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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334213/conservative-management-of-ovarian-fibroma-in-a-case-of-gorlin-goltz-syndrome-comorbid-with-endometriosis
#1
Sepideh Khodaverdi, Leila Nazari, Abolfazl Mehdizadeh-Kashi, Mansoureh Vahdat, Samaneh Rokhgireh, Ali Farbod, Banafsheh Tajbakhsh
Ovarian fibromas are the most common benign solid ovarian tumors, which are often difficult to diagnose preoperatively. Ovarian fibromas, especially in bilateral cases, may be cases of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS), a rare autosomal dominant disorder with predisposition to basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and other various benign and malignant tumors. This case report describes a 25 year-old female with GGS, bilateral ovarian fibroma, endometriosis and septated uterus, which was referred to the Gynecology Clinic of Rasoul-e-Akram Hospital in October 2016...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331996/relevance-of-enlarged-cardiophrenic-lymph-nodes-in-determining-prognosis-of-patients-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#2
Hasan Shahriar Md Nuruzzaman, Grace Hwei Ching Tan, Ravichandran Nadarajah, Melissa Teo
Ovarian cancer often presents at an advanced stage with widespread peritoneal and/or extra-abdominal metastases. Complete cytoreduction is the mainstay of treatment for disease confined to peritoneum. But in patients with distant metastases, the role and rationale is less obvious. One of the the most common sites of extra-abdominal disease is the cardiophrenic lymph node (CPLN). In this paper, we described the management of a patient with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IVB epithelial ovarian carcinoma and widespread peritoneal and extra-abdominal metastases to the CPLN, who underwent complete cytoreduction including excision of enlarged CPLN, following neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324533/multicenter-clinicopathological-study-of-high-grade-serous-carcinoma-presenting-as-primary-peritoneal-carcinoma
#3
Shinichi Komiyama, Yoshihiro Nishijima, Haruhiro Kondo, Hiroyuki Nomura, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Masayuki Futagami, Hiroharu Arai, Yoshihito Yokoyama, Nao Suzuki, Mikio Mikami, Kaneyuki Kubushiro, Daisuke Aoki, Yasuhiro Udagawa, Ryuichiro Nishimura
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a multicenter clinicopathological study to characterize patients with high-grade serous carcinoma presenting as primary peritoneal carcinoma (clinical PPC). METHODS: At 9 sites in Japan, patients with clinical PPC diagnosed according to Gynecologic Oncology Group criteria were enrolled retrospectively. The Gynecologic Oncology Group criteria allow for minor ovarian involvement by high-grade serous carcinoma. There was no systematic detailed histopathological review of the fallopian tubes to determine whether they were involved by serous carcinoma...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315498/peritoneal-carcinomatosis-after-risk-reducing-surgery-in-brca1-2-mutation-carriers
#4
Marline G Harmsen, Jurgen M J Piek, Johan Bulten, Murray J Casey, Timothy R Rebbeck, Marian J Mourits, Mark H Greene, Brigitte F M Slangen, Marc van Beurden, Leon F A G Massuger, Nicoline Hoogerbrugge, Joanne A de Hullu
BACKGROUND: Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) is recommended for BRCA1/2 mutation carriers because of their increased risk of ovarian carcinoma. Despite RRSO, metachronous peritoneal carcinomatosis occasionally is diagnosed. METHODS: The literature was searched for BRCA1/2 mutation carriers with peritoneal carcinomatosis after risk-reducing surgery. The authors were asked for additional data. Clinical and histopathological data were descriptively analyzed...
