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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633935/teacher-student-relationship-quality-and-academic-achievement-in-elementary-school-a-longitudinal-examination-of-gender-differences
#1
Daniel B Hajovsky, Benjamin A Mason, Luke A McCune
Multiple group longitudinal cross-lagged panel models were implemented to understand the directional influences between teacher-student closeness and conflict and measured math and reading achievement across elementary grades and gender groups using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development longitudinal sample (N=1133). Specifically, after testing multiple group longitudinal measurement invariance to ensure consistent measurement across genders and time, and tests of equivalence of the latent parameters, we were interested in whether longitudinal changes in teacher-rated closeness and conflict explained longitudinal changes in achievement, and vice versa, and whether those longitudinal influences varied by gender...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620969/black-and-white-parents-willingness-to-seek-help-for-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#2
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Kristina Decker, Trisha Arnold, Kathryn H Howell, Vicky Phares
OBJECTIVE: Understanding social and environmental factors that contribute to parental help-seeking intentions is an important step in addressing service underutilization for children in need of treatment. This study examined factors that contribute to parents' intentions to seek formal and informal help for child psychopathology (anxiety and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]). METHOD: A total of 251 parents (N = 128 mothers, N = 123 fathers; 49% Black, 51% White) read 3 vignettes describing children with anxiety, ADHD, and no diagnosis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611700/brain-knowledge-and-the-prevalence-of-neuromyths-among-prospective-teachers-in-greece
#3
Marietta Papadatou-Pastou, Eleni Haliou, Filippos Vlachos
Although very often teachers show a great interest in introducing findings from the field of neuroscience in their classrooms, there is growing concern about the lack of academic instruction on neuroscience on teachers' curricula because this has led to a proliferation of neuromyths. We surveyed 479 undergraduate (mean age = 19.60 years, SD = 2.29) and 94 postgraduate students (mean age = 28.52 years, SD = 7.16) enrolled in Departments of Education at the University of Thessaly and the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604499/academic-achievement-and-risk-factors-for-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-middle-school-and-early-high-school
#4
Nardia Zendarski, Emma Sciberras, Fiona Mensah, Harriet Hiscock
OBJECTIVE: Examine academic achievement of students with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during the early high school period and identify potentially modifiable risk factors for low achievement. METHOD: Data were collected through surveys (adolescent, parent, and teacher) and direct assessment of Australian adolescents (12-15 yr; n = 130) with ADHD in early high school (i.e., US middle and high school grades). Academic achievement outcomes were measured by linking to individual performance on the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) tests, direct assessment of reading and math, and teacher report of academic competence...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586616/why-should-the-faculty-adopt-reciprocal-teaching-as-part-of-the-medical-curriculum
#5
Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Sadia Fatima, Mehnaz Akhtar, Muhammad Owais
Understanding the text is crucial to achieve depth in understanding of complex concepts for students at all levels of education for whom English is not their first language. Reciprocal teaching is an instructional activity that stimulate learning through a dialogue between teachers and students regarding segments of text. The process of summarizing, question-generating, clarifying and predicting allows the gaps to be recognised and filled by the student, who is in control of the learning process and able to analyse and reflect upon the reading material...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579421/an-interactive-ambulatory-nephrology-curriculum-for-internal%C3%A2-medicine-interns-design-implementation-and-participant%C3%A2-feedback
#6
Alexis C Gomez, Karen M Warburton, Rachel K Miller, Dan Negoianu, Jordana B Cohen
While diminishing nephrology fellow recruitment is a known issue, more work is needed to evaluate possible interventions to reverse this trend. We designed and implemented a curriculum to increase exposure to ambulatory nephrology among internal medicine interns. The curriculum focused on key aspects of outpatient nephrology practice, including supervised clinic visits, formal themed didactic content, and an online interactive forum with assigned evidence-based readings and small-group responses to relevant cases...
