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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928080/burden-of-diarrhea-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#1
Ibrahim Khalil, Danny V Colombara, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Christopher Troeger, Farah Daoud, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Puja C Rao, Ashkan Afshin, Raghid Charara, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Foad Abd-Allah, Remon Abu-Elyazeed, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali Shafqat Akanda, Nadia Akseer, Khurshid Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Raghib Ali, Mohammad A AlMazroa, Mahmoud A Alomari, Rajaa Mohammad Salem Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Shirina Alsowaidi, Khalid A Altirkawi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Walid Ammar, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Jawad Asghar, Suleman Atique, Ashish Awasthi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Tolesa Bekele, Isabela M Bensenor, Balem Demtsu Betsu, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Zahid A Butt, Hadi Danawi, Manisha Dubey, Aman Yesuf Endries, Imad D A Faghmous, Talha Farid, Maryam S Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Joseph Robert Anderson Fitchett, Katherine B Gibney, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Harish Chander Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L Harb, Mohammad T Hedayati, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Mehdi Javanbakht, Tariku Jibat, Jost B Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Saleh Khader, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer Khoja, Yohannes Kinfu, Niranjan Kissoon, Ai Koyanagi, Aparna Lal, Asma Abdul Abdul Latif, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Reza Malekzadeh, Alem Mehari, Alemayehu B Mekonnen, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Ziad A Memish, Walter Mendoza, Awoke Misganaw, Layla Abdalla Ibrahim Mohamed, Jean B Nachega, Quyen Le Nguyen, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, James A Platts-Mills, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Saleem M Rana, Chhabi L Ranabhat, Sowmya R Rao, Amany H Refaat, Mark Riddle, Gholamreza Roshandel, George Mugambage Ruhago, Muhammad Muhammad Saleh, Juan R Sanabria, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Karen Sliwa, Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Bryan L Sykes, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Abdullah S Terkawi, Kingsley Ukwaja, Olalekan A Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mamo Wubshet, Muluken A Yenesew, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z Younis, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Abdullah A Al Rabeeah, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad
Diarrheal diseases (DD) are leading causes of disease burden, death, and disability, especially in children in low-income settings. DD can also impact a child's potential livelihood through stunted physical growth, cognitive impairment, and other sequelae. As part of the Global Burden of Disease Study, we estimated DD burden, and the burden attributable to specific risk factors and particular etiologies, in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2013. For both sexes and all ages, we calculated disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), which are the sum of years of life lost and years lived with disability...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872774/pulmonary-kaposi-sarcoma-an-uncommon-cause-of-respiratory-failure-in-the-era-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Stanley M Nwabudike, Stefan Hemmings, Yonette Paul, Yordanis Habtegebriel, Octavius Polk, Alem Mehari
Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) is the most common malignancy associated with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and is caused by Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV 8) or Kaposi Sarcoma Herpesvirus (KSHV). In about 90% of cases Kaposi Sarcoma is associated with cutaneous lesions; however visceral disease can occur in the absence of cutaneous involvement. In the era of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), the incidence of KS has declined. Clinical features of pulmonary KS might be difficult to distinguish from pneumonia in the immunocompromised patients and could lead to diagnostic challenges...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773982/review-hemodynamic-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-sickle-cell-disease-associated-pulmonary-hypertension
#3
REVIEW
Alem Mehari, Alvin V Thomas, Alicia N Thomas, Mark S Johnson
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a leading cause of morbidity and early mortality in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD). However, the prevalence, hemodynamic profile and prognosis of SCD-PH remain controversial and need frequent updates. Pulmonary hypertension determined by right heart catheterization (RHC) occurs in 6% to 10% of adults with SCD. Hemodynamically, SCD-PH may be pre-capillary or post-capillary in nature. The exact etiology is unknown and often multifactorial; hence a thorough diagnostic evaluation following established PH guidelines is essential to determine disease prevalence, etiology and outcomes...
