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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895371/rotational-mal-alignment-after-reamed-intramedullary-nailing-for-tibial-shaft-fracture
#1
Sher Baz Khan, Yasir Mohib, Rizwan Haroon Rashid, Haroonur Rashid
Intra-medullary (IM) nailing is standard of care for unstable tibial shaft fractures. Malrotation is very common but it is under-recognised, inpart because of variation in normal anatomy and partly due to difficulty in accurately assessing rotation. This study was planned to evaluate the frequency of rotational mal-alignment after reamed tibia IMnailing. This cross-sectional study was conducted at Aga khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised patients with tibia shaft fractures managed with IMnailing from January to December 2014...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862395/the-nuclear-and-developmental-competence-of-cumulus-oocyte-complexes-is-enhanced-by-three-dimensional-coculture-with-conspecific-denuded-oocytes-during-in-vitro-maturation-in-the-domestic-cat-model
#2
M G Morselli, G C Luvoni, P Comizzoli
The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy of coculture with conspecific cumulus-denuded oocytes (CDOs) during in vitro maturation in a three-dimensional system of barium alginate microcapsules on the in vitro embryo development of domestic cat cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs). In Experiment I, COCs were cocultured with conspecific CDOs or cultured separately in a 3D system for 24 hr of in vitro maturation, before assessing the meiotic progression. In Experiment II, the in vitro fertilization of COCs and CDOs was carried out with chilled epididymal spermatozoa and the presumptive zygotes were cultured in vitro separately for 7 days in 3D microcapsules before assesment of embryonic development...
November 15, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814573/assessment-of-hypoxia-and-tnf-alpha%C3%A2-response-by-a-vector-with-hre-and-nf-kappab-response-elements
#3
Zhilin Chen, Ashley L Eadie, Sean R Hall, Laurel Ballantyne, David Ademidun, M Yat Tse, Stephen C Pang, Luis G Melo, Christopher A Ward, Keith R Brunt
Hypoxia and inflammatory cytokine activation (H&I) are common processes in many acute and chronic diseases. Thus, a single vector that responds to both hypoxia and inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, is useful for assesing the severity of such diseases. Adaptation to hypoxia is regulated primarily by hypoxia inducible transcription factor (HIF alpha) nuclear proteins that engage genes containing a hypoxia response element (HRE). Inflammation activates a multitude of cytokines, including TNF-alpha, that invariably modulate activation of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) transcription factor...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790892/-new-biomarkers-for-assesing-alcohol-consumption
#4
Rachel Aakerøy, Ragnhild Bergene Skråstad, Arne Helland, Thor Hilberg, Trond Aamo, Roar Dyrkorn, Olav Spigset
Alcohol abuse has significant medical, social and socioeconomic consequences. Alcohol biomarkers may serve as a useful tool in identifying individuals with excessive alcohol consumption in medical as well as medico-legal contexts.
October 2016: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787650/the-relationship-between-the-level-of-lesion-and-progression-in-reimer-s-index-of-spina-bifida-patients
#5
Huseyin Gunay, Murat Celal Sozbilen, Mahmut Altınisik, Ismail Eralp Kacmaz, Elcil Kaya Bicer
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the influence of the lesion level and acetabular displasia on the progression of hip dislocation in patients with spina bifida. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Two hundred twelve hips of 106 cases with spina bifida were evaluated both clinically and radiologically. Their vertebral level of lesions, clinical examinations, radiological migration index, and acetabulum terms were noted and were evaluated in terms of their relations with the level of lesion-migration and dysplasia...
October 27, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764900/evaluation-of-long-term-neurodevelopment-in-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-after-laser-therapy
#6
Nicolas Sananès, Victor Gabriele, Anne Sophie Weingertner, Rodrigo Ruano, Magdalena Sanz-Cortes, Adrien Gaudineau, Bruno Langer, Israël Nisand, Chérif Youssef Akladios, Romain Favre
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of our study was to evaluate the long-term neurodevelopment outcome after laser surgery for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). The secondary objective was to identify perinatal prognostic factors associated with neurodevelopmental impairment. METHOD: This was a single-center cohort prospective study carried out in pregnancies complicated by TTTS and treated by laser. Neurodevleopmental assesment included the administration of Ages and Stages Questionnaires® (ASQ), for the infants between 2 and 5 years of age...
