keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ankle brachial index

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018628/combined-moderate-and-high-intensity-exercise-with-dietary-restriction-improves-cardiac-autonomic-function-associated-with-a-reduction-in-central-and-systemic-arterial-stiffness-in-obese-adults-a-clinical-trial
#1
Min Hu, Shen Wang, Dan Wang, Qinhao Lai, Xiaoying Chen, Shiwei Duan, Mengke Zhao, Junhao Huang
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the effects of exercise with dietary restriction on cardiac autonomic activity, arterial stiffness, and cardiovascular biomarkers in obese individuals. METHODS: Seventeen obese adults completed an 8-week exercise and dietary program. Anthropometry, body composition, and multiple biochemical markers were measured. We used carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), central blood pressure, and augmentation index (AIx) to assess arterial stiffness...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018602/elevated-serum-osteoprotegerin-may-predict-peripheral-arterial-disease-after-kidney-transplantation-a-single-center-prospective-cross-sectional-study-in-taiwan
#2
Yen-Cheng Chen, Bang-Gee Hsu, Ching-Chun Ho, Chung-Jen Lee, Ming-Che Lee
BACKGROUND: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potential biomarker for severity and complications of cardiovascular diseases. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk of death in kidney transplantation (KT) patients. This prospective cross-sectional study evaluated the relationship between serum OPG and PAD in KT patients. METHODS: Seventy-four KT patients were enrolled for this PAD study. Fasting blood samples were obtained to measure serum OPG levels by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985258/interarm-systolic-and-diastolic-blood-pressure-difference-is-diversely-associated-with-cerebral-atherosclerosis-in-noncardioembolic-stroke-patients
#3
Yoonkyung Chang, Gyeong Seon Choi, Soo Mee Lim, Yong-Jae Kim, Tae-Jin Song
BACKGROUND: Interarm systolic and diastolic blood pressure differences (IASBD, IADBD) are not infrequent in various populations. Cerebral atherosclerosis, including extracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ECAS) and intracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ICAS), is an important risk factor for stroke. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship of IASBD, IADBD with presence and burden of ICAS and ECAS. METHODS: This was a retrospective hospital-based cross-sectional study...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982943/effects-of-exercise-training-on-calf-muscle-oxygen-extraction-and-blood-flow-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#4
Wesley B Baker, Zhe Li, Steven S Schenkel, Malavika Chandra, David R Busch, Erin Kristine Englund, Kathryn H Schmitz, Arjun G Yodh, Thomas F Floyd, Emile R Mohler
We employed near-infrared optical techniques, diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) and frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy (FD-NIRS), to test the hypothesis that supervised exercise training increases skeletal muscle microvascular blood flow and oxygen extraction in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) who experience claudication. PAD patients (n=64) were randomly assigned to exercise and control groups. Patients in the exercise group received three months of supervised exercise training...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980510/sensitivities-of-in-vivo-markers-of-arterial-organ-damage-in-patients-with-peripheral-atherosclerosis
#5
Martina Frick, Frederic Baumann, Beate Sick, Ian B Wilkinson, Beatrice Amann-Vesti, Marc Husmann
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers of vascular diseases such as ankle-brachial index (ABI), peripheral pulse pressure (pPP), central pulse pressure (cPP), and pulse wave velocity (PWV) allow assessment of arterial organ damage (AOD). However, the utility of markers other than ABI in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), which are also associated with a significant increase of cardiovascular events, remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Asymptomatic (n = 21) and symptomatic patients (n = 46) with a positive sonography for PAD or history of lower limb revascularization were included...
October 5, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976393/-approach-to-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-the-elderly
#6
Ozan Onur Balkanay, Suat Nail Ömeroğlu
The prevalence of peripheral arterial disease, which usually develops on the basis of atherosclerosis and develops as a result of chronic arterial occlusive pathology, increases with age. Peripheral artery disease in the elderly patient population may be asymptomatic due to restrictive conditions associated with immobilization. Concurrent cerebrovascular disease and coronary artery disease risk and mortality rates are higher in elderly patients with peripheral artery disease. The life expectancy in patients with peripheral arterial disease is worse than in prostate cancer patients...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974908/association-of-hyperleptinemia-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-hypertensive-patients
#7
I-Ching Huang, Chao-Chien Chang, Bang-Gee Hsu, Chung-Jen Lee, Ji-Hung Wang
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is a risk factor for peripheral artery disease (PAD). Serum leptin plays an important role in promoting endothelial dysfunction. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the leptin level is associated with PAD in hypertensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight hypertensive patients were enrolled in this study. Ankle-brachial index (ABI) values were measured using an automated oscillometric device. Patients with an ABI value <0...
