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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719064/the-association-between-dental-general-and-mental-health-status-among-underserved-and-vulnerable-populations-served-at-health-centers-in-the-us
#1
Vy H Nguyen, Sue C Lin, David P Cappelli, Suma Nair
OBJECTIVES: Vulnerable populations in underserved communities are disproportionately at high risk for multiple medical, dental, and behavioral health conditions. This study aims to: a) examine the occurrence of acute dental needs and b) investigate the association of acute dental needs and self-rated general and mental health status among the adult dentate health center population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data on adult patients (n = 5,035) from the 2014 Health Center Patient Survey, a nationally representative survey of health center patients...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714808/-it-was-hard-work-every-session-therapists-view-of-successful-psychoanalytic-treatments
#2
Andrzej Werbart, Peter Missios, Fredrik Waldenström, Peter Lilliengren
OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences of the therapeutic process in successful cases of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. METHOD: A two-stage, mixed-method design was used. Sixteen successful cases were drawn from a sample of 92 young adults in psychoanalytic psychotherapy according to Jacobson's criteria for reliable and clinically significant improvement. Therapist interviews at baseline and termination were analyzed applying Inductive Thematic Analysis. RESULTS: Three core themes emerged: Being Particularly Motivated to be This Patient's Therapist, Maintaining a Safe and Attentive Therapeutic Position, and Assiduous Work Every Session...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714080/studying-entrepreneurial-occupations-in-the-terman-women
#3
Eva Schmitt-Rodermund, Elke Schröder, Martin Obschonka
To achieve a better understanding of entrepreneurship development in women, longitudinal data on 672 individuals collected from 1922 to 1959 were analysed in a secondary investigation of the Terman Longitudinal Study. Women's reports on their occupations during 10 different years were assigned to one of two categories: work for pay (0/1), and work allowing for self-employment (0/1) in the respective year. Structural equation modelling supported earlier results concerning male entrepreneurial activity. Personality and aspects of the parenting context the women had experienced by the average age of 12 predicted early entrepreneurial competencies (inventions, leadership) and occupational interests by age 13, which related to an entrepreneurship-related career goal in 1936, when the participants were about 27 years of age on average...
July 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713309/associations-among-different-internet-access-time-gender-and-cyberbullying-behaviors-in-taiwan-s-adolescents
#4
Cheng-Min Chao, Tai-Kuei Yu
With the increasing convenience of social networking sites and their interconnectedness with human interaction, verbal and image bullying have turned digital, making cyberbullying a new form of bullying attracting the attention of researchers, social workers, and schools. This study focuses on the status quo of attitude toward cyberbullying and cyberbullying behavior, explores associations of attitude toward behavior on cyberbullying behavior in gender and different internet access times. In a cross-sectional survey, adolescents were surveyed through self-report questionnaires, 13,864 respondents were received among 150 high schools in Taiwan...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713300/new-technologies-smart-or-harm-work-family-boundaries-management-gender-differences-in-conflict-and-enrichment-using-the-jd-r-theory
#5
Chiara Ghislieri, Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Claudio G Cortese, Lara Colombo
Background: The relationship between technology-assisted supplemental work and well-being outcomes is a recent issue in scientific literature. Whether the use of technology for work purpose in off-work time may have a positive or negative impact on work-family balance remains an open question and the role of gender in this relationship is poorly understood. Aim: According to the JD-R theory, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between off-work hours technology assisted job demand (off-TAJD) and both work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709755/validity-and-usefulness-of-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-in-carers-of-people-with-dementia-evidence-from-confirmatory-factor-analysis-concurrent-validity-and-measurement-invariance-in-a-large-sample
#6
Joshua Stott, Martin Orrell, Georgina Charlesworth
OBJECTIVE: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a self-report measure of anxiety and depression. It is recommended for clinical assessment and has been used as the primary outcome in large clinical trials with carers of people with dementia. Its validity and utility have never been examined in this population. The current study addresses this. METHODS: In a secondary analysis of baseline data from a recent intervention trial (N = 284) with cross-validation in baseline data from a second trial (N = 230), the authors used confirmatory factor analysis to test whether a one-, two-, or three-factor structure best fit the data and used indices of model misspecification to respecify...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705111/use-of-portable-ladders-field-observations-and-self-reported-safety-performance-in-the-cable-tv-industry
#7
Wen-Ruey Chang, Yueng-Hsiang Huang, Christopher Brunette, Jin Lee
Portable ladders incidents remain a major cause of falls from heights. This study reported field observations of environments, work conditions and safety behaviour involving portable ladders and their correlations with self-reported safety performance. Seventy-five professional installers of a company in the cable and other pay TV industry were observed for 320 ladder usages at their worksites. The participants also filled out a questionnaire to measure self-reported safety performance. Proper setup on slippery surfaces, correct method for ladder inclination setup and ladder secured at the bottom had the lowest compliance with best practices and training guidelines...
