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hyaluronan matrix

Lydia Edjekouane, Samira Benhadjeba, Maïka Jangal, Hubert Fleury, Nicolas Gévry, Euridice Carmona, André Tremblay
Chromosomal and genome abnormalities at the 3p21.3 locus are frequent events linked to epithelial cancers, including ovarian and breast cancers. Genes encoded in the 3p21.3 cluster include HYAL1, HYAL2 and HYAL3 members of hyaluronidases involved in the breakdown of hyaluronan, an abundant component of the vertebrate extracellular matrix. However, the transcriptional regulation of HYAL genes is poorly defined. Here, we identified the estrogen receptor ERα as a negative regulator of HYAL1 expression in breast cancer cells...
October 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Manuela Viola, Kathrin Brüggemann, Evgenia Karousou, Ilaria Caon, Elena Caravà, Davide Vigetti, Burkhard Greve, Christian Stock, Giancarlo De Luca, Alberto Passi, Martin Götte
Proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycans modulate numerous cellular processes relevant to tumour progression, including cell proliferation, cell-matrix interactions, cell motility and invasive growth. Among the glycosaminoglycans with a well-documented role in tumour progression are heparan sulphate, chondroitin/dermatan sulphate and hyaluronic acid/hyaluronan. While the mode of biosynthesis differs for sulphated glycosaminoglycans, which are synthesised in the ER and Golgi compartments, and hyaluronan, which is synthesized at the plasma membrane, these polysaccharides partially compete for common substrates...
October 15, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Ruiqing Yao, Miyuki Tanaka, Eriko Misawa, Marie Saito, Kazumi Nabeshima, Koji Yamauchi, Fumiaki Abe, Yuki Yamamoto, Fukumi Furukawa
Estrogen deficiencies associated with menopause accelerate spontaneous skin aging and stimulate the ultraviolet (UV) irradiation-induced photoaging of skin. However, food compositions with the potential to ameliorate the UV irradiation-induced acceleration of skin aging with menopause have not yet been investigated in detail. In the present study, we examined the ability of plant sterols derived from Aloe vera gel to prevent the UV irradiation-induced acceleration of skin aging in ovariectomized mice. Skin transepidermal water loss (TEWL) was significantly higher in the ovariectomy group than in the sham operation group following UVB irradiation, whereas skin elasticity was significantly lower...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Food Science
Antonietta Stellavato, Luisana Corsuto, Antonella D'Agostino, Annalisa La Gatta, Paola Diana, Patrizia Bernini, Mario De Rosa, Chiara Schiraldi
Hyaluronic Acid (HA)-based dermal formulations have rapidly gained a large consensus in aesthetic medicine and dermatology. HA, highly expressed in the Extracellular Matrix (ECM), acts as an activator of biological cascades, stimulating cell migration and proliferation, and operating as a regulator of the skin immune surveillance, through specific interactions with its receptors. HA may be used in topical formulations, as dermal inducer, for wound healing. Moreover, intradermal HA formulations (injectable HA) provide an attractive tool to counteract skin aging (e...
2016: PloS One
Silvina Laura Lompardía, Mariángeles Díaz, Daniela Laura Papademetrio, Matías Pibuel, Élida Álvarez, Silvia Elvira Hajos
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative syndrome characterized by the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome which encodes a constitutively activated tyrosine kinase (BCR-ABL). The first line treatment for CML consists on BCR-ABL inhibitors such as Imatinib. Nevertheless, such treatment may lead to the selection of resistant cells. Therefore, it is of great value to find molecules that enhance the anti-proliferative effect of first-line drugs. Hyaluronan is the main glycosaminglican of the extracellular matrix which is involved in tumor progression and multidrug resistance...
October 8, 2016: Investigational New Drugs
Noriko Horii-Hayashi, Takayo Sasagawa, Mayumi Nishi
The hypothalamus controls metabolism, stress responses, and instinctive behaviors for individual survival and species preservation. Recent studies suggest that hypothalamic neurons retain plasticity throughout adulthood, which enables these neurons to respond to various kinds of changes in environment, nutrients, and fluctuating hormones. One of the mechanisms underlying the regulation of neural plasticity is the formation of a stable extracellular matrix (ECM) structure called perineuronal nets (PNNs). PNNs are large aggregates of heterogeneous ECM molecules such as chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs), hyaluronan, their link proteins, and tenascin-R...
