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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931556/non-physician-health-workers-for-improving-adherence-to-medications-and-healthy-lifestyle-following-acute-coronary-syndrome-24-month-follow-up-study
#1
Krishna Kumar Sharma, Rajeev Gupta, Mukul Mathur, Vishnu Natani, Sailesh Lodha, Sanjeeb Roy, Denis Xavier
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate usefulness of non-physician health workers (NPHW) to improve adherence to medications and lifestyles following acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: We randomized 100 patients at hospital discharge following ACS to NPHW intervention (n=50) or standard care (n=50) in an open label study. NPHW was trained for interventions to improve adherence to medicines - antiplatelets, β-blockers, renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers and statins and healthy lifestyles...
November 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919348/hdl-function-is-impaired-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-independent-of-plasma-hdl-cholesterol-levels
#2
Wijtske Annema, Hendrik M Willemsen, Jan Freark de Boer, Arne Dikkers, Markus van der Giet, Wybe Nieuwland, Anneke C Muller Kobold, L Joost van Pelt, Riemer H J A Slart, Iwan C C van der Horst, Robin P F Dullaart, René A Tio, Uwe J F Tietge
BACKGROUND: High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) protect against the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. HDL function represents an emerging concept in cardiovascular research. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between HDL functionality and acute myocardial infarction (MI) independent of HDL-cholesterol plasma levels. METHODS: Participants (non-ST-segment elevation MI, non-STEMI, n = 41; STEMI, n = 37; non-MI patients, n = 33) from a prospective follow-up study enrolling patients with acute chest pain were matched for age and plasma HDL cholesterol...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912733/the-effect-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-on-habitual-physical-activity-in-older-patients
#3
Sarah J Charman, Vincent T van Hees, Louise Quinn, Joseph R Dunford, Bilal Bawamia, Murugapathy Veerasamy, Michael I Trenell, Djordje G Jakovljevic, Vijay Kunadian
BACKGROUND: Given the ongoing burden of cardiovascular disease and an ageing population, physical activity in patients with coronary artery disease needs to be emphasized. This study assessed whether sedentary behaviour and physical activity levels differed among older patients (≥75 years) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) consisting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non STEMI (NSTEMI) versus an elective admission control group of stable angina patients...
December 3, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790485/clinical-profile-with-angiographic-correlation-in-na%C3%A3-ve-acute-coronary-syndrome
#4
Vikas Agrawal, Balaji V Lohiya, Bhupendra K Sihag, Rajpal Prajapati
INTRODUCTION: Despite cardiovascular diseases having grown to epidemic proportions, there are few studies from India pertaining to Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS), more so from the region of Purvanchal which is less developed with more poverty. Our study is first of its kind in this region of patients presenting for the first time with ACS. AIM: The present study was undertaken to study the clinical and angiographic characteristics of ACS patients of Purvanchal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 100 patients admitted with ACS...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784613/ventricular-fibrillation-waveform-measures-and-the-etiology-of-cardiac-arrest
#5
Danelle Hidano, Jason Coult, Jennifer Blackwood, Carol Fahrenbruch, Heemun Kwok, Peter Kudenchuk, Thomas Rea
BACKGROUND: Early determination of the acute etiology of cardiac arrest could help guide resuscitation or post-resuscitation care. In experimental studies, quantitative measures of the ventricular fibrillation waveform distinguish ischemic from non-ischemic etiology. METHODS: We investigated whether waveform measures distinguished arrest etiology among adults treated by EMS for out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation between January 1, 2006-December 31, 2014. Etiology was classified using hospital information into three exclusive groups: acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), ACS without ST elevation (non-STEMI), or non-ischemic arrest...
December 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734075/efficacy-of-prasugrel-administration-immediately-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#6
Ulrike Flierl, Florian Zauner, Jan-Thorben Sieweke, Christine Berliner, L Christian Napp, Jochen Tillmanns, Johann Bauersachs, Andreas Schäfer
Prasugrel, a potent thienopyridine, achieves stronger inhibition of platelet activation than clopidogrel. However, onset of inhibition is significantly delayed in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), as haemodynamic instability and morphine application seem to exhibit significant influence. Since rapid onset of effect was demonstrated in non-STEMI patients when prasugrel was administered only after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without increasing cardiovascular event rates we assessed the efficacy of prasugrel loading immediately after PCI for STEMI instead of pre-loading before revascularisation...
