keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cash only

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644568/smiling-faces-and-cash-bonuses-exploring-common-affective-coding-across-positive-and-negative-emotional-and-motivational-stimuli-using-fmri
#1
Haeme R P Park, Mariam Kostandyan, C Nico Boehler, Ruth M Krebs
Although it is clear that emotional and motivational manipulations yield a strong influence on cognition and behaviour, these domains have mostly been investigated in independent research lines. Therefore, it remains poorly understood how far these affective manipulations overlap in terms of their underlying neural activations, especially in light of previous findings that suggest a shared valence mechanism across multiple affective processing domains (e.g., monetary incentives, primary rewards, emotional events)...
April 11, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604153/agricultural-diversification-as-an-important-strategy-for-achieving-food-security-in-africa
#2
Katharina Waha, Mark T van Wijk, Steffen Fritz, Linda See, Philip K Thornton, Jannike Wichern, Mario Herrero
Farmers in Africa have long adapted to climatic and other risks by diversifying their farming activities. Using a multi-scale approach we explore the relationship between farming diversity and food security and the diversification potential of African agriculture and its limits on the household and continental scale. On the household scale we use agricultural surveys from more than 28,000 households located in 18 African countries. In a next step we use the relationship between rainfall, rainfall variability and farming diversity to determine the available diversification options for farmers on the continental scale...
March 31, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584890/effectiveness-of-an-anger-intervention-for-military-members-with-ptsd-a-clinical-case-series
#3
Richard Cash, Tracey Varker, Tony McHugh, Olivia Metcalf, Alexandra Howard, Delyth Lloyd, Jacqueline Costello, David Said, David Forbes
Objective: Problematic anger is a significant clinical issue in military personnel, and is further complicated by comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite increasing numbers of military personnel returning from deployment with anger and aggression difficulties, the treatment of problematic anger has received scant attention. There are currently no interventions that directly target problematic anger in the context of military-related PTSD. The aim of this case series is to examine the effectiveness of an intervention specifically developed for treating problematic anger in current serving military personnel with comorbid PTSD...
March 23, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581205/a-cross-sectional-study-of-all-clinicians-conflict-of-interest-disclosures-to-nhs-hospital-employers-in-england-2015-2016
#4
Harriet Ruth Feldman, Nicholas J DeVito, Jonathan Mendel, David E Carroll, Ben Goldacre
OBJECTIVE: We set out to document how NHS trusts in the UK record and share disclosures of conflict of interest by their employees. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of responses to a Freedom of Information Act request for Gifts and Hospitality Registers. SETTING: NHS Trusts (secondary/tertiary care organisations) in England. PARTICIPANTS: 236 Trusts were contacted, of which 217 responded. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We assessed all disclosures for completeness and openness, scoring them for achieving each of five measures of transparency...
March 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565793/-buying-in-and-cashing-out-patients-experience-and-the-refusal-of-life-prolonging-treatment
#5
Nathan Scheiner, Joan Liaschenko
Surgical "buy-in" is an "informal contract between surgeon and patient in which the patient not only consents to the operative procedure but commits to the post-operative surgical care anticipated by the surgeon." Surgeons routinely assume that patients wish to undergo treatment for operative complications so that the overall treatment course is "successful," as in the treatment of a post-operative infection. This article examines occasions when patients buy-in to a treatment course that carries risk of complication, yet refuse treatment when complications arise...
2018: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543739/effect-of-a-conditional-cash-transfer-program-on-nutritional-knowledge-and-food-practices-among-caregivers-of-3-5-year-old-left-behind-children-in-the-rural-hunan-province
#6
Yefu Zhang, Meimei Ji, Jiaojiao Zou, Tong Yuan, Jing Deng, Lina Yang, Mingzhi Li, Hong Qin, Jihua Chen, Qian Lin
Left-behind children (LBC) are a unique population in China, whose numbers have increased dramatically in recent years. Most caregivers of left-behind children (CLBC) are grandparents who lack knowledge about proper nutrition and food practice, putting LBC at greater risk for malnutrition. A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried to assess the effectiveness of the conditional cash transfer (CCT) program. Forty rural villages from Fenghuang County and Pingjiang County of Hunan province were selected...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522702/disparities-in-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-among-pacific-islanders-in-the-commonwealth-of-the-northern-mariana-islands
#7
Rica Dela Cruz, Jeanolivia Grant, Julia E Heck, Haley L Cash
INTRODUCTION: Although other studies have found evidence for perinatal health disparities among Pacific Islanders in other regions, no studies have evaluated racial/ethnic disparities in adverse perinatal health outcomes in the small US island territory of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). METHODS: We used retrospective cohort data on 8,427 singleton births from 2007 to 2014 at the Commonwealth Healthcare Corporation (CHCC), the only hospital in the CNMI...
