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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088382/functional-electrical-stimulation-for-foot-drop-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-impact-on-gait-speed
#1
REVIEW
Linda Miller, Angus McFadyen, Anna C Lord, Rebecca Hunter, Lorna Paul, Danny Rafferty, Roy Bowers, Paul Mattison
OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy of functional electrical stimulation (FES) used for foot drop in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) on gait speed in short and long walking performance tests. DATA SOURCES: Five databases (Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, Pubmed) and reference lists were searched. STUDY SELECTION: Studies of both observational and experimental design where gait speed data in pwMS could be extracted were included...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088258/comparing-outcomes-from-the-two-most-recognized-acupuncturist-workforce-surveys
#2
Steven H Stumpf, Kory Ward-Cook, Clifford R Carr
OBJECTIVE: To determine the informational consistency produced by the two most recent independent surveys and draw a conclusion whether the data would be sufficient for the National Center for Health Workforce Analysis and Bureau of Labor and Statistics consideration. METHODS: This paper compares workforce outcomes collected by the two most prominent acupuncture entities that have produced the most useful acupuncturist workforce data (California Acupuncture Board 2015 Occupational Analysis and the National Certification Commission of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine® 2013 Job Analysis) at national and state levels...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088116/upconversion-color-tuning-in-ce-3-doped-liyf4-yb-3-ho-3-liyf4-nanoparticles-towards-ratiometric-fluorescence-detection-of-chromium-iii
#3
Shijiang Liu, Yangjie Li, Cheng Zhang, Liang Yang, Tingting Zhao, Ruilong Zhang, Changlong Jiang
Ratiometric fluorescence sensor exhibits advantages of sensitive response, high anti-interference ability and naked eye visualization owing to multiple independent emission peaks utilized for results analysis. To achieve such multi-emission probe, the traditional methods have involved simple mixing of two emitters or tedious synthesis processes of hybrid material. However, these probes often have problems of inconstant emission strength ratio, low light-stability, and complicated synthetic process, which limit their applications in practical field...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087545/predictors-of-public-support-for-nutrition-focused-policy-systems-and-environmental-change-strategies-in-los-angeles-county-2013
#4
Brenda Robles, Tony Kuo
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, federal and local agencies have invested broadly in a variety of nutrition-focused policy, systems and environmental change (PSE) initiatives in Los Angeles County (LAC). To date, little is known about whether the public supports such efforts. We address this gap in the literature by examining predictors of support for a variety of PSEs. METHODS: Voters residing in LAC (n=1007) were randomly selected to participate in a cross-sectional telephone survey commissioned by the LAC Department of Public Health...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087404/mood-and-anxiety-disorders-precede-development-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-patients-but-not-in-the-population
#5
Michael P Jones, Jan Tack, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Marjorie M Walker, Gerald Holtmann, Natasha A Koloski, Nicholas J Talley
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Understanding the interactions between brain and gastrointestinal disorders requires analysis of the order of disease onset. We analyzed data from 2 independent studies to determine the proportion of individuals with diagnoses of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) before diagnoses of mood or anxiety disorders (gut to brain), and vice versa (brain to gut). METHODS: We collected data from a retrospective study of 4966 patients diagnosed with a FGID (irritable bowel syndrome, dyspepsia, or constipation) and mood or anxiety disorder at general practices in the United Kingdom (health care seekers) over an average period of 13...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087402/accuracy-is-in-the-eyes-of-the-pathologist-the-visual-interpretive-process-and-diagnostic-accuracy-with-digital-whole-slide-images
#6
Tad T Brunyé, Ezgi Mercan, Donald L Weaver, Joann G Elmore
Digital whole slide imaging is an increasingly common medium in pathology, with application to education, telemedicine, and rendering second opinions. It has also made it possible to use eye tracking devices to explore the dynamic visual inspection and interpretation of histopathological features of tissue while pathologists review cases. Using whole slide images, the present study examined how a pathologist's diagnosis is influenced by fixed case-level factors, their prior clinical experience, and their patterns of visual inspection...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086967/translation-cross-cultural-adaption-and-measurement-properties-of-the-evidence-based-practice-profile
#7
Kristine Berg Titlestad, Anne Kristin Snibsoer, Hilde Stromme, Monica Wammen Nortvedt, Birgitte Graverholt, Birgitte Espehaug
BACKGROUND: The evidence-based practice profile (EBP(2)) questionnaire assesses students' self-reported knowledge, behaviour and attitudes related to evidence-based practice. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt EBP(2) into Norwegian and to evaluate the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Norwegian version. METHODS: EBP(2) was translated and cross-culturally adapted using recommended methodology. Face validity and feasibility were evaluated in a pilot on bachelor students and health and social workers (n = 18)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081557/student-led-intervention-to-innovate-hand-hygiene-practice-in-auckland-region-s-medical-students-the-no-hharms-study
#8
Nathanael Cc Lucas, Carl G Hume, Abdal Al-Chanati, William Diprose, Sally Roberts, Josh Freeman, Vernon Mogol, David Hoskins, Richard Hamblin, Chris Frampton, Warwick Bagg, Alan F Merry
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is important in reducing healthcare-associated infections. The World Health Organization has defined 'five moments' when hand hygiene compliance is required. During 2013, New Zealand national data showed poor compliance with these moments by medical students. AIM: To improve medical students' compliance with the five moments. METHODS: In this prospective student-led quality improvement initiative, student investigators developed, implemented and evaluated a multi-modal intervention comprising a three-month social media campaign, a competition and an entertaining educational video...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079621/effects-of-education-and-information-on-vaccination-behavior-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
Sofie Coenen, Ellen Weyts, Cedric Jorissen, Paul De Munter, Maja Noman, Vera Ballet, Séverine Vermeire, Gert Van Assche, Marc Ferrante
BACKGROUND: Despite the existence of international guidelines, vaccination in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been integrated optimally. We developed a thorough education program, and compared its influence on vaccination rates with routine clinical practice in a tertiary IBD center. METHODS: Between December 2014 and March 2015, we included 505 consecutive patients with IBD visiting our outpatient clinic (53% men, 72% Crohn's disease, median age 44 years)...