July 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967515/what-is-the-utility-of-physical-examination-ankle-brachial-index-and-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-arterial-injury-in-patients-with-penetrating-extremity-trauma
#8
EDITORIAL
Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966285/preliminary-evaluation-of-aortic-aneurysm-screening-using-oscillometric-device-equipped-with-novel-algorithm-analyzing-pulse-wave-transfer
#9
Shigeo Ichihashi, Tomoko Hashimoto, Shinichi Iwakoshi, Kenji Obayashi, Keigo Saeki, Kimihiko Kichikawa
BACKGROUND: Detection of aortic aneurysm (AA) prior to rupture is crucial to decreasing its mortality. Towards this purpose, a novel detection algorithm was developed from pulse volume recording (PVR), analyzing the propagation loss of pulse waves caused by expansion of the aortic wall. The diagnostic ability of the algorithm was evaluated in this prospective study.Methods and Results:PVR were measured for 30 s using the oscillometric device designed for automatic measurement of the ankle-brachial index (ABI)...
September 29, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966223/which-cytokine-is-the-most-related-to-weight-loss-%C3%A2-induced-decrease-in-arterial-stiffness-in-overweight-and-obese-men
#10
Hiroshi Kumagai, Asako Zempo-Miyaki, Toru Yoshikawa, Miki Eto, Rina So, Takehiko Tsujimoto, Takeshi Nishiyasu, Kiyoji Tanaka, Seiji Maeda
Obesity and increased arterial stiffness are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. A well-known characteristic of obesity is the chronic low-grade inflammatory state, and it causes elevation of arterial stiffness. Weight-loss reduces arterial stiffness and inflammatory level in obese individuals. However, it is unclear which inflammatory factor is most related to weight loss-induce decreases in arterial stiffness in overweight and obese men. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine which circulating cytokine level has the most effect on decreasing arterial stiffness after lifestyle modification...
September 30, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965473/femoral-artery-plaque-characteristics-lower-extremity-collaterals-and-mobility-loss-in-peripheral-artery-disease
#11
Mary M McDermott, Timothy Carroll, James Carr, Chun Yuan, Luigi Ferrucci, Jack M Guralnik, Melina Kibbe, Michael H Criqui, Lu Tian, Tamar Polonsky, Lihui Zhao, Ying Gao, Daniel S Hippe, Dongxiang Xu, Walter McCarthy, Christopher M Kramer
Little is known about the prognostic significance of specific characteristics of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measured plaque in the superficial femoral artery (SFA). Associations of MRI-measured plaque quantity, lumen area, and plaque composition in the SFA with subsequent mobility loss were studied in people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). Participants with an ankle-brachial index (ABI) < 1.00 were identified from Chicago medical centers and underwent direct visualization of atherosclerotic plaque in the SFA using MRI...
September 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963288/adiposity-measures-and-arterial-stiffness-in-primary-care-the-mark-prospective-observational-study
#12
Leticia Gomez-Sanchez, Luis Garcia-Ortiz, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Fernando Rigo, Ruth Martí, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez, Jose A Maderuelo-Fernandez, Rafel Ramos, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular risk of obesity is potentially increased by arterial stiffness. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship of adiposity measures with arterial stiffness in Caucasian adults with intermediate cardiovascular risk. SETTING: Six Spanish health centres. PARTICIPANTS: We enrolled 2354 adults (age range, 35-74 years; mean age, 61.4±7.7 years, 61.9% male). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that analyses data from the baseline visit of the improving interMediAte RisK management (MARK) study...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956475/prognostic-value-of-ankle-brachial-index-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-hospital-and-1-year-outcomes-from-the-shinano-registry
#13
Naoto Hashizume, Takashi Miura, Yusuke Miyashita, Hirohiko Motoki, Soichiro Ebisawa, Atsushi Izawa, Jun Koyama, Uichi Ikeda, Koichiro Kuwahara
Concomitant coronary and peripheral artery disease is associated with higher periprocedural and long-term percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) complication rates. We evaluated in-hospital and 1-year clinical outcomes of patients with low or borderline ankle-brachial indexes (ABIs) undergoing PCIs in the drug-eluting stent era. We divided 1370 SHINANO registry patients into 3 groups-low (ABI ≤ 0.9), borderline (0.9 < ABI ≤ 1.0), and normal (1.0 ≤ ABI < 1.4). During the 1-year follow-up, more PCI-related complications occurred in the low and borderline ABI groups than in the normal ABI group (7...
