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hyaluronan matrix

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428204/flow-perturbation-mediates-neutrophil-recruitment-and-potentiates-endothelial-injury-via-tlr2-in-mice-implications-for-superficial-erosion
#1
Grégory Franck, Thomas Mawson, Grasiele Sausen, Manuel Salinas, Gustavo Santos Masson, Andrew P Cole, Marina Beltrami Moreira, Yiannis Chatzizisis, Thibaut Quillard, Yevgenia Tesmenitsky, Eugenia Shvartz, Galina K Sukhova, Filip K Swirski, Matthias Nahrendorf, Elena Aikawa, Kevin Croce, Peter Libby
Rationale: Superficial erosion currently causes up to a third of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), yet we lack understanding of its mechanisms. Thrombi due to superficial intimal erosion characteristically complicate matrix-rich atheromata in regions of flow perturbation. Objective: This study tested in vivo the involvement of disturbed flow, and of neutrophils, hyaluronan, and TLR2 ligation in superficial intimal injury, a process implicated in superficial erosion. Methods and Results: In mouse carotid arteries with established intimal lesions tailored to resemble the substrate of human eroded plaques, acute flow perturbation promoted downstream endothelial cell (EC) activation, neutrophil accumulation, EC death and desquamation, and mural thrombosis...
April 20, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406954/therapeutic-efficacy-of-intra-articular-hyaluronan-derivative-and-platelet-rich-plasma-in-mice-following-axial-tibial-loading
#2
Xin Duan, Linda J Sandell, Nobuaki Chinzei, Nilsson Holguin, Matthew J Silva, Antonella Schiavinato, Muhammad Farooq Rai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic potential of intra-articular hyaluronan-derivative HYADD® 4-G and/or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in a mouse model of non-invasive joint injury. METHODS: Non-invasive axial tibial loading was used to induce joint injury in 10-week-old C57BL/6J mice (n = 86). Mice underwent a single loading of either 6 Newton (N) or 9N axial tibial compression. HYADD® 4-G was injected intra-articularly at 8 mg/mL or 15 mg/mL either before or after loading with or without PRP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389561/tgf-beta-1-induced-cd44v6-nox4-signaling-in-pathogenesis-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#3
Shibnath Ghatak, Vincent C Hascall, Roger R Markwald, Carol Feghali-Bostwick, Carol M Artlett, Monika Gooz, Galina S Bogatkevich, Ilia Atanelishvili, Richard M Silver, Jeanette Wood, Victor J Thannickal, Suniti Misra
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive clinical syndrome of fatal outcome. The lack of information about the signaling pathways that sustain fibrosis and the myofibroblasts phenotype has prevented the development of targeted therapies for IPF. Our previous study (1) showed that isolated fibrogenic lung fibroblasts have high endogenous levels of the hyaluronan receptor, CD44v6 (CD44-variants containing exon-6), which enhances the TGF-beta-1 autocrine signaling and induces fibroblasts to transdifferentiate into myofibroblasts...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385042/macrophage-response-to-allogeneic-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-cells-in-hyaluronan-based-hydrogel-in-a-porcine-vocal-fold-injury-model
#4
Suzanne N King, Joo Hyun Woo, Sharon Tang, Susan L Thibeault
OBJECTIVE: Adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ASC) embedded in hyaluronan scaffold is a beneficial prophylactic treatment for vocal fold (VF) surgical scar. Here, we investigated the macrophage inflammatory response to allogeneic ASC-constructs and identified changes in lamina propria extracellular matrix. METHOD: Pig ASC were characterized and transfected with GFP+ lentivirus. Thirty-three pigs underwent VF biopsies, and after 3 days, gel alone, gel+pASC, placebo, or pASC alone was injected into wound bed...
April 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378212/cardiac-hyaluronan-may-be-associated-with-the-persistence-of-atrial-fibrillation
#5
Ayako Okada, Yuichiro Kashima, Takeshi Tomita, Takahiro Takeuchi, Yasutaka Oguchi, Koji Yoshie, Wataru Shoin, Morio Shoda, Kenichi Nitta, Koichiro Kuwahara, Hiroshi Imamura
Hyaluronan (HA), a primary component of the extracellular matrix, is associated with several cardiovascular diseases. However, its precise cardiac origin and role in atrial fibrillation (AF) remain unclear. We investigated chamber-specific HA levels in patients with paroxysmal AF (PAF) or persistent AF (PSAF). The levels of HA, a diacron-reactive oxygen metabolite (dROM) as a marker for oxidative stress, at different cardiac sites, and peripheral brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels were measured in patients with PAF (n = 50) or PSAF (n = 35)...