January 10, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079605/delirium-in-critically-ill-children-an-international-point-prevalence-study
#10
Chani Traube, Gabrielle Silver, Ron W Reeder, Hannah Doyle, Emily Hegel, Heather A Wolfe, Christopher Schneller, Melissa G Chung, Leslie A Dervan, Jane L DiGennaro, Sandra D W Buttram, Sapna R Kudchadkar, Kate Madden, Mary E Hartman, Mary L deAlmeida, Karen Walson, Erwin Ista, Manuel A Baarslag, Rosanne Salonia, John Beca, Debbie Long, Yu Kawai, Ira M Cheifetz, Javier Gelvez, Edward J Truemper, Rebecca L Smith, Megan E Peters, A M Iqbal O'Meara, Sarah Murphy, Abdulmohsen Bokhary, Bruce M Greenwald, Michael J Bell
OBJECTIVES: To determine prevalence of delirium in critically ill children and explore associated risk factors. DESIGN: Multi-institutional point prevalence study. SETTING: Twenty-five pediatric critical care units in the United States, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, and Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS: All children admitted to the pediatric critical care units on designated study days (n = 994). INTERVENTION: Children were screened for delirium using the Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium by the bedside nurse...
January 10, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079435/bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-at-presentation
#11
Marie Lundberg, Pia Nikander, Katja Tuomainen, Helena Orell-Kotikangas, Antti Mäkitie
CONCLUSION: Finnish head and neck cancer (HNC) patients show signs of severe malnutrition already at presentation, measured by bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA). BIA may be a practical method to detect malnutrition, analyze body composition, and to identify high-risk patients in this population. OBJECTIVES: BIA is a validated method for evaluating body composition and detecting malnutrition. Low phase angle (PA) is associated with increased mortality and morbidity...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079249/fractal-analysis-of-visual-search-activity-for-mass-detection-during-mammographic-screening
#12
Folami Alamudun, Hong-Jun Yoon, Kathleen B Hudson, Garnetta Morin-Ducote, Tracy Hammond, Georgia D Tourassi
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to assess the complexity of human visual search activity during mammographic screening using fractal analysis and to investigate its relationship with case and reader characteristics. METHODS: The study was performed for the task of mammographic screening with simultaneous viewing of four coordinated breast views as typically done in clinical practice. Eye-tracking data and diagnostic decisions collected for 100 mammographic cases (25 normal, 25 benign, 50 malignant) and 10 readers (three board certified radiologists and seven radiology residents), formed the corpus data for this study...
January 12, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078369/effectiveness-of-integrated-best-management-practices-on-mitigation-of-atrazine-and-metolachlor-in-an-agricultural-lake-watershed
#13
Richard Lizotte, Martin Locke, Ronald Bingner, R Wade Steinriede, Sammie Smith
The study examined the influence of land-use (cropping patterns) and integrated agricultural best management practices (BMPs) on spring herbicide levels in an agricultural watershed. Atrazine and metolachlor were applied for weed control during spring of 1998-2002, 2005, and 2007-2013. Watershed-wide mass of applied herbicides ranged from 12.7 to 209.2 g atrazine and 10.9-302.2 g metolachlor with greatest application during 1998, 2009-2010 (atrazine) and 2007-2013 (metolachlor). Spring herbicide concentrations in Beasley Lake water ranged from below detection to 3...
