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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166432/engagement-in-physical-education-classes-and-health-among-young-people-does-sports-practice-matter-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Diogo Henrique Constantino Coledam, Philippe Fanelli Ferraiol
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Physical education classes aim to promote health but it is unknown whether benefits occur independently of sports practice. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between engagement in physical education classes and physical fitness and obesity according to sports practice among Brazilian students. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional school-based study involving 737 students aged 10-17 years in southern Brazil. METHODS: Engagement in physical education classes and sports practice were analyzed using a self-report questionnaire...
November 17, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166183/the-development-of-an-interactive-health-education-model-based-on-the-djuwita-application-for-adolescent-girls
#2
Sri Djuwitaningsih, Setyowati
Alarming incidents of maternal deaths in Indonesia are due to three major causes: bleeding, sepsis, and hypertension, in addition to other non-obstetric causes and unsafe abortions. Adolescent girls contributed to maternal mortality based on early marriage, unwanted pregnancy, and childbirth. Prevention efforts have been taken through government programs and non-governmental organizations, but in practice those were considered ineffective. Thus, a preventative effort in the form of health education should be made, preferably embedded in a popular mobile application that most teenagers would be apt to use...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165831/external-validation-of-the-ita-li-ca-prognostic-system-for-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-multicenter-cohort-study-hep-17-0903
#3
Mauro Borzio, Elena Dionigi, Angelo Rossini, Massimo Marignani, Rodolfo Sacco, Ilario De Sio, Emanuela Bertolini, Giampiero Francica, Anna Giacomin, Giancarlo Parisi, Susanna Vicari, Anna Toldi, Andrea Salmi, Sergio Boccia, Mario Mitra, Fabio Fornari
Several staging systems for HCC have been developed. BCLC is considered the best in predicting survival, although limitations have emerged. Recently the Italian-Liver-Cancer (ITA.LI.CA) prognostic system, integrating the ITA.LI.CA tumor-staging (stages 0, A, B1-3; C) with Child-Pugh score, ECOG-PST, and AFP with a strong ability to predict survival was proposed. Aim of our study was to provide an external validation of the ITA.LI.CA system in an independent real-life occidental cohort of HCCs. METHODS: From September 2008 to April 2016, 1508 cirrhotics with incident HCC were consecutively enrolled in 27 Italian institutions (EpaHCC multi-institutional cohort)...
November 22, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165586/extent-of-physician-pharmaceutical-industry-interactions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#4
Racha Fadlallah, Lina Alkhaled, Hneine Brax, Mayse Nasser, Mhd Hashem Rajabbik, Hala Nass, Lara A Kahale, Elie A Akl
Background: Pharmaceutical companies spend large amounts of money promoting their products to physicians. There is evidence that physicians' interactions with pharmaceutical companies negatively affect their prescribing patterns. The objective of this study was to systematically review the extent of the relationship between physicians and pharmaceutical companies in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods: Studies assessing the extent of any type of interaction between practicing physicians and pharmaceutical companies were eligible...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164799/suicidal-ideation-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-and-its-association-with-suspiciousness-independent-of-depression
#5
Minji Bang, Jin Young Park, Kyung Ran Kim, Su Young Lee, Yun Young Song, Jee In Kang, Eun Lee, Suk Kyoon An
AIM: Psychotic experiences, including delusions and hallucinations, and their attenuated forms have been recently suggested as a significant but under-recognized marker of suicide risk. However, the relationship between attenuated positive symptoms and suicide has not yet been clearly demonstrated in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis. Here, we investigated the effect of attenuated positive symptoms on suicidal ideation in UHR individuals. METHODS: Fifty-three healthy controls (HCs) and 74 UHR individuals participated in the present study...
