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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073736/development-of-an-educational-game-to-set-up-surgical-instruments-on-the-mayo-stand-or-back-table-applied-research-in-production-technology
#1
Crislaine Pires Padilha Paim, Silvia Goldmeier
BACKGROUND: Existing research suggests that digital games can be used effectively for educational purposes at any level of training. Perioperative nursing educators can use games to complement curricula, in guidance and staff development programs, to foster team collaboration, and to give support to critical thinking in nursing practice because it is a complex environment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the process of developing an educational game to set up surgical instruments on the Mayo stand or back table as a resource to assist the instructor in surgical instrumentation training for students and nursing health professionals in continued education...
January 10, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056468/efficacy-of-a-supplemental-phonemic-awareness-curriculum-to-instruct-preschoolers-with-delays-in-early-literacy-development
#2
Howard Goldstein, Arnold Olszewski, Christa Haring, Charles R Greenwood, Luke McCune, Judith Carta, Jane Atwater, Gabriela Guerrero, Naomi Schneider, Tanya McCarthy, Elizabeth S Kelley
Purpose: Children who do not develop early literacy skills, especially phonological awareness (PA) and alphabet knowledge, prior to kindergarten are at risk for reading difficulties. We investigated a supplemental curriculum with children demonstrating delays in these skills. Method: A cluster randomized design with 104 preschool-age children in 39 classrooms was used to determine the efficacy of a supplemental PA curriculum, PAth to Literacy. The curriculum consists of 36 daily scripted 10-min lessons with interactive games designed to teach PA and alphabet skills...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030417/a-resident-as-teacher-curriculum-using-a-flipped-classroom-approach-can-a-model-designed-for-efficiency-also-be-effective
#3
Binny D Chokshi, Heidi K Schumacher, Kristen Reese, Priti Bhansali, Jeremy R Kern, Samuel J Simmens, Benjamin Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
PROBLEM: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires training that enhances resident teaching skills. Despite this requirement, many residency training programs struggle to implement effective resident-as-teacher (RAT) curricula, particularly within the context of the 80-hour resident workweek. APPROACH: In 2013, the authors developed and evaluated an intensive one-day RAT curriculum using a flipped classroom approach. Twenty-nine second-year residents participated in daylong RAT sessions...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006996/profiles-of-co-occurring-difficulties-identified-through-school-based-screening
#4
Madison Aitken, Rhonda Martinussen, Ruth Childs, Rosemary Tannock
OBJECTIVE: This study used latent class analysis to identify patterns of co-occurrence among common childhood difficulties (inattention/hyperactivity, internalizing, externalizing, peer problems, and reading difficulties). METHOD: Parents and teachers of 501 children ages 6 to 9 provided mental health and social ratings, and children completed a reading task. RESULTS: Four latent classes were identified in the analysis of parent ratings and reading: one with inattention/hyperactivity, externalizing, peer problems, and internalizing difficulties; one with inattention/hyperactivity and reading difficulties; one with internalizing and peer problems; and one normative class...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933004/policy-implications-of-achievement-testing-using-multilevel-models-the-case-of-brazilian-elementary-schools
#5
Igor G Menezes, Victor R Duran, Euclides J Mendonça Filho, Tainã J Veloso, Stella M S Sarmento, Christine L Paget, Kai Ruggeri
Large-scale educational assessment has been established as source of descriptive, evaluative and interpretative information that influence educational policies worldwide throughout the last third of the twentieth century. In the 1990s the Brazilian Ministry of Education developed the National Basic Education Assessment System (SAEB) that regularly measures management, resource and contextual school features and academic achievement in public and private institutions. In 2005, after significant piloting and review of the SAEB, a new sampling strategy was taken and Prova Brasil became the new instrument used by the Ministry to assess skills in Portuguese (reading comprehension) and Mathematics (problem solving), as well as collecting contextual information concerning the school, principal, teacher, and the students...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924656/assistive-technology-as-reading-interventions-for-children-with-reading-impairments-with-a-one-year-follow-up
#6
Emma Lindeblad, Staffan Nilsson, Stefan Gustafson, Idor Svensson
PURPOSE: This pilot study investigated the possible transfer effect on reading ability in children with reading difficulties after a systematic intervention to train and compensate for reading deficiencies by using applications in smartphones and tablets. The effects of using assistive technology (AT) one year after the interventions were completely studied. School related motivation, independent learning and family relations were also considered. METHOD: 35 pupils aged 10-12 years participated...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922220/implementation-of-a-text-based-content-intervention-in-secondary-social-studies-classes
#7
Jeanne Wanzek, Sharon Vaughn
