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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910200/blue-skies-into-white-space-southern-african-responses-to-the-trans-african-flight-of-the-i-silver-queen-i-1920
#1
Tilman Dedering
The first trans-African flight from London to Cape Town in 1920 was feted by white observers as a major achievement in consolidating the links between South Africa and the British Empire. Probing the comments made by black and white contemporary observers on the meaning of the flight, this article explores the cultural and political connotations of aviation in a colonial and imperial setting. It emphasizes that the celebration of the superiority of Western technology as a tool in the consolidation of white minority rule was marked by white anxieties about African disobedience...
2018: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899311/duty-of-notification-and-aviation-safety-a-study-of-fatal-aviation-accidents-in-the-united-states-in-2015
#2
Alpo Vuorio, Bruce Budowle, Antti Sajantila, Tanja Laukkala, Ilkka Junttila, Stein E Kravik, Robin Griffiths
After the Germanwings accident, the French Safety Investigation Authority (BEA) recommended that the World Health Organization (WHO) and European Community (EC) develop clear rules for the duty of notification process. Aeromedical practitioners (AMEs) face a dilemma when considering the duty of notification and conflicts between pilot privacy and public and third-party safety. When balancing accountability, knowledge of the duty of notification process, legislation and the clarification of a doctor’s own set of values should be assessed a priori...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889961/survey-of-casualty-evacuation-missions-conducted-by-the-160th-special-operations-aviation-regiment-during-the-afghanistan-conflict
#3
Theodore T Redman, Kevin E Mayberry, Alejandra G Mora, Brock A Benedict, Elliot M Ross, Julian G Mapp, Russ S Kotwal
BACKGROUND: Historically, documentation of prehospital combat casualty care has been relatively nonexistent. Without documentation, performance improvement of prehospital care and evacuation through data collection, consolidation, and scientific analyses cannot be adequately accomplished. During recent conflicts, prehospital documentation has received increased attention for point-of-injury care as well as for care provided en route on medical evacuation platforms. However, documentation on casualty evacuation (CASEVAC) platforms is still lacking...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885728/automation-in-airport-security-x-ray-screening-of-cabin-baggage-examining-benefits-and-possible-implementations-of-automated-explosives-detection
#4
Nicole Hättenschwiler, Yanik Sterchi, Marcia Mendes, Adrian Schwaninger
Bomb attacks on civil aviation make detecting improvised explosive devices and explosive material in passenger baggage a major concern. In the last few years, explosive detection systems for cabin baggage screening (EDSCB) have become available. Although used by a number of airports, most countries have not yet implemented these systems on a wide scale. We investigated the benefits of EDSCB with two different levels of automation currently being discussed by regulators and airport operators: automation as a diagnostic aid with an on-screen alarm resolution by the airport security officer (screener) or EDSCB with an automated decision by the machine...
October 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861150/revisiting-the-association-for-professionals-in-infection-control-and-epidemiology-competency-model-for-the-infection-preventionist-an-evolving-conceptual-framework
#5
James Davis, Corrianne Billings, Charu Malik
This article reviews 2 models of skill acquisition, 1 from nursing and the other from aviation, and compares them to the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology Competency Model for the Infection Preventionist (IP). The authors explore the mental activity associated with competence and provide usable examples for IPs to further assess their own competence, and competence of IPs in their charge. This was done for the purpose of advancing and expanding upon the career stages within the field of infection prevention...
May 23, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860439/aviator-s-heart-a-case-of-athlete-s-heart-in-an-active-duty-male-naval-aviator
#6
Ilya V Ryaboy, James A Watts, Megan L Barnwell
Athlete's heart is the condition of cardiac remodeling as a result of physiologic stress induced by regular strenuous physical activity by professional or elite amateur individuals. The literature describes several characteristics of the athletic heart, including left ventricular hypertrophy, increased left ventricular mass, right ventricular dilatation, atrial enlargement, electrocardiographic changes, and abnormalities on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. We present a case of athletic heart in an exceptionally physically fit active duty naval aviator who experienced syncope and underwent extensive cardiac testing...