November 22, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164603/18f-pet-with-florbetapir-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci
#6
REVIEW
Gabriel Martínez, Robin Wm Vernooij, Paulina Fuentes Padilla, Javier Zamora, Xavier Bonfill Cosp, Leon Flicker
BACKGROUND: (18)F-florbetapir uptake by brain tissue measured by positron emission tomography (PET) is accepted by regulatory agencies like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicine Agencies (EMA) for assessing amyloid load in people with dementia. Its added value is mainly demonstrated by excluding Alzheimer's pathology in an established dementia diagnosis. However, the National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) revised the diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease and confidence in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease may be increased when using amyloid biomarkers tests like (18)F-florbetapir...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164602/18f-pet-with-flutemetamol-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci
#7
REVIEW
Gabriel Martínez, Robin Wm Vernooij, Paulina Fuentes Padilla, Javier Zamora, Leon Flicker, Xavier Bonfill Cosp
BACKGROUND: (18)F-flutemetamol uptake by brain tissue, measured by positron emission tomography (PET), is accepted by regulatory agencies like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicine Agencies (EMA) for assessing amyloid load in people with dementia. Its added value is mainly demonstrated by excluding Alzheimer's pathology in an established dementia diagnosis. However, the National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) revised the diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease and the confidence in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease may be increased when using some amyloid biomarkers tests like (18)F-flutemetamol...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164600/18f-pet-with-florbetaben-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci
#8
REVIEW
Gabriel Martínez, Robin Wm Vernooij, Paulina Fuentes Padilla, Javier Zamora, Leon Flicker, Xavier Bonfill Cosp
BACKGROUND: (18)F-florbetaben uptake by brain tissue, measured by positron emission tomography (PET), is accepted by regulatory agencies like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicine Agencies (EMA) for assessing amyloid load in people with dementia. Its added value is mainly demonstrated by excluding Alzheimer's pathology in an established dementia diagnosis. However, the National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) revised the diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease and confidence in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease may be increased when using some amyloid biomarkers tests like (18)F-florbetaben...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164125/malnutrition-upon-hospital-admission-in-geriatric-patients-why-assess-it
#9
Paolo Orlandoni, Claudia Venturini, Nikolina Jukic Peladic, Annarita Costantini, Mirko Di Rosa, Claudia Cola, Natascia Giorgini, Redenta Basile, Donata Fagnani, Debora Sparvoli, Serenella David
Objective: To assess the prevalence of malnutrition according to the new ESPEN definition in a population of geriatric hospital patients and to determine how malnutrition affects the length of hospital stay (LOS) and hospital mortality. Design: A retrospective analysis of data gathered during nutritional screening surveys carried out three consecutive years, from 2012 to 2014, in an Italian geriatric research hospital (INRCA, Ancona) was performed. On the day of the study, demographic data, data on clinical conditions and the nutritional status of newly admitted patients were collected...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164057/diagnostic-and-prognostic-significance-of-methionine-uptake-and-methionine-positron-emission-tomography-imaging-in-gliomas
#10
REVIEW
Kamalakannan Palanichamy, Arnab Chakravarti
The present most common image diagnostic tracer in clinical practice for glioma is (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) for brain tumors diagnosis and prognosis. PET is a promising molecular imaging technique, which provides real-time information on the metabolic behavior of the tracer. The diffusive nature of glioblastoma (GBM) and heterogeneity often make the radiographic detection by FDG-PET inaccurate, and there is no gold standard. FDG-PET often leads to several controversies in making clinical decisions due to their uptake by normal surrounding tissues, and pose a challenge in delineating treatment-induced necrosis, edema, inflammation, and pseudoprogression...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163939/infection-prevention-and-control-measures-and-tools-for-the-prevention-of-entry-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-into-healthcare-settings-guidance-from-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control
#11
A P Magiorakos, K Burns, J Rodríguez Baño, M Borg, G Daikos, U Dumpis, J C Lucet, M L Moro, E Tacconelli, G Skov Simonsen, E Szilágyi, A Voss, J T Weber
Background: Infections with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are increasingly being reported from patients in healthcare settings. They are associated with high patient morbidity, attributable mortality and hospital costs. Patients who are "at-risk" may be carriers of these multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDR-E).The purpose of this guidance is to raise awareness and identify the "at-risk" patient when admitted to a healthcare setting and to outline effective infection prevention and control measures to halt the entry and spread of CRE...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163659/automated-quality-control-of-ultrasound-based-on-in-air-reverberation-patterns
#12
Pepijn van Horssen, Arnold Schilham, Dennis Dickerscheid, Niels van der Werf, Han Keijzers, Ronald van Almere, Joost Kuijer, Rob Peters, Mark Hofman
Ultrasound image degradation originates primarily from transducer defects and potentially undermines reliable image interpretation. Systematic quantitative quality control is often neglected due to the limited resources available for this task. We propose a quantitative quality control based on in-air reverberation images. These images serve as an initial indication of image degradation. They are easily generated for any (curvi-)linear transducer independent of the level of expertise of the operator. Automated analysis is presented to extract quality parameters based on the in-air reverberation pattern...
