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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645445/fundamental-frequency-and-formants-before-and-after-prolonged-voice-use-in-teachers
#1
Ariane Damasceno Pellicani, Alice Ramos Fontes, Francisco Flavio Santos, Aline Damasceno Pellicani, Lilian Neto Aguiar-Ricz
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe and correlate the fundamental frequency behavior and the first four formants before and after exposure to usual and routinely prolonged voice use from teachers with over 4 years of experience in teaching. STUDY DESIGN: The study design is observational and transversal with quantitative and descriptive evaluations. METHODS: A total of 28 female teachers were subjected to the Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD) and to recordings of the sustained vowel /a/ before and after exposure to prolonged voice use...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642374/behavioral-patterns-in-adolescents-born-at-23-to-25-weeks-of-gestation
#2
Maria Samuelsson, Antti Holsti, Marie Adamsson, Fredrik Serenius, Bruno Hägglöf, Aijaz Farooqi
BACKGROUND: This study examined mental health outcomes in extremely preterm children (EPT) born at 23 to 25 weeks of gestation between 1992 and 1998 at 2 Swedish tertiary care centers that offered regional and active perinatal care to all live-born EPT infants. METHODS: We assessed 132 (98%) of the 134 EPT survivors at 10 to 15 years of age alongside term-born controls. Behavioral and emotional problems were evaluated by using Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist and Teacher Report Form and Conners' Parent and Teacher scales for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder...
June 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641901/putting-evaluation-capacity-building-in-context-reflections-on-the-ontario-brain-institute-s-evaluation-support-program
#3
Jean A King
This article, in three parts, reflects on the content of the six articles included in the forum. It begins with a description of the Evaluation Support Program, emphasizing its key attributes. Next, it raises two points regarding ECB theory: (1) the need to become clearer about the concepts and terms used to describe and study this phenomenon, and (2) the potential value of social science theory to understand ECB and improve its practice. The article concludes with practical ideas for improving ECB: (1) framing it as an educative act, which assigns the evaluator the critical role of evaluation teacher/coach; and (2) the importance of never assuming that an ECB effort begins in unchartered territory, but rather that it builds on people's knowledge, skills, attitudes, and previous experiences...
May 13, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639424/parental-attitudes-toward-pediatric-use-of-complementary-alternative-medicine-in-turkey
#4
Fadime Ustuner Top, Dilek Konuk Sener, Sengul Cangur
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the pediatric usage of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) by parents in Turkey, the incidence of using these methods, and the factors affecting their use. DESIGN AND METHODS: The sectional and relational design of the study included a sample of 497 parents who took children for treatment at the Maternity and Children's Hospital in Giresun, Turkey. Data for the study were collected via the Personal Information Form and the Evaluation Form for Complementary/Alternative Treatment Use...
June 21, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638592/evaluating-the-quality-of-peer-interactions-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-with-the-penn-interactive-peer-play-scale-pipps
#5
Rebecca M Jones, Andrew Pickles, Catherine Lord
BACKGROUND: A core difficulty for individuals with autism is making friends and successfully engaging and interacting with peers. The majority of measures to assess peer interactions are observations in a school setting or self-report. The present study examined the convergent validity of using a teacher rating scale, the Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale (PIPPS), for collecting information about the quality of peer interactions at school. METHODS: Teachers completed the PIPPS for 107 children with ASD when the child was 9 and 13 years of age...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638515/use-of-fellow-as-clinical-teacher-fact-curriculum-for-teaching-during-consultation-effect-on-subspecialty-fellow-teaching-skills
#6
Eli M Miloslavsky, Kathleen Degnan, Jenna McNeill, Jakob I McSparron
BACKGROUND: Subspecialty consultation in inpatient care is increasing. Teaching by subspecialty fellows in a consultation setting may be an important source of work-based learning for students and residents. However, teaching and evaluation of learners in this context may be challenging due to personal and systems-based barriers. OBJECTIVE: We developed and evaluated a framework designed to overcome barriers to teaching and to improve fellow teaching skills during inpatient consultation...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633937/our-teacher-likes-you-so-i-like-you-a-social-network-approach-to-social-referencing