We describe teacher fidelity (adherence to the components of the treatment as specified by the research team) based on a series of studies of a multicomponent intervention, Promoting Acceleration of Comprehension and Content Through Text (PACT), with middle and high school social studies teachers and their students. Findings reveal that even with highly specified materials and implementing practices that are aligned with effective reading comprehension and content instruction, teachers' fidelity was consistently low for some components and high for others...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922219/introduction-to-the-special-issue-challenges-and-solutions-to-implementing-effective-reading-intervention-in-schools
#8
Barbara Foorman
This special issue focuses on challenges and solutions to implementing effective reading intervention in schools in the United States. Researchers often develop interventions that prove effective in efficacy studies but then show no impact when implemented at scale in public school settings. The authors of the intervention studies presented here describe a number of common implementation problems stemming from research in primary grades, middle grades, and high schools. Solutions to these implementation problems include establishing researcher-practitioner partnerships to address the systems-level challenges, suggestions for how to obtain buy-in from teachers, and recommendations for reforming preservice and in-service teacher education...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922218/improving-professional-development-to-enhance-reading-outcomes-for-students-in-special-education
#9
Christopher J Lemons, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Sheila J Conway, Veronica Mellado De La Cruz
The purpose of this article is to focus specifically on professional development that is needed to ensure that preservice and in-service teachers are prepared to deliver intensive intervention to enhance reading outcomes of students in special education. Our aim is to provide recommendations to ensure that special educators are prepared to design and implement data-based individualization in the area of reading. We highlight what special educators need to know to implement data-based individualization and provide recommendations for improving professional development using findings from federally funded projects...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922215/commentary-implementing-interventions-building-a-shared-understanding-of-why
#10
Vibeke Grøver
This commentary discusses how the articles that comprise this special issue conceptualize what is required for reading interventions to change instruction. Three challenges to successful implementation are addressed: identifying institutional barriers to change, identifying intervention components that are not commonly part of the teachers' repertoires and that will require attention and support, and building researcher-practitioner partnerships and a shared understanding of why an intervention would improve reading instruction...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922214/implementation-challenges-for-tier-one-and-tier-two-school-based-programs-for-early-adolescents
#11
Maria D LaRusso, Suzanne Donovan, Catherine Snow
This mixed-method study examined the implementation and the challenges to implementation for participants in randomized controlled trials of two school-based programs for early adolescents: the Tier One Word Generation (WG) program, and the Tier Two Strategic Adolescent Reading Intervention (STARI). Levels of implementation for WG and STARI varied substantially across teachers and classrooms, with mean levels of 40% for fourth- and fifth-grade WG, 31% for sixth- and seventh-grade WG, and 47% for STARI. The three most common implementation challenges for WG were lack of time, multiple new programs/curricula happening at the same time, and time lost to testing and test prep...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895238/combined-modality-intervention-for-adhd-with-comorbid-reading-disorders-a-proof-of-concept-study
#12
Rosemary Tannock, Jan C Frijters, Rhonda Martinussen, Erin Jacquelyn White, Abel Ickowicz, Nancy J Benson, Maureen W Lovett
To evaluate the relative efficacy of two reading programs with and without adjunctive stimulant medication for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comorbid reading disorder (ADHD+RD). Sixty-five children (7-11 years in age) were assigned randomly to one of three intensive remedial academic programs (phonologically or strategy-based reading instruction, or general academic strategy and social skills training) in combination with either immediate-release methylphenidate or placebo. Multiple-blind procedures were used for medication/placebo, given twice daily...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873412/what-s-in-a-name-word-inflation-punctuation-abbreviation-and-cloud-formation
#13
Susie J Schofield, Pieta G Schofield
The title of a journal paper offers a crucial portal into any scientific field. It determines whether interested readers locate the paper and whether others have enough interest sparked to lead them to read the abstract. This article looks at authored journal paper titles in Medical Education over its first 50 years (n = 6357) of publication and Medical Teacher over its first 35 years of publication, revealing both trends in areas of interest and how those interests are worded. Word clouds per decade showed a shift from teaching to learning and from examination to assessment, and new foci on learning, patients, research and feedback in both journals...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865552/relationship-between-voice-complaints-and-subjective-and-objective-measures-of-vocal-function-in-iranian-female-teachers
#14
