwent radical surgery were enrolled in this study...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894577/effects-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-on-patients-with-primary-vaginal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Yuchao Diao, Jinwen Jiao, Kejuan Song, Lei Wang, Teng Lv, Shuzhen Dai, Qin Yao
Vaginal cancer is a rare gynecological malignancy, mainly treated by radiotherapy and surgery. However, the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on patients with vaginal cancer has not been extensively evaluated. The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of irinotecan and cisplatin in the management of patients with vaginal squamous cell cancer (SCC). Two patients with International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology (FIGO) stage I and one patient with FIGO stage II vaginal SCC were treated with irinotecan (240 mg) and cisplatin (100 mg) every 3-4 weeks...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888417/american-brachytherapy-society-recurrent-carcinoma-of-the-endometrium-task-force-patterns-of-care-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Mitchell Kamrava, Sushil Beriwal, Beth Erickson, David Gaffney, Anuja Jhingran, Ann Klopp, Sang June Park, Akila Viswanathan, Catheryn Yashar, Lilie Lin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this American Brachytherapy Society task force is to present a literature review and patterns of care by a panel of experts for the management of vaginal recurrence of endometrial cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In 2016, the American Brachytherapy Society Board selected a panel of experts in gynecologic brachytherapy to update our current state of knowledge for managing vaginal recurrence of endometrial cancer. Practice patterns were evaluated via an online survey and clinical updates occurred through a combination of literature review and clinical experience and/or expertise...
September 6, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885778/histopathologic-follow-up-and-hpv-test-results-with-hsil-papanicolaou-test-results-in-china-s-largest-academic-women-s-hospital
#9
Xiang Tao, R Marshall Austin, Hao Zhang, Lihong Zhang, Jianan Xiao, Xianrong Zhou, Li Wang, Chengquan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer screening in China is largely limited to occasional opportunistic screening in urban centers. The current study reports histopathologic follow-up and human papillomavirus (HPV) results in women with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) Papanicolaou (Pap) tests reported at the largest academic women's hospital in China and compares these findings with those of published Western studies among frequently screened women. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study documented HSIL Pap tests, patient age, HPV results, and histopathologic follow-up from 2011 through 2015 in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University (OGHFU) in Shanghai, China...
September 8, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885274/fertility-preserved-hysteroscopic-approach-for-the-treatment-of-stage-ia-endometrioid-carcinoma
#10
Fangfang Wang, Aijun Yu, Haichao Xu, Xiaojing Zhang, Li Li, Hanmei Lou, Hua Yu, Jun Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the feasibility of a hysteroscopic procedure combined with progestin therapy in young patients with stage Ia endometrioid carcinoma (EC) to avoid sterilization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven young women with stage Ia EC (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics grade 1) who were treated with a hysteroscopic approach combined with progestin from July 2004 to June 2016 were retrospectively analyzed and followed up to monitor their general recovery and pregnancy outcome...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881667/a-high-plasma-d-dimer-level-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-gynecological-tumors-in-east-asia-area-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Lei Xu, Fan He, Hongcai Wang, Bei Gao, Huini Wu, Shuping Zhao
High pre-treatment plasma D-dimer levels have been reported as a factor associated with a poor prognosis in different types of malignancies, including pancreatic, gastric, colorectal, lung, and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to determine the association of plasma D-dimer levels and long term survival in gynecological cancers, including ovarian, cervical and endometrial carcinoma. We searched all eligible publications in PubMed and Web of Science Databases up to August 2016. Primary outcomes, including overall survival (OS), disease-free survival and hazard ratios (HR) of were extracted and analyzed...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871275/radiation-treatment-in-women-with-ovarian-cancer-past-present-and-future
#12
REVIEW
Emma C Fields, William P McGuire, Lilie Lin, Sarah M Temkin
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal of the gynecologic cancers, with 5-year survival rates less than 50%. Most women present with advanced stage disease as the pattern of spread is typically with dissemination of malignancy throughout the peritoneal cavity prior to development of any symptoms. Prior to the advent of platinum-based chemotherapy, radiotherapy was used as adjuvant therapy to sterilize micrometastatic disease. The evolution of radiotherapy is detailed in this review, which establishes radiotherapy as an effective therapy for women with micrometastatic disease in the peritoneal cavity after surgery, ovarian clear cell carcinoma, focal metastatic disease, and for palliation of advanced disease...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870960/risk-reducing-salpingo-oophorectomy-in-women-at-higher-risk-of-ovarian-and-breast-cancer-a-single-institution-prospective-series
#13
Enzo Ricciardi, Federica Tomao, Giovanni Aletti, Luca Bazzurini, Luca Bocciolone, Sara Boveri, Fabio Landoni, Maria Teresa Lapresa, Matteo Maruccio, Gabriella Parma, Fedro Peccatori, Maria Cristina Petrella, Vanna Zanagnolo, Nicoletta Colombo, Angelo Maggioni
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occult cancers' reported rates vary from 2-12% and serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas (STICs) have been identified in 3-12% of the prophylactically removed tubes of women carrying a BRCA mutation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of tubal minor epithelial atypia (STIL), STIC, and occult invasive cancer and to evaluate the cancer-specific mortality in a prospective series of women at higher risk of ovarian and breast cancer undergoing risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) n a tertiary cancer center...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870935/detection-of-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-by-ultrasound-and-mammography-size-dependent-inaccuracy
#14
Christian Eichler, Sharareh Abrar, Julian Puppe, Mariam Arndt, Ralf Ohlinger, Markus Hahn, Mathias Warm
BACKGROUND: Retrospective analysis of breast cancer imaging methods is a common tool for evaluating the effectiveness of ultrasound and mammography regarding ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). No large number subpopulation of pure DCIS has been reported. It is however known that mammography and ultrasound underestimate tumor dimension with increasing tumor size. We aimed to quantify this discrepancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis reviewed the ultrasound and mammography data from 173 patients with DCIS at the University of Cologne - Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics between the years 2007 and 2010...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867455/role-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-in-figo-stage-iiic-endometrial-carcinoma-treatment-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-in-52-irradiated-patients
#15
He-Yuan Hsieh, Lily Wang, Chien-Hsing Lu, Jin-Ching Lin, Chien-Chih Chen
BACKGROUND: To retrospectively review the postoperative radiotherapy treatment outcomes and the prognostic factors for the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IIIC endometrial carcinoma. METHODS: Fifty-two patients who were newly diagnosed and previously untreated FIGO stage IIIC endometrial carcinoma over a 33-year period (September 1983 to April 2015) were retrospectively reviewed. They had received radical surgery followed by adjuvant radiotherapy with or without adjuvant chemotherapy...