January 11, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078122/performance-status-and-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-are-important-prognostic-factors-in-elderly-patients-with-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer
#14
Makoto Kadokura, Yasuaki Ishida, Akihisa Tatsumi, Ei Takahashi, Hiroko Shindo, Fumitake Amemiya, Shinichi Takano, Mitsuharu Fukasawa, Tadashi Sato, Nobuyuki Enomoto
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of various prognostic factors for pancreatic cancer (PC) has been reported, but the number of elderly patients in these studies is disproportionately fewer compared with those in everyday practice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic factors for unresectable PC in elderly patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 67 elderly (age ≥75 years) patients with unresectable PC who underwent chemotherapy between January 2006 and December 2014 at our hospital...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077456/revealing-nonclassicality-beyond-gaussian-states-via-a-single-marginal-distribution
#15
Jiyong Park, Yao Lu, Jaehak Lee, Yangchao Shen, Kuan Zhang, Shuaining Zhang, Muhammad Suhail Zubairy, Kihwan Kim, Hyunchul Nha
A standard method to obtain information on a quantum state is to measure marginal distributions along many different axes in phase space, which forms a basis of quantum-state tomography. We theoretically propose and experimentally demonstrate a general framework to manifest nonclassicality by observing a single marginal distribution only, which provides a unique insight into nonclassicality and a practical applicability to various quantum systems. Our approach maps the 1D marginal distribution into a factorized 2D distribution by multiplying the measured distribution or the vacuum-state distribution along an orthogonal axis...
January 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077019/independence-proposing-an-initial-framework-for-occupational-therapy
#16
Bethan Collins
BACKGROUND: The concept of independence is common in occupational therapy theory and practice but has rarely been clearly defined or conceptualized within in occupational therapy literature and there seems to be no standard definition. This can result in ambiguity, which potentially jeopardizes client-centred practice. AIM: This paper proposes an occupational therapy independence framework (OTIF) that synthesizes the range of characterizations of independence in a practically useful and occupation-centred manner...
January 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076432/development-of-a-humane-slaughter-device-for-green-turtles-for-use-by-traditional-owners-in-the-torres-strait-islands-australia
#17
Mark Flint, Paul C Mills, Frank Loban, Tristan Simpson, Stan Lui, Ronald Fujii, Don Whap, Jaylene B Flint, Helen Owen
Marine turtles are caught and slaughtered for consumption as part of traditional indigenous community harvest in Australia as well as in many countries in which marine turtles can be found. However, changes to the Animal Care and Protection Act 2001 in 2012 resulted in Australian indigenous hunters becoming potentially liable to prosecution for using traditional practices to slaughter marine turtles. To provide indigenous hunters with an alternative scientifically tested method to hunt, we developed and tested a humane method as an option to use in indigenous communities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074355/evaluation-of-visual-pedagogy-in-dental-check-ups-and-preventive-practices-among-6-12-year-old-children-with-autism
#18
Firoozeh Nilchian, Fereshteh Shakibaei, Zeinab Taghi Jarah
This study was aimed to evaluate the impact of visual pedagogy in dental check-ups and preventive practices among children with autism aged 6-12. In this randomized double-blind clinical trial, the cooperation of 40 children with autism age 6-12. The selected children were equally divided into two groups of case and control (n = 20). The obtained data were analyzed by statistical tests, including Chi square and independent t test. The results of Cochran showed a significant increase in children's cooperation with regard to fluoride therapy in the case group by repeating the visit and training sessions (p ≤ 0...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073996/estimate-of-false-positive-breast-cancer-diagnoses-from-accuracy-studies-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Nereo Segnan, Silvia Minozzi, Antonio Ponti, Cristina Bellisario, Sara Balduzzi, Marien González-Lorenzo, Silvia Gianola, Paola Armaroli
BACKGROUND: False-positive histological diagnoses have the same consequences of overdiagnosis in terms of unnecessary treatment. The aim of this systematic review is to assess their frequency at needle core biopsy (CB) and/or surgical excision of the breast. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library were systematically searched up to 30 October 2015. Eligibility criteria: cross-sectional studies assessing diagnostic accuracy of CB compared with surgical excision; studies assessing reproducibility of pathologists reading the same slides...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072957/-a-cross-sectional-survey-on-the-patterns-of-primary-teeth-eruption-in-2-581-children
#20
R X Li, Y Hu
Objective: To investigate the patterns of primary teeth eruption by a cross-sectional survey in 0-40 months old children in Chongqing and to provide normal timetables of tooth eruption that are practical in general physical growth assessment. Method: Data of 2 581 0-40 months old healthy children were collected from January 2014 to January 2016 at Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. General information was recorded by primary child health care doctors, including age, gender, gestation age, birth weight, time and sequence of first primary tooth eruption, number of teeth and age of totally primary teeth emergence...
January 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
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