April 4, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376257/the-stiffness-of-a-crosslinked-hyaluronan-hydrogel-affects-its-chondro-induction-activity-on-hadscs
#6
Benjamin Teong, Shun-Cheng Wu, Chien-Mei Chang, Jhen-Wei Chen, Hui-Ting Chen, Chung-Hwan Chen, Je-Ken Chang, Mei-Ling Ho
Matrix stiffness plays an important role in stem cell differentiation. This study reports the synthesis of methacrylated hyaluronan (MeHA) with different degrees of methacrylation, ranging from 15 to 140% per disaccharide unit, which corresponds to a matrix stiffness ranging from 1.5 to 8 KPa. The swelling ratio was inversely proportional to the matrix stiffness, but the water content remained constant at >97% of the hydrogel mass. A fibril-like surface morphology and larger pore size were observed in lyophilized MeHA hydrogel with a lower stiffness...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365860/low-molecular-weight-hyaluronan-induces-migration-of-human-choriocarcinoma-jeg-3-cells-mediated-by-rhamm-as-well-as-by-pi3k-and-mapk-pathways
#7
Marilina Mascaró, Matías A Pibuel, Silvina L Lompardía, Mariangeles Díaz, Elsa Zotta, Maria I Bianconi, Néstor Lago, Silvina Otero, Gustavo Jankilevich, Elida Alvarez, Silvia E Hajos
Hyaluronan (HA) is the major glycosaminoglycan present in the extracellular matrix. It is produced by some tumours and promotes proliferation, differentiation and migration among others cellular processes. Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is composed by non-tumour entities, such as hydatidiform mole (HM), which is the most common type of GTD and also malignant entities such as choriocarcinoma (CC) and placental site trophoblastic tumour (PSTT), being CC the most aggressive tumour. Although there is a growing understanding of GTD biology, the role of HA in the pathogenesis of this group of diseases remains largely unknown...
April 1, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348418/expression-of-cgrp-vasculogenesis-and-osteogenesis-associated-mrnas-in-the-developing-mouse-mandible-and-tibia
#8
Yuuki Maeda, Yoko Miwa, Iwao Sato
The neuropeptide Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) is a well-characterized neurotransmitter. However, little is known about the role of CGRP in osteogenesis and vascular genesis during the developmental formation of bone. In the present study, we assessed the abundance of CGRP mRNA and the mRNA of osteogenesis and vascular genesis markers in the foetal mouse mandible and leg bone (tibia). We also analysed the expression and localization of CGRP, osteopontin (OPN) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A) using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical localization in the mouse mandible and tibia at embryonic days 12...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326306/cd44-a-multifunctional-cell-surface-adhesion-receptor-is-a-regulator-of-progression-and-metastasis-of-cancer-cells
#9
REVIEW
Linda T Senbanjo, Meenakshi A Chellaiah
CD44 is a cell surface adhesion receptor that is highly expressed in many cancers and regulates metastasis via recruitment of CD44 to the cell surface. Its interaction with appropriate extracellular matrix ligands promotes the migration and invasion processes involved in metastases. It was originally identified as a receptor for hyaluronan or hyaluronic acid and later to several other ligands including, osteopontin (OPN), collagens, and matrix metalloproteinases. CD44 has also been identified as a marker for stem cells of several types...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320463/hyaluronan-coating-improves-liver-engraftment-of-transplanted-human-biliary-tree-stem-progenitor-cells
#10
Lorenzo Nevi, Guido Carpino, Daniele Costantini, Vincenzo Cardinale, Olga Riccioni, Sabina Di Matteo, Fabio Melandro, Pasquale Bartolomeo Berloco, Lola Reid, Eugenio Gaudio, Domenico Alvaro
BACKGROUND: Cell therapy of liver diseases with human biliary tree stem cells (hBTSCs) is biased by low engraftment efficiency. Coating the hBTSCs with hyaluronans (HAs), the primary constituents of all stem cell niches, could facilitate cell survival, proliferation, and, specifically, liver engraftment given that HAs are cleared selectively by the liver. METHODS: We developed a fast and easy method to coat hBTSCs with HA and assessed the effects of HA-coating on cell properties in vitro and in vivo...