#7
Marloes M H G Hendrickx, Tim Mainhard, Henrike J Boor-Klip, Mieke Brekelmans
A teacher is a social referent for peer liking and disliking when students adjust their evaluations of a peer based on their perceptions of teacher liking and disliking for this peer. The present study investigated social referencing as an intra-individual process that occurs over time, using stochastic actor-oriented modeling with RSiena. The co-evolution of peer-perceived teacher liking and disliking networks with peer liking and disliking networks was analyzed in 52 fifth-grade classes in the Netherlands, with 1370 students (Mage=10...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632444/the-structural-consequences-of-big-data-driven-education
#8
Elana Zeide
Educators and commenters who evaluate big data-driven learning environments focus on specific questions: whether automated education platforms improve learning outcomes, invade student privacy, and promote equality. This article puts aside separate unresolved-and perhaps unresolvable-issues regarding the concrete effects of specific technologies. It instead examines how big data-driven tools alter the structure of schools' pedagogical decision-making, and, in doing so, change fundamental aspects of America's education enterprise...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#9
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629265/the-comparative-analysis-of-postural-and-biomechanical-parameters-of-preschool-teachers-pre-and-post-intervention-within-the-ergokita-study
#10
Eva-Maria Burford, Rolf Ellegast, Britta Weber, Manuela Brehmen, David Groneberg, Andrea Sinn-Behrendt, Ralph Bruder
The ErgoKiTa study aimed to determine the musculoskeletal strain of preschool teachers and to identify and evaluate suitable prevention measures to reduce this strain. A comprehensive work analysis using objective and subjective methods was performed to determine the present work situation in preschools in Germany, and the results were used to derive suitable intervention measures. The musculoskeletal strain was determined by means of a comprehensive analysis of postures, forces and movements using the CUELA system and calculated as cumulative shift workloads...
June 20, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628793/the-reliability-concurrent-validity-and-association-with-salivary-oxytocin-of-the-self-report-version-of-the-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-adolescents-with-conduct-disorder
#11
Tomer Levy, Alan Apter, Amir Djalovski, Miriam Peskin, Silvana Fennig, Galia Gat-Yablonski, Meytal Bar-Maisels, Katy Borodkin, Yuval Bloch
The present study evaluated the self-report version of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU-SR) in terms of reliability, concurrent validity, and correlation with salivary oxytocin levels, a potential biomarker of CU traits. 67 socially at-risk male adolescents (mean 16.2 years) completed the ICU-SR, ICU teacher-version (ICU-TR), Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, and their medical files were coded for previous antisocial acts using Brown-Goodwin Lifetime Aggression Scale. Salivary samples were assayed for oxytocin...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627810/development-of-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-during-young-childhood
#12
André B Rietman, Rianne Oostenbrink, Kimberley van Noort, Marie-Christine J P Franken, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets, Femke K Aarsen, Jos G Hendriksen, Pieter F A de Nijs
This retrospective longitudinal study in young children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) aimed to identify if, and how early problems in behavior, intelligence, and language development are associated with later behavioral problems. At the first assessment at preschool age, we evaluated language skills, intelligence, and emotional and behavioral problems as reported by parents. The second assessment at school-age we evaluated intelligence, and emotional and behavioral problems as reported by parents and teachers...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621245/evaluation-of-school-teachers-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-quality-of-life-according-to-their-cigarette-smoking-status-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-eastern-black-sea-region-of-turkey
#13
Dilek Çakmakçı Karadoğan, Özgür Önal, Deniz Say Şahin, Sonnur Yazıcı, Yalçın Kanbay
Introduction: Smoking related health disorders are particularly common after long-term cigarette use and accordingly cumulative side effects of smoking usually do not appear in younger individuals. Therefore, for evaluating the contemporary effects of smoking in healthy individuals quality of life has become a fundamental criterion. In this study our aims are evaluating factors affecting school teachers' smoking status and comparing quality of life them according to their cigarette smoking status...
