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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528032/a-surprising-alliance-two-giants-of-the-20th-century
#1
Robert M Sade
Alexis Carrel and Charles Lindbergh were among the most famous international figures in the 20th century: Carrel, the surgeon-scientist who won a Nobel prize as a young surgeon, and Lindbergh, the aviator-engineer who pioneered aviation and promoted commercial flight throughout his life. Surprisingly, these two amazing individuals came together to collaborate on the early development of extracorporeal circulation. Their work was interrupted by the onset of World War II, which destroyed one of them and nearly destroyed the other...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518003/caffeine-consumption-among-naval-aviation-candidates
#2
Thomas E Sather, Ronald D Williams, Donald R Delorey, Conrad L Woolsey
INTRODUCTION: Education frequently dictates students need to study for prolonged periods of time to adequately prepare for examinations. This is especially true with aviation preflight indoctrination (API) candidates who have to assimilate large volumes of information in a limited amount of time during API training. The purpose of this study was to assess caffeine consumption patterns (frequency, type, and volume) among naval aviation candidates attending API to determine the most frequently consumed caffeinated beverage and to examine if the consumption of a nonenergy drink caffeinated beverage was related to energy drink consumption...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518002/cognitive-evaluation-of-israeli-air-force-pilot-cadets
#3
Shirley Gordon, Chen Goren, Erez Carmon, Leah Shelef
OBJECTIVE: In aviation psychology, there is a constant need for the cognitive evaluation of pilots as part of operational fitness and safety criteria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with comparison between the performance of Israeli Air Force pilot cadets (N = 318) and U.S. Air Force pilot training candidates (N = 512) as assessed by a cognitive battery was undertaken. The data of the comparison group was collected from Callister, King, and Retzlaff, as published in 1996...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514356/-the-criteria-for-the-relationship-between-hearing-impairment-and-professional-occupation-and-the-criteria-for-professional-suitability-in-terms-of-hearing-among-the-aeronautical-personnel-engaged-in-civilian-aviation
#4
V B Pankova
This article describes the main clinical features associated with the development and manifestations of disturbed sound perception in the members of the aeronautical personnel engaged in the Russian civilian aviation. The main expert criteria for the relationship between the diseases of the organs of hearing (as exemplified by chronic sensorineural hearing impairment) and professional occupation have been developed based on the results of the clinical and diagnostic examination with the use of whispered and loud speech acumetry, tonal threshold audiometry, speech audiometry, impedancometry and evoked optoacoustic emission...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510736/go-no-go-decision-in-anaesthesia-wide-variation-in-risk-tolerance-amongst-anaesthetists
#5
P R Greig, H E Higham, J L Darbyshire, C Vincent
Background: The variability in risk tolerance in medicine is not well understood. Parallels are often drawn between aviation and anaesthesia. The aviation industry is perceived as culturally risk averse, and part of preflight checks involves a decision on whether the flight can operate. This is sometimes termed a go/no-go decision. This questionnaire study was undertaken to explore the equivalent go/no-go decision in anaesthesia. We presented anaesthetists with a range of situations in which additional risk might be expected and asked them to decide whether they would proceed with the case...
May 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499684/flying-lessons-for-clinicians-developing-system-2-practice
#6
Jerome N Gregoire, Celeste M Alfes, Andrew P Reimer, Mary F Terhaar
There is a long history of adopting lessons learned from aviation to improve health care practice. Two of the major practices that have successfully transferred include using a checklist and simulation. Training and simulation technology is currently underdeveloped for nurses and health care providers entering critical care transport. This article describes a pedagogical approach adopted from aviation to develop a new simulation platform and program of research to develop the science of critical care transport nursing education...
May 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490255/developing-a-taxonomy-of-coordination-behaviors-in-nuclear-power-plant-control-rooms-during-emergencies
#7
Dunxing Wang, Qin Gao, Zhizhong Li, Fei Song, Liang Ma
This study aims to develop a taxonomy of coordination behaviors during emergencies in nuclear power plants (NPPs). We summarized basic coordination behaviors from literature in aviation, healthcare, and nuclear field and identified coordination behaviors specific to the nuclear domain by interviewing and surveying control crew operators. The established taxonomy includes seven workflow stages and 24 basic coordination behaviors. To evaluate the reliability and feasibility of the taxonomy, we analyzed 12 videos of operators' training sessions by coding coordination behaviors with the taxonomy and the inter-rater reliability was acceptable...
May 10, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486887/incident-reporting-aviation-and-anaesthesia
#8
A F Merry, B Henderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484609/interactive-numerals
#9
Harold Thimbleby, Paul Cairns
Although Arabic numerals (like '2016' and '3.14') are ubiquitous, we show that in interactive computer applications they are often misleading and surprisingly unreliable. We introduce interactive numerals as a new concept and show, like Roman numerals and Arabic numerals, interactive numerals introduce another way of using and thinking about numbers. Properly understanding interactive numerals is essential for all computer applications that involve numerical data entered by users, including finance, medicine, aviation and science...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481748/lessons-from-crew-resource-management-for-cardiac-surgeons
#10
Patrick Marvil, Curt Tribble
Crew resource management (CRM) describes a system developed in the late 1970s in response to a series of deadly commercial aviation crashes. This system has been universally adopted in commercial and military aviation and is now an integral part of aviation culture. CRM is an error mitigation strategy developed to reduce human error in situations in which teams operate in complex, high-stakes environments. Over time, the principles of this system have been applied and utilized in other environments, particularly in medical areas dealing with high-stakes outcomes requiring optimal teamwork and communication...
