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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684403/white-matter-pathways-and-social-cognition
#1
REVIEW
Yin Wang, Athanasia Metoki, Kylie H Alm, Ingrid R Olson
There is a growing consensus that social cognition and behavior emerge from interactions across distributed regions of the "social brain". Researchers have traditionally focused their attention on functional response properties of these gray matter networks and neglected the vital role of white matter connections in establishing such networks and their functions. In this article, we conduct a comprehensive review of prior research on structural connectivity in social neuroscience and highlight the importance of this literature in clarifying brain mechanisms of social cognition...
April 20, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672510/rodent-borne-diseases-and-their-public-health-importance-in-iran
#2
REVIEW
Mohammad Hasan Rabiee, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Roohollah Siahsarvie, Boris Kryštufek, Ehsan Mostafavi
BACKGROUND: Rodents are reservoirs and hosts for several zoonotic diseases such as plague, leptospirosis, and leishmaniasis. Rapid development of industry and agriculture, as well as climate change throughout the globe, has led to change or increase in occurrence of rodent-borne diseases. Considering the distribution of rodents throughout Iran, the aim of this review is to assess the risk of rodent-borne diseases in Iran. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDING: We searched Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Scientific Information Database (SID), and Magiran databases up to September 2016 to obtain articles reporting occurrence of rodent-borne diseases in Iran and extract information from them...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670344/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-a-fixed-dose-combination-of-indacaterol-and-glycopyrronium-as-maintenance-treatment-for-copd
#3
Ming-Cheng Chan, Elise Chia-Hui Tan, Ming-Chin Yang
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the long-acting beta-2 agonist (LABA)/long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) dual bronchodilator indacaterol/glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) as a maintenance treatment for COPD patients from the perspective of health care payer in Taiwan. Patients and methods: We adopted a patient-level simulation model, which included a cohort of COPD patients aged ≥40 years. The intervention used in the study was the treatment using IND/GLY, and comparators were tiotropium or salmeterol/fluticasone combination (SFC)...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668340/factors-associated-with-adolescent-and-caregiver-reported-problems-in-using-asthma-medications
#4
Betsy Sleath, Delesha M Carpenter, Kathleen E Walsh, Scott A Davis, Claire Hayes Watson, Charles Lee, Ceila E Loughlin, Nacire Garcia, Daniel S Reuland, Gail Tudor
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to: (a) describe the types of medication problems/concerns youth with asthma and their caregivers reported and (b) examine the association between socio-demographic characteristics and youth and caregiver reported medication problems/concerns. METHODS: English-and Spanish-speaking youth ages 11-17 with persistent asthma were recruited at four pediatric clinics. Youth were interviewed and caregivers completed questionnaires about reported asthma medication concerns/problems...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667796/isotretinoin-the-ups-are-just-as-troubling-as-the-downs
#5
Jay M Truitt, Jason S Reichenberg, Kevin G Sharghi, Shirlene M Sampson, Randall K Roenigk, Michelle Magid
INTRODUCTION: Isotretinoin, previously marketed as Accutane®, is an oral retinoid medication that is used to treat acne and other cutaneous disorders. Although the data is conflicting, previous reports suggest a causal relationship between isotretinoin and depression. When reviewing these previous reports, many patients who were diagnosed as 'depressed' did not undergo a thorough psychiatric evaluation and/or were not diagnosed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660087/older-adults-pay-an-additional-cost-when-texting-and-walking-effects-of-age-environment-and-use-of-mixed-reality-on-dual-task-performance
#6
Tal Krasovsky, Patrice L Weiss, Rachel Kizony
Background: Texting while walking (TeWW) has become common among people of all ages, and mobile phone use during gait is increasingly associated with pedestrian injury. Although dual-task walking performance is known to decline with age, data regarding the effect of age on dual-task performance in ecological settings are limited. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of age, environment (indoors/outdoors), and mixed reality (merging of real and virtual environments) on TeWW performance...
April 6, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649317/-i-could-not-join-because-i-had-to-work-for-pay-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-falciparum-malaria-pro-active-case-detection-in-three-rural-cambodian-villages
#7
Pierluigi Taffon, Gabriele Rossi, Jean-Marie Kindermans, Rafael Van den Bergh, Chea Nguon, Mark Debackere, Lieven Vernaeve, Martin De Smet, Emilie Venables
BACKGROUND: Pro-active case detection (Pro-ACD), in the form of voluntary screening and treatment (VSAT) following community mobilisation about 'asymptomatic malaria', is currently being evaluated as a tool for Plasmodium falciparum elimination in Preah Vihear Province, Cambodia. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted to explore community understanding, perceptions, expectations and acceptability of the Pro-ACD intervention in order to identify aspects that could be improved in future Pro-ACD activities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644503/inequalities-in-child-immunization-coverage-in-ghana-evidence-from-a-decomposition-analysis
#8
Derek Asuman, Charles Godfred Ackah, Ulrika Enemark
Childhood vaccination has been promoted as a global intervention aimed at improving child survival and health, through the reduction of vaccine preventable deaths. However, there exist significant inequalities in achieving universal coverage of child vaccination among and within countries. In this paper, we examine rural-urban inequalities in child immunizations in Ghana. Using data from the recent two waves of the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, we examine the probability that a child between 12 and 59 months receives the required vaccinations and proceed to decompose the sources of inequalities in the probability of full immunization between rural and urban areas...
