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Teacher evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216918/effect-of-structured-training-programme-on-the-knowledge-and-behaviors-of-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-among-the-female-teachers-in-turkey
#1
Ayla Bayık Temel, Şafak Dağhan, Şenay Kaymakçı, Renginar Öztürk Dönmez, Zeynep Arabacı
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer and cervical cancer are the most common cancers among women in the world. Many studies on the early detection of cancer have been conducted among women worldwide, but few studies have been performed in the world on female teachers regarding breast self-examination (BSE), mammography (MMG) and Pap smear test (PST). As teachers interact with students, this could play an important role in health education and in developing healthy behavior such as cancer screening...
December 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215296/identifying-risk-for-language-impairment-in-children-from-linguistically-diverse-low-income-schools
#2
Peggy F Jacobson, Suzanne Thompson Miller
PURPOSE: To improve screening procedures for children in a linguistically diverse context, we combined tasks known to reveal grammatical deficits in children with language impairment (LI) with training to facilitate performance on a verb elicitation task. METHOD: Sixty-four first grade children participated. The objective grammatical measures included elicitation of 12 past tense regular verbs preceded by a teaching phase (teach-test), the sentence recall (SR) subtest of the Clinical evaluation of language fundamentals (CELF-4), and a tally of all conjugated verbs from a narrative retell task...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214840/bifactor-models-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptomatology-in-adolescents-criterion-validity-and-implications-for-clinical-practice
#3
Michael T Willoughby, Gregory A Fabiano, Nicole K Schatz, Rebecca K Vujnovic, Karen L Morris
This study evaluated the fit and criterion validity of a bifactor model for 18 DSM-IV attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, along with nine supplementary symptoms that represented the manifestation of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity in adolescence and early adulthood. Participants included N = 172 adolescents who were diagnosed with combined type ADHD and who were enrolled in a treatment study. A bifactor model provided reasonably good fit to combined parent- and teacher-reported DSM symptoms and supplemental items at baseline prior to treatment...
March 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213497/development-and-content-validity-of-the-cena-program-for-educational-training-on-the-neuropsychology-of-learning-with-an-emphasis-on-executive-functions-and-attention
#4
Janice R Pureza, Rochele P Fonseca
Introduction: The importance of executive functions (EF) in childhood development, and their role as indicators of health, well-being, professional and academic success have been demonstrated by several studies in the literature. FE are cognitive processes that aim to control and manage behavior to achieve specific goal and included skills planning, inhibition, cognitive flexibility, (executive) attention and the central executive component of working memory (WM). In the context of education, the EF are crucial for continued learning and efficient academic performance due to their involvement in several components of the educational process...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212379/provision-of-rehabilitation-services-for-children-with-disabilities-living-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#5
Dawn Magnusson, Frank Sweeney, Michel Landry
BACKGROUND: Childhood disability is a growing global health priority. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify and summarize rehabilitation interventions used to support children with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: This scoping review involved a systematic search of electronic databases using a combination of subject headings and/or keywords related to child disability, rehabilitation, and low- and middle-income countries. Charting involved an iterative process whereby the full text of articles meeting the inclusion criteria were abstracted using a charting form...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205901/dissecting-the-role-of-sessional-anatomy-teachers-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Danielle Rhodes, Quentin A Fogg, Michelle D Lazarus
Worldwide there is a growing reliance on sessional teachers in universities. This has impacted all disciplines in higher education including medical anatomy programs. The objective of this review was to define the role and support needs of sessional anatomy teachers by reporting on the (1) qualifications, (2) teaching role, (3) training, and (4) performance management of this group of educators. A systematic literature search was conducted on the 27 July 2017 in Scopus, Web of Science, and several databases on the Ovid, ProQuest and EBSCOhost platforms...
December 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198103/time-trends-in-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-in-california-women-declining-serum-levels-2011-2015
#7
Susan Hurley, Debbie Goldberg, Miaomiao Wang, June-Soo Park, Myrto X Petreas, Leslie Bernstein, Hoda Anton-Culver, David O Nelson, Peggy Reynolds
After several decades of widespread use, some per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were phased-out of use due to concerns raised by their persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic properties. Our objective was to evaluate temporal trends in serum PFAS levels among 1,257 middle-aged and older California women (ages 40-94) during a four year period, beginning approximately five to ten years after these phase-outs began. An online SPE-HPLC- MS/MS was used to measure 10 long-chain PFASs in serum from blood collected cross-sectionally during 2011-2015 from a subset of participants in the California Teachers Study...
