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Chemotherapy Associated Liver Injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542731/systematic-review-of-the-influence-of-chemotherapy-associated-liver-injury-on-outcome-after-partial-hepatectomy-for-colorectal-liver-metastases
#1
REVIEW
J Zhao, K M C van Mierlo, J Gómez-Ramírez, H Kim, C H C Pilgrim, P Pessaux, S S Rensen, E P van der Stok, F G Schaap, O Soubrane, T Takamoto, L Viganò, B Winkens, C H C Dejong, S W M Olde Damink
BACKGROUND: The impact of chemotherapy-associated liver injury (CALI) on postoperative outcome in patients undergoing partial hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) remains controversial. The objective of this study was to clarify the effect of CALI (sinusoidal dilatation (SD), steatosis and steatohepatitis) on postoperative morbidity and mortality by investigating a large data set from multiple international centres. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were searched for studies published between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2013 with keywords 'chemotherapy', 'liver resection', 'outcome' and 'colorectal metastases' to identify potential collaborating centres...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516292/limax-test-improves-diagnosis-of-chemotherapy-associated-liver-injury-before-resection-of-colorectal-liver-metastases
#2
Johan F Lock, Tilman Westphal, Tom Rubin, Maciej Malinowski, Antje Schulz, Maximilian Jara, Jan Bednarsch, Martin Stockmann
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy of colorectal liver metastases (CLMs) prior to liver resection implies the risk of chemotherapy-associated liver injury, leading to increased postoperative morbidity and mortality OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the LiMAx (liver maximum capacity) test for diagnosis of chemotherapy-associated liver injury. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients with CLMs, prior to liver resection. We performed preoperative assessment of liver function using biochemical parameters and the LiMAx test...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476244/imaging-of-hepatic-toxicity-of-systemic-therapy-in-a-tertiary-cancer-centre-chemotherapy-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-molecular-targeted-therapies-and-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors
#3
REVIEW
F Alessandrino, S H Tirumani, K M Krajewski, A B Shinagare, J P Jagannathan, N H Ramaiya, D N Di Salvo
The purpose of this review is to familiarise radiologists with the spectrum of hepatic toxicity seen in the oncology setting, in view of the different systemic therapies used in cancer patients. Drug-induced liver injury can manifest in various forms, and anti-neoplastic agents are associated with different types of hepatotoxicity. Although chemotherapy-induced liver injury can present as hepatitis, steatosis, sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, and chronic parenchymal damages, molecular targeted therapy-associated liver toxicity ranges from mild liver function test elevation to fulminant life-threatening acute liver failure...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458594/hepatic-lesions-that-mimic-metastasis-on-radiological-imaging-during-chemotherapy-for-gastrointestinal-malignancy-recent-updates
#4
REVIEW
Sung-Hye You, Beom Jin Park, Yeul Hong Kim
During chemotherapy in patients with gastrointestinal malignancy, the hepatic lesions may occur as chemotherapy-induced lesions or tumor-associated lesions, with exceptions for infectious conditions and other incidentalomas. Focal hepatic lesions arising from chemotherapy-induced hepatopathies (such as chemotherapy-induced sinusoidal injury and steatosis) and tumor-associated eosinophilic abscess should be considered a mimicker of metastasis in patients with gastrointestinal malignancy. Accumulating evidence suggests that chemotherapy for gastrointestinal malignancy in the liver has roles in both the therapeutic effects for hepatic metastasis and injury to the non-tumor bearing hepatic parenchyma...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399088/-the-forensic-medical-evaluation-of-traumatic-and-spontaneous-ruptures-of-the-organs-affected-by-the-tumours
#5
Yu I Pigolkin, O V Dolzhansky, E M Pal'tseva, M A Shilova, D N Fedorov, S E Boeva
The present article was designed to report the results of the analysis of the cases of traumatic and spontaneous ruptures of the organs affected by the tumours based on the original observations and the literature data. It is shown that the probability of the tumour rupture depends on its histological type, localization, the size, and the distance from the capsule of the affected organ, the degree of involvement of the major blood vessels, the severity of the necrotic changes, the presence of cysts in the neoplasm, and the regimens of radio- and chemotherapy...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248240/global-proteome-changes-in-liver-tissue-6-weeks-after-folfox-treatment-of-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastases
#6
Jozef Urdzik, Anna Vildhede, Jacek R Wiśniewski, Frans Duraj, Ulf Haglund, Per Artursson, Agneta Norén
(1) Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for colorectal cancer liver metastasis is associated with sinusoidal injury of liver parenchyma. The effects of oxaliplatin-induced liver injury on the protein level remain unknown. (2) Protein expression in liver tissue was analyzed-from eight patients treated with FOLFOX (combination of fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin) and seven controls-by label-free liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. Recursive feature elimination-support vector machine and Welch t-test were used to identify classifying and relevantly changed proteins, respectively...
