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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932822/efl-reading-goals-of-grade-11-students-across-public-and-non-public-schools-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#1
Tekle Ferede, B M Nchindila
This study investigated the EFL reading goals of Grade 11 students across public and non-public schools in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. To this end, quantitative data were collected from 556 (375 public and 181 non-public) students via pre-tested structured questionnaire and analyzed into means, medians, standard deviations, ranges and Mann-Whitney U test scores. The results show that non-public school students were found better than public school students in possessing components of both extrinsic and intrinsic goals for reading...
September 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932019/towards-identifying-dyslexia-in-standard-indonesian-the-development-of-a-reading-assessment-battery
#2
Bernard A J Jap, Elisabeth Borleffs, Ben A M Maassen
With its transparent orthography, Standard Indonesian is spoken by over 160 million inhabitants and is the primary language of instruction in education and the government in Indonesia. An assessment battery of reading and reading-related skills was developed as a starting point for the diagnosis of dyslexia in beginner learners. Founded on the International Dyslexia Association's definition of dyslexia, the test battery comprises nine empirically motivated reading and reading-related tasks assessing word reading, pseudoword reading, arithmetic, rapid automatized naming, phoneme deletion, forward and backward digit span, verbal fluency, orthographic choice (spelling), and writing...
2017: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927442/a-primary-school-active-break-programme-acti-break-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Amanda Watson, Anna Timperio, Helen Brown, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Levels of overall physical activity have been shown to decline across childhood. Schools are considered ideal settings to promote physical activity as children spend a large amount of their waking hours at school. Time-efficient physical activity strategies that demonstrate a positive impact on academic-related outcomes are needed to enable physical activity to be prioritised in the school day. The ACTI-BREAK programme requires classroom teachers to integrate active breaks; 5-min bursts of moderate-intensity physical activity into their classroom routine...
September 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913744/eight-year-latent-class-trajectories-of-academic-and-social-functioning-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
George J DuPaul, Paul L Morgan, George Farkas, Marianne M Hillemeier, Steve Maczuga
We examined trajectories of academic and social functioning in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to identify those who might be at risk for especially severe levels of academic and social impairment over time. We estimated a series of growth mixture models using data from two subsamples of children participating in the NIMH Collaborative Multisite Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA) including those with at least baseline and 96-month data for reading and mathematics achievement (n = 392; 77...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913703/using-technology-and-assessment-to-personalize-instruction-preventing-reading-problems
#5
Carol McDonald Connor
Children who fail to learn to read proficiently are at serious risk of referral to special education, grade retention, dropping out of high school, and entering the juvenile justice system. Accumulating research suggests that instruction regimes that rely on assessment to inform instruction are effective in improving the implementation of personalized instruction and, in turn, student learning. However, teachers find it difficult to interpret assessment results in a way that optimizes learning opportunities for all of the students in their classrooms...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872675/language-and-reading-comprehension-in-middle-childhood-predicts-emotional-and-behaviour-difficulties-in-adolescence-for-those-with-permanent-childhood-hearing-loss
#6
Jim Stevenson, Hannah Pimperton, Jana Kreppner, Sarah Worsfold, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Merle Mahon, Colin Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Permanent childhood hearing loss (PCHL) is associated with an elevated level of emotional and behaviour difficulties (EBD). In children and adolescents with PCHL, EBD has been found to be linked to language ability in children with PCHL. The present study was designed to test whether childhood language and/or reading comprehension abilities of children with PCHL predict subsequent EBD in adolescence. METHODS: Language comprehension (LC) and reading comprehension (RC) were measured at ages 6-10 years (Time 1) and 13-20 years (Time 2) in participants with PCHL who preferred to communicate using spoken language (n = 57) and a hearing comparison group (n = 38)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870608/association-among-food-insecurity-academic-performance-and-weight-status-in-primary-schoolchildren-in-tehran-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Saeed Esfandiari, Nasrin Omidvar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Aazam Doustmohammadian, Zeynab Amirhamidi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations among household food insecurity (FI), academic performance, and weight status in urban primary schoolchildren. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary schools in Tehran, Iran. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 803 students (419 boys and 384 girls), aged 10-12 years, were recruited from 43 primary schools. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Levels of FI were measured using a locally validated, 18-item household food security survey module...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862535/discipline-specific-compared-to-generic-training-of-teachers-in-higher-education
#8
Ayona Silva-Fletcher, Stephen A May
A recurrent theme arising in the higher education sector is the suitability and effectiveness of generic versus discipline-specific training of university teachers, who are often recruited based on their disciplinary specialties to become teachers in higher education. We compared two groups of participants who had undergone training using a generic post-graduate certificate in higher education (PGCertGeneric) versus a discipline-specific course in veterinary education (PGCertVetEd). The study was conducted using a survey that allowed comparison of participants who completed PGCertGeneric (n=21) with PGCertVetEd (n=22)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771044/retrospective-analysis-of-nonepileptic-patients-with-isolated-epileptiform-discharges-treated-with-anticonvulsants
#9
Ronald J Swatzyna, Jay D Tarnow, Meyer L Proler, Alexandra J Roark, Erin K MacInerney, Gerald P Kozlowski
Many antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have been tested on nonepileptic patients with a variety of diagnoses. The Food and Drug Administration has only approved certain AEDs for a small number of psychiatric conditions. There are few studies of nonepileptic patients that recommend an empirical trial of AEDs when isolated epileptiform discharges (IEDs) are identified in the electroencephalogram (EEG). However, no trials have been published. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome of treating nonepileptic patients with AEDs when IEDs are present...
