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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549793/clinical-residual-symptomatology-and-associated-factors-in-multiple-organ-failure-survivors-a-long-term-mortgage
#1
S Rodríguez-Villar, J L Rodríguez-García, J Arévalo-Serrano, M Sánchez-Casado, H Fletcher
PURPOSE: To evaluate which clinical residual symptoms, multiorgan failure (MOF) patients may exhibit following discharge from intensive care unit (ICU) and to identify the associated factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 545 consecutively admitted adult patients with MOF on admission were included in the study. Patients were assesed by a survey 6 and 12 months after discharge from a medical-surgical ICU in Spain. A telephone survey was conducted concerning the clinical symptoms of their stay in ICU...
May 23, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548585/dietary-assesment-of-free-living-elderly-spanish-people-with-disabilities
#2
M Lozano, J M Ramada, J Peiró, A Frígola, M J Esteve
Nutritional research in elderly disabled is difficult in noninstitutionalized people. The dietary intake of a noninstitutionalized disabled population of the eastern region of Spain was evaluated to detect possible nutritional deviations. A total of 329 participants aged 65 and over were recruited. Most participants were overweight. Carbohydrates did not reach 50% of total Kcal/day. Insufficient micronutrient intakes and high consumption of simple carbohydrates and saturated fats (SFA) were found. A decreasing trend of water intake (p < ...
May 26, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520420/local-descriptors-of-dynamic-and-nondynamic-correlation
#3
Eloy Ramos-Cordoba, Eduard Matito
Quantitatively accurate electronic structure calculations rely on the proper description of electron correlation. A judicious choice of the approximate quantum chemistry method depends upon the importance of dynamic and nondynamic correlation, which is usually assesed by scalar measures. Existing measures of electron correlation do not consider separately the regions of the Cartesian space where dynamic or nondynamic correlation are most important. We introduce real-space descriptors of dynamic and nondynamic electron correlation that admit orbital decomposition...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505220/multicenter-evaluation-of-the-bruker-maldi-biotyper-ca-system-for-the-identification-of-clinically-important-bacteria-and-yeasts
#4
Deborah A Wilson, Stephen Young, Karen Timm, Susan Novak-Weekley, Elizabeth M Marlowe, Neil Madisen, Jennifer L Lillie, Nathan A Ledeboer, Rebecca Smith, Josh Hyke, Christen Griego-Fullbright, Patricia Jim, Paul A Granato, Matthew L Faron, Joven Cumpio, Blake W Buchan, Gary W Procop
Objectives: A report on the multicenter evaluation of the Bruker MALDI Biotyper CA System (MBT-CA; Bruker Daltonics, Billerica, MA) for the identification of clinically important bacteria and yeasts. Methods: In total, 4,399 isolates of medically important bacteria and yeasts were assessed in the MBT-CA. These included 2,262 aerobic gram-positive (AGP) bacteria, 792 aerobic gram-negative (AGN) bacteria 530 anaerobic (AnA) bacteria, and 815 yeasts (YSTs). Three processing methods were assesed...
May 13, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485286/assesment-effectiveness-of-treatment-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-using-pneumatic-inhaler-amsa
#5
Iwona Zając-Ratajczak, Agata Szkiełkowska, Karina Wilhelmsen
INTRODUCTION: Upper respiratory tract infections are common childhood diseases. Children are more susceptible to middle ear infections because their Eustachian tube is short, straight and wide. As a consequence of these inflammatory changes while impaired patency of the Eustachian tube often arises conductive hearing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to Assessment effectiveness of treatment Eustachian tube dysfunction using inhaler AMSA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 30 patients...
November 20, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482366/agreement-and-reliability-of-fasted-and-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-derived-indices-of-insulin-sensitivity-and-beta-cell-function-in-boys
#6
Emma Joanne Cockcroft, Craig Anthony Williams, Sarah Rebecca Jackman, Neil Armstrong, Alan R Barker
Assessment of plasma insulin and glucose outcomes is important in paediatric studies aimed at reducing future risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The aims of this study are to determine the between-method agreement and the day-to-day reliability of fasting and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-derived estimates of insulin sensitivity and β-cell function in healthy boys. Fasting and OGTT assesments of insulin resistance and β-cell function were performed on 28 boys (12.3±2.9 years). Measurements were repeated after 1 week (fasting, n=28) and 1 day (OGTT, n=8)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433235/-stone-free-rate-assesment-after-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-using-nephrolitometric-nomogram
#7
Jason Damián Landa-Salas, Juan Ramón Torres-Anguiano, Efraín Maldonado-Alcaraz, Virgilio Augusto Lopez-Samano, Eduardo Alonso Serrano-Brambila, Jorge Moreno-Palacios
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy remains the standard of care for kidney stones larger than 2cm. Therefore, setting a prognosis for complete stone resolution through this method is essential. The prognostic tools available have limited prediction. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the stone-free rate in patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy with the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society nomogram and suggest modifications to improve the classification...
