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ankle brachial index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430145/the-association-of-ankle-brachial-index-protein-energy-wasting-and-inflammation-status-with-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-on-chronic-hemodialysis
#1
Hideki Ishii, Hiroshi Takahashi, Yasuhiko Ito, Toru Aoyama, Daisuke Kamoi, Takashi Sakakibara, Norio Umemoto, Yoshitaka Kumada, Susumu Suzuki, Toyoaki Murohara
Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is highly prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We investigated the association of abnormal ankle brachial index (ABI), PEW, and chronic inflammation status with clinical prognosis in HD patients. A total of 973 HD patients were enrolled and were followed-up for 8 years. As a marker of the PEW, geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) was used. Cut-off levels were 91.2 for GNRI defined from previous studies and 1.9 mg/L for C-reactive protein (CRP) as median value, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429921/relationship-between-dietary-patterns-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-among-middle-aged-adults-in-japan
#2
Shota Moyama, Kazuhiro Minami, Mihiro Yano, Masumi Okumura, Susumu Hayashi, Hiroshi Takayama, Akira Yorimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and it is considered to be affected by dietary intake. However, few studies have examined the relationship between major dietary patterns and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) among Japanese middle-aged subjects. We studied whether major dietary patterns were associated with baPWV in this population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Between 2009 and 2012, 70 Japanese middle-aged subjects (39 men and 31 women) with no history of stroke, coronary heart disease, or cancer were studied...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429659/sex-differences-in-disease-specific-health-status-measures-in-patients-with-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease-data-from-the-portrait-study
#3
Mazen Roumia, Herbert D Aronow, Peter Soukas, Kensey Gosch, Kim G Smolderen, John A Spertus, J Dawn Abbott
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is associated with poor health status (symptoms, functioning, quality of life (QOL)). Whether sex differences exist in PAD-specific health status is unknown. In patients presenting to a specialty clinic with new-onset or recent exacerbation of PAD, we examined sex differences as assessed by the Peripheral Artery Questionnaire (PAQ). The Patient-centered Outcomes Related to TReatment Practices in Peripheral Arterial Disease: Investigating Trajectories (PORTRAIT) study is a multicenter, international prospective study of patients with new or worsening PAD symptoms...
April 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415786/arterial-stiffness-and-blood-pressure-improvement-in-aldosterone-producing-adenoma-harboring-kcnj5-mutations-after-adrenalectomy
#4
Chia-Hui Chang, Ya-Hui Hu, Yao-Chou Tsai, Che-Hsiung Wu, Shuo-Meng Wang, Lian-Yu Lin, Yen-Hung Lin, Fumitoshi Satoh, Kwan-Dun Wu, Vin-Cent Wu
The aim of this study was to show the effect of KCNJ5 mutational status on arterial stiffness in aldosterone-producing adenomas after adrenalectomy. Between February 2008 and January 2010, we prospectively enrolled 108 aldosterone-producing adenoma patients undergoing adrenalectomy. We conducted repeated measurements of pulse wave velocity at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months after adrenalectomy, grouped by KCNJ5 mutational status. Prognostic factors of arterial stiffness and risk for hypertension at 12 months after adrenalectomy were analyzed after propensity score matching in a 1:1 ratio...
March 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414819/glycemic-markers-and-relation-with-arterial-stiffness-in-caucasian-subjects-of-the-mark-study
#5
Leticia Gomez-Sanchez, Luis Garcia-Ortiz, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Natalia Feuerbach, Ruth Marti, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez, Jose A Maderuelo-Fernandez, Rafel Ramos, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos
BACKGROUND: Effect of prediabetes and normal glucose on arterial stiffness remains controversial. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial glucose (PG) and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in Caucasian adults. The secondary aim was to analyse this relationship by glycaemic status. METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406941/association-of-diabetes-mellitus-with-decline-in-ankle-brachial-index-among-patients-on-hemodialysis-a-6-year-follow-up-study
#6
Szu-Chia Chen, Mei-Yueh Lee, Jiun-Chi Huang, Hsiu-Chin Mai, Po-Lin Kuo, Jer-Ming Chang, Hung-Chun Chen, Yi-Hsin Yang
Peripheral artery occlusive disease is common among diabetes mellitus (DM) and end-stage renal disease patients, and tends to progress faster and lead to worse outcomes. This study compared the association of DM with the decline in ankle-brachial index (ABI) among patients on hemodialysis (HD). This was a longitudinal analysis of ABI in HD patients from 2009 to 2015. Medical records and yearly ABI values were obtained. A longitudinal mixed-model analysis was used to evaluate ABI changing trends while accounting for within-patients correlation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403379/effect-of-resveratrol-on-walking-performance-in-older-people-with-peripheral-artery-disease-the-restore-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Mary M McDermott, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Jack M Guralnik, Lu Tian, Robert Sufit, Lihui Zhao, Michael H Criqui, Melina R Kibbe, James H Stein, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephen D Anton, Tamar S Polonsky, Ying Gao, Rafael de Cabo, Luigi Ferrucci
Importance: Research shows that resveratrol, a sirtuin activator in red wine, improves exercise endurance and skeletal-muscle oxidative metabolism in animals and may enhance vascular function in humans. Resveratrol supplement sales exceed $30 million annually in the United States, but few data are available regarding its efficacy in humans. Objective: To determine whether resveratrol, 125 mg/d or 500 mg/d, improves the 6-minute walk performance in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD)...
