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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927243/early-endometriosis-in-females-is-directed-by-immune-mediated-estrogen-receptor-alpha-and-il6-cross-talk
#1
Katherine A Burns, Seddon Y Thomas, Katherine J Hamilton, Steven L Young, Donald N Cook, Kenneth S Korach
Endometriosis is a gynecological disease that negatively affects the health of 1 in 10 women. While more information is known about late stage disease, the early initiation of endometriosis and lesion development is poorly understood. Herein, we use a uterine tissue transfer mouse model of endometriosis to examine early disease development and its dependence on estradiol (E2) and estrogen receptor a (ERα) within 72 h of disease initiation. Using wild type and ERα knockout mice as hosts or donors, we find significant infiltration of neutrophils and macrophages into the peritoneal cavity...
September 11, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927191/increasing-mortality-from-ischaemic-heart-disease-in-china-from-2004-to-2010-disproportionate-rise-in-rural-areas-and-elderly-subjects-438-million-person-years-follow-up
#2
Xiaofei Zhang, Arshad A Khan, Ehtesham Ul Haq, Aadil Rahim, Dayi Hu, John Attia, Christopher Oldmeadow, Xiaoyan Ma, Rongjing Ding, Andrew J Boyle
Aims: We sought to ascertain the changes in mortality from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) from 2004 to 2010 in China as the sheer size of China's population makes disease patterns relevant globally. Methods and results: Data on IHD mortality were obtained from the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention National Disease Surveillance Point System, which includes 161 counties and a population of over 73 million-a representative sample of over 6% of the entire population of China...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927014/green-space-and-depression-during-pregnancy-results-from-the-growing-up-in-new-zealand-study
#3
Vikram Nichani, Kim Dirks, Bruce Burns, Amy Bird, Cameron Grant
Background: Antenatal depression is an important contributor to poor maternal health experienced by some women. This study aimed to determine whether exposure to green space during pregnancy is associated with less depression, and whether this association is moderated by relevant factors, such as age, education, self-identified ethnicity, physical activity, residential rurality, and socioeconomic status. Methods: Health data were sourced from the cohort study "Growing Up in New Zealand" comprised of 6772 participants...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926945/association-between-dietary-carotenoid-intake-and-bone-mineral-density-in-korean-adults-aged-30-75-years-using-data-from-the-fourth-and-fifth-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-2008-2011
#4
Gebereamanuel Meron Regu, Hyesook Kim, You Jin Kim, Ju Eun Paek, Gunjeong Lee, Namsoo Chang, Oran Kwon
Age-related bone loss is a major public health problem. This cross-sectional study examined the association between the dietary intake of carotenoids and bone mineral density (BMD). Data from 8022 subjects (3763 males and 4259 females) aged 30-75 years included in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008-2011) were analyzed. BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Intake of carotenoids was estimated using 24-h dietary recall. In multiple linear analysis, after adjusting for covariates, lutein + zeaxanthin and β-cryptoxanthin intake was positively associated with total hip BMD in males and premenopausal women respectively, while β-carotene intake was positively correlated with femoral neck, total hip, and whole-body BMD in postmenopausal women...
September 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926937/food-shopping-and-acquisition-behaviors-in-relation-to-bmi-among-residents-of-low-income-communities-in-south-carolina
#5
Angela D Liese, Xiaonan Ma, Brent Hutto, Patricia A Sharpe, Bethany A Bell, Sara Wilcox
Low-income areas in which residents have poor access to healthy foods have been referred to as "food deserts." It is thought that improving food access may help curb the obesity epidemic. Little is known about where residents of food deserts shop and if shopping habits are associated with body mass index (BMI). We evaluated the association of food shopping and acquisition (e.g., obtaining food from church, food pantries, etc.) with BMI among 459 residents of low-income communities from two South Carolina counties, 81% of whom lived in United States Department of Agriculture-designated food deserts...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926931/comparison-of-sociodemographic-and-nutritional-characteristics-between-self-reported-vegetarians-vegans-and-meat-eaters-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#6
Benjamin Allès, Julia Baudry, Caroline Méjean, Mathilde Touvier, Sandrine Péneau, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
BACKGROUND: There is a growing trend for vegetarian and vegan diets in many Western countries. Epidemiological evidence suggesting that such diets may help in maintaining good health is rising. However, dietary and sociodemographic characteristics of vegetarians and vegans are not well known. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe sociodemographic and nutritional characteristics of self-reported, adult vegetarians and vegans, compared to meat-eaters, from the French NutriNet-Santé study...