October 20, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568068/health-in-times-of-uncertainty-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#4
Ali H Mokdad, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Farah Daoud, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ibrahim Khalil, Ashkan Afshin, Marwa Tuffaha, Raghid Charara, Ryan M Barber, Joseph Wagner, Kelly Cercy, Hannah Kravitz, Matthew M Coates, Margaret Robinson, Kara Estep, Caitlyn Steiner, Sara Jaber, Ali A Mokdad, Kevin F O'Rourke, Adrienne Chew, Pauline Kim, Mohamed Magdy Abd El Razek, Safa Abdalla, Foad Abd-Allah, Jerry P Abraham, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Abdulwahab A Al-Nehmi, Ali S Akanda, Hanan Al Ahmadi, Mazin J Al Khabouri, Faris H Al Lami, Zulfa A Al Rayess, Deena Alasfoor, Fadia S AlBuhairan, Saleh F Aldhahri, Suliman Alghnam, Samia Alhabib, Nawal Al-Hamad, Raghib Ali, Syed Danish Ali, Mohammad Alkhateeb, Mohammad A AlMazroa, Mahmoud A Alomari, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Shirina Alsowaidi, Mohamed Al-Thani, Khalid A Altirkawi, Azmeraw T Amare, Heresh Amini, Walid Ammar, Palwasha Anwari, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Asghar, Ali M Assabri, Reza Assadi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Talal Bakfalouni, Mohammed O Basulaiman, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Neeraj Bedi, Amit R Bhakta, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Soufiane Boufous, Rupert R A Bourne, Hadi Danawi, Jai Das, Amare Deribew, Eric L Ding, Adnan M Durrani, Yousef Elshrek, Mohamed E Ibrahim, Babak Eshrati, Alireza Esteghamati, Imad A D Faghmous, Farshad Farzadfar, Andrea B Feigl, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Irina Filip, Florian Fischer, Fortuné G Gankpé, Ibrahim Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Rahul Gupta, Rami M Habash, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Randah R Hamadeh, Hayet Hamdouni, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L Harb, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Mohammad T Hedayati, Pouria Heydarpour, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Vivekanand Jha, Jost B Jonas, Nadim E Karam, Amir Kasaeian, Nega Assefa Kassa, Anil Kaul, Yousef Khader, Shams Eldin A Khalifa, Ejaz A Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Khoja, Ardeshir Khosravi, Yohannes Kinfu, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Arjun Lakshmana Balaji, Raimundas Lunevicius, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Reza Malekzadeh, Morteza Mansourian, Wagner Marcenes, Habibolah Masoudi Farid, Alem Mehari, Abla Mehio-Sibai, Ziad A Memish, George A Mensah, Karzan A Mohammad, Ziad Nahas, Jamal T Nasher, Haseeb Nawaz, Chakib Nejjari, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Saad B Omer, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Emmanuel K Peprah, Aslam Pervaiz, Farshad Pourmalek, Dima M Qato, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Radfar, Anwar Rafay, Kazem Rahimi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh K Rai, Saleem M Rana, Sowmya R Rao, Amany H Refaat, Serge Resnikoff, Gholamreza Roshandel, Georges Saade, Mohammad Y Saeedi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Shadi Saleh, Lidia Sanchez-Riera, Maheswar Satpathy, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Amira Shaheen, Saeid Shahraz, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Kawkab Shishani, Karen Sliwa, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Abdullah S Terkawi, Olalekan A Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mustafa Z Younis, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Faiez Zannad, Gregory A Roth, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Abdullah A Al Rabeeah, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray
BACKGROUND: The eastern Mediterranean region is comprised of 22 countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Since our Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010), the region has faced unrest as a result of revolutions, wars, and the so-called Arab uprisings. The objective of this study was to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the eastern Mediterranean region as of 2013...