March 20, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301987/properties-of-epithelial-cells-and-vaginal-secretions-in-pregnant-women-when-lactobacillus-crispatus-or-lactobacillus-iners-dominate-the-vaginal-microbiome
#11
Julie Leizer, Dimitrios Nasioudis, Larry J Forney, G Maria Schneider, Karol Gliniewicz, Allison Boester, Steven S Witkin
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine differences in properties of vaginal epithelial cells and the composition of vaginal secretions when Lactobacillus crispatus or Lactobacillus iners are numerically dominant in the vaginal microenvironment of pregnant women. METHODS: The vaginal microbiomes of 157 first-trimester pregnant women were identified by classifying partial 16S gene sequences amplified from the V1 to V3 region of bacterial ribosomal 16S RNA genes...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282922/the-development-of-a-novel-therapeutic-strategy-to-target-hyaluronan-in-the-extracellular-matrix-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#12
REVIEW
Daisuke Kudo, Akiko Suto, Kenichi Hakamada
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal diseases to affect humans, regardless of whether patients receive multimodal therapy (including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy). This resistance to intervention is currently considered to be caused by the desmoplastic change of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in PDAC tissues, which is characterized by the accumulation of cancer-associated fibroblasts, collagen, proteoglycan, and hyaluronan. Among these ECM components, hyaluronan has attracted interest because various studies have indicated that hyaluronan-rich PDAC is correlated with the progressive properties of cancer cells, both in experimental and clinical settings...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279922/biomaterial-enabled-delivery-of-sdf-1%C3%AE-at-the-ventral-side-of-breast-cancer-cells-reveals-a-crosstalk-between-cell-receptors-to-promote-the-invasive-phenotype
#13
Xi Qiu Liu, Laure Fourel, Fabien Dalonneau, Rabia Sadir, Salome Leal, Hugues Lortat-Jacob, Marianne Weidenhaupt, Corinne Albiges-Rizo, Catherine Picart
The SDF-1α chemokine (CXCL12) is a potent bioactive chemoattractant known to be involved in hematopoietic stem cell homing and cancer progression. The associated SDF-1α/CXCR4 receptor signaling is a hallmark of aggressive tumors, which can metastasize to distant sites such as lymph nodes, lung and bone. Here, we engineered a biomimetic tumoral niche made of a thin and soft polyelectrolyte film that can retain SDF-1α to present it, in a spatially-controlled manner, at the ventral side of the breast cancer cells...
February 27, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277753/the-absence-of-detectable-adamts-4-aggrecanase-1-activity-in-synovial-fluid-is-a-predictive-indicator-of-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-success
#14
Karina Therese Wright, Jan Herman Kuiper, James Bruce Richardson, Pete Gallacher, Sally Roberts
BACKGROUND: Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is used worldwide in the treatment of cartilage defects in the knee. Several demographic and injury-specific risk factors have been identified that can affect the success of ACI treatment. However, the discovery of predictive biomarkers in this field has thus far been overlooked. PURPOSE: To identify potential biomarkers in synovial fluid and plasma that can be used in the preoperative setting to help optimize patient selection for cell-based cartilage repair strategies...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261331/a-biocompatible-macromolecular-two-photon-initiator-based-on-hyaluronan
#15
Maximilian Tromayer, Peter Gruber, Marica Markovic, Arnulf Rosspeintner, Eric Vauthey, Heinz Redl, Aleksandr Ovsianikov, Robert Liska
The possibility of the direct encapsulation of living cells via two-photon induced photopolymerization enables the microfabrication of hydrogel scaffolds with high initial cell loadings and intimate matrix-cell contact. While highly efficient water-soluble two-photon initiators based on benzylidene ketone dyes have been developed, they exhibit considerable cyto- and phototoxicity. To address the problem of photoinitiator migration from the extracellular matrix into the cytosol, a two-photon initiator bound to a polymeric hyaluronan backbone (HAPI) was synthesized in this work...