September 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926775/geographic-and-demographic-correlates-of-autism-related-anti-vaccine-beliefs-on-twitter-2009-15
#7
Theodore S Tomeny, Christopher J Vargo, Sherine El-Toukhy
This study examines temporal trends, geographic distribution, and demographic correlates of anti-vaccine beliefs on Twitter, 2009-2015. A total of 549,972 tweets were downloaded and coded for the presence of anti-vaccine beliefs through a machine learning algorithm. Tweets with self-disclosed geographic information were resolved and United States Census data were collected for corresponding areas at the micropolitan/metropolitan level. Trends in number of anti-vaccine tweets were examined at the national and state levels over time...
September 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926575/does-body-image-perception-relate-to-quality-of-life-in-middle-aged-women
#8
Maria Socorro Medeiros de Morais, Rafaela Andrade do Nascimento, Mariana Carmem Apolinário Vieira, Mayle Andrade Moreira, Saionara Maria Aires da Câmara, Álvaro Campos Cavalcanti Maciel, Maria das Graças Almeida
OBJECTIVE: In Brazil, information about the influence of body image on the various life domains of women in menopausal transition is scarce. Thus, the objective of the study was to analyze the relationship between body image and quality of life in middle-aged Brazilian women. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 250 women between 40 and 65 years old, living in Parnamirim/RN, Brazil, who were evaluated in relation to body image and quality of life. For body image, women were classified as: dissatisfied due to low weight, satisfied (with their body weight) and dissatisfied due to being overweight...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926510/restoring-vaginal-function-in-postmenopausal-women-with-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause
#9
Risa Kagan, Eliza Rivera
Menopause practitioners are often asked to help postmenopausal women restore vaginal health and function. A common scenario is the postmenopausal woman who has been without a sexual partner for many years and is now about to resume or has already unsuccessfully attempted penetrative sexual activity. This Practice Pearl addresses the pathophysiology and effect of atrophic genital changes and offers advice on how vaginal health and comfortable sexual activity can be restored.
September 18, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926440/epidural-labor-analgesia-fentanyl-dose-and-breastfeeding-success-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Amy I Lee, Robert J McCarthy, Paloma Toledo, Mary Jane Jones, Nancy White, Cynthia A Wong
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an important public health concern. High cumulative doses of epidural fentanyl administered for labor analgesia have been reported to be associated with early termination of breastfeeding. We tested the hypothesis that breastfeeding success is adversely influenced by the cumulative epidural fentanyl dose administered for labor analgesia. METHODS: The study was a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial of parous women at greater than 38 weeks gestation who planned to breastfeed, had successfully breastfed a prior infant, and who received neuraxial labor analgesia...
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926371/residential-agricultural-pesticide-exposures-and-risks-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#11
Gary M Shaw, Wei Yang, Eric M Roberts, Susan E Kegley, David K Stevenson, Suzan L Carmichael, Paul B English
BACKGROUND: Pesticides exposures are aspects of the human exposome that have not been sufficiently studied for their contribution to risk for preterm birth. We investigated risks of spontaneous preterm birth from potential residential exposures to 543 individual chemicals and 69 physicochemical groupings that were applied in the San Joaquin Valley of California during the study period, 1998-2011. METHODS: The study population was derived from birth certificate data linked with Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development maternal and infant hospital discharge data...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926205/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sleep-disturbance-among-older-women-in-vietnam
#12
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Charrlotte Seib
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore prevalence and correlates of sleep disturbance among women aged 60 and over in Vietnam. BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance can negatively influence human's health. Sleep disturbance is likely to increase with age, and women appear to be more likely to experience sleep disturbance than men. Knowledge about sleep disturbance in women aged 60 and over in Vietnam is under-researched. DESIGN: The study presents results from a cross-sectional survey of 440 women aged 60 and over from 16 rural and urban suburbs in Vietnam from 8/2014 to 1/2015...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926109/role-of-viruses-in-gastrointestinal-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Habibollah Mirzaei, Hossein Goudarzi, Gita Eslami, Ebrahim Faghihloo
Gastrointestinal cancers are a global public health problem, which represent a vast majority of all cancer-caused deaths in both men and women. On the other hand, viral pathogens have been long implicated as etiological factors in the onset of certain human cancers, including gastrointestinal tumors. In this regard, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), Epstein - Barr Virus (EBV) and John Cunningham Virus (JCV) have been more strongly suggested to be involved in gastrointestinal carcinogenesis; so that, the association of HPV with oropharyngeal and anal cancers and also the association of EBV with gastric cancer have been etiologically confirmed by epidemiological and experimental investigations...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925986/association-between-emotional-symptoms-and-job-demands-in-an-asian-electronics-factory
#14
Wei-Lieh Huang, Yue Leon Guo, Pau-Chung Chen, Jui Wang, Po-Ching Chu
Various work-related issues including mental health have been described for the electronic industry. Although East Asian countries play important roles in the electronics industry, the association between job demands and emotional symptoms has been rarely examined. The present study recruited 603 workers from either office or clean room environments in an electronics factory in Taiwan. Their personal factors, work-related factors, and emotional symptoms were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. The symptoms of depression and hostility were reported in 24...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925889/physical-activity-does-it-really-increase-bone-density-in-postmenopausal-women-a-review-of-articles-published-between-2001-2016
#15
Daria Segev, Devora Hellerstein, Ayelet Dunsky
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is known for its many health benefits, among them the positive effect on bone health during the life cycle. During childhood, physical stress stimulates bone remodeling and increases density. However, due to hormonal changes during adulthood, and mainly during postmenopause the rate of bone remodeling is slowed and is less efficient. As a result, argument has arisen in the literature regarding the benefit or harm of physical activity on bone health among postmenopausal women...
