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ankle brachial index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666066/association-of-peripheral-artery-disease-with-incident-atrial-fibrillation-the-aric-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#1
Wobo Bekwelem, Faye L Norby, Sunil K Agarwal, Kunihiro Matsushita, Josef Coresh, Alvaro Alonso, Lin Y Chen
BACKGROUND: Although peripheral artery disease as defined by ankle-brachial index (ABI) is associated with incident atrial fibrillation (AF), questions remain about the risk of AF in borderline ABI (>0.90 to <1.0) or noncompressible arteries (>1.4). We evaluated the association of borderline ABI and ABI >1.4 in the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) study, a population-based prospective cohort study. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 14 794 participants (age, 54...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665536/the-effect-of-percutaneous-transluminal-angioplasty-of-superficial-femoral-artery-on-pulse-wave-features
#2
Mikko Peltokangas, Velipekka Suominen, Damir Vakhitov, Jarmo Verho, Janne Korhonen, Jukka Lekkala, Antti Vehkaoja, Niku Oksala
We aimed to analyze the effects of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) on arterial pulse waves (PWs). Altogether 24 subjects i.e. 48 lower limbs were examined including 26 treated lower limbs having abnormal ankle-to-brachial pressure index (ABI) (ABI<0.9 or ABI>1.3) and 22 non-treated lower limbs. The measurements were conducted in pre-, peri- and post-treatment phases as well as in follow-up visit after 1 month. Both ABI and toe pressures measured by standard equipment were used as reference values...
April 6, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662315/pitfalls-in-the-ankle-brachial-index-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity
#3
Dai Ato
Background: The ankle-brachial index (ABI) and pulse wave velocity (PWV) are indices of atherosclerosis and arterial stiffness. The Japan-made measuring devices of those indices have spread widely because of their convenience and the significance of the parameters. However, studies that comprehensively discuss the various pitfalls in using these indices are not available. Methods: This study presents several representative pitfalls in using the ABI and brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV) by showing the result sheets of the device, "the Vascular Profiler"...
2018: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661347/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-microvascular-and-macrovascular-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-mellitus
#4
Mei-Yueh Lee, Pi-Jung Hsiao, Jiun-Chi Huang, Wei-Hao Hsu, Szu-Chia Chen, Shyi-Jang Shin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is high. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MetS and micro- and macrovascular disease in patients with diabetes and the associated risk factors. METHODS: The study enrolled 1,986 (854 men and 1,132 women) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from outpatient clinics. MetS was defined according to the Adult Treatment Panel III for Asians...
April 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658630/lumbar-sympathectomy-versus-prostanoids-for-critical-limb-ischaemia-due-to-non-reconstructable-peripheral-arterial-disease
#5
REVIEW
Indrani Sen, Sunil Agarwal, Prathap Tharyan, Rachel Forster
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common circulatory problem that can lead to reduced blood flow to the limbs, which may result in critical limb ischaemia (CLI), a painful manifestation that occurs when a person is at rest. The mainstay of treatment for CLI is surgical or endovascular repair. However, when these means of treatment are not suitable, due to anatomical reasons or comorbidities, treatment for pain is limited. Lumbar sympathectomy and prostanoids have both been shown to reduce pain from CLI in people who suffer from non-reconstructable PAD, but there is currently insufficient evidence to determine if one treatment is superior...
April 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649953/prevalence-and-variables-associated-with-an-abnormal-ankle-brachial-index-among-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome
#6
Carlos A Hinojosa, Ana E Nunez-Salgado, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Hugo Laparra-Escareno, Laura J Ortiz-Lopez, Jaime O Herrera-Caceres, Brenda E Crabtree-Ramirez, Juan G Sierra-Madero
Objectives The longer survival of patients with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and the introduction of the highly active antiretroviral therapy have increased the number of chronic conditions; among these, cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study is to determine patient, disease, and factors associated with peripheral arterial disease in a population of patients with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Methods A prospective nested case-control study of a cohort of patients with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was conducted in a tertiary medical center in Mexico City...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627740/fatigability-and-functional-performance-among-older-adults-with-low-normal-ankle-brachial-index-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-baltimore-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#7
Pablo Martinez-Amezcua, Kunihiro Matsushita, Eleanor M Simonsick, Luigi Ferrucci, Jennifer A Schrack
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is associated with poor mobility and fatigue, but the relationship between preclinical ankle-brachial index (ABI) and early markers of fatigue and functional decline has not been defined. METHODS: 570 adults, 50 and older, from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (N = 570), with normal values of ABI (1-1.39), were classified into ABI tertiles. Perceived fatigability was assessed after a 5-min, treadmill walk (1...
