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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909389/assessing-attention-and-disruptive-behavior-symptoms-in-preschool-age-children-the-utility-of-the-diagnostic-interview-schedule-for-children
#1
Benjamin Rolon-Arroyo, David H Arnold, Elizabeth A Harvey, Nastassja Marshall
Data are presented from two samples of preschool children to evaluate the reliability, concurrent validity, and predictive validity of the ADHD, ODD, and CD sections of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, Fourth Edition (DISC-IV). Information was obtained from a community sample of 128 children (Mage = 53.16 months; 63 girls) and from a sample of 72 externalizing children (Mage = 45.23 months; 31 girls) plus 25 control children (Mage = 44.51 months; 8 girls). In both studies, the DISC-IV was administered to parents along with parent and teacher behavior rating scales, and teacher rating scales were obtained again later to evaluate the predictive validity of the DISC-IV (after approximately 6 months in Study 1, and 3 years in Study 2)...
January 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904573/clinical-teaching-with-emotional-intelligence-a-teaching-toolbox
#2
REVIEW
Athar Omid, Fariba Haghani, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) helps humans to perceive their own and others' emotions. It helps to make better interpersonal communication that consequently leads to an increase in everyday performance and professional career. Teaching, particularly teaching in the clinical environment, is among the professions that need a high level of EI due to its relevance to human interactions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We adopted EI competencies with characteristics of a good clinical teacher...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896044/curricular-activities-and-change-in-determinants-of-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-adolescents-results-from-the-boost-intervention
#3
Thea Suldrup Jørgensen, Mette Rasmussen, Sanne Ellegaard Jørgensen, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Trine Pagh Pedersen, Anne Kristine Aarestrup, Pernille Due, Rikke Krølner
Knowledge of the association between implementation of different intervention components and the determinants they are tailored to change may contribute to evaluating the effects and working mechanisms of multi-component interventions. This study examined 1) the effect of a Danish multi-component school-based intervention (2010 - 2011) on key determinants of adolescents' fruit and vegetable intake and 2) if dose of curricular activities was positively associated with change in these determinants. Using multi-level linear and logistic regression analyses stratified by gender and socioeconomic position, we analyzed survey data from the cluster-randomized Boost study targeting Danish 13-year-olds' fruit and vegetable intake...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895238/combined-modality-intervention-for-adhd-with-comorbid-reading-disorders-a-proof-of-concept-study
#4
Rosemary Tannock, Jan C Frijters, Rhonda Martinussen, Erin Jacquelyn White, Abel Ickowicz, Nancy J Benson, Maureen W Lovett
To evaluate the relative efficacy of two reading programs with and without adjunctive stimulant medication for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comorbid reading disorder (ADHD+RD). Sixty-five children (7-11 years in age) were assigned randomly to one of three intensive remedial academic programs (phonologically or strategy-based reading instruction, or general academic strategy and social skills training) in combination with either immediate-release methylphenidate or placebo. Multiple-blind procedures were used for medication/placebo, given twice daily...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891365/visual-function-and-ocular-status-in-children-with-disabilities-in-special-schools-of-northern-india
#5
Gurvinder Kaur, Satish Thomas, Mahesh Jindal, S M Bhatti
INTRODUCTION: Children with disabilities (other than visual impairment) are at a higher risk of visual impairment as compared to normal population. Majority of the ocular disorders, like refractive errors and strabismus, are easily treatable. As these children depend on their visual inputs for social and academic activities, an early detection and prompt treatment of even a minor visual problem is of utmost importance for them. AIM: To assess the visual function and ocular status of children with disabilities other than visual impairment and to identify the preventable and treatable causes of visual impairment...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889326/-inventory-of-training-of-internal-medicine-in-france-results-of-a-national-survey
#6
M Samson, B Terrier, O Mangin, L Mouthon
OBJECTIVE: To make an inventory of training of Internal Medicine in France. METHOD: This study was conducted between May and September 2015 with coordinators (interviews of 45minutes) of local Internal Medicine training and fellows (online questionnaire). RESULTS: All coordinators (n=28) responded to the interviews. Local training of Internal Medicine exists in 86% of regions (3.1±3.1hours/month) and an interregional training in all interregions (34...
November 23, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882187/child-teacher-and-parent-perceptions-of-the-friends-classroom-based-universal-anxiety-prevention-programme-a-qualitative-study
#7
Elena Skryabina, Joanna Morris, Danielle Byrne, Nicola Harkin, Sarah Rook, Paul Stallard
School-based mental health prevention programmes can be effective but their adoption within schools will depend on their social acceptability. We report a qualitative evaluation summarising the views of children (115), parents (20) and school staff (47) about a universal school-based anxiety prevention programme FRIENDS. This study was conducted as part of a large scale randomised controlled trial (n = 1362) involving 40 schools in the UK providing primary education to children aged 7-11. Reported overall experience of the programme was very positive, with all three major components of the cognitive behaviour therapy programme (emotional, cognitive, and behavioural) being accepted well and understood by children...