October 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103771/incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-new-onset-supraventricular-arrhythmias-in-african-american-patients-with-severe-sepsis
#5
O'Dene Lewis, Julius Ngwa, Richard F Gillum, Alicia Thomas, Wayne Davis, Vishal Poddar, George R Adams, Alvin Jr Thomas, Alem Mehari
PURPOSE: New onset supraventricular arrhythmias (SVA) are commonly reported in mixed intensive care settings. We sought to determine the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of new onset SVA in African American (AA) patients with severe sepsis admitted to medical intensive care unit (MICU). METHODS: Patients admitted to MICU between January 2012 through December 2012 were studied. Patients with a previous history of arrhythmia or with new onset of ventricular arrhythmia were excluded...
April 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26896883/smokeless-tobacco-use-and-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-in-men-in-a-national-survey
#6
Alem Mehari, Chad Hines, R F Gillum
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is an important risk for asthma and increases asthma severity. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is used as a noninvasive biomarker of eosinophilic airway inflammation. Substantial numbers of men use smokeless tobacco. The effect of use of smokeless tobacco on FeNO is not known. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between use of smokeless tobacco and FeNO among US men. METHODS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012 was analyzed to assess association of use of smokeless tobacco and FeNO levels in parts per billion in US men...
April 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26836905/chronic-pulmonary-complications-of-sickle-cell-disease
#7
REVIEW
Alem Mehari, Elizabeth S Klings
Sickle cell disease (SCD), the most common genetic hemolytic anemia worldwide, affects 250,000 births annually. In the United States, SCD affects approximately 100,000 individuals, most of African descent. Hemoglobin S (HbS) results from a glutamate-to-valine mutation of the sixth codon of the β-hemoglobin allele; the homozygous genotype (HbSS) is associated with the most prevalent and severe form of the disease. Other SCD genotypes include HbSC, composed of one HbS allele and one HbC (glutamate-to-lysine mutation) allele; and HbS-β-thalassemia(0) or HbS-β-thalassemia(+), composed of one HbS allele and one β-thalassemia allele with absent or reduced β-chain production, respectively...
May 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26570704/1043-shock-index-as-a-predictor-of-icu-transfer-in-patients-admitted-to-the-medical-ward-with-sepsis
#8
Isaac Biney, Raka Amin, Alem Mehari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26522254/does-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-vary-by-foreign-born-status-and-years-of-us-residence
#9
LETTER
Richard F Gillum, Yewande Odeyemi, Chad Hines, Alem Mehari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26488406/obesity-and-pulmonary-function-in-african-americans
#10
Alem Mehari, Samina Afreen, Julius Ngwa, Rosanna Setse, Alicia N Thomas, Vishal Poddar, Wayne Davis, Octavius D Polk, Sheik Hassan, Alvin V Thomas
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence in United States (US) adults exceeds 30% with highest prevalence being among blacks. Obesity is known to have significant effects on respiratory function and obese patients commonly report respiratory complaints requiring pulmonary function tests (PFTs). However, there is no large study showing the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and PFTs in healthy African Americans (AA). OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of BMI on PFTs in AA patients who did not have evidence of underlying diseases of the respiratory system...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26443435/effect-modification-by-race-ethnicity-of-environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-on-airway-inflammation-in-us-children
#11
Alem Mehari, Ngozi Enwerem, Yewande Odeyemi, Richard F Gillum
BACKGROUND: Asthma mortality and morbidity are higher in black than in white children. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is a noninvasive biomarker of eosinophilic airway inflammation. Identification of differences in the effect of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) on airway inflammation by race and ethnicity from a large sample is needed. OBJECTIVE: To estimate a racial difference in association with ETS and FeNO. METHODS: Data from the 2007 to 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed to compare associations of ETS and FeNO levels in US black and other children...
