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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895238/combined-modality-intervention-for-adhd-with-comorbid-reading-disorders-a-proof-of-concept-study
#1
Rosemary Tannock, Jan C Frijters, Rhonda Martinussen, Erin Jacquelyn White, Abel Ickowicz, Nancy J Benson, Maureen W Lovett
To evaluate the relative efficacy of two reading programs with and without adjunctive stimulant medication for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comorbid reading disorder (ADHD+RD). Sixty-five children (7-11 years in age) were assigned randomly to one of three intensive remedial academic programs (phonologically or strategy-based reading instruction, or general academic strategy and social skills training) in combination with either immediate-release methylphenidate or placebo. Multiple-blind procedures were used for medication/placebo, given twice daily...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873412/what-s-in-a-name-word-inflation-punctuation-abbreviation-and-cloud-formation
#2
Susie J Schofield, Pieta G Schofield
The title of a journal paper offers a crucial portal into any scientific field. It determines whether interested readers locate the paper and whether others have enough interest sparked to lead them to read the abstract. This article looks at authored journal paper titles in Medical Education over its first 50 years (n = 6357) of publication and Medical Teacher over its first 35 years of publication, revealing both trends in areas of interest and how those interests are worded. Word clouds per decade showed a shift from teaching to learning and from examination to assessment, and new foci on learning, patients, research and feedback in both journals...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865552/relationship-between-voice-complaints-and-subjective-and-objective-measures-of-vocal-function-in-iranian-female-teachers
#3
Maryam Faham, Nahid Jalilevand, Farhad Torabinezhad Nejad, Erin Pearson Silverman, Akram Ahmadi, Zahra Ghayoumi Anaraki, Narges Jafari
OBJECTIVES: Teachers are at high risk of developing voice problems because of the excessive vocal demands necessitated by their profession. Teachers' self-assessment of vocal complaints, combined with subjective and objective measures of voice, may enable better therapeutic decision-making. This investigation compared audio-perceptual assessment and acoustic variables in teachers with and without voice complaints. METHODS: Ninety-nine teachers completed this cross-sectional study and were assigned to one of two groups: those "with voice complaint (VC)" and those "without voice complaint (W-VC)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833838/knowledge-about-and-sources-of-smoking-related-knowledge-and-influencing-factors-among-male-urban-secondary-school-students-in-chongqing-china
#4
Xianglong Xu, Cheng Chen, Abu S Abdullah, Manoj Sharma, Hengyi Liu, Yong Zhao
OBJECTIVES: This study examined smoking-related knowledge, sources of smoking-related knowledge and its influencing factor among male urban secondary school students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey, using a self-administered questionnaire, among 1297 male secondary school students in municipal areas of Chongqing, China. RESULTS: Non-smokers had a better knowledge of smoking hazards than smokers. Less than 20% of students knew that smoking can cause heart disease, peptic ulcer, and cerebral stroke...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826278/reading-ability-development-from-kindergarten-to-junior-secondary-latent-transition-analyses-with-growth-mixture-modeling
#5
Yuan Liu, Hongyun Liu, Kit-Tai Hau
The present study examined the reading ability development of children in the large scale Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 data; Tourangeau et al., 2009) under the dynamic systems. To depict children's growth pattern, we extended the measurement part of latent transition analysis to the growth mixture model and found that the new model fitted the data well. Results also revealed that most of the children stayed in the same ability group with few cross-level changes in their classes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819320/descriptive-epidemiology-of-prenatal-and-perinatal-risk-factors-in-a-chinese-population-with-reading-disorder
#6
Lingfei Liu, Jia Wang, Shanshan Shao, Xiu Luo, Rui Kong, Xiaohui Zhang, Ranran Song
Several prenatal and perinatal factors have been found to be associated with developmental dyslexia (reading disorder) in alphabetic language. Given the absence of relevant studies of Chinese children, the present study tries to investigate these risk factors. A total of 45,850 students were recruited from grades three to six, from seven cities of Hubei province. Dyslexia in Chinese was diagnosed based on children's clinical symptoms. The clinical symptoms of children's reading performance were assessed by Dyslexia Checklist for Chinese Children (DCCC) and Pupil Rating Scale Revised Screening for Learning Disabilities (PRS) which were completed by parent/guardian and header teacher respectively...