October 13, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707615/prospective-controlled-cohort-study-of-troponin-i-levels-in-patients-undergoing-elective-spine-surgery-for-degenerative-conditions-prone-versus-supine-position
#7
A I Macfarlane, D Rudd, E Knight, L A G Marshman, E P Guazzo, D S Anderson
: Prior studies have suggested that elevated serum Troponin-I (TnI) levels immediately after non-cardiac surgical procedures (8-40%) represent subclinical cardiac stress which independently predicts increased 30-day mortality. Routine post-operative TnI monitoring has therefore been suggested as a standard of care. However, no prior studies have focussed on elective degenerative spine surgery, whilst few have measured pre-op TnI. Further, prolonged prone positioning could represent an additional, independent, cardiac stress...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687605/local-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-level-determines-early-clinical-presentation-of-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#8
Tsuyoshi Nishiguchi, Atsushi Tanaka, Akira Taruya, Hiroki Emori, Yuichi Ozaki, Makoto Orii, Yasutsugu Shiono, Kunihiro Shimamura, Takeyoshi Kameyama, Takashi Yamano, Tomoyuki Yamaguchi, Yoshiki Matsuo, Yasushi Ino, Takashi Kubo, Takeshi Hozumi, Yasushi Hayashi, Takashi Akasaka
OBJECTIVE: Early clinical presentation of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction affects patient management. Although local inflammatory activities are involved in the onset of MI, little is known about their impact on early clinical presentation. This study aimed to investigate whether local inflammatory activities affect early clinical presentation. APPROACH AND RESULTS: This study comprised 94 and 17 patients with MI (STEMI, 69; non-STEMI, 25) and stable angina pectoris, respectively...
December 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627645/the-relationship-between-grace-score-and-epicardial-fat-thickness-in-non-stemi-patients
#9
Levent Cerit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574379/spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-one-disease-variable-presentations-and-different-management-approaches
#10
REVIEW
Abdel Rahman A Al Emam, Ahmed Almomani, Syed A Gilani, Wissam I Khalife
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. It occurs predominantly among younger females, typically in the absence of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Presentations vary greatly and this condition can be fatal. Given its rarity, there are no management guidelines. We present six patients with SCAD with different presentations and treatment approaches as examples in our literature review. Two patients presented with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), two with non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and two with cardiac arrest...
September 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574333/impact-of-initial-hospital-diagnosis-on-mortality-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-national-cohort-study
#11
Jianhua Wu, Chris P Gale, Marlous Hall, Tatendashe B Dondo, Elizabeth Metcalfe, Ged Oliver, Phil D Batin, Harry Hemingway, Adam Timmis, Robert M West
AIMS: Early and accurate diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction is central to successful treatment and improved outcomes. We aimed to investigate the impact of the initial hospital diagnosis on mortality for patients with acute myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cohort study using data from the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project of patients discharged with a final diagnosis of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, n=221,635) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI, n=342,777) between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2013 in all acute hospitals (n = 243) in England and Wales...
August 29, 2016: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570759/validity-and-utility-of-icd-10-administrative-health-data-for-identifying-st-and-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-based-on-physician-chart-review
#12
Alka B Patel, Hude Quan, Robert C Welsh, Jessica Deckert-Sookram, Wayne Tymchak, Sunil Sookram, Ian Surdhar, Padma Kaul
BACKGROUND: Health care administrative databases are useful for assessing the population-level burden of disease and examining issues related to access, costs and quality of care. In these databases, the diagnoses and procedures are coded with the use of the World Health Organization International Classification of Diseases (ICD). We examined the validity of 2 ICD-10 coding definitions for categorizing patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) as having ST-elevation MI (STEMI) or non-ST-elevation MI (non-STEMI)...
October 2015: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558233/unfractionated-heparin-or-low-molecular-weight-heparin-in-the-elderly
#13
REVIEW
Maria Dorobantu, Stefan Bogdan
With the ageing of the general population, clinicians are facing with increased frequency the challenge of administering parenteral anti-coagulation therapy in the elderly, the main indications being venous thromboembolism (VTE), acute coronary syndromes (ACS), atrial fibrillation and bridging therapy. Assessing the risk/benefit ratio is always difficult in this category of patients, because of the higher risk for hemorrhagic events, although in most cases the benefit outweighs the risk, especially in the setting of VTE...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541822/treatment-outcomes-and-adherence-to-medication-regimens-among-dual-medicare-medicaid-eligible-adults-with-myocardial-infarction
#14
Jacob A Doll, Anne S Hellkamp, Abhinav Goyal, Nadia R Sutton, Eric D Peterson, Tracy Y Wang
Importance: Patients with dual Medicare-Medicaid eligibility have a higher burden of chronic disease conditions and increased health care utilization compared with patients with Medicare coverage alone, but the treatment patterns and outcomes of dual-eligible patients with myocardial infarction (MI) are unknown. Objective: To examine the association of dual-eligible status with clinical outcomes and adherence to medication regimens (hereinafter "medication adherence") among older adults after MI...
