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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917974/the-chinese-perspective-on-pastoral-resource-economics-a-vision-of-the-future-in-a-context-of-socio-ecological-vulnerability
#1
L Yu, K N Farrell
This paper reviews institutional changes in pastureland use in China over the last 30 years and discusses their impacts on pastoral communities, drawing evidence from case studies of two agro-pastoralist and two pastoralist communities. Those who rely directly on pastureland for their livelihood are vulnerable to the joint effects of pastureland degradation and climate change. The authors argue that a 'top-down' governance structure with no participation from local communities and a 'one size fits all' institutional solution are a poor fit for pastoralism management...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914239/sixth-graders-in-israel-recount-their-experience-of-verbal-abuse-by-teachers-in-the-classroom
#2
Brenda Geiger
AIM: This study adopts a children's rights perspective stated in Articles 3, 12, 19, 28 of the Convention on the Rights of Children (1989) with the goal of listening to Israeli children articulate their experience of verbal abuse by teachers in 6th grade classrooms METHODS: A purposeful sample of sixty students was individually interviewed and content analysis was performed following Strauss' (1987) constant comparative method. RESULTS: Students reported teachers' yelling, name-calling and put-downs when failing to pay attention, complete their work, or obtain good grades...
November 30, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912740/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-in-home-respite-care-program-in-supporting-informal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-design-of-a-comparative-study
#3
Sophie Vandepitte, Nele Van Den Noortgate, Koen Putman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Lieven Annemans
BACKGROUND: Frequent hospitalization and permanent nursing home placement not only affect the well-being of persons with dementia, but also place great financial strain on society. Therefore, it is important to create effective strategies to support informal caregivers so that they can continue to perform their demanding role. Preliminary qualitative evidence suggests that community-based respite services can actually be important for caregivers, and that the level of evidence should be further established in terms of effectiveness...
December 2, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908746/willingness-to-pay-for-a-dengue-vaccine-and-its-associated-determinants-in-indonesia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey-in-aceh
#4
Harapan Harapan, Samsul Anwar, Aslam Bustamam, Arsil Radiansyah, Pradiba Angraini, Riny Fasli, Salwiyadi Salwiyadi, Reza Akbar Bastian, Ade Oktiviyari, Imaduddin Akmal, Muhammad Iqbalamin, Jamalul Adil, Fenni Henrizal, Darmayanti Darmayanti, Mahmuda Mahmuda, Mudatsir Mudatsir, Allison Imrie, R Tedjo Sasmono, Ulrich Kuch, Ziv Shkedy, Setia Pramana
Vaccination strategies are being considered as a part of dengue prevention programs in endemic countries. To accelerate the introduction of dengue vaccine into the public sector program and private markets, understanding the private economic benefits of a dengue vaccine is therefore essential. The aim of this study was to assess the willingness to pay (WTP) for a dengue vaccine among community members in Indonesia and its associated explanatory variables. A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in nine regencies of Aceh province, Indonesia, from November 2014 to March 2015...
November 28, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905941/financing-strategies-to-improve-essential-public-health-equalization-and-its-effects-in-china
#5
Li Yang, Li Sun, Liankui Wen, Huyang Zhang, Chenyang Li, Kara Hanson, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, China launched a health reform to promote the equalization of national essential public health services package (NEPHSP). The present study aimed to describe the financing strategies and mechanisms to improve access to public health for all, identify the strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches, and showed evidence on equity improvement among different regions. METHODS: We reviewed the relevant literatures and identified 208 articles after screening and quality assessment and conducted six key informants' interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904613/the-facilitators-and-impediment-factors-of-midwifery-student-s-empowerment-in-pregnancy-and-delivery-care-a-qualitative-study
#6
Mojgan Janighorban, Nikoo Yamani, Hojatollah Yousefi
BACKGROUND: The organizational environment and its existing context may deeply affect on empowerment of individuals. In educational institutions as well as other organizations, students are going to be powerful when opportunities for growth and achievement of power are provided for them in learning and educational environments. This study has been carried out to explain the facilitators and impediment factors of midwifery student's empowerment in pregnancy and delivery care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current qualitative study has been conducted with participation of 15 midwifery senior students, 10 midwifery academic teachers, and 2 employed midwives in educational hospitals...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901274/forensic-psychiatric-patients-perspectives-on-their-care-a-narrative-view
#7
Riitta Askola, Merja Nikkonen, Eija Paavilainen, Päivi Soininen, Hanna Putkonen, Olavi Louheranta
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe forensic psychiatric patients' experiences of and perspectives on forensic psychiatric treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight forensic psychiatric patients were interviewed, and the resultant research material was analyzed by narrative analysis. FINDINGS: Patients' narratives contain different themes telling different things and the personnel need to pay attention to these. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The findings of the present study should direct the forensic psychiatric personnel's attention to the notion that forensic psychiatric patients' experiences of their treatment can improve the quality of patient-centered care and reduce bureaucracy...