May 31, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849252/facial-baroparesis-mimicking-stroke
#7
Diann M Krywko, D Tyler Clare, Mohamad Orabi
We report a case of a 55-year-old male who experienced unilateral facial muscle paralysis upon ascent to altitude on a commercial airline flight, with resolution of symptoms shortly after descent. The etiology was determined to be facial nerve barotrauma, or facial baroparesis, which is a known but rarely reported complication of scuba diving, with even fewer cases reported related to aviation. The history and proposed pathogenesis of this unique disease process are described.
May 2018: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807261/estimating-the-number-of-airports-potentially-contaminated-with-perfluoroalkyl-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-from-aqueous-film-forming-foam-a-canadian-example
#8
Shawn A Milley, Iris Koch, Patricia Fortin, Jeremy Archer, David Reynolds, Kela P Weber
Assessing the extent to which emerging contaminants (ECs) such as perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been released into the environment is one of the foundations for developing effective management and remediation strategies for impacted sites. PFAS are known to have caused the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water as a result of aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) being accidentally or intentionally released into the environment. To date, the scope of the issue has not been evaluated in Canada...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793888/principles-of-automation-for-patient-safety-in-intensive-care-learning-from-aviation
#9
Jason Dominiczak, Lara Khansa
BACKGROUND: The transition away from written documentation and analog methods has opened up the possibility of leveraging data science and analytic techniques to improve health care. In the implementation of data science techniques and methodologies, high-acuity patients in the ICU can particularly benefit. The Principles of Automation for Patient Safety in Intensive Care (PASPIC) framework draws on Billings's principles of human-centered aviation (HCA) automation and helps in identifying the advantages, pitfalls, and unintended consequences of automation in health care...
June 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792465/team-development-interventions-evidence-based-approaches-for-improving-teamwork
#10
Christina N Lacerenza, Shannon L Marlow, Scott I Tannenbaum, Eduardo Salas
The rate of teamwork and collaboration within the workforce has burgeoned over the years, and the use of teams is projected to continue increasing. With the rise of teamwork comes the need for interventions designed to enhance teamwork effectiveness. Successful teams produce desired outcomes; however, it is critical that team members demonstrate effective processes to achieve these outcomes. Team development interventions (TDIs) increase effective team competencies and processes, thereby leading to improvements in proximal and distal outcomes...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792464/debriefs-teams-learning-from-doing-in-context
#11
Joseph A Allen, Roni Reiter-Palmon, John Crowe, Cliff Scott
Debriefs are a type of work meeting in which teams discuss, interpret, and learn from recent events during which they collaborated. In a variety of forms, debriefs are found across a wide range of organizational types and settings. Well-conducted debriefs can improve team effectiveness by 25% across a variety of organizations and settings. For example, the U.S. military adopted debriefs decades ago to promote learning and performance across the various services. Subsequently, debriefs have been introduced in the medical field, the fire service, aviation, education, and in a variety of organizational training and simulation environments...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789299/david-oliver-are-comparisons-between-acute-healthcare-and-the-aviation-industry-invidious
#12
David Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782533/shared-responsibility-for-managing-fatigue-hearing-the-pilots
#13
Jennifer L Zaslona, Karyn M O'Keeffe, T Leigh Signal, Philippa H Gander
In commercial aviation, fatigue is defined as a physiological state of reduced mental or physical performance capability resulting from sleep loss, extended wakefulness, circadian phase, and/or workload. The International Civil Aviation Organisation mandates that responsibility for fatigue risk management is shared between airline management, pilots, and support staff. However, to date, the majority of research relating to fatigue mitigations in long range operations has focused on the mitigations required or recommended by regulators and operators...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771813/exploring-validation-and-verification-how-they-different-and-what-they-mean-to-healthcare-simulation
#14
John Jacob Barnes, Mojca Remskar Konia
The healthcare simulation (HCS) community recognizes the importance of quality management because many novel simulation devices and techniques include some sort of description of how they tested and assured their simulation's quality. Verification and validation play a key role in quality management; however, literature published on HCS has many different interpretations of what these terms mean and how to accomplish them. The varied use of these terms leads to varied interpretations of how verification process is different from validation process...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759259/1-300-days-and-counting-a-risk-model-approach-to-preventing-retained-foreign-objects-rfos
#15
Erika G Duggan, Jimmy Fernandez, Mary May Saulan, Dave L Mayers, Mira Nikolaj, Tamara M Strah, Lystra M Swift, Larissa Temple
BACKGROUND: A retained foreign object (RFO) is a devastating surgical complication that typically results in additional surgeries, increased length of stay, and risk of infections and is potentially fatal. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) convened a multidisciplinary task force to undertake an improvement initiative to reduce the frequency of RFO incidents. METHODS: A needs assessment was undertaken using focus group interviews, review of past RFOs, and operating room (OR) observations, and a comprehensive intervention plan was initiated...
