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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793011/thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-tevar-versus-best-medical-treatment-bmt-for-high-risk-type-b-intramural-hematoma-imh-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-studies
#1
REVIEW
Lin Li, Yuanyong Jiao, Junjie Zou, Xiwei Zhang, Hongyu Yang, Hao Ma
BACKGROUND: To date , thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for type B aortic dissection is favorable, but TEVAR for type B IMH remains uncertain. There are numerous clinical (eg, refractory pain) and radiologic (eg, IMH thickness) factors that are reported to be associated with IMH progression, challenging the treatment for high-risk type B IMH with high risk factors in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of clinical studies to investigate outcomes of TEVAR+BMT and BMT in the treatment of high-risk type B IMH ...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792504/measurement-invariance-of-tgmd-3-in-children-with-and-without-mental-and-behavioral-disorders
#2
Daniele Magistro, Giovanni Piumatti, Fabio Carlevaro, Lauren B Sherar, Dale W Esliger, Giulia Bardaglio, Francesca Magno, Massimiliano Zecca, Giovanni Musella
This study evaluated whether the Test of Gross Motor Development 3 (TGMD-3) is a reliable tool to compare children with and without mental and behavioral disorders across gross motor skill domains. A total of 1,075 children (aged 3-11 years), 98 with mental and behavioral disorders and 977 without (typically developing), were included in the analyses. The TGMD-3 evaluates fundamental gross motor skills of children across two domains: locomotor skills and ball skills. Two independent testers simultaneously observed children's performances (agreement over 95%)...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792475/the-alliance-in-adult-psychotherapy-a-meta-analytic-synthesis
#3
Christoph Flückiger, A C Del Re, Bruce E Wampold, Adam O Horvath
The alliance continues to be one of the most investigated variables related to success in psychotherapy irrespective of theoretical orientation. We define and illustrate the alliance (also conceptualized as therapeutic alliance, helping alliance, or working alliance) and then present a meta-analysis of 295 independent studies that covered more than 30,000 patients (published between 1978 and 2017) for face-to-face and Internet-based psychotherapy. The relation of the alliance and treatment outcome was investigated using a three-level meta-analysis with random-effects restricted maximum-likelihood estimators...
May 24, 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792457/evaluating-problem-solving-teams-in-k-12-schools-do-they-work
#4
Sylvia Rosenfield, Markeda Newell, Scott Zwolski, Lauren E Benishek
Teams and other collaborative structures have become commonplace in American schools, although historically school staff members functioned more independently from one another. In this article, we describe the growing influence of collaboration and teaming in a variety of school contexts, but focus on the empirical literature on problem-solving teams as reflecting the state of research and practice in the schools. A review of the research on problem-solving teams, using an input-mediator-outcome-input framework, provides evidence for how teaming could become more effective and efficient in this context as well as sets an agenda for what additional research is needed...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792456/teamwork-situated-in-multiteam-systems-key-lessons-learned-and-future-opportunities
#5
Marissa L Shuffler, Dorothy R Carter
Many important contexts requiring teamwork, including health care, space exploration, national defense, and scientific discovery, present important challenges that cannot be addressed by a single team working independently. Instead, the complex goals these contexts present often require effectively coordinated efforts of multiple specialized teams working together as a multiteam system (MTS). For almost 2 decades, researchers have endeavored to understand the novelties and nuances for teamwork and collaboration that ensue when teams operate together as "component teams" in these interdependent systems...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792102/entrusting-internal-medicine-residents-to-use-point-of-care-ultrasound-towards-improved-assessment-and-supervision
#6
Daniel J Schnobrich, Benji K Mathews, Bernard E Trappey, Brian K Muthyala, Andrew P J Olson
BACKGROUND: Internal medicine physicians and trainees are increasingly using, and seeking training in, diagnostic point of care ultrasound (POCUS). Numerous internal medicine training programs have described their curricula, but little has been written about how learners should be assessed, supervised, and allowed to progress toward independent practice, yet these practices are imperative for safe and effective use. Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) offer a practical method to assess observable units of professional work and make supervision decisions...
