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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341463/synthetic-phonics-and-decodable-instructional-reading-texts-how-far-do-these-support-poor-readers
#1
Ruth Maria Price-Mohr, Colin Bernard Price
This paper presents data from a quasi-experimental trial with paired randomisation that emerged during the development of a reading scheme for children in England. This trial was conducted with a group of 12 children, aged 5-6, and considered to be falling behind their peers in reading ability and a matched control group. There were two intervention conditions (A: using mixed teaching methods and a high percentage of non-phonically decodable vocabulary; P: using mixed teaching methods and low percentage of non-decodable vocabulary); allocation to these was randomised...
January 17, 2018: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321709/the-probable-prevalence-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-specific-learning-disorder-in-primary-school-children-in-edirne
#2
Işık Görker, Leyla Bozatli, Ümran Korkmazlar, Meltem Yücel Karadağ, Cansın Ceylan, Ceren Söğüt, Hasan Cem Aykutlu, Büşra Subay, Nesrin Turan
Introduction: The aim of this study was to research the probable prevalence of Specific Learning Disorder (SLD) in primary school children in Edirne City and the relationships with their sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: The sample of our study was composed of 2,174 children who were educated in primary schools in second, third, and fourth grades in the academic year 2013-2014 in Edirne City. The teachers and parents of these children were given Specific Learning Difficulties Symptom Scale, Learning Disabilities Symptoms Checklist (teacher and parent forms), and sociodemographic data forms to fill in...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319358/cognitive-mechanisms-underlying-the-associations-between-inattention-and-reading-abilities
#3
Vickie Plourde, Michel Boivin, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Philippe Robaey, Richard E Tremblay, Ginette Dionne
This study aims to test cognitive skills underlying the association between inattention and reading in early primary school. Teachers rated inattention symptoms when children (N = 523-962) were 6-7 years old. Children were assessed at age 7-8 on phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming (RAN), rapid auditory and bimodal processing, vocabulary, and reading (decoding and comprehension). Phonological awareness, RAN of numbers, and vocabulary mediated the association between inattention and both decoding and comprehension...
January 10, 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289410/respiratory-and-laryngeal-function-in-teachers-pre-and-postvocal-loading-challenge
#4
Nicole E Herndon, Anusha Sundarrajan, M Preeti Sivasankar, Jessica E Huber
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine laryngeal and respiratory physiological changes in teachers before and after a 1-hour vocal loading challenge. METHODS: Twelve teachers completed ratings of vocal tiredness, vocal effort, and produced a reading passage and monologue before and after a 1-hour vocal loading challenge (reading aloud in noise). Sound pressure level, lung volume parameters, cepstral peak prominence, and low/high spectral ratio were measured...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259564/the-impact-of-school-climate-and-school-identification-on-academic-achievement-multilevel-modeling-with-student-and-teacher-data
#5
Sophie Maxwell, Katherine J Reynolds, Eunro Lee, Emina Subasic, David Bromhead
School climate is a leading factor in explaining student learning and achievement. Less work has explored the impact of both staff and student perceptions of school climate raising interesting questions about whether staff school climate experiences can add "value" to students' achievement. In the current research, multiple sources were integrated into a multilevel model, including staff self-reports, student self-reports, objective school records of academic achievement, and socio-economic demographics. Achievement was assessed using a national literacy and numeracy tests (N = 760 staff and 2,257 students from 17 secondary schools)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202736/peer-teacher-training-ptt-program-for-health-professional-students-interprofessional-and-flipped-learning
#6
Annette Burgess, Chris Roberts, Christie van Diggele, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: The need for developing healthcare professional students' peer teaching skills is widely acknowledged, and a number of discipline-based peer teacher training programs have been previously reported. However, a consensus on what a student peer teaching skills program across the health professions should entail, and the associated benefits and challenges, has not been previously described. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the design and implementation of an interprofessional Peer Teacher Training (PTT) program, and explore outcomes and participant perceptions, using Experience-Based Learning (ExBL) theory...
December 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192618/how-children-perceive-the-acoustic-environment-of-their-school
#7
Karl Jonas Brännström, Erika Johansson, Daniel Vigertsson, David J Morris, Birgitta Sahlén, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander
OBJECTIVE: Children's own ratings and opinions on their schools sound environments add important information on noise sources. They can also provide information on how to further improve and optimize children's learning situation in their classrooms. This study reports on the Swedish translation and application of an evidence-based questionnaire that measures how children perceive the acoustic environment of their school. STUDY DESIGN: The Swedish version was made using a back-to-back translation...