January 14, 2017: Polymer Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257990/extracellular-matrix-remodeling-in-vivo-for-enhancing-tumor-targeting-efficiency-of-nanoparticle-drug-carriers-using-the-pulsed-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound
#16
Sangmin Lee, Hyounkoo Han, Heebeom Koo, Jin Hee Na, Hong Yeol Yoon, Kyung Eun Lee, Hyukjin Lee, Hyuncheol Kim, Ick Chan Kwon, Kwangmeyung Kim
Dense and stiff extracellular matrix (ECM) in heterogeneous tumor tissues can inhibit deep penetration of nanoparticle drug carriers and decreases their therapeutic efficacy. Herein, we suggest the ECM remodeling strategy by the pulsed high intensity focused ultrasound (Pulsed-HIFU) technology for enhanced tumor-targeting of nanoparticles. First, we clearly observed that the tumor-targeting efficacy and tissue penetration of intravenously injected Cy5.5-labled glycol chitosan nanoparticles (Cy5.5-CNPs) were greatly inhibited in tumor tissue containing high collagen and hyaluronan contents in ECM-rich A549 tumor-bearing mice, compared to in ECM-less SCC7...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222208/effect-of-thiolated-glycosaminoglycans-on-the-behavior-of-breast-cancer-cells-toward-the-development-of-in-vitro-models-of-cancer
#17
Alexander Köwitsch, Ankur Chhalotre, Thomas Groth
PURPOSE: The influence of extracellular matrix components like glycosaminoglycans (GAG) or adhesive proteins on the migration of cancer cells and the progression of tumorigenesis remains a challenging task. Therefore, this study aims to give insight into the interaction of cancer cells exhibiting different metastatic potential (MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468) with surface immobilized GAG interacting with serum proteins like fibronectin. METHODS: Model substrata were covalently coated with different thiolated GAG (hyaluronan (HA), chondroitin sulfate (CS), heparin (Hep)) and investigated for the adsorption of fibronectin (FN) with surface plasmon resonance...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196904/extracellular-matrix-receptor-expression-in-subtypes-of-lung-adenocarcinoma-potentiates-outgrowth-of-micrometastases
#18
Laura E Stevens, William K C Cheung, Sally J Adua, Anna Arnal-Estapé, Minghui Zhao, Zongzhi Liu, Kelly Brewer, Roy S Herbst, Don X Nguyen
Mechanisms underlying the propensity of latent lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) to relapse are poorly understood. In this study, we show how differential expression of a network of extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules and their interacting proteins contributes to risk of relapse in distinct LUAD subtypes. Overexpression of the hyaluronan receptor HMMR in primary LUAD was associated with an inflammatory molecular signature and poor prognosis. Attenuating HMMR in LUAD cells diminished their ability to initiate lung tumors and distant metastases...
February 14, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188289/human-keratinocytes-respond-to-extracellular-utp-by-induction-of-hyaluronan-synthase-2-expression-and-increased-hyaluronan-synthesis
#19
Tiina Jokela, Riikka Kärnä, Leena Rauhala, Genevieve Bart, Sanna Pasonen-Seppänen, Sanna Oikari, Markku I Tammi, Raija H Tammi
The release of nucleotides into extracellular space is triggered by insults like wounding and ultraviolet radiation, resulting in stimulatory or inhibitory signals via plasma membrane nucleotide receptors. As similar insults are known to activate hyaluronan synthesis we explored the possibility that extracellular UTP or its breakdown products UDP and UMP act as mediators for hyaluronan synthase (HAS) activation in human epidermal keratinocytes. UTP increased hyaluronan both in the pericellular matrix and in the culture medium of HaCaT cells...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183614/evaluation-of-cell-surface-interaction-using-a-3d-spheroid-cell-culture-model-on-artificial-extracellular-matrices
#20
Wolfgang Metzger, Sandra Rother, Tim Pohlemann, Stephanie Möller, Matthias Schnabelrauch, Vera Hintze, Dieter Scharnweber
Since decades, cell-surface interactions are studied in 2D cell culture approaches, but cells organized in 3D (spheroids) reflect the normal situation of cells in tissues much better due to intense cell-cell-contacts. Accordingly, this study aimed to prove, if spheroids could be used to study cell-surface interaction. Spheroids consisting of fibroblasts and/or osteoblasts were seeded on artificial extracellular matrices. Here, non-sulfated hyaluronan as a biological relevant compound of the extracellular matrix was chemically sulfated to different extents and co-fibrillised with collagen...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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