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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104396/treatment-of-maxillary-impacted-canine-using-ballista-spring-and-orthodontic-wire-traction
#1
Pradeep Raghav, Kanika Singh, C Munish Reddy, Divya Joshi, Shalu Jain
In orthodontic practice, impaction of maxillary permanent canines is a frequently encountered clinical problem. After the third molar, the canine is the most frequently impacted tooth. For functional occlusion, bringing the impacted canine into occlusion is important to achieve final esthetic in orthodontic practice. This article illustrates a distinct case in which the three permanent canines maintained their unerupted status till the age of 18 years. The three impacted canines were surgically exposed, attachment bonded, traction given with ballista spring for vertical and labial movement, and ideally positioned with fixed orthodontic mechanotherapy...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646107/become-one-with-the-force-optimising-mechanotherapy-through-an-understanding-of-mechanobiology
#2
EDITORIAL
Stuart J Warden, William R Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634452/establishing-the-basis-for-mechanobiology-based-physical-therapy-protocols-to-potentiate-cellular-healing-and-tissue-regeneration
#3
REVIEW
Joanna L Ng, Mariana E Kersh, Sharon Kilbreath, M Knothe Tate
Life is mechanobiological: mechanical stimuli play a pivotal role in the formation of structurally and functionally appropriate body templates through mechanobiologically-driven cellular and tissue re/modeling. The body responds to mechanical stimuli engendered through physical movement in an integrated fashion, internalizing and transferring forces from organ, through tissue and cellular length scales. In the context of rehabilitation and therapeutic outcomes, such mechanical stimuli are referred to as mechanotherapy...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546961/early-correction-of-unilateral-scissor-bite-using-transforce-appliance-and-modified-twin-block-appliance
#4
Harshal Chandorikar, Arun Nagrik, Wasundhara A Bhad, Santosh J Chavan, Umal H Doshi
Early treatment of scissor bite has been advocated mainly to prevent function jaw shift that can eventually lead to permanent skeletal asymmetry and temporomandibular joint pathosis. Although unilateral scissor bite is more common, most of the times, bilateral mandibular expansion is indicated. Lingual transforce appliance can be useful in such cases. This article presents a patient with unilateral scissor bite in mixed dentition with alveolar narrowing. Transforce appliance was used for scissor bite correction followed by modified twin block appliance for stabilization and settling of occlusion till the eruption of premolars...
April 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474437/clinical-efficacy-of-subgingivally-delivered-0-75-boric-acid-gel-as-an-adjunct-to-mechanotherapy-in-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Dharmendra Kanoriya, Sandeep Singhal, Vibhuti Garg, Avani R Pradeep, Shruti Garg, Amit Kumar
AIM: Borinic acid quinoline esters are a recently-identified class of new antibacterial and anti-inflammatory compounds known to inhibit osteoclastic bone resorption. They have proposed to have osteostimulative properties by causing osteoblast differentiation in vivo and in vitro. The purpose of this double-masked, randomized, controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of the subgingival delivery of boric acid gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) on clinical and radiographic parameters, and compare this method with SRP plus placebo gel alone in chronic periodontitis (CP) patients...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299350/orthodontic-management-in-aggressive-periodontitis
#6
REVIEW
Rajesh Gyawali, Bhagabat Bhattarai
Aggressive periodontitis is a type of periodontitis with early onset and rapid progression and mostly affecting young adults who occupy a large percentage of orthodontic patients. The role of the orthodontist is important in screening the disease, making a provisional diagnosis, and referring it to a periodontist for immediate treatment. The orthodontist should be aware of the disease not only before starting the appliance therapy, but also during and after the active mechanotherapy. The orthodontic treatment plan, biomechanics, and appliance system may need to be modified to deal with the teeth having reduced periodontal support...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102172/dr-j%C3%A3-zef-aleksiewicz-activity-in-support-of-the-development-of-orthopedics-and-rehabilitation-in-iwonicz-zdr%C3%A3-j-1921-1957
#7
Sławomir Jandziś, Stanisław Zaborniak
Based on source materials in the possession of Józef Aleksiewicz family (typescripts, manuscripts, photographs, other documents) and articles published in professional medical journals and newspapers, the authors present the contribution of Dr. J. Aleksiewicz to the development of orthopedics and rehabilitation in Iwonicz-Zdrój. In May 1921, he was appointed Surgeon General of the Spa Commission in Iwonicz-Zdrój. After holding several scholarly trips abroad in 1925 to sanatoriums treating cases of osteo-articular tuberculosis, he commenced the construction of "Sanato", a modern sanatorium...