November 30, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900240/the-effect-of-malaysia-general-election-on-stock-market-returns
#8
Venus Khim-Sen Liew, Racquel Rowland
During the latest episode of general election held in Malaysia, it is observed that the FBMKLCI index was lifted 62.52 points in a day soon after the announcement of election outcome. Moreover, the index registered a highest gain of 96.29 points in the middle of the intra-day trade. This suggests that investors who had got the right direction could make profitable intra-day trading the next trading day of the general election date. Results from statistical analysis uncover significant before-election-effect and after-election-effect from the most recent general elections held in Malaysia...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893070/contingent-valuation-analysis-of-an-otolaryngology-and-ophthalmology-emergency-department-the-value-of-acute-specialty-care
#9
Matthew R Naunheim, Elliot D Kozin, Rosh K Sethi, H G Ota, Stacey T Gray, Mark G Shrime
Importance: Specialty emergency departments (EDs) provide a unique mechanism of health care delivery, but the value that they add to the medical system is not known. Evaluation of patient preferences to determine value can have a direct impact on resource allocation and direct-to-specialist care. Objective: To assess the feasibility of contingent valuation (CV) methodology using a willingness-to-pay (WTP) survey to evaluate specialty emergency services, in the context of an ophthalmology- and otolaryngology-specific ED...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879541/ethical-barriers-in-adolescent-oncofertility-counseling
#10
Daniel V Runco, Julia F Taylor, Paul R Helft
Adult survivors of pediatric cancers are at substantial risk for infertility. Oncofertility is an emerging field in medicine that has focused on the fertility preservation of these patients. As the field continues to develop, there are several areas in which our practice has improved. However, several ethical concerns still exist involving beneficence, nonmaleficence, informed consent, adolescent assent, and posthumous use of reproductive tissues. Because the field is still developing, great disparities exist in available options depending on age, ability to pay, and geographic location...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878859/paying-patient-and-caregiver-research-participants-putting-theory-into-practice
#11
Meg Polacsek, Gayelene Boardman, Terence V McCann
AIM: To review and discuss the ethical and practical considerations about paying patient and caregiver participants in nursing research and, based on this review, to develop a set of guiding principles about payment of participants. BACKGROUND: To increase recruitment and retention, it is becoming increasingly common in nursing research to provide some form of payment to participants. The risk is that the promise of a payment may influence a patient or caregiver's decision to participate in research...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870079/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-second-line-chemotherapy-agents-for-advanced-gastric-cancer
#12
Simon W Lam, Maya Wai, Jessica E Lau, Michael McNamara, Marc Earl, Belinda Udeh
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Gastric cancer is the fifth most common malignancy and second leading cause of cancer-related mortality. Chemotherapy options for patients who fail first-line treatment are limited. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of second-line treatment options for patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer. DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness analysis using a Markov model to compare the cost-effectiveness of six possible second-line treatment options for patients with advanced gastric cancer who have failed previous chemotherapy: irinotecan, docetaxel, paclitaxel, ramucirumab, paclitaxel plus ramucirumab, and palliative care...
November 21, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862645/association-between-asthma-control-and-asthma-cost-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-a-primary-care-setting
#13
Hai V Nguyen, Nivedita V Nadkarni, Usha Sankari, Shweta Mital, Weng K Lye, Ngiap C Tan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Asthma control can be assessed with the Asthma Control Test (ACT) and a score of 20 or higher indicates good asthma control. Patients pay for their consultation and treatment in the fee-for-service primary healthcare system in Singapore. We hypothesized that achieving asthma control would result in lower asthma costs through reduced acute exacerbations, fewer physician consultations and lower lost productivity. The study compared the healthcare costs of patients who achieved asthma control and those with suboptimal asthma control based on ACT scores...