November 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806482/learning-styles-in-students-of-medical-sciences
#7
Mahnaz Shahrakipour, Azizollah Arbabisarjou, Sadegh Zare, Gholamreza Ghoreishinia
INTRODUCTION: learning is a human's natural tendencies; therefore, the identification of factors affecting it, is very important in fixing problems and deficiencies in educational systems. One of the factors contributing to students' academic achievement and increased learning outcome is to identify their learning styles leading to better and more satisfying learning. The aim of the present study was to examine learning styles in students of Medical Sciences. METHODOLOGY: The present descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 417 students of Medical Sciences selected based on cluster random sampling method in the academic year 2015-2016...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804023/pre-service-teachers-perceptions-of-sluggish-cognitive-tempo
#8
Rachel E Meisinger, Elizabeth K Lefler
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is characterized by a passive form of inattention that may not overtly disrupt classroom goals. Due to the nature of these symptoms, children with SCT may be "falling through the cracks" in schools. The current study examined pre-service teachers' perceptions of SCT in the classroom. Undergraduate education majors (n = 161) read vignettes describing fictitious fourth-grade boys presenting with symptoms of SCT, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or a non-ADHD-related control: social anxiety disorder (SA), and rated each of the vignettes in terms of their perceptions of the boy described...
November 1, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799917/teachers-beliefs-and-practices-regarding-the-role-of-executive-functions-in-reading-and-arithmetic
#9
Shirley Rapoport, Orly Rubinsten, Tami Katzir
The current study investigated early elementary school teachers' beliefs and practices regarding the role of Executive Functions (EFs) in reading and arithmetic. A new research questionnaire was developed and judged by professionals in the academia and the field. Reponses were obtained from 144 teachers from Israel. Factor analysis divided the questionnaire into three valid and reliable subscales, reflecting (1) beliefs regarding the contribution of EFs to reading and arithmetic, (2) pedagogical practices, and (3) a connection between the cognitive mechanisms of reading and arithmetic...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718248/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-impact-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-on-both-academic-performance-and-regulation-of-social-emotional-and-behavioural-challenges
#10
Caitlin Hitchcock, Martin S Westwell
BACKGROUND: We explored whether school-based Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT) may optimise both academic and psychological outcomes at school. Training of executive control skills may form a novel approach to enhancing processes that predict academic achievement, such as task-related attention, and thereby academic performance, but also has the potential to improve the regulation of emotion, social problems and behavioural difficulties. METHODS: Primary school children (Mean age = 12 years, N = 148) were cluster-randomised to complete active CWMT, a nonadaptive/placebo version of CWMT, or no training...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698529/theory-based-metrological-traceability-in-education-a-reading-measurement-network
#11
William P Fisher, A Jackson Stenner
Huge resources are invested in metrology and standards in the natural sciences, engineering, and across a wide range of commercial technologies. Significant positive returns of human, social, environmental, and economic value on these investments have been sustained for decades. Proven methods for calibrating test and survey instruments in linear units are readily available, as are data- and theory-based methods for equating those instruments to a shared unit. Using these methods, metrological traceability is obtained in a variety of commercially available elementary and secondary English and Spanish language reading education programs in the U...
October 2016: Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683572/stress-at-school-a-qualitative-study-on-illegitimate-tasks-during-teacher-training
#12
Stefanie Faupel, Kathleen Otto, Henning Krug, Maria U Kottwitz
What do I expect when stating that "I am going to be a teacher"? Social roles, including professional roles, often become part of people's identity and thus, of the self. As people typically strive for maintaining a positive sense of self, threats to one's role identity are likely to induce stress. In line with these considerations, Semmer et al. recently (e.g., Semmer et al., 2007, 2015) introduced "illegitimate tasks" as a new concept of stressors. Illegitimate tasks, which are defined as unnecessary or unreasonable tasks, threaten the self because they signal a lack of appreciation regarding one's professional role...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680943/recognizing-young-children-with-high-potential-u-stars%C3%A2-plus
#13
Mary Ruth Coleman
Hands-on science is the ideal platform for observing young children's ability to solve problems, think deeply, and use their creative ingenuity to explore the world around them. Science is naturally interesting and offers authentic reasons to read for information and use math skills to collect, compile, and analyze data. This chapter will share one approach to nurturing and recognizing young children with high-potential: U-STARS∼PLUS (Using Science, Talents, and Abilities to Recognize Students∼Promoting Learning for Underrepresented Students)...
