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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058127/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-fatigue-among-survivors-of-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
D Brandenbarg, J H W M Korsten, M Y Berger, A J Berendsen
PURPOSE: Favorable health outcomes among cancer survivors are increasingly being attributed to lifestyle factors like physical activity, which is now promoted in clinical guidelines. However, the available evidence indicates that physical activity may also reduce fatigue in this patient group. In this systematic review, we aimed to examine whether physical activity could reduce fatigue among survivors of colorectal cancer. METHODS: The databases of Medline, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were systematically searched, using combinations of MeSH and free-text terms for colorectal cancer, physical activity, and fatigue...
October 23, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057438/selected-trace-elements-concentrations-in-pregnancy-and-their-possible-role-literature-review
#2
Iwona Lewicka, Rafał Kocyłowski, Mariusz Grzesiak, Zuzanna Gaj, Przemysław Oszukowski, Joanna Suliburska
The aim of this study was to review the role of selected trace elements in pregnancy and fetal development. Citations related to the role of iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu) and selenium (Se) during pregnancy were searched in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, using keywords and MeSH terms. Inadequate supply of trace elements can cause abnormalities of fetal development and predispose a child to disorders later on in life. Trace elements are the key elements of complex enzymes responsible for the modulation of the antioxidant defense system of the organism...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056083/frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-update-and-review-of-challenges-and-successes
#3
Derek To, Jennifer Beecker
BACKGROUND: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a variant of lichen planopilaris (LPP) and is characterised as a progressive cicatricial alopecia affecting the frontotemporal hairline. OBJECTIVES: To perform a comprehensive, up-to-date review of the etiopathogenesis, clinicopathological features, and therapeutic options for FFA. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed (from 1946) and Cochrane (from 1991) databases on March 7, 2017...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056021/-effects-of-flap-or-myocutaneous-flap-combined-with-fascia-lata-or-composite-mesh-on-repairing-severe-high-voltage-electrical-burn-wounds-in-abdomen-of-patients
#4
C Zhang, X H Hu, H Chen, C X Ma, F J Qin, C Q Wen, Y M Shen
Objective: To investigate the effects of flap or myocutaneous flap combined with fascia lata or composite mesh on repairing wounds in abdomen of patients with severe high-voltage electrical burn. Methods: From January 2010 to May 2017, 11 patients with severe high-voltage electrical burn in abdomen were hospitalized in our burn wards. In 3 hours to 7 days after burn, operation was performed when patients were in stable condition. After debridement, intestines with necrosis or perforation in 4 patients with peritoneal defects were resected and intestinal anastomosis was performed...
October 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055880/component-separation-of-abdominal-wall-with-intraoperative-botulinum-a-presents-satisfactory-outcomes-in-large-incisional-hernias-a-case-report
#5
Lucas Torres Oliveira, Felipe Futema Essu, Gustavo Heluani Antunes de Mesquita, Yuri Justi Jardim, Leandro Ryuchi Iuamoto, Fábio Yuji Suguita, Diego Ramos Martines, Fernanda Nii, Daniel Reis Waisberg, Alberto Meyer, Wellington Andraus, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D'Albuquerque
PURPOSE: Transplantation patients have a series of associated risk factors that make appearance of incisional hernia (IH) more likely. A number of aspects of the closure of large defects remain controversial. In this manuscript, we present the repair of a large IH following liver transplantation through the technique of posterior components separation combined with the anterior, together with the intraoperative use of botulinum toxin A and the placement of mesh. As a secondary objective, we analyze the incidence of IH following liver transplantation in our service...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054910/mesh-campaigners-are-dismayed-by-minister-s-blunder-over-nice-guidance
#6
Zosia Kmietowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054849/minister-blames-doctors-for-adverse-reactions-to-mesh-implants
#7
Zosia Kmietowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054517/size-distribution-of-salbutamol-ipratropium-aerosols-produced-by-different-nebulizers-in-the-absence-and-presence-of-heat-and-humidification
#8
Ssu-Han Yang, Tsung-Ming Yang, Hui-Ling Lin, Ying-Huang Tsai, Tien-Pei Fang, Gwo-Hwa Wan
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the size distribution of inhaled and exhaled aerosolized drugs, or the effect of heated humidification on particle size and lung deposition. The present study evaluated these aspects of bronchodilator (salbutamol/ipratropium) delivery using a lung model in the absence and presence of heat and humidification. METHODS: We positioned filters to collect and measure the initial drug, inhaled drug, and exhaled drug. Particle size distribution was evaluated using an 8-stage Marple personal cascade impactor with 0...