March 8, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467053/randomized-control-trials-demonstrate-that-nutrition-sensitive-social-protection-interventions-increase-the-use-of-multiple-micronutrient-powders-and-iron-supplements-in-rural-pre-school-bangladeshi-children
#8
John Hoddinott, Akhter Ahmed, Shalini Roy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a nutrition-sensitive social protection intervention on mothers' knowledge of Fe deficiency, awareness of multiple-micronutrient powders (MMP) and the consumption of MMP and other Fe supplements by their children aged 6-59 months. DESIGN: Two randomized controlled trials with treatment arms including cash transfers, food transfers, cash and food transfers, cash and nutrition behaviour change communication (BCC), and food and nutrition BCC were implemented over two years...
February 22, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449429/heterogeneous-origins-of-human-sleep-spindles-in-different-cortical-layers
#9
Donald J Hagler, Istvan Ulbert, Lucia Wittner, Lorand Erőss, Joseph R Madsen, Orrin Devinsky, Werner Doyle, Daniel Fabo, Sydney S Cash, Eric Halgren
Sleep spindles are a cardinal feature in human NREM sleep and may be important for memory consolidation. We studied the intracortical organization of spindles in men and women by recording spontaneous sleep spindles from different cortical layers using linear microelectrode arrays. Two patterns of spindle generation were identified using visual inspection, and confirmed with factor analysis. Spindles (10-16Hz) were largest and most common in upper and middle channels, with limited involvement of deep channels...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439689/acceptability-of-financial-incentives-for-maintenance-of-weight-loss-in-mid-older-adults-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Bronwyn McGill, Blythe J O'Hara, Anne C Grunseit, Adrian Bauman, Dale Osborne, Luke Lawler, Philayrath Phongsavan
BACKGROUND: Health insurers worldwide implement financial incentive schemes to encourage health-related behaviours, including to facilitate weight loss. The maintenance of weight loss is a public health challenge, and as non-communicable diseases become more prevalent with increasing age, mid-older adults could benefit from programs which motivate weight loss maintenance. However, little is understood about their perceptions of using financial incentives to maintain weight loss. METHODS: We used mixed methods to explore the attitudes and views of participants who had completed an Australian weight loss and lifestyle modification program offered to overweight and obese health insurance members with weight-related chronic diseases, about the acceptability and usefulness of different types of financial incentives to support weight loss maintenance...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435673/an-eco-efficient-and-economical-optimum-evaluation-technique-for-the-forest-road-networks-the-case-of-the-mountainous-forest-of-metsovo-greece
#11
Stergios Tampekis, Fani Samara, Stavros Sakellariou, Athanassios Sfougaris, Olga Christopoulou
The sustainable forest management can be achieved only through environmentally sound and economically efficient and feasible forest road networks and transportation systems that can potentially improve the multi-functional use of forest resources. However, road network planning and construction suggest long-term finance that require a capital investment (cash outflow), which would be equal to the value of the total revenue flow (cash inflow) over the whole lifecycle project. This paper emphasizes in an eco-efficient and economical optimum evaluation method for the forest road networks in the mountainous forest of Metsovo, Greece...
February 12, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414145/factors-affecting-subjective-appearance-evaluations-among-patients-with-congenital-craniofacial-conditions-an-application-of-cash-s-cognitive-behavioural-model-of-body-image-development
#12
REVIEW
Kristin Billaud Feragen, Nicola Marie Stock
Satisfaction with appearance is of central importance for psychological well-being and health. For individuals with an unusual appearance, such as congenital craniofacial anomalies (CFA), appearance evaluations could be especially important. However, few, if any papers have presented a comprehensive synthesis of the factors found to affect subjective satisfaction with appearance among children, adolescents, and adults born with a CFA. Further, only a handful of craniofacial studies have applied psychological theories or models to their findings, resulting in an overall lack of guidance for researchers in the field...
January 30, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387175/patient-preferences-for-types-of-community-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-programme
#13
Shermain Chia, Xin Yi Wong, Min Li Toon, Yi Seah, Angela Frances Yap, Cindy Lim, Hung Yong Tay, Warren Fong, Lian Leng Low, Yu Heng Kwan
Introduction: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves mortality, morbidity and quality of life of cardiovascular patients. However, its uptake is poor especially in the hospitals due to long travel distances and office hours constraints. Community-based CR is a possible solution. Objectives: To understand the type of community-based CR preferred and identify patient characteristics associated with certain programme combinations. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to a randomised list of patients at risk for or with cardiovascular diseases at two community-based CR centres...