Maryam Faham, Nahid Jalilevand, Farhad Torabinezhad, Erin Pearson Silverman, Akram Ahmadi, Zahra Ghayoumi Anaraki, Narges Jafari
OBJECTIVES: Teachers are at high risk of developing voice problems because of the excessive vocal demands necessitated by their profession. Teachers' self-assessment of vocal complaints, combined with subjective and objective measures of voice, may enable better therapeutic decision-making. This investigation compared audio-perceptual assessment and acoustic variables in teachers with and without voice complaints. METHODS: Ninety-nine teachers completed this cross-sectional study and were assigned to one of two groups: those "with voice complaint (VC)" and those "without voice complaint (W-VC)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833838/knowledge-about-and-sources-of-smoking-related-knowledge-and-influencing-factors-among-male-urban-secondary-school-students-in-chongqing-china
#15
Xianglong Xu, Cheng Chen, Abu S Abdullah, Manoj Sharma, Hengyi Liu, Yong Zhao
OBJECTIVES: This study examined smoking-related knowledge, sources of smoking-related knowledge and its influencing factor among male urban secondary school students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey, using a self-administered questionnaire, among 1297 male secondary school students in municipal areas of Chongqing, China. RESULTS: Non-smokers had a better knowledge of smoking hazards than smokers. Less than 20% of students knew that smoking can cause heart disease, peptic ulcer, and cerebral stroke...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826278/reading-ability-development-from-kindergarten-to-junior-secondary-latent-transition-analyses-with-growth-mixture-modeling
#16
Yuan Liu, Hongyun Liu, Kit-Tai Hau
The present study examined the reading ability development of children in the large scale Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 data; Tourangeau et al., 2009) under the dynamic systems. To depict children's growth pattern, we extended the measurement part of latent transition analysis to the growth mixture model and found that the new model fitted the data well. Results also revealed that most of the children stayed in the same ability group with few cross-level changes in their classes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819320/descriptive-epidemiology-of-prenatal-and-perinatal-risk-factors-in-a-chinese-population-with-reading-disorder
#17
Lingfei Liu, Jia Wang, Shanshan Shao, Xiu Luo, Rui Kong, Xiaohui Zhang, Ranran Song
Several prenatal and perinatal factors have been found to be associated with developmental dyslexia (reading disorder) in alphabetic language. Given the absence of relevant studies of Chinese children, the present study tries to investigate these risk factors. A total of 45,850 students were recruited from grades three to six, from seven cities of Hubei province. Dyslexia in Chinese was diagnosed based on children's clinical symptoms. The clinical symptoms of children's reading performance were assessed by Dyslexia Checklist for Chinese Children (DCCC) and Pupil Rating Scale Revised Screening for Learning Disabilities (PRS) which were completed by parent/guardian and header teacher respectively...
November 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806482/learning-styles-in-students-of-medical-sciences
#18
Mahnaz Shahrakipour, Azizollah Arbabisarjou, Sadegh Zare, Gholamreza Ghoreishinia
INTRODUCTION: learning is a human's natural tendencies; therefore, the identification of factors affecting it, is very important in fixing problems and deficiencies in educational systems. One of the factors contributing to students' academic achievement and increased learning outcome is to identify their learning styles leading to better and more satisfying learning. The aim of the present study was to examine learning styles in students of Medical Sciences. METHODOLOGY: The present descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 417 students of Medical Sciences selected based on cluster random sampling method in the academic year 2015-2016...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804023/pre-service-teachers-perceptions-of-sluggish-cognitive-tempo
#19
Rachel E Meisinger, Elizabeth K Lefler
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is characterized by a passive form of inattention that may not overtly disrupt classroom goals. Due to the nature of these symptoms, children with SCT may be "falling through the cracks" in schools. The current study examined pre-service teachers' perceptions of SCT in the classroom. Undergraduate education majors (n = 161) read vignettes describing fictitious fourth-grade boys presenting with symptoms of SCT, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or a non-ADHD-related control: social anxiety disorder (SA), and rated each of the vignettes in terms of their perceptions of the boy described...
November 1, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799917/teachers-beliefs-and-practices-regarding-the-role-of-executive-functions-in-reading-and-arithmetic
#20
Shirley Rapoport, Orly Rubinsten, Tami Katzir
The current study investigated early elementary school teachers' beliefs and practices regarding the role of Executive Functions (EFs) in reading and arithmetic. A new research questionnaire was developed and judged by professionals in the academia and the field. Reponses were obtained from 144 teachers from Israel. Factor analysis divided the questionnaire into three valid and reliable subscales, reflecting (1) beliefs regarding the contribution of EFs to reading and arithmetic, (2) pedagogical practices, and (3) a connection between the cognitive mechanisms of reading and arithmetic...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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