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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220823/patterns-of-progressive-atrophy-vary-with-age-in-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#1
Cassidy M Fiford, Gerard R Ridgway, David M Cash, Marc Modat, Jennifer Nicholas, Emily N Manning, Ian B Malone, Geert Jan Biessels, Sebastien Ourselin, Owen T Carmichael, M Jorge Cardoso, Josephine Barnes
Age is not only the greatest risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) but also a key modifier of disease presentation and progression. Here, we investigate how longitudinal atrophy patterns vary with age in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD. Data comprised serial longitudinal 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging scans from 153 AD, 339 MCI, and 191 control subjects. Voxel-wise maps of longitudinal volume change were obtained and aligned across subjects. Local volume change was then modeled in terms of diagnostic group and an interaction between group and age, adjusted for total intracranial volume, white-matter hyperintensity volume, and apolipoprotein E genotype...
November 14, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209487/first-steps-of-laparoscopic-surgery-in-a-sub-saharan-african-setting-a-nine-month-review-at-the-douala-gynaeco-obstetric-and-pediatric-hospital-cameroon
#2
J T Fouogue, F Y Fouelifack, J H Fouedjio, R Tchounzou, Z Sando, E T Mboudou
Objectives: To describe the first laparoscopic surgeries in a tertiary hospital in Cameroon. Methods: We carried out a descriptive study at the Douala Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital (DGOPH). We examined the files of the 45 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery from November 1, 2015 to July 31, 2016. Descriptive statistics were computed for patients' characteristics and surgical parameters. Results: Mean (SD) age was 36.8(11...
June 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187788/scolytinae-in-hazelnut-orchards-of-turkey-clarification-of-species-and-identification-key-coleoptera-curculionidae
#3
Celal Tuncer, Milos Knizek, Juri Hulcr
Hazelnut, a very important cash crop in Turkey, is frequently colonized by bark and ambrosia beetle species (Scolytinae). Some scolytine species may cause economic damage while other species do not; therefore, proper identification is important in orchard management. Extensive sampling demonstrated that the most common pest species in Turkey's hazelnut orchards are Anisandrus dispar, Xylosandrus germanus, and Xyleborinus saxesenii. Hypothenemus eruditus can also be common, but only colonizes branches that are already dead...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172807/impact-of-coping-strategies-on-perceived-stress-depression-and-cortisol-profiles-among-gynecologic-cancer-patients
#4
Chelsea Siwik, Allison Hicks, Kala Phillips, Whitney N Rebholz, Lauren A Zimmaro, Inka Weissbecker, Elizabeth Cash, Sandra E Sephton
We explored associations between problem-focused, emotional processing, and emotional expression coping strategies and markers of stress including perceived stress, depressive symptoms, and diurnal cortisol profiles among women with gynecologic cancer. Problem-focused coping was associated with less perceived stress, fewer depressive symptoms, and more rhythmic diurnal salivary cortisol profiles. Emotional processing was associated with lower perceived stress and fewer depressive symptoms. Emotional expression was associated with fewer depressive symptoms and elevated diurnal mean and evening cortisol levels...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156248/the-symbolic-violence-of-outbreak-a-mixed-methods-quasi-experimental-impact-evaluation-of-social-protection-on-ebola-survivor-wellbeing
#5
Eugene T Richardson, J Daniel Kelly, Osman Sesay, Michael D Drasher, Ishaan K Desai, Raphael Frankfurter, Paul E Farmer, Mohamed Bailor Barrie
Despite over 28,000 reported cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the 2013-16 outbreak in West Africa, we are only beginning to trace the complex biosocial processes that have promoted its spread. Important questions remain, including the effects on survivors of clinical sequelae, loss of family and livelihood, and other psychological and social trauma. Another poorly understood question is what effect social protection and job creation programs have had on survivors' wellbeing. Several clinical and social protection programs have been developed to respond to the needs of EVD survivors; however, little in the way of impact evaluation has taken place...