October 14, 2016: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068634/virgin-coconut-oil-supplementation-attenuates-acute-chemotherapy-hepatotoxicity-induced-by-anticancer-drug-methotrexate-via-inhibition-of-oxidative-stress-in-rats
#7
Ademola C Famurewa, Odomero G Ufebe, Chima A Egedigwe, Onyebuchi E Nwankwo, Godwin S Obaje
BACKGROUND: The emerging health benefit of virgin coconut oil (VCO) has been associated with its potent natural antioxidants; however, the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effect of VCO against methotrexate-induced liver damage and oxidative stress remains unexplored. The study explored the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of VCO against oxidative stress and liver damage induced by anticancer drug methotrexate (MTX) in rats. METHODS: Liver damage was induced in Wistar rats pretreated with dietary supplementation of VCO (5% and 15%) by intraperitoneal administration of MTX (20mg/kg bw) on day 10 only...
March 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061766/chemotherapy-induced-sinusoidal-injury-csi-score-a-novel-histologic-assessment-of-chemotherapy-related-hepatic-sinusoidal-injury-in-patients-with-colorectal-liver-metastasis
#8
Heather L Stevenson, Mariana M Prats, Eizaburo Sasatomi
BACKGROUND: Preoperative neoadjuvant therapy for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) is increasing in use and can lead to chemotherapy-induced damage to sinusoidal integrity, namely sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS). SOS has been associated with an increased need for intraoperative blood transfusions, increased length of hospitalization post-surgery, decreased tumor response, and a shorter overall survival after resection due to liver insufficiency. It is critical for clinicians and pathologists to be aware of this type of liver injury, and for pathologists to include the status of the background, non-neoplastic liver parenchyma in their pathology reports...
January 7, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995093/new-perspectives-in-the-treatment-of-colorectal-metastases
#9
REVIEW
Dominique Elias, Luca Viganò, Franco Orsi, Marta Scorsetti, Tiziana Comito, Jan Lerut, Davide Cosola, Guido Torzilli
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the management of metastatic colorectal cancer has become more aggressive and more multidisciplinary. New treatment options have been proposed in addition to the standard approach of resection of liver metastases and chemotherapy. SUMMARY: Selected patients with synchronous limited peritoneal and liver disease (peritoneal cancer index <12 and <3 liver metastases) can be scheduled for aggressive treatment, including cytoreductive surgery, hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy, and liver resection...
November 2016: Liver Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756893/first-left-hepatic-trisectionectomy-including-segment-one-with-new-associated-liver-partition-and-portal-vein-ligation-with-staged-hepatectomy-alpps-modification-how-to-do-it
#10
Aiman Obed, Anwar Jarrad, Abdalla Bashir
BACKGROUND Associated Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation with Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) leads to rapid hepatic hypertrophy and decreases incidence of post-hepatectomy liver failure in patients with a marginal future liver remnant. Various procedural ALPPS modifications were previously described. Here, we present the first case of a new ALPPS modification, carrying out a left hepatic trisectionectomy with segment 1. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 36-year-old woman with locally advanced sigmoid adeno-carcinoma and extensive left liver metastases extending to segment V and VIII, who received state-of-the-art systemic conversion chemotherapy...
