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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144535/a-health-economic-outcome-evaluation-of-an-internet-based-mobile-supported-stress-management-intervention-for-employees
#1
David Daniel Ebert, Fanny Kählke, Claudia Buntrock, Matthias Berking, Filip Smit, Elena Heber, Harald Baumeister, Burkhardt Funk, Heleen Riper, Dirk Lehr
Objective This study aimed to estimate and evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of a guided internet- and mobile-supported occupational stress-management intervention (iSMI) for employees from the employer's perspective alongside a randomized controlled trial. Methods A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was randomly assigned either to the iSMI or a waitlist control (WLC) group with unrestricted access to treatment as usual. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions of problem-solving and emotion-regulation techniques and one booster session...
November 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142461/analysis-of-inpatient-payments-of-breast-cancer-patients-with-different-medical-insurance-coverages-in-china-mainland-in-2011-2015
#2
Rui Li, Liang Zhang, Jinxia Yang, Yue Cai, Wanqing Chen, Lan Lan, Ming Xue, Qun Meng
Objective: An understanding of the levels and trends of medical cost is made for breast cancer patients with different medical insurance coverages in China (mainland), in an attempt to offer a clue to further control the costs. Methods: The inpatient payments of 9,716,180 breast cancer patients spent in medical institutions of different types and grades during 2011-2015 were collected from the inpatient medical record home page (IMRHP) dataset. The data were then processed with SAS (Version 9...
October 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141837/user-acceptance-of-wrist-worn-activity-trackers-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-mixed-method-study
#3
Arjun Puri, Ben Kim, Olivier Nguyen, Paul Stolee, James Tung, Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: Wearable activity trackers are newly emerging technologies with the anticipation for successfully supporting aging-in-place. Consumer-grade wearable activity trackers are increasingly ubiquitous in the market, but the attitudes toward, as well as acceptance and voluntary use of, these trackers in older population are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess acceptance and usage of wearable activity trackers in Canadian community-dwelling older adults, using the potentially influential factors as identified in literature and technology acceptance model...
November 15, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134047/middle-and-elementary-school-students-changes-in-self-determined-motivation-in-a-basketball-unit-taught-using-the-tactical-games-model
#4
Stephen Harvey, Alexander Gil-Arias, Megan Lorraine Smith, Lindsey Rachel Smith
Studies examining student motivation levels suggest that this is a significant factor in students' engagement in physical education and may be positively affected when teachers employ alternative pedagogical models such as game-centered approaches (GCAs). The aim of this study was to investigate changes in self-determined motivation of students as they participated in a GCA-basketball unit taught using the Tactical Games Model (TGM). Participants were 173 students (84 girls), 79 middle school (45 girls) and 94 (39 girls) elementary school students from four seventh and five fourth/fifth grade co-educational classes...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132355/criteria-for-prioritization-of-hiv-programs-in-viet-nam-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#5
Ali Safarnejad, Milena Pavlova, Vo Hai Son, Huynh Lan Phuong, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: With the decline in funding for Viet Nam's response to the HIV epidemic, there is a need for evidence on the criteria to guide the prioritization of HIV programs. There is a gap in the research on the relative importance of multiple criteria for prioritizing a package of interventions. This study elicits preferences and the trade-offs made between different HIV programs by relevant stakeholders and decision-makers in Viet Nam. It also pays attention to how differences in social and professional characteristics of stakeholders and their agency affiliations shape preferences for HIV program criteria in Viet Nam...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128413/association-of-citizenship-status-with-kidney-transplantation-in-medicaid-patients
#6
Jenny I Shen, Daniel Hercz, Lilly M Barba, Holly Wilhalme, Erik L Lum, Edmund Huang, Uttam Reddy, Leslie Salas, Sitaram Vangala, Keith C Norris
BACKGROUND: Although individuals classified as nonresident aliens, including undocumented immigrants, are entitled to receive emergency dialysis in the United States regardless of their ability to pay, most states do not provide them with subsidized care for maintenance dialysis or kidney transplantation. We explored whether nonresident aliens have similar outcomes to US citizens after receiving kidney transplants covered by Medicaid, a joint federal and state health insurance program...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121177/out-of-pocket-and-health-care-spending-changes-for-patients-using-orally-administered-anticancer-therapy-after-adoption-of-state-parity-laws
#7
Stacie B Dusetzina, Haiden A Huskamp, Aaron N Winn, Ethan Basch, Nancy L Keating
Importance: Oral anticancer medications are increasingly important but costly treatment options for patients with cancer. By early 2017, 43 states and Washington, DC, had passed laws to ensure patients with private insurance enrolled in fully insured health plans pay no more for anticancer medications administered by mouth than anticancer medications administered by infusion. Federal legislation regarding this issue is currently pending. Despite their rapid acceptance, the changes associated with state adoption of oral chemotherapy parity laws have not been described...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119361/associated-factors-of-self-rated-mental-health-status-in-southwestern-iran-using-scad-regression-model-in-a-population-based-study
#8
Najmeh Maharlouei, Fereshteh Kazemeini, Hadi Raeisi Shahraki, Kamran B Lankarani
This study aimed to investigate the association between self-rated mental health (SRMH) and current health status of an Iranian population. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 3400 individuals selected through random sampling in Shiraz, Iran between January 2014 and March 2015. Data were gathered through face-to-face interviews. Statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS 19.0, and R.3.1.2 software was used for SCAD penalized logistic regression. The mean age of the participants was 38.5 (± 14...