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619410/an-international-collaboration-for-the-training-of-medical-chief-residents-in-rwanda
#14
Tim Walker, Vincent Dusabejambo, Janet J Ho, Claudine Karigire, Bradley Richards, Andre N Sofair
BACKGROUND: The year-long position of chief medical resident is a time-honored tradition in the United States that serves to provide the trainee with an opportunity to gain further skills as a clinician, leader, teacher, liaison, and administrator. However, in most training programs in the developing world, this role does not exist. OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop a collaborative program to train the first medical chief residents for the University of Rwanda and to assess the impact of the new chief residency on residency training, using questionnaires and qualitative interviews with Rwandan faculty, chief residents, and residents...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619179/agreement-between-sleep-diary-and-actigraphy-in-a-highly-educated-brazilian-population
#15
Marcela Zambrim Campanini, Esther Lopez-Garcia, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Alberto Durán González, Selma Maffei Andrade, Arthur Eumann Mesas
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the agreement between a sleep diary and actigraphy on the assessment of sleep parameters among school teachers from Brazil. METHODS: A total of 163 teachers (66.3% women; aged 45 ± 9 years) filled out a sleep diary and wore a wrist actigraph device for seven consecutive days. Data were collected from August 2014 to March 2015 in Londrina, a large city in southern Brazil. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and Pearson correlation coefficients (r) were used to compare self-reported and actigraphic data...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604023/concurrent-validity-and-sensitivity-to-change-of-direct-behavior-rating-single-item-scales-dbr-sis-within-an-elementary-sample
#16
Rhonda L Smith, Katie Eklund, Stephen P Kilgus
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concurrent validity, sensitivity to change, and teacher acceptability of Direct Behavior Rating single-item scales (DBR-SIS), a brief progress monitoring measure designed to assess student behavioral change in response to intervention. Twenty-four elementary teacher-student dyads implemented a daily report card intervention to promote positive student behavior during prespecified classroom activities. During both baseline and intervention, teachers completed DBR-SIS ratings of 2 target behaviors (i...
June 12, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602529/-the-use-of-social-media-modifies-teenagers-sleep-related-behavior
#17
S Royant-Parola, V Londe, S Tréhout, S Hartley
OBJECTIVE: Modification of sleep behaviors in teenagers has been observed over the past 30years with a reduction in overall sleep time and an increasing number of teenagers suffering from sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation is linked to physical problems such as obesity but also to change in performance at school and mood disorders. Changes have been associated with the use of screens, cell phones, Internet and social media. Use of screens has been shown to delay sleep onset and melatonin secretion and stimulation of wake systems by interaction with social media may exacerbate these effects...
June 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601622/a-school-based-rope-skipping-program-for-adolescents-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#18
Amy S Ha, Chris Lonsdale, Johan Y Y Ng, David R Lubans
Despite physical education's health enhancing potential, students' activity levels in lessons are low. We evaluated a school-based intervention that involved rope skipping on students' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in physical education. The intervention was evaluated using a clustered randomized controlled trial in 24 classes (N=731 students; M=14.38years; all from Secondary 2) from 12 Hong Kong schools during September to December 2013. The primary outcome was percentage of lesson time spent in MVPA...
June 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600748/teacher-respiratory-health-symptoms-in-relation-to-school-and-home-environment
#19
Shao Lin, Wayne R Lawrence, Ziqiang Lin, Melissa Francois, Iulia A Neamtiu, Qiaoxuan Lin, Eva Csobod, Eugen S Gurzau
PURPOSE: Few studies have evaluated teachers' respiratory health, especially its relationship with school/home environment, and school policies. This study assessed asthma and smoking prevalence among teachers in Romania, teacher's perception and knowledge of the school environment, policies and asthma management, and how school and home environment affected asthma, allergy, and respiratory infection symptoms. METHODS: This cross-sectional study obtained information from 104 Romanian teachers utilizing teacher questionnaire data for Romania only, as part of the Schools Indoor Pollution and Health: Observatory Network in Europe (SINPHONIE) study, a multicenter European research project conducted between 2010 and 2012...
June 9, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597870/potential-bias-factors-that-affect-the-course-evaluation-of-students-in-preclinical-courses
#20
Su Jin Chae, Miran Kim, Ki Hong Chang, Yoon-Sok Chung
PURPOSE: We aim to identify what potential bias factors affected students' overall course evaluation, and to observe what factors should be considered in the curriculum evaluation system of medical schools. METHODS: This study analyzed students' ratings of preclinical instructions at the Ajou University School of Medicine. The ratings of instructions involved 41 first-year and 45 second-year medical students. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference between years of study and ratings' scoring...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
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