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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208968/school-based-multicomponent-intervention-for-obese-children-in-udupi-district-south-india-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Baby S Nayak, Vinod H Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity and overweight is a global epidemics and has been increasing in the developing countries. Childhood obesity is linked with increased mortality and morbidity independent of adult obesity. Declining physical activity, access to junk food and parenting style are the major determinants of overweight in children. Thus, there is a need for increasing the physical activity of children, educating the parents as well as the children on lifestyle modification. This can be achieved through implementation of multicomponent intervention...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208883/fostering-educational-research-among-medical-teachers-evaluation-of-a-faculty-development-program-in-india
#2
Tripti K Srivastava, Lalitbhushan S Waghmare, Alka Rawekar, Ved Prakash Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Medical education can be enormously benefitted from research. Since clinicians/medical teachers are directly involved in teaching learning processes, they should participate in Educational Research (ER) practices to generate evidence and insights about teaching learning. Faculty Development Program (FDP) has a positive influence amongst health professionals and therefore can prove to be of consequence in instilling a strong educational research culture. AIM: Present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of a Faculty Development Fellowship Program in Medical Education to foster educational research culture amongst medical teachers...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208839/interventions-for-preventing-childhood-obesity-with-smartphones-and-wearable-device-a-protocol-for-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Hye Jung Yang, Jae-Heon Kang, Ok Hyun Kim, Mona Choi, Myungju Oh, Jihyun Nam, Eunju Sung
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a critical health issue, both currently and for the foreseeable future. To prevent obesity, behavior changes are essential. Smartphones can be a good tool, as the number of child smartphone users is rapidly increasing. We have developed a mobile platform system named "HAPPY ME," which is a smartphone application coupled with a wearable device, designed to improve healthy behaviors to prevent childhood obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention among children 10-12 years of age using HAPPY ME...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188945/assessment-of-clinical-teachers-professionalism-in-iran-from-residents-and-fellowships-perspective
#4
Sima Garshasbi, Hamidollah Bahador, Nahid Fakhraei, Abolfazl Farbod, Maryam Mohammadi, Soleiman Ahmady, Seyed Hassan Emami Razavi
In the present study, professional conduct of clinical teachers in Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Iran was assessed by their residents (n=292) and fellowships (n=48) using a standard questioner called self-reported measurement equipment. This evaluation was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Professionalism was questioned in four domains including clinical teacher-patient, clinical teacher-student, inter-professional and clinical teacher-self relationships. Accordingly, mean scores of the teachers in cases of clinical teacher-patient; clinical teacher-student, inter-professional (teamwork) and clinical teacher-self relations were 61%, 62...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188476/classrooms-in-peace-within-violent-contexts-field-evaluation-of-aulas-en-paz-in-colombia
#5
Enrique Chaux, Madeleine Barrera, Andrés Molano, Ana María Velásquez, Melisa Castellanos, Maria Paula Chaparro, Andrea Bustamante
Classrooms in Peace (Aulas en Paz) is an elementary school-based multicomponent program for prevention of aggression and promotion of peaceful relationships. Inspired by international programs and socio-emotional research, it includes (1) a classroom universal curriculum, (2) parent workshops and home visits to parents of the 10% most aggressive children, and (3) extracurricular peer groups of two aggressive and four prosocial children. Activities seek to promote socio-emotional competencies such as empathy, anger management, creative generation of alternatives, and assertiveness...