May 23, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791637/board-games-gerotechnology-in-nursing-care-practice
#7
Paula Cristina de Andrade Pires Olympio, Neide Aparecida Titonelli Alvim
OBJECTIVE: To create a board game as a form of gerotechnology to promote active and healthy aging. METHOD: This was a qualitative, convergent care study conducted with 32 older adults. Individual interviews, creativity and sensitivity techniques, group discussions, and participant observations guided by Paulo Freire's theoretical framework of problematization were used to produce data. The participants and researchers assessed the entire production process at the end of the study, after the gerotechnology was implemented in the groups...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791605/athlete-s-heart-in-a-brazilian-paralympic-judo-team-case-series-study
#8
Japy Angelini Oliveira Filho, Maria Beatriz Monteiro Barros, Ana Fátima Salles, Leandro Santini Echenique, Orlando Campos Filho, Rui Manoel Santos Póvoa
BACKGROUND: Athlete's heart is a term describing the cardiovascular effects of long-term conditioning among highly trained athletes. It is a variation of normal standards. DESIGN AND SETTING: Case series study at the cardiology division of a public university hospital. METHODS: We studied 14 visually handicapped paralympic athletes (8 men) in the national judo team. They were 26.3 ± 6.4 years old, with body mass index 25 ± 14, and had been practicing judo for 9...
March 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791280/the-effects-of-publicized-suicide-deaths-on-subsequent-suicide-counts-in-israel
#9
Shelly S Bakst, Yakir Berdechenko, Tali Braun, Tamy Shohat
This study investigated associations between indiscriminate media reporting of suicides and later inflated suicide counts among Israel's general population between the years 2008 through 2012. Self-inflicted deaths that received post-suicide media exposure (referred to as 'publicized suicides') were selected via Google news search-hit appraisals. Distributions of suicides were inspected and Risk Ratios (RRs) estimated by comparing population suicide rates 4-weeks before and 4-weeks after each publicized suicide ('reference' vs...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791019/withdrawn-treatments-for-adults-with-prominent-lower-front-teeth
#10
REVIEW
Hideko Minami-Sugaya, Débora A Lentini-Oliveira, Fernando R Carvalho, Marco Antonio C Machado, Clóvis Marzola, Humberto Saconato, Gilmar F Prado
BACKGROUND: Prominent lower front teeth may be associated with a large or prognathic lower jaw (mandible) or a small or retrusive upper jaw (maxilla). Edward Angle, who may be considered the father of modern orthodontics, classified the malocclusion in this situation as Class III. The individual is described as having a negative or reverse overjet as the lower front teeth are more prominent than the upper front teeth. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate different treatments of Angle Class III malocclusion in adults...
May 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790942/exposing-the-science-in-citizen-science-fitness-to-purpose-and-intentional-design
#11
Julia K Parrish, Hillary Burgess, Jake F Weltzin, Lucy Fortson, Andrea Wiggins, Brooke Simmons
Citizen science is a growing phenomenon. With millions of people involved and billions of in-kind dollars contributed annually, this broad extent, fine grain approach to data collection should be garnering enthusiastic support in the mainstream science and higher education communities. However, many academic researchers demonstrate distinct biases against the use of citizen science as a source of rigorous information. To engage the public in scientific research, and the research community in the practice of citizen science, a mutual understanding is needed of accepted quality standards in science, and the corresponding specifics of project design and implementation when working with a broad public base...
May 21, 2018: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790417/systematic-evaluation-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-pharmacogenomics
#12
Robert D Beckett, David F Kisor, Thomas Smith, Brooke Vonada
AIM: To systematically assess methodological quality of pharmacogenomics clinical practice guidelines. METHODS: Guidelines published through 2017 were reviewed by at least three independent reviewers using the AGREE II instrument, which consists of 23 items grouped into 6 domains and 2 items representing an overall assessment. Items were assessed on a seven-point rating scale, and aggregate quality scores were calculated. RESULTS: 31 articles were included...
June 1, 2018: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790195/a-licence-to-drive-neurological-illness-loss-and-disruption
#13
Melissa Stepney, Susan Kirkpatrick, Louise Locock, Suman Prinjha, Sara Ryan
The sense of freedom and independence that being able to drive generates may be taken for granted by many until it is threatened by illness. Drawing on the 'mobility turn' in social sciences that emphasises the social and emotional significance of the car (Sheller and Urry , ), this article presents secondary analysis of narratives of driving and its significance across four neurological conditions (epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, transient ischaemic attack and motor neurone disease). Taking an interactionist approach we explore how the withdrawal of a driving licence can represent not just a practical and emotional loss of independence, but also loss of enjoyment; of a sense and feeling of 'normal' adulthood and social participation; and of an identity (in some cases gendered) of strength and power...
May 22, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789521/triad3a-induces-the-degradation-of-early-necrosome-to-limit-ripk1-dependent-cytokine-production-and-necroptosis
#14
Norah A Alturki, Scott McComb, Ardeshir Ariana, Dikchha Rijal, Robert G Korneluk, Shao-Cong Sun, Emad Alnemri, Subash Sad
Understanding the molecular signaling in programmed cell death is vital to a practical understanding of inflammation and immune cell function. Here we identify a previously unrecognized mechanism that functions to downregulate the necrosome, a central signaling complex involved in inflammation and necroptosis. We show that RipK1 associates with RipK3 in an early necrosome, independent of RipK3 phosphorylation and MLKL-induced necroptotic death. We find that formation of the early necrosome activates K48-ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal degradation of RipK1, Caspase-8, and other necrosomal proteins...
