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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530440/children-s-reasoning-about-deception-and-defiance-as-ways-of-resisting-parents-and-teachers-directives
#1
Matthew Gingo
This research presented 8-, 10-, and 12-year-olds (N = 120) with hypothetical situations depicting comparably aged children engaging in defiance and deception to circumvent authorities' directives that they disagreed with. The nature of the situations varied in terms of domain (personal, moral, or prudential) and type of authority figure (parent or teacher). Evaluations and justifications for the legitimacy of the directives, defiance, and deception were examined, as were general evaluations of deception. Across domains, increased age was associated with decreased acceptance of directives, and increased acceptance of defiance and deception...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529399/modeling-high-school-timetabling-with-bitvectors
#2
Emir Demirović, Nysret Musliu
High school timetabling (HSTT) is a well known and wide spread problem. The problem consists of coordinating resources (e.g. teachers, rooms), times, and events (e.g. lectures) with respect to various constraints. Unfortunately, HSTT is hard to solve and just finding a feasible solution for simple variants of HSTT has been proven to be NP-complete. We propose a new modeling approach for HSTT using bitvectors in which constraint costs of the general HSTT can be calculated using bit operations. This model allows efficient computation of constraint costs making it useful when implementing HSTT algorithms...
2017: Annals of Operations Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528435/benefits-of-a-regular-vs-irregular-rhythm-based-training-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-motor-skills-in-obese-girls
#3
Ghazi Racil, Wassim Elmontassar, Imen Rommene, Claire Tourny, Anis Chaouachi, Jeremy B Coquart
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of a physical exercise programme including rhythmic elements (regular and irregular tempos) on physiological variables, motor skills (MS), and jump performances in obese girls. METHODS: Thirty-six obese girls (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years, body mass: 58.7 ± 4.0 kg, height: 1.37 ± 0.04 m, body mass index: 31.2 ± 2.1) participated in three weekly physical exercise sessions for 6 weeks, with each session consisting of basic fundamental locomotor movements...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525793/-almost-a-slam-dunk-assessing-the-experiences-and-opinions-of-participants-in-a-national-basketball-association-nba-funded-dropout-prevention-program
#4
Tray J Geiger, Audrey Amrein-Beardsley
Researchers conducted an evaluation of participants' perceptions of a dropout prevention program - the NBA High School program - involving a National Basketball Association (NBA) team, a high school located in downtown [City], and the College of Education (COE) at the local State University (SU). The program targeted "at-risk" high school students while utilizing student-teachers as tutors and mentors. Researchers utilized mixed methods to assess student, student-teacher, and high school teacher participants' experiences with and opinions of the program...
May 10, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523738/using-a-group-centered-approach-to-observe-interactions-in-early-childhood-education
#5
Saskia D M van Schaik, Paul P M Leseman, Mariëtte de Haan
This study examined the value of using a group-centered approach to evaluate process quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC). Is observed support of group processes a different aspect of classroom quality, and does it predict children's collaborative play in ECEC in the Netherlands? In two play situations, 37 teachers and 120 two- to four-year-old children were observed with the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) Toddler and two new measures. In a two-level structural equation model, teachers' support of group processes was positively related to the CLASS domains and to children's collaborative play, over and above the effect of children's cognitive ability and social competence...
May 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522255/sustainability-of-community-led-total-sanitation-outcomes-evidence-from-ethiopia-and-ghana
#6
Jonny Crocker, Darren Saywell, Jamie Bartram
We conducted a study to evaluate the sustainability of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) outcomes in Ethiopia and Ghana. Plan International, with local actors, implemented four CLTS interventions from 2012 to 2014: health extension worker-facilitated CLTS and teacher-facilitated CLTS in Ethiopia, and NGO-facilitated CLTS with and without training for natural leaders in Ghana. We previously evaluated these interventions using survey data collected immediately after implementation ended, and concluded that in Ethiopia health extension workers were more effective facilitators than teachers, and that in Ghana training natural leaders improved CLTS outcomes...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521838/does-the-use-of-the-informed-healthcare-choices-ihc-primary-school-resources-improve-the-ability-of-grade-5-children-in-uganda-to-assess-the-trustworthiness-of-claims-about-the-effects-of-treatments-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#7
Allen Nsangi, Daniel Semakula, Andrew D Oxman, Matthew Oxman, Sarah Rosenbaum, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Margaret Kaseje, Iain Chalmers, Atle Fretheim, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: The ability to appraise claims about the benefits and harms of treatments is crucial for informed health care decision-making. This research aims to enable children in East African primary schools (the clusters) to acquire and retain skills that can help them make informed health care choices by improving their ability to obtain, process and understand health information. The trial will evaluate (at the individual participant level) whether specially designed learning resources can teach children some of the key concepts relevant to appraising claims about the benefits and harms of health care interventions (treatments)...
