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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916991/higher-physical-activity-and-lower-pain-levels-before-surgery-predict-non-improvement-of-knee-pain-1%C3%A2-year-after-tka
#1
Nikolai Kornilov, Maren Falch Lindberg, Caryl Gay, Alexander Saraev, Taras Kuliaba, Leiv Arne Rosseland, Anners Lerdal
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of pain during the first year following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and evaluate pre- and postoperative factors associated with pain and patient satisfaction at 1 year. It was hypothesized that more severe preoperative pain would be associated with more residual pain and lower patient satisfaction 1 year after surgery. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was performed with repeated measures of pain (0-10 numeric rating scale) and evaluation of other self-reported symptoms (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Fatigue Severity Score), daily functioning (Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale), quality of life (EQ-5D-3L), knee function (KSS Knee and Function Score), perioperative and clinical characteristics (e...
September 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904558/herbal-medicines-personal-use-knowledge-attitude-dispensing-practice-and-the-barriers-among-community-pharmacists-in-gondar-northwest-ethiopia
#2
Dessalegn Asmelashe Gelayee, Gashaw Binega Mekonnen, Seyfe Asrade Atnafe, Mequanent Kassa Birarra, Assefa Belay Asrie
BACKGROUND: Herbal medicine use is increasing and the global market is estimated to be US$107 billion by the year 2017. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at assessing community pharmacists' personal use, knowledge, attitude, dispensing practice, and the barriers regarding herbal medicines. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 47 community pharmacists in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia, using a structured interviewing questionnaire...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898239/sustained-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-counselling-for-alcohol-problems-a-brief-psychological-treatment-for-harmful-drinking-in-men-delivered-by-lay-counsellors-in-primary-care-12-month-follow-up-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Abhijit Nadkarni, Helen A Weiss, Benedict Weobong, David McDaid, Daisy R Singla, A-La Park, Bhargav Bhat, Basavaraj Katti, Jim McCambridge, Pratima Murthy, Michael King, G Terence Wilson, Betty Kirkwood, Christopher G Fairburn, Richard Velleman, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Counselling for Alcohol Problems (CAP), a brief intervention delivered by lay counsellors, enhanced remission and abstinence over 3 months among male primary care attendees with harmful drinking in a setting in India. We evaluated the sustainability of the effects after treatment termination, the cost-effectiveness of CAP over 12 months, and the effects of the hypothesized mediator 'readiness to change' on clinical outcomes. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Male primary care attendees aged 18-65 years screening with harmful drinking on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) were randomised to either CAP plus enhanced usual care (EUC) (n = 188) or EUC alone (n = 189), of whom 89% completed assessments at 3 months, and 84% at 12 months...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894707/health-literacy-among-visitors-of-district-polyclinics-in-almaty-kazakhstan
#4
Gaukhar Kayupova, Botagoz Turdaliyeva, Kazbek Tulebayev, Tuyen Van Duong, Peter Wushou Chang, Diana Zagulova
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate health literacy levels of patients in Almaty City, Kazakhstan and to identify socio-demographics and socio-economic factors related to their health literacy. METHODS: An international survey instrument HLS-EU-Q developed by the European Health Literacy Consortium was used in a cross-sectional study with 1000 citizens in the Almaty City at the age of 18 and over who visited the out-patient departments in the polyclinics between Feb and Oct 2014...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894554/exploring-the-adaptive-experiences-of-children-with-parents-of-myocardial-infarction-a-qualitative-study
#5
Tahere Hashemifard, Ali Akbar Vaezi, Seyed Saeed Mazloomy, Tahere Kamalikhah, Mehdi Khankolabi, Abbas Andishmand, Mohammad Hossein Baghianimoghadam
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the world's leading cause of mortality. These diseases are rooted in an unhealthy lifestyle. In order to confront this subject, it is essential to identify several risk factors that contribute to heart disease (HD) in people with different attitudes, values, beliefs, expectations and motivations. This study was therefore an attempt to explain the adaptive experiences of children whose parents were involved in myocardial infarction since they were more likely subjected to get the so-called disease...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894546/nurses-perception-of-the-strategies-to-gaining-professional-power-a-qualitative-study
#6
Rana Rezai Sepasi, Fariba Borhani, Abbas Abbaszadeh
BACKGROUND: Power in nursing is a broad concept that has a determining effect on the achievement of professional goals. Gaining power is essential for promoting the roles of nurses, improving their professional image and the consistent improvement of healthcare systems. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to identify and clarify strategies for gaining power in the nursing profession through the experiences of Iranian nurses. METHODS: The present qualitative grounded theory study was conducted on fifteen participants selected through purposive sampling...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894543/the-relationship-between-organizational-commitment-and-nursing-care-behavior
