Read by QxMD icon Read


Karuna Singh Sawhny, Asheesh Sawhny
Aligning a displaced maxillary canine into the dental arch is one of the most complicated problems in orthodontics. In cases of extremely high displacement, the tooth is frequently removed surgically. Because of the upper canines' significance to dental esthetics and functional occlusion, such a decision is a very serious one. The purpose of this report is to illustrate an interdisciplinary approach involving both orthodontic management and conservative tooth restoration. The case was treated through an orthodontic nonextraction fixed appliance mechanotherapy for successful alignment of buccally ectopic upper left canine followed by a conservative direct composite tooth buildup of peg lateral incisor associated with the upper left ectopic canine in a 16-year-old adolescent North Indian female...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Matthew N Bourne, Morgan D Williams, David A Opar, Aiman Al Najjar, Graham K Kerr, Anthony J Shield
OBJECTIVE: To determine which strength training exercises selectively activate the biceps femoris long head (BFLongHead) muscle. METHODS: We recruited 24 recreationally active men for this two-part observational study. Part 1: We explored the amplitudes and the ratios of lateral (BF) to medial hamstring (MH) normalised electromyography (nEMG) during the concentric and eccentric phases of 10 common strength training exercises. Part 2: We used functional MRI (fMRI) to determine the spatial patterns of hamstring activation during two exercises which (1) most selectively and (2) least selectively activated the BF in part 1...
May 13, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
J W Booij, Christos Livas
The asymmetrical intra-arch relationship in Class II subdivision malocclusion poses challenges in the treatment planning and mechanotherapy of such cases. This case report demonstrates a treatment technique engaging unilateral extraction of a maxillary first molar and Begg fixed appliances. The outcome stability and the enhancing effect on the eruption of the third molar in the extraction segment were confirmed by a 4-year follow-up examination.
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Mohd Ayaz, Om Prakash Kharbanda
This case report deals with the successful orthodontic treatment of a 14-year-old female patient having Class II malocclusion with bidental protrusion using standard edgewise prescription. She reported with forwardly placed upper front teeth and difficulty in closing lips. She had prognathic maxilla, retrognathic mandible, and full cusp Class II molar and canine relation bilaterally with overjet of 7 mm. She was in cervical vertebrae maturation indicator Stage IV. The case was treated by fixed extraction mechanotherapy...
January 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Yi Yuan, Jianhua Gao, Rei Ogawa
Our bodies are subjected to various mechanical forces, which in turn affect both the structure and function of our bodies. In particular, these mechanical forces play an important role in tissue growth and regeneration. Adipocytes and adipose-derived stem cells are both mechanosensitive and mechanoresponsive. The aim of this review is to summarize the relationship between mechanobiology and adipogenesis. PubMed was used to search for articles using the following keywords: mechanobiology, adipogenesis, adipose-derived stem cells, and cytoskeleton...
December 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
William R Thompson, Alexander Scott, M Terry Loghmani, Samuel R Ward, Stuart J Warden
Achieving functional restoration of diseased or injured tissues is the ultimate goal of both regenerative medicine approaches and physical therapy interventions. Proper integration and healing of the surrogate cells, tissues, or organs introduced using regenerative medicine techniques are often dependent on the co-introduction of therapeutic physical stimuli. Thus, regenerative rehabilitation represents a collaborative approach whereby rehabilitation specialists, basic scientists, physicians, and surgeons work closely to enhance tissue restoration by creating tailored rehabilitation treatments...
April 2016: Physical Therapy
M C d'Agostino, K Craig, E Tibalt, S Respizzi
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) is a form of "mechanotherapy", that, from its original applications as urological lithotripsy, gained the field of musculo-skeletal diseases as Orthotripsy (mainly tendinopaties and bone regenerative disorders) and Regenerative Medicine as well. The mechanisms of action of Shock Waves (SW), when applied in non-urological indications, are not related to the direct mechanical effect, but to the different pathways of biological reactions, that derive from that acoustic stimulations, through "mechano-transduction"...
December 2015: International Journal of Surgery
Rabindra S Nayak, Bharti Khanna, Azam Pasha, K Vinay, Anjali Narayan, K Chaitra
BACKGROUND: Fixed orthodontic appliances with the use of stainless steel brackets and archwires made of nitinol have a corrosive potential in the oral environment. Nickel and chromium ions released from these appliances act as allergens apart from being cytotoxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic in smaller quantities in the range of nanograms. This study was done to evaluate the release of nickel and chromium ions from orthodontic appliances in the oral cavity using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS)...
