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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817472/current-state-of-test-development-administration-and-analysis-a-study-of-faculty-practices
#1
Timothy J Bristol, John W Nelson, Karin J Sherrill, Virginia S Wangerin
Developing valid and reliable test items is a critical skill for nursing faculty. This research analyzed the test item writing practice of 674 nursing faculty. Relationships between faculty characteristics and their test item writing practices were analyzed. Findings reveal variability in practice and a gap in implementation of evidence-based standards when developing and evaluating teacher-made examinations.
August 16, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816912/distance-learning-adhd-quality-improvement-in-primary-care-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#2
Alexander G Fiks, Stephanie L Mayne, Jeremy J Michel, Jeffrey Miller, Manju Abraham, Andrew Suh, Abbas F Jawad, James P Guevara, Robert W Grundmeier, Nathan J Blum, Thomas J Power
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a distance-learning, quality improvement intervention to improve pediatric primary care provider use of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scales. METHODS: Primary care practices were cluster randomized to a 3-part distance-learning, quality improvement intervention (web-based education, collaborative consultation with ADHD experts, and performance feedback reports/calls), qualifying for Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Part IV credit, or wait-list control...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813075/violence-in-schools-and-the-voice-of-teachers
#3
Rodrigo Dornelas, Thaynara Alves Dos Santos, Daniela Sena de Oliveira, Roxane de Alencar Irineu, Aline Brito, Kelly Silva
Purpose: To correlate self-reporting of voice disorders with habits that impact voice production and situations of violence experienced by teachers. Methods: The study involved 41 elementary-school teachers of rural and urban areas. Two instruments were used for data collection: The Vocal Production Condition - Teacher (CPV-P) questionnaire and the Screening Index for Voice Disorders - ITDV. The chi-square test was used to verify association among variables with a significance level of 5%...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812439/evaluating-disease-prediction-models-using-a-cohort-whose-covariate-distribution-differs-from-that-of-the-target-population
#4
Scott Powers, Valerie McGuire, Leslie Bernstein, Alison J Canchola, Alice S Whittemore
Personal predictive models for disease development play important roles in chronic disease prevention. The performance of these models is evaluated by applying them to the baseline covariates of participants in external cohort studies, with model predictions compared to subjects' subsequent disease incidence. However, the covariate distribution among participants in a validation cohort may differ from that of the population for which the model will be used. Since estimates of predictive model performance depend on the distribution of covariates among the subjects to which it is applied, such differences can cause misleading estimates of model performance in the target population...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812432/addressing-compassion-fatigue-and-stress-of-special-education-teachers-and-professional-staff-using-mindfulness-and-prayer
#5
Lori M Sharp Donahoo, Beverly Siegrist, Dawn Garrett-Wright
Alternative therapies are promising nursing interventions for improvement of compassion fatigue in educators working in special education. A convenience sample of 27 teachers and professional staff working in special education participated in a quasi-experimental pilot study and completed a pre/posttest of demographic questions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) (10-item) and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL). All attended a presentation on stress, compassion satisfaction (CS), mindfulness, prayer, and social support...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810273/-nursing-internship-internal-medicine-evaluation-and-influences-on-the-attitude-towards-the-specialization
#6
Janine Wirkner, Sylvia Stracke, Anja Lange, Thomas Dabers, Harry Merk, Richard Kasch
Background German medical students have to perform a nursery internship of three month duration. While this internship is widely discussed, there is a lack of student evaluation data. Objectives Here, for the first time, student evaluation of a nursery internship in internal medicine (IM) is investigated. Moreover, the question was raised, whether the early experience during this internship may influence students' attitude towards the specialty. Methods In a nation-wide online-survey, 767 German medical students (mean age 22...
August 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807480/opportunities-and-challenges-in-screening-for-childhood-sexual-abuse
#7
Deepa L Sekhar, Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Heather L Stuckey, Pamela D Witt, Erica B Francis, Ginger A Moore, Paul L Morgan, Jennie G Noll
Retrospective studies suggest 1 in 4 girls and 1 in 6 boys will experience sexual abuse before 18 years of age, resulting in future morbidity. Successful interventions exist, however, victims are reluctant to disclose. Screening for childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may provide an opportunity to overcome this barrier, yet no current model for universal CSA screening exists. We sought to understand the perspective of key stakeholders on CSA screening through qualitative research. Eight focus groups of 7-10 participants each (n=62) were conducted from April-September 2016...
