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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441633/a-health-intervention-or-a-kitchen-appliance-household-costs-and-benefits-of-a-cleaner-burning-biomass-fuelled-cookstove-in-malawi
#1
Katie Cundale, Ranjeeta Thomas, Jullita Kenala Malava, Deborah Havens, Kevin Mortimer, Lesong Conteh
Pneumonia is the leading cause of mortality for children under five years in sub-Saharan Africa. Household air pollution has been found to increase risk of pneumonia, especially due to exposure from dirty burning biomass fuels. It has been suggested that advanced stoves, which burn fuel more efficiently and reduce smoke emissions, may help to reduce household air pollution in poor, rural settings. This qualitative study aims to provide an insight into the household costs and perceived benefits from use of the stove in Malawi...
April 13, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439207/incidence-and-perception-of-nursing-students-academic-incivility-in-oman
#2
Jansi Natarajan, Joshua Kanaabi Muliira, Jacoba van der Colff
BACKGROUND: The incidence of incivility in nursing education is increasing in most countries and it is affecting the culture of safety and the teaching-learning processes. Despite reports of increasing trends, little is known about nursing students' academic incivility in the Middle East. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions and extent of academic incivility among nursing students (NS) and nursing faculty members (NF) in a university based undergraduate nursing program in Oman...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430456/the-microstructure-of-%C3%AE-sitosterol-%C3%AE-oryzanol-edible-organogels
#3
Andrew Barclay Matheson, Vasileios Koutsos, Georgios A Dalkas, Stephen Robert Euston, Paul S Clegg
Rheology and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were employed to examine the microstructure of β-sitosterol : γ-oryzanol organogels in sunflower oil. Using time resolved rheology we followed gel formation, paying specific attention to the fibril aggregation process, which had not been studied in detail previously for this system. Using AFM we observed gel structures directly, and obtained detailed information of the gel structure, far exceeding previous studies. Our analysis suggests that though gels are formed by the self-assembly and aggregation of one-dimensional fibrils, the manner in which these fibrils aggregate into ribbons results in complex structures of higher dimensionality...
April 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426319/the-monetary-cost-of-sexual-assault-to-privately-insured-us-women-in-2013
#4
Ashley M Tennessee, Tamala S Bradham, Brandi M White, Kit N Simpson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether privately insured female rape victims were billed for charges associated with a specific rape in the United States. METHODS: We examined 2013 de-identified patient data from Truven Analytics Health MarketScan database for an assault that occurred by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code E960.1. RESULTS: Analysis of insurance providers' payment patterns for 1355 incident events to female victims aged between 16 and 61 years revealed that victims remit, on average, 14% or $948 of the rape cost, whereas insurance providers pay 86% or $5789 of the total cost...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426186/issue-at-the-heart-of-advancing-the-de-adoption-of-low-value-care-proceedings-from-an-expert-roundtable
#5
Janet Weiner, Rebecka Rosenquist
Identifying and paying for value has become a recurrent theme of health care reforms. Its corollary, reducing the prevalence of, and resources directed to, ineffective or marginally effective care, has received far less attention. In July 2016, the University of Pennsylvania’s Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (LDI) convened a diverse set of national leaders and stakeholders representing industry, think-tanks, provider and patient groups, and academic experts to tackle how health systems, payers, and providers can spur the ‘de-adoption’ of medical practices and technologies no longer considered valuable...