2016: School Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881901/applicant-personality-and-procedural-justice-perceptions-of-group-selection-interviews
#8
Hege H Bye, Gro M Sandal
PURPOSE: We investigated how job applicants' personalities influence perceptions of the structural and social procedural justice of group selection interviews (i.e., a group of several applicants being evaluated simultaneously). We especially addressed trait interactions between neuroticism and extraversion (the affective plane) and extraversion and agreeableness (the interpersonal plane). DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Data on personality (pre-interview) and justice perceptions (post-interview) were collected in a field study among job applicants (N = 97) attending group selection interviews for positions as teachers in a Norwegian high school...
2016: Journal of Business and Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871560/anesthesiology-residents-perception-of-educational-environment-comparison-between-different-years-of-training
#9
Efrain Riveros-Perez, Ricardo Riveros, Nicole M Zimmerman, Alparsian Turan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the year of residency in anesthesiology is associated with residents' overall perceptions of the learning environment and to evaluate the association between year of residency and each of the five domains of the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) survey. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Residency program of anesthesiology at the Cleveland Clinic. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTION: Residents of anesthesiology at the Cleveland Clinic were invited to complete the DREEM questionnaire and a demographic survey...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870760/systematic-braiding-of-2-evidence-based-parent-training-programs-qualitative-results-from-the-pilot-phase
#10
Kate Guastaferro, Katy Miller, Jenelle R Shanley Chatham, Daniel J Whitaker, Kate McGilly, John R Lutzker
An effective approach in early intervention for children and families, including child maltreatment prevention, is home-based services. Although several evidence-based programs exist, they are often grouped or delivered together, despite having different foci and approaches. This article describes the development and pilot phases of a trial evaluating the systematic braiding of 2 evidence-based home-based models, SafeCare and Parents as Teachers. We describe the methodology for braiding model implementation and curriculum, specifically focusing on how structured qualitative feedback from pilot families and providers was used to create the braided curriculum and implementation...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861810/the-effects-of-mother-participation-in-relationship-education-on-coparenting-parenting-and-child-social-competence-modeling-spillover-effects-for-low-income-minority-preschool-children
#11
Francesca Adler-Baeder, Chelsea Garneau, Brian Vaughn, Julianne McGill, Kate Taylor Harcourt, Scott Ketring, Thomas Smith
Although suggestions are that benefits of relationship and marriage education (RME) participation extend from the interparental relationship with parenting and child outcomes, few evaluation studies of RME test these assumptions and the relationship among changes in these areas. This quasi-experimental study focuses on a parallel process growth model that tests a spillover hypothesis of program effects and finds, in a sample of low-income minority mothers with a child attending a Head Start program, that increases in mother reports of coparenting agreement for RME participants predict decreases in their reports of punitive parenting behaviors...
November 14, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858984/teachers-goal-orientations-effects-on-classroom-goal-structures-and-emotions
#12
Hui Wang, Nathan C Hall, Thomas Goetz, Anne C Frenzel
BACKGROUND: Prior research has shown teachers' goal orientations to influence classroom goal structures (Retelsdorf et al., 2010, Learning and Instruction, 20, 30) and to also impact their emotions (Schutz et al., 2007, Emotion in education, Academic Press, Amsterdam, the Netherlands). However, empirical research evaluating possible causal ordering and mediation effects involving these variables in teachers is presently lacking. AIM: The present 6-month longitudinal study investigated the relations between varied motivational, behavioural, and emotional variables in practising teachers...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854058/environmental-consciousness-of-students-from-secondary-and-high-schools-in-bodrum-turkey
#13
Funda Sevencan, Cavit Işık Yavuz, Songül Acar Vaizoğlu
In this study, it is aimed to determine environmental awareness of secondary and high school students in Bodrum, Turkey. This cross-sectional designed study was conducted on 381 students from secondary school and 335 high school students between 5th and 12th grades in Bodrum. In order to assess the environmental consciousness level, a questionnaire form consisting 58 questions and 17 statements for evaluation of environmental consciousness was developed by researchers. t test was used for the difference between the distribution of percentages and the difference between the averages of environmental consciousness level...
November 16, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852292/a-comparison-of-educational-strategies-for-the-acquisition-of-nursing-student-s-performance-and-critical-thinking-simulation-based-training-vs-integrated-training-simulation-and-critical-thinking-strategies
#14
Nahid Zarifsanaiey, Mitra Amini, Farideh Saadat
BACKGROUND: There is a need to change the focus of nursing education from traditional teacher-centered training programs to student-centered active methods. The integration of the two active learning techniques will improve the effectiveness of training programs. The objective of this study is to compare the effects of the integrated training (simulation and critical thinking strategies) and simulation-based training on the performance level and critical thinking ability of nursing students...
