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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329668/stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-in-us-adults
#1
Derek Y Hsu
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are life-threatening disorders. The incidences, mortality and cost of SJS and TEN in US adults are not well-characterized. We analyzed data from the 2009-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, containing a representative 20% sample of all hospitalizations in the US. SJS, SJS/TEN and TEN were identified by a validated algorithm using ICD-9- CM codes. The mean incidences of SJS, SJS/TEN and TEN were 9.3, 1.6, and 1.9 per million people per year, respectively...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328670/the-trauma-ecosystem-the-impact-and-economics-of-new-trauma-centers-on-a-mature-statewide-trauma-system
#2
David J Ciesla, Etienne E Pracht, Pablo T Leitz, David A Spain, Joseph J Tepas, Kristan L Staudenmayer
INTRODUCTION: Florida serves as a model for the study of trauma system performance. Between 2010 and 2104, 5 new trauma centers were opened along side 20 existing centers. The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of trauma system expansion on system triage performance and trauma center patient profiles. METHODS: A statewide dataset was queried for all injury related discharges from adult acute care hospitals using ICD-9 codes for 2010 and 2014. The dataset, inclusion criteria, and definitions of high-risk injury were chosen to match those used by the Florida department of health in its trauma registry...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327680/electronic-health-literacy-skills-among-medical-and-dental-interns-at-b-p-koirala-institute-of-health-sciences
#3
P K Pokharel, S S Budhathoki, H P Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Appropriate use of the available electronic resources is important for decision making in health. The use of electronic resources in health care is universal. The study measures the eHealth literacy skills among the medical and dental interns of the B P Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Nepal. METHODS: Self administered electronic Health Literacy Scale (eHEALS) was used to collect data from 125 medical and dental interns at BPKIHS. The interns represent immediate past medical student and soon to be professional doctor...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323465/costs-and-financial-burden-of-initial-hospitalizations-for-firearm-injuries-in-the-united-states-2006-2014
#4
Sarabeth A Spitzer, Kristan L Staudenmayer, Lakshika Tennakoon, David A Spain, Thomas G Weiser
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the inflation-adjusted costs associated with initial hospitalizations for firearm-related injuries in the United States. METHODS: We used the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample to identify patients admitted for firearm-related injuries from 2006 to 2014. We converted charges from hospitalization to costs, which we inflation-adjusted to 2014 dollars. We used survey weights to create national estimates. RESULTS: Costs for the initial inpatient hospitalization totaled $6...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292489/the-3-year-cost-effectiveness-of-a-nurse-based-case-management-versus-usual-care-for-elderly-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-results-from-the-korinna-follow-up-study
#5
Hildegard Seidl, Matthias Hunger, Christa Meisinger, Inge Kirchberger, Bernhard Kuch, Reiner Leidl, Rolf Holle
OBJECTIVES: To assess the 3-year cost-effectiveness of a nurse-based case management intervention in elderly patients with myocardial infarction from a societal perspective. METHODS: The intervention consisted of one home visit and quarterly telephone calls in the first year, and semi-annual calls in the following 2 years. The primary effect measures were quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), on the basis of the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D-3L) and adjusted life-years from patients' self-rated health states according to the visual analogue scale (VAS-ALs)...