#7
Mohammad Hossein Khalilzadeh Naghneh, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Manijeh Naderi, Nehzat Shakeri, Fariba Bolourchifard, Naser Sedghi Goyaghaj
INTRODUCTION: Nursing care encompasses physical, emotional, mental and social needs, in order to improve a patient's health and wellbeing. Caring is the central core and the essence of nursing. The important issue of care is access to proper care and increasing patients' satisfaction. Job performance of nurses is affected by many factors including organizational commitment. This study aimed to determine the relationship between organizational commitment and nurses caring behavior. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 322 nurses from selected Hospitals of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran were randomly selected and enrolled in the study in 2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894541/correlation-between-social-support-self-efficacy-and-health-promoting-behavior-in-hemodialysis-patients-hospitalized-in-karaj-in-2015
#8
Mahmoud Kiajamali, Meimanat Hosseini, Fatemeh Estebsari, Maliheh Nasiri, Tahereh Ashktorab, Amirhossein Abdi, Aazam Mahmoudi, Atefe Salimi Akin Abadi
BACKGROUND: In hemodialysis, as a choice of treatment due to long treatment duration, the patient encounters limitations. Perceived social support, perceived self-efficacy and health promoting activities are important strategies to facilitate and maintain their health. AIM: To determine the correlation between social support, self-efficacy and health promoting behaviors in hemodialysis patients hospitalized in Karaj city in 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive correlational study was carried out on 200 hemodialysis patients who were selected from four hospitals in Karaj based on cluster sampling...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888496/-mission-impossible-the-mothering-of-a-child-with-type-1-diabetes-from-the-perspective-of-mothers-experiencing-burnout
#9
Caisa Lindström, Jan Åman, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Maria Forssberg, Agneta Anderzén-Carlsson
PURPOSE: To explore how mothers experiencing burnout describe their mothering of a child with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), with a focus on their experienced need for control and self-esteem. METHODS: This study used a qualitative, descriptive design and aimed to reveal the experience of mothering a child with diabetes when experiencing burnout. Twenty-one mothers of children with T1DM who were experiencing burnout participated in this study. Data were collected via semi-structured interviews, and content analysis was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886010/mobility-can-promote-the-evolution-of-cooperation-via-emergent-self-assortment-dynamics
#10
Jaideep Joshi, Iain D Couzin, Simon A Levin, Vishwesha Guttal
The evolution of costly cooperation, where cooperators pay a personal cost to benefit others, requires that cooperators interact more frequently with other cooperators. This condition, called positive assortment, is known to occur in spatially-structured viscous populations, where individuals typically have low mobility and limited dispersal. However many social organisms across taxa, from cells and bacteria, to birds, fish and ungulates, are mobile, and live in populations with considerable inter-group mixing...
September 8, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882809/the-user-knows-what-to-call-it-incorporating-patient-voice-through-user-contributed-tags-on-a-participatory-platform-about-health-management
#11
Annie T Chen, Rachel M Carriere, Samantha Jan Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Body listening, described as the act of paying attention to the body's signals and cues, can be an important component of long-term health management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to introduce and evaluate the Body Listening Project, an innovative effort to engage the public in the creation of a public resource-to leverage collective wisdom in the health domain. This project involved a website where people could contribute their experiences of and dialogue with others concerning body listening and self-management...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881551/-the-prevalence-and-related-factors-of-hbv-infection-among-adults-in-mianyang
#12
T T Liu, X T Zhou, W L Li, Y Y Peng, X J Liu, J Wang, T Ren, L P Wang, P Yuan
Objective: To analyze the prevalence and related factors of HBV infection among people aged 18 years old and above in Mianyang city. Methods: A total of 260 950 residents, living in Mianyang city more than 6 months, aging 18 years old and above were employed by multi-stage random sampling method from November 2014 to September 2015. Questionnaire survey was conducted on participants using a self-designed questionnaire, including general demographic characteristics, family history of Hepatitis B, history of Hepatitis B vaccination and history of present illness, etc...
September 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874404/pediatric-price-transparency-still-opaque-with-opportunities-for-improvement
#13
Laura J Faherty, Charlene A Wong, Jordyn Feingold, Joan Li, Robert Town, Evan Fieldston, Rachel M Werner
OBJECTIVES: Price transparency is gaining importance as families' portion of health care costs rise. We describe (1) online price transparency data for pediatric care on children's hospital Web sites and state-based price transparency Web sites, and (2) the consumer experience of obtaining an out-of-pocket estimate from children's hospitals for a common procedure. METHODS: From 2015 to 2016, we audited 45 children's hospital Web sites and 38 state-based price transparency Web sites, describing availability and characteristics of health care prices and personalized cost estimate tools...