May 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757710/what-went-right-an-analysis-of-the-protective-factors-in-aviation-near-misses
#16
Brian Thoroman, Natassia Goode, Paul Salmon, Matthew Wooley
Learning from successful safety outcomes, or what went right, is an important emerging component of maintaining safe systems. Accordingly, there are increasing calls to study normal performance in near misses as part of safety management activities. Despite this, there is limited guidance on how to accomplish this in practice. This article presents a study in which using Rasmussen's risk management framework to analyse sixteen serious incidents from the aviation domain. The findings show that a network of protective factors prevents accidents with factors identified across the sociotechnical system...
May 14, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754203/prospective-analysis-of-decision-making-during-joint-cardiology-cardiothoracic-conference-in-treatment-of-107-consecutive-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#17
Sophie Duignan, Aedin Ryan, Dara O'Keeffe, Damien Kenny, Colin J McMahon
The complexity and potential biases involved in decision making have long been recognised and examined in both the aviation and business industries. More recently, the medical community have started to explore this concept and its particular importance in our field. Paediatric cardiology is a rapidly expanding field and for many of the conditions we treat, there is limited evidence available to support our decision-making. Variability exists within decision-making in paediatric cardiology and this may influence outcomes...
May 12, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753288/toxicity-of-carbon-nanomaterials-to-plants-animals-and-microbes-recent-progress-from-2015-present
#18
REVIEW
Ming Chen, Shuang Zhou, Yi Zhu, Yingzhu Sun, Guangming Zeng, Chunping Yang, Piao Xu, Ming Yan, Zhifeng Liu, Wei Zhang
Nanotechnology has gained significant development over the past decades, which led to the revolution in the fields of information, medicine, industry, food security and aerospace aviation. Nanotechnology has become a new research hot spot in the world. However, we cannot only pay attention to its benefit to the society and economy, because its wide use has been bringing potential environmental and health effects that should be noticed. This paper reviews the recent progress from 2015-present in the toxicity of various carbon nanomaterials to plants, animals and microbes, and lays the foundation for further study on the environmental and ecological risks of carbon nanomaterials...
May 4, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743777/implication-of-emotional-labor-cognitive-flexibility-and-relational-energy-among-cabin-crew-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Rithi Baruah, K Jayasankara Reddy
The primary aim of the civil aviation industry is to provide a secured and comfortable service to their customers and clients. This review concentrates on the cabin crew members, who are the frontline employees of the aviation industry and are salaried to smile. The objective of this review article is to analyze the variables of emotional labor, cognitive flexibility, and relational energy using the biopsychosocial model and identify organizational implications among cabin crew. Online databases such as EBSCOhost, JSTOR, Springerlink, and PubMed were used to gather articles for the review...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734496/impacts-of-biomass-production-at-civil-airports-on-grassland-bird-conservation-and-aviation-strike-risk
#20
Tara J Conkling, Jerrold L Belant, Travis L DeVault, James A Martin
Growing concerns about climate change, foreign oil dependency, and environmental quality have fostered interest in perennial native grasses (e.g., switchgrass [Panicum virgatum]) for bioenergy production while also maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function. However, biomass cultivation in marginal landscapes such as airport grasslands may have detrimental effects on aviation safety as well as conservation efforts for grassland birds. In 2011-2013, we investigated effects of vegetation composition and harvest frequency on seasonal species richness and habitat use of grassland birds and modeled relative abundance, aviation risk, and conservation value of birds associated with biomass crops...
March 8, 2018: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
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