May 22, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788987/efficacy-of-the-buzzy%C3%A2-device-for-pain-management-of-children-during-needle-related-procedures-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Ariane Ballard, Christelle Khadra, Samara Adler, Evelyne Doyon-Trottier, Sylvie Le May
BACKGROUND: Needle-related procedures are the most important source of pain in children in hospital setting. Unmanaged pain could result in short- and long-term physiological, psychological, and emotional consequences. Although the efficacy of numerous interventions has been evaluated, procedural pain management is often suboptimal in children undergoing needle-related procedures. The main objective of this systematic review is to examine the evidence for the efficacy of the Buzzy® device for needle-related procedural pain in children...
May 22, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788928/residents-breastfeeding-knowledge-comfort-practices-and-perceptions-results-of-the-breastfeeding-resident-education-study-brest
#16
Elizabeth Esselmont, Katherine Moreau, Mary Aglipay, Catherine M Pound
BACKGROUND: Physicians have a significant impact on new mothers' breastfeeding practices. However, physicians' breastfeeding knowledge is suboptimal. This knowledge deficit could be the result of limited breastfeeding education in residency. This study aimed to explore pediatric residents' breastfeeding knowledge, comfort level, clinical practices, and perceptions. It also investigated the level and type of education residents receive on breastfeeding and their preferences for improving it...
May 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788537/ten-years-of-medical-education-registrars-value-added
#17
Victoria Brazil, Lorna Davin
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of any long-term follow up of trainees' career pathways or organisational outcomes from medical education registrar posts in emergency medicine training. We report on the experience of a selected group of medical education trainees during and subsequent to their post and reflect on the value added to emergency medical education at three institutions. METHODS: We conducted an online survey study, examining quantitative outcomes and qualitative reflections, of emergency physicians who had previously undertaken a medical education registrar post...
May 22, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788240/predictors-and-management-of-loss-of-response-to-vedolizumab-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#18
Eugenia Shmidt, Gursimran Kochhar, Justin Hartke, Prianka Chilukuri, Joseph Meserve, Khadija Chaudrey, Jenna L Koliani-Pace, Robert Hirten, David Faleck, Morris Barocas, Michelle Luo, Karen Lasch, Brigid S Boland, Siddharth Singh, Niels Vande Casteele, Sashidhar Varma Sagi, Monika Fischer, Shannon Chang, Matthew Bohm, Dana Lukin, Keith Sultan, Arun Swaminath, David Hudesman, Nitin Gupta, Sunanda Kane, Edward V Loftus, William J Sandborn, Corey A Siegel, Bruce E Sands, Jean-Frederic Colombel, Bo Shen, Parambir S Dulai
Background: We quantified loss of response (LOR) to vedolizumab (VDZ) in clinical practice and assessed the effectiveness of VDZ dose intensification for managing LOR. Methods: Retrospective review (May 2014-December 2016) of a prospectively maintained inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) registry. Kaplan-Meier estimates were used to determine rates of LOR to VDZ . Independent predictors of LOR were identified using univariate and multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression...
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787524/critical-appraisal-of-international-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-kidney-transplantation-using-the-appraisal-of-guidelines-for-research-and-education-agree-ii-tool-a-systematic-review
#19
Katriona Jane Marie OʼDonoghue, Rhiannon D Reed, Simon R Knight, John M O'Callaghan, Anam A Ayaz-Shah, Sevda Hassan, Annemarie Weissenbacher, Peter J Morris, Liset H M Pengel
BACKGROUND: Whilst Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) are used for the development of local protocols in kidney transplantation (Ktx), the quality of their methodology is variable. This systematic review aimed to critically appraise international CPGs in all aspects of Ktx using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II tool. METHODS: CPGs in Ktx and donation published between 2010 and 2017 were identified from MEDLINE, Embase, National Guideline Clearinghouse, NHS and NICE Evidence Searches, and the websites of transplant societies...
May 22, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786572/dysadipokinemia-in-patients-with-gout-and-its-association-with-the-disease-activity
#20
Inna V Orlova, Mykola A Stanislavchuk, Iryna P Gunko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In recent years, the role of adipokines in the development of rheumatic diseases has been a pressing issue. The available data suggest the dysadipokinemia in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and psoriatic arthritis. However, there is no data on changes in the levels of adipokines in patients with gout and their association with the activity of inflammatory process. The aim was to study the levels of adipokines in gout patients and evaluate their association with the disease activity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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