April 30, 2017: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455531/temporal-characteristics-of-the-chinese-aviation-network-and-their-effects-on-the-spread-of-infectious-diseases
#11
Jianhong Mou, Chuchu Liu, Saran Chen, Ge Huang, Xin Lu
Aviation transportation systems have developed rapidly in recent years and have become a focus for research on the modeling of epidemics. However, despite the number of studies on aggregated topological structures and their effects on the spread of disease, the temporal sequence of flights that connect different airports have not been examined. In this study, to analyze the temporal pattern of the Chinese Aviation Network (CAN), we obtain a time series of topological statistics through sliding the temporal CAN with an hourly time window...
April 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452284/shrink-in-the-clouds-the-recollections-of-an-aviation-psychologist
#12
Ted Lovesey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441505/error-detection-based-model-to-assess-educational-outcomes-in-crisis-resource-management-training-a-pilot-study
#13
Sarah Bouhabel, Emily Kay-Rivest, Carol Nhan, Ilana Bank, Peter Nugus, Rachel Fisher, Lily Hp Nguyen
Otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OTL-HNS) residents face a variety of difficult, high-stress situations, which may occur early in their training. Since these events occur infrequently, simulation-based learning has become an important part of residents' training and is already well established in fields such as anesthesia and emergency medicine. In the domain of OTL-HNS, it is gradually gaining in popularity. Crisis Resource Management (CRM), a program adapted from the aviation industry, aims to improve outcomes of crisis situations by attempting to mitigate human errors...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436539/valuing-equal-protection-in-aviation-security-screening
#14
Kenneth D Nguyen, Heather Rosoff, Richard S John
The growing number of anti-terrorism policies has elevated public concerns about discrimination. Within the context of airport security screening, the current study examines how American travelers value the principle of equal protection by quantifying the "equity premium" that they are willing to sacrifice to avoid screening procedures that result in differential treatments. In addition, we applied the notion of procedural justice to explore the effect of alternative selective screening procedures on the value of equal protection...
April 24, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432908/particulate-matter-pollution-from-aviation-related-activity-at-a-small-airport-of-the-aegean-sea-insular-region
#15
C Psanis, E Triantafyllou, M Giamarelou, M Manousakas, K Eleftheriadis, G Biskos
The unprecedented growth in aviation during the last years has resulted in a notable increase of local air pollution related to airports. The impacts of aviation on air quality can be extremely high particularly around airports serving remote insular regions with pristine atmospheric environments. Here we report measurements that show how the atmospheric aerosol is affected by the activity at a small airport in a remote region. More specifically, we provide measurements performed at the airport of Mytilene, Greece, a regional yet international airport that serves the entire island of Lesvos; the third largest island of the country...
April 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420482/detection-of-driver-drowsiness-using-wearable-devices-a-feasibility-study-of-the-proximity-sensor
#16
Jibo He, William Choi, Yan Yang, Junshi Lu, Xiaohui Wu, Kaiping Peng
BACKGROUND: Drowsiness is one of the major factors that cause crashes in the transportation industry. Drowsiness detection systems can alert drowsy operators and potentially reduce the risk of crashes. In this study, a Google-Glass-based drowsiness detection system was developed and validated. METHODS: The proximity sensor of Google Glass was used to monitor eye blink frequency. A simulated driving study was carried out to validate the system. Driving performance and eye blinks were compared between the two states of alertness and drowsiness while driving...
April 15, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417843/letter-to-the-editor-re-hypoxia-occurrence-in-a-military-aviator-below-3048-m-letter
#17
Savas Ilbasmis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417840/emergency-highway-landings-in-general-aviation-and-the-possible-role-of-media-reports
#18
Emily Holzman, Alex de Voogt
BACKGROUND: To examine the causes and factors of airplane landings on highways and the dangers to occupants of vehicles on the ground. METHODS: The U.S. National Transportation Safety Board online database provided 133 accidents involving a highway landing dating from 2000 to 2013. Supplemental information was sought in online media archives, which reported on 53 of these accidents. Collisions with highway-related objects, other options for landing, and witness accounts were added categories extracted from the narrative statements and media reports...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417838/transferring-aviation-practices-into-clinical-medicine-for-the-promotion-of-high-reliability
#19
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Mark K McPherson, Joseph S Pina, Steven J Gaydos
BACKGROUND: Aviation is a classic example of a high reliability organization (HRO)-an organization in which catastrophic events are expected to occur without control measures. As health care systems transition toward high reliability, aviation practices are increasingly transferred for clinical implementation. METHODS: A PubMed search using the terms aviation, crew resource management, and patient safety was undertaken. Manuscripts authored by physician pilots and accident investigation regulations were analyzed...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400716/evaluation-of-the-display-of-cognitive-state-feedback-to-drive-adaptive-task-sharing
#20
Michael C Dorneich, Břetislav Passinger, Christopher Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Jiři Vašek, Stephen D Whitlow, Martijn Beekhuyzen
This paper presents an adaptive system intended to address workload imbalances between pilots in future flight decks. Team performance can be maximized when task demands are balanced within crew capabilities and resources. Good communication skills enable teams to adapt to changes in workload, and include the balancing of workload between team members This work addresses human factors priorities in the aviation domain with the goal to develop concepts that balance operator workload, support future operator roles and responsibilities, and support new task requirements, while allowing operators to focus on the most safety critical tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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