April 12, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403173/reference-values-of-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-according-to-age-and-blood-pressure-in-a-central-asia-population
#8
Gulinuer Yiming, Xianhui Zhou, Wenkui Lv, Yi Peng, Wenhui Zhang, Xinchun Cheng, Yaodong Li, Qiang Xing, Jianghua Zhang, Qina Zhou, Ling Zhang, Yanmei Lu, Hongli Wang, Baopeng Tang
BACKGROUND: Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), a direct measure of aortic stiffness, has increasingly become an important assessment for cardiovascular risk. The present study established the reference and normal values of baPWV in a Central Asia population in Xinjiang, China. METHODS: We recruited participants from a central Asia population in Xinjiang, China. We performed multiple regression analysis to investigate the determinants of baPWV. The median and 10th-90th percentiles were calculated to establish the reference and normal values based on these categories...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401075/repeated-remote-ischemic-conditioning-effect-on-ankle-brachial-index-in-diabetic-patients-a-randomized-control-trial
#9
Najmeh Shahvazian, Mansour Rafiee, Masoud Rahmanian, Seyed Kazem Razavi-Ratki, Mohammad Hadi Farahzadi
BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is a phenomenon where a short period of ischemia in one organ protects against further ischemia in the other organs. We hypothesized that RIPC occurring in diabetic patients with ankle brachial index (ABI) between 0.70 and 0.90 were included with peripheral arterial disease, would make the better coronary flow resulted in the increasing ABI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial study was done in the Afshar Cardiovascular Hospital in Yazd between 2013 and 2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400218/outcomes-of-the-japanese-multicenter-viabahn-trial-of-endovascular-stent-grafting-for-superficial-femoral-artery-lesions
#10
Takao Ohki, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyoshi Yokoi, Masaaki Uematsu, Terutoshi Yamaoka, Koji Maeda, Yuji Kanaoka
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess 1-year safety, efficacy, and invasiveness outcomes of endovascular stent grafting of symptomatic long lesions (≥10 cm) in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) as a substitute for above-knee open bypass surgery. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter (15 hospitals) study assessed heparin-coated stent grafts for the treatment of long SFA lesions in Japanese subjects with peripheral arterial disease. Inclusion criteria were Rutherford category 2 to 5 symptoms (grade 5 without active infection), ankle-brachial index ≤0...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397006/acute-effect-of-stretching-one-leg-on-regional-arterial-stiffness-in-young-men
#11
Yosuke Yamato, Natsuki Hasegawa, Shumpei Fujie, Shigehiko Ogoh, Motoyuki Iemitsu
PURPOSE: Our previous study demonstrated that a single bout of stretching exercises acutely reduced arterial stiffness. We hypothesized that this acute vascular response is due to regional mechanical stimulation of the peripheral arteries. To test this hypothesis, we examined the effect of a single bout of passive one leg stretching on arterial stiffness, comparing the stretched and the non-stretched leg in the same subject. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy young men (20...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394902/correlation-of-hippocampal-atrophy-with-hyperhomocysteinemia-in-hemodialysis-patients-an-exploratory-pilot-study
#12
Kyoko Maesato, Takayasu Ohtake, Yasuhiro Mochida, Kunihiro Ishioka, Machiko Oka, Hidekazu Moriya, Sumi Hidaka, Shuzo Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is one of the important critical issues in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, the associating factors of brain atrophy in HD patients have not been fully elucidated. PURPOSE AND METHODS: Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in 34 of total 72 HD outpatients in our dialysis center. These MRI images were analyzed by an application software; Voxel-based Specific Regional Analysis System for Alzheimer's Disease (VSRAD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394111/diabetes-and-critical-limb-ischemia-the-deadly-duo-in-patients-with-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease
#13
(no author information available yet)
Inflammation plays an important role in the initiation and progression of peripheral artery disease (PAD). Patients with diabetes have an increased risk of developing PAD. Data regarding the prognostic implication of diabetes and inflammation on all-cause mortality in patients with symptomatic PAD and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF >50%). The study was conducted at the Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center between January 2010 and January 2014 on 319 consecutive patients with symptomatic PAD and preserved LVEF (66...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393341/-effects-of-nurse-led-team-management-on-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-the-community
#14
Yun-Xia Ni, Su-Zhen Liu, Ji-Ping Li, Yong-Shu Diao, Ting Dong, Lin Tao
BACKGROUND: Managing increasing numbers of diabetic patients is placing increasing pressure on healthcare providers, especially general practitioners, who usually serve in multiple roles. This situation has caused generally poor results in terms of diabetes management. However, community nurses in some countries have successfully and effectively controlled chronic diseases among their patients. Therefore, the effects of nurse-led management is worth further exploration in order to better understand and promote this mode of care...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391885/relationship-between-changes-in-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-aging-related-arterial-stiffness-in-overweight-subjects-50%C3%A2-years-or-older-over-a-3-year-period