January 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313317/laparoscopic-excision-of-an-unusual-presentation-of-a-nabothian-cyst-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Joseph Nassif, Hasan Nahoul, Ali Mourad, Ryan Yammine, Sally Khoury, Ali Khalil
Nabothian cysts are mucinous retention cysts formed through the accumulation of cervical mucus inside blocked cervical crypts leading to non-neoplastic mucinous cystic lesion in relation to the uterine cervix. The formation of Nabothian cysts is a common gynecological benign condition in women of reproductive age. While the presence of small-sized Nabothian cysts is usually clinically asymptomatic and requires no treatment or intervention, the diagnosis of larger Nabothian cysts can be mistaken with malignant tumors, including mucin producing carcinomas such as Adenoma malignum...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295532/stromal-expression-of-marcks-protein-in-ovarian-carcinomas-has-unfavorable-prognostic-value
#6
Raoudha Doghri, Maroua Manai, Pascal Finetti, Maha Driss, Emilie Agavnian, Marc Lopez, Meriam Elghardallou, Emmanuelle Charafe-Jauffret, Mohamed Manai, Max Chaffanet, Daniel Birnbaum, Karima Mrad, François Bertucci
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecological cancer. Identification of new therapeutic targets is crucial. MARCKS, myristoylated alanine-rich C-kinase substrate, has been implicated in aggressiveness of several cancers and MARCKS inhibitors are in development. Using immunohistochemistry (IHC), we retrospectively assessed MARCKS expression in epithelial and stromal cells of 118 pre-chemotherapy EOC samples and 40 normal ovarian samples from patients treated at Salah Azaiez Institute. We compared MARCKS expression in normal versus cancer samples, and searched for correlations with clinicopathological features, including overall survival (OS)...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290193/spectrum-of-gynecological-malignancies-at-jamshoro
#7
Naheed Parveen, Raheel Sikander, Majida, Shaheen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and spectrum of different types of gynecological malignancies. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, from January 2014 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: All patients with gynecological malignancies, admitted at the study place, whether previously diagnosed or need to establish the diagnosis on the basis of EUA, biopsy, staging and for surgery during the study period were included...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287717/perioperative-outcomes-of-3-arm-versus-4-arm-robotic-radical-hysterectomy-in-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#8
Ga Won Yim, Kyung Jin Eoh, Young Shin Chung, Sang Wun Kim, Sunghoon Kim, Eun Ji Nam, Jung Yun Lee, Young Tae Kim
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare surgical outcomes of 3 versus 4 robotic arm approach for robotic surgery in patients with cervical cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively-collected data (Canadian Task Force II-2). SETTING: Academic tertiary hospital PATIENTS: A total of 142 patients with stage 1A1-IIB cervical carcinoma that underwent robotic surgery were included for analysis. The subjects were divided according to the surgical approach (number of robotic arms) and the two groups were compared in terms of intraoperative data and postoperative outcomes...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284899/myometrium-invasion-tumour-size-and-lymphovascular-invasion-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-dissemination-of-pelvic-lymphatics-at-endometrial-carcinoma
#9
Nenad Lucic, Dragica Draganovic, Sanja Sibincic, Vesna Ecim-Zlojutro, Snjezana Milicevic
Objective: The aim of this work is to show the importance of the depth of myometrium invasion, tumour size and lymphovascular invasion as prognostic factors in dissemination of lymphatic nodes at endometrial carcinoma (CE). Materials and methods: In the period from 2010 to 2015 at the University Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics in Banja Luka, 221 endometrial cancer surgeries were done (laparatomy 184-83%, laparascopy 37-16,74%). Patients who had uterus bleeding in peri/postmenopause or those whose endometrium thickness was bigger than 5 mm which was established by ultrasound, or those who had in their cavum uteri pathological (PH) diagnosis, underwent fractional curettage (FC) or hysteroscopy in order to obtain pathohistological endometrium diagnosis...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277809/long-term-outcomes-of-carbon-ion-radiotherapy-for-locally-advanced-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix
#10
Noriyuki Okonogi, Masaru Wakatsuki, Shingo Kato, Shintaro Shiba, Daijiro Kobayashi, Hiroki Kiyohara, Kumiko Karasawa, Tatsuya Ohno, Takashi Nakano, Tadashi Kamada, Makio Shozu
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of carbon-ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) for locally advanced cervical squamous cell carcinoma (LAC-SqCC) in 2 prospective phase I/II studies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the first study, 14 patients were treated with 68.8-72.8 Gy (RBE)/24 fractions. In a subsequent study, 22 patients were treated with 64.0-72.0 Gy (RBE)/20 fractions while limiting the dose to the gastro-intestinal (GI) <60 Gy (RBE). RESULTS: The 10-year local control rates were 92% and 61% for the patients administered a total dose of 72...
January 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273351/to-oophorectomy-or-not-to-oophorectomy-practice-patterns-among-urologists-treating-bladder-cancer
#11
Rachael D Sussman, Chihun J Han, Daniel Marchalik, Filipe L Carvahlo, Meghan F Davis, Lee A Richter, Stephanie L Wethington, Lambros Stamatakis
OBJECTIVES: Classically, radical cystectomy (RC) involves hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO). Current understanding of ovarian cancer pathogenesis and effect of premature oophorectomy has lead to a shift within gynecology toward risk-reducing salpingectomy without oophorectomy in the absence of gynecologic malignancy. The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge base and practice patterns of urologic oncologists with regard to management of the gynecological organs at the time of RC...
December 19, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248205/a-guided-tour-of-selected-issues-pertaining-to-metastatic-carcinomas-involving-or-originating-from-the-gynecologic-tract
#12
REVIEW
Robert A Soslow, Rajmohan Murali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246451/molecular-insights-into-the-classification-of-high-grade-endometrial-carcinoma
#13
REVIEW
Yaser R Hussein, Robert A Soslow
Endometrial carcinoma, which is associated with a mortality rate of approximately 20%, is the most common gynecological malignancy in the Western world. It is a heterogeneous disease, with multiple histotypes, each constituting a different disease entity. However, interobserver diagnostic agreement is suboptimal, particularly among the most lethal histotypes. Most recent data also indicate that histotype assignment is not independently associated with survival, while in contrast, clinicopathological risk stratification and genomic classification are significantly prognostic...
