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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909759/continuous-hydrostatic-pressure-induces-differentiation-phenomena-in-chondrocytes-mediated-by-changes-in-polycystins-sox9-and-runx2
#1
Konstantinos Karamesinis, Anastasia Spyropoulou, Georgia Dalagiorgou, Maria A Katsianou, Marjan Nokhbehsaim, Svenja Memmert, James Deschner, Heleni Vastardis, Christina Piperi
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the long-term effects of hydrostatic pressure on chondrocyte differentiation, as indicated by protein levels of transcription factors SOX9 and RUNX2, on transcriptional activity of SOX9, as determined by pSOX9 levels, and on the expression of polycystin-encoding genes Pkd1 and Pkd2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ATDC5 cells were cultured in insulin-supplemented differentiation medium (ITS) and/or exposed to 14.7 kPa of hydrostatic pressure for 12, 24, 48, and 96 h...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857638/changes-in-muscle-spasticity-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-after-spinal-manipulation-case-series
#2
Oleh Kachmar, Taras Voloshyn, Mykhailo Hordiyevych
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case series was to report quantitative changes in wrist muscle spasticity in children with cerebral palsy after 1 spinal manipulation (SM) and a 2-week course of treatment. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients, aged 7 to 18 years, with spastic forms of cerebral palsy and without fixed contracture of the wrist, were evaluated before initiation of treatment, after 1 SM, and at the end of a 2-week course of treatment. Along with daily SM, the program included physical therapy, massage, reflexotherapy, extremity joint mobilization, mechanotherapy, and rehabilitation computer games for 3 to 4 hours' duration...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801408/-the-regulation-of-balance-in-the-children-presenting-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-following-the-treatment-with-the-use-of-the-locomotor-training-in-combination-with-the-electrical-stimulation-of-leg-muscles-and-spinal-cord
#3
I E Nikityuk, T R Moshonkina, Yu P Gerasimenko, S V Vissarionov, A G Baindurashvili
: One of the cerebral palsy (CP) symptoms is the impairment of the ability to maintain upright standing. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the locomotor training combined with electrical transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation (TSCS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the muscles to facilitate the restoration of the vertical posture function in the children presenting with cerebral palsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This article is designed to present the results of the study that included 19 patients at the age from 6 to 12 years...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785645/effect-of-combination-of-non-invasive-spinal-cord-electrical-stimulation-and-serotonin-receptor-activation-in-patients-with-chronic-spinal-cord-lesion
#4
T R Moshonkina, E Yu Shapkova, I A Sukhotina, D V Emeljannikov, Yu P Gerasimenko
We analyzed the efficiency of percutaneous electrical stimulation of the spinal cord and serotonin receptor activation in rehabilitation of paralyzed patients. Four-week course of spinal cord electrical stimulation combined with mechanotherapy produced positive shifts in the status of chronically paralyzed patients. Serotonin receptor activation potentiated the effect of spinal cord stimulation and can be regarded as an additional neurorehabilitation option.
October 26, 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725890/interdisciplinary-management-of-maxillary-canine-buccal-ectopia-associated-with-peg-shaped-lateral-incisor
#5
Karuna Singh Sawhny, Asheesh Sawhny
Aligning a displaced maxillary canine into the dental arch is one of the most complicated problems in orthodontics. In cases of extremely high displacement, the tooth is frequently removed surgically. Because of the upper canines' significance to dental esthetics and functional occlusion, such a decision is a very serious one. The purpose of this report is to illustrate an interdisciplinary approach involving both orthodontic management and conservative tooth restoration. The case was treated through an orthodontic nonextraction fixed appliance mechanotherapy for successful alignment of buccally ectopic upper left canine followed by a conservative direct composite tooth buildup of peg lateral incisor associated with the upper left ectopic canine in a 16-year-old adolescent North Indian female...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467123/impact-of-exercise-selection-on-hamstring-muscle-activation
#6
Matthew N Bourne, Morgan D Williams, David A Opar, Aiman Al Najjar, Graham K Kerr, Anthony J Shield
OBJECTIVE: To determine which strength training exercises selectively activate the biceps femoris long head (BFLongHead) muscle. METHODS: We recruited 24 recreationally active men for this two-part observational study. Part 1: We explored the amplitudes and the ratios of lateral (BF) to medial hamstring (MH) normalised electromyography (nEMG) during the concentric and eccentric phases of 10 common strength training exercises. Part 2: We used functional MRI (fMRI) to determine the spatial patterns of hamstring activation during two exercises which (1) most selectively and (2) least selectively activated the BF in part 1...