July 14, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699562/which-green-way-description-of-the-intervention-for-mobilising-against-aedes-aegypti-under-difficult-security-conditions-in-southern-mexico
#8
REVIEW
Arcadio Morales-Perez, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Alejandro Balanzar-Martínez, Felipe René Serrano-de Los Santos, Claudia Erika Ríos-Rivera, Jaime García-Leyva, Robert J Ledogar, Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Community mobilisation for prevention requires engagement with and buy in from those communities. In the Mexico state of Guerrero, unprecedented social violence related to the narcotics trade has eroded most community structures. A recent randomised controlled trial in 90 coastal communities achieved sufficient mobilisation to reduce conventional vector density indicators, self-reported dengue illness and serologically proved dengue virus infection. METHODS: The Camino Verde intervention was a participatory research protocol promoting local discussion of baseline evidence and co-design of vector control solutions...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697488/the-interpersonal-adverse-effects-reported-by-1008-users-of-antidepressants-and-the-incremental-impact-of-polypharmacy
#9
John Read, Aimee Gee, Jacob Diggle, Helen Butler
Antidepressant drugs are being prescribed at ever increasing rates internationally, despite marginal benefit compared to placebo and a range of adverse effects. Most studies of adverse effects focus on biological phenomena. This article presents the results of an online survey of 1008 self-selected anti-depressant users in Britain, which asked about five adverse effects in the interpersonal domain. The most commonly reported among participants who took only antidepressants were: Sex Life - 43.7%, Work or Study - 27...
July 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697116/risk-factors-for-emergency-department-visits-after-hysterectomy-for-benign-disease
#10
Nichole Mahnert, Neil Kamdar, Courtney S Lim, Bethany Skinner, Afton Hassett, Keith E Kocher, Daniel M Morgan, Sawsan As-Sanie
OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence, indications, and risk factors for emergency department visits that do not result in readmission within 30 days of hysterectomy for benign disease. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of hysterectomies for benign disease using the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative, a statewide group of hospitals that voluntarily reports perioperative outcomes. Hysterectomies for benign disease were abstracted from January 1, 2013, to July 2, 2014...
July 7, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692633/outcomes-and-cost-analysis-of-surveillance-strategies-after-initial-treatment-for-women-with-recurrent-ovarian-cancer
#11
Vinita M Alexander, Alan N Gordon, David H Howard, Namita Khanna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a survival or cost benefit dependent on detection strategy of recurrent ovarian cancer (ie, imaging, physical examination findings, report of symptoms, or rising cancer antigen 125 [CA-125] levels). METHODS/MATERIALS: A retrospective chart review of 112 ovarian cancer patients was conducted, and method of detection of recurrent disease was determined from medical records. The following primary outcomes were determined using Cox proportional hazards regression model: progression-free survival (PFS) after diagnosis of recurrence and time to death after diagnosis of recurrence (overall survival [OS])...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688640/clinical-phenotypes-of-us-level-i-trauma-centers-use-of-clustering-methodology
#12
Joseph D Forrester, Thomas G Weiser, Paul Maggio, Timothy Browder, Lakshika Tennakoon, David A Spain, Kristan Staudenmayer
BACKGROUND: American College of Surgeons Level I Trauma Centers (ACSL1TCs) meet the same personnel and structural requirements but serve different populations. We hypothesized that these nuanced differences may amenable to description through mathematical clustering methodology. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank 2014 was used to derive information on ACSL1TCs. Explorative cluster hypothesis generation was performed using Ward's linkage to determine expected number of clusters based on patient and injury characteristics...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688031/remaining-gap-in-hiv-testing-uptake-among-female-sex-workers-in-iran
#13
Mostafa Shokoohi, Atefeh Noori, Mohammad Karamouzian, Hamid Sharifi, Razieh Khajehkazemi, Noushin Fahimfar, Samira Hosseini-Hooshyar, Parvin Afsar Kazerooni, Ali Mirzazadeh
We estimated the prevalence of recent HIV testing (i.e., having an HIV test during the last 12 months and knew the results) among 1295 HIV-negative Iranian female sex workers (FSW) in 2015. Overall, 70.4% (95% confidence intervals: 59.6, 79.3) of the participants reported a recent HIV testing. Concerns about their HIV status (83.2%) was reported as the most common reason for HIV testing. Incarceration history, having >5 paying partners, having >1 non-paying partner, receiving harm reduction services, utilizing healthcare services, and knowing an HIV testing site were significantly associated with recent HIV testing...