September 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759614/pilot-study-of-a-novel-classroom-designed-to-prevent-myopia-by-increasing-children-s-exposure-to-outdoor-light
#10
Zhongqiang Zhou, Tingting Chen, Mengrui Wang, Ling Jin, Yongyi Zhao, Shangji Chen, Congyao Wang, Guoshan Zhang, Qilin Wang, Qiaoming Deng, Yubo Liu, Ian G Morgan, Mingguang He, Yizhi Liu, Nathan Congdon
We sought to assess light characteristics and user acceptability of a prototype Bright Classroom (BC), designed to prevent children's myopia by exposing them to light conditions resembling the outdoors. Conditions were measured throughout the school year in the glass-constructed BC, a traditional classroom (TC) and outdoors. Teachers and children completed user questionnaires, and children rated reading comfort at different light intensities. A total of 230 children (mean age 10.2 years, 57.4% boys) and 13 teachers (36...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735609/can-teacher-child-relationships-alter-the-effects-of-early-socioeconomic-status-on-achievement-in-middle-childhood
#11
Meghan P McCormick, Erin E O'Connor, E Parham Horn
Using data from the NICHD SECCYD (N=1053), we used two-level hierarchical linear models with site fixed effects to examine whether teacher-child closeness and conflict moderated associations between two indicators of early socioeconomic status (maternal education and family income) and standardized measures of children's math and reading achievement at 54months, 1st, 3rd, and 5th grades. Children whose mothers had lower levels of education and conflictual relationships with teachers exhibited lower reading achievement, on average, across elementary school...
October 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724147/community-and-interns-perspectives-on-community-participatory-medical-education-from-passive-to-active-participation
#12
Akiteru Takamura, Hidekazu Misaki, Yousuke Takemura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of community-based medical education as a method of learning primary care is now common worldwide. However, in many cases community participation remains passive. This study sought to explore the effects of introducing community members into medical education as active teachers. Medical education taught directly by community members might be a key to comprehensive community-based learning. METHODS: This study was conducted in Japan at two postgraduate programs in community hospitals...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661956/emergent-literacy-in-thai-preschoolers-a-preliminary-study
#13
Ramorn Yampratoom, Nawarat Aroonyadech, Nichara Ruangdaraganon, Rawiwan Roongpraiwan, Jariya Kositprapa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate emergent literacy skills, including phonological awareness when presented with an initial phoneme-matching task and letter knowledge when presented with a letter-naming task in Thai preschoolers, and to identify key factors associated with those skills. METHODS: Four hundred twelve typically developing children in their final kindergarten year were enrolled in this study. Their emergent reading skills were measured by initial phoneme-matching and letter-naming tasks...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646973/parent-involvement-in-beginning-primary-school-correlates-and-changes-in-involvement-across-the-first-two-years-of-school-in-a-new-zealand-sample
#14
Philippa S McDowall, Mele Taumoepeau, Elizabeth Schaughency
This study described the relations of parents' and teachers' beliefs and attitudes to forms of parents' involvement in children's first two years of primary school. Parents of children in their first year of primary school (age 5) were recruited from 12 classrooms within four schools in New Zealand; 196 families participated in their child's first year, and 124 families continued to participate in their child's second school year. Parents completed the Family-Involvement Questionnaire, New Zealand, and we archivally collected parent-documented children's oral reading homework...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646972/effectiveness-evaluation-of-the-positive-family-support-intervention-a-three-tiered-public-health-delivery-model-for-middle-schools
#15
Keith Smolkowski, John R Seeley, Jeffery M Gau, Tom J Dishion, Elizabeth A Stormshak, Kevin J Moore, Corrina A Falkenstein, Gregory M Fosco, S Andrew Garbacz