June 2, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555123/cognitive-processing-bias-in-chinese-student-teachers-with-strong-and-weak-professional-identity
#7
Xin-Qiang Wang, Jun-Cheng Zhu, Lu Liu, Xiang-Yu Chen
Professional identity plays an important role in career development. Although many studies have examined professional identity, differences in cognitive-processing biases between Chinese student teachers with strong and weak professional identity are poorly understood. The current study adopted Tversky's social-cognitive experimental paradigm to explore cognitive-processing biases in Chinese student teachers with strong and weak professional identity. Experiment 1 showed that participants with strong professional identity exhibited stronger positive-coding bias toward positive profession-related life events, relative to that observed in those with weak professional identity...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539194/effects-of-the-informed-health-choices-primary-school-intervention-on-the-ability-of-children-in-uganda-to-assess-the-reliability-of-claims-about-treatment-effects-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Allen Nsangi, Daniel Semakula, Andrew D Oxman, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Matt Oxman, Sarah Rosenbaum, Angela Morelli, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Margaret Kaseje, Iain Chalmers, Atle Fretheim, Yunpeng Ding, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Claims about what improves or harms our health are ubiquitous. People need to be able to assess the reliability of these claims. We aimed to evaluate an intervention designed to teach primary school children to assess claims about the effects of treatments (ie, any action intended to maintain or improve health). METHODS: In this cluster-randomised controlled trial, we included primary schools in the central region of Uganda that taught year-5 children (aged 10-12 years)...
May 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538047/auditory-processing-disorder-what-does-it-mean-and-what-can-be-done
#9
Krista Bartlett, Elissa Kelley, Julie Purdy, Martin T Stein
Julian, an 11-year-old boy in the sixth grade with a compliant disposition and a positive attitude, has had a significant decline in his academic performance over the last 2 years. He spends much of his time in the nurse's office with headaches and fatigue. He reports that he cannot concentrate or follow along in class. Vision and hearing screenings were normal.Julian's teachers report that although he has no behavior problem, he is inattentive and does not put forth the effort she feels he is capable of giving...
June 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486211/low-expectations-do-teachers-underestimate-the-ability-of-overweight-children-or-the-children-of-overweight-mothers
#10
Michelle Queally, Edel Doherty, Francis M Finucane, Ciaran O'Neill
Using the first wave of the Growing Up in Ireland Survey of nine year old children we examine whether a teacher's assessment of their pupil's academic ability is influenced by the weight status of the child and/or the child's mother. Multivariate regression analyses of the teacher's assessment, controlling for the child's actual test performance, their BMI, their mother's BMI, other socio-demographic and teacher characteristics were undertaken. The study highlighted that child BMI was not a significant determinant but that children whose mother was obese were more likely to be rated as below average in reading and in maths compared to those whose mother was leaner, after adjusting for their measured ability...
April 28, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484416/neuromyths-in-music-education-prevalence-and-predictors-of-misconceptions-among-teachers-and-students
#11
Nina Düvel, Anna Wolf, Reinhard Kopiez
In the last decade, educational neuroscience has become increasingly important in the context of instruction, and its applications have been transformed into new teaching methods. Although teachers are interested in educational neuroscience, communication between scientists and teachers is not always straightforward. Thus, misunderstandings of neuroscientific research results can evolve into so-called neuromyths. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of such music-related neuromyths among music teachers and music students...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421027/universal-visual-features-might-be-necessary-for-fluent-reading-a-longitudinal-study-of-visual-reading-in-braille-and-cyrillic-alphabets
#12
Łukasz Bola, Dominika Radziun, Katarzyna Siuda-Krzywicka, Joanna E Sowa, Małgorzata Paplińska, Ewa Sumera, Marcin Szwed
It has been hypothesized that efficient reading is possible because all reading scripts have been matched, through cultural evolution, to the natural capabilities of the visual cortex. This matching has resulted in all scripts being made of line-junctions, such as T, X, or L. Our aim was to test a critical prediction of this hypothesis: visual reading in an atypical script that is devoid of line-junctions (such as the Braille alphabet read visually) should be much less efficient than reading in a "normal" script (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401989/cross-lagged-relations-between-teacher-and-parent-ratings-of-children-s-task-avoidance-and-different-literacy-skills
#13
George K Georgiou, Riikka Hirvonen, George Manolitsis, Jari-Erik Nurmi
BACKGROUND: Task avoidance is a significant predictor of literacy skills. However, it remains unclear whether the relation between the two is reciprocal and whether it is affected by the type of literacy outcome, who is rating children's task avoidance, and the children's gender. AIM: The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine the cross-lagged relations between teacher and parent ratings of children's task avoidance and different literacy skills. SAMPLE: One hundred and seventy-two Greek children (91 girls, 81 boys) were followed from Grade 1 to Grade 3...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389676/longitudinal-impacts-of-print-focused-read-alouds-for-children-with-language-impairment