October 6, 2016: Anatomical Science International
Mohammad Raoufi, Neda Aslankoohi, Christine Mollenhauer, Heike Boehm, Joachim P Spatz, Dorothea Brüggemann
Biomedical applications ranging from tissue engineering to drug delivery systems require versatile biomaterials based on the scalable and tunable production of biopolymer nanofibers under physiological conditions. These requirements can be successfully met by a novel extrusion process through nanoporous aluminum oxide templates, which is presented in this study. With this simple method we are able to control the nanofiber diameter by chosing the size of the nanopores and the concentration of the biopolymer feed solution...
October 10, 2016: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
Eri Yoshida, Daisuke Kudo, Hayato Nagase, Hiroshi Shimoda, Shinichiro Suto, Mika Negishi, Ikuko Kakizaki, Masahiko Endo, Kenichi Hakamada
Hyaluronan (HA) is a major component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), and influences tumor invasion and metastasis. In a previous study, the present authors reported for the first time that 4-methylumbelliferone (MU) inhibited HA synthesis and suppressed tumor growth. However, the localization of HA and the changes in ECM morphology caused by MU in pancreatic cancer remain to be examined in detail. In the present study, the cytotoxicity of MU and its effect on cellular proliferation was evaluated in the human pancreatic cancer cell line MIA PaCa-2...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Shotaro Maehana, Masaki Nakamura, Fumihiro Ogawa, Rimika Imai, Rei Murakami, Fumiaki Kojima, Masataka Majima, Hidero Kitasato
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family has a key role in the formation of blood vessels and lymphatics. Among the members of this family, VEGF-C is one of the most important factors involved in lymphangiogenesis via binding with two receptors (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 and -3: VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3). Soluble VEGFR-2 (sVEGFR-2) has a role in maintaining the alymphatic state of the cornea associated with binding to VEGF-C, and selectively inhibits lymphangiogenesis but not angiogenesis...
September 30, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Anna Osiecka-Iwan, Stanislaw Moskalewski, Anna Hyc
INTRODUCTION: We have previously observed that rat synovial membranes incubated in medium containing cartilage interstitial fluid (CIF) responded by changes in the expression of hyaluronan synthases (HAS1 and HAS2), collagen type I, versican, aggrecan, lubricin, matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 3 (MMP2 and MMP3), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP1, 2 and 3), transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin (IL) 1β and IL-6. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of particular cytokines found in CIF on the gene expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in synovial membrane cells...
October 3, 2016: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
Jiurong Liang, Yanli Zhang, Ting Xie, Ningshan Liu, Huaiyong Chen, Yan Geng, Adrianne Kurkciyan, Jessica Monterrosa Mena, Barry R Stripp, Dianhua Jiang, Paul W Noble
Successful recovery from lung injury requires the repair and regeneration of alveolar epithelial cells to restore the integrity of gas-exchanging regions within the lung and preserve organ function. Improper regeneration of the alveolar epithelium is often associated with severe pulmonary fibrosis, the latter of which involves the recruitment and activation of fibroblasts, as well as matrix accumulation. Type 2 alveolar epithelial cells (AEC2s) are stem cells in the adult lung that contribute to the lung repair process...
October 3, 2016: Nature Medicine
Emily S Fuller, Cindy Shu, Margaret M Smith, Christopher B Little, James Melrose
The role of hyaluronan (HA) oligosaccharides in disc cell mediated matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and anabolic gene expression in-vitro and annular repair in-vivo were examined in this study. Monolayer and alginate bead cultures of ovine intervertebral disc cells were stimulated with 10-12 mer hyaluronan oligosaccharides (HA-oligos). Annulus fibrosus (AF) monolayers were poorly responsive to the HA-oligos, proMMP-2 levels were marginally elevated and MMP-9 unaffected. ProMMP-2 displayed a strong dose dependant increase in the nucleus pulposus (NP) monolayers...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Aaron C Petrey, Carol A de la Motte
Dynamic alterations of the extracellular matrix in response to injury directly modulate inflammation, and consequently, the promotion and resolution of disease. During inflammation, hyaluronan (HA) is increased at sites of inflammation where it may be covalently modified with the heavy chains (HC) of inter-α-trypsin inhibitor (IαI). Deposition of this unique, pathological form of HA (HC:HA) leads to the formation of cable-like structures that promote adhesion of leukocytes. Naive mononuclear leukocytes bind specifically to inflammation-associated HA matrices but do not adhere to HA constitutively expressed under homeostatic conditions...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Naoki Umemura, Emika Ohkoshi, Masamichi Tajima, Hirotaka Kikuchi, Tadashi Katayama, Hiroshi Sakagami