This article presents the results of an evaluation of Positive Family Support, an ecological family intervention and treatment approach to parent supports and family management training developed from a history of basic and translational research. This effectiveness trial, with 41 public middle schools randomly assigned to intervention or control, examined student-, teacher-, and parent-reported outcomes, as well as math and reading scores and school attendance. Multilevel analyses suggested that for students at risk for behavior problems, immediate-intervention schools outperformed control schools on parent-reported negative school contacts for students at risk for behavior problems...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639805/how-do-parent-expectations-promote-child-academic-achievement-in-early-elementary-school-a-test-of-three-mediators
#16
John Loughlin-Presnal, Karen L Bierman
Using a longitudinal mediation framework and a low-income sample, this study had 2 aims: (a) to model bidirectional associations between parent academic expectations and child academic outcomes from first through fifth grade, and (b) to explore 3 mediators of parental influence: parent involvement in child schooling, child learning behaviors, and child perceived academic competence. Participants included 356 children and their caregivers (89% mothers) recruited from Head Start centers (58% European American, 25% African American, 17% Latino)...
September 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637740/tablet-computers-versus-optical-aids-to-support-education-and-learning-in-children-and-young-people-with-low-vision-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-create-children-reading-with-electronic-assistance-to-educate
#17
Michael D Crossland, Rachel Thomas, Hilary Unwin, Seelam Bharani, Vijaya K Gothwal, Ana Quartilho, Catey Bunce, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
INTRODUCTION: Low vision and blindness adversely affect education and independence of children and young people. New 'assistive' technologies such as tablet computers can display text in enlarged font, read text out to the user, allow speech input and conversion into typed text, offer document and spreadsheet processing and give access to wide sources of information such as the internet. Research on these devices in low vision has been limited to case series. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will carry out a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) to assess the feasibility of a full RCT of assistive technologies for children/young people with low vision...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633935/teacher-student-relationship-quality-and-academic-achievement-in-elementary-school-a-longitudinal-examination-of-gender-differences
#18
Daniel B Hajovsky, Benjamin A Mason, Luke A McCune
Multiple group longitudinal cross-lagged panel models were implemented to understand the directional influences between teacher-student closeness and conflict and measured math and reading achievement across elementary grades and gender groups using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development longitudinal sample (N=1133). Specifically, after testing multiple group longitudinal measurement invariance to ensure consistent measurement across genders and time, and tests of equivalence of the latent parameters, we were interested in whether longitudinal changes in teacher-rated closeness and conflict explained longitudinal changes in achievement, and vice versa, and whether those longitudinal influences varied by gender...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620969/black-and-white-parents-willingness-to-seek-help-for-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#19
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Kristina Decker, Trisha Arnold, Kathryn H Howell, Vicky Phares
OBJECTIVE: Understanding social and environmental factors that contribute to parental help-seeking intentions is an important step in addressing service underutilization for children in need of treatment. This study examined factors that contribute to parents' intentions to seek formal and informal help for child psychopathology (anxiety and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]). METHOD: A total of 251 parents (N = 128 mothers, N = 123 fathers; 49% Black, 51% White) read 3 vignettes describing children with anxiety, ADHD, and no diagnosis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611700/brain-knowledge-and-the-prevalence-of-neuromyths-among-prospective-teachers-in-greece
#20
Marietta Papadatou-Pastou, Eleni Haliou, Filippos Vlachos
Although very often teachers show a great interest in introducing findings from the field of neuroscience in their classrooms, there is growing concern about the lack of academic instruction on neuroscience on teachers' curricula because this has led to a proliferation of neuromyths. We surveyed 479 undergraduate (mean age = 19.60 years, SD = 2.29) and 94 postgraduate students (mean age = 28.52 years, SD = 7.16) enrolled in Departments of Education at the University of Thessaly and the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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