#14
Laura M Justice, Jessica Logan, Joan N Kaderavek
Purpose: Preschoolers with language impairment (LI) are prime candidates for early-literacy interventions, given their susceptibility for future reading difficulties. To date, most studies of early-literacy interventions for this population has assessed short-term impacts, with limited attention to whether initial effects are sustained over time. This study was designed to evaluate longitudinal impacts of print-focused read-alouds implemented by early childhood special education teachers for a clinic sample of children with LI...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377732/shared-book-reading-promotes-not-only-language-development-but-also-grapheme-awareness-in-german-kindergarten-children
#15
Patricia B C Wesseling, Corinna A Christmann, Thomas Lachmann
Effects of shared book reading on expressive vocabulary and grapheme awareness without letter instruction in German kindergarteners (longitudinal; N = 69, 3;0-4;8 years) were investigated. Expressive vocabulary was measured by using a standardized test; grapheme awareness was measured by asking children to identify one grapheme per trial presented amongst non-letter distractors. Two methods of shared book reading were investigated, literacy enrichment (additional books) and teacher training in shared book reading strategies, both without explicit letter instruction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362230/destigmatization-by-association-improving-children-s-reactions-to-an-obese-storybook-character
#16
Taylor W Wadian, Mark A Barnett, Tammy L Sonnentag
Second- through fourth-grade students were read a storybook that described a typical boy who interacted with an obese boy for one of four reasons (sympathy, curiosity, teacher instructed, or no reason) to explore the manner in which a typical storybook character's reason for associating with an obese storybook character influences children's responses to both characters. Results revealed that the children responded more favorably to the obese storybook character after than before learning about the typical storybook character's association with him, especially when the typical storybook character's reason for association was presented as internally motivated (sympathy or curiosity)...
April 2017: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337159/hey-teacher-don-t-leave-them-kids-alone-action-is-better-for-memory-than-reading
#17
Mathieu Hainselin, Laurence Picard, Patrick Manolli, Sophie Vankerkore-Candas, Béatrice Bourdin
There is no consensus on how the enactment effect (EE), although it is robust, enhances memory. Researchers are currently investigating the cognitive processes underlying this effect, mostly during adulthood; the link between EE and crucial function identified in adulthood such as episodic memory and binding process remains elusive. Therefore, this study aims to verify the existence of EE in 6-10 years old and assess cognitive functions potentially linked to this effect in order to shed light on the mechanisms underlying the EE during childhood...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333510/comparing-treatments-for-children-with-adhd-and-word-reading-difficulties-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Leanne Tamm, Carolyn A Denton, Jeffery N Epstein, Christopher Schatschneider, Heather Taylor, L Eugene Arnold, Oscar Bukstein, Julia Anixt, Anson Koshy, Nicholas C Newman, Jan Maltinsky, Patricia Brinson, Richard E A Loren, Mary R Prasad, Linda Ewing-Cobbs, Aaron Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: This trial compared attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment alone, intensive reading intervention alone, and their combination for children with ADHD and word reading difficulties and disabilities (RD). METHOD: Children (n = 216; predominantly African American males) in Grades 2-5 with ADHD and word reading/decoding deficits were randomized to ADHD treatment (medication + parent training), reading treatment (reading instruction), or combined ADHD + reading treatment...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300343/medical-student-use-of-digital-learning-resources
#19
Karen Scott, Anne Morris, Ben Marais
BACKGROUND: University students expect to use technology as part of their studies, yet health professional teachers can struggle with the change in student learning habits fuelled by technology. Our research aimed to document the learning habits of contemporary medical students during a clinical rotation by exploring the use of locally and externally developed digital and print self-directed learning resources, and study groups. METHODS: We investigated the learning habits of final-stage medical students during their clinical paediatric rotation using mixed methods, involving learning analytics and a student questionnaire...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267284/impact-of-teachers-practices-on-students-reading-comprehension-growth-in-guatemala
#20
REVIEW
Fernando Rubio, Leslie Rosales de Véliz, María Cristina Perdomo Mosquera, Ventura Salanic López
This article discusses an educational intervention, with a strong emphasis on reading development in a bilingual context, in the Western Highlands of Guatemala (WH), a highly disadvantaged region, where the majority of the population is of Mayan origin and primary education is poor. The majority of the students in the Western Highlands speak a Mayan language as their mother tongue, yet they are generally taught in Spanish. We assisted in the development and implementation of a bilingual/intercultural education model including teacher training at the university level and bilingual materials development...
March 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
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