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hyaluronan matrix

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326306/cd44-a-multifunctional-cell-surface-adhesion-receptor-is-a-regulator-of-progression-and-metastasis-of-cancer-cells
#1
REVIEW
Linda T Senbanjo, Meenakshi A Chellaiah
CD44 is a cell surface adhesion receptor that is highly expressed in many cancers and regulates metastasis via recruitment of CD44 to the cell surface. Its interaction with appropriate extracellular matrix ligands promotes the migration and invasion processes involved in metastases. It was originally identified as a receptor for hyaluronan or hyaluronic acid and later to several other ligands including, osteopontin (OPN), collagens, and matrix metalloproteinases. CD44 has also been identified as a marker for stem cells of several types...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320463/hyaluronan-coating-improves-liver-engraftment-of-transplanted-human-biliary-tree-stem-progenitor-cells
#2
Lorenzo Nevi, Guido Carpino, Daniele Costantini, Vincenzo Cardinale, Olga Riccioni, Sabina Di Matteo, Fabio Melandro, Pasquale Bartolomeo Berloco, Lola Reid, Eugenio Gaudio, Domenico Alvaro
BACKGROUND: Cell therapy of liver diseases with human biliary tree stem cells (hBTSCs) is biased by low engraftment efficiency. Coating the hBTSCs with hyaluronans (HAs), the primary constituents of all stem cell niches, could facilitate cell survival, proliferation, and, specifically, liver engraftment given that HAs are cleared selectively by the liver. METHODS: We developed a fast and easy method to coat hBTSCs with HA and assessed the effects of HA-coating on cell properties in vitro and in vivo...
March 20, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301987/properties-of-epithelial-cells-and-vaginal-secretions-in-pregnant-women-when-lactobacillus-crispatus-or-lactobacillus-iners-dominate-the-vaginal-microbiome
#3
Julie Leizer, Dimitrios Nasioudis, Larry J Forney, G Maria Schneider, Karol Gliniewicz, Allison Boester, Steven S Witkin
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine differences in properties of vaginal epithelial cells and the composition of vaginal secretions when Lactobacillus crispatus or Lactobacillus iners are numerically dominant in the vaginal microenvironment of pregnant women. METHODS: The vaginal microbiomes of 157 first-trimester pregnant women were identified by classifying partial 16S gene sequences amplified from the V1 to V3 region of bacterial ribosomal 16S RNA genes...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282922/the-development-of-a-novel-therapeutic-strategy-to-target-hyaluronan-in-the-extracellular-matrix-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#4
REVIEW
Daisuke Kudo, Akiko Suto, Kenichi Hakamada
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal diseases to affect humans, regardless of whether patients receive multimodal therapy (including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy). This resistance to intervention is currently considered to be caused by the desmoplastic change of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in PDAC tissues, which is characterized by the accumulation of cancer-associated fibroblasts, collagen, proteoglycan, and hyaluronan. Among these ECM components, hyaluronan has attracted interest because various studies have indicated that hyaluronan-rich PDAC is correlated with the progressive properties of cancer cells, both in experimental and clinical settings...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279922/biomaterial-enabled-delivery-of-sdf-1%C3%AE-at-the-ventral-side-of-breast-cancer-cells-reveals-a-crosstalk-between-cell-receptors-to-promote-the-invasive-phenotype
#5
Xi Qiu Liu, Laure Fourel, Fabien Dalonneau, Rabia Sadir, Salome Leal, Hugues Lortat-Jacob, Marianne Weidenhaupt, Corinne Albiges-Rizo, Catherine Picart
The SDF-1α chemokine (CXCL12) is a potent bioactive chemoattractant known to be involved in hematopoietic stem cell homing and cancer progression. The associated SDF-1α/CXCR4 receptor signaling is a hallmark of aggressive tumors, which can metastasize to distant sites such as lymph nodes, lung and bone. Here, we engineered a biomimetic tumoral niche made of a thin and soft polyelectrolyte film that can retain SDF-1α to present it, in a spatially-controlled manner, at the ventral side of the breast cancer cells...