July 7, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680764/early-transition-to-comfort-measures-only-in-acute-stroke-patients-analysis-from-the-get-with-the-guidelines-stroke-registry
#14
Shyam Prabhakaran, Margueritte Cox, Barbara Lytle, Phillip J Schulte, Ying Xian, Darin Zahuranec, Eric E Smith, Mathew Reeves, Gregg C Fonarow, Lee H Schwamm
BACKGROUND: Death after acute stroke often occurs after forgoing life-sustaining interventions. We sought to determine the patient and hospital characteristics associated with an early decision to transition to comfort measures only (CMO) after ischemic stroke (IS), intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in the Get With The Guidelines-Stroke registry. METHODS: We identified patients with IS, ICH, or SAH between November 2009 and September 2013 who met study criteria...
June 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677273/infertility-related-communication-and-coping-strategies-among-women-affected-by-primary-or-secondary-infertility
#15
Taina Sormunen, Arthur Aanesen, Bjöörn Fossum, Klas Karlgren, Margareta Westerbotn
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a worldwide problem and is experienced as psychologically stressful. Communication about infertility varies depending on clinical aspects, personal relationships and culture. The aim of this study was to explore infertility-related communication and coping strategies among women affected by, primary or secondary fertility problems. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study design was used. One hundred ninety-nine women affected by primary and secondary infertility were recruited from one fertility clinic in Stockholm...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676467/the-rules-of-engagement-perspectives-on-secure-messaging-from-experienced-ambulatory-patient-portal-users
#16
Cynthia J Sieck, Jennifer L Hefner, Jeanette Schnierle, Hannah Florian, Aradhna Agarwal, Kristen Rundell, Ann Scheck McAlearney
BACKGROUND: Patient portals have shown promise in engaging individuals in self-management of chronic conditions by allowing patients to input and track health information and exchange secure electronic messages with their providers. Past studies have identified patient barriers to portal use including usability issues, low health literacy, and concerns about loss of personal contact as well as provider concerns such as increased time spent responding to messages. However, to date, studies of both patient and provider perspectives on portal use have focused on the pre-implementation or initial implementation phases and do not consider how these issues may change as patients and providers gain greater experience with portals...
July 4, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676305/socioeconomic-and-demographic-predictors-of-missed-opportunities-to-provide-advanced-imaging-services
#17
McKinley Glover, Dania Daye, Omid Khalilzadeh, Oleg Pianykh, Daniel I Rosenthal, James A Brink, Efrén J Flores
PURPOSE: The extent to which racial and socioeconomic disparities exist in accessing clinically appropriate, advanced diagnostic imaging has not been well studied. This study assesses the relationship between demographic and socioeconomic factors and the incidence of imaging missed care opportunities (IMCOs). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of outpatient CT and MRI appointments at a quaternary academic medical center and affiliated outpatient facilities during a 12-month period...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675312/an-investigation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-geriatric-anxiety-scale-gas-in-an-italian-sample-of-community-dwelling-older-adults
#18
Alessia Gatti, Juliana Gottschling, Agostino Brugnera, Roberta Adorni, Cristina Zarbo, Angelo Compare, Daniel L Segal
BACKGROUND: The Italian older adult population is increasing and psychiatric problems, such as anxiety among older adults, represent major challenges for public welfare. A strong need exists for instruments specifically developed to assess anxiety among Italian older adults. The Geriatric Anxiety Scale (GAS) is a 30-item self-report questionnaire that evaluates anxiety among older adults and has demonstrated strong psychometric properties in several languages. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to validate an Italian version of the GAS (GAS-I) and to preliminarily investigate its psychometric properties...
July 4, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670636/attitudes-of-female-street-vendors-towards-hiv-aids-in-vhembe-district-of-south-africa
#19
Olaniyi Fc, Tshitangano Tg, Tugli Ak, Amosu Am, Edokpayi Jn
BACKGROUND: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are still global health problems. This study was conducted to describe the attitudes of female street vendors (FSV) in Thohoyandou, Vhembe district, towards HIV/AIDS and those infected with the virus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey design was adopted. Data were collected by means of a structured, self-administered questionnaire and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670583/quality-of-life-among-family-caregivers-of-patients-on-hemodialysis-and-its-relevant-factors-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Seyedeh Azam Sajadi, Abbas Ebadi, Seyed Tayeb Moradian
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are considered as hidden patients experiencing physical and mental disorders. This affects the quality of not only their lives but also the health care provided to patients.This study aimed to investigate the quality of life (QOL) and its related factors among the caregivers of patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted based on the eight-step guidelines presented by the York University. The databases relevant to the medical field including Nursing and Allied Health, Web of Science, Scopus, Pubmed, Embase, PsycINFO and Psychology Library were used...
July 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
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