October 17, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053150/dispersal-alters-bacterial-diversity-and-composition-in-a-natural-community
#9
Michaeline B N Albright, Jennifer B H Martiny
Dispersal is central to the evolution and maintenance of microbial diversity. Quantifying microbial dispersal and its role in shaping communities remains a challenge, however. Here, we manipulated a bacterial community's dispersal rate in a grassland ecosystem and test whether this altered diversity and composition. We constructed bags of two nylon mesh sizes that allowed more or less bacterial movement and filled them with an edible or inedible substrate, irradiated plant litter or nylon sheets. We measured changes in bacterial abundance (using flow cytometry) and composition (using 16S amplicon sequencing) in the bags weekly over 5 months...
October 20, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052830/diaphragmatic-rupture-a-single-institution-experience-and-literature-review
#10
Carlo Corbellini, Stefano Costa, Tiberio Canini, Roberta Villa, Ettore Contessini Avesani
BACKGROUND: Diaphragmatic rupture (DR) is a rare and potentially life-threatening event caused by trauma or spontaneously. DR occasionally occurs several months after the injury. Chest X-ray and computed tomography are the most effective diagnostic methods. Delay in DR diagnosis occurs frequently. This study aimed to examine and improve our understanding of the etiology, clinical presentation, and management of DR. METHODS: This study was performed at the Emergency and General Surgery Department of Fondazione I...
September 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052067/concomitant-open-ventral-hernia-repair-what-is-the-financial-impact-of-performing-open-ventral-hernia-with-other-abdominal-procedures-concomitantly
#11
Vashisht Madabhushi, Margaret A Plymale, John Scott Roth, Sara Johnson, Alex Wade, Daniel L Davenport
BACKGROUND: Open ventral hernia repair (VHR) is often performed in conjunction with other abdominal procedures. Clinical outcomes and financial implications of VHR are becoming better understood; however, financial implications of concomitant VHR during other abdominal procedures are unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the financial implications of adding VHR to open abdominal procedures. METHODS: This IRB-approved study retrospectively reviewed hospital costs to 180-day post-discharge of standalone VHRs, isolated open abdominal surgeries (bowel resection or stoma closure, removal of infected mesh, hysterectomy or oophorectomy, panniculectomy or abdominoplasty, open appendectomy or cholecystectomy), performed at our institution from October 1, 2011 to September 30, 2014...
October 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052066/long-term-clinical-outcomes-after-intrathoracic-stomach-surgery-a-decade-of-longitudinal-follow-up
#12
Allison M Blake, Sumeet K Mittal
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with large paraesophageal hernias have more than 75% of the stomach herniated above the diaphragm; such cases are referred to as intrathoracic stomach (ITS). Herein, we report longitudinal symptomatic outcomes over a decade after surgical ITS repair in a large patient cohort. METHODS: Patients who underwent surgical treatment for ITS from 01/2004 to 05/2016 were studied. Preoperative and follow-up data were prospectively collected...
October 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051678/rapid-b-rep-model-preprocessing-for-immersogeometric-analysis-using-analytic-surfaces
#13
Chenglong Wang, Fei Xu, Ming-Chen Hsu, Adarsh Krishnamurthy
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of flow over complex objects have been performed traditionally using fluid-domain meshes that conform to the shape of the object. However, creating shape conforming meshes for complicated geometries like automobiles require extensive geometry preprocessing. This process is usually tedious and requires modifying the geometry, including specialized operations such as defeaturing and filling of small gaps. Hsu et al. (2016) developed a novel immersogeometric fluid-flow method that does not require the generation of a boundary-fitted mesh for the fluid domain...
March 2017: Computer Aided Geometric Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051109/spontaneous-intrauterine-depressed-skull-fractures-report-of-two-cases-requiring-neurosurgical-intervention-and-literature-review
#14
Anand Veeravagu, Tej D Azad, Bowen Jiang, Michael S B Edwards
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intrauterine depressed skull fractures (IDSF) are rare fractures that often require neurosurgical evaluation and therapy. The majority of reported congenital depressions are secondary to maternal abdominal trauma or instrumentation during delivery. Spontaneous IDSF occur in the setting of uneventful normal spontaneous vaginal delivery (NSVD) or cesarean section, without obvious predisposing risk factors. The etiology and optimal management of spontaneous IDSF remain controversial...