November 10, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854130/donor-insemination-israel-as-a-representative-case-of-a-competitive-market-examining-the-possibility-of-policy-reform
#14
Limor D Gonen
AIM: To measure the private and social benefits of donor insemination (DI). METHODS: An empirical model investigates the general public and DI clients' willingness to pay (WTP) for DI, and the willingness of potential donors to become altruistic or paid sperm donors. RESULTS: The general public and DI clients value DI and have a positive WTP for it, whereas willingness to donate, altruistically or for payment, is either low or very low. CONCLUSION: The general public's and DI clients' WTP for DI is in average above actual cost, so the government should consider funding or subsidizing DI...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847805/progress-towards-sustainable-utilisation-and-management-of-food-wastes-in-the-global-economy
#15
REVIEW
Purabi R Ghosh, Derek Fawcett, Shashi B Sharma, Gerrard Eddy Jai Poinern
In recent years, the problem of food waste has attracted considerable interest from food producers, processors, retailers, and consumers alike. Food waste is considered not only a sustainability problem related to food security, but also an economic problem since it directly impacts the profitability of the whole food supply chain. In developed countries, consumers are one of the main contributors to food waste and ultimately pay for all wastes produced throughout the food supply chain. To secure food and reduce food waste, it is essential to have a comprehensive understanding of the various sources of food wastes throughout the food supply chain...
2016: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844086/investigating-the-electronic-structure-of-a-supported-metal-nanoparticle-pd-in-sicn
#16
Tobias Schmidt, Rodrigo Q Albuquerque, Rhett Kempe, Stephan Kümmel
We investigate the electronic structure of a Palladium nanoparticle that is partially embedded in a matrix of silicon carbonitride. From classical molecular dynamics simulations we first obtain a representative atomic structure. This geometry then serves as input to density-functional theory calculations that allow us to access the electronic structure of the combined system of particle and matrix. In order to make the computations feasible, we devise a subsystem strategy for calculating the relevant electronic properties...
November 15, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834889/access-to-drinking-water-and-sanitation-in-rural-kazakhstan
#17
Kamshat Tussupova, Peder Hjorth, Ronny Berndtsson
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require nations to ensure adequate water supply for all. For Kazakhstan, this means that rural areas will need much stronger attention as they have been rather neglected in efforts to comply with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This study aims to establish a baseline data concerning the current situation in villages that will need interventions according to the SDGs. The study was performed by means of questionnaires. The results should be seen as initial guidelines that can help to illuminate some of the uncounted challenges in future efforts to meet the SDG targets...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832039/a-clinician-s-guide-to-the-cost-and-health-benefits-of-hepatitis-c-cure-assessed-from-the-individual-patient-perspective
#18
Phil McEwan, Nowlan Selvapatt, Ashley Brown, Mark Thursz, Hayley Bennett, Samantha Webster, Anupama Kalsekar, Yong Yuan, Michael Brenner, Jason Gordon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains a considerable public health challenge. Novel direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens offer high cure rates and the promise of reduced HCV incidence and prevalence following the up-scaling of treatment. This has focused attention towards affordability. This study aimed to estimate the economic value of cure to evaluate the treatment costs justifiable from the patient perspective. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A published, validated HCV model was utilized to contrast clinical and cost outcomes for patients aged 30-70 years, stratified by METAVIR F0-F4, for (i) no treatment and (ii) successful treatment [i...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829858/pay-for-performance-remuneration-for-pharmacist-prescribers-management-of-hypertension-a-substudy-of-the-rxaction-trial
#19
Sherilyn K D Houle, Theresa L Charrois, Finlay A McAlister, Michael R Kolber, Meagen M Rosenthal, Richard Lewanczuk, Norman R C Campbell, Ross T Tsuyuki
BACKGROUND: To be sustainable, pharmacists providing direct patient care must receive appropriate payment for these services. This prespecified substudy of the RxACTION trial (a randomized trial of pharmacist prescribing vs usual care in patients with above-target blood pressure [BP]) aimed to determine if BP reduction achieved differed between patients whose pharmacist was paid by pay-for-performance (P4P) vs fee-for-service (FFS). METHODS: Within RxACTION, patients with elevated BP assigned to the pharmacist prescribing group were further randomized to P4P or FFS payment for the pharmacist...
November 2016: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821300/the-relationship-between-maternal-education-and-reported-childhood-conditions
#20
Edward R Berchick
Children of more-educated mothers tend to be healthier than children of less-educated mothers. However, in the United States, evidence for this relationship largely focuses on summary measures of health, such as subjective health status, birth weight, and height. Few studies have examined the relationship between mothers' education and children's reported conditions, the health metric that underlies many policy decisions concerning population health. Contrary to stylized facts about socioeconomic gradients in health, higher detection and reporting rates may lead to higher reporting rates among children of more-educated mothers, despite their better underlying health...
October 19, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
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