August 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668334/users-guide-to-the-surgical-literature-how-to-assess-an-article-about-harm-in-surgery
#14
Achilleas Thoma, Manraj Nirmal Kaur, Forough Farrokhyar, Daniel Waltho, Carolyn Levis, Peter Lovrics, Charlie H Goldsmith
You are a new plastic surgeon in the community and you are referred a patient interested in breast reconstruction. The patient is a 35-year-old female school teacher who had a bilateral prophylactic mastectomy 2 years earlier, as she was a BRCA gene carrier. Since she is of a petite build with very little subcutaneous tissue or extra skin in the lower abdomen, you decide that she is not a suitable candidate for an abdomen-based autologous tissue reconstruction. You recommend the technique of tissue expansion and silicone gel implants...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668032/teaching-for-all-teach-for-america-s-effects-across-the-distribution-of-student-achievement
#15
Emily K Penner
This paper examines the effect of Teach For America (TFA) on the distribution of student achievement in elementary school. It extends previous research by estimating quantile treatment effects (QTE) to examine how student achievement in TFA and non-TFA classrooms differs across the broader distribution of student achievement. It also updates prior distributional work on TFA by correcting for previously unidentified missing data and estimating unconditional, rather than conditional QTE. Consistent with previous findings, results reveal a positive impact of TFA teachers across the distribution of math achievement...
2016: Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662001/the-labor-games
#16
Laurice Bou Nemer, Dawn Kalin, Desiree Fiorentino, Jorge J Garcia, Christopher M Estes
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a simulation laboratory designed to stimulate learning and increase medical students' preparedness for an obstetrics and gynecology clinical clerkship. METHODS: Ninety-seven medical students participated in the games during their obstetrics and gynecology clerkship in 1 year. Using the resident-as-teacher model, students rotated through seven stations, each with a simulated obstetric task. Points were awarded at each station, and the student with the highest score won...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640910/weekly-e-mailed-teaching-tips-and-reading-material-influence-teaching-among-general-surgery-residents
#17
Ammara A Watkins, Stephen P Gondek, Kiran H Lagisetty, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Sidharta P Gangadharan, Michael J Cahalane, Tara S Kent
BACKGROUND: A nonintrusive e-mail reminder incorporating teaching tips and manuscripts was developed to supplement resident-as-teacher curricula. METHODS: Ten high-yield manuscripts and 10 teaching tips exemplifying the themes of mentorship or role modeling, teaching methods, adult learning theory, feedback, and the resident role of teaching were distributed to general surgery house staff through a weekly e-mail series. House staff completed surveys before and after the 20-week e-mail series...
July 9, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640397/tesla-s-first-footsteps-into-chemical-sciences
#18
Stanislav Južnič
For the first time a complete list of Tesla's High School professors is provided. The excellency of his lecturers of chemistry and related sciences is put into the limelight. The books and articles about chemistry which Tesla read in his High School times are focused together with the related published works of his teachers. The pioneering spectroscopic research of Kirchhoff and Bunsen began in Tesla's early youth and had a considerable impact on Tesla's professors, especially on Martin Sekulić.
2016: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630586/promoting-mentalizing-in-pupils-by-acting-on-teachers-preliminary-italian-evidence-of-the-thought-in-mind-project
#19
Annalisa Valle, Davide Massaro, Ilaria Castelli, Francesca Sangiuliano Intra, Elisabetta Lombardi, Edoardo Bracaglia, Antonella Marchetti
Mentalization research focuses on different aspects of this topic, highlighting individual differences in mentalizing and proposing programs of intervention for children and adults to increase this ability. The "Thought in Mind Project" (TiM Project) provides training targeted to adults-teachers or parents-to increase their mentalization and, consequently, to obtain mentalization improvement in children. The present research aimed to explore for the first time ever the potential of training for teachers based on the TiM Project, regarding the enhancement of mentalizing of an adult who would have interacted as a teacher with children...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570983/the-association-of-adhd-symptoms-and-reading-acquisition-during-elementary-school-years
#20
Jan-Henning Ehm, Julia Kerner Auch Koerner, Caterina Gawrilow, Marcus Hasselhorn, Florian Schmiedek
The present longitudinal study aimed to investigate the influence of ADHD symptoms on reading development in elementary schoolchildren. To this end, repeated assessments of ADHD symptoms (teacher ratings of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity) and reading achievement (standardized tests of decoding speed and text comprehension) were examined in a sample comprising 2,014 elementary schoolchildren at the end of Grades 1, 2, 3, respectively, and in the middle of Grade 4. Latent change score models revealed that the level of ADHD symptoms was associated with lower levels and less growth in decoding speed and text comprehension...
September 2016: Developmental Psychology
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