April 19, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422798/anterior-versus-posterior-thoracic-discectomy-a-systematic-review
#8
Eoghan T Hurley, Andrew B Maye, Marcus Timlin, Frank G Lyons
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic literature review OBJECTIVE.: To systematically review the current evidence in the literature on thoracic discectomies, to compare the clinical outcomes and to determine whether there is evidence to support the use of either the anterior or posterior approach. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Thoracic disc herniations often present with myelopathy, radiculopathy or a combination of both. The posterior approach for thoracic discectomy has been associated with a lower complication rate, but no systematic exists comparing the clinical outcomes...
April 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419643/post-lunch-triglyceridaemia-associates-with-hdlc-and-insulin-resistance-in-fasting-normotriglyceridaemic-menopausal-women
#9
A Sanz-Paris, A Rodriguez-Valle, M A Navarro, J Puzo-Foncillas, J M Arbones-Mainar
OBJECTIVES: Post-prandial hypertriglyceridaemia (P-HTG) is associated with cardiovascular disease. This association is of paramount importance during menopause, which is also related to reduced high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDLc) and elevated triglyceride (TG) levels. We aimed to provide a self-assesing tool to screen for P-HTG in menopausal women who were normotriglyceridaemic at fasting and adhered to a Mediterranean-style eating pattern. METHODS: We performed oral fat loading tests (OFLT) in combination with self-measurements of diurnal capillary TG at fixed time-points (DC-TG) in 29 healthy menopausal women...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388918/tea-camellia-sinensis-infusions-ameliorate-cancer-in-4ti-metastatic-breast-cancer-model
#10
Karori S Mbuthia, Paul O Mireji, Raphael M Ngure, Francesca Stomeo, Martina Kyallo, Chalo Muoki, Francis N Wachira
BACKGROUND: Tea (Camellia sinensis) infusions are widely consumed beverages with numerous health benefits. However, physiological and molecular responses mediating these activities are poorly understood. METHOD: Three replicates of 4TI cancer cell suspension (2.0 × 10(5) cells/ml) were challenged in vitro with various concentrations of green, black and purple tea infusions to asseses their cytoxicity and associated differentially expressed genes in the cells...
April 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325450/classification-of-nervous-system-withdrawn-and-approved-drugs-with-toxprint-features-via-machine-learning-strategies
#11
Aytun Onay, Melih Onay, Osman Abul
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Early-phase virtual screening of candidate drug molecules plays a key role in pharmaceutical industry from data mining and machine learning to prevent adverse effects of the drugs. Computational classification methods can distinguish approved drugs from withdrawn ones. We focused on 6 data sets including maximum 110 approved and 110 withdrawn drugs for all and nervous system diseases to distinguish approved drugs from withdrawn ones. METHODS: In this study, we used support vector machines (SVMs) and ensemble methods (EMs) such as boosted and bagged trees to classify drugs into approved and withdrawn categories...
April 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314112/can-mesenchymal-stem-cells-pretreated-with-platelet-rich-plasma-modulate-tissue-remodeling-in-a-rat-burn
#12
Hanan Hosni, Laila A Rashed, Soheir Mahfouz, Rania Elsayed Hussein, Marwa Alkaffas, Shaimaa Mostafa, Azza Abusree
AIM: To study the effect of PRP on BM-MSCs proliferation and to investigate their role on healing of experimental burn injury and possible mechanism of action. METHOD: Our work divided into in vitro and in vivo studies. In vitro study included,: MSCs and MSCs treated with PRP. TGF-β level and cell proliferation were assesed. In vivo study, 72 rats divided equally into 6 groups: control, burn, burn with MSCs, burn with PRP, burn with both MSCs and PRP and burn with MSCs pretreated with PRP...
March 17, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298577/trauma-imaging-a-literature-review
#13
Jason Heath Vela, Christopher Ira Wertz, Kimberly L Onstott, Joss R Wertz
PURPOSE: To inform radiologic technologists about which imaging modalities and examinations are best suited for evaluating specific anatomical structures in patients who have sustained a traumatic injury. METHODS: Two scholarly research databases were searched to identify articles focused on trauma imaging of the head, cervical spine, thorax, abdomen, and pelvis. Articles focused on trauma diagnosis were excluded. Thirty-two articles were selected for analysis. DISCUSSION: Physical examination and plain-film radiographs typically are used to assess nasal bone fracures...