August 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803584/table-talk-development-of-an-observational-tool-to-assess-verbal-feeding-communications-in-early-care-and-education-settings
#8
Taren Swindle, Julie M Rutledge, Belynda Dix, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell
OBJECTIVE: Children's dietary intake impacts weight status and a range of short- and long-term health outcomes. Accurate measurement of factors that influence children's diet is critical to the development and evaluation of interventions designed to improve children's diets. The purpose of the current paper is to present the development of the Table Talk observational tool to measure early care and education teachers' (ECET) verbal feeding communications. DESIGN: An observational tool to assess ECET verbal communication at mealtimes was deigned based on the extant literature...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801917/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-interaction-between-socioeconomic-status-and-parental-history-of-adhd-determines-prevalence
#9
Andrew S Rowland, Betty J Skipper, David L Rabiner, Fares Qeadan, Richard A Campbell, A Jack Naftel, David M Umbach
BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported a higher prevalence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among disadvantaged populations, but few have considered how parental history of ADHD might modify that relationship. We evaluated whether the prevalence of ADHD varies by socioeconomic status (SES) and parental history of ADHD in a population-sample of elementary school children age 6-14 years. METHODS: We screened all children in grades 1-5 in 17 schools in one North Carolina (U...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796781/embodied-conversational-agents-for-multimodal-automated-social-skills-training-in-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Hiroki Tanaka, Hideki Negoro, Hidemi Iwasaka, Satoshi Nakamura
Social skills training, performed by human trainers, is a well-established method for obtaining appropriate skills in social interaction. Previous work automated the process of social skills training by developing a dialogue system that teaches social communication skills through interaction with a computer avatar. Even though previous work that simulated social skills training only considered acoustic and linguistic information, human social skills trainers take into account visual and other non-verbal features...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794061/socioeconomic-position-and-markers-of-adiposity-among-female-teachers-in-mexico
#11
Kelly A Hirko, Martin Lajous, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Paul J Christine, Felice Lȇ-Scherban, Megan S Rice, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez
BACKGROUND: Occupation is often used as an indicator of socioeconomic position (SEP) in epidemiological studies, although it is unclear whether variation in SEP within a single occupational group is associated with health outcomes, including adiposity measures. METHODS: We created a multidimensional SEP index using principal component analysis based on self-reported data from 36 704 female teachers in Mexico from 2008 to 2011. Multivariable Poisson regression models with robust variance were used to evaluate cross-sectional associations of SEP and markers of adiposity, including obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m(2)), elevated waist-to-hip ratio (WHR >85) and high waist circumference (WC >88 cm)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790956/the-influence-of-field-teaching-practice-on-pre-service-teachers-professional-identity-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Hongyu Zhao, Xiaohui Zhang
The current study used mixed methods to research pre-service teachers' professional identity. Ninety-eight pre-service teachers were investigated and twelve teachers were interviewed in China. The results were as follows: (1) The results of quantitative data showed that compared with before the field teaching practice, pre-service teachers' professional identity increased after the field teaching practice-specifically, intrinsic value identity increased, and extrinsic value identity did not significantly change; (2) The results of qualitative data validated and elaborated the results of quantitative data in more detail with regard to changes in professional identity...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780955/a-review-of-peer-assisted-learning-to-deliver-interprofessional-supplementary-image-interpretation-skills
#13
REVIEW
P Bain, A Wareing, I Henderson
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning provides a means through which individuals can learn from one another through a reciprocal process. Radiographic image interpretation skills are fundamental to both diagnostic radiography students and medical students due to their shared role in preliminary evaluation of conventional radiographic images. Medical students on graduation, may not be well prepared to carry out image interpretation, since evidence suggests that they perform less well than radiographers in e...
September 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780329/early-intervention-services-improve-school-age-functional-outcome-among-nicu-graduates
#14
Jonathan S Litt, M Maria Glymour, Penny Hauser-Cram, Thomas Hehir, Marie C McCormick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of community-based (EI) services the on functional outcomes of high-risk infants at school age. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using data from the US Department of Education's National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study. Participants were enrolled in 1997-1998 with follow-up through 5 years and had a NICU admission, birth weight >400 grams, and gestational age >23 weeks. Kindergarten outcomes were teacher assessments of academic and physical skills compared to classmates...