November 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950166/leukocyte-telomere-length-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-african-americans-the-jackson-heart-study
#14
Stanford Mwasongwe, Yan Gao, Michael Griswold, James G Wilson, Abraham Aviv, Alexander P Reiner, Laura M Raffield
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In European descent populations, shorter leukocyte telomere length (LTL) has been associated with subclinical atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and mortality, while longer LTL has been associated with greater left ventricular hypertrophy. We evaluated the relationship of LTL with subclinical cardiovascular disease indices and incident clinical events and mortality in African Americans (AAs). METHODS: Analyses were restricted to 2518 participants of the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) with LTL measured by Southern blot in baseline blood samples...
September 15, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943002/a-feasibility-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-as-a-novel-treatment-for-intermittent-claudication
#15
Amy Elizabeth Harwood, Jordan Green, Thomas Cayton, Ali Raza, Tom Wallace, Daniel Carradice, Ian Clifford Chetter, George Edward Smith
BACKGROUND: Intermittent claudication is the most common symptom of peripheral arterial disease. Previous research has suggested that extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) may induce angiogenesis in treated tissue. The objective of this feasibility pilot trial was to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of ESWT as a novel treatment. METHODS: Patients with unilateral claudication were randomized to receive ESWT or sham treatment to the calf muscle three times per week for 3 weeks...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938901/validation-of-the-vascular-quality-of-life-questionnaire-6-for-clinical-use-in-patients-with-lower-limb-peripheral-arterial-disease
#16
Anne Sofie F Larsen, Anne Therese Reiersen, Morten B Jacobsen, Nils-Einar Kløw, Joakim Nordanstig, Mark Morgan, Jarlis Wesche
BACKGROUND: The VascuQoL-6 (VQ-6) health-related quality of life questionnaire, a short version of the disease-specific VascuQoL-25, was developed for clinical practice and use in vascular registries. The study purpose was to evaluate the validity and reliability of VQ-6. METHODS: VQ-6 was translated to Norwegian with linguistic validation and face value evaluation, and consecutive patients with intermittent claudication (IC) or critical limb ischemia (CLI) were included...
September 22, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932009/relation-between-respiratory-function-and-arterial-stiffness-assessed-using-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-in-healthy-workers
#17
Atsushi Inomoto, Rika Fukuda, Junko Deguchi, Toshihiro Toyonaga
[Purpose] Current studies report that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may also have arteriosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between respiratory function and arterial stiffness in healthy workers using the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). [Subjects and Methods] This study included 104 male Japanese workers without COPD. We collected participant information and measured hemodynamics, body composition, and respiratory function. [Results] In the correlation analysis, baPWV showed a significant positive correlation with age, smoking index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate, and a significant negative correlation with height, fat free mass, lower limb muscle mass, forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930839/a-novel-use-of-hill-function-and-utility-of-99mtc-mibi-scintigraphy-to-detect-earlier-lower-extremity-microvascular-perfusion-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Yingsha Li, Qiang Li, Shenju Liang, Xia Liang, Wen Zhou, Hongbo He, Rongbing Jin, Kaifa Wang, Zhiming Zhu, Zhencheng Yan
We use the Hill function to analyze the dynamics of Tc-99m 2 methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile (Tc-MIBI) scintigraphy data and to examine the earlier lower extremity microvascular perfusion of diabetic patients without typical clinical symptoms and with the preserved normal ankle-brachial index (ABI).Eighty-eight participants (30 healthy control, 34 diabetic patients, and 24 diabetic patients with peripheral arterial disease [PAD]) were recruited and applied Tc-MIBI scintigraphy. Fourteen diabetic patients with PAD also underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) examination and were performed endovascular interventions...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930746/early-assessment-of-the-risk-factors-for-diabetic-retinopathy-can-reduce-the-risk-of-peripheral-arterial-and-cardiovascular-diseases-in-type-2-diabetes
#19
Juan Tang, Tao Li, Pinhong Li, Yuefei Ma, Momo Liu, Qiaoyun Shan, Fengqi Guo, Ting Zhou, Qianping Wei
BACKGROUNDS: There is still a lack of consensus about how to assess the risk of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR). AIMS: We investigated the risk factors for DR and their association with PAD and CVD in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: A total of 1,421 patients diagnosed with T2D participated in this study. DR stages were classified as non-DR, nonproliferative DR (NPDR), or proliferative DR (PDR)...
September 21, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923443/-leg-ulcer-ankle-brachial-pressure-index-and-the-role-of-the-nurse
#20
REVIEW
Maria Consolación Cano Sanchez
The measurement of the ankle-brachial pressure index is essential for the treatment of leg ulcers. In the framework of the imminent implementation of advanced practices in France, nurses specifically trained in wound care and healing could be authorised to take and interpret this measurement. Venous compression techniques could therefore be adapted more precisely to the needs of the patients.
September 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
keyword
keyword
36664
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"