December 12, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242937/paclitaxel-with-and-without-pazopanib-for-persistent-or-recurrent-ovarian-cancer-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Debra L Richardson, Michael W Sill, Robert L Coleman, Anil K Sood, Michael L Pearl, Siobhan M Kehoe, Michael E Carney, Parviz Hanjani, Linda Van Le, Xun C Zhou, Angeles Alvarez Secord, Heidi J Gray, Lisa M Landrum, Heather A Lankes, Wei Hu, Carol Aghajanian
Importance: Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of gynecologic cancer deaths in the United States. Pazopanib is an oral, multitarget kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1, 2, and 3; platelet-derived growth factor receptors α and β; and proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase (c-KIT). Objective: To estimate the progression-free survival (PFS) hazard ratio (HR) of weekly paclitaxel and pazopanib compared with weekly paclitaxel and placebo in women with recurrent ovarian cancer...
December 14, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241740/aberrant-pax-8-expression-in-well-differentiated-papillary-mesothelioma-and-malignant-mesothelioma-of-the-peritoneum-a-clinicopathologic-study
#15
Deyin Xing, Natalie Banet, Rajni Sharma, Russell Vang, Brigitte M Ronnett, Peter B Illei
Serous ovarian neoplasms can overlap morphologically with peritoneal mesothelial proliferations, with common features including well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma (WDPM) and malignant epithelioid mesothelioma (MM). Accurate histologic classification of these neoplasms is important for clinical management. The Pax-8 protein is commonly used for differentiating peritoneal MM from serous carcinoma, but the diagnostic value of Pax-8 for distinguishing WDPM from borderline or low-grade serous tumors is unknown...
December 11, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240603/what-is-the-optimal-adjuvant-treatment-sequence-for-node-positive-endometrial-cancer-results-of-a-national-cancer-database-analysis
#16
Ankit Modh, Ahmed I Ghanem, Charlotte Burmeister, Rabbie K Hanna, Mohamed A Elshaikh
OBJECTIVE: The optimal sequence of administering chemotherapy (CT) and radiation treatment (RT) in women with node-positive endometrial carcinoma (EC) remains controversial. We used the National Cancer Database to evaluate overall survival (OS) in women with advanced EC receiving different sequences of adjuvant therapy. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for female adults with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2009 stage IIIC1 to IIIC2 EC diagnosed from 2004 to 2012 treated with hysterectomy and adjuvant CT and RT...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237907/long-noncoding-rna-activated-by-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-promotes-cancer-development-and-is-a-prognostic-marker-in-cervical-cancer
#17
Weichun Cao, Tianfang Peng, Yi Zhou
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been highlighted as crucial elements in cancer biology. LncRNA activated by transforming growth factor-β (ATB) was identified to promote the development of multiple cancers and may serve as a potential therapeutic target in human cancers. However, to the best of our knowledge, the functional role of ATB in cervical cancer has not been verified yet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of lncRNA ATB was evaluated by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay in cervical cancer cell lines and clinical specimens...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220296/carcinosarcomas-and-related-cancers-tumors-caught-in-the-act-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#18
Angela Pang, Mariana Carbini, Andre L Moreira, Robert G Maki
In this review, we outline the biology and management of patients with carcinosarcomas and related malignancies, which are often included under the broader concept of sarcomatoid carcinomas. Carcinosarcomas are unusual tumors that are commonly gynecologic in origin, where they are referred to as malignant mixed Müllerian tumors, but may appear in any anatomic site. Although a variety of hypotheses have been presented as to the biphasic nature of these tumors, carcinosarcomas seem to represent the best example in human cancers of the concept of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), in which the two parts of the tumor are genomically related to one another, as opposed to the mesenchymal component that represents a second neoplasm or (benign) reactive process...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218242/long-noncoding-rna-lncbrm-facilitates-the-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-ovarian-cancer-cells-via-upregulation-of-sox4
#19
Jie Xi, Jing Feng, Saitian Zeng
Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the most fatal gynecological cancer in women worldwide. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) lncBRM was found to be associated with the progression and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the expression level, clinical significance and functions in OC tumorigenesis and progression remain unclear. Our present research demonstrated that lncBRM expression was significantly increased in OC tissues. Upregulation of lncBRM expression was correlated with histological grade, FIGO stages, lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis of patients with OC...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214031/parp-inhibitors-as-potential-therapeutic-agents-for-various-cancers-focus-on-niraparib-and-its-first-global-approval-for-maintenance-therapy-of-gynecologic-cancers
#20
REVIEW
Mekonnen Sisay, Dumessa Edessa
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) are an important family of nucleoproteins highly implicated in DNA damage repair. Among the PARP families, the most studied are PARP1, PARP2 and PARP 3. PARP1 is found to be the most abundant nuclear enzyme under the PARP series. These enzymes are primarily involved in base excision repair as one of the major single strand break (SSB) repair mechanisms. Being double stranded, DNA engages itself in reparation of a sub-lethal SSB with the aid of PARP. Moreover, by having a sister chromatid, DNA can also repair double strand breaks with either error-free homologous recombination or error-prone non-homologous end-joining...
2017: Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
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