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Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Hani E E Ali, Ben-Chung Cheng, Hsin-Ju Chiang, Pei-Hsun Sung, Kuan-Hung Chen, Chih-Chao Yang, Yen-Ta Chen, John Y Chiang, Pao-Yuan Lin, Sarah Chua, Han-Tan Chai, Sheng-Ying Chung, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Hon-Kan Yip
This study tested the hypothesis that extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) treatment can improve ischemia-induced left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in mini-pig with co-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD). LV ischemia in mini-pigs was induced by applying an ameroid constrictor over mid-left anterior descending artery (LAD), while model of CKD was established by right nephrectomy with partial ligation of left renal arterioles 2 weeks before LAD constriction. Thirty mini-pigs were randomly divided into group 1 (sham-control), group 2 (LV-ischemia), group 3 (LV-ischemia + CKD), Group 4 [LV-ischemia + ECSW (applied 1200 shots at 0...
May 30, 2017: Oncotarget
John A Damiano, Rosemary Burgess, Sara Kivity, Tally Lerman-Sagie, Zaid Afawi, Ingrid E Scheffer, Samuel F Berkovic, Michael S Hildebrand
Synaptic proteins are critical to neuronal function in the brain, and their deficiency can lead to seizures and cognitive impairments. CNKSR2 (connector enhancer of KSR2) is a synaptic protein involved in Ras signaling-mediated neuronal proliferation, migration and differentiation. Mutations in the X-linked gene CNKSR2 have been described in patients with seizures and neurodevelopmental deficits, especially those affecting language. In this study, we sequenced 112 patients with phenotypes within the epilepsy-aphasia spectrum (EAS) to determine the frequency of CNKSR2 mutation within this complex set of disorders...
March 2017: Epilepsia
Chun-Man Yuen, Sheng-Ying Chung, Tzu-Hsien Tsai, Pei-Hsun Sung, Tien-Hung Huang, Yi-Ling Chen, Yung-Lung Chen, Han-Tan Chai, Yen-Yi Zhen, Meng-Wei Chang, Ching-Jen Wang, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Hon-Kan Yip
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of shock wave (SW) on brain-infarction volume (BIV) and neurological function in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) by left internal carotid artery occlusion in rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: SD rats (n=48) were divided into group 1 [sham-control (SC)], group 2 [SC-ECSW (energy dosage of 0.15 mJ/mm(2)/300 impulses)], group 3 (AIS), and group 4 (AIS-ECSW) and sacrificed by day 28 after IS induction. In normal rats, caspase-3, Bax and TNF-α biomarkers did not differ between animals with and without ECSW therapy, whereas Hsp70 was activated post-ECSW treatment...
2015: American Journal of Translational Research
Maheswaran Easwaran, Sarita Paudel, Mahanama De Zoysa, Hyun-Jin Shin
In this study, multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli Sw1 (E. coli Sw1) and active lytic phage EcSw was isolated from feces samples of Sus scrofa domesticus (piglet) suffering from diarrhea. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated that isolated EcSw belongs to the Myoviridae family with an icosahedral head (80 ± 4) and a long tail (180 ± 5 nm). The EcSw phage genome size was estimated to be approximately 75 Kb of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). Phage dynamic studies show that the latent period and burst size of EcSw were approximately 20 min and 28 PFU per cell, respectively...
June 2015: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Anne de Saint-Martin, Gabrielle Rudolf, Caroline Seegmuller, Maria Paola Valenti-Hirsch, Edouard Hirsch
Epileptic encephalopathy with continuous diffuse spike-waves during slow-wave sleep (ECSWS) presents clinically with infrequent nocturnal focal seizures, atypical absences related to secondary bilateral synchrony, negative myoclonia, and atonic and rare generalized tonic-clonic seizures. The unique electroencephalography (EEG) pattern found in ECSWS consists of continuous, diffuse, bilateral spike-waves during slow-wave sleep. Despite the eventual disappearance of clinical seizures and EEG abnormalities by adolescence, the prognosis is guarded in most cases because of neuropsychological and behavioral deficits...
August 2014: Epilepsia
Xavier L Griffin, Nick Parsons, Matthew L Costa, David Metcalfe
BACKGROUND: The morbidity and socioeconomic costs of fractures are considerable. The length of time to healing is an important factor in determining a person's recovery after a fracture. Ultrasound may have a therapeutic role in reducing the time to union after fracture. This is an update of a review previously published in February 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of low-intensity ultrasound (LIPUS), high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFUS) and extracorporeal shockwave therapies (ECSW) as part of the treatment of acute fractures in adults...