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054122/-steel-or-titanium-for-osteosynthesis-a%C3%A2-mechanobiological-perspective
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M Heyland, G N Duda, S Märdian, M Schütz, M Windolf
BACKGROUND: An implant used for stabilizing a fracture creates a mechanical construct, which directly determines the biology of bone healing. The stabilization of fractures places high mechanical demands on implants and therefore steel and titanium are currently almost exclusively used as the materials of choice. OBJECTIVES: The possible range of attainable mechanobiological stimulation for mechanotherapy as a function of plate stiffness depending on the selection of the plate material and the physical and mechanical properties of the material options are discussed...
February 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909759/continuous-hydrostatic-pressure-induces-differentiation-phenomena-in-chondrocytes-mediated-by-changes-in-polycystins-sox9-and-runx2
#9
Konstantinos Karamesinis, Anastasia Spyropoulou, Georgia Dalagiorgou, Maria A Katsianou, Marjan Nokhbehsaim, Svenja Memmert, James Deschner, Heleni Vastardis, Christina Piperi
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the long-term effects of hydrostatic pressure on chondrocyte differentiation, as indicated by protein levels of transcription factors SOX9 and RUNX2, on transcriptional activity of SOX9, as determined by pSOX9 levels, and on the expression of polycystin-encoding genes Pkd1 and Pkd2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ATDC5 cells were cultured in insulin-supplemented differentiation medium (ITS) and/or exposed to 14.7 kPa of hydrostatic pressure for 12, 24, 48, and 96 h...
January 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857638/changes-in-muscle-spasticity-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-after-spinal-manipulation-case-series
#10
Oleh Kachmar, Taras Voloshyn, Mykhailo Hordiyevych
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case series was to report quantitative changes in wrist muscle spasticity in children with cerebral palsy after 1 spinal manipulation (SM) and a 2-week course of treatment. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients, aged 7 to 18 years, with spastic forms of cerebral palsy and without fixed contracture of the wrist, were evaluated before initiation of treatment, after 1 SM, and at the end of a 2-week course of treatment. Along with daily SM, the program included physical therapy, massage, reflexotherapy, extremity joint mobilization, mechanotherapy, and rehabilitation computer games for 3 to 4 hours' duration...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801408/-the-regulation-of-balance-in-the-children-presenting-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-following-the-treatment-with-the-use-of-the-locomotor-training-in-combination-with-the-electrical-stimulation-of-leg-muscles-and-spinal-cord
#11
I E Nikityuk, T R Moshonkina, Yu P Gerasimenko, S V Vissarionov, A G Baindurashvili
One of the cerebral palsy (CP) symptoms is the impairment of the ability to maintain upright standing. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the locomotor training combined with electrical transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation (TSCS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the muscles to facilitate the restoration of the vertical posture function in the children presenting with cerebral palsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This article is designed to present the results of the study that included 19 patients at the age from 6 to 12 years...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785645/effect-of-combination-of-non-invasive-spinal-cord-electrical-stimulation-and-serotonin-receptor-activation-in-patients-with-chronic-spinal-cord-lesion
#12
T R Moshonkina, E Yu Shapkova, I A Sukhotina, D V Emeljannikov, Yu P Gerasimenko
We analyzed the efficiency of percutaneous electrical stimulation of the spinal cord and serotonin receptor activation in rehabilitation of paralyzed patients. Four-week course of spinal cord electrical stimulation combined with mechanotherapy produced positive shifts in the status of chronically paralyzed patients. Serotonin receptor activation potentiated the effect of spinal cord stimulation and can be regarded as an additional neurorehabilitation option.
October 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725890/interdisciplinary-management-of-maxillary-canine-buccal-ectopia-associated-with-peg-shaped-lateral-incisor
#13
Karuna Singh Sawhny, Asheesh Sawhny
Aligning a displaced maxillary canine into the dental arch is one of the most complicated problems in orthodontics. In cases of extremely high displacement, the tooth is frequently removed surgically. Because of the upper canines' significance to dental esthetics and functional occlusion, such a decision is a very serious one. The purpose of this report is to illustrate an interdisciplinary approach involving both orthodontic management and conservative tooth restoration. The case was treated through an orthodontic nonextraction fixed appliance mechanotherapy for successful alignment of buccally ectopic upper left canine followed by a conservative direct composite tooth buildup of peg lateral incisor associated with the upper left ectopic canine in a 16-year-old adolescent North Indian female...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467123/impact-of-exercise-selection-on-hamstring-muscle-activation
#14
Matthew N Bourne, Morgan D Williams, David A Opar, Aiman Al Najjar, Graham K Kerr, Anthony J Shield
OBJECTIVE: To determine which strength training exercises selectively activate the biceps femoris long head (BFLongHead) muscle. METHODS: We recruited 24 recreationally active men for this two-part observational study. Part 1: We explored the amplitudes and the ratios of lateral (BF) to medial hamstring (MH) normalised electromyography (nEMG) during the concentric and eccentric phases of 10 common strength training exercises. Part 2: We used functional MRI (fMRI) to determine the spatial patterns of hamstring activation during two exercises which (1) most selectively and (2) least selectively activated the BF in part 1...
