keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stroke neurorehabilitation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722777/nurses-and-nurse-assistants-beliefs-attitudes-and-actions-related-to-role-and-function-in-an-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation-unit-a-qualitative-study
#1
Mia Ingerslev Loft, Ingrid Poulsen, Bente Appel Esbensen, Helle Klingenberg Iversen, Lone Lunbak Mathiesen, Bente Martinsen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To explore nurses' and nurse assistants' beliefs, attitudes, and actions related to their function in an inpatient stroke rehabilitation unit. BACKGROUND: Several attempts have been made to describe nurses' roles and functions in inpatient neurorehabilitation. However, current understandings of the contributions that nurses and nurse assistants make to neurorehabilitation remain sparse. DESIGN: Descriptive, interpretive qualitative study...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721533/minimum-norm-estimation-of-motor-representations-in-navigated-tms-mappings
#2
Minna Pitkänen, Elisa Kallioniemi, Petro Julkunen, Maria Nazarova, Jaakko O Nieminen, Risto J Ilmoniemi
Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) can be applied to locate and outline cortical motor representations. This may be important, e.g., when planning neurosurgery or focused nTMS therapy, or when assessing plastic changes during neurorehabilitation. Conventionally, a cortical location is considered to belong to the motor cortex if the maximum electric field (E-field) targeted there evokes a motor-evoked potential in a muscle. However, the cortex is affected by a broad E-field distribution, which tends to broaden estimates of representation areas by stimulating also the neighboring areas in addition to the maximum E-field location...
July 18, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697709/standardized-measurement-of-sensorimotor-recovery-in-stroke-trials-consensus-based-core-recommendations-from-the-stroke-recovery-and-rehabilitation-roundtable
#3
Gert Kwakkel, Natasha A Lannin, Karen Borschmann, Coralie English, Myzoon Ali, Leonid Churilov, Gustavo Saposnik, Carolee Winstein, Erwin Eh van Wegen, Steven L Wolf, John W Krakauer, Julie Bernhardt
Finding, testing and demonstrating efficacy of new treatments for stroke recovery is a multifaceted challenge. We believe that to advance the field, neurorehabilitation trials need a conceptually rigorous starting framework. An essential first step is to agree on definitions of sensorimotor recovery and on measures consistent with these definitions. Such standardization would allow pooling of participant data across studies and institutions aiding meta-analyses of completed trials, more detailed exploration of recovery profiles of our patients and the generation of new hypotheses...
July 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689476/the-role-of-music-therapy-in-rehabilitation-improving-aphasia-and-beyond
#4
Simona Leonardi, Alberto Cacciola, Rosaria De Luca, Bianca Aragona, Veronica Andronaco, Demetrio Milardi, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Music is part of the human nature, and it is also philogenically relevant to language evolution. Language and music are bound together in the enhancement of important social functions, such as communication, cooperation and social cohesion. In the last few years, there has been growing evidence that music and music therapy may improve communication skills (but not only) in different neurological disorders. One of the plausible reasons concerning the rational use of sound and music in neurorehabilitation is the possibility to stimulate brain areas involved in emotional processing and motor control, such as the fronto-parietal network...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681346/rehabilitation-and-the-neural-network-after-stroke
#5
REVIEW
Norihito Shimamura, Takeshi Katagai, Kiyohide Kakuta, Naoya Matsuda, Kosuke Katayama, Nozomi Fujiwara, Yuuka Watanabe, Masato Naraoka, Hiroki Ohkuma
Stroke remains a major cause of disability throughout the world: paralysis, cognitive impairment, aphasia, and so on. Surgical or medical intervention is curative in only a small number of cases. Nearly all stroke cases require rehabilitation. Neurorehabilitation generally improves patient outcome, but it sometimes has no effect or even a mal-influence. The aim of this review is the clarification of the mechanisms of neurorehabilitation. We systematically reviewed recently published articles on neural network remodeling, especially from 2014 to 2016...
July 5, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676142/the-italian-real-life-post-stroke-spasticity-survey-unmet-needs-in-the-management-of-spasticity-with-botulinum-toxin-type-a
#6
A Picelli, A Baricich, C Cisari, Stefano Paolucci, Nicola Smania, Giorgio Sandrini
The present national survey seeking to identify unmet needs in the management of spasticity with botulinum toxin type A focused on the use of OnabotulinumoxinA, since this is the brand with the widest range of licensed indications in Italy. Physicians from twenty-four Italian neurorehabilitation units compiled a questionnaire about "real-life" post-stroke spasticity management. OnabotulinumtoxinA was reported to be used in the following average doses: upper limb 316.7 ± 79.1 units; lower limb 327.8 ± 152...