October 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050485/giant-inguinoscrotal-hernia-repair
#15
A Prochotsky, S Dolak, V Minarovjech, I Medzo, M Hutan, A Mifkovic
Giant inguinoscrotal hernia is defined as an inguinal hernia extending below the midpoint of inner thigh in standing position. The authors describe giant inguinoscrotal hernia and small umbilical hernia with 12 years history of this uncommon disease. After preoperative evaluation, US and CT examination he was operated on. It was very difficult to return the hernia sac contents back to the abdomen and additional infraumbilical incision was needed. Hernioplasty suo modo without mesh was done. Patient recovered uneventfully...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049542/nanoparticle-optimization-for-enhanced-targeted-anti-cancer-drug-delivery
#16
Ibrahim Chamseddine, Michael Kokkolaras
Nanoparticle-based drug delivery is a promising method to increase the therapeutic index of anti-cancer agents with low median toxic dose. The delivery efficiency, corresponding to the fraction of the injected nanoparticles that adhere to the tumor site, depends on nanoparticle size $a$ and aspect ratio $AR$. Currently, values for these variables are chosen empirically, and may not yield optimal targeted drug delivery. This study applies rigorous optimization to the design of nanoparticles. A preliminary investigation revealed that delivery efficiency increases monotonically with $a$ and $AR$...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049146/outcomes-of-titanium-mesh-cranioplasty-in-pediatric-patients
#17
Irene T Ma, Melissa R Symon, Ruth E Bristol, Stephen P Beals, Edward F Joganic, P David Adelson, David H Shafron, Davinder J Singh
PURPOSE: Cranial defects in children have been repaired with various materials ranging from autologous bone to synthetic materials. There is little published literature on the outcomes of titanium mesh cranioplasty (TMC) in calvarial reconstruction in the pediatric population. This study evaluates a pediatric cohort who underwent calvarial defect reconstruction with titanium mesh and assesses the efficacy and outcomes of TMC. METHODS: An Institutional Review Board approved retrospective review of patients ≤18 years of age who underwent cranioplasty from 1999 to 2014 at 2 centers was performed...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048794/-ionic-liquid-based-ultrasonication-assisted-extraction-of-essential-oil-from-the-leaves-of-persicaria-minor-and-conductor-like-screening-model-for-realistic-solvents-study
#18
Ullah Habib, D Wilfred Cecilia, S Shaharun Maizatul
Ionic liquids (ILs) based ultrasonic-assisted extract has been applied for the extraction of essential oil from Persicaria minor leaves. The effects of temperature, sonication time, and particle size of the plant material on the yield of essential oil were investigated. Among the different ILs employed, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate was the most effective, providing a 9.55% yield of the essential oil under optimum conditions (70 ℃, 25 min, IL:hexane ratio of 7:10 (v/v), particle size 60-80 mesh). The performance of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate in the extraction was attributed to its low viscosity and ability to disintegrate the structural matrix of the plant material...
June 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048746/long-term-occurrence-of-secondary-compartment-pelvic-organ-prolapse-after-open-mesh-sacrocolpopexy-for-symptomatic-prolapse
#19
Connie Wang, Alana L Christie, Philippe E Zimmern
AIMS: To report on the long-term occurrence of secondary compartment pelvic organ prolapse (POP) after open mesh sacrocolpopexy (MSC). METHODS: A prospectively maintained, IRB-approved database of non-neurogenic women with symptomatic triple compartment POP who underwent open MSC between 1999 and 2011 and had a 1-year minimum follow-up was reviewed. Length of follow-up was categorized as: intermediate (1-3 yr), late (3-5 yr), and very late (>5 yr). Demographic data, history of POP repairs, exam with Baden-Walker grading, validated questionnaires (Urogenital Distress Inventory short form [UDI-6], QoL), and outcomes at each follow-up visit were recorded...
October 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047873/gpu-based-acceleration-and-mesh-optimization-of-finite-element-method-based-quantitative-photoacoustic-tomography-a-step-towards-clinical-applications
#20
Tianqi Shan, Jin Qi, Max Jiang, Huabei Jiang
Finite element method (FEM)-based time-domain quantitative photoacoustic tomography (TD-qPAT) is a powerful approach, as it provides highly accurate quantitative imaging capability by recovering absolute tissue absorption coefficients for functional imaging. However, this approach is extremely computationally demanding, and requires days for the reconstruction of one set of images, making it impractical to be used in clinical applications, where a large amount of data needs to be processed in a limited time scale...
May 20, 2017: Applied Optics
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