July 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200194/unilateral-maxillary-first-molar-extraction-in-class-ii-subdivision-an-unconventional-treatment-alternative
#15
J W Booij, Christos Livas
The asymmetrical intra-arch relationship in Class II subdivision malocclusion poses challenges in the treatment planning and mechanotherapy of such cases. This case report demonstrates a treatment technique engaging unilateral extraction of a maxillary first molar and Begg fixed appliances. The outcome stability and the enhancing effect on the eruption of the third molar in the extraction segment were confirmed by a 4-year follow-up examination.
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27041906/successful-treatment-of-class-ii-malocclusion-with-bidental-protrusion-using-standard-edgewise-prescription
#16
Mohd Ayaz, Om Prakash Kharbanda
This case report deals with the successful orthodontic treatment of a 14-year-old female patient having Class II malocclusion with bidental protrusion using standard edgewise prescription. She reported with forwardly placed upper front teeth and difficulty in closing lips. She had prognathic maxilla, retrognathic mandible, and full cusp Class II molar and canine relation bilaterally with overjet of 7 mm. She was in cervical vertebrae maturation indicator Stage IV. The case was treated by fixed extraction mechanotherapy...
January 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894003/mechanobiology-and-mechanotherapy-of-adipose-tissue-effect-of-mechanical-force-on-fat-tissue-engineering
#17
Yi Yuan, Jianhua Gao, Rei Ogawa
Our bodies are subjected to various mechanical forces, which in turn affect both the structure and function of our bodies. In particular, these mechanical forces play an important role in tissue growth and regeneration. Adipocytes and adipose-derived stem cells are both mechanosensitive and mechanoresponsive. The aim of this review is to summarize the relationship between mechanobiology and adipogenesis. PubMed was used to search for articles using the following keywords: mechanobiology, adipogenesis, adipose-derived stem cells, and cytoskeleton...
December 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26637643/understanding-mechanobiology-physical-therapists-as-a-force-in-mechanotherapy-and-musculoskeletal-regenerative-rehabilitation
#18
William R Thompson, Alexander Scott, M Terry Loghmani, Samuel R Ward, Stuart J Warden
Achieving functional restoration of diseased or injured tissues is the ultimate goal of both regenerative medicine approaches and physical therapy interventions. Proper integration and healing of the surrogate cells, tissues, or organs introduced using regenerative medicine techniques are often dependent on the co-introduction of therapeutic physical stimuli. Thus, regenerative rehabilitation represents a collaborative approach whereby rehabilitation specialists, basic scientists, physicians, and surgeons work closely to enhance tissue restoration by creating tailored rehabilitation treatments...
April 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612525/shock-wave-as-biological-therapeutic-tool-from-mechanical-stimulation-to-recovery-and-healing-through-mechanotransduction
#19
REVIEW
M C d'Agostino, K Craig, E Tibalt, S Respizzi
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) is a form of "mechanotherapy", that, from its original applications as urological lithotripsy, gained the field of musculo-skeletal diseases as Orthotripsy (mainly tendinopaties and bone regenerative disorders) and Regenerative Medicine as well. The mechanisms of action of Shock Waves (SW), when applied in non-urological indications, are not related to the direct mechanical effect, but to the different pathways of biological reactions, that derive from that acoustic stimulations, through "mechano-transduction"...
December 2015: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26464533/evaluation-of-nickel-and-chromium-ion-release-during-fixed-orthodontic-treatment-using-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometer-an-in-vivo-study
#20
Rabindra S Nayak, Bharti Khanna, Azam Pasha, K Vinay, Anjali Narayan, K Chaitra
BACKGROUND: Fixed orthodontic appliances with the use of stainless steel brackets and archwires made of nitinol have a corrosive potential in the oral environment. Nickel and chromium ions released from these appliances act as allergens apart from being cytotoxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic in smaller quantities in the range of nanograms. This study was done to evaluate the release of nickel and chromium ions from orthodontic appliances in the oral cavity using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS)...
August 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
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