October 19, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570421/cancer-associated-fibroblasts-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
REVIEW
Norio Kubo, Kenichiro Araki, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Ken Shirabe
The hepatic stellate cells in the liver are stimulated sustainably by chronic injury of the hepatocytes, activating myofibroblasts, which produce abundant collagen. Myofibroblasts are the major source of extracellular proteins during fibrogenesis, and may directly, or secreted products, contribute to carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are one of the components of the tumor microenvironment that promote the proliferation and invasion of cancer cells by secreting various growth factors and cytokines...
August 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436016/liver-and-biliary-damages-following-transarterial-chemoembolization-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-comparison-between-drug-eluting-beads-and-lipiodol-emulsion
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Arnaud Monier, Boris Guiu, Rafael Duran, Serge Aho, Pierre Bize, Pierre Deltenre, Vincent Dunet, Alban Denys
OBJECTIVES: To compare transarterial chemoembolization (TACE)-related hepatic toxicities of conventional TACE (cTACE) and drug-eluting beads TACE (DEB-TACE) in patients with intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 151 consecutive patients undergoing cTACE or DEB-TACE and MRI 3-6 weeks before and after therapy were included. Toxicity was assessed on imaging (global hepatic damages (GHD), overall biliary injuries, biliary cast, bile duct dilatation, intrahepatic biloma, portal thrombosis), and clinico-biological follow-ups...
April 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382093/braf-mutation-correlates-with-high-risk-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-and-increased-resistance-to-first-line-therapy
#13
Sébastien Héritier, Jean-François Emile, Mohamed-Aziz Barkaoui, Caroline Thomas, Sylvie Fraitag, Sabah Boudjemaa, Florence Renaud, Anne Moreau, Michel Peuchmaur, Catherine Chassagne-Clément, Frédérique Dijoud, Valérie Rigau, Despina Moshous, Anne Lambilliotte, Françoise Mazingue, Kamila Kebaili, Jean Miron, Eric Jeziorski, Geneviève Plat, Nathalie Aladjidi, Alina Ferster, Hélène Pacquement, Claire Galambrun, Laurence Brugières, Guy Leverger, Ludovic Mansuy, Catherine Paillard, Anne Deville, Corinne Armari-Alla, Anne Lutun, Marion Gillibert-Yvert, Jean-Louis Stephan, Fleur Cohen-Aubart, Julien Haroche, Isabelle Pellier, Frédéric Millot, Brigitte Lescoeur, Virginie Gandemer, Christine Bodemer, Roger Lacave, Zofia Hélias-Rodzewicz, Valérie Taly, Frédéric Geissmann, Jean Donadieu
PURPOSE: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an inflammatory myeloid neoplasia with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and outcomes in children. The somatic BRAF(V600E) mutation occurs frequently, but clinical significance remains to be determined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: BRAF(V600E) mutation was investigated in a French LCH cohort. We analyzed associations between mutation status and clinical presentation, extent of disease, reactivation rate, response to therapy, and long-term permanent sequelae...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358673/parenchymal-sparing-liver-surgery-in-patients-with-colorectal-carcinoma-liver-metastases
#14
REVIEW
Fernando A Alvarez, Rodrigo Sanchez Claria, Sebastian Oggero, Eduardo de Santibañes
Liver resection is the treatment of choice for patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM). However, major resections are often required to achieve R0 resection, which are associated with substantial rates of morbidity and mortality. Maximizing the amount of residual liver gained increasing significance in modern liver surgery due to the high incidence of chemotherapy-associated parenchymal injury. This fact, along with the progressive expansion of resectability criteria, has led to the development of a surgical philosophy known as "parenchymal-sparing liver surgery" (PSLS)...