August 17, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530189/optimal-anticoagulation-prior-to-cath-bivalirudin-vs-heparin-the-saga-continues%C3%A2
#15
EDITORIAL
Jorge A Belardi, Mariano Albertal
During the pre-procedural (medication) phase, the use of bivalirudin monotherapy is associated with the lowest rate of bleeding in patients with Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (Non-STEMI) undergoing an early invasive strategy. Monotherapy with either bivalirudin or unfractionated heparin (UFH) appear interchangeable in this setting. The use of GPI upstream with either drug should be discouraged due to an increased risk of bleeding and net adverse events. The use of low dose aspirin plus potent P2Y12 inhibitors followed by a transradial approach with implantation of drug-eluting coronary stents with fluorinated polymers represents an strategy that may help limit perioperative ischemic and hemorrhagic complications in these individuals...
August 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491603/prognostic-impact-of-chronic%C3%A2-total%C3%A2-occlusions-a-report-from-scaar-swedish-coronary-angiography-and-angioplasty-registry
#16
Truls Råmunddal, Loes P Hoebers, José P S Henriques, Christian Dworeck, Oskar Angerås, Jacob Odenstedt, Dan Ioanes, Göran Olivecrona, Jan Harnek, Ulf Jensen, Mikael Aasa, Per Albertsson, Hans Wedel, Elmir Omerovic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic impact of chronic total occlusion (CTO) on long-term mortality in a large prospective cohort. BACKGROUND: CTO is present in many patients with coronary artery disease and is difficult to treat with percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: The study population consisted of all consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography in Sweden between January 1, 2005 and January 1, 2012, who were registered in SCAAR (Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry)...
August 8, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465006/treatment-of-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-process-analysis-of-patient-and-program-factors-in-a-teaching-hospital
#17
Benjamin I Shepple, William A Thistlethwaite, Christopher L Schumann, Kwame O Akosah, Robert C Schutt, Ellen C Keeley
As part of a quality improvement project, we performed a process analysis to evaluate how patients presenting with type 1 non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are diagnosed and managed early after the diagnosis has been made. We performed a retrospective chart review and collected detailed information regarding the timing of the first 12-lead electrocardiogram, troponin order entry and first positive troponin result, administration of anticoagulation and antiplatelet medications, and referral for coronary angiography to identify areas of treatment variability and delay...
September 2016: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448533/delays-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-focus-on-pre-hospital-delays-and-non-st-elevated-myocardial-infarction
#18
REVIEW
K A Mol, B M Rahel, J G Meeder, B C A M van Casteren, P A Doevendans, M J M Cramer
Delays in patients suspected of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) should be kept as short as possible to reduce complications and mortality. In this review we discuss the substantial pre-hospital delays of ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients as well as non-STEMI patients. The pre-hospital delays include patient, doctor and emergency medical transport (EMT) delay. Patient delay is among the longest in the pre-hospital chain of ACS patients. Interventions as mass media campaigns or individual education programs have not yet shown much improvement...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443472/pre-and-in-hospital-antithrombotic-management-patterns-and-in-hospital-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-data-from-the-turkish-arm-of-the-epicor-study
#19
Fatih Sinan Ertaş, Lale Tokgözoğlu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acute phase (pre- and in-hospital) antithrombotic management patterns (AMPs) and in-hospital outcomes for patients hospitalized with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: In total, 1034 patients [514 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 520 with unstable angina/non-STEMI (UA/NSTEMI)] hospitalized for ACS within 24 h of symptom onset were included in this multicenter prospective registry study conducted at 34 hospitals across Turkey...
June 29, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439686/plasma-emmprin-levels-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#20
Mehmet N Akkus, Adil Ormam, Sabri Seyis, Çagdas Baran, Aysegül Görür, Mehmet N Bilen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the plasma levels of soluble extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) differed among the patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI) and stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and the healthy controls, and to identify the factors associated with the differences in plasma levels of this this protein among patients in these groups. METHODS: Plasma EMMPRIN levels were compared among four age- and sex-matched groups of patients with STEMI, NSTEMI and stable CAD and healthy controls (n=44 per group), then logistic regression and correlation analyses were conducted for the whole acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients group...
2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
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