#15
Seung Han Baek, Minkyung Kim, Minjoo Kim, Hye Jin Yoo, Ayoung Lee, Minjae Ji, Min Song, Jong Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Although aging-related elastic arterial stiffness is an independent indicator of cardiovascular risk, the roles of polyunsaturated fatty acids in this condition remain uncertain. OBJECTIVE: This prospective study examined the relationships of aging, persist overweight and plasma fatty acids with arterial stiffening over 3 years. METHODS: We divided a cohort of 179 healthy, nonhypertensive subjects (aged ≥50 years) into 2 groups: a normal-weight group (18...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390770/rationale-and-design-of-the-marrowstim-pad-kit-for-the-treatment-of-critical-limb-ischemia-in-subjects-with-severe-peripheral-arterial-disease-mobile-trial-investigating-autologous-bone-marrow-cell-therapy-for-critical-limb%C3%A2-ischemia
#16
S Keisin Wang, Linden A Green, Raghu L Motaganahalli, Michael G Wilson, Andres Fajardo, Michael P Murphy
OBJECTIVE: Critical limb ischemia (CLI) continues to place a significant encumbrance on patients and the health care system as it progresses to limb loss and long-term disability. Traditional methods of revascularization offer a significant benefit; however, for one-third of CLI patients, these surgical options are not technically possible or patency is severely limited by disease burden (deemed "poor-option" for revascularization). In a previous phase I trial, we demonstrated intramuscular injection of concentrated bone marrow aspirate (cBMA) via MarrowStim (Zimmer Biomet, Warsaw, Ind) harvest is safe and may decrease major amputation in patients with CLI unfit for surgical revascularization...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385410/comparative-efficacy-of-endovascular-revascularization-versus-supervised-exercise-training-in-patients-with-intermittent-claudication-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Ambarish Pandey, Subhash Banerjee, Christian Ngo, Purav Mody, Steven P Marso, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Ehrin J Armstrong, Jay Giri, Marc P Bonaca, Aruna Pradhan, Anthony A Bavry, Dharam J Kumbhani
OBJECTIVES: The authors performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to compare the efficacy of initial endovascular treatment with or without supervised exercise training (SET) versus SET alone in patients with intermittent claudication. BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend SET as the initial treatment modality for patients with intermittent claudication, in addition to optimal medical therapy. The role of endovascular therapy as primary treatment for claudication has been controversial...
April 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383828/associations-between-arterial-structure-and-function-and-serum-levels-of-liver-enzymes-in-obese-adolescents
#18
Elim Man, Pik-To Cheung, Yiu-Fai Cheung
AIM: To determine the structural and functional alterations of systemic arteries in obese adolescents and their relationships with adiposity, metabolic and lipid profile, and serum liver enzyme levels. METHODS: Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), carotid stiffness index, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) were measured in 56 obese adolescents and 58 lean controls. Obese adolescents had additional liver ultrasound and determination of fasting blood indices of glucose metabolism and lipid profile, and serum levels of liver enzymes...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381701/non-invasive-assessment-of-early-atherosclerosis-based-on-new-arterial-stiffness-indices-measured-with-an-upper-arm-oscillometric-device
#19
Yaping Zhang, Ping Yin, Zuojun Xu, Yushui Xie, Changqian Wang, Yuqi Fan, Fuyou Liang, Zhaofang Yin
The clinical significance of detecting early atherosclerosis is now widely recognized. Measurement methods available at present are usually not suitable for use in primary care where rapid screening for a large population is needed. The Arterial Velocity-pulse Index (AVI) and Arterial Pressure-volume Index (API) are new noninvasive arterial stiffness indices that can be rapidly measured using an oscillometric device. The purpose of this study was to determine whether high AVI and API values are predictive of early atherosclerosis prior to the onset of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD)...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379333/comparison-of-coronary-artery-calcification-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-ankle-brachial-index-for-predicting-10-year-incident-cardiovascular-events-in-the-general-population
#20
Marie Henrike Geisel, Marcus Bauer, Frauke Hennig, Barbara Hoffmann, Nils Lehmann, Stefan Möhlenkamp, Knut Kröger, Kaffer Kara, Tobias Müller, Susanne Moebus, Raimund Erbel, André Scherag, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Amir A Mahabadi
Aims: To compare the predictive value of coronary artery calcification (CAC), carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and ankle-brachial index (ABI) in a primary prevention cohort depending on risk factor profile to determine which of the three markers improves cardiovascular (CV) risk discrimination best in which risk group. Methods and results: We quantified CAC, CIMT, and ABI in 3108 subjects (mean age 59.2 ± 7.7, 47.1% male) without prevalent CV diseases from the population-based Heinz Nixdorf Recall study...
March 30, 2017: European Heart Journal
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