April 11, 2018: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643744/cost-effectiveness-of-the-recommended-medical-intervention-for-the-treatment-of-dysmenorrhea-and-endometriosis-in-japan
#9
Ichiro Arakawa, Mikio Momoeda, Yutaka Osuga, Ikuko Ota, Kaori Koga
Background and objective: This study aims to assess the cost-effectiveness of early physician consultation and guideline-based intervention to prevent endometriosis and/or disease progression using oral contraceptive (OC) and progestin compared to follow-up of self-care for dysmenorrhea in Japan. Methods: A yearly-transmitted Markov model of five major health states with four sub-medical states was constructed. Transition probabilities among health and medical states were derived from Japanese epidemiological patient surveys and converted to appropriate parameters for inputting into the model...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629450/first-principles-investigation-of-the-lewis-acid-base-adduct-formation-at-the-methylammonium-lead-iodide-surface
#10
Giacomo Giorgi, Koichi Yamashita, Hiroshi Segawa
We have here performed a campaign of ab initio calculations focusing on the anchoring mechanism and adduct formation of some Lewis bases, both aliphatic and aromatic, on a PbI2-rich flat (001) methylammonium lead iodide (MAPI) surface. Our goal is to provide theoretical support to the recently reported experimental techniques of MAPI surface passivation via Lewis acid-base neutralization and similarly of MAI·PbI2·(Lewis base) adduct formation. We tested several X-donor bases (X = :N, :O, :S), paying attention to the thermodynamic stability of the final MAPI·base adducts and to their electronic properties...
April 9, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628019/impact-of-five-annual-rounds-of-mass-drug-administration-with-ivermectin-on-onchocerciasis-in-sierra-leone
#11
Joseph B Koroma, Santigie Sesay, Abdul Conteh, Benjamin Koudou, Jusufu Paye, Mohamed Bah, Mustapha Sonnie, Mary H Hodges, Yaobi Zhang, Moses J Bockarie
BACKGROUND: Onchocerciasis is endemic in 12 of the 14 health districts of Sierra Leone. Good treatment coverage of community-directed treatment with ivermectin was achieved between 2005 and 2009 after the 11-year civil conflict. Sentinel site surveys were conducted in 2010 to evaluate the impact of five annual rounds of ivermectin distribution. METHODS: In total, 39 sentinel villages from hyper- and meso-endemic areas across the 12 endemic districts were surveyed using skin snips in 2010...
April 6, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626775/climate-change-and-associated-spatial-heterogeneity-of-pakistan-empirical-evidence-using-multidisciplinary-approach
#12
Ghaffar Ali
Climate change is a multidimensional phenomenon, which has various implications for the environment and socio-economic conditions of the people. Its effects are deeper in an agrarian economy which is susceptible to the vagaries of nature. Therefore, climate change directly impacts the society in different ways, and society must pay the cost. Focusing on this truth, the main objective of this research was to investigate the empirical changes and spatial heterogeneity in the climate of Pakistan in real terms using time series data...
April 4, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626176/preventive-antibiotics-in-stroke-study-pass-a-cost-effectiveness-study
#13
Willeke F Westendorp, Elles Zock, Jan-Dirk Vermeij, Henk Kerkhoff, Paul J Nederkoorn, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Diederik van de Beek
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of preventive ceftriaxone vs standard stroke unit care without preventive antimicrobial therapy in acute stroke patients. METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, open-label trial with masked endpoint assessment, 2,550 patients with acute stroke were included between 2010 and 2014. Economic evaluation was performed from a societal perspective with a time horizon of 3 months. Volumes and costs of direct, indirect, medical, and nonmedical care were assessed...
April 6, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624833/infants-visual-sustained-attention-is-higher-during-joint-play-than-solo-play-is-this-due-to-increased-endogenous-attention-control-or-exogenous-stimulus-capture
#14
Sam V Wass, Kaili Clackson, Stanimira D Georgieva, Laura Brightman, Rebecca Nutbrown, Victoria Leong
Previous research has suggested that when a social partner, such as a parent, pays attention to an object, this increases the attention that infants pay to that object during spontaneous, naturalistic play. There are two contrasting reasons why this might be: first, social context may influence increases in infants' endogenous (voluntary) attention control; second, social settings may offer increased opportunities for exogenous attentional capture. To differentiate these possibilities, we compared 12-month-old infants' naturalistic attention patterns in two settings: Solo Play and Joint Play with a social partner (the parent)...