May 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521662/statement-for-doppler-waveforms-analysis
#8
Guillaume Mahé, Carine Boulon, Ileana Desormais, Philippe Lacroix, Luc Bressollette, Jean-Louis Guilmot, Claire Le Hello, Marie-Antoinette Sevestre, Gilles Pernod, Joel Constans, Christian Boissier, Alessandra Bura-Rivière
Peripheral artery disease of the lower limbs (PAD) is a common disease. Evaluation of PAD is primarily based on non-invasive examinations with analysis of the arterial Doppler signal being a key element. However, the description of arterial Doppler waveforms morphologies varies considerably across medical schools and from country to country. In order to overcome this issue, the French College of Teachers for Vascular Medicine (Collège des Enseignants de Médecine Vasculaire; CEMV) has summarised the published data on Doppler waveforms analysis and proposes a new "Saint-Bonnet" classification system to describe Doppler waveforms morphologies...
May 19, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516854/mother-father-and-teacher-agreement-on-victimization-and-bullying-in-children-with-psychiatric-disorders
#9
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Farhat Siddiqui, Raman Baweja, Daniel A Waschbusch, Richard E Mattison, Dara E Babinski
Bullying is a significant international problem, and parent-teacher agreement on identifying perpetrators and victims is poor in general population studies. The goal of our study is to assess informant discrepancies in children with mental health disorders. Parents and teachers completed the Pediatric Behavior Scale as part of a diagnostic evaluation for 1,723 children (ages 2-16 years) referred to a psychiatry clinic over the past 10 years. Mother and father bullying and victimization ratings on the Pediatric Behavior Scale were similar, but parent-teacher agreement was poor...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515185/the-job-content-questionnaire-in-various-occupational-contexts-applying-a-latent-class-model
#10
Kionna Oliveira Bernardes Santos, Tânia Maria de Araújo, Fernando Martins Carvalho, Robert Karasek
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Job Content Questionnaire(JCQ) performance using the latent class model. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional studies conducted in Brazil and examined three occupational categories: petroleum industry workers (n=489), teachers (n=4392) and primary healthcare workers (3078)and 1552 urban workers from a representative sample of the city of Feira de Santana in Bahia, Brazil. An appropriate number of latent classes was extracted and described each occupational category using latent class analysis, a multivariate method that evaluates constructs and takes into accountthe latent characteristics underlying the structure of measurement scales...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515181/measuring-ability-to-assess-claims-about-treatment-effects-the-development-of-the-claim-evaluation-tools
#11
Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Daniel Semakula, Allen Nsangi, Andrew David Oxman, Iain Chalmers, Sarah Rosenbaum, Øystein Guttersrud
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of the Claim Evaluation Tools, a set of flexible items to measure people's ability to assess claims about treatment effects. SETTING: Methodologists and members of the community (including children) in Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, Norway, the UK and Australia. PARTICIPANTS: In the iterative development of the items, we used purposeful sampling of people with training in research methodology, such as teachers of evidence-based medicine, as well as patients and members of the public from low-income and high-income countries...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512437/behavioral-patterns-in-special-education-good-teaching-practices
#12
Manuela Rodríguez-Dorta, África Borges
Providing quality education means to respond to the diversity in the classroom. The teacher is a key figure in responding to the various educational needs presented by students. Specifically, special education professionals are of great importance as they are the ones who lend their support to regular classroom teachers and offer specialized educational assistance to students who require it. Therefore, special education is different from what takes place in the regular classroom, demanding greater commitment by the teacher...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512362/-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-copsoq-psychometric-properties-of-selected-scales-in-the-polish-version
#13
Maria Widerszal-Bazyl
BACKGROUND: The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionniare (COPSOQ) has many advantages as compared to other similar instruments, i.a., it is not related to one single theoretical model and it measures a wide spectrum of psychosocial working conditions that have shown proven impact on health. The aim of the article is to summarize information on psychometric properties of 11 scales in the Polish version: Quantitative Demands, Emotional Demands, Influence at Work, Social Support, Possibilities for Development, Meaning of Work, Role Clarity, Quality of Leadership, Job Insecurity, Job Satisfaction, and General Health...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511602/evaluation-of-student-handwashing-practices-during-a-school-based-hygiene-program-in-rural-western-kenya-2007
#14
Genevieve La Con, Katharine Schilling, Julie Harris, Bobbie Person, Mercy Owuor, Lorraine Ogange, Sitnah Faith, Robert Quick
Unsafe drinking water and inadequate handwashing facilities in primary schools increase the risk of absenteeism due to diarrhea and respiratory infections. To mitigate these risks, we provided 28 schools in rural Western Kenya with handwashing and drinking water stations (containers with lids and taps on metal stands), bleach for water treatment, soap for handwashing, and educational materials. We observed the use of the water stations and assessed teachers' attitudes toward the intervention. Of 151 total handwashing stations, 69 (59%) were observed to have soap and water and treated drinking water 4 months after implementation; observations of pupils showed an increase in handwashing behavior in water stations located < 10 m, as compared with those >10 m, from latrines ( p < ...