April 2017: LDI Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423815/mobile-medical-apps-and-mhealth-devices-a-framework-to-build-medical-apps-and-mhealth-devices-in-an-ethical-manner-to-promote-safer-use-a-literature-review
#6
Mary Sharp, Declan O'Sullivan
This paper presents a preliminary literature review in the area of ethics in the development of Mobile Medical Apps and mHealth. The review included both direct health apps and also apps marketed under the area of well-being in addition to mHealth devices. The following words and combinations of them were used to carry out the search for publications, mHealth, Apps, Ethics. The search engines used were Google Scholar, and PubMed. The paper is restricted to publications since 2012. The total number of papers found was 1,920 of which 84 were reviewed...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421102/ethylene-role-in-plant-growth-development-and-senescence-interaction-with-other-phytohormones
#7
REVIEW
Noushina Iqbal, Nafees A Khan, Antonio Ferrante, Alice Trivellini, Alessandra Francini, M I R Khan
The complex juvenile/maturity transition during a plant's life cycle includes growth, reproduction, and senescence of its fundamental organs: leaves, flowers, and fruits. Growth and senescence of leaves, flowers, and fruits involve several genetic networks where the phytohormone ethylene plays a key role, together with other hormones, integrating different signals and allowing the onset of conditions favorable for stage progression, reproductive success and organ longevity. Changes in ethylene level, its perception, and the hormonal crosstalk directly or indirectly regulate the lifespan of plants...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418833/willingness-to-pay-in-caregivers-of-patients-affected-by-schizophrenia
#8
Claudiane Salles Daltio, Cecilia Attux, Marcos Bosi Ferraz
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a debilitating disorder that often requires the affected individual to receive care from a caregiver. Willingness to Pay (WTP) technique allows a valuation of the health state preferences by assessing the impact of the disease and translating it into monetary terms. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The objective was to determine the WTP of schizophrenic patients' caregivers on a hypothetical recovery scenario and correlate it to socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, Knowledge of Disease, Quality of life and Burden of Disease...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416222/dentin-on-the-nanoscale-hierarchical-organization-mechanical-behavior-and-bioinspired-engineering
#9
REVIEW
Luiz E Bertassoni
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of the structural organization and mechanical properties of dentin has expanded considerably during the past two decades, especially on a nanometer scale. In this paper, we review the recent literature on the nanostructural and nanomechanical properties of dentin, with special emphasis in its hierarchical organization. METHODS: We give particular attention to the recent literature concerning the structural and mechanical influence of collagen intrafibrillar and extrafibrillar mineral in healthy and remineralized tissues...
April 14, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408135/the-missing-person-the-outcome-of-the-rule-based-totalitarianism-of-too-much-contemporary-healthcare
#10
Iona Heath
OBJECTIVES: Medicine has an obsession with scientific progress and a misplaced belief in the perfectibility of the human body and mind and, as a result, there seems never to be time for the necessary backward glance. If we in healthcare are to learn any of the lessons of history, it seems important that we pay attention to those who have suffered at the sharp end of historical events. METHODS AND RESULTS: This paper invokes thinkers and writers who lived lives scarred by totalitarian politics...
April 3, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406394/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-compare-the-safety-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-doxycycline-200%C3%A2-mg-day-with-that-of-oral-prednisolone-0-5%C3%A2-mg-kg-day-for-initial-treatment-of-bullous-pemphigoid-the-bullous-pemphigoid-steroids-and-tetracyclines-blister
#11
Joanne R Chalmers, Fenella Wojnarowska, Gudula Kirtschig, James Mason, Margaret Childs, Diane Whitham, Karen Harman, Anna Chapman, Shernaz Walton, Enno Schmidt, Thomas R Godec, Andrew J Nunn, Hywel C Williams
BACKGROUND: Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune blistering skin disorder with increased morbidity and mortality in the elderly. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of a strategy of initiating BP treatment with oral doxycycline or oral prednisolone. We hypothesised that starting treatment with doxycycline gives acceptable short-term blister control while conferring long-term safety advantages over starting treatment with oral prednisolone...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401277/stress-distribution-is-deviated-around-the-aperture-of-the-femoral-tunnel-in-the-anatomic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#12
Yuichi Hoshino, Ryosuke Kuroda, Yuichiro Nishizawa, Naoki Nakano, Kanto Nagai, Daisuke Araki, Shinya Oka, Shogo Kawaguchi, Kouki Nagamune, Masahiro Kurosaka
PURPOSE: Final tunnel location in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is unpredictable due to tunnel widening and/or transposition. The mechanical stress around the tunnel aperture seems to be a major factor but is not fully investigated. The purpose of this study was to measure the stress from the ACL graft around the tunnel aperture when the ACL graft tension reaches its peak. METHODS: Six cadaveric knees were used. Single-bundle ACL reconstruction was performed using a hamstrings graft...