February 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187923/the-impact-of-a-teaching-or-singing-career-on-the-female-vocal-quality-at-the-mean-age-of-67-years-a-pilot-study
#6
Evelien D'haeseleer, Sofie Claeys, Kim Bettens, Laura Leemans, Ann-Sophie Van Calster, Nina Van Damme, Zoë Thijs, Julie Daelman, Clara Leyns, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the objective and subjective vocal quality in women aged between 60 and 75 years. Secondly, the impact of a teaching or singing career on the vocal quality was investigated by comparing the vocal quality of retired women with different careers. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case-control study. METHODS: Seventy-three retired women between 60 and 75 years (mean age: 67 years, standard deviation: 4...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181268/developing-an-instrument-to-measure-emotional-behaviour-abilities-of-meaningful-learning-through-the-delphi-technique
#7
Lucia Cadorin, Annamaria Bagnasco, Angela Tolotti, Nicola Pagnucci, Loredana Sasso
AIM: To identify items for a new instrument that measures emotional behaviour abilities of Meaningful Learning, according to Fink's Taxonomy. BACKGROUND: Meaningful Learning is an active process that promotes a wider and deeper understanding of concepts. It is the result of an interaction between new and prior knowledge and produces a long-term change of knowledge and skills. To measure Meaningful Learning capability, it is very important in the education of health professionals to identify problems or special learning needs...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178910/medtalks-developing-teaching-abilities-and-experience-in-undergraduate-medical-students
#8
Suhair Bandeali, Albert Chiang, Christopher J Ramnanan
OBJECTIVES: According to the CanMEDS' Scholar competency, physicians are expected to facilitate the learning of colleagues, patients and other health professionals. However, most medical students are not provided with formal opportunities to gain teaching experience with objective feedback. METHODS: To address this, the University's Medical Education Interest Group (MEIG) created a pilot teaching program in January 2015 entitled 'MedTalks'. Four 3-hour sessions were held at the University Faculty of Medicine, where first and second year medical students taught clinically oriented topics to undergraduate university students...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173789/participatory-science-and-innovation-for-improved-sanitation-and-hygiene-process-and-outcome-evaluation-of-project-shine-a-school-based-intervention-in-rural-tanzania
#9
Erin Hetherington, Matthijs Eggers, Joyce Wamoyi, Jennifer Hatfield, Mange Manyama, Susan Kutz, Sheri Bastien
BACKGROUND: Diarrheal disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in low and middle income countries with children being disproportionately affected. Project SHINE (Sanitation & Hygiene INnovation in Education) is a grassroots participatory science education and social entrepreneurship model to engage youth and the wider community in the development of sustainable strategies to improve sanitation and hygiene. METHODS: Based in rural and remote Tanzania, this pilot study engaged pastoralist high-school students and communities in the development and evaluation of culturally and contextually relevant strategies to improve sanitation and hygiene...
February 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169146/interventions-to-improve-fundamental-motor-skills-in-pre-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Abbey Van Capelle, Carolyn R Broderick, Nancy van Doorn, Rachel E Ward, Belinda J Parmenter
OBJECTIVES: Mastery in -fundamental motor skills (FMS) is associated with increased physical activity (PA) in school-aged children; however, there is limited research on pre-schoolers (3-5 years). We aimed to evaluate interventions for improving FMS as well as PA. DESIGN/METHODS: A search of electronic databases was conducted for controlled trials using PA interventions with FMS as outcomes in healthy pre-schoolers. Standardised mean difference (SMD), 95% confidence intervals and publication bias were calculated for each outcome using Revman 5...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165275/strong-schools-against-suicidality-and-self-injury-evaluation-of-a-workshop-for-school-staff
#11
Rebecca Groschwitz, Lara Munz, Joana Straub, Isabelle Bohnacker, Paul L Plener
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality are common among adolescents. School staff are often the first adults to be confronted with those behaviors. However, previous studies have shown a lack of knowledge and confidence in dealing with self-harming behaviors. Objectives of this study were to evaluate a workshop on NSSI and suicidality in adolescence for teachers, school social workers and school psychologists. In total, N = 267 school staff participated in 1 of 16 two-day workshops, which were offered in different cities in southern Germany...
February 6, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162058/prevalence-of-epilepsy-in-74-949-school-children-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#12
Inaam N Mohamed, Maha A Elseed, Ahlam A Hamed, Manar E Abdel-Rahman, Sarah M El-Sadig, Ilham M Omer, Abdelgadir H Osman, Ammar E Ahmed, Zein A Karrar, Mustafa A Salih
BACKGROUND: Data on childhood epilepsy in Sudan are scarce and the only published study on its prevalence was published in 1983. This study aimed to determine the current prevalence of epilepsy in school children in Khartoum State. METHODS: This is an analytical population-based, cross-sectional study conducted in Khartoum State, Sudan. The study included students in the basic (primary) schools aged 6-14 years. Simple random sampling was used to draw a cluster of four of the seven localities comprising Khartoum State...