January 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290728/diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-the-elderly-standard-treatment-and-new-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
Annalisa Chiappella, Alessia Castellino, Maura Nicolosi, Elisa Santambrogio, Umberto Vitolo
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common histotype in non Hodgkin lymphoma, with a peak incidence in the sixth decade. The standard treatment for elderly FIT DLBCL patients is Rituximab-CHOP; in unfit and frail patients, chemotherapy at reduced intensity should be considered. Areas covered: In this article, we will review use of standard therapies and new drugs investigated such as immonomudulating agents (IMiDs), Bruton Tyrosine Kinase (BTK), in fit, unfit, frail and very elderly DLCBL patients...
April 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258427/environmental-behavior-of-sulfadiazine-sulfamethazine-and-their-metabolites
#15
Martina Biošić, Marija Mitrevski, Sandra Babić
Sulfonamides are one of the most frequently used antibiotics worldwide. Therefore, processes that determine their fate in the environment are of great interest. In the present work, biodegradation as biotic process and hydrolysis and photolysis as abiotic processes were investigated. In biodegradation experiments, it was found out that sulfonamides (sulfadiazine and sulfamethazine) and their N (4)-acetylated metabolites were not readily biodegradable. The results showed that decrease of concentrations were in the range from 4% for sulfadiazine to 22% for N (4)-acetylsulfamethazine...
March 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230069/consistent-role-of-quaternary-climate-change-in-shaping-current-plant-functional-diversity-patterns-across-european-plant-orders
#16
Alejandro Ordonez, Jens-Christian Svenning
Current and historical environmental conditions are known to determine jointly contemporary species distributions and richness patterns. However, whether historical dynamics in species distributions and richness translate to functional diversity patterns remains, for the most part, unknown. The geographic patterns of plant functional space size (richness) and packing (dispersion) for six widely distributed orders of European angiosperms were estimated using atlas distribution data and trait information. Then the relative importance of late-Quaternary glacial-interglacial climate change and contemporary environmental factors (climate, productivity, and topography) as determinants of functional diversity of evaluated orders was assesed...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219801/ala-photodynamic-treatment-in-lichen-sclerosus-clinical-and-immunological-outcome-focusing-on-the-assesment-of-anti-nuclear-antibodies
#17
Anita Olejek, Iwona Gabriel, Anna Bilska-Janosik, Iwona Kozak-Darmas, Aleksandra Kawczyk-Krupka
BACKGROUND: Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a difficult to treat, often relapsing disease with unknown background. An autoimmune diseases coexist with LS. Over recent years photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been shown to be noninvasive and successful therapeutic approach for the effective treatment many conditions. However, the change of immune status of the patients based on ANA antibodies has not been yet reported. Our aim was to observe the clinical response followed by possible changes in autoimmune antibodies levels before and after PDT...
February 17, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188757/cognitive-effects-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-men-with-advanced-prostate-cancer
#18
Bulent Gunlusoy, Yasin Ceylan, Aslı Koskderelioglu, Muhtesem Gedizlioglu, Tansu Degirmenci, Pınar Ortan, Zafer Kozacioglu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prostate cancer effects of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) by using a systematic set of methods to calculate specific cognitive functions in men with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From April 2014 to February 2016, a prospective, comparative study was done to evaluate the cognitive effects of hormone therapy. Group 1 consisted of 78 patients with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer who received complete ADT treatment continuously for 12 months and group 2 (control group) consisted of 78 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy without any additional treatment...
February 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169819/-study-of-two-indicators-of-difficulty-in-initiating-maternal-breastfeeding-maternal-fatigue-and-suboptimal-infant-breastfeeding-behaviour
#19
Latifa Saidi, Pierre Godbout
The problems with setting up breastfeading are common and are associated with a heightened risk of weening. The main motives brought up by the mothers for early weening were fatigue and the suboptimal infant breastfeeding behaviour (SIBB). The goal of this study is to describe the fatigue levels of breastfeading women who gave birth to healthy full term babies in a hospital setting and the SIBB. This study also examines the relation between these two variables. This descriptive correlational and cross-sectional study was conducted with breasfeeding women who gave birth to healthy, full term, single babies at the CHU in Moncton between June and September 2013...
2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133531/in-vitro-assesment-of-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-coumarin-and-indonesian-cassia-extract-in-raw264-7-murine-macrophage-cell-line
#20
Ni Made Dwi Sandhiutami, Moordiani Moordiani, Dian Ratih Laksmitawati, Nurul Fauziah, Maesaroh Maesaroh, Wahyu Widowati
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation is an immune response toward injuries. Although inflammation is healing response, but in some condition it will lead to chronic disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's and various cancer. Indonesian cassia (Cinnamomum burmannil C. Nees & T. Ness) known to contain coumarin, is widely used for alternative medicine especially as an anti-inflammatory. This study was conducted to determine the anti-inflammatory properties of coumarin and Indonesian cassia extract (ICE) in LPS-induced RAW264...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
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