December 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195707/icbls-an-interactive-case-based-learning-system-for-medical-education
#8
Maqbool Ali, Soyeon Caren Han, Hafiz Syed Muhammad Bilal, Sungyoung Lee, Matthew Jee Yun Kang, Byeong Ho Kang, Muhammad Asif Razzaq, Muhammad Bilal Amin
Medical students should be able to actively apply clinical reasoning skills to further their interpretative, diagnostic, and treatment skills in a non-obtrusive and scalable way. Case-Based Learning (CBL) approach has been receiving attention in medical education as it is a student-centered teaching methodology that exposes students to real-world scenarios that need to be solved using their reasoning skills and existing theoretical knowledge. In this paper, we propose an interactive CBL System, called iCBLS, which supports the development of collaborative clinical reasoning skills for medical students in an online environment...
January 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195210/influence-of-undergraduate-nursing-student-teaching-methods-on-learning-standard-precautions-and-transmission-based-precautions-experimental-research
#9
Maria Soledad Kappes Ramirez
OBJECTIVES: An experimental study was performed with undergraduate nursing students in order to determine, between two methodologies, which is the best for learning standard precautions and precautions based on disease transmission mechanisms. METHODS: Students in the sample are stratified by performance, with the experimental group (49 students) being exposed to self-instruction and clinical simulation on the topic of standard precautions and special precautions according to disease transmission mechanisms...
November 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190872/-level-of-teaching-competence-at-the-undergraduate-medical-internship-of-unam-s-faculty-of-medicine
#10
Adrián Martínez-González, Alberto Lifshitz-Guinzberg, Eduardo González-Quintanilla, Ana María Monterrosas-Rojas, Fernando Flores-Hernández, Florina Gatica-Lara, Adrián Israel Martínez-Franco, Melchor Sánchez-Mendiola
BACKGROUND: There is no systematic evaluation of teaching performance in the clinical area at UNAM Faculty of Medicine. The study purpose is to assess the teaching competence level in the Undergraduate Medical Internship (UMI). CLINICAL CASE: The paper describes the process of psychometric validity for the instrument designed to evaluate teaching competence in the UMI. This instrument was constructed from two previously developed instruments. The final version with 54 items in a Likert scale was studied with exploratory factorial analysis...
November 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189583/modeling-fitness-variable-responses-to-training-in-prepubescent-children
#11
Ana R Alves, Carlos Marta, Henrique P Neiva, Célia Nunes, Mikel Izquierdo, Mário C Marques
The aim of this study was to determine strength and oxygen uptake (VO2max) performances according to different training program intervention design with 8-weeks duration in prepubescent children through a multiple linear regression models. Two hundred and forty-five healthy prepubescent children (aged 10.9 ± 0.5 years) were randomly assigned to a specific training program (strength training only - S; aerobic training only - A; intra-session aerobic and strength training - AS; intra-session strength and aerobic training - SA; or concurrent training performed in different sessions - CT) or a control group (no training regimen - C)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186915/development-of-a-dog-assisted-activity-program-in-an-elementary-classroom
#12
Cinzia Correale, Lara Crescimbene, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli
Here we describe a pilot Dog-Assisted Activity program that was designed to improve wellbeing and social integration in a multi-cultural elementary classroom in which some episodes of bullying had been reported. We developed a 5-encounters protocol with the aim of introducing pet dogs into the class to stimulate understanding of different types of communication and behavior, ultimately facilitating positive relationships among peers. A preliminary evaluation was carried out in order to assess the effect of the program on teachers' perception of children's difficulties (e...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185627/strategies-for-enhancing-the-implementation-of-school-based-policies-or-practices-targeting-risk-factors-for-chronic-disease
#13
REVIEW
Luke Wolfenden, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Sze Lin Yoong, Rebecca K Hodder, Rebecca J Wyse, Tessa Delaney, Alice Grady, Alison Fielding, Flora Tzelepis, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Benjamin Parmenter, Peter Butler, John Wiggers, Adrian Bauman, Andrew Milat, Debbie Booth, Christopher M Williams
BACKGROUND: A number of school-based policies or practices have been found to be effective in improving child diet and physical activity, and preventing excessive weight gain, tobacco or harmful alcohol use. Schools, however, frequently fail to implement such evidence-based interventions. OBJECTIVES: The primary aims of the review are to examine the effectiveness of strategies aiming to improve the implementation of school-based policies, programs or practices to address child diet, physical activity, obesity, tobacco or alcohol use...