October 20, 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746359/role-of-non-mulberry-silk-fibroin-in-deposition-and-regulation-of-extracellular-matrix-towards-accelerated-wound-healing
#7
Dimple Chouhan, Bijayshree Chakraborty, Samit K Nandi, Biman B Mandal
: Bombyx mori silk fibroin (BMSF) as biopolymer has been extensively explored in wound healing applications. However, limited study is available on the potential of silk fibroin (SF) from non-mulberry (Antheraea assama and Philosamia ricini) silk variety. Herein, we have developed non-mulberry SF (NMSF) based electrospun mats functionalized with epidermal growth factor (EGF) and ciprofloxacin HCl as potential wound dressing. The NMSF based mats exhibited essential properties of wound dressing like biocompatibility, high water retention capacity (440%), water vapor transmission rate (∼2330gm(-2)day(-1)), high elasticity (∼2...
October 13, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738396/assesment-of-perinatal-mortality-in-two-different-periods-results-of-a-single-center
#8
Serdar Sadık Duran, Sultan Kavuncuoğlu, Ferhat Sarı, Esin Yıldız Aldemir, Nazlı Kavçık, Ferhat Demir
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the perinatal mortality rate with 37 864 deliveries which occured in two different periods in a single center, to compare the components of perinatal mortality and affecting factors with the results of the study related with perinatal mortality which we conducted in 1999 and to emphasize the precautions directed to reduce mortality rates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All live births and stillbirths which occurred in Bakırköy Obstetrics and Pediatrics Training and Research Hospital between January 2007 and December 2007 were evaluated...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732698/the-epidemiology-and-clinicopathological-features-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-in-patients-80-years-and-older-a-systematic-review
#9
Satish F K Lubeek, Lieke J van Vugt, Katja K H Aben, Peter C M van de Kerkhof, Marie-Jeanne P Gerritsen
Importance: The number of very elderly (≥80 years) is rapidly growing worldwide. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) are common in this age group and treatment is often challenging in this population. Objective: Obtaining an overview of the epidemiology and clinicopathological features of BCC in the very elderly to guide clinicians and policy makers. Evidence Review: A systematic review of literature was performed using PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), and the Cochrane Library...
October 12, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727735/assesment-of-metabolic-bone-alterations-in-pre-and-post-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-positive-patients
#10
M G Gattani, A R Pazare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723593/subpixel-image-quality-assesement-syncretizing-local-subpixel-and-global-pixel-features
#11
Jin Zeng, Lu Fang, Jiahao Pang, Houqiang Li, Feng Wu
Subpixel rendering technology increases the apparent resolution of an LCD/OLED screen by exploiting the physical property that a pixel is composed of RGB individually addressable subpixels. Due to the intrinsic intercoordination between apparent luminance resolution and color fringing artifact, a common method of subpixel image assessment is subjective evaluation. In this paper, we propose a unified subpixel image quality assessment metric called SubPixel image Assessment (SPA), which syncretizes local subpixel and global pixel features...
October 5, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723553/the-evaluation-of-endothelial-function-and-structure-in-hirsute-patients-in-reproductive-age
#12
Kemal Atasayan, Tevfik Yoldemir, Sedef Ramoglu, Dilek Gogas Yavuz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the endothelial function and structure in patients with hirsutism in reproductive age. STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted on 69 consecutive women admitted with complaints of hirsutism and 63 voluntary healthy women, as controls. A total of 132 subjects who applied to the Gynecology and Infertility Outpatient Clinics were included. Participants with modified Ferriman Gallway (mFG) score over 8 were considered to be hirsute. The demographic, metabolic, hormonal characteristics, risk factors of cardiovascular disease, CIMT (carotis intima media thickness) and FMD (flow-mediated dilatation) were compared between hirsute women and those in the control group...
October 3, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697451/does-being-overweight-affect-seminal-variables-in-fertile-men
#13
Emad A Taha, Sohair K Sayed, Hisham D Gaber, Hatem K Abdel Hafez, Nagwa Ghandour, Asmaa Zahran, Taymour Mostafa
The effect of being overweight on seminal variables was assesed in 165 fertile men. Participants were divided into three groups: fertile men with normal body mass index (BMI) (18.5-24.9 kg/m(2)), fertile overweight men (BMI 25-29.9 kg/m(2)) and fertile obese men (BMI >30 kg/m(2)). Medical history was taken, a clinical examination conducted. Semen analysis was undertaken and BMI measured. Seminal reactive oxygen species (ROS) was estimated by chemiluminescent assay, sperm vitality by the hypo-osmotic swelling test and sperm DNA fragmentation by propidium iodide staining with flowcytometry...