November 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112693/comparison-of-two-cash-transfer-strategies-to-prevent-catastrophic-costs-for-poor-tuberculosis-affected-households-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-economic-modelling-study
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
William E Rudgard, Carlton A Evans, Sedona Sweeney, Tom Wingfield, Knut Lönnroth, Draurio Barreira, Delia Boccia
BACKGROUND: Illness-related costs for patients with tuberculosis (TB) ≥20% of pre-illness annual household income predict adverse treatment outcomes and have been termed "catastrophic." Social protection initiatives, including cash transfers, are endorsed to help prevent catastrophic costs. With this aim, cash transfers may either be provided to defray TB-related costs of households with a confirmed TB diagnosis (termed a "TB-specific" approach); or to increase income of households with high TB risk to strengthen their economic resilience (termed a "TB-sensitive" approach)...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079249/code-conversion-impact-factor-and-cash-flow-impact-of-international-classification-of-diseases-10th-revision-on-a-large-multihospital-radiology-practice
#7
Aryan Jalilvand, Margaret Fleming, Courtney Moreno, Dan MacFarlane, Richard Duszak
PURPOSE: The 2015 conversion of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) system from the ninth revision (ICD-9) to the 10th revision (ICD-10) was widely projected to adversely impact physician practices. We aimed to assess code conversion impact factor (CCIF) projections and revenue delay impact to help radiology groups better prepare for eventual conversion to ICD, 11th revision (ICD-11). METHODS: Studying 673,600 claims for 179 radiologists for the first year after ICD-10's implementation, we identified primary ICD-10 codes for the top 90th percentile of all examinations for the entire enterprise and each subspecialty division...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047365/the-weight-of-work-the-association-between-maternal-employment-and-overweight-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Vanessa M Oddo, Sara N Bleich, Keshia M Pollack, Pamela J Surkan, Noel T Mueller, Jessica C Jones-Smith
BACKGROUND: Maternal employment has increased in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC) and is a hypothesized risk factor for maternal overweight due to increased income and behavioral changes related to time allocation. However, few studies have investigated this relationship in LMIC. METHODS: Using cross-sectional samples from Demographic and Health Surveys, we investigated the association between maternal employment and overweight (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) among women in 38 LMIC (N = 162,768)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037471/a-behavioral-economic-approach-to-improving-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#9
Rachel Caskey, E Grace Sherman, Kera Beskin, Rebecca Rapport, Yinglin Xia, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to measure the impact of a behavioral economic intervention on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine initiation and series completion rates for adolescents and to measure the impact of the intervention on the receipt of a nonincentivized influenza vaccine. METHODS: We conducted a quasi-randomized trial to compare the impact of an escalating delayed cash incentive (intervention), compared with usual care (control), on HPV vaccination initiation and series completion rates among adolescents (11-17 years) at an urban medical center...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992388/impact-of-nutrition-interventions-on-pediatric-mortality-and-nutrition-outcomes-in-humanitarian-emergencies
#10
REVIEW
Kamna S Balhara, David M Silvestri, W Tyler Winders, Anand Selvam, Sean M Kivlehan, Torben K Becker, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition contributes to pediatric morbidity and mortality in disasters and complex emergencies, but summary data describing specific nutritional interventions in these settings are lacking. This systematic review aims to characterize such interventions and their effects on pediatric mortality, anthropometric measures, and serum markers of nutrition. METHODS: A systematic search of OVID Medline, Cochrane Library, and relevant grey literature was conducted...
October 9, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988766/estimation-of-the-future-remnant-liver-function-is-a-better-tool-to-predict-post-hepatectomy-liver-failure-than-platelet-based-liver-scores
#11
T Chapelle, B Op de Beeck, A Driessen, G Roeyen, B Bracke, V Hartman, I Huyghe, S Morrison, D Ysebaert, S Francque
INTRODUCTION: Recently, there has been increasing interest in the preoperative prediction and prevention of post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF). This is a particular concern in colorectal liver metastases (CRLM), when surgery follows potentially hepatotoxic chemotherapy. Platelet-based liver scores (PBLS) such as APRI and FIB-4 are predictive of chemotherapy-associated liver injury (CALI) and PHLF. Estimation of the future liver remnant function (eFLRF) by combining (99m)Tc-Mebrofenin Hepatobiliary Scintigraphy (HBS(BSA)) with future liver remnant volume ratio (FLRV%), is predictive of PHLF and related mortality...
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985155/exploring-the-relationship-between-autistic-traits-and-body-image-body-satisfaction-and-body-competence
#12
Alek Krumm, F Richard Ferraro, Brita Ingvalson
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been linked to bodily disorders (anorexia nervosa, obesity), and individuals with ASD are known to experience unique bodily states (e.g., exaggerated interoceptive sensitivity). Though there is evidence to suggest body variables may significantly impact quality of life in those with ASD, research has yet to examine the potential relationship between ASD and body image variables, that is, the evaluation of one's body. The present study examined 80 healthy college students (40 male, 40 female) who completed an online set of questionnaires regarding body image and satisfaction, body competency, depression, anxiety, and autistic traits (Autism Spectrum Quotient, or AQ) (Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, Skinner, Martin, & Clubley, 2001 )...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966338/who-opts-out-of-a-project-for-health-promotion-with-incentives-empirical-research-on-the-effect-of-rewards-to-motivate-persistence
#13
Shohei Okamoto, Kohei Komamura, Kai Tanabe, Noriko Yokoyama, Akiko Tsukao, Shoko Chijiki, Shinya Kuno
Objectives Although providing incentives for a better lifestyle has been of increasing concern, there is insufficient evidence about its effect. Therefore, this research aims to discover new insights by verifying the effect of rewards to motivate persistence in a project for health promotion.Methods A total of 7,622 participants of an incentivized project for health promotion (Wellness Point Project) were recruited from 6 municipalities in Japan, namely Tohoku, Chubu, Kanto, Kinki, and Chugoku, of which the 4,291 individuals who had the necessary information for estimation were analyzed...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934080/could-ebt-machines-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-purchases-at-new-york-city-green-carts
#14
Andrew Breck, Kamila Kiszko, Olivia Martinez, Courtney Abrams, Brian Elbel
INTRODUCTION: Residents of some low-income neighborhoods have limited access to fresh fruits and vegetables. In 2008, New York City issued new mobile fruit and vegetable cart licenses for neighborhoods with inadequate availability of fresh produce. Some of these carts were equipped with electronic benefit transfer (EBT) machines, allowing them to accept Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits. This article examines the association between type and quantities of fruits and vegetables purchased from mobile fruit and vegetable vendors and consumer characteristics, including payment method...