May 13, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200194/unilateral-maxillary-first-molar-extraction-in-class-ii-subdivision-an-unconventional-treatment-alternative
#7
J W Booij, Christos Livas
The asymmetrical intra-arch relationship in Class II subdivision malocclusion poses challenges in the treatment planning and mechanotherapy of such cases. This case report demonstrates a treatment technique engaging unilateral extraction of a maxillary first molar and Begg fixed appliances. The outcome stability and the enhancing effect on the eruption of the third molar in the extraction segment were confirmed by a 4-year follow-up examination.
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27041906/successful-treatment-of-class-ii-malocclusion-with-bidental-protrusion-using-standard-edgewise-prescription
#8
Mohd Ayaz, Om Prakash Kharbanda
This case report deals with the successful orthodontic treatment of a 14-year-old female patient having Class II malocclusion with bidental protrusion using standard edgewise prescription. She reported with forwardly placed upper front teeth and difficulty in closing lips. She had prognathic maxilla, retrognathic mandible, and full cusp Class II molar and canine relation bilaterally with overjet of 7 mm. She was in cervical vertebrae maturation indicator Stage IV. The case was treated by fixed extraction mechanotherapy...
January 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894003/mechanobiology-and-mechanotherapy-of-adipose-tissue-effect-of-mechanical-force-on-fat-tissue-engineering
#9
Yi Yuan, Jianhua Gao, Rei Ogawa
Our bodies are subjected to various mechanical forces, which in turn affect both the structure and function of our bodies. In particular, these mechanical forces play an important role in tissue growth and regeneration. Adipocytes and adipose-derived stem cells are both mechanosensitive and mechanoresponsive. The aim of this review is to summarize the relationship between mechanobiology and adipogenesis. PubMed was used to search for articles using the following keywords: mechanobiology, adipogenesis, adipose-derived stem cells, and cytoskeleton...
December 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26637643/understanding-mechanobiology-physical-therapists-as-a-force-in-mechanotherapy-and-musculoskeletal-regenerative-rehabilitation
#10
William R Thompson, Alexander Scott, M Terry Loghmani, Samuel R Ward, Stuart J Warden
Achieving functional restoration of diseased or injured tissues is the ultimate goal of both regenerative medicine approaches and physical therapy interventions. Proper integration and healing of the surrogate cells, tissues, or organs introduced using regenerative medicine techniques are often dependent on the co-introduction of therapeutic physical stimuli. Thus, regenerative rehabilitation represents a collaborative approach whereby rehabilitation specialists, basic scientists, physicians, and surgeons work closely to enhance tissue restoration by creating tailored rehabilitation treatments...
April 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612525/shock-wave-as-biological-therapeutic-tool-from-mechanical-stimulation-to-recovery-and-healing-through-mechanotransduction
#11
REVIEW
M C d'Agostino, K Craig, E Tibalt, S Respizzi
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) is a form of "mechanotherapy", that, from its original applications as urological lithotripsy, gained the field of musculo-skeletal diseases as Orthotripsy (mainly tendinopaties and bone regenerative disorders) and Regenerative Medicine as well. The mechanisms of action of Shock Waves (SW), when applied in non-urological indications, are not related to the direct mechanical effect, but to the different pathways of biological reactions, that derive from that acoustic stimulations, through "mechano-transduction"...
December 2015: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26464533/evaluation-of-nickel-and-chromium-ion-release-during-fixed-orthodontic-treatment-using-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometer-an-in-vivo-study
#12
Rabindra S Nayak, Bharti Khanna, Azam Pasha, K Vinay, Anjali Narayan, K Chaitra
BACKGROUND: Fixed orthodontic appliances with the use of stainless steel brackets and archwires made of nitinol have a corrosive potential in the oral environment. Nickel and chromium ions released from these appliances act as allergens apart from being cytotoxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic in smaller quantities in the range of nanograms. This study was done to evaluate the release of nickel and chromium ions from orthodontic appliances in the oral cavity using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS)...