March 22, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622821/the-burden-and-characteristics-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-patients-undergoing-amputation-in-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-accra-ghana
#8
Antoinette Aa Bediako-Bowan, George O Adjei, Joe N Clegg-Lamptey, Simon B Naaeder
Background: To determine the prevalence of Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) and associated risk factors in patients undergoing amputation at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH), Accra, Ghana. Objectives: A cross- sectional study of all patients undergoing lower extremity amputation at the Department of Surgery, KBTH. Materials: A coded questionnaire was used to ascertain risk factors for PAD. The Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire was used to determine symptomatic PAD and a 5 mmHz hand held Summit® Doppler together with an Accoson ® sphygmomanometer was used to determine PAD and its severity...
September 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618695/clinical-impact-of-the-ankle-brachial-index-in-patients-undergoing-successful-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#9
Seiichi Hiramori, Yoshimitsu Soga, Norihiko Kamioka, Takashi Miura, Tatsuki Doijiri, Shinichi Shirai, Kenji Ando
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported a relationship between clinical outcomes and the ankle-brachial index (ABI) in different populations. However, the relationship in Japanese patients or in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been examined well.Methods and Results:The subjects were 1,857 patients who underwent PCI from July 2007 to May 2010 and in whom the carotid and renal arteries and abdominal aorta were examined simultaneously by ultrasonography and ABI...
April 4, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617058/multicenter-randomized-controlled-observer-blinded-study-of-a-nitric-oxide-generating-treatment-in-foot-ulcers-of-patients-with-diabetes-pronox1-study
#10
Michael E Edmonds, Harvey J Bodansky, Andrew Jm Boulton, Paul J Chadwick, Cuong N Dang, Ryan D'Costa, Atholl Johnston, Brian Kennon, Graham Leese, Satyan M Rajbhandari, Thomas E Serena, Matthew J Young, Joanne E Stewart, Arthur T Tucker, Marissa J Carter
The aim of this multi-center, prospective, observer-blinded, parallel group, randomized controlled trial was to assess the safety and efficacy of EDX110, a nitric oxide generating medical device, in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers in a patient group reflecting "real world" clinical practice compared against optimal standard care. Participants were recruited from ten hospital sites in multidisciplinary foot ulcer clinics. The ulcers were full thickness, with an area of 25-2500mm2 and either a palpable pedal pulse or ankle brachial pressure index >0...
April 4, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615353/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease
#11
Andrew W Gardner, Polly S Montgomery, Ming Wang, Cong Xu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of baseline measures of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in symptomatic patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) from objective markers of severity of PAD, clinical and demographic characteristics, comorbid conditions, cardiovascular risk factors, objectively measured physical activity, and patient-based measures of physical function. METHODS: HRQoL measurements of 216 symptomatic men and women with PAD were assessed with the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611173/the-relationship-between-pulse-waveform-analysis-indices-endothelial-function-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease-treated-using-percutaneous-transluminal-angioplasty-during-a-one-year-follow-up-period
#12
Paweł S Kaczmarczyk, Paweł Maga, Rafał Niżankowski, Rafał Januszek, Marzena Frołow, Mikołaj Maga, Jolanta Kościelniak, Andrzej Belowski
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to assess the relationship between potential predictors of clinical outcomes after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of peripheral arteries during a one-year follow-up. Indices of endothelial function (EF), arterial pulse waveform analysis (aPWA) and markers of peripheral arteries ischemia were among those mostly examined. METHODS: The study comprised of 72 individuals with PAD who underwent PTA of the peripheral arteries...
April 3, 2018: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609588/subclinical-atherosclerosis-cardiovascular-health-and-disease-risk-is-there-a-case-for-the-cardiovascular-health-index-in-the-primary-prevention-population
#13
Sarah S Singh, Courtney S Pilkerton, Carl D Shrader, Stephanie J Frisbee
BACKGROUND: Current primary prevention guidelines for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prioritize risk identification, risk stratification using clinical and risk scores, and risk reduction with lifestyle interventions and pharmacotherapy. Subclinical atherosclerosis is an early indicator of atherosclerotic burden and its timely recognition can slow or prevent progression to CVD. Thus, individuals with subclinical atherosclerosis are a priority for primary prevention. This study takes a practical approach to answering a challenge commonly faced by primary care practitioners: in patients with no known CVD, how can individuals likely to have subclinical atherosclerosis be easily identified using existing clinical data and/or information provided by the patient? METHODS: Using NHANES (1999-2004), 6091 men and women aged ≥40 years without any CVD comprised the primary prevention population for this study...
April 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607470/obesity-indices-and-peripheral-artery-disease-measured-by-ankle-brachial-index-in-nigerian-out-patients
#14
E M Umuerri, A O Obasohan
BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease (PAD), an important component of the cardiovascular triad, has been linked with obesity as one of the risk factors for its development. The risk posed by obesity however varies depending on the indices measured. METHODS: We compared the relationship of measures of central and visceral obesity (waist circumference (WC) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) versus that of general obesity (body mass index (BMI) in the development of PAD among Nigerians with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus...