August 2, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776432/managing-student-behavior-in-dual-immersion-classrooms-a-study-of-class-wide-function-related-intervention-teams
#15
Blake D Hansen, Paul Caldarella, Leslie Williams, Howard P Wills
Classroom management in dual immersion classrooms includes unique challenges. The teacher must instruct and correct in the L2 language, in which students are beginning learners, and effective classroom management strategies appropriate to the L2 context. Class-Wide Function-Related Intervention Teams (CW-FIT) is a positive classroom management program that teaches social skills and uses group contingencies to improve behavior. The present study examined the ability of French immersion teachers to implement CW-FIT in the L2, including the effects of CW-FIT on teacher praise and reprimand rates and as well as on students' classroom behavior...
September 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771992/improving-evaluation-at-two-medical-schools
#16
Sarah Schiekirka-Schwake, Katharina Dreiling, Katharina Pyka, Sven Anders, Nicole von Steinbüchel, Tobias Raupach
BACKGROUND: Student evaluations of teaching can provide useful feedback for teachers and programme coordinators alike. We have designed a novel evaluation tool assessing teacher performance and student learning outcome. This tool was implemented at two German medical schools. In this article, we report student and teacher perceptions of the novel tool, and the implementation process. METHODS: Focus group discussions as well as one-to-one interviews involving 22 teachers and 31 undergraduate medical students were conducted...
August 3, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771651/bedside-rounds-valued-but-not-preferred-perceptions-of-internal-medicine-residents-and-attending-physicians-in-a-diverse-academic-training-program
#17
Naseema B Merchant, Daniel G Federman
OBJECTIVES: Bedside rounds/rounding (BDR) is an important tool for patient-centered care and trainee education. This study aimed at understanding the attitudes toward BDR among residents and attending physicians. METHODS: A survey was conducted using the Qualtrics survey tool. Responses were measured using a five-point Likert scale. RESULTS: The survey was sent to 301 attending physicians and 195 residents. Attending physicians conducted BDR 19% of the time...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771044/retrospective-analysis-of-nonepileptic-patients-with-isolated-epileptiform-discharges-treated-with-anticonvulsants
#18
Ronald J Swatzyna, Jay D Tarnow, Meyer L Proler, Alexandra J Roark, Erin K MacInerney, Gerald P Kozlowski
Many antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have been tested on nonepileptic patients with a variety of diagnoses. The Food and Drug Administration has only approved certain AEDs for a small number of psychiatric conditions. There are few studies of nonepileptic patients that recommend an empirical trial of AEDs when isolated epileptiform discharges (IEDs) are identified in the electroencephalogram (EEG). However, no trials have been published. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome of treating nonepileptic patients with AEDs when IEDs are present...
September 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769838/school-achievement-and-performance-in-chilean-high-schools-the-mediating-role-of-subjective-wellbeing-in-school-related-evaluations
#19
Verónica López, Juan C Oyanedel, Marian Bilbao, Javier Torres, Denise Oyarzún, Macarena Morales, Paula Ascorra, Claudia Carrasco
School achievement gaps and school failure are problematic issues in Latin America, and are mainly explained by the socio-economic status (SES) of the students. What schools can do to improve school achievement and reduce school failure is a critical issue, both for school management and teacher training. In this study, we present the association of individual and school-related socio-emotional variables with school achievement and performance, controlling for the effects of SES. A probabilistic sample of 4,964 students, drawn from 191 schools enrolled in year 10 in urban areas of Chile, answered questionnaires assessing subjective wellbeing, social wellbeing in school, school climate, school social wellbeing and students' perceptions of teachers' wellbeing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764199/evaluation-of-competencies-related-to-personal-attributes-of-resident-doctors-by-360-degree
#20
Harsha Jani, Wasea Narmawala, Jaishree Ganjawale
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate teaching involves training the residents in all spheres including professionalism, communication and interpersonal skills in addition to the basic clinical skills. Therefore, 360 degree evaluation has gained focus due to increased standards of medical care as shown in this study. AIM: To evaluate interpersonal and communication skills and professionalism in residents doctors using 360 degree evaluation method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a descriptive study conducted at a tertiary care hospital affiliated with a medical college...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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