April 6, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624807/cost-utility-analysis-of-meaning-centered-group-psychotherapy-for-cancer-survivors
#15
Nadia van der Spek, Femke Jansen, Karen Holtmaat, Joël Vos, William Breitbart, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Pim Cuijpers, Veerle M H Coupé, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: Meaning-centered group psychotherapy for cancer survivors (MCGP-CS) improves meaning, psychological well-being, and mental adjustment to cancer and reduces psychological distress. This randomized controlled trial was conducted to investigate the cost-utility of MCGP-CS compared to supportive group psychotherapy (SGP) and care-as-usual (CAU). METHODS: In total, 170 patients were randomized to MCGP-CS, SGP, or CAU. Intervention costs, direct medical and non-medical costs, productivity losses and health-related quality of life were measured until six months follow-up, using the TIC-P, PRODISQ, data from the hospital information system, and the EQ-5D...
April 6, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622003/scaling-up-strategic-purchasing-analysis-of-health-system-governance-imperatives-for-strategic-purchasing-in-a-free-maternal-and-child-healthcare-programme-in-enugu-state-nigeria
#16
Daniel Chukwuemeka Ogbuabor, Obinna Emmanuel Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: Significant knowledge gaps exist in the functioning of institutional designs and organisational practices in purchasing within free healthcare schemes in low resource countries. The study provides evidence of the governance requirements to scale up strategic purchasing in free healthcare policies in Nigeria and other low-resource settings facing similar approaches. METHODS: The study was conducted at the Ministry of Health and in two health districts in Enugu State, Nigeria, using a qualitative case study design...
April 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614262/cost-effectiveness-analysis-comparing-lumen-apposing-metal-stents-with-plastic-stents-in-the-management-of-pancreatic-walled-off-necrosis
#17
Yen-I Chen, Alan N Barkun, Viviane Adam, Ge Bai, Vikesh K Singh, Majidah Bukhari, Olaya Brewer Gutierrez, B Joseph Elmunzer, Robert Moran, Lea Fayad, Mohamad El Zein, Vivek Kumbhari, Alessandro Repici, Mouen A Khashab
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: EUS-guided transmural drainage is effective in the management of pancreatic walled-off necrosis (WON). A lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) has recently been developed specifically for the drainage of pancreatic fluid collections showing promising results. However, no cost-effectiveness data have been published in comparison to endoscopic drainage with traditional plastic stents (PSs). The aim is to compare the cost-effectiveness of LAMSs to PSs in the management of WON...
March 31, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607383/a-survey-on-the-relationship-between-religiosity-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-study-in-iranian-muslims
#18
Amene Zargani, Morteza Nasiri, Khadije Hekmat, Zahra Abbaspour, Shima Vahabi
Objective: This study aimed to assess the relationship between religiosity and quality of life (QoL) in patients with breast cancer in a Muslim population. Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was conducted in 84 Muslim patients with breast cancer who were admitted to Ahvaz Shafa Hospital, Iran, during 2015. QoL and religiosity were measured with the Short Form-36 questionnaire and Muslim Religiosity questionnaire based on the Glock and Stark model, respectively...
April 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605152/pharmacologic-hemostatic-agents-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#19
Dipak B Ramkumar, Niveditta Ramkumar, Stephanie J Tapp, Wayne E Moschetti
BACKGROUND: Total knee and hip arthroplasties can be associated with substantial blood loss, affecting morbidity and even mortality. Two pharmacological antifibrinolytics, ε-aminocaproic acid (EACA) and tranexamic acid (TXA) have been used to minimize perioperative blood loss, but both have associated morbidity. Given the added cost of these medications and the risks associated with then, a cost-effectiveness analysis was undertaken to ascertain the best strategy. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness model was constructed using the payoffs of cost (in United States dollars) and effectiveness (quality-adjusted life expectancy, in days)...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603888/the-cost-effectiveness-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-at-high-risk-of-hiv-infection-in-brazil
#20
Paula M Luz, Benjamin Osher, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Rachel L Maclean, Elena Losina, Madeline E Stern, Claudio J Struchiner, Robert A Parker, Kenneth A Freedberg, Fabio Mesquita, Rochelle P Walensky, Valdilea G Veloso, A David Paltiel
INTRODUCTION: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) in Brazil experience high rates of HIV infection. We examined the clinical and economic outcomes of implementing a pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) programme in these populations. METHODS: We used the Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing AIDS Complications (CEPAC)-International model of HIV prevention and treatment to evaluate two strategies: the current standard of care (SOC) in Brazil, including universal ART access (No PrEP strategy); and the current SOC plus daily tenofovir/emtracitabine PrEP (PrEP strategy) until age 50...
March 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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