June 23, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sapna P Iyer, Lucas E Nikkel, Kyle K Nishiyama, Elzbieta Dworakowski, Serge Cremers, Chiyuan Zhang, Donald J McMahon, Stephanie Boutroy, X Sherry Liu, Lloyd E Ratner, David J Cohen, X Edward Guo, Elizabeth Shane, Thomas L Nickolas
The use of early corticosteroid withdrawal (ECSW) protocols after kidney transplantation has become common, but the effects on fracture risk and bone quality are unclear. We enrolled 47 first-time adult transplant recipients managed with ECSW into a 1-year study to evaluate changes in bone mass, microarchitecture, biomechanical competence, and remodeling with dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HRpQCT), parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, and bone turnover markers obtained at baseline and 3, 6, and 12 months post-transplantation...
June 2014: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Meng-Han Tsai, Danya F Vears, Samantha J Turner, Robert L Smith, Samuel F Berkovic, Lynette G Sadleir, Ingrid E Scheffer
PURPOSE: To characterize the frequency and nature of the family history of seizures in probands with epilepsy falling within the epilepsy-aphasia spectrum (EAS) in order to understand the genetic architecture of this group of disorders. METHODS: Patients with epileptic encephalopathy with continuous spike-and-wave during sleep (ECSWS), Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS), atypical benign partial epilepsy (ABPE), and intermediate epilepsy-aphasia disorders (IEAD) were recruited...
February 2013: Epilepsia
Xavier L Griffin, Nick Smith, Nick Parsons, Matthew L Costa
BACKGROUND: The morbidity and socioeconomic costs of fractures are considerable. The length of time to healing is an important factor in determining a patient's recovery after a fracture. Ultrasound may have a therapeutic role in reducing the time to union after fracture. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of low intensity ultrasound (LIPUS), high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFUS) and extracorporeal shockwave therapies (ECSW) as part of the treatment of acute fractures in adults...
2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Morgan Fu, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Yu-Chun Lin, Ching-Jen Wang, Chiung-Jen Wu, Sheung-Fat Ko, Sarah Chua, Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Chiang-Hua Chiang, Pei-Lin Shao, Steve Leu, Hon-Kan Yip
An optimal treatment for patients with diffuse obstructive arterial disease unsuitable for catheter-based or surgical intervention is still pending. This study tested the hypothesis that extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) therapy may be a therapeutic alternative under such clinical situation. Myocardial ischemia was induced in male mini-pigs through applying an ameroid constrictor over mid-left anterior descending artery (LAD). Twelve mini-pigs were equally randomized into group 1 (Constrictor over LAD only) and group 2 (Constrictor over LAD plus ECSW [800 impulses at 0...
2011: PloS One
Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska, Clotilde Castaldo, Rita Miraglia, Veronica Romano, Antonella De Angelis, Elena Piegari, Sergio Russo, Stefania Montagnani
Although low-energy extracorporeal cardiac shock wave (ECSW) therapy represents an attractive non-invasive treatment option for ischaemic heart disease, the precise mechanisms of its action and influence on the cardiac tissue remain obscure. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of SW application on cardiac function and structure. Four-month-old Fisher 344 rats were subjected to ECSW therapy. Echocardiographic measurements of cardiac function were performed at baseline and at 1 and 3 months after treatment...
April 2012: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
R E Chudzinski, K Khwaja, P Teune, J Miller, H Tang, M Pavlakis, C Rogers, S Johnson, S Karp, D Hanto, D Mandelbrot
Organs from donors after cardiac death (DCD) are being increasingly utilized. Prior reports of DCD kidney transplantation involve the use of prednisone-based immunosuppression. We report our experience with early corticosteroid withdrawal (ECSW). Data on 63 DCD kidney transplants performed between 2002 and 2007 were analyzed. We compared outcomes in 28 recipients maintained on long-term corticosteroids (LTCSs) with 35 recipients that underwent ECSW. DGF occurred in 49% of patients on ECSW and 46% on LTCS (p=0...
January 2010: American Journal of Transplantation
Pei-Lin Shao, Chaw-Chi Chiu, Chun-Man Yuen, Sarah Chua, Li-Teh Chang, Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Chiung-Jen Wu, Ching-Jen Wang, Hon-Kan Yip
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) in ameliorating inflammatory mediator expression and neointimal formation in a rat model of vascular injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats with left carotid artery (LCA) injury induced by balloon dilatation (BD; group 1) were compared with group 2 [LCA injury plus ECSW-181 (defined as 181 total shocks given in LCA at 0.011 mJ/mm(2)) on day 2 post-LCA injury], and group 3 (normal controls)...
2010: Cardiology
P Rajkumar, G F Schmitgen
Heel pain is a common orthopaedic problem, The cause of this clinical entity remains an enigma. The overall prognosis is good, however, and the symptoms generally settle well with time. There appears to be little evidence of the effectiveness of local steroid injections and dorsiflexion night splints. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ECSW) has been used in orthopaedics since the 1980s. With this, a new tool has become available for the treatment of plantar fasciitis, achillis tendinitis, shoulder pain and tendinosis of the elbow...
December 2002: International Journal of Clinical Practice
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