April 2017: Functional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665373/-functional-neuroimaging-of-the-brain-structures-associated-with-language-in-healthy-individuals-and-patients-with-post-stroke-aphasia
#7
V V Alferova, L A Mayorova, E G Ivanova, A B Guekht, V M Shklovskij
The introduction of non-invasive functional neuroimaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), in the practice of scientific and clinical research can increase our knowledge about the organization of cognitive processes, including language, in normal and reorganization of these cognitive functions in post-stroke aphasia. The article discusses the results of fMRI studies of functional organization of the cortex of a healthy adult's brain in the processing of various voice information as well as the main types of speech reorganization after post-stroke aphasia in different stroke periods...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659855/upper-extremity-motor-impairments-and-microstructural-changes-in-bulbospinal-pathways-in-chronic-hemiparetic-stroke
#8
Meriel Owen, Carson Ingo, Julius P A Dewald
Following hemiparetic stroke, precise, individuated control of single joints is often replaced by highly stereotyped patterns of multi-joint movement, or abnormal limb synergies, which can negatively impact functional use of the paretic arm. One hypothesis for the expression of these synergies is an increased dependence on bulbospinal pathways such as the rubrospinal (RubST) tract and especially the reticulospinal (RetST) tracts, which co-activate multiple muscles of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, and fingers...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656344/-the-importance-of-neuronal-networks-for-motor-rehabilitation-after-a-stroke
#9
REVIEW
F C Hummel
Every year in Europe 1.5 million patients suffer a new stroke. Despite the further developments in acute therapy with nationwide stroke units, thrombolysis, thrombectomy and post-acute neurorehabilitation, only a small proportion of patients recover to a satisfactory degree allowing them to return to their normal social and professional life. This makes stroke the main cause of long-term disability with a corresponding impact on patient lives, socioeconomics and the healthcare system. Thus, the concepts of neurorehabilitation have to be extended to enhance the effects of rehabilitative treatment strategies...
June 27, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638025/-music-therapy-as-an-effective-method-of-neurorehabilitation
#10
E Z Yakupov, A V Nalbat, M V Semenova, K A Tlegenova
AIM: To assess the role of music therapy in the recovery of motor, speech and autonomic functions in patients with ischemic stroke (II). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with II in the middle cerebral artery were examined. The patients were randomized into three groups (main, comparison and control) of 15 individuals each. With patients of the first and the second groups on the 3rd, 5th, 7th and 9th days of the rehabilitation period the special set of exercises with music and without that respectively was fulfilled...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637814/effective-assessments-of-electroencephalography-during-stroke-recovery-contemporary-approaches-and-considerations
#11
Kartik K Iyer
Stroke is one of the leading causes of permanent disability worldwide, relying conventionally on extended periods of physiotherapy to recover functional ability. While neuroimaging techniques and emerging neurorehabilitation paradigms have advanced our understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms underlying stroke, recent evidence has renewed focus on quantifying cortical features of electroencephalography to greatly enhance our understanding of stroke recovery. This Neuro Forum article reviews these key advances and discusses the importance of quantifying electroencephalography in future assessments of stroke survivors...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637152/how-physical-therapists-instruct-patients-with-stroke-an-observational-study-on-attentional-focus-during-gait-rehabilitation-after-stroke
#12
Elmar Kal, Henrieke van den Brink, Han Houdijk, John van der Kamp, Paulien Helena Goossens, Coen van Bennekom, Erik Scherder
PURPOSE: People without neurological impairments show superior motor learning when they focus on movement effects (external focus) rather than on movement execution itself (internal focus). Despite its potential for neurorehabilitation, it remains unclear to what extent external focus strategies are currently incorporated in rehabilitation post-stroke. Therefore, we observed how physical therapists use attentional focus when treating gait of rehabilitating patients with stroke. METHODS: Twenty physical therapist-patient couples from six rehabilitation centers participated...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628593/consideration-of-dose-and-timing-when-applying-interventions-after-stroke-and-spinal-cord-injury
#13
D Michele Basso, Catherine E Lang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nearly 4 decades of investigation into the plasticity of the nervous system suggest that both timing and dose could matter. This article provides a synopsis of our lectures at the IV STEP meeting, which presented a perspective of current data on the issues of timing and dose for adult stroke and spinal cord injury motor rehabilitation. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: For stroke, the prevailing evidence suggests that greater amounts of therapy do not result in better outcomes for upper extremity interventions, regardless of timing...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624820/an-elevated-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-level-is-associated-with-unfavorable-functional-outcomes-of-small-artery-occlusion-in-patients-without-diabetes
#14
Yuan Gao, Ji Liu, Wanjun Wang, Chunlin Gao, Changshen Yu, Shoufeng Liu, Jialing Wu
BACKGROUND: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is associated with a risk of causing diabetes mellitus and ischemic stroke. However, the association between hs-CRP levels and functional outcome after small-artery occlusion (SAO) is unknown. METHODS: Data for 836 patients diagnosed with SAO were collected from the Department of Neurorehabilitation of Huanhu Hospital. Hs-CRP values were classified according to quartiles (<0.67, 0.67 to <1.46, 1.46 to <3...