August 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26442334/-development-of-an-automated-device-for-knee-joint-mechanotherapy
#13
S M Yatsun, A N Rukavitsyn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Meditsinskaia Tekhnika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26435628/comparison-of-frictional-forces-generated-by-a-new-ceramic-bracket-with-the-conventional-brackets-using-unconventional-and-conventional-ligation-system-and-the-self-ligating-brackets-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Azam Pasha, Swati Vishwakarma, Anjali Narayan, K Vinay, Smitha V Shetty, Partha Pratim Roy
BACKGROUND: Fixed orthodontic mechanotherapy is associated with friction between the bracket - wire - ligature interfaces during the sliding mechanics. A sound knowledge of the various factors affecting the magnitude of friction is of paramount importance. The present study was done to analyze and compare the frictional forces generated by a new ceramic (Clarity Advanced) bracket with the conventional, (metal and ceramic) brackets using unconventional and conventional ligation system, and the self-ligating (metal and ceramic) brackets in the dry condition...
September 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26285335/-the-role-of-evidence-based-medicine-in-the-neurorehabilitation-the-innovative-technologies-a-review
#15
REVIEW
I V Sidyakina, O R Dobrushina, K V Lyadov, T V Shapovalenko, O V Romashin
The present review is focused on the randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses in the field of technological means for neurorehabilitation. The available literature data and the results of original observations provide a basis for distinguishing between the following levels of evidence: instrumental verticalization--2a, robot-assisted mechanotherapy--1a, biological feedback--1a, virtual reality--1a, transcranial magnetic stimulation--1a for central hemiparesis and 1b for speech disturbance and unilateral spatial agnosia, transcranial electrical stimulation--2b, electromyostimulation--1a, telerehabilitation--3...
May 2015: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26231817/surgical-treatment-of-impacted-canines-what-the-orthodontist-would-like-the-surgeon-to-know
#16
REVIEW
Adrian Becker, Stella Chaushu
When an impacted permanent maxillary canine has been diagnosed, the general practitioner or pediatric dentist thinks in terms of surgery and orthodontics, usually in that order. If there is an existing malocclusion that requires orthodontic treatment, a full orthodontic appraisal is needed for planning the overall mechanotherapy. The orthodontist will undertake a clinical examination. When all the information is collated, a treatment plan will be formulated to resolve the overall malocclusion, which may lead to a decision to extract permanent teeth...
August 2015: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26219153/the-extraction-of-maxillary-lateral-incisors-for-the-treatment-of-a-class-ii-crowded-malocclusion-a-case-report
#17
Heemanshu R Dave, Vilas D Samrit, Om Prakash Kharbanda
BACKGROUND: The extraction of an upper lateral incisor for orthodontic purposes is rare and must be adequately justified. AIM: The present case report describes the management of a skeletal Class II crowded malocclusion that was facilitated by the extraction of upper lateral incisors and lower first premolars. METHODS: A 14-year-old male patient presented with a skeletal Class II crowded malocclusion with associated speech and chewing difficulties...
May 2015: Australian Orthodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26097371/management-of-class-ii-malocclusion-with-ectopic-maxillary-canines
#18
Rohan Mascarenhas, Shahista Parveen, Tariq Aziz Ansari
Correction of Class II relationship, deep bite and ectopically erupting canines is an orthodontic challenge for the clinician. A 13-year-old male patient presented with Class II malocclusion, ectopically erupting canines, and cross bite with maxillary left lateral incisor. He was treated with a combination of Headgear, Forsus™ fatigue resistant device [FFRD] with fixed mechanotherapy for the management of space deficiency and correction of Class II malocclusions. Headgear was used to distalize upper first molars and also to prevent further downward and forward growth of the maxilla...
April 2015: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25855114/class-iii-subdivision-malocclusion-with-unilateral-posterior-crossbite
#19
R Suresh
This article describes the management of class III subdivision malocclusion with unilateral left side posterior crossbite in an adolescent girl, using rapid palatal expansion followed by extraction of four premolars with comprehensive fixed appliance mechanotherapy.
July 2014: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25807162/-load-me-up-scotty-mechanotherapy-for-plantar-fasciopathy-formerly-known-as-plantar-fasciitis
#20
EDITORIAL
M S Rathleff, K Thorborg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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