January 2018: West African Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604234/increased-skeletal-muscle-mitochondrial-free-radical-production-in-peripheral-arterial-disease-despite-preserved-mitochondrial-respiratory-capacity
#15
Corey R Hart, Gwenael Layec, Joel D Trinity, Oh Sung Kwon, Jia Zhao, Van R Reese, Jayson R Gifford, Russell S Richardson
Skeletal muscle mitochondrial dysfunction, which is not fully explained by disease-related arterial occlusion, has been implicated in the pathophysiology of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Therefore, this study comprehensively assessed mitochondrial respiratory function in biopsies from the gastrocnemius of 10 patients with PAD (Fontaine Stage II) and 12 healthy controls (HC). Intramuscular and systemic inflammation, mitochondrial-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and oxidative stress were also assessed to better understand the mechanisms responsible for the proposed PAD-induced mitochondrial dysfunction...
March 31, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602761/prevalence-and-related-risk-factors-of-diabetic-foot-ulcer-in-ahvaz-south-west-of-iran
#16
Leila Yazdanpanah, Hajieh Shahbazian, Iraj Nazari, Hamid Reza Arti, Fatemeh Ahmadi, Seyed Ehsan Mohammadianinejad, Bahman Cheraghian, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of diabetic foot ulcer and its related risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 605 patients with diabetes were evaluated in July 2014. A checklist was used to obtain demographic data, diabetes related data, past medical history, and physical examination data. RESULTS: The prevalence of diabetic foot ulcer was 6.4% (95% CI: 4.64-8.73). Seventeen cases of them were female (4...
March 22, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600673/-clinical-efficacy-analysis-of-transverse-tibial-bone-transport-combined-with-vacuum-drainage-for-the-treatment-of-diabetic-foot-ulcer
#17
Zhong-Wei Jia, Jian-Ping Yu, Yun-Xing Su, Xiu-Sheng Guo, Jin-Bin Yu, Zhi-Jun Yang, Jia-Wei Niu, Jie Wei
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical effect of transverse tibial bone transport micro vessels regeneration technology combined with vacuum drainage in treating diabetic foot ulcer. METHODS: From November 2015 and December 2016, clinical data of 19 diabetic foot ulcer patients treated with transverse tibial bone transport micro vessels regeneration technology combined with vacuum drainage were retrospective analyzed, including 15 males and 4 females aged from 42 to 82 years old with an average of (64...
March 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598917/risk-factors-for-three-vessel-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-of-northwest-mexico
#18
Cuitlahuac Arroyo-Rodríguez, Olga Rosa Brito-Zurita, Santiago Sandoval-Navarrete, Rogelio Solis-Vásquez, José Manuel Ornelas-Aguirre, Celestino Olea-Hernández, César Vásquez-Serna, Amanda Marcela Castelan-Ojeda
INTRODUCTION: Three-vessel coronary artery disease is an advanced manifestation of atherosclerosis, with high prevalence in Mexico. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe coronary risk factors in a group of patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease in Northwest Mexico. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted on a population with three-vessel coronary artery disease from May 2015 to February 2016. The disease was defined when ≥70% stenosis was present in each major epicardial coronary artery...
March 26, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587296/the-relationships-of-the-fractional-excretion-of-uric-acid-with-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-and-ankle-brachial-index-in-chinese-young-adults
#19
Jia-Wen Hu, Yang Wang, Chao Chu, Yu Yan, Keke Wang, Wenling Zheng, Qiong Ma, Yong-Bo Lv, Yin Deng, Bo Yan, Jian-Jun Mu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Elevated serum uric acid (UA) was intimately correlated with vascular stiffness and abnormal ankle brachial index (ABI) in various populations. These correlations lost significance after adjustment for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), indicating that the association of UA and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) or ABI might be driven by kidney function. UA is predominantly eliminated through the kidneys, and metabolic disorders can influence the clearance of UA...
2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582539/association-between-atherosclerosis-and-handgrip-strength-in-non-hypertensive-populations-in-india-and-japan
#20
Hirotomo Yamanashi, Bharati Kulkarni, Tansy Edwards, Sanjay Kinra, Jun Koyamatsu, Mako Nagayoshi, Yuji Shimizu, Takahiro Maeda, Sharon E Cox
AIM: Although several risk factors contribute to the development of sarcopenia, whether preclinical atherosclerosis contributes to the risk of sarcopenia is not established. The present cross-sectional study aimed to investigate if there is an association between preclinical atherosclerosis and muscle strength among two ethnic populations. METHODS: Participants included individuals aged ≥40 years and enrolled in the third follow-up examination of the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study, India, and in the baseline assessments of the Nagasaki Islands Study, Japan...
March 26, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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