November 16, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852002/risk-factors-for-child-mental-health-problems-in-lithuania-the-role-of-parental-nationality
#15
Viviane Kovess Masfety, Sigita Lesinskiene, Mathilde M Husky, Anders Boyd, Phuong Ha, Christophe Fermanian, Ondine Pez
BACKGROUND: We compare the mental health status of children who reside in Lithuania with parents who are either Lithuanian nationals or non-Lithuanian nationals. METHOD: Data were drawn from the School Child Mental Health Europe survey (SCMHE), a cross-sectional survey of school children aged 6-11years. A total of 1152 Lithuanian children participated, among them 11.7% from a non-Lithuanian family. Child mental health was assessed using the Dominique Interactive (DI) and the parent- and teacher Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
October 26, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849247/immediate-effects-of-the-semi-occluded-vocal-tract-exercise-with-laxvox%C3%A2-tube-in-singers
#16
Congeta Bruniere Xavier Fadel, Ana Paula Dassie-Leite, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Celso Gonçalves Dos Santos, Cláudio Antônio Sorondo Dias, Denise Jussara Sartori
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the immediate effects of the semi-occluded vocal tract exercise (SOVTE) using the LaxVox® tube in singers. Methods: Participants were 23 singers, classical singing students, aged 18 to 47 years (mean age = 27.2 years). First, data was collected through the application of a demographic questionnaire and the recording of sustained emission - vowel /ε/, counting 1-10, and a music section from the participants' current repertoire...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847935/empowering-families-with-the-experience-of-mental-illness-a-presentation-of-the-polish-version-of-camille-training-package
#17
REVIEW
Izabela Tabak, Lidia Zabłocka-Żytka, Jan C Czabała
The paper presents the CAMILLE training package prepared in the EU program Empowerment of Children and Adolescents of Mentally Ill Parents through Training of Professionals working with children and adolescents. The training is designed for psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, teachers and others working with children and adolescents where a parent experiences mental disorders. The project was realized on 4 stages: (1) pre-analyses (quality and quantity) with professionals, family members and people experiencing mental disorders, in regards to the needs, experiences and expectations in education of professionals working with families of parents with mental illness; (2) development of a new pan-European training program for specialists working with these families; (3) pre-pilot implementation and evaluation of the training; (4) preparing of the final version of the training and pilot implementation in 7 countries participating in the project, also in Poland...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845858/atomoxetine-related-change-in-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-is-partially-independent-of-change-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-inattentive-symptoms
#18
Keith McBurnett, David Clemow, David Williams, Miguel Villodas, Linda Wietecha, Russell Barkley
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effects of atomoxetine versus placebo on sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and determine factors affecting improvement of SCT in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with dyslexia (ADHD+D) or dyslexia only. METHODS: This is a post hoc analysis of a 16-week placebo-controlled, double-blind randomized phase of a previously reported atomoxetine study in children aged 10-16 years with ADHD+D, Dyslexia-only, or ADHD-only (no placebo arm)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842475/evaluation-of-antistigma-interventions-with-sixth-grade-students-a-school-based-field-experiment
#19
Kirstin Painter, Jo C Phelan, Melissa J DuPont-Reyes, Kay F Barkin, Alice P Villatoro, Bruce G Link
OBJECTIVE: School-based interventions for preadolescents provide the opportunity, in a ubiquitous institutional setting, to attack stigmatizing attitudes before they are firmly entrenched, and thus they may reduce mental illness stigma in the overall population. This study evaluated the effectiveness of classroom-based interventions in reducing stigma and increasing understanding of mental illness and positive attitudes toward treatment seeking among sixth-grade students. METHODS: In an ethnically and racially diverse sample (N=721), 40% of participants were Latino, 26% were white, and 24% were African American; the mean age was 11...
November 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833583/what-makes-children-defy-majorities-the-role-of-dissenters-in-chinese-and-spanish-preschoolers-social-judgments
#20
Ileana Enesco, Carla Sebastián-Enesco, Silvia Guerrero, Siyu Quan, Sonia Garijo
When many people say the same thing, the individual is more likely to endorse this information than when just a single person says the same. Yet, the influence of consensus information may be modulated by many personal, contextual and cultural variables. Here, we study the sensitivity of Chinese (N = 68) and Spanish (N = 82) preschoolers to consensus in social decision making contexts. Children faced two different types of peer-interaction events, which involved (1) uncertain or ambiguous scenarios open to interpretation (social interpretation context), and (2) explicit scenarios depicting the exclusion of a peer (moral judgment context)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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