September 18, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925270/-reconstruction-of-the-posterior-and-central-compartment-with-the-prolift-posterior-cohort-study-with-a-5-year-follow-up
#16
K Brányik, L Krofta, P Kraus, M Krčmář, O Gojiš, I Urbánková, J Feyereisl
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the results of the long-term prospective follow-up study of vaginal prolapse reconstructed using a Prolift Posterior. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cohort study. SETTING: Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, Prague. METHODS: Over a 5-year period (I/2006 - XII/2011) we prospectively followed a cohort of patients with posterior vaginal wall defect who underwent surgical reconstruction using a monofilament polypropylene implant Prolift Posterior (Gynecare, Ethicon, Inc...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924978/using-formative-research-to-promote-antenatal-care-attendance-and-iron-folic-acid-supplementation-in-zinder-niger
#17
Sonja Y Hess, Césaire T Ouédraogo, Ibrahim F Bamba, K Ryan Wessells, Nancy Keith, Thierno Faye, Banda Ndiaye, Maimouna Doudou, Jennifer Nielsen
In Niger, use of antenatal care (ANC) and iron folic acid (IFA) supplements is suboptimal. The objectives of this paper are as follows: (a) to conduct formative research to understand barriers and beliefs among pregnant women related to ANC, IFA supplementation, and pregnancy outcomes; (b) assess the quality of currently provided ANC services; (c) use the findings to guide the development of programmatic interventions to improve coverage of ANC services and IFA supplementation of pregnant women. Structured in-home interviews (n = 72) and focus groups (n = 4) were conducted with pregnant women in 4 randomly selected villages in rural Zinder...
September 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924688/the-barrier-to-informed-choice-in-cancer-screening-statistical-illiteracy-in-physicians-and-patients
#18
Odette Wegwarth, Gerd Gigerenzer
An efficient health care requires both informed doctors and patients. Our current healthcare system falls short on both counts. Most doctors and patients do not understand the available medical evidence. To illustrate the extent of the problem in the setting of cancer screening: In a representative sample of some 5000 women in nine European countries, 92% overestimated the reduction of breast cancer mortality by mammography by a factor of 10-200, or did not know. For a similar sample of about 5000 men with respect to PSA screening, this number was 89%...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924678/gender-opportunities-in-psychosocial-oncology
#19
Matthew Loscalzo, Karen Clark
So much has happened since the original publication of this chapter. In some ways, the progress made in appreciating the full spectrum of sexual and gender expression has been uneven and in some nations, there has been serious regression and resulting repression. But overall, especially in the industrialized countries, there is much greater awareness of sex and gender and its importance in health and well being. In this updated chapter, we put sex and gender into a historical context that is relevant to psycho-oncology and that openly accepts that society overall, is highly conflicted when it comes to how women and men get the best out of each other, never mind how to best integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924361/temporomandibular-dysfunction-stress-and-common-mental-disorder-in-university-students
#20
Viviane Gontijo Augusto, Keity Cristina Bueno Perina, Daniel Silva Gontijo Penha, Daiane Carolina Alves Dos Santos, Valéria Aparecida Souza Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) and its association with perceived stress and common mental disorder (CMD) in academic students. METHODS: This is s transversal observational study conducted at Universidade de Minas Gerais, Divinópolis Unit, in health science courses. To investigate the prevalence of TMD, the anamnestic index by Fonseca was used. Stress was assessed by the perceived stress scale, translated and adapted for the Brazilian population in 2006...
November 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
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