March 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179616/executive-function-variation-in-children-with-conduct-problems-influences-of-coexisting-reading-difficulties
#8
Angeliki Kallitsoglou
It is unknown whether children with conduct problems (CP) and poor reading (PR) skills exhibit more profound executive function impairments than children with CP only and whether such impairments are explained by coexisting PR. Executive functions were compared in four groups of 7- to 8-year-old children: 26 CP only, 35 PR only, 27 CP-PR, and 31 comparison (COM) children with neither CP nor PR. The Conners' Teacher Rating Scale-28 and a sentence completion reading test were used to assess CP and PR skills. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition Backward Digit Span, the Conners' Continuous Performance Test, and the Tower of London were used to assess three aspects of executive function: verbal working memory, response inhibition, and planning, respectively...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162571/classroom-promotion-of-oral-language-cpol-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-school-based-intervention-to-improve-children-s-literacy-outcomes-at-grade-3-oral-language-and-mental-health
#9
Sharon Goldfeld, Pamela Snow, Patricia Eadie, John Munro, Lisa Gold, Ha N D Le, Francesca Orsini, Beth Shingles, Katherine Lee, Judy Connell, Amy Watts
INTRODUCTION: Oral language and literacy competence are major influences on children's developmental pathways and life success. Children who do not develop the necessary language and literacy skills in the early years of school then go on to face long-term difficulties. Improving teacher effectiveness may be a critical step in lifting oral language and literacy outcomes. The Classroom Promotion of Oral Language trial aims to determine whether a specifically designed teacher professional learning programme focusing on promoting oral language can lead to improved teacher knowledge and practice, and advance outcomes in oral language and literacy for early years school children, compared with usual practice...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160118/the-effectiveness-of-a-classroom-based-phonological-awareness-program-for-4-5-year-olds
#10
Chrissy Kelly, Suze Leitão, Karen Smith-Lock, Brody Heritage
PURPOSE: Numerous studies have reported a robust relationship between early phonological awareness (PA) and subsequent reading achievement, in addition to the critical role of the alphabetic principle in predicting and supporting later reading and spelling development. Given this association, there has been an increasing push to teach these skills to young children prior to word level reading and spelling instruction. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Cracking the Code (CtC) program with students aged 3;8-5;4...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160095/teaching-reading-comprehension-to-learners-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-discrepancies-between-teacher-and-research-recommended-practices
#11
Amy L Accardo, Elizabeth G Finnegan
Students with autism spectrum disorder have been found to experience difficulty with reading comprehension despite intact decoding and word recognition. This identified need for targeted reading comprehension remediation results in a need for teachers to utilize research-based practices and to individualize instruction for students with autism spectrum disorder; however, teachers report a lack of access to such practices. This study utilized survey methodology to gather perceptions and experiences of teachers and to compare teacher preparedness to use effective instructional practices emerging from the extant research to teacher-reported effective practices in the classroom...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154033/measuring-preschool-learning-engagement-in-the-laboratory
#12
Simone E Halliday, Susan D Calkins, Esther M Leerkes
Learning engagement is a critical factor for academic achievement and successful school transitioning. However, current methods of assessing learning engagement in young children are limited to teacher report or classroom observation, which may limit the types of research questions one could assess about this construct. The current study investigated the validity of a novel assessment designed to measure behavioral learning engagement among young children in a standardized laboratory setting and examined how learning engagement in the laboratory relates to future classroom adjustment...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130436/hearing-technology-use-and-management-in-school-age-children-reports-from-data-logs-parents-and-teachers
#13
Samantha J Gustafson, Todd A Ricketts, Anne Marie Tharpe
BACKGROUND: Consistency of hearing aid and remote microphone system use declines as school-age children with hearing loss age. One indicator of hearing aid use time is data logging, another is parent report. Recent data suggest that parents overestimate their children's hearing aid use time relative to data logging. The potential reasons for this disparity remain unclear. Because school-age children spend the majority of their day away from their parents and with their teachers, reports from teachers might serve as a valuable and additional tool for estimating hearing aid use time and management...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121825/the-impact-of-staff-training-on-special-educational-needs-professionals-attitudes-toward-and-understanding-of-applied-behavior-analysis