February 6, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161447/how-do-adolescent-students-perceive-aging-teachers-voices
#13
Deborah Gampel, Leslie Piccolotto Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze adolescent evaluations of aging teachers' perceived vocal age (PVA) and pleasantness, relative to actual vocal parameters. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Digital speech samples of 23 teachers over 65 years in age were collected. Three speech-language pathologists and voice specialists evaluated and classified the vocal parameters on a seven-point scale according to a perceptual-auditory voice analysis protocol, developed especially for this study...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155241/effects-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-signs-and-socio-economic-status-on-sleep-bruxism-and-tooth-wear-among-schoolchildren-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#14
Isabella Mota-Veloso, Roger Keller Celeste, Cynthia Pimenta Fonseca, Maria Eliza Consolação Soares, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Joana Ramos-Jorge
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both bruxism and attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) has increased in recent years. AIM: This study evaluated the direct and indirect effects of signs of ADHD, reported by parents/caregivers and teachers, with sleep bruxism. In addition, this study explores the effects of socio-economic status (SES) on sleep bruxism. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was performed in Diamantina, Brazil, with 851 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 6-12 years...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153001/qualitative-process-evaluation-of-an-australian-alcohol-media-literacy-study-recommendations-for-designing-culturally-responsive-school-based-programs
#15
Chloe S Gordon, Lisa K Kervin, Sandra C Jones, Steven J Howard
BACKGROUND: Alcohol media literacy programs seek to mitigate the potentially harmful effects of alcohol advertising on children's drinking intentions and behaviours through equipping them with skills to challenge media messages. In order for such programs to be effective, the teaching and learning experiences must be tailored to their specific cultural context. Media in the Spotlight is an alcohol media literacy program aimed at 9 to 12 year old Australian children. This study evaluates the process and implementation of the program, outlining the factors that facilitated and inhibited implementation...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152322/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-an-aerobic-exercise-program-for-young-people-with-cerebral-palsy-in-specialist-schools
#16
Stacey L Cleary, Nicholas F Taylor, Karen J Dodd, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived effects of an aerobic exercise program delivered in specialist schools for young people with cerebral palsy with high support needs. METHODS: In-depth interviews were completed with 8 students with cerebral palsy, 10 parents, 8 teachers and 7 physiotherapists. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and independently coded by two researchers. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Two themes emerged: one about program impact and the second about influential design features...
February 2, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152229/development-and-testing-of-the-calds-and-cles-t-scales-for-international-nursing-students-clinical-learning-environments
#17
Kristina Mikkonen, Satu Elo, Jouko Miettunen, Mikko Saarikoski, Maria Kääriäinen
AIM: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the new Cultural and Linguistic Diversity scale, which is designed to be used with the newly validated Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher scale for assessing international nursing students' clinical learning environments. BACKGROUND: In various developed countries, clinical placements are known to present challenges in the professional development of international nursing students...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151986/longitudinal-changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-migrant-backgrounds
#18
Ester Villalonga-Olives, Ichiro Kawachi, Josue Almansa, Nicole von Steinbüchel
BACKGROUND: Little is known about longitudinal changes in the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among children with migrant backgrounds. METHODS: The sample comprised 350 children with predominantly migrant backgrounds enrolled in 7 kindergartens in Frankfurt and Darmstadt, Germany. At baseline, the participants' mean age was 4.4 years (SD 0.9). Data collection started in May 2009. Two waves of data were collected one year apart (94% response rate). HRQoL was evaluated with the Kiddy-KINDL...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151816/mobile-technology-in-the-perioperative-arena-rapid-evolution-and-future-disruption
#19
Brian S Rothman, Rajnish K Gupta, Matthew D McEvoy
Throughout the history of medicine, physicians have relied upon disruptive innovations and technologies to improve the quality of care delivered, patient outcomes, and patient satisfaction. The implementation of mobile technology in health care is quickly becoming the next disruptive technology. We first review the history of mobile technology over the past 3 decades, discuss the impact of hardware and software, explore the rapid expansion of applications (apps), and evaluate the adoption of mobile technology in health care...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149709/evaluation-of-a-health-promoting-schools-program-in-a-school-board-in-nova-scotia-canada
#20
Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Tarra L Penney, Nicole Ata, Lori Munro-Sigfridson, Jane Cunningham, Paul J Veugelers, Kate Storey, Arto Ohinmaa, Sara F L Kirk, Stefan Kuhle
A Health promoting schools (HPS) approach aims to make schools a healthy place through a holistic approach that promotes a supportive 'school ethos' and emphasizes improvements in physical, social, and emotional well-being and educational outcomes. A HPS initiative in rural Nova Scotia (Canada) provided an opportunity for a population-level natural experiment. This study investigated student well-being and health behaviours between schools with and without HPS implementation and schools with high and low school ethos scores...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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