August 31, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863071/an-ovarian-adenocarcinoma-with-combined-low-grade-serous-and-mesonephric-morphologies-suggests-a-m%C3%A3-llerian-origin-for-some-mesonephric-carcinomas
#16
David B Chapel, Nancy M Joseph, Thomas Krausz, Ricardo R Lastra
Mesonephric carcinomas are rare adenocarcinomas of the female genital tract that occur most commonly in the uterine cervix. They are classically thought to arise from benign mesonephric remnants, and are rarely reported at other sites in the gynecologic tract. Here we present an interesting biphenotypic ovarian adenocarcinoma with intimately associated but distinct components of both low-grade serous carcinoma and mesonephric-like carcinoma. A serous borderline tumor was present adjacent to the invasive carcinoma, and no benign mesonephric precursors were identified...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855982/peritoneal-metastases-of-rare-carcinomas-treated-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-a-single-center-case-series
#17
Andreas Brandl, Christina Barbara Zielinski, Wieland Raue, Johann Pratschke, Beate Rau
INTRODUCTION: In selected cases, cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is an established treatment for patients suffering from peritoneal metastases from colorectal, ovarian, gastric or appendiceal origin. The effectiveness of this extensive has not been elucidated within other rare diseases by now. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients treated with CRS for peritoneal carcinomatosis during the period between July 2010 and September 2015...
October 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852190/mutational-heterogeneity-in-non-serous-ovarian-cancers
#18
Jamie K Teer, Sean Yoder, Anxhela Gjyshi, Santo V Nicosia, Chaomei Zhang, Alvaro N A Monteiro
Epithelial ovarian cancer is a leading cause of death in gynecological cancers. While several systematic studies have revealed the mutation landscape of serous epithelial ovarian cancer, other non-serous subtypes of the disease have not been explored as extensively. Here we conduct exome sequencing of nine non-serous epithelial ovarian tumors (six endometrioid and three mucinous) and their corresponding normal DNA as well as a tumor-only granulosa cell sample. We integrated the exome data with targeted gene sequencing for 1,321 genes selected for their involvement in cancer from additional 28 non-serous ovarian tumors and compared our results to TCGA ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma and uterine corpus endometrial carcinomas...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828510/prognostic-value-of-lymph-node-to-primary-tumor-standardized-uptake-value-ratio-in-endometrioid-endometrial-carcinoma
#19
Hyun Hoon Chung, Gi Jeong Cheon, Jae-Weon Kim, Noh-Hyun Park, Yong Sang Song
PURPOSE: To determine whether the relative metabolic activity of pelvic or para-aortic LN compared with that of primary tumor measured by preoperative [(18)F]FDG PET/CT scan has prognostic value in patients with endometrioid endometrial carcinoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with endometrioid endometrial carcinoma who underwent preoperative [(18)F]FDG PET/CT scans. Prognostic values of PET/CT-derived metabolic variables such as maximum standardized uptake value (SUV) of the primary endometrial carcinoma (SUVTumor) and LN (SUVLN), and the LN-to-endometrial carcinoma SUV ratio (SUVLN / SUVTumor) were assessed...
August 21, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819503/-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-cervix-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Soufiane Baggar, Hajar Ouahbi, Meryem Azegrar, Fatima Zahra El M'rabet, Samia Arifi, Nawfel Mellas
Small cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the gynecologic tract are unusual, accounting for only 2% of the cervical cancers. Given the rarity of these tumors and the absence of randomized trials, their diagnosis and treatment programmes are difficult and are essentially based on those of neuroendocrine tumors of the lung. As in the case of the neuroendocrine tumors of the lung and despite multimodal treatment they are associated with a poor prognosis. We here report a new case of small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix and, throught a literature review, we highlight the various aspects of this rare entity...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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