February 27, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277753/the-absence-of-detectable-adamts-4-aggrecanase-1-activity-in-synovial-fluid-is-a-predictive-indicator-of-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-success
#6
Karina Therese Wright, Jan Herman Kuiper, James Bruce Richardson, Pete Gallacher, Sally Roberts
BACKGROUND: Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is used worldwide in the treatment of cartilage defects in the knee. Several demographic and injury-specific risk factors have been identified that can affect the success of ACI treatment. However, the discovery of predictive biomarkers in this field has thus far been overlooked. PURPOSE: To identify potential biomarkers in synovial fluid and plasma that can be used in the preoperative setting to help optimize patient selection for cell-based cartilage repair strategies...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261331/a-biocompatible-macromolecular-two-photon-initiator-based-on-hyaluronan
#7
Maximilian Tromayer, Peter Gruber, Marica Markovic, Arnulf Rosspeintner, Eric Vauthey, Heinz Redl, Aleksandr Ovsianikov, Robert Liska
The possibility of the direct encapsulation of living cells via two-photon induced photopolymerization enables the microfabrication of hydrogel scaffolds with high initial cell loadings and intimate matrix-cell contact. While highly efficient water-soluble two-photon initiators based on benzylidene ketone dyes have been developed, they exhibit considerable cyto- and phototoxicity. To address the problem of photoinitiator migration from the extracellular matrix into the cytosol, a two-photon initiator bound to a polymeric hyaluronan backbone (HAPI) was synthesized in this work...
January 14, 2017: Polymer Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257990/extracellular-matrix-remodeling-in-vivo-for-enhancing-tumor-targeting-efficiency-of-nanoparticle-drug-carriers-using-the-pulsed-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound
#8
Sangmin Lee, Hyounkoo Han, Heebeom Koo, Jin Hee Na, Hong Yeol Yoon, Kyung Eun Lee, Hyukjin Lee, Hyuncheol Kim, Ick Chan Kwon, Kwangmeyung Kim
Dense and stiff extracellular matrix (ECM) in heterogeneous tumor tissues can inhibit deep penetration of nanoparticle drug carriers and decreases their therapeutic efficacy. Herein, we suggest the ECM remodeling strategy by the pulsed high intensity focused ultrasound (Pulsed-HIFU) technology for enhanced tumor-targeting of nanoparticles. First, we clearly observed that the tumor-targeting efficacy and tissue penetration of intravenously injected Cy5.5-labled glycol chitosan nanoparticles (Cy5.5-CNPs) were greatly inhibited in tumor tissue containing high collagen and hyaluronan contents in ECM-rich A549 tumor-bearing mice, compared to in ECM-less SCC7...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222208/effect-of-thiolated-glycosaminoglycans-on-the-behavior-of-breast-cancer-cells-toward-the-development-of-in-vitro-models-of-cancer
#9
Alexander Köwitsch, Ankur Chhalotre, Thomas Groth
PURPOSE: The influence of extracellular matrix components like glycosaminoglycans (GAG) or adhesive proteins on the migration of cancer cells and the progression of tumorigenesis remains a challenging task. Therefore, this study aims to give insight into the interaction of cancer cells exhibiting different metastatic potential (MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468) with surface immobilized GAG interacting with serum proteins like fibronectin. METHODS: Model substrata were covalently coated with different thiolated GAG (hyaluronan (HA), chondroitin sulfate (CS), heparin (Hep)) and investigated for the adsorption of fibronectin (FN) with surface plasmon resonance...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196904/extracellular-matrix-receptor-expression-in-subtypes-of-lung-adenocarcinoma-potentiates-outgrowth-of-micrometastases
#10
Laura E Stevens, William Kc Cheung, Sally J Adua, Anna Arnal-Estapé, Minghui Zhao, Zongzhi Liu, Kelly Brewer, Roy S Herbst, Don X Nguyen
Mechanisms underlying the propensity of latent lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) to relapse are poorly understood. In this study, we show how differential expression of a network of extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules and their interacting proteins contributes to risk of relapse in distinct LUAD subtypes. Overexpression of the hyaluronan receptor HMMR in primary LUAD was associated with an inflammatory molecular signature and poor prognosis. Attenuating HMMR in LUAD cells diminished their ability to initiate lung tumors and distant metastases...