September 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913174/research-ethics-committees-in-the-pacific-islands-gaps-and-opportunities-for-health-sector-strengthening
#15
J T Denholm, K Bissell, K Viney, A M Durand, H L Cash, C Roseveare, O E Merilles, A D Harries, S Biribo
There has been a range of developments in recent years to stimulate increasing public health research activity throughout the Pacific. Development of local capacity for ethics committee review and oversight is, however, frequently underdeveloped. This is reflected in the number of Pacific Island nations where ethics committees have not been established or where only informal processes exist for ethics review and oversight. This is problematic for the optimal development of relevant and culturally appropriate research, and building up local ethics committees should be part of continued research development in the Pacific...
March 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912544/development-of-chloroplast-genome-resources-for-peanut-arachis-hypogaea-l-and-other-species-of-arachis
#16
Dongmei Yin, Yun Wang, Xingguo Zhang, Xingli Ma, Xiaoyan He, Jianhang Zhang
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important oilseed and cash crop worldwide. Wild Arachis spp. are potental sources of novel genes for the genetic improvement of cultivated peanut. Understanding the genetic relationships with cultivated peanut is important for the efficient use of wild species in breeding programmes. However, for this genus, only a few genetic resources have been explored so far. In this study, new chloroplast genomic resources have been developed for the genus Arachis based on whole chloroplast genomes from seven species that were sequenced using next-generation sequencing technologies...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894547/a-novel-therapy-for-cocaine-dependence-during-abstinence-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Bijan Pirnia, Ali Reza Moradi, Kambiz Pirnia, Parisa Kolahi, Rasool Roshan
BACKGROUND: Topiramate is an anticonvulsant drug and an ideal candidate for reducing the craving in people relying on cocaine. Contingency management is one of the common therapies in the domain of addiction. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate and compare three medication methods of Topiramate (TPM), Contingency Management (CM) and the combined TPM treatment and cash intervention on craving during abstinence. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at Bijan Center for Substance Abuse Treatment in Tehran, Iran, from December 15, 2014 to November 20, 2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878428/elimination-of-guinea-worm-disease-in-ethiopia-current-status-of-the-disease-s-eradication-strategies-and-challenges-to-the-end-game
#18
Habtamu Bedimo Beyene, Abyot Bekele, Amanu Shifara, Yehenew A Ebstie, Zelalem Desalegn, Zeyede Kebede, Abate Mulugeta, Kebede Deribe, Zerihun Tadesse, Tamrat Abebe, Biruck Kebede, Getaneh Abrha, Daddi Jima
Dracunculiasis, also named Guinea Worm Disease (GWD), is one of the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) caused by a parasitic nematode known as Dracunculus medinensis and has been known since antiquity as 'fiery serpent' from Israelites. It is transmitted to humans via drinking contaminated water containing infective copepods. Given, its feasibility for eradication, the Guinea Worm Eradication Program (GWEP) was launched in 1980 with the aim of eradicating the disease. Since its inception, GWEP has made an extraordinary progress in interrupting transmission...
2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840823/availability-of-low-fat-milk-and-produce-in-small-and-mid-sized-grocery-stores-after-2014-wic-final-rule-changes-tennessee
#19
David Schlundt, Chiquita Briley, Barbara Canada, Jessica L Jones, Baqar A Husaini, Janice S Emerson, Pamela C Hull
INTRODUCTION: The 2007 Interim Rule mandated changes to food packages in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) for implementation by 2009. The 2014 Final Rule required additional changes, including increasing the cash value voucher for fruits and vegetables from $6 to $8 for children by June 2014, and allowing only low-fat (1%) or nonfat milk for mothers and children aged 2 to 4 years by October 2014. This study evaluated the effect of the 2014 Final Rule changes on the food environment of small and mid-sized WIC-authorized grocery stores...
August 24, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838751/effects-of-a-parenting-program-among-women-who-began-childbearing-as-adolescents-and-young-adults
#20
Rose M C Kagawa, Julianna Deardorff, Armando García-Guerra, Heather A Knauer, Lourdes Schnaas, Lynnette M Neufeld, Lia C H Fernald
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine whether access to an at-scale, group-based parenting education program ("Educación Inicial") had differential effects on parenting behaviors and child cognitive development according to mother's age at the birth of her first child, with a focus on adolescent mothers in rural Mexico. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a cluster-randomized controlled trial (n = 728 households, n = 106 communities). We conducted intent-to-treat analyses and examined the interaction between treatment group and mother's age at first birth...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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