April 11, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401125/drug-therapies-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#13
William W L Wong, Karen M Lee, Sumeet Singh, George Wells, Jordan J Feld, Murray Krahn
BACKGROUND: Before 2011, pegylated interferon plus ribavirin was the standard therapy for chronic hepatitis C. Interferon-free direct-acting antiviral agents were then approved. Although these treatments appear to be more effective, they are substantially more expensive. In anticipation of the need for information regarding the comparative cost-effectiveness of new regimens in a recent therapeutic review, we conducted the analysis to inform listing decision in Canada. METHODS: A state-transition model was developed in the form of a cost-utility analysis...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383988/do-unto-others-how-cognitive-fusion-shapes-the-transmission-of-moral-behavior
#14
Nate C Carnes, Jeffrey P Winer
Moral transmission is the concept that moral behaviors can be contagious, spreading from person to person like a pathogen of social influence. We investigated how cognitive fusion-a transdiagnostic vulnerability to diverse mental health problems-influences moral transmission across 3 studies (N = 891) using real behavioral outcomes, including economic game decisions and donations to charity. The findings suggest that cognitively fused individuals are more susceptible to moral transmission because (a) they are more likely to pay forward or pay back moral behavior, and (b) they are more likely to engage in compensatory moral behavior...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380276/microscopic-observation-drug-susceptibility-assay-vs-xpert-%C3%A2-mtb-rif-for-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-in-a-rural-african-setting-a-cost-utility-analysis
#15
Philip Erick Wikman-Jorgensen, Jara Llenas-García, Tomàs María Pérez-Porcuna, Michael Hobbins, Jochen Ehmer, Manuel Aly Mussa, Carlos Ascaso
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-utility of Microscopic Observation Drug-Susceptibility Assay (MODS) and Xpert(®) MTB/RIF implementation for TB diagnosis in rural northern Mozambique. METHODS: Stochastic transmission compartmental TB model from the health care provider perspective with parameter input from direct measurements, systematic literature reviews, and expert opinion. MODS and Xpert(®) MTB/RIF were evaluated as replacement test of smear microscopy (SM) or as an add-on test after a negative SM...
April 5, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370182/weak-central-coherence-in-weight-restored-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-characteristics-and-remediation
#16
Noam Weinbach, Amit Perry, Helene Sher, James D Lock, Avishai Henik
OBJECTIVE: Weak central coherence (WCC) refers to a bias towards processing details (local processing) at the expense of paying attention to the bigger picture (global processing). Multiple studies reported WCC in adults with anorexia nervosa (AN). Evidence for WCC in adolescents with AN has been inconsistent. The current study characterizes WCC in weight-restored adolescents with AN (WR-AN) using a direct measure of WCC, and examines whether WCC can be remediated by increasing alertness level-a manipulation that was found useful in enhancing global processing in healthy individuals and clinical populations...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363685/direct-oral-anticoagulants-for-the-prevention-of-thromboembolic-complications-of-atrial-fibrillation-the-more-you-pay-the-less-you-spend
#17
EDITORIAL
Natale Daniele Brunetti, Luisa De Gennaro, Pasquale Caldarola, Antonio Gaglione, Matteo Di Biase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349907/wire-roughness-assessment-of-0-016-%C3%A3-0-022-the-technique-lingual-orthodontics
#18
Fátima Mm Facchini, Mario Vedovello Filho, Silvia As Vedovello, Flávio A Cotrim, Andrຟa Cotrim-Ferreira, Carlos Am Tubel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the difference in surface roughness of stainless steel archwires of different commercial brands used in lingual orthodontics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Precontoured arches measuring 0.016'' × 0.022'' were selected of the following brands: Tecnident, Adenta, G&H, Highland Metals Inc., Ormco, Incognito, and Ebraces. Quantitative evaluation of the surface roughness of archwires was performed by means of an atomic force microscope in contact mode...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348248/imaging-morphogenesis
#19
REVIEW
Donald M Bell
The hostile environment of the microscope stage poses numerous challenges to successful imaging of morphogenesis in live tissues. This review aims to highlight some of the main practical considerations to take into account when embarking on a project to image cell behaviour in the context of cells' normal surroundings. Scrutiny of these activities is likely to be the most informative approach to understanding mechanical morphogenesis but is often confounded by the substantial technical difficulties involved in imaging samples over extended periods of time...
May 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346128/ethnicity-recording-in-primary-care-computerised-medical-record-systems-an-ontological-approach
#20
Zayd Tippu, Ana Correa, Harshana Liyanage, David Burleigh, Andrew McGovern, Jeremy Van Vlymen, Simon Jones, Simon De Lusignan
BACKGROUND: Ethnicity recording within primary care computerised medical record (CMR) systems is suboptimal, exacerbated by tangled taxonomies within current coding systems.Objective To develop a method for extending ethnicity identification using routinely collected data. METHODS: We used an ontological method to maximise the reliability and prevalence of ethnicity information in the Royal College of General Practitioner's Research and Surveillance database. Clinical codes were either directly mapped to ethnicity group or utilised as proxy markers (such as language spoken) from which ethnicity could be inferred...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
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