February 14, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188289/human-keratinocytes-respond-to-extracellular-utp-by-induction-of-hyaluronan-synthase-2-expression-and-increased-hyaluronan-synthesis
#11
Tiina A Jokela, Riikka Kärnä, Leena Rauhala, Genevieve Bart, Sanna Pasonen-Seppänen, Sanna Oikari, Markku I Tammi, Raija H Tammi
The release of nucleotides into extracellular space is triggered by insults like wounding and ultraviolet radiation, resulting in stimulatory or inhibitory signals via plasma membrane nucleotide receptors. As similar insults are known to activate hyaluronan synthesis we explored the possibility that extracellular UTP or its breakdown products UDP and UMP act as mediators for hyaluronan synthase (HAS) activation in human epidermal keratinocytes. UTP increased hyaluronan both in the pericellular matrix and in the culture medium of HaCaT cells...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183614/evaluation-of-cell-surface-interaction-using-a-3d-spheroid-cell-culture-model-on-artificial-extracellular-matrices
#12
Wolfgang Metzger, Sandra Rother, Tim Pohlemann, Stephanie Möller, Matthias Schnabelrauch, Vera Hintze, Dieter Scharnweber
Since decades, cell-surface interactions are studied in 2D cell culture approaches, but cells organized in 3D (spheroids) reflect the normal situation of cells in tissues much better due to intense cell-cell-contacts. Accordingly, this study aimed to prove, if spheroids could be used to study cell-surface interaction. Spheroids consisting of fibroblasts and/or osteoblasts were seeded on artificial extracellular matrices. Here, non-sulfated hyaluronan as a biological relevant compound of the extracellular matrix was chemically sulfated to different extents and co-fibrillised with collagen...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168629/role-of-hyal1-expression-in-primary-breast-cancer-in-the-formation-of-brain-metastases
#13
Isabell Witzel, Anna K Marx, Volkmar Müller, Harriet Wikman, Jakob Matschke, Udo Schumacher, Christine Stürken, Peter Prehm, Elena Laakmann, Barbara Schmalfeldt, Karin Milde-Langosch, Leticia Oliveira-Ferrer
BACKGROUND: The incidence of brain metastases in breast cancer patients has increased in the last years. However, the knowledge about tumor cell invasion in the brain is still very limited. Based on our recent study on cDNA microarray data of breast cancer patients, we hypothesized that two enzymes involved in the hyaluronan metabolism, namely, hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2) and hyaluronidase 1 (HYAL1) are associated with brain metastases formation. METHODS: Protein expression levels of hyaluronan, HAS2, and HYAL1 were analyzed in primary breast cancer, and metastatic tissue samples from different localizations (brain, bone, skin, liver, and lung) were included in four different cohorts by immunohistochemistry...
February 6, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166932/hyaluronan-mediates-the-adhesion-of-porcine-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-to-poly-i-c-treated-intestinal-cells-and-modulates-their-cytokine-production
#14
María José Docampo, Jennifer Cabrera, Anna Bassols
Hyaluronan (HA), a major component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), has been increasingly recognized as a regulator of inflammation. Its role is complex since it has pro- and anti-inflammatory actions by modulating the expression of inflammatory genes, the recruitment of inflammatory cells and the production of inflammatory cytokines, but also by attenuating the course of inflammation and providing protection against tissue damage. Certain viruses and other inflammatory stimuli induce organization of HA into cable-like structures, which may be responsible for leukocyte recruitment and, on the other hand, low molecular weight fragments of HA have been shown to activate various inflammatory responses...
February 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140522/hybrid-extracellular-matrix-design-for-cartilage-mediated-bone-regeneration
#15
Paiyz E Mikael, Hyun S Kim, Syam P Nukavarapu
Recapitulating long bone repair through endochondral ossification (EO) is increasingly becoming a more popular approach. A successful EO Process depends greatly on the establishment of a healthy hypertrophic-cartilage template (HCT). The aim of this work is to design a hydrogel system, which closely mimics the extracellular matrix of HCT. We examined the combinatorial effect of two commonly used hydrogels for bone and cartilage regeneration strategies, hyaluronan (HA) and fibrin (FB), to induce HCT formation...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125209/dual-functional-hydrazide-reactive-and-anhydride-containing-oligomeric-hydrogel-building-blocks
#16
Christian Kascholke, Tina Loth, Caroline Kohn-Polster, Stephanie Möller, Peter Bellstedt, Michaela Schulz-Siegmund, Matthias Schnabelrauch, Michael C Hacker
Biomimetic hydrogels are advanced biomaterials that have been developed following different synthetic routes. Covalent postfabrication functionalization is a promising strategy to achieve efficient matrix modification decoupled of general material properties. To this end, dual-functional macromers were synthesized by free radical polymerization of maleic anhydride with diacetone acrylamide (N-(1,1-dimethyl-3-oxobutyl)acrylamide) and pentaerythritol diacrylate monostearate. Amphiphilic oligomers (Mn < 7.5 kDa) with anhydride contents of 7-20% offered cross-linking reactivity to yield rigid hydrogels with gelatinous peptides (E = 4-13 kPa) and good cell adhesion properties...