2018: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368578/human-rights-and-political-crisis-in-brazil-public-health-impacts-and-challenges
#14
Monica Malta
In 31 August 2016, Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff was impeached and replaced by her vice president Michel Temer. Herein, we examine how the conservative agenda of Mr Temer and his supporters is influencing key decisions in the human rights and public health arena in Brazil. The government's austerity agenda includes severe cuts in critical areas such as health, education and science, jeopardising well-known strategies such as the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS) and nationwide cash transfer program, 'Bolsa Familia' - both benefited millions and were the largest of their kind in the world...
January 25, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334885/2016-united-kingdom-national-guideline-on-the-sexual-health-care-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#15
Dan Clutterbuck, David Asboe, Tristan Barber, Carol Emerson, Nigel Field, Stuart Gibson, Gwenda Hughes, Rachael Jones, Martin Murchie, Achyuta V Nori, Michael Rayment, Ann Sullivan
This guideline is intended for use in UK Genitourinary medicine clinics and sexual health services but is likely to be of relevance in all sexual health settings, including general practice and Contraception and Sexual Health (CASH) services, where men who have sex with men (MSM) seek sexual health care or where addressing the sexual health needs of MSM may have public health benefits. For the purposes of this document, MSM includes all gay, bisexual and all other males who have sex with other males and both cis and trans men...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314094/empowering-the-poor-a-field-study-of-the-social-psychological-consequences-of-receiving-autonomy-or-dependency-aid-in-panama
#16
Katherina Alvarez, Esther van Leeuwen, Esteban Montenegro-Montenegro, Mark van Vugt
This field study investigated the consequences of receiving poverty aid through conditional transfer programmes in the form of autonomy-oriented help (i.e., cash) or dependency-oriented help (i.e., vouchers) in impoverished rural communities in Panama. The empowering effects of autonomy- (vs. dependency-) help have so far only been studied in laboratory settings, or in settings where help could easily be refused. Little is known about the reactions of people who rely on help for extended periods of time. This study provides insights into how aid recipients are influenced by the type of aid they receive...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294978/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-women-s-past-year-physical-ipv-perpetration-and-victimization-in-tanzania
#17
Bianka M Reese, May S Chen, Manali Nekkanti, Marta I Mulawa
Recent studies of intimate partner violence (IPV) in high-resource countries suggest that men and women may perpetrate similar rates of violence against their partners, yet the prevalence and etiology of female-perpetrated IPV, especially in comparison with IPV victimization among females, remains largely understudied in low-resource, high-prevalence countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Using multivariate logistic regression models, the current study examines the prevalence of and risk factors associated with past 12-month experiences of isolated physical IPV perpetration (i...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245022/cost-effective-way-to-reduce-stimulant-abuse-among-gay-bisexual-men-and-transgender-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-a-cost-comparison
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S X Zhang, S Shoptaw, C J Reback, K Yadav, A M Nyamathi
OBJECTIVES: A randomized controlled study was conducted with 422 homeless, stimulant-using gay/bisexual (G/B) men and 29 transgender women (n = 451) to assess two community-based interventions to reduce substance abuse and improve health: (a) a nurse case-managed program combined with contingency management (NCM + CM) versus (b) standard education plus contingency management (SE + CM). STUDY DESIGN: Hypotheses tested included: a) completion of hepatitis A/B vaccination series; b) reduction in stimulant use; and c) reduction in number of sexual partners...
January 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220823/patterns-of-progressive-atrophy-vary-with-age-in-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#19
Cassidy M Fiford, Gerard R Ridgway, David M Cash, Marc Modat, Jennifer Nicholas, Emily N Manning, Ian B Malone, Geert Jan Biessels, Sebastien Ourselin, Owen T Carmichael, M Jorge Cardoso, Josephine Barnes
Age is not only the greatest risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) but also a key modifier of disease presentation and progression. Here, we investigate how longitudinal atrophy patterns vary with age in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD. Data comprised serial longitudinal 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging scans from 153 AD, 339 MCI, and 191 control subjects. Voxel-wise maps of longitudinal volume change were obtained and aligned across subjects. Local volume change was then modeled in terms of diagnostic group and an interaction between group and age, adjusted for total intracranial volume, white-matter hyperintensity volume, and apolipoprotein E genotype...
March 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209487/first-steps-of-laparoscopic-surgery-in-a-sub-saharan-african-setting-a-nine-month-review-at-the-douala-gynaeco-obstetric-and-pediatric-hospital-cameroon
#20
J T Fouogue, F Y Fouelifack, J H Fouedjio, R Tchounzou, Z Sando, E T Mboudou
Objectives: To describe the first laparoscopic surgeries in a tertiary hospital in Cameroon. Methods: We carried out a descriptive study at the Douala Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital (DGOPH). We examined the files of the 45 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery from November 1, 2015 to July 31, 2016. Descriptive statistics were computed for patients' characteristics and surgical parameters. Results: Mean (SD) age was 36.8(11...
June 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
keyword
keyword
36647
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"