September 5, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868661/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-long-term-intermittent-self-catheterization-with-hydrophilic-coated-and-uncoated-catheters-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-japan
#14
Toyohiko Watanabe, Shingo Yamamoto, Momokazu Gotoh, Tadanori Saitoh, Osamu Yokoyama, Tatsunori Murata, Masayuki Takeda
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost effectiveness of disposable, hydrophilic-coated catheters in Japan. METHODS: A Markov decision model previously applied in a European study was used to evaluate the cost effectiveness of intermittent self-catheterization (ISC) with hydrophilic-coated catheters in Japanese spinal cord injury (SCI) patients suffering from chronic urinary retention from a lifetime perspective. To adjust the model to a Japanese setting, relevant Japanese data regarding the baseline risk of urinary tract infection (UTI), the average age at onset of SCI, costs, and general mortality were extracted from published literature, national statistics, or the opinions of Japanese experts...
September 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865471/performance-of-community-health-workers-situating-their-intermediary-position-within-complex-adaptive-health-systems
#15
REVIEW
Maryse C Kok, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Sally Theobald, Hermen Ormel, Marjolein Dieleman, Miriam Taegtmeyer
Health systems are social institutions, in which health worker performance is shaped by transactional processes between different actors.This analytical assessment unravels the complex web of factors that influence the performance of community health workers (CHWs) in low- and middle-income countries. It examines their unique intermediary position between the communities they serve and actors in the health sector, and the complexity of the health systems in which they operate. The assessment combines evidence from the international literature on CHW programmes with research outcomes from the 5-year REACHOUT consortium, undertaking implementation research to improve CHW performance in six contexts (two in Asia and four in Africa)...
September 2, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855062/when-knowing-is-not-enough-emotional-distress-and-depression-reduce-the-positive-effects-of-health-literacy-on-diabetes-self-management
#16
Louise Schinckus, Florence Dangoisse, Stephan Van den Broucke, Moïra Mikolajczak
OBJECTIVES: Adequate self-management activities are important predictors of diabetes outcomes. As diabetes literacy and self-efficacy are strong predictors of diabetes self-care, self-management education programs focus essentially on these factors. This study investigated whether emotional distress or depression moderates the relation between health literacy, self-efficacy and diabetes self-care behaviors. METHODS: 128 people with type 2 diabetes were recruited in hospitals, through general practitioners and via a diabetes website, and completed a questionnaire assessing health literacy, self-efficacy, diabetes-related distress, depression and self-care behaviors...
August 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851401/knowledge-sharing-in-global-health-research-the-impact-uptake-and-cost-of-open-access-to-scholarly-literature
#17
Elise Smith, Stefanie Haustein, Philippe Mongeon, Fei Shu, Valéry Ridde, Vincent Larivière
BACKGROUND: In 1982, the Annals of Virology published a paper showing how Liberia has a highly endemic potential of Ebola warning health authorities of the risk for potential outbreaks; this journal is only available by subscription. Limiting the accessibility of such knowledge may have reduced information propagation toward public health actors who were indeed surprised by and unprepared for the 2014 epidemic. Open access (OA) publication can allow for increased access to global health research (GHR)...
August 29, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851364/-always-paracetamol-they-give-them-paracetamol-for-everything-a-qualitative-study-examining-eastern-european-migrants-experiences-of-the-uk-health-service
#18
Hannah Madden, Jane Harris, Christian Blickem, Rebecca Harrison, Hannah Timpson
BACKGROUND: The enlargement of the European Union since 2004 has led to an increase in the number of Eastern European migrants living in the UK. The health of this group is under-researched though some mixed evidence shows they are at higher risk of certain physical health conditions such as heart attacks, strokes, HIV and alcohol use and have poorer mental health. This is compounded by poor or insecure housing, low pay, isolation and prejudice. We aimed to understand the health needs and health service experiences of the Eastern European population in a town in Northern England...
August 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839989/factors-affecting-satisfaction-with-education-program-for-chronic-airway-disease-in-primary-care-settings
#19
Andrew Kim, Yong Il Hwang, Joo Hee Kim, Seung Hun Jang, Sunghoon Park, Ji Young Park, Ki-Suck Jung, Kwang Ha Yoo, Yong Bum Park, Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Chin Kook Rhee, Deog Kyeom Kim, Ho-Kee Yum
BACKGROUND: A well-organized education program improved the patients' knowledge about their disease, inhaler technique and quality of life in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The effectiveness of the education program can be evaluated by assessing patients' satisfaction with the education program as well. In this study, we compared the patients' satisfaction with education program between COPD and asthma patients. METHODS: A total of 284 asthma and COPD patients were enrolled...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832238/which-abortion-patients-have-had-a-prior-abortion-findings-from-the-2014-u-s-abortion-patient-survey
#20
Rachel Jones, Jenna Jerman, Meghan Ingerick
BACKGROUND: Updated information about abortion patients who have had a prior abortion could inform patient-centered practices that help women avoid unintended pregnancies in the future. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data come from a national sample of 8,380 nonhospital U.S. abortion patients accessing services at 87 facilities. The dependent variable was a self-reported measure of prior abortion. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were used to assess associations between a range of demographic and circumstantial characteristics and reports of obtaining a prior abortion...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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