January 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509610/development-of-culture-sensitive-clinical-teacher-evaluation-sheet-in-the-japanese-context
#15
Makoto Kikukawa, Renee E Stalmeijer, Tomoya Okubo, Kikuko Taketomi, Sei Emura, Yasushi Miyata, Motofumi Yoshida, Lambert Schuwirth, Albert J J A Scherpbier
AIM: Many instruments for evaluating clinical teaching have been developed, albeit most in Western countries. This study aims to develop a validated cultural and local context sensitive instrument for clinical teachers in an East Asian setting (Japan), Japanese Clinical Teacher Evaluation Sheet (JaCTES). METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional evaluation study was conducted. We collected a total of 1368 questionnaires on 304 clinical teachers, completed by residents in 16 teaching hospitals...
May 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504872/comparing-student-and-staff-perceptions-of-the-educational-climate-in-spanish-dental-schools-using-the-dundee-ready-education-environment-measure
#16
I Tomás, A Aneiros, M A Casares-de-Cal, V Quintas, I Prada-López, C Balsa-Castro, L Ceballos, G Gómez-Moreno, C Llena, P López-Jornet, M C Machuca, J Palés
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perceptions of students and teachers of the "Educational Climate" (EC) in Spanish public dental schools. METHODS: A group of 1064 students and 354 teachers from six Spanish public dental schools responded to the DREEM questionnaire. This has 50 items grouped into five subscales: perception of learning (Learning); perception of teachers (Teachers); academic self-perceptions (Academic); perception of the atmosphere in the faculty (Atmosphere); and social self-perceptions (Social)...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504847/implementation-of-a-digital-preparation-validation-tool-in-dental-skills-laboratory-training
#17
A Kozarovska, C Larsson
AIM: To describe the implementation of a digital tool for preparation validation and evaluate it as an aid in students' self-assessment. METHODS: Students at the final semester of skills laboratory training were asked to use a digital preparation validation tool (PVT) when performing two different tasks; preparation of crowns for teeth 11 and 21. The students were divided into two groups. Group A self-assessed and scanned all three attempts at 21 ("prep-and-scan")...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500676/an-evaluation-of-interdependent-and-independent-group-contingencies-during-the-good-behavior-game
#18
Emily A Groves, Jennifer L Austin
The Good Behavior Game (GBG) uses an interdependent group contingency to improve classroom behavior. Despite the wealth of research on the effectiveness of the GBG, some teachers may have concerns about their students' abilities to work in teams, particularly if they have a history of poor social skills. We used an alternating treatments design to compare the relative effectiveness of the GBG with interdependent and independent group contingencies in a classroom for children with emotional and behavioral disorders...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497991/medical-students-professional-development-as-educators-revealed-through-reflections-on-their-teaching-following-a-students-as-teachers-course
#19
Michelle H Yoon, Benjamin C Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
Phenomenon: Teaching is an important part of the tri-partite mission of every medical center. Although teaching often is given lower priority and recognition as opposed to patient care and/or research, this activity for many physicians in academic medicine ranks second to their patient care responsibilities. Medical teacher training has traditionally been aimed at faculty and residents through faculty development initiatives, continuing education for physicians at professional conferences, formalized degree or certificate programs in education, and residents as teachers programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497568/neuropsychological-phenotypes-of-76-individuals-with-joubert-syndrome-evaluated-at-a-single-center
#20
Angela C Summers, Joseph Snow, Edythe Wiggs, Alexander G Liu, Camilo Toro, Andrea Poretti, Wadih M Zein, Brian P Brooks, Melissa A Parisi, Sara Inati, Dan Doherty, Meghana Vemulapalli, Jim C Mullikin, Thierry Vilboux, William A Gahl, Meral Gunay-Aygun
Joubert syndrome (JS) is a genetically heterogeneous ciliopathy characterized by hypo-dysplasia of the cerebellar vermis, a distinct hindbrain/midbrain malformation (molar tooth sign), and intellectual disability. We evaluated the neuropsychological profiles of 76 participants with JS in the context of molecular genetics and clinical covariates. Evaluations included neuropsychological testing, structured parental interviews, DNA sequencing, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalography (EEG), ophthalmologic examination, and assessment for renal and hepatic disease...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
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