March 13, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123575/anti-tumor-and-anti-invasion-effects-of-a-combination-of-4-methylumbelliferone-and-ionizing-radiation-in-human-fibrosarcoma-cells
#17
Ryo Saga, Satoru Monzen, Mitsuru Chiba, Hironori Yoshino, Toshiya Nakamura, Yoichiro Hosokawa
Hyaluronan (HA) is a major component of the extracellular matrix that is synthesized in excess in cancer tissues. 4-methylumbelliferone (MU) inhibits the synthesis of HA and is closely related to the invasion and metastasis of cancer. However, the effects of MU in conjunction with cancer radiotherapy remain unknown. The present study assessed the anti-tumor and anti-invasion effects of the concomitant use of ionizing radiation (IR) and 100 µM MU on human fibrosarcoma HT1080 cells. Cell viability and cellular invasion potency assays were performed...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110937/adult-human-retinal-m%C3%A3-ller-glia-display-distinct-peripheral-and-macular-expression-of-cd117-and-cd44-stem-cell-associated-proteins
#18
Lay Khoon Too, Gary Gracie, Enisa Hasic, Julia H Iwakura, Svetlana Cherepanoff
Experimental evidence suggests human Müller glia exhibit neural progenitor properties in vitro. CD117 and CD44 are known to be expressed by stem cells, the survival of which appears to depend critically on interactions with hyaluronan-rich extracellular matrix (ECM). Here, we characterise Müller glia expression of CD117 and CD44 in normal adult human retina and describe how it correlates with hyaluronan distribution in ocular ECM. By using chromogen-based immunohistochemistry, CD117 expression was found in entire Müller glia cytoplasm spanning from inner to outer limiting membrane in both peripheral retina (PR) and macular retina (MR), mirroring expression of the established Müller glia marker vimentin...
March 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109952/ha-metabolism-in-skin-homeostasis-and-inflammatory-disease
#19
REVIEW
Rafaela-Maria Kavasi, Aikaterini Berdiaki, Ioanna Spyridaki, Emanuela Corsini, Aristidis Tsatsakis, George Tzanakakis, Dragana Nikitovic
Hyaluronan (HA), an unsulfated glycosaminoglycan, is an important component of the complex extracellular matrix network which surrounds and supports cells in tissues. HA is detected in all vertebrate tissues, but the bulk of HA is produced and deposited in the skin. In this review we focus on the role of HA in skin-associated inflammatory disease and wound healing. Properties of HA are directly dependent on its molecular weight. Thus, high molecular weight HA (HMWHA) is deposited in normal tissues during homeostasis and promotes their stability whereas low molecular weight HA fragments (LMWHA), on the other hand, may arise from enzymatic or chemical activities...
March 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107185/hyaluronan-synthase-3-mediated-oncogenic-action-through-forming-inter-regulation-loop-with-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-in-oral-cancer
#20
Yi-Zih Kuo, Wei-Yu Fang, Cheng-Chih Huang, Sen-Tien Tsai, Yi-Ching Wang, Chih-Li Yang, Li-Wha Wu
Hyaluronan (HA) is a major extracellular matrix component. However, its role and mediation in oral cancer remains elusive. Hyaluronan synthase 3 (HAS3), involved in pro-inflammatory short chain HA synthesis, was the predominant synthase in oral cancer cells and tissues. HAS3 overexpression significantly increased oral cancer cell migration, invasion and xenograft tumorigenesis accompanied with the increased expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1). Conversely, HAS3 depletion abrogated HAS3-mediated stimulation...
January 17, 2017: Oncotarget
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