August 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
S M Yatsun, A N Rukavitsyn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Meditsinskaia Tekhnika
Azam Pasha, Swati Vishwakarma, Anjali Narayan, K Vinay, Smitha V Shetty, Partha Pratim Roy
BACKGROUND: Fixed orthodontic mechanotherapy is associated with friction between the bracket - wire - ligature interfaces during the sliding mechanics. A sound knowledge of the various factors affecting the magnitude of friction is of paramount importance. The present study was done to analyze and compare the frictional forces generated by a new ceramic (Clarity Advanced) bracket with the conventional, (metal and ceramic) brackets using unconventional and conventional ligation system, and the self-ligating (metal and ceramic) brackets in the dry condition...
September 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
I V Sidyakina, O R Dobrushina, K V Lyadov, T V Shapovalenko, O V Romashin
The present review is focused on the randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses in the field of technological means for neurorehabilitation. The available literature data and the results of original observations provide a basis for distinguishing between the following levels of evidence: instrumental verticalization--2a, robot-assisted mechanotherapy--1a, biological feedback--1a, virtual reality--1a, transcranial magnetic stimulation--1a for central hemiparesis and 1b for speech disturbance and unilateral spatial agnosia, transcranial electrical stimulation--2b, electromyostimulation--1a, telerehabilitation--3...
May 2015: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Adrian Becker, Stella Chaushu
When an impacted permanent maxillary canine has been diagnosed, the general practitioner or pediatric dentist thinks in terms of surgery and orthodontics, usually in that order. If there is an existing malocclusion that requires orthodontic treatment, a full orthodontic appraisal is needed for planning the overall mechanotherapy. The orthodontist will undertake a clinical examination. When all the information is collated, a treatment plan will be formulated to resolve the overall malocclusion, which may lead to a decision to extract permanent teeth...
August 2015: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Heemanshu R Dave, Vilas D Samrit, Om Prakash Kharbanda
BACKGROUND: The extraction of an upper lateral incisor for orthodontic purposes is rare and must be adequately justified. AIM: The present case report describes the management of a skeletal Class II crowded malocclusion that was facilitated by the extraction of upper lateral incisors and lower first premolars. METHODS: A 14-year-old male patient presented with a skeletal Class II crowded malocclusion with associated speech and chewing difficulties...
May 2015: Australian Orthodontic Journal
Rohan Mascarenhas, Shahista Parveen, Tariq Aziz Ansari
Correction of Class II relationship, deep bite and ectopically erupting canines is an orthodontic challenge for the clinician. A 13-year-old male patient presented with Class II malocclusion, ectopically erupting canines, and cross bite with maxillary left lateral incisor. He was treated with a combination of Headgear, Forsus™ fatigue resistant device [FFRD] with fixed mechanotherapy for the management of space deficiency and correction of Class II malocclusions. Headgear was used to distalize upper first molars and also to prevent further downward and forward growth of the maxilla...
April 2015: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
R Suresh
This article describes the management of class III subdivision malocclusion with unilateral left side posterior crossbite in an adolescent girl, using rapid palatal expansion followed by extraction of four premolars with comprehensive fixed appliance mechanotherapy.
July 2014: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
M S Rathleff, K Thorborg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
S Gopikrishnan, Anil Melath, V V Ajith, N Binoy Mathews
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic wires are the corner stones of the science and art of orthodontics and they remain in the patient's mouth for a prolonged period of 18-24 months. It is but natural to expect that they will undergo some biodegradation when in the oral environment during that period. This study aims to compare the biodegradation characteristics of four different orthodontic wires, stainless steel, nickel titanium (NiTi), titanium molybdenum alloy (TMA), and copper NiTi and to assess whether these biodegradation products, are within acceptable limits...
January 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
Ivor M D'Souza, H C Kiran Kumar, K Sadashiva Shetty
INTRODUCTION: Transverse deficiency of the maxilla is a common clinical problem in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics. Transverse maxillary deficiency, isolated or associated with other dentofacial deformities, results in esthetic and functional impairment giving rise to several clinical manifestations such as asymmetrical facial growth, positional and functional mandibular deviations, altered dentofacial esthetics, adverse periodontal responses, unstable dental tipping, and other functional problems...
January 2015: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Mukesh Kumar, Manish Goyal, Pragati Navit, Abhishek Narayan
In Class II, Division I malocclusion is a common problem often associated with mal-relationship of dental bases and mal-alignment of dentition. The approaches to treat Class II, Division I malocclusion include growth modulation, dental camouflage and surgical orthodontics. A 16-year-old female patient with Class II, Division I malocclusion associated with excessive over jet, deep bite, and retrognathic mandible reported to the Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Center and Hospital, Moradabad...
November 2014: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"