#14
Sinéad Smyth, Benjamin E Reading, Claire McDowell
BACKGROUND: Research-based evidence points to the efficacy and value of applied behavior analysis (ABA) in meeting the needs of individuals with learning disabilities and autism. Nonetheless, public, government, and professional perception of ABA can be negative. The current study was designed to measure the impact of a short intervention on professionals' attitudes toward, and knowledge of, ABA. METHOD: Teachers and classroom assistants from two separate schools for children with severe learning difficulties completed a self-report survey on knowledge of and attitudes toward ABA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096407/integrating-health-education-in-core-curriculum-classrooms-successes-challenges-and-implications-for-urban-middle-schools
#15
Sonali Rajan, Katherine J Roberts, Laura Guerra, Moira Pirsch, Ernest Morrell
BACKGROUND: School-based health education efforts can positively affect health behaviors and learning outcomes; however, there is limited available time during the school day for separate health education classes. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and sustainability of implementing a classroom-based health education program that integrates skill development with health learning. METHODS: A wait-list control study design was conducted among 168 6th graders in 2 urban schools...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064778/studies-of-physical-education-in-the-united-states-using-sofit-a-review
#16
Thomas L McKenzie, Nicole J Smith
PURPOSE: An objective database for physical education (PE) is important for policy and practice decisions, and the System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time (SOFIT) has been identified as an appropriate surveillance tool for PE across the nation. The purpose of this review was to assess peer-reviewed studies using SOFIT to study K-12 PE in U.S. schools. METHOD: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses informed the review, and 10 databases were searched for English-language articles published through 2016...
October 24, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051916/a-new-dyslexia-reading-method-and-visual-correction-position-method
#17
George T Manilla, Joe de Braga
Pediatricians and educators may interact daily with several dyslexic patients or students. One dyslexic author accidently developed a personal, effective, corrective reading method. Its effectiveness was evaluated in 3 schools. One school utilized 8 demonstration special education students. Over 3 months, one student grew one third year, 3 grew 1 year, and 4 grew 2 years. In another school, 6 sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade classroom teachers followed 45 treated dyslexic students. They all excelled and progressed beyond their classroom peers in 4 months...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019597/the-botanist-george-gardner-and-his-impressions-of-slave-culture-in-brazil-rio-de-janeiro-1810-1850
#18
José Carlos Barreiro
This article analyzes the English botanist George Gardner's trip to Brazil during the 1830s. After graduating from the University of Glasgow Gardner was influenced by his teacher and by readings of contemporary naturalists and set off for Brazil in March of 1836, arriving two months later in Rio de Janeiro. The article presents Gardner's impressions of slavery in Brazil, in an attempt to unveil the symbolic universe of a play he witnessed and described, which took place on a farm in Rio de Janeiro on Christmas night...
July 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994616/assessing-speech-perception-in-swedish-school-aged-children-preliminary-data-on-the-listen-say-test
#19
Cecilia Nakeva von Mentzer, Martina Sundström, Karin Enqvist, Mathias Hällgren
To meet the need for a linguistic speech perception test in Swedish, the 'Listen-Say test' was developed. Minimal word pairs were used as speech material to assess seven phonetic contrasts in two auditory backgrounds. In the present study, children's speech discrimination skills in quiet and in four-talker (4T) speech background were examined. Associations with lexical-access skills and academic achievement were explored. The study included 27 school children 7-9 years of age. Overall, the children discriminated phonetic contrasts well in both conditions (quiet: Mdn 95%; 4T speech; Mdn 91% correct)...
October 10, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987044/-application-of-brain-boy-universal-professional-in-preliminary-assessment-of-auditory-processing-disorder
#20
Joanna Rutkowska, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna
Increasing numbers of hearing pathology is auditory processing disorders. Auditory Processing Disorders (APD) are defined as difficulty in using auditory information to communicate and learn in the presence of normal peripheral hearing. It may be recognized as a problem with understanding of speech in noise and perception disorder of distorted speech. APD may accompany to articulation disorders, language problems and difficulties in reading and writing. The diagnosis of auditory processing disorders causes many difficulties primarily due to the lack of common testing procedures, precise criteria for qualification to the group of norm and pathology...
September 29, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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