March 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292377/what-should-children-pay-attention-to-in-skin-cleansing-during-self-measurement-of-blood-glucose
#6
Hamide Zengin, Nursan Cinar, Sevin Altinkaynak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288522/job-satisfaction-of-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-the-role-of-basic-psychological-need-fulfillment-and-workplace-participation
#7
Alma Akkerman, Sabina Kef, Herman P Meininger
PURPOSE: Knowledge on what contributes to job satisfaction of people with intellectual disabilities is limited. Using self-determination theory, we investigated whether fulfillment of basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, relatedness, competence) affected job satisfaction, and explored associations between workplace participation, need fulfillment and job satisfaction. METHOD: A total of 117 persons with intellectual disabilities, recruited from a Dutch care organization, were interviewed on need fulfillment at work and job satisfaction...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283140/pay-matters-the-piece-rate-and-health-in-the-developing-world
#8
Mary E Davis
BACKGROUND: Piece rate pay remains a common form of compensation in developing-world industries. While the piece rate may boost productivity, it has been shown to have unintended consequences for occupational safety and health, including increased accident and injury risk. OBJECTIVES: This paper explores the relationship between worker pay and physical and emotional health, and questions the modern day business case for piece rate pay in the developing world. METHODS: The relationship between piece rate and self-reported measures of physical and emotional health is estimated using a large survey of garment workers in 109 Vietnamese factories between 2010 and 2014...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279729/access-to-post-hospitalization-acute-care-facilities-is-associated-with-payer-status-for-open-abdominal-aortic-repair-and-open-lower-extremity-revascularization-in-the-vascular-quality-initiative
#9
Jesus G Ulloa, Karen Woo, Chi-Hong Tseng, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, David Rigberg
OBJECTIVE: Uninsured patients may not have access to post-acute care facilities that play an important role in clinical recovery and functional outcomes after vascular surgery. We sought to determine whether discharge disposition is associated with insurance status. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from the Vascular Quality Initiative(®) for patients who underwent open abdominal aortic repair (OAR), infra-inguinal bypass (IB) or supra-inguinal bypass (SB) between January 2012 and July 2015...
March 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278133/flat-panel-shaped-hybrid-piezo-triboelectric-nanogenerator-for-ambient-energy-harvesting
#10
Gul Hassan, Fasihullah Khan, Arshad Hassan, Shawkat Ali, Jinho Bae, Chong Hyun Lee
Recently, many researchers are paying attention to nanogenerators (NGs) as energy source in self-powered mirco-nano system, and studying how to achieve their higher power generation. Hence, we propose a hybrid type NG harvesting both piezoelectric and triboelectric effect at the same time. In the proposed hybrid NG, the piezoelectric NG (PNG) and triboelectric NG (TENG) are fabricated by Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and perovskite Zinc stannite (ZnSnO<sub>3</sub>) nano cubes with a high charge polarization of 59 uC/cm<sup>2</sup> composite (PDMS+ZnSnO<sub>3</sub>) and UV surface treated PDMS, respectively...
March 9, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277395/exploring-the-strengths-of-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#11
Jahangir Maghsoudi, HamidReza Oreyzi, Ali Zargham-Boroujeni
BACKGROUND: Professional nurses typically pay significantly more attention to the weaknesses rather than strengths of their psychiatric patients. Thus, new approaches to care are needed to discover the strengths of these patients and to provide effective encouragement during the caring process. However, little is currently known regarding the strengths that psychiatric patients possess during their illness and healing. PURPOSE: The current study aimed to explore the self-perceptions and experiences of psychiatric patients regarding their strengths...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274386/willingness-to-pay-for-other-individuals-healthcare-expenditures
#12
A P Borges, A Reis, J Anjos
OBJECTIVES: The need to improve the sustainability of public health expenditure, in a climate of growing pressure on national budgets, inevitably leads to a discussion about resource rationing, and the extent of society's responsibility for those expenditures. To contribute to this discussion empirically, this study evaluated the willingness of Portuguese respondents to pay for other individuals' healthcare expenditures through out-of-pocket payments. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire addressed to the general public was developed, with 296 respondents...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268079/gender-disparities-in-the-food-insecurity-overweight-and-food-insecurity-obesity-paradox-among-low-income-older-adults
#13
Daphne C Hernandez, Layton Reesor, Rosenda Murillo
BACKGROUND: Obesity and obesity-related comorbidities are increasing among older adults. Food insecurity is a nutrition-related factor that coexists with obesity among low-income individuals. The majority of the research on the food insecurity-obesity paradox has been conducted on low-income mothers and children, with research lacking on large diverse samples of older adults. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess gender disparities in the association between food insecurity and overweight and obesity among low-income older adults...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263650/supportive-expressive-interventions-in-working-through-treatment-termination
#14
Aviv Nof, Liat Leibovich, Sigal Zilcha-Mano
Supportive-expressive (SE) psychodynamic treatment has been receiving much empirical support. It is based on conceptualizing and working through the patients' Core Conflictual Relationship Theme, which includes their main wish (W) in the context of an interpersonal relationship, an actual or anticipated subjective response from the other (RO) in relation to the W, and the subsequent emotional and behavioral response from the self (RS) to the RO. Studies suggest that the RO and RS components show the greatest change as a result of effective SE treatment...