November 8, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116683/nursing-gender-pay-differentials-in-the-new-millennium
#9
Barbara L Wilson, Matthew J Butler, Richard J Butler, William G Johnson
BACKGROUND: The gender pay gap in the United States is an ongoing issue, affecting women in nearly all occupations. Jobs traditionally associated with men tend to pay better than traditionally female-dominated jobs, and there is evidence to suggest within-occupation gender pay differences as well. PURPOSE: We compared and contrasted gender wage disparities for registered nurses (RNs), relative to gender wage disparities for another female-dominated occupation, teachers, while controlling for sociodemographic factors...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101441/drivers-of-hospital-costs-in-the-self-pay-facelift-rhytidectomy-patient-analysis-of-hospital-resource-utilization-in-1890-patients
#10
Anmol Chattha, Alexandra Bucknor, David Chi, Klaas Ultee, Austin D Chen, Samuel J Lin
INTRODUCTION: Rhytidectomy is one of the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures by plastic surgeons. Increasing attention to the development of a high-value, low-cost healthcare system is a priority in the USA. This study aims to analyze specific patient and hospital factors affecting the cost of this procedure. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of self-pay patients over the age of 18 who underwent rhytidectomy using the Healthcare Utilization Cost Project National Inpatient Sample database between 2013 and 2014...
November 3, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095878/food-safety-knowledge-attitude-and-self-reported-practice-of-secondary-school-students-in-beijing-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Yinchu Cheng, Yang Zhang, Jun Ma, Siyan Zhan
In China, food safety problems have occurred frequently in the past ten years, causing great concern for the public. Adolescents, with higher exposure to problematic food, represent a unique target for interventions aimed at risk reduction. To understand their food safety knowledge, attitude and practice, a cross-sectional survey using paper questionnaire was carried out among 4,220 students (median age of 14 years, 50.3% females) from nine secondary schools in 3 districts of Beijing. The findings showed that the majority of respondents (42...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095077/canadian-health-care-system-who-should-pay-for-all-medically-beneficial-treatments-a-burning-issue
#12
Mohammad Ziaul Islam Chowdhury, Monsur Ahmed Chowdhury
The Canadian health care system can be characterized as a mix of public and private participation, although it is often described as a publicly funded system. In Canada, "medically necessary" services are covered with public funds; however, the Canada Health Act provides no formal definition of medical necessity. The provincial and territorial health care insurance plans decide which services are medically necessary. As a result, coverage of hospital and medical services differs among provinces. Outpatient prescription drugs are not covered by public plans...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093817/eating-behaviour-disorders-among-adolescents-in-a-middle-school-in-dongfanghong-china
#13
Tingting Feng, Dawit Shawel Abebe
Background: Disordered eating behaviours (DEB) are significant public health challenges among adolescents. DEB are prevalent among Chinese young people and replication epidemiological studies in DEB are needed due to ongoing rapid modernization and socio-economic change. In addition, there has been no prevention or intervention programs for DEB in most of rural areas in China and research in DEB in rural China is limited. More research in DEB in rural China is needed for increased awareness of prevention strategies...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073226/behavioral-correlates-of-cheating-environmental-specificity-and-reward-expectation
#14
Michael Isakov, Arnav Tripathy
Academic dishonesty has been and continues to be a major problem in America's schools and universities. Such dishonesty is especially important in high schools, where grades earned directly impact the academic careers of students for many years to come. The rising pressure to get the best grades in school, get into the best college, and land the best paying job is a cycle that has made academic dishonesty increase exponentially. Thus, finding the widespread roots of cheating is more important now than ever...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070844/individual-mobility-promotes-punishment-in-evolutionary-public-goods-games
#15
Rui Cong, Qianchuan Zhao, Kun Li, Long Wang