BACKGROUND: Dental pulp tissue contains many undifferentiated mesenchymal cells, which retain the ability to differentiate into mature cells. Induced pluripotent stem cells have been developed from various cell sources, including dental pulp-derived stem cells, and evaluated for potential application to regenerative therapy. Dental pulp tissues overexpress CD44, a cell-adhesion factor involved in the induction of mineralization. In this study, we investigated the effects of hyaluronan-a known CD44 ligand-on dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs)...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
I Morath, T N Hartmann, V Orian-Rousseau
CD44 is a cell adhesion molecule that plays an important role in tumor progression and metastasis. The role of CD44 in tumorigenesis is due to its binding to extracellular matrix components, including hyaluronan (HA) and osteopontin (OPN), and to messenger molecules, such as growth factors present in the tumor microenvironment. HA and OPN are highly abundant in the leukemic stem cell niche and in solid tumors of various cancer types, where they contribute to the maintenance of the stemness of malignant cells...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Raluca Vulpe, Didier Le Cerf, Virginie Dulong, Marcel Popa, Catalina Peptu, Liliana Verestiuc, Luc Picton
The elaboration of chemically crosslinked hydrogels based on collagen (C), hyaluronanic acid (HA) and sericin (S) with different polymer ratios was investigated by in-situ rheology. This reaction was performed via amide or ester bond reaction activated by carbodiimide, in pure water. Prior to molecule crosslinking, the rheological behaviour of the biopolymers (alone or in mixture) was characterized in a semi-dilute concentration regime. Both flow and dynamic measurements showed that uncrosslinked collagen alone appears to be rather elastic with yield stress properties, whereas uncrosslinked HA alone appears to be rather shear thinning and viscoelastic in agreement with entangled polymer behaviour...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Sandra Rother, Sergey A Samsonov, Ute Hempel, Sarah Vogel, Stephanie Moeller, Joanna Blaszkiewicz, Sebastian Köhling, Matthias Schnabelrauch, Jörg Rademann, M Teresa Pisabarro, Vera Hintze, Dieter Scharnweber
Sulfated glycosaminoglycans (sGAGs) modulate cellular processes via their interaction with extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. We revealed a direct binding of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3) to the endocytic receptor low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP-1) clusters II and IV using surface plasmon resonance. Sulfated hyaluronan (sHA) and chondroitin sulfate (sCS) derivatives interfered with TIMP-3/LRP-1 complex formation in a sulfation-dependent manner stronger than heparin...
October 10, 2016: Biomacromolecules
Vladimir Z Prokopović, Anna S Vikulina, David Sustr, Claus Duschl, Dmitry Volodkin
Polymer multicomponent coatings such as multilayers mimic an extracellular matrix (ECM) that attracts significant attention for the use of the multilayers as functional supports for advanced cell culture and tissue engineering. Herein, biodegradation and molecular transport in hyaluronan/polylysine multilayers coated with gold nanoparticles were described. Nanoparticle coating acts as a semipermeable barrier that governs molecular transport into/from the multilayers and makes them biodegradation-resistant. Model protein lysozyme (mimics of ECM-soluble signals) diffuses into the multilayers as fast- and slow-diffusing populations existing in an equilibrium...
September 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Manveen K Sethi, Joseph Zaia
Brain extracellular matrix (ECM) is a highly organized system that consists of collagens, noncollagenous proteins, glycoproteins, hyaluronan, and proteoglycans. Recognized physiological roles of ECM include developmental regulation, tissue homeostasis, cell migration, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, neuronal plasticity, and neurite outgrowth. Aberrant ECM structure is associated with brain neurodegenerative conditions. This review focuses on two neurodegenerative conditions, schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease, and summarizes recent findings of altered ECM components, including proteoglycans, glycosaminoglycans, proteins, and glycoproteins, and proteins and genes related to other brain components...
September 6, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
John A Gebe, Koshika Yadava, Shannon M Ruppert, Payton Marshall, Paul Hill, Ben A Falk, Johanna M Sweere, Hongwei Han, Gernot Kaber, Carlos Medina, Katalin Mikecz, Steven F Ziegler, Swathi Balaji, Sundeep G Keswani, Vinicio A de Jesus Perez, Manish J Butte, Kari Nadeau, William A Altemeier, Neil Fanger, Paul L Bollyky
BACKGROUND: The extracellular matrix in asthmatic lungs contains abundant low-molecular-weight hyaluronan (LMW-HA) and this is known to promote antigen presentation and allergic responses. Conversely, high-molecular-weight hyaluronan, typical of un-inflamed tissues, is known to suppress inflammation. OBJECTIVE: We asked whether HMW-HA can be adapted to adapted to promote tolerance to airway allergens. METHODS: HMW-HA was thiolated to prevent its catabolism and tethered it to allergens via thiol linkages...
September 6, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
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