November 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163137/multiple-evidences-for-association-between-cognitive-impairment-and-dysglycemia-in-parkinson-s-disease-implications-for-clinical-practice
#13
Liu Yang, Zhilin Chen, Bo Li, Meihua Wang, Lijia Yu, Ying Wan, Jing Gan, Yu Zhang, Zhenguo Liu, Xijin Wang
Background and purpose: It remains unclear about the etiopathogenesis of cognitive impairment (CI) in Parkinson's disease (PD). Since diabetes mellitus (DM) has been shown to be associated with CI in several diseases, we examined the association between CI and dysglycemia in PD. Methods: Enrolled PD patients completed a series of clinical and neuropsychological assessments. Motor symptoms were determined by Hohen-Yahr staging (H-Y staging) and Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale - motor score (UPDRS-III)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163119/running-neuroimaging-applications-on-amazon-web-services-how-when-and-at-what-cost
#14
Tara M Madhyastha, Natalie Koh, Trevor K M Day, Moises Hernández-Fernández, Austin Kelley, Daniel J Peterson, Sabreena Rajan, Karl A Woelfer, Jonathan Wolf, Thomas J Grabowski
The contribution of this paper is to identify and describe current best practices for using Amazon Web Services (AWS) to execute neuroimaging workflows "in the cloud." Neuroimaging offers a vast set of techniques by which to interrogate the structure and function of the living brain. However, many of the scientists for whom neuroimaging is an extremely important tool have limited training in parallel computation. At the same time, the field is experiencing a surge in computational demands, driven by a combination of data-sharing efforts, improvements in scanner technology that allow acquisition of images with higher image resolution, and by the desire to use statistical techniques that stress processing requirements...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162753/assessment-of-pain-in-the-elderly-a-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Yoon-Sook Kim, Jae-Min Park, Yeon-Sil Moon, Seol-Heui Han
BACKGROUND: Pain perception is highly subjective, and effective pain management can be challenging in the elderly. We aimed to identify a set of practical measures that could be used to assess pain in elderly patients with or without cognitive impairment, as the first step towards effectively managing their pain. METHODS: We used the PRISMA guidelines for this literature review. Two reviewers independently assessed titles, abstracts and full-text articles, and a third reviewer resolved any disagreements...
July 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162320/controlled-human-infections-a-report-from-the-controlled-human-infection-models-workshop-leiden-university-medical-centre-4-6-may-2016
#16
Meta Roestenberg, Annie Mo, Peter G Kremsner, Maria Yazdanbakhsh
The principle of deliberately infecting humans with infectious agents in a controlled setting, so-called controlled human infections (CHI), is not novel. Many CHI models have a long history and were established decades ago such as the intentional exposure to yellow fever and dengue performed in the 1900's (Reed, 1902) [2]. In these times bioethics and scientific reasoning were in their infancy. Nowadays, clinical trials are highly regulated and CHI are executed worldwide. Controlled human malaria infections and influenza infections are the two most frequently practiced...
November 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162151/are-identities-oral-understanding-ethnobotanical-knowledge-after-irish-independence-1937-1939
#17
Fiona Shannon, Astrid Sasse, Helen Sheridan, Michael Heinrich
BACKGROUND: The Schools' Folklore Scheme (1937-1939) was implemented at a pivotal time in Irelands' political history. It resulted in a body of ethnological information that is unique in terms of when, why and how it was collected. This material consists of over 700,000 pages of information, including ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical traditions, reflecting an oral identity that spans generations and that in many cases was not documented in writing until the 1930s. The intention of this study is to highlight the importance of the Schools' Folklore Scheme and to demonstrate an ethnographic approach based on recollections of original participants of the scheme, to further understand the material in the collection and the impact it had on the participants...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162119/improving-health-worker-performance-of-abortion-services-an-assessment-of-post-training-support-to-providers-in-india-nepal-and-nigeria
#18
Janie Benson, Joan Healy, Sally Dijkerman, Kathryn Andersen
BACKGROUND: Health worker performance has been the focus of numerous interventions and evaluation studies in low- and middle-income countries. Few have examined changes in individual provider performance with an intervention encompassing post-training support contacts to improve their clinical practice and resolve programmatic problems. This paper reports the results of an intervention with 3471 abortion providers in India, Nepal and Nigeria. METHODS: Following abortion care training, providers received in-person visits and virtual contacts by a clinical and programmatic support team for a 12-month period, designed to address their individual practice issues...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161904/consequences-of-testing-for-mismatch-repair-deficiency-of-colorectal-cancer-in-clinical-practice
#19
L W Leicher, M H A Lammertink, S R Offerman, H Morreau, M M de Jong, J W B de Groot, H L van Westreenen, H F A Vasen, W H de Vos Tot Nederveen Cappel
INTRODUCTION: Mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR) can be found in Lynch syndrome (LS)-associated colorectal carcinoma and in 15% of sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC). Outcome of MMR-deficiency testing is important for surgical decisions as extended colectomy is recommended in young LS-patients with CRC. Moreover, the finding of a dMMR tumour has consequences for the choices of adjuvant chemotherapy as MMR-deficient CRC is resistant to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) monotherapy. Aims of our study are to evaluate whether MMR-deficiency testing leads to (1) identification of LS, (2) change in surgical treatment and (3) adjustment of systemic therapy in patients with dMMR CRC...
November 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161454/religious-and-spiritual-practices-among-home-less-urban-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-with-severe-alcohol-problems
#20
Dennis C Wendt, Susan E Collins, Lonnie A Nelson, Kelly Serafini, Seema L Clifasefi, Dennis M Donovan
Engagement in religious and spiritual practices may be protective for homeless individuals with alcohol-related problems. However, little is known in this regard for urban-dwelling American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) who have disproportionately high rates of homelessness and co-occurring alcohol use problems. Using secondary data from a nonrandomized controlled study testing a Housing First intervention, AI/AN participants (n = 52) and non-AI/AN participants (n = 82) were compared on demographic variables, alcohol use problems, religious affiliations, and religious/spiritual practices (importance, frequency, and type)...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
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