In explaining the pressing issue in biology and social sciences how cooperation emerges in a population of self-interested individuals, researchers recently pay intensive attentions to the role altruistic punishment plays. However, as higher-order cooperators, survival of punishers is puzzling due to their extra cost in regulating norm violators. Previous works have highlighted the importance of individual mobility in promoting cooperation. Yet its effect on punishers remains to be explored. In this work we incorporate this feature into modeling the behavior of punishers, who are endowed with a choice between leaving current place or staying and punishing defectors...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062640/10-years-later-lessons-learned-from-an-academic-multidisciplinary-cosmetic-center
#16
Jenny T Chen, Harry S Nayar, Venkat K Rao
BACKGROUND: In 2006, a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services-accredited multidisciplinary academic ambulatory surgery center was established with the goal of delivering high-quality, efficient reconstructive, and cosmetic services in an academic setting. We review our decade-long experience since its establishment. METHODS: Clinical and financial data from 2006 to 2016 are reviewed. All cosmetic procedures, including both minimally invasive and operative cases, are included...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058529/social-support-and-self-rated-health-of-african-american-women-informal-caregivers-urban-and-rural-differences
#17
Philip A Rozario, Gaynell M Simpson
In this study, we examined how geographic location might differently influence social support and self-rated health for rural and urban African American women caregivers. We used cross-sectional data from 253 urban and 263 rural women primary caregivers. Controlling for key demographic factors, we regressed caregivers' self-rated health on social engagement, structural and functional aspects of social support for urban and rural caregivers separately. Perception of family functioning was positively associated with urban and rural caregivers' self-rated health...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052176/factors-associated-with-american-indian-mental-health-service-use-in-comparison-with-white-older-adults
#18
Heehyul Moon, Yeon-Shim Lee, Soonhee Roh, Catherine E Burnette
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify the factors that impact mental health service use among American Indian (AI) older adults living in South Dakota compared to their White counterparts. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design with 735 participants (n = 502 Whites, n = 233 AIs), we used ordinal regressions to analyze the extent to which predisposing, need, and enabling/hindering factors predicted the level of mental health service utilization...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051841/perceived-cost-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-purchasing-hiv-self-testing-kits-among-urban-tanzanian-men-an-inductive-content-analysis
#19
Larissa Jennings, Donaldson F Conserve, Jamison Merrill, Lusajo Kajula, Juliet Iwelunmor, Sebastian Linnemayr, Suzanne Maman
Impoverished men have lower rates of facility-based HIV counseling and testing and higher unknown HIV-positive status than women. Economic theory suggests that individuals will obtain an HIV test if anticipated benefits are greater than anticipated costs. Yet, few studies have investigated the range of financial preferences of HIV self-testing (HIVST) among poor men who decline testing or do not test regularly. Twenty-three interviews were conducted to qualitatively assess perceived costs saved and costs incurred from use of HIVST kits in infrequently- or never-tested Tanzanian men...
August 2017: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049814/cost-effectiveness-of-testing-and-treatment-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-residents-born-outside-the-united-states-with-and-without-medical-comorbidities-in-a-simulation-model
#20
Abriana Tasillo, Joshua A Salomon, Thomas A Trikalinos, C Robert Horsburgh, Suzanne M Marks, Benjamin P Linas
Importance: Testing for and treating latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is among the main strategies to achieve TB elimination in the United States. The best approach to testing among non-US born residents, particularly those with comorbid conditions, is uncertain. Objective: To estimate health outcomes, costs, and cost-effectiveness of LTBI testing and treatment among non-US born residents with and without medical comorbidities. Design, Setting, and Participants: Decision analytic tree and Markov cohort simulation model among non-US born residents with no comorbidities, with diabetes, with HIV infection, or with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) using a health care sector perspective with 3% annual discounting...
October 16, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
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