June 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260311/preoperative-assessment-of-chemotherapeutic-associated-liver-injury-based-on-indocyanine-green-retention-test
#15
Nadia Russolillo, Serena Langella, Serena Perotti, Roberto Lo Tesoriere, Fabio Forchino, Alessandro Ferrero
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the capacity of indocyanine green retention test at 15 min (ICGR15) to predict chemotherapeutic-associated liver injuries (CALI). METHODS: Patients undergoing liver resection for CLM that received preoperative oxaliplatin and/or irintecan-based chemotherapy within 3 months before surgery and scheduled first hepatectomy were considered. RESULTS: 166 out of 983 patients treated between 01/2001 and 04/2014 fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
July 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049500/is-ursodeoxycholic-acid-detrimental-in-obstructive-cholestasis-a-propos-of-a-case-of-malignant-biliary-obstruction
#16
Fernando Bessone, Marcelo Gabriel Roma
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is the first choice medication for most cholestatic hepatopathies, due to its capability to counteract inflammation and bile-acid-induced liver damage, two common features in cholestasis. However, UDCA is usually contraindicated in obstructive cholestasis, due to the alleged risk of biliary integrity disruption due to its choleretic effect. We report on an 83-year-old man with an unsuspected malignant biliary obstruction who received moderate doses of UDCA (8-12 mg/kg/day) for 5 weeks, because the preliminary evidence suggested he had chemotherapy-induced cholestasis...
May 2016: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038846/sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome
#17
Dominique-Charles Valla, Dominique Cazals-Hatem
Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) is characterized by damage to small hepatic vessels affecting particularly sinusoidal endothelium. Damaged sinusoids can be associated with a partial or complete occlusion of small hepatic veins, hence the previous denomination of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD). Exposure to certain exogenous toxins appears to be specific to this condition and is frequently included in its definition. Typical histopathological features of SOS in a liver biopsy specimen are presented in the text...
September 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017860/chemotherapy-associated-hepatotoxicities
#18
REVIEW
Michael A White, Yuman Fong, Gagandeep Singh
Chemotherapy can cause liver injury, which should be considered when planning for safe surgical hepatic resections. This article reviews the pertinent clinical findings and applications for surgeons to take into account in evaluating patients for hepatic resection with liver injury secondary to chemotherapy. A selection of the pertinent literature discussing types of chemotherapy-associated hepatotoxicities, mechanisms of injury, methods for identification of liver injury, and impact on surgical outcomes is discussed...
April 2016: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26972374/sinusoidal-dilation-increases-the-risk-of-complications-in-hepatectomy-for-crclm-protective-effect-of-bevacizumab-and-diabetes-mellitus-serum-gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase-as-predictive-factor
#19
J Martins, H Alexandrino, R Oliveira, M A Cipriano, D Falcão, L Ferreira, R Martins, M Serôdio, M Martins, J G Tralhão, L Prado e Castro, F Castro E Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Advances in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) have allowed surgical treatment in otherwise unresectable patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). It is well known that NCT induces liver lesions such as sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) and steatohepatitis (SH). However, whether it affects postoperative morbidity remains controversial. The aim of this study was both to evaluate the impact of NCT on liver parenchyma and postoperative morbidity, and to identify preoperative predictive markers for liver injury...
May 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935778/prevalence-risk-factors-management-and-treatment-outcomes-of-first-line-antituberculous-drug-induced-liver-injury-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Qin Sun, Qing Zhang, Jin Gu, Wen-Wen Sun, Peng Wang, Chong Bai, He-Ping Xiao, Wei Sha
PURPOSE: Antituberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ATDILI) is one of the most deleterious side effects associated with chemotherapy against tuberculosis (TB). In this study, our objective was to determine the incidence, risk factors, and management of ATDILI and analyze its impact on the treatment outcome in patients receiving standard anti-TB chemotherapy. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of ATDILI prevalence was conducted in 938 enrolled patients of the 1426 TB cases in Shanghai from March 2011 to September 2012...
August 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
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