June 17, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613178/biomechanical-reactions-of-exoskeleton-neurorehabilitation-robots-in-spastic-elbows-and-wrists
#15
Hyung Seok Nam, Sukgyu Koh, Yoon Jae Kim, Jaewon Beom, Woo Hyung Lee, Shi-Uk Lee, Sungwan Kim
Spasticity is an important factor in designing wearable and lightweight exoskeleton neurorehabilitation robots. The proposed study evaluates biomechanical reactions of an exoskeleton robot to spasticity and establishes relevant guidelines for robot design. A two-axis exoskeleton robot is used to evaluate a group of 20 patients post-stroke with spastic elbow and/or wrist joints. All subjects are given isokinetic movements at various angular velocities within the capable range of motion for both joints. The resistance torque and corresponding angular position at each joint are recorded continuously...
June 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606179/modifying-upper-limb-inter-joint-coordination-in-healthy-subjects-by-training-with-a-robotic-exoskeleton
#16
Tommaso Proietti, Emmanuel Guigon, Agnès Roby-Brami, Nathanaël Jarrassé
BACKGROUND: The possibility to modify the usually pathological patterns of coordination of the upper-limb in stroke survivors remains a central issue and an open question for neurorehabilitation. Despite robot-led physical training could potentially improve the motor recovery of hemiparetic patients, most of the state-of-the-art studies addressing motor control learning, with artificial virtual force fields, only focused on the end-effector kinematic adaptation, by using planar devices...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605738/spatial-neglect-predicts-upper-limb-use-in-the-activities-of-daily-living
#17
Tim Vanbellingen, Beatrice Ottiger, Noortje Maaijwee, Tobias Pflugshaupt, Stephan Bohlhalter, René M Müri, Tobias Nef, Dario Cazzoli, Thomas Nyffeler
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Motor tests performed at stroke onset have been shown to predict the recovery of upper limb motor impairment. Less is known about upper limb recovery at the level of functional activity or of participation and how spatial neglect may influence the integration of the upper limb in the activities of daily living (ADL). Our objective was to investigate whether the initial severity of spatial neglect may predict upper limb use in ADL. METHODS: Eighty-two patients with a right-hemispheric stroke (RHS) were prospectively included in the study...
June 13, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592282/the-role-of-virtual-reality-in-improving-motor-performance-as-revealed-by-eeg-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Margherita Russo, Antonino Leo, Rosaria De Luca, Tina Balletta, Antonio Buda, Gianluca La Rosa, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti
BACKGROUND: Many studies have demonstrated the usefulness of repetitive task practice by using robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) devices, including Lokomat, for the treatment of lower limb paresis. Virtual reality (VR) has proved to be a valuable tool to improve neurorehabilitation training. The aim of our pilot randomized clinical trial was to understand the neurophysiological basis of motor function recovery induced by the association between RAGT (by using Lokomat device) and VR (an animated avatar in a 2D VR) by studying electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillations...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556875/nonpharmacological-treatments-for-post-stroke-depression-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#19
Niloufar Niakosari Hadidi, Roberta L Huna Wagner, Ruth Lindquist
Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death and the number one cause of long-term disability. Seventy-five percent of annual stroke victims are older than 65. Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common consequence of stroke, with the estimated prevalence ranging from 25% to 79%. Although several studies have investigated the impact of pharmacological interventions on PSD, there is a significant gap in knowledge regarding the efficacy of nonpharmacological measures for treatment of PSD. The purpose of the current integrative literature review was to synthesize the state of knowledge on selected nonpharmacological treatments for PSD and present findings regarding the efficacy of investigated treatments...
May 30, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553117/robot-assisted-gait-training-for-stroke-patients-current-state-of-the-art-and-perspectives-of-robotics
#20
REVIEW
Giovanni Morone, Stefano Paolucci, Andrea Cherubini, Domenico De Angelis, Vincenzo Venturiero, Paola Coiro, Marco Iosa
In this review, we give a brief outline of robot-mediated gait training for stroke patients, as an important emerging field in rehabilitation. Technological innovations are allowing rehabilitation to move toward more integrated processes, with improved efficiency and less long-term impairments. In particular, robot-mediated neurorehabilitation is a rapidly advancing field, which uses robotic systems to define new methods for treating neurological injuries, especially stroke. The use of robots in gait training can enhance rehabilitation, but it needs to be used according to well-defined neuroscientific principles...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
keyword
keyword
36674
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"