March 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260450/questionnaire-on-brain-death-and-organ-procurement
#15
Saleh Hammad, Manal Alnammourah, Farah Almahmoud, Mais Fawzi, Abdel-Hadi Breizat
OBJECTIVES: The subject of organs for transplant after brain death raises many concerns, including definition and timing of death, how to permit human organ transplant, and the idea of paying for organs. Many ethical concerns are raised regarding regulations and procedures for organ transplant in developing countries. These include where and how to obtain organs and the concept of justice in organ distribution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered 2682 questionnaires to 628 men and 2054 women over 24 months (range, 18 to 70 years old)...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251959/effects-of-electron-doping-on-the-stability-of-the-metal-hydride-nah
#16
M A Olea-Amezcua, J F Rivas-Silva, O de la Peña-Seaman, R Heid, K P Bohnen
Alkali and alkali-earth metal hydrides have high volumetric and gravimetric hydrogen densities, but due to their high thermodynamic stability, they possess high dehydrogenation temperatures which may be reduced by transforming these compounds into less stable states/configurations. We present a systematic computational study of the electron doping effects on the stability of the alkali metal hydride NaH substituted with Mg, using the self-consistent version of the virtual crystal approximation to model the alloy Na1-x Mg x H...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248734/predictors-of-hospital-readmissions-for-ulcerative-colitis-in-the-united-states-a-national-database-study
#17
Priti Poojary, Aparna Saha, Kinsuk Chauhan, Priya Simoes, Bruce E Sands, Judy Cho, Thomas Ullman, Girish Nadkarni, Ryan Ungaro
BACKGROUND: Early readmissions are important indicators of quality of care. Limited data exist describing hospital readmissions in ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to describe unplanned, 30-day readmissions among adult UC patients and to assess readmission predictors. METHODS: We analyzed the 2013 United States National Readmission Database and identified UC admissions using administrative codes in patients from 18 to 80 years of age. Our primary outcome was a 30-day, unplanned readmission rate...
February 13, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248555/people-are-more-generous-to-a-partner-who-pays-attention-to-them
#18
Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Chiaki Yamaguchi
People use relatively low-cost signals to maintain close relationships, in which they engage in costlier exchanges of tangible support. Paying attention to a partner allows an individual to communicate his or her interest in the relationship with the partner. Previous studies have revealed that when Person A pays attention to Person B, B's feeling of intimacy toward A increases. If social attention strengthens the bond between A and B, it is predicted that A's attention will also increase B's generous behavior toward A...
January 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244160/risk-and-blood-borne-virus-testing-among-men-who-inject-image-and-performance-enhancing-drugs-sydney-australia
#19
Rachel Rowe, Israel Berger, Bilal Yaseen, Jan Copeland
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Needle and syringe program (NSP) workers have highlighted that people who inject image and performance enhancing drugs (IPED) in Australia are a younger and more culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) group compared with other groups who inject drugs. Previous research has found riskier injecting practices and faster Hepatitis C acquisition rates among people who are new to injecting drugs and self-identify with CALD backgrounds, compared with their Anglo-Australian counterparts...
February 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241911/the-grateful-aging-program-a-naturalistic-model-of-transformation-and-healing-into-the-second-half-of-life
#20
Marilyn Schlitz
OBJECTIVES: Understanding and managing the process of aging is a central issue in modern society. This is a critical factor given the demographic shift toward an aging population and the negative stereotypes around aging that can limit people's worldview on aging with gratitude and well-being. METHODS: Building on three decades of qualitative and quantitative studies on positive worldview transformation at the California-based Institute of Noetic Sciences, this article applies an empirically derived naturalistic model of transformation to aging...
2017: Permanente Journal
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