December 2015: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26094921/social-support-and-sleep-symptoms-in-u-s-adults
#12
LETTER
Clarence Glenn, Ngozi Enwerem, Yewande Odeyemi, Alem Mehari, Richard F Gillum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25704131/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-african-and-european-american-women-morbidity-mortality-and-healthcare-utilization-in-the-usa
#13
Alem Mehari, Richard F Gillum
The impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing in US women. In 2008-2010, an estimated 7.9 million US women were living with COPD. Chronic lower respiratory disease was the third leading cause of mortality in 2010 and was a major cause of morbidity. Its economic and social burden is both substantial and increasing in the USA. The annual number of COPD deaths is now higher in women than in men. In 2011, 72,584 women and 65,920 men aged 25 years and over died of COPD. The death rate in African-American women was only half compared with European-American women...
April 2015: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24991431/trends-in-pulmonary-hypertension-mortality-and-morbidity
#14
Alem Mehari, Orlando Valle, Richard F Gillum
CONTEXT: Few reports have been published regarding surveillance data for pulmonary hypertension, a debilitating and often fatal condition. AIMS: We report trends in pulmonary hypertension. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: United States of America; vital statistics, hospital data. METHODS AND MATERIAL: We used mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) for 1999-2008 and hospital discharge data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) for 1999-2009...
2014: Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24261545/gender-and-the-association-of-smoking-with-sleep-quantity-and-quality-in-american-adults
#15
Alem Mehari, Nargues A Weir, Richard F Gillum
Smoking and gender are known risk factors for sleep disorders. Studies of samples from Norway and Japan have suggested stronger associations between smoking and disrupted sleep in women; therefore, we examined, gender differences in the association in the U.S. population. We analyzed data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We examined the associations between smoking and self-reported measures of sleep disorders (i.e., snoring, short sleep, long sleep, poor sleep, and health care provider diagnosis of sleep disordered breathing) using multivariate logistic regression with odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) as measures of association...
2014: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23366482/characterizing-non-linear-dependencies-among-pairs-of-clinical-variables-and-imaging-data
#16
Jesus J Caban, Ulas Bagci, Alem Mehari, Shoaib Alam, Joseph R Fontana, Gregory J Kato, Daniel J Mollura
Advances in computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems have shown the benefits of using computer-based techniques to obtain quantitative image measurements of the extent of a particular disease. Such measurements provide more accurate information that can be used to better study the associations between anatomical changes and clinical findings. Unfortunately, even with the use of quantitative image features, the correlations between anatomical changes and clinical findings are often not apparent and definite conclusions are difficult to reach...
2012: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23348978/hemodynamic-predictors-of-mortality-in-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease
#17
Alem Mehari, Shoaib Alam, Xin Tian, Michael J Cuttica, Christopher F Barnett, George Miles, Dihua Xu, Catherine Seamon, Patricia Adams-Graves, Oswaldo L Castro, Caterina P Minniti, Vandana Sachdev, James G Taylor, Gregory J Kato, Roberto F Machado
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with early mortality, but no prior studies have evaluated quantitative relationships of mortality to physiological measures of pre- and postcapillary PH. OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors associated with mortality and to estimate the expected survival in a cohort of patients with SCD with PH documented by right heart catheterization. METHODS: Nine-year follow-up data (median, 4...
April 15, 2013: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22672746/racial-and-geographic-variation-in-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-trends
#18
Richard F Gillum, Alem Mehari, Bryan Curry, Thomas O Obisesan
BACKGROUND: Magnitudes, geographic and racial variation in trends in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality within the US require updating for health services and health disparities research. Therefore the aim of this study is to present data on these trends through 2007. METHODS: Data for CHD were analyzed using the US mortality files for 1999-2007 obtained from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Age-adjusted annual death rates were computed for non-Hispanic African Americans (AA) and European Americans (EA) aged 35-84 years...
2012: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22453563/mortality-in-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-pulmonary-hypertension
#19
Alem Mehari, Mark T Gladwin, Xin Tian, Roberto F Machado, Gregory J Kato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2012: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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