November 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183369/improving-tuberculosis-case-detection-in-underdeveloped-multi-ethnic-regions-with-high-disease-burden-a-case-study-of-integrated-control-program-in-china
#14
Jun Li, Xiao-Qiu Liu, Shi-Wen Jiang, Xue Li, Fei Yu, Yan Wang, Yong Peng, Xiao-Ming Gu, Yan-Ni Sun, Hui Zhang, Li-Xia Wang
BACKGROUND: In the underdeveloped multi-ethnic regions of China, high tuberculosis (TB) burden and regional inequity in access to healthcare service increase the challenge of achieving the End TB goals. Among all the provinces, the highest TB burden is reported in Xinjiang, where ethnic minorities and older people have suffered most. However, current case-finding strategy is inadequate given the complex social determinants and suboptimal case detection rates. Thus, we developed an integrated TB control program to improve case detection and conducted a pilot in Xinjiang from 2014 to 2015...
November 29, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183183/peer-group-reflection-on-student-ratings-stimulates-clinical-teachers-to-generate-plans-to-improve-their-teaching
#15
Marion van Lierop, Laury de Jonge, Job Metsemakers, Diana Dolmans
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that student ratings of a teachers' performance do not incentivize clinical teachers to reflect critically and generate plans to improve their teaching. Peer group reflection might offer a solution in mediating this change. AIM: To investigate: (a) to which extent clinical teachers perceive self-evaluation, student ratings and peer group reflection effective; and (b) whether additional peer group reflection fosters critical reflection and the translation of feedback into concrete plans of action...
November 28, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182037/drd4-exon-3-genotype-and-adhd-randomized-pharmacodynamic-investigation-of-treatment-response-to-methylphenidate
#16
Darya Naumova, Natalie Grizenko, Sarojini M Sengupta, Ridha Joober
OBJECTIVES: Dopamine plays an important role in modulating attention and motor behaviors, dimensions altered in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Numerous association studies have linked dopamine receptor 4 (DRD4) to increased risk of ADHD. This study investigated the effect of DRD4 exon 3 polymorphism on child behaviours in response to treatment with methylphenidate (MPH). METHODS: 374 children diagnosed with ADHD (ages 6-12) were evaluated under three experimental conditions: baseline, placebo and MPH (0...
November 28, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179724/intervention-fidelity-in-the-definitive-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-healthy-lifestyles-programme-help-trial-findings-from-the-process-evaluation
#17
Jenny Lloyd, Sarah Dean, Siobhan Creanor, Charles Abraham, Melvyn Hillsdon, Emma Ryan, Katrina M Wyatt
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP) was a novel school-located intervention for 9-10 year olds, designed to prevent obesity by changing patterns of child behaviour through the creation of supportive school and home environments using dynamic and creative delivery methods. This paper reports on both the quantitative and qualitative data regarding the implementation of the HeLP intervention in the definitive cluster randomised controlled trial, which was part of the wider process evaluation...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172596/overcoming-the-research-to-practice-gap-a-randomized-trial-with-two-brief-homework-and-organization-interventions-for-students-with-adhd-as-implemented-by-school-mental-health-providers
#18
Joshua M Langberg, Melissa R Dvorsky, Stephen J Molitor, Elizaveta Bourchtein, Laura D Eddy, Zoe R Smith, Lauren E Oddo, Hana-May Eadeh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of 2 brief school-based interventions targeting the homework problems of adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-the Homework, Organization, and Planning Skills (HOPS) intervention and the Completing Homework by Improving Efficiency and Focus (CHIEF) intervention, as implemented by school mental health providers during the school day. A secondary goal was to use moderator analyses to identify student characteristics that may differentially predict intervention response...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172267/breast-cancer-risk-assessment-using-the-gail-model-and-it%C3%A2-s-predictors-in-saudi-women
#19
Hala Hazam Al Otaibi
Background: The Gail Model has been widely implemented in developed and developing countries and is considered to be the best available instrument to estimate breast cancer (BC) risk for early prevention. Objective: The goals of the study were to determine five-year and lifetime BC risks and to assess BC predictors among female Saudi teachers using the Gail model. Methods: A cross sectional study with convenience sampling was conducted among 180 female Saudi secondary school teachers. The Gail model was used to evaluate the five-year and lifetime risks of developing BC...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171720/building-resilience-in-regional-youth-impacts-of-a-universal-mental-health-promotion-programme
#20
Margaret McAllister, Bruce Allen Knight, Penelope Hasking, Cathie Withyman, Jessica Dawkins
Mental health is a leading health issue facing young people today, particularly those living in rural and regional areas. Although public policy supports schools-based health promotion, there is limited evidence of the efficacy of such programmes and the elements that enhance successful implementation in rural and regional areas. A study was designed to evaluate a mental health promotion programme, delivered collaboratively by nurses, guidance officers, and teachers, to 850 young people from 23 rural and regional high schools in Queensland, Australia...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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