September 16, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678914/assesment-of-the-intrafascial-total-laparoscopic-histerectomy-in-the-academic-environment
#14
Alg Lobão, C M Ferruzzi, F Ohara, R F Lima, Hsa Abdalla-Ribeiro, F S Kuteken, J M Aldrighi, Paag Ribeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666150/assesment-of-severity-and-changes-in-c-reactive-protein-concentration-and-various-biomarkers-in-dogs-with-pancreatitis
#15
Toru Sato, Koichi Ohno, Takashi Tamamoto, Mariko Oishi, Hideyuki Kanemoto, Kenjiro Fukushima, Yuko Goto-Koshino, Masashi Takahashi, Hajime Tsujimoto
Canine pancreatitis is a relatively common disorder, and its mortality rate remains high. However, prognostic factors for pancreatitis based on evidence are limited. Moreover, the relationship between changes in C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration-an important prognostic factor for human patients with acute pancreatitis-and the prognosis of dogs with pancreatitis has not been widely studied. Therefore, we examined prognostic factors for canine pancreatitis during the first medical examination and evaluated the usefulness of serial CRP measurements during hospitalization...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627831/ocular-disorders-in-turkish-children-with-sensorineural-hear%C3%A4-ng-loss-a-cross-sectional-study-and-literature-review
#16
Pinar Altiaylik Ozer, Emrah Utku Kabatas, Gokce Tasdemir Ertugrul, Bengi Ece Kurtul, Umut Kaygusuz, Selmin Karatayli Ozgursoy
PURPOSE: To investigate types and frequencies of ocular disorders in children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), and to emphasize the importance of ophthalmological examination in these children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the examination records of children examined in our instutititon between January 2011 and September 2014 was performed. Ocular disorders of children with SHNL were selectively reviewed. RESULTS: Among 55340 patients, SNHL was present in 110 (0...
September 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593786/the-usefulness-of-employing-an-electronic-traction-table-to-determine-flexibility-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#17
Erman Ceyhan, Onder Murat Delialioglu, Kenan Bayrakci, Bulent Daglar, Alper Deveci, Ugur Gunel
AIM: The aim of the study was to devolop a new equipment for the assesment of the flexibility of the spine in different forces. This new system should give a different perspective to the AIS for the selection of fusion levels and surgical success. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen patients suffering from AIS who were scheduled to undergo posterior instrumented spinal fusion in our clinic were recruided in this study. The Electronic Traction Table (ETT) which was designed in our clinic was used to evaluate the radiogical and clinical parameters of the spine...
December 7, 2015: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577499/towards-a-personal-health-record-system-for-the-assesment-and-monitoring-of-sedentary-behavior-in-indoor-locations
#18
Jesus D Ceron, Diego M Lopez
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior has been associated to the development of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD), type 2 diabetes, and cancer. Accelerometers and inclinometers have been used to estimate sedentary behaviors, however a major limitation is that these devices do not provide contextual information such as the activity performed, e.g., TV viewing, sitting at work, driving, etc. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the thesis is to propose and evaluate a Personal Health Record System to support the assessment and monitoring of sedentary behaviors...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548989/-emotional-disorders-in-children-victims-of-natural-disasters
#19
REVIEW
Teresa Castaño García, Carmen Vega Díaz, José Antonio Cernuda Martínez
The effects of disasters on physical health tend to be well-known, with short, medium and long term sequelae. On the other hand, not always is have recognized in the same way the effects on mental health, despite having shown that, in situations of disaster or catastrophe there is a psychological signs of suffering increase and increases to a certain extent the psychiatric morbidity and other problem social. It is estimated that between a third and half of the exposed population, it suffers from some psychological manifestation...
June 2016: Revista de Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471918/in-hospital-contact-investigation-among-healthcare-workers-after-exposure-to-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-an-intermediate-tuberculosis-prevalence-area-a-prospective-study
#20
Youn Jeong Kim, Yoon Hee Chi, Ji Young Lee, Hyeon Jeong Lee, Ji Young Kang, Yang Ree Kim, Sang Il Kim
We carried out in-hospital contact investigations of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, and analyzed the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection(LTBI) among health care workers(HCWs) after TB exposure. A prospective study was conducted of 872 HCWs who were exposed to 55 index cases diagnosed with active pulmonary TB. HCWs after TB exposure were evaluated both TST and chest x-ray at the time of enrollment and 12 weeks after exposure, and 625(71.6%) HCWs underwent both initial assesement, and 41(6.6%) HCWs had a positive TST results...
July 29, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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