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Robert D Safian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Jorge Mejia, Ana Claudia Camargo Miranda, Ana Claudia Ranucci Durante, Larissa Rolim de Oliveira, Marycel Rosa Felisa Figols de Barboza, Katerin Taboada Rosell, Daniele Pereira Jardim, Alexandre Holthausen Campos, Marilia Alves Dos Reis, Marcela Forli Catanoso, Orfa Yineth Galvis-Alonso, Francisco Romero Cabral
Objective: To present the result of upgrading a clinical gamma-camera to be used to obtain in vivo tomographic images of small animal organs, and its application to register cardiac, renal and neurological images. Methods: An updated version of the miniSPECT upgrading device was built, which is composed of mechanical, electronic and software subsystems. The device was attached to a Discovery VH (General Electric Healthcare) gamma-camera, which was retired from the clinical service and installed at the Centro de Imagem Pré-Clínica of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein...
July 2016: Einstein
Varun Kumar, Santosh Sinha, Prakash Kumar, Mohammed Razi, Chandra Mohan Verma, Ramesh Thakur, Umeshwar Pandey, Rajpal Singh Bhardwaj, Mohammed Ahmad, R K Bansal, Shalini Gupta
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the complications, particularly conduction blocks, subsequent morbidity and mortality, and effect of thrombolytic therapy in Indian patients with inferior wall myocardial infarction (IWMI). METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, single-center study conducted at LPS Institute of Cardiology, Kanpur, from December 2011 to May 2014. Patients who presented with typical chest pain and were subsequently diagnosed by standardized diagnostic criteria as having IWMI were enrolled...
October 12, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Glenn N Levine, Eric R Bates, John A Bittl, Ralph G Brindis, Stephan D Fihn, Lee A Fleisher, Christopher B Granger, Richard A Lange, Michael J Mack, Laura Mauri, Roxana Mehran, Debabrata Mukherjee, L Kristin Newby, Patrick T O'Gara, Marc S Sabatine, Peter K Smith, Sidney C Smith, Jonathan L Halperin, Glenn N Levine, Sana M Al-Khatib, Kim K Birtcher, Biykem Bozkurt, Ralph G Brindis, Joaquin E Cigarroa, Lesley H Curtis, Lee A Fleisher, Federico Gentile, Samuel Gidding, Mark A Hlatky, John S Ikonomidis, José A Joglar, Susan J Pressler, Duminda N Wijeysundera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Özcan Başaran, Volkan Dogan, Osman Beton, Mehmet Tekinalp, Ahmet Cağri Aykan, Ezgi Kalaycioğlu, Ismail Bolat, Onur Taşar, Özgen Şafak, Macit Kalcik, Mehmet Yaman, Sinan İnci, Bernas Altintaş, Sedat Kalkan, Cevat Kirma, Murat Biteker
This study aimed to investigate the potential misuse of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and the physicians' adherence to current European guideline recommendations in real-world using a large dataset from Real-life Multicenter Survey Evaluating Stroke Prevention Strategies in Turkey (RAMSES Study).RAMSES study is a prospective, multicenter, nationwide registry ( identifier NCT02344901). In this subgroup analysis of RAMSES study, patients who were on NOACs were classified as appropriately treated (AT), undertreated (UT), and overtreated (OT) according to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ana L Neves, Tiago Henriques-Coelho, Adelino Leite-Moreira, José C Areias
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to evaluate the clinical utility of brain natriuretic peptide in pediatric patients, examining the diagnostic value, management, and prognostic relevance, by critical assessment of the literature. DATA SOURCES: In December 2015, a literature search was performed (PubMed access to MEDLINE citations; and included these Medical Subject Headings and text terms for the key words: "brain natriuretic peptide," "amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide," "children," "neonate/s," "newborn/s," "infant/s," and "echocardiography...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Joachim Alexandre, Xavier Humbert, Marion Sassier, Paul Milliez, Antoine Coquerel, Sophie Fedrizzi
Cluster headache (CH) is a primary headache disorder with relatively effective treatments. Although few sufficiently controlled trials are available, verapamil is recommended as the first-line prophylactic drug for CH by the French Headache Society (with a low level of evidence, level B) and by the EFNS (European Federation of Neurological Societies, level A). Daily doses of more than 480 mg (and up to 1200 mg daily) are frequently used off-label, while 360 mg daily is the only dosage to have demonstrated its effectiveness in a double-blind trial against placebo, and the usual label posology used by cardiologists is 240 mg daily in hypertension...
December 2015: Drug Saf Case Rep
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
W Kelly Wu, Maame Yaa A B Yiadom, Sean P Collins, Wesley H Self, Ken Monahan
INTRODUCTION: A triage cardiology program, in which cardiologists provide consultation to the Emergency Department (ED), may safely reduce admissions. For patients with chest pain, the HEART Pathway may obviate the need for cardiology involvement, unless there is a difference between ED and cardiology assessments. Therefore, in a cohort concurrently evaluated by both specialties, we analyzed discordance between ED and cardiology HEART scores. METHODS: We performed a single-center, cross-sectional, retrospective study of adults presenting to the ED with chest pain who had a documented bedside evaluation by a triage cardiologist...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
H Memona, F Manzoor, A A Anjum
This study focuses on isolation of pathogenic bacteria from external and internal surfaces of cockroaches collected from houses and hospitals in Lahore. In total, 240 adult cockroaches were collected from houses and hospitals by hand or using sticky traps and food-bait traps. Cockroach species were identified, and microbial screening was done for external surfaces and gut tracts of cockroaches. Jaccard's index of similarity, Bray-Curtis' index of dissimilarity, and Shannon-Wiener's diversity index were used to measure the bacterial community diversity (all species of bacteria) in each habitat...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
Faten M'hiri, Luc Duong, Christian Desrosiers, Mohamed Leye, Joaquim Miró, Mohamed Cheriet
The segmentation and tracking of coronary arteries (CAs) are critical steps for the computation of biophysical measurements in pediatric interventional cardiology. In the literature, most methods are focused on either segmenting the vessel lumen or on tracking the vessel centerline. However, they do not simultaneously combine the segmentation and tracking of a specific CA. This paper introduces a novel algorithm for CA segmentation and tracking from 2D X-ray angiography sequences. The proposed algorithm is based on the Temporal Vessel Walker (TVW) segmentation method, which combines graph-based formulation and temporal priors...
October 4, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Niklas F Boeder, Holger M Nef, Timm Bauer
A 64-year old woman was referred to the division of cardiology due to recurrent angina pectoris (CCS III). The patient's symptoms and high cardiovascular risk profile were an indication for coronary angiography. Relevant coronary heart disease was hereby ruled out; however, angiography showed a direct drainage of coronary vessels into the chambers. These Thebesian veins are of venoluminal nature in most cases and have a clinical implication in selected cases only.
September 30, 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Jakub Żmigrodzki, Szymon Cygan, Beata Leśniak-Plewińska, MirosŁaw Kowalski, Krzysztof KaŁużyński
The identification of a sub-endocardial infarction is of major interest in cardiology. This study evaluates the sensitivity of selected measures to the thickness of such an infarction. Synthetic ultrasonic data (long-axis view) of left ventricular models with inclusions were generated using Field II and meshes obtained from finite-element simulations, which also provided the reference for the estimates obtained from ultrasonic data. The displacements, the first and second component of the principal strain (ε1 and ε2), and several measures derived from these quantities were estimated...
October 13, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Sarkis Kiramijyan, Romain Didier, Edward Koifman, Smita I Negi
BACKGROUND: It has become challenging for cardiovascular fellows-in-training (FIT) to determine which national cardiovascular conference (NCC) to attend given the broad range of meetings and the breadth of information offered. The aim of this study was to report our own experiences of the utility and individual strengths of the NCCs and to further understand the interventional cardiology (IC) FITs' viewpoint regarding the benefits of the individual NCCs. METHODS: A survey was formulated with questions and scenarios regarding topics deemed to be of highest importance for an IC-FIT...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Judith Barasche, Fabiola Stollar, Marcel M Bergmann, Jean-Christoph Caubet
In infants, the causes of acute repetitive vomiting and severely altered-consciousness status include a broad differential diagnosis, that is, primarly sepsis, infectious gastroenteritis, head injury, and intoxication, as well as neurologic, metabolic, and cardiologic condition diseases. In patients developing such symptoms, allergy as an etiological cause is often not considered by primary care physicians. With this case report, we aim to draw the attention of general pediatricians, emergency physicians, and intensivists to the fact that non-immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergic gastrointestinal disorders such as food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome should be considered in patients with sepsis-like symptoms...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Rashmi Kerr, Cinosh Mathew, Ram Gopal Shahi, Rajneesh Calton
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical and angiographic profile of patients with coronary artery ectasias (CAE) and assess their outcomes. METHODS: One year retrospective and one year prospective study was carried out in the Department of Cardiology in CMC, Ludhiana from January 2011 to December 2012 on all patients undergoing coronary angiographies and each patient was followed up for 1 year. Their outcomes were noted and statistical analysis carried out. RESULTS: There were a total of 327 males (66...
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
D S Polyakov, I V Fomin, F Yu Valikulova, A R Vaisberg, N Kraiem
AIM: To evaluate the impact of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) on short-term and long-term prognosis in patients hospitalized with signs of chronic decompensated heart failure (CDHF). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 852 cases were admitted to therapy/cardiology hospital with signs of CDHF during a year. RESULTS: Among the patients hospitalized with signs of CDHF, the prevalence of CAP was 16.5%. This indicator did not depend on the age of hospitalized patients...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
S N Tereshchenko, I V Zhirov, A G Kochetov
The brief review gives the experience in using the concept of translational medicine in the practical activities of the Russian Cardiology Research and Production Complex in the past 25 years of its existence. It outlines the possible ways of developing this area in Russian medicine to solve crucial scientific and practical tasks.
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Emily A Ruden, David P Way, Rollin W Nagel, Fern Cheek, Alex J Auseon
BACKGROUND: Best practices in the teaching of performance and interpretation of echocardiography to cardiology fellows are unknown, and thus, it has traditionally been performed through an apprenticeship model. This review summarizes the existing literature describing evidence-based teaching of echocardiography. METHODS: A comprehensive search of multiple scientific and educational databases included prospective studies describing an educational intervention for teaching echocardiography to physicians...
October 13, 2016: Echocardiography
Magdalena Andrzejczak-Karbowska, Robert Irzmański
: Chronic heart failure (CHF), despite the preventive measures taken is the most common problem of modern cardiology. The aging of the body predisposes to the development of PNS, because qualitative changes taking place in the heart of the patient in the elderly are similar to those occurring among patients with heart failure. A growing problem of eldery patients becomes a deterioration of physical fitness leading to the reduction of activity and sedentary lifestyle. There is no doubt that increasing physical activity in the elderly should aim not only to restore the patient to a previous level of functioning, but also